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With Biograpliical Sketches of Representative Citizens and 
Genealogical Records of Many of the Old Families 




Indianapolis, Indiana 



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Tins work is respectfully tledicated to 


lonii; since departed. May the memory of those who laid down their hardens 
hy the wayside e\er he fra.s^rant as the hreath nf summer 
flowers, for their toils and sacrifices have made 
Daviess County a jiarden of sun- 
shine and delifjhts. 


All lite and achiewment is exolution ; present wisdom comes from jiast 
ex])erienee. and ])resent cnmmercial ])r(iS|)erit\- ha> ciuiie only Irom past exer- 
tion and siitTerin;;. The deeds and moti\es of the men who liax'e ,i;one liefore 
have [jeen instrnmental in sha])in,(; the destinies of later conimnnities and 
states. The de\elo])nient of a new conntry was at onee a task and a pri\-i- 
lege. It rei|uireil f,n-eat courat,^'. sacrifice and pri\ation. ("ompare the ]>res- 
ent conditions of the people of Hax'iess connty, Indiana, with \\hat they 
were ime hundred )-ears aj^o. IToni a trackless wilderness and \ir,L;in land, 
it has come to he ;l center of prosperity and civilization, with millions ol 
wealth, sxstenis id" railway's, yrand educational institutions. si)lendiil indus- 
tries and immense a.i^Ticultural and mineral productions. (";in any think- 
in<^ person he insensihle t(^ the f;i<cination of the study which discloses the 
as])irations and efforts of the earl\- pioueers who so stromal)- laid the fountla- 
tion upon which has heen reared the ma,i:;nitlcent prosperil\- of later ckiN's .' To 
per|ietuate the storv of these people and to trace and record the social, |)olit- 
ical and, industrial ]iroL;ress of the community from its first inception is the 
function of the local historian. A sincere pur])ose to preserve facts and per- 
sonal memoirs that are deservinL;- of perpetuation, and which unite the ]>tca- 
ent to the past, is the motive for the present puhlication. .\ s]iecially valuahle 
and interesting;- department is that one devoted to the sketches of representa- 
tive citizens of these counties whose records deserve ])reservation hecanse of 
their worth, effort and accomplishment. The puhlishers desire to extend 
their thanks to the ^^entlemen who have so faithfullv Ial)ored to this end. 
'fhanks are also due to the citizens of Daviess count) for the iniiform kind- 
ness with which thev have re,i..;arded this undertakin;.;-, and for their many 
serx ici-s rendeied in ihc L;,iinin-' ^'i necessary information. 

In placm.L; the 'dlistorv of I'aviess t'ounly, Indiana." liefore the citizens, 
the puhlishers can conscientiously claim that they have carried out the plan 
as oullined in the prospectus. lA'ery l)io,i,n-aphical sketch in the work has 
heen suhniitted to the party interested, f>ir correction, and therefore any error 
of fact, if there he anv, is solely due to the jierson for whom the sketch 
was prepared. Confident that our effort U> jilease will fully meet the ap- 
prohation of the puhlic, we are. 





I'irst \\ liite Man in Northwest Territory — English and I'rtnch Claims — • 
Til roc Successive Sovereign Elags Ttver Present Indiana Territory — I'ass- 
in!4 111' tlic Indians — Battle of Isillcn Tiniliers — Territory — I-^arly 
Settlements — Activities u! the 'I'railers — iM'encli and Indian War — I'ontiac's 
Conspiracy^Northuest Territory and Ijnebec Act — K'evohuionary Peril id — 
George Rogers Clark and His Campaign — l'' Surveys and Early Set- 
tlers — Ordinance of 1787 — hirst Stage of Government Under the Ordinance 
• — Second Stage — ( )rganization uf the Northwest Territory — Representalfve 
Stage of Crovernment — h'irst Counties Organized — I'irst Territorial Legis- 
lature of Northwest Territory — Division of 18U0 — Census of Northwest 
Territory in 18(K) — Settlements in Indiana Territory in 1800 — Eirst Stage of 
Territiirial Government — Changes in Boundary Lines of Indiana — Second 
Stage of Territorial (jovernmeut — Tlie Legislative Council — The h'irst Gen- 
eral Assemhlies — Congressional Delegates of Indiana Territory — Efforts to 
I'lstablisli Slavery in Indiana — The Indian Lands — Organization of Coun- 
ties — Changes in the Constitution of Indiana — Capitals of Nortliwest Terri- 
tory and cif Indiana — Military History of State — I'lditical History — Gov- 
eruiirs uf Indiana — A Centur\- of Growth — Natural Kesnurces. 


Liicatiiiu and Area of County — Topugrapliy — Elevation — Coal Discoveries — 
Cannel Cal. 

t'llAl'I'I'.U 1II-I-,AUI\' SI'l'Tl.l-;.Mi;\l" <)!•■ DAX'lh'.SS lOrN'j'Y (o 

The lMr.-.t Actual Settler — Other ICarly Settlers — e'lingressional Donations 
of Land to Early Settlers — Land Titles — Emigration Receives a Setback — 
Indian Troubles — Measures for Protection — h'orts and Block Houses — En- 
counter with Indians — Killing of Thomas Eagle — ( )ccu|iations of T.arly 
Settlers — h'irst Mills — Early Clotliing Material — I'ioneer harm Implements . 
and Jlachinery. 

Naming uf the County — Legislali\e Act Creating Daviess County — Organi- 
zation — The County Seat — hirst Court House — Second Court llnuse — 
Present Court House — County Jails — The County Inlirmary. 



Comniissioiier System — Tlie County Council — Early Husiness I'roceed- 
ings — Interesting Sidelights — Sundry Orders of the Board — Rates of Tavern 
Keepers — Order for a Court House — First Settlement with County Treas- 
urer — Criminals Branded — Debtors' Room — Completion of Court House — 
Completion of First Jail — County Deficit — Board of County Justices — New 
Form of Government — Return to Board of Justices System — Board of 
Commissioners Again. 


Board of County Commissioners — Auditor — Clerk of the Circuit Court 
-^SheritT — Treasurer — Recorder — Surveyor ■ — Coroner — Prosecuting At- 
torney- — State Senators — Representatives in the Legislature — Presidential 
I-:iectors. 1,S44 to 1912. 


Competition with Ivastern States as to Internal lni])rovements — Congres- 
sional Act Authorizing Wahash and Eric Canal — I'inancial Crash of 1847 — 
Inci(lents of Canal Days — Whiskey as l""ree as Water — Cliolera F.pidemic — 
Traveling on a Canal Boat. 


Reclaiming Waste Lands — Modern Methods Applied in F'arniing — Statis- 
y tical Items of Interest — Daviess County Productions — Valuations — County 
Auditor's Report — Social Statistics — Local Option Elections — Rise and Fall 
of the Daviess County Fair. 


The F'ugitive Slave Law — Great Risks in the Operation of the "Underground 
Railroad" — Slavery in Daviess County — .^n Early Kidnapping Case — Route 
of the "Underground Railroad" — Its Operations in Daviess County — Offi- 
cers Outwitted — A Wasliington Kidna])ping Case. 


War with Mexic(j — War Between the States — Daviess County's Patriotic 
Uesiihiiion — b'irsl Company of N'olnnleers — The Sixtli Re.gijuent — "Copper- 
head.V'— X'arious Commands in Which Daviess County Soldiers Served— 
Losses — Scatlering Military Events — Home (iuards — Daviess County Es- 
capes Draft — Recruits and Veterans — Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument — The 
CJldest Veteran. 


h'irst Journalistic Ventures — Washington Papers — Mayor Knocks Editor 
Down — "I'ress Day" in Olden Times — Other Newspapers of the County. 


I'resljyterian Churches — Methodist Episcopal Churches — Christian Churches 
— The Baptist Church — L^nited Brethren Church — Catholic Churches— Inter- 
esting Reminiscences — Summary of Qhurch History. 



Karly Schools — I'irst Scliool Houses — Early Teachers — Curriculum of Pio- 
neer Schools — Locking the Teacher Out — School l-"xaniiuerb — School Laws 
Changed — Views of an Examiuer — The County Institute — County Su|jerin- 
tendents — A Strenuous Election Contest — A Resume of the Work of the 
Countj' Superintendents — County Teachers' Association — County Institutes 
— Rural Elementary Schools — Early Washinj^ton Schools — Superintendents 
and Principals — School Buildings — Filnora Schools — ( )don Schools — Catho- 
lic Schools — County Seminary. 


Establisliment f)f the Circuit Court — I'irst Judges and l-'irst Grand Jury — ■ 
First Murder Case — .Attorneys .\dniitted to Practice in the E.arly Courts — 
Circuit Court Judges — Prominent Attorneys Who Have Practiced in the 
Da\ less Courts — Present Memliers of the Bar. 


Registration of Physicians hy Years — Optometrists — Dentists. ^ 


Free and Accejitcd Masons — .Allied Organizations — Independent ( irder of 
Odd I'"ello\vs — Knights of I'ythias — .-Ancient Or'U-r of Hibernians — Knights 
of Columbus. 


Grand Army of the Rei)ublic — Ladies of the Grand Army — .Society of the 
Daughters of the .American Revolution — Lineage of Memliers. 


Veale Township — I'Mrst Distillery — Washington Townsliip— Reeve Town- 
ship — Barr Township — Annisenients of the Pioneers — Bogard Township — El- 
more township — Madison Township — Steele Township — Harrison Town- 
ship — Van Buren Township. 


.Mfordsville — Alliright — lUacU Cjak — Cannelburg — Chelsea — Cornetts- 
\ illc— (.'orbylown — Cosb)' — t orning — Cimiback — F.ldon — F.lnora — I'^psom — ■ 
l-'arlen— (Hen Dale— Graham — llyalt — II u.Lsonv illc— lacob— Jordan— Lasca 
■ — l.cttsvilU — Liverpool — Marsh — Maysville — Montgomery — Odon — Plain vi lie 
— Raglesville — Sandy 1 look — Smiley — South Washington— Thomas — Trainor 
— Tom's Hill — Waco— Postoffices in Daviess County Outside of Washington. 


First Called Liverpool — ( Iriginal Plat — .Additions — h'irst Buildings and 
Stores — ICarly Business Interests — Professional Interests — Slow Growth — 
Incorporation of the Town — Organization Under a City Charter — Banks — 
City Finances — Public I'tilities — Railroad Shops — i'ostoltice — Public Li- 




Agricultural Societies 134 

Agriculture 130 

Albright 282 

AlfordsviUe 268, 282, 296 

Altitudes 63 

Amusements of Pioneers 275 

Ancient Order of Hibernians 261 

Asiatic Cholera 127 

Attorneys 246 

Attorneys, Prominent 249 

Auditor's Report, County 133 

Auditors, County 110 


Baptist Church 190 

Barr Township — 

Area 275 

Churches 196, 205 

Name 274 

Natural Resources 275 

Organization of 274 

Population 275 . 

Settlement 274 

Battle of h'allen Timbers 34, 41 

Bench and Bar 246 

Benevolent Institutions, State 61 

Black Oak 282, 296 

Block Houses 09 

Board of County Justices 104, 106 

Bogard Township— / 

Churches 205 

First Settlers 276 

Land Entries 276 

Name 276 

Organization of 276 

Population 276 

Settlement 276 

Boundaries of Indiana, Changes in. 47 
Business Proceedings of County 93 


Canal-boat Experiences 128 

Canal Days 125 

Canal History 122 

Cannel Coal 64 

Cannelburg 282, 296 

Capitals of Indiana 54 

Capitals of Northwest Territory 54 

Capture of Vincennes i^ 

Catholic Churches 195 

Catholic Schools 242 

Census of Northwest Territory 44 

Changes in State Constitute 52 

Chelsea 283 

Cholera Epidemics 127 

Christian Churches 188, 192 

Church History 184 

Circuit Court Judges 248 

Civil War 55, 148 

Claims of English Colonies 33 

Claims of Northwest Territory 34 

Clerks of the Courts HO 

Clothing Material, Early 77 

Coal Discoveries 64 

Columbus, Knights of 261 

Commissioner System 91 

Commissioners' Acts, Early 93 

Commissioners, Board of 94, 108 

Congressional Land Donations 66 

Constitution, Changes in 52 

Constitutional Convention, 1850 — 53 
"Copperheads" in Daviess County. 154 

Corbytown 284 

Cornettsville 283, 296 

Corning 284 

Coroners 112 

Cosby -^-- 284 

Counties, Organization of 43, 51 

County Auditors 110 

County Commissioners -94, 108 

County Council 91 


County Fair 134 

County Government 91 

County Inlinnary 89 

Couaity Institute 217, 22() 

County Justices, Board of 104 

County Political History lOS 

County Ivecorders 112 

County Seat Located j.. 83 

County Seminary 244 

County Superintendents 217 

County Surveyors 112 

County Teachers' Association 225 

Count}' Treasurers 111 

Court House, l-"irst 84 

Court House History 84, 98, 101 

Courts arul Lawyers 246 

Creation of Daviess County 81 

Criminals Branded 100 

Cunil)ack , 284 


Dautihtcrs of the American Revo- 
lution 269 

Daviess County in War 148 

Daviess County Newspapers 177 

■ Dehtors' Room 110 

Dentists 256 

Distillery, First in County 272 

Doctors 253 

Draft, Daviess County ICscapes lo8 

Drainage 63 


Fa.ule. Tliomas. Killing of "2, 247 

larly Clotliing Material . 77 

i-'arly l'"arni liuplements 78 

l'2arly Lawyers ^- , 248 

Early Settlement 65 

Farly Teachers 209 

Eastern Star, Order of 259' 

Educational History 207 

Educational System of State 61 

Eldon 285 

Election, I'irst Territorial 48 

Elections, Local Option 134 

Elections, Presidential 114 

Elementary Schools, Rural 230 

Elmore Townsiiip — 

Character of Settlers 277 

/Churches 205 

First Settlers 276 

Land Entries 277 

Name L 276 

( )ri>anization 276 

Population / 2J1 

Teachers, Early 210 

Elnora — 

Bank 286 

rSeginnings 285 

Business Interests 283 

Churches 188, 286 

Incorporation 285 

Lodges 268 

Xame Changed 285 

Officers, l-'irst 285 

Population 287 

Postotfice 297 

Puhlic I'tilities 286 

Schools 236 

Enctjunter with Indians 70 

English Colonies. Claims of 33 

l-'.pidcmic of Cholera 127 

lOpsom 287 


Fair, County 134 

h'allen Timbers, Battle of 34, 41 

I'arlen ^ 287 

l'"arui Implements, I-'arly 78 

I'arm Statistics 132 

I'arming Industry ^ 130 

iMtty-eighlh Regiment 163 

l-'itly-second Regiment 161 

^'ir^t t'ourt llou.-.c' 84 

iMrsI General .\^semblics 49 

l'"irst Saw-mill 76 

i'irst Schools 207 

First Settler in County 65 

First Territorial Legislature 43 

h'irst Territorial Surveys_A 39 

h'irst White Men in Territory i^ 

Forts 69 

Forty-second Regiment 159 

E'ralernal Orders 257 

Free and Accepted Masons 257 

EVench and Indian War 35 




General Assemblies, First 49 Kidnapping Cases 139 1143 

'" ^ , ->^7 Killing of Thomas Eagle 72, 247 

Glen Dak ,. . , r /- , i 7(,i 

^ ^1 T„ ii-,m S8 Knights of Colnmbus 'ii 

Governors of Indiana -" " . r. .i ■ ■'m 

_ , ^,^A Knights of rytluas WJ 

Graham " , ^rq 

Grain Mills, First . 77 Knights lemplar 59 

Grand Army of the Republic,----- 2i^i . 

Grand Jury, First 246 ^^ 

H Ladies of the G. A. R. 

Land Donations liy Congress- 


Harrison Township— j .^^,1 Titles, Early 66 

Lliurches ■^'^-' ] ;jp,i5 I'urchased from Indians 51 

Creation of ^^^' Lasca 288 

First Settlers -79 Lawyers Now at the Bar 251 

^ Land Entries 280 Legislative Act Creating County--- 81 

Population -^" Legislative Council, First 48 

Hibernians, Ancient Order of— ^— - 261 Legislators 1^3 

HomF Guards 1''^ Le^isLiturc l~irst Territorial 43 

Hudsonville 2S8, 297 i .^tsville ' — 289 

Hyatt 288, 297 j i,,„,„ol 84, 27i. 289, 299 

Local Option Elections 134 

I • ■ Locating the County Seat ^3 

Location of Daviess County,,^,,-,- "3 

Incidents of Canal Days 1-5 j ,„l"es 257 

Independent Order of Odd Fellows 259 i'„„~' Schoo'l Houses 207 

Indian Lands ^^^ Loyally of Daxiess County in War, 150 

Indian Struggles 41 Madison Township- 
Indian Troubles "J' Churches 206 

Indian Wars 33 ^^^^^ Entries 277 

Indiana, Capitals of -"'4' f^,^,^,^ Changed 106, 277 

Indiana, Changes in lloundancs- 4/ Qrtfanization of 277 

Indiana, Governors of j!^ Poi)ulation - 278 

Indiana, Growth in Population 59 Seltlrnu-nt 277 

Indrana, Natural Resources 60 

Indiana Political History - ^7 

ludi.iua Teirilory, ScllUinent in..- 45 M 

Indiana, Wealth of 60 

lulirniary. County W ^''^^l' . ; „7 

Internal Improvements, State-— 37 Masonic <Jrder "' 

Maysvillc 289 

- Medical History 253 

^ Memorial to Capt. Joseph 11. Da- 

Jacoh 288 viess ^- ^3 

Jail History 87, 102 Methodist Episcopal Churches 186 

Jordan - 288 Mexican War 148 

Judges, Early •— — 246 Military Events 160 

Judges' of Circuit Court 248 Military History of County 148 

Jury, First Grand . 246 Military History of Indiana ----^^^ 

Justices of the Peace -.-— 94 Mills '6, 291 


Montgomery — 

Banks 291 

Business Interests 291 

Churches 198, 291 

First Events 290 

Growth 290 

Industries 291 

Location 290 

Marriage, An Early 290 

Mill 291 

Postotfice 297 

Schools 243, I'lCi 

Monument to Soldiers and Sailors 170 


Natural Features 63 

Natural Resources of State 60 

Newspapers of the County 177 

Ninety-first Regiment 167 

Northwest Territory 34 

Northwest Territory, Capitals of 54 

Northwest Territory, Census of 44 

Northwest Territory, (Organization 
of 42 


Occupations, Early 75 

Odd Fellows 259 


Banks 292 

Business Interests, First 292 

Churches 188, 194, 293 

Incorporation 292 

Lodges 267 

Name ChiuiKcd 292 

(lllicers, I'irst 2')2 

Population 293 

Postoffice 298 

Public Utilities 293 

Schools 239 

Settlers, First 292 

Optometrists 256 

Order of the Eastern Star 259 

Ordinance of 1787 39 

Organization of Counties 43, 51 

Organization of Northwest Terri- 
tory , 42 

Owl Prairie 296 


Panic of 184/ 123 

Patriotic Orders 263 

Patriotic Resolutions 150 

Perkins Store 298 

Perry Township 94, 95 

Physicians and Surgeons 253 

Plainville — 

Bank \ 294 

Business Interests 293 

Cliurches 193, 294 

Decline of 293 

Location 279 

Lodges 268 

Postofiice 298 

Recent Growth 293 

Schools 294 

Political History of County 108 

Political History of Indiana 57 

I'ontiac's Conspiracy 36 

Poor Farm 89, 106 

Population of Indiana bj' Decades__ 59 

Population, Territorial 45 

Postoffices in Daviess County 296 

Presbyterian Cliurches 184 

Present Court House 86 

Presidential Elections / 114 

Press, The 177 

Primitive School House 208 

Prosecuting Attorneys 113 

Quebec Act 36 


Uaglesville 294 

Rates of Tavern Keepers 97 

Reclamation of Waste Lands 130 

Recorders, County 112 

Reeve Township — 

Boundaries 274 

Churches 205 

Creation of 94 

First Settler 274 

Land Entries 274 

Lister of I'roperty , 94 

Name , . 274 

Overseers of Poor ,_ 95 


Reeve Township— Steele Townsliip— 

Population 274 Location 278 

Settlement 274 Organization of 278 

Teachers, Early 210 Population 279 

Registration of Physicians 253 Summary of Churches 204 

Related State Mistory 33 Surveyors, County 112 

Reminiscences 20(J Surveyors, iMrst Territorial ]-^ 39 

Representative Stage of Government 42 

Representatives 113 

Revolutionary Period 36 

Royal Arch Masons 259 Tavern Tax 95 

Rural Elementary Scliools 230 Teachers' Association 225 

'fcachers, Early 209 

Territorial Congressional Delegates 49 

Territorial Election, First 48 

c r-1 • ' n f . -iA Territorial Government 4^i 

St. Clair s Defeat 34 t- • . , , . . „ 

e , IT I ofH lerritonal Legislature, First 43 

Sandy Hook 294 „ . ' ^ 


Saw-mill, The First 76 

School Examiners 213 

School History 207 

c , , r ,-, • ,, , 10ms Jiill 095 

Scliool Laws, Changes in 214 „ , '•' 

School, Early 207 } "Pography of County 63 

Second Court House 85 ^owns_ and \ dlages _.. 281 

Secret Societies 257 

Territorial SurAeys, First 39 

Territory Northwest of Ohio 34 

Thomas 295 

Tom's Hill 

Topography of County 63 

Seminary, County 244 

Townships of Daviess County 272 

JVainor 295 


c . ' c» 1 " " ' 7<^ Treasury, County in 

Senators, State 113 „, , ' 

c ».i ■-•II' T •■ ^c Ireasurer, County, Settlements 99 10^ 

Settlement in Indiana Territory 45 „ ,, . ^ -^ ■.Litiiituis — jj, loj 

c ..1 ■ f r- . <;c ^ naibk-s with fiidians 5(i7 

Settlement of County 65 ,,, ■'"' 

Settlers, Occupations of 75 / wenty-fourth Regiment 156 

Sixth Regiment 153 Twenty-seventh Regiment 157 

Sixty-Fifth Regiment 165 

Slavery Days 137 U 

Slavery, Efforts to Establish 50 Underground Railroad 137 

Slavery m Daviess County 138 1 t. -, , p ., ,-, , 

^ ., ■' united brethren Church 194 

Smiley 294 

Social Statistics 134 

Siddicrs from Daviess County 151 

Soldiers Monument 170 \'an Huren Township — 

South Washington 295 L:iiurclies 206 

Spanish-American War 56 Creation of 107 

State Benevolent Institutions 61 liarly Industries 280 

State Educational System 61 Land Entries 280 

State History 3i Organization of 280 

State Military History 55 I'opulation of 280 

State Political History 57 Settlement 280 

State Senators 113 Teachers, Early 210 

Statistics, General 132 Veale Township— 

Steele Township— _ I'.oundaries 272 

Churches 1 206 Churches 200 

Land Entries ^_ 279 Creation of 94 


V'eale Township — 

Distillery 272 

Infirniary 89 

Listers of Property 94 

Location 272 

Kamed, How 272 

Natural Features 272 

Organization of 272 

Overseers of Poor 95 

Schools . 210 

Settlers, Early 272 

Soil 272 

Teacliers, Early 210 

^'eteran, the Oldest 176 

\'illaees . 281 

Yincennes, Capture of 37 

\'incennes, Oldest Settlement in In- 
diana 38 

Volunteers for the Civil War 151 

Votes for Constitutional Convention 52 


Wabash & Erie Canal 122 

Waco 295 

Wallace Township 106, 277 

War with Mexico 148 

Wars, Indiana's Part in 55 

Wars with Indians 3i 

Washington — 

Additions to 300 

Banks 304 

Business Interests, Early 301 

Washington — 

Carnegie Library 311 

Churches 184, 201, 206 

City Finances 307 

Financial Statetnent 307 

First Buildings 300 

Growth 301 

Incorporation as a Town 302 

Lodges 257 

Mayors 304 

Otificers, First Town 303 

C)rganization Under City Charter 303 

I'lal, Original 299 

Postofhce 309 

Public Library 310 

Public LItilities 308 

Railroad Shops 308 

Schools 232 

Survey of 93 

Town r)fiTcers, First 303 

Washington Townsliip — 

Boundaries 273 

Churches 206 

Creation of 94 

Lister of Property 94 

Organization of 273 

Overseers of Poor 95 

Population 273 

Schools .. 210 

Waste Lands Reclaimed 130 

Wayne, Gen. Anthony 41 

Wealth of Indiana 60 

White Men, h'irst in Territory 33 





Alberty, Henry 580 Cadden, Daniel . 511 

Allen, Prof. Hamlet 336 Callahan, Stearer Y. 447 

Allen. Josiah G. 70S Can,,,, William C. __ _ 557 

Allen, Milton L 482 Caress, John _ 500 

Allison, Isaac 507 , Carnahan, Magness J - . 315 

Amick, Clyde T. 701 Cavanaugh, John 1'. 3.v;8 

Ainerburn, William C. 445 Clark, A. Lawrence 563 

Clark, John L. 327 

Conlin, James M. 572 

Correll, George \\'. 372 

Backes, Henry 512 Courtney. William H. 699 

Bacon, William J. 436 Covalt, Edgar L. 579 

Banta, Charles A. 452 Crooke, Harry 11. 552 

Barber, Lew W. 541 

Barber, Stanton 590 

Barkley, Nicholas F. 600 

Barley, Thomas F. 489 Dearmin, Walter T. 613 

Barnett, \Villiam W. 710 Dearmin, William 571 

Barr, Robert J. i^T, DeMotte, Jerome, ^L D. 359 

Batchelor, Stephen 11. 535 Dillard, John W. 398 

Bean, Edward W. (,97 iJillon, Franklin D. 505 

Bechtel, .\aron D. 660 Duolin, George W. 412 

Beeker, l.ouda 473 Dyke, George W. 340 

Beiinelt, Michael J. __ 623 

Berens, I'eter (,22 R 

Biddinger, .\ndrew J. _^_ 34' 

Billings, John W. _.. ' 5'S ^-""^^^ ^°^'" 694 

Bonham, Martin L 400 F-<lwards, Joseph 407 

Bowman, Ira E., M D " 610 '•• ""nerling, George 587 

Bowman, Willard " 670 f'-'iglehart, Raymond 716 

Boyd, Samuel C. 339 

Brett, Matthew L. 539 F" 

Buchanan, Rev. Charles H. 329 Faith, Edward C 658 

Burrell, James A 379 Faith, George Alvin ..._ '"" 530 

Bussard, Porter ^.._. 598 Parris, Clifford ... 643 

Buzan, Albert 467 Fitzpatrick, John . 5^1 

Buzan, Elmer 353 Forsythe, Ernest E. 373 


Foust, William C. 414 

l-"raiiklin, Josepli D. _.! 532 

Freshloy, Frederick J., M. D 497 

Fiilkcrson, Alva O. 368 

lyfie, George W. 637 

■ G' :' . ■ ' . . 

Garten, James H. 357 

Gill, James A. 419 

Gillaspie, James \V. 615 

Gilley. James E. 498 

Gilliatt, Ollie 449 

Godwin, George 366 

Golliher, Paul 608 

Greenwood, Arthur IL 523 

Gregory, Franklin S. 426 

Gross, Lawrence C. 569 


Flaag, Andrew - 625 

Ham, William 651 

Haney, Oscar 518 

Harris, Lew 502 

Hastings, Elmer E. 332 

Hastings, John 640 

Hastings, Milton S. 347 

Hastings, h'aris A. 351 

Hayes, Courtland E. 568 

Hayes, Daniel W. 371 

HoUingsworth, Dr. Ernest 712 

Horrall, Leonidas S. 349 

Horrall. Thomas G. 538 

Hyatt, I'lisha 381 

llv.itl. 3o4 


Isenogle, Willard E. 479 


Jackman, David S. 618 

Jepson, Nathaniel H. 656 

Johnson, Alfred E. 374 

Johnson, Luther 397 

Jcjlinson, Marion M. 681 


Keith, Charles W. 529 

Keith, George J. 390 

Keith, Louis W. 633 

Ketchem, Silas M. 692 

Kettery, Joseph E. 456 

Kiefer, William H. 344 

Killion, Albert . 432 

Killion, Ernest E. 411 

Killion, William A. 441 

Killion, Nathan E. 355 

Keller. John 577 

Kramer, h'rank 556 

Kramer, Henry J. 628 


Lane, Alonzo A. 549 

Laughlin, Edgar T. 361 

LaVelle, William A. 653 

Lawyer, John A. 443 

Ledgerwood. Milton B. 647 

Lee, Lester 554 

Lett, Emery 495 

Littell. Charles A. 405 

Lockwood, Aarcm W. 547 

Loughmiller, William E. 421 


McCall, Andrew 481 

McCarter, William H. 661 

McMullen, Frank A. 593 


Mackell, James F. 559, An>ert 672 

Mangin, Frank 574 

Mason, Robert W. 607 

Mattingly, Hon. Ezra 316 

Meade, Alfred D. 626 

Meads, James M. 534 

Meads, Joseph H. 509 

Merriman, Prof. Eugene D. 318 

Meurer. George W. 678 

Mitchell, Ringgold S., M. D 377 

Montgomery, John D. 450 


Morgan, HiiRh 486 

Myers, Daniel I. 477 

Myers, Stephen E. 707 

Myers, Thomas C. 428 

Neal, William H. 582 


O'Bryan, Thomas 4()9 

O'Connor, Edward T. Snj 

Osmon, Austin B. 475 


Peek, Charles E. 588 

Peek, John M. 584 

Poindexter, Henry 472 

Poindexter, Iluette 602 

Porter, lion. James 334 

Pownall, Clarence 677 

Pownall, George W. 663 

Pownall, Theqdore C. 664 


Ragle, Peter 492 

Read, Nathan G. 416 

Reed, William W. 491 

Resler, Thomas E. 665 

Riester, George 714 

Ritter, Benjamin H. 466 

Ritlerskamii, Ernest C. 3')5 

Uoherts, Kelt .\. ('31 

Rosenlmry, Wirtsel V. 4o9 

Rust. James \V. ...^ 642 


Scudder, Charles P., M. D 320 

Scudder, William C. 542 

Sefrit, Charles G. 4(i4 

Shanks, John G. 638 

Shanks, William J. . 519 

Shirley, Mary C. 438 

Sims, Alfred 513 

Sims. John A. 487 

Singleton, Thomas C. 596 

Small, Joseph 575 

Smiley, Roland M., D. D. S. 430 

Smiley, Wilson S. 457 

Smith, Cecil S. 461 

Smith. Edward B. 433 

Smith, John T. 703 

Spencer, John H. 56() 

Stalcup, Stephen 684 

Standiford, A. L. 462 

Stillwell, Jacob C. 595 

Stuckey, Charles L. 536 

Sutherland, William M. 592 

Swann, Silvester 504 

Swinda, William H. 709 


Taylor, James P. 645 

Taylor, Eouis G. 544 

Taylor, Oliver A. 655 

Thias, William 680 

Thomas, Jolin 417 

Todd, George F. 689 


Ulrich, William E. 560 


Vance. Oliver M. 635 

Win Trees, Warren .393 

X'eale. Zadock D. 505 


Wadsworth. Thomas G. 484 

Walker, Oliver 454 

Waller, William S. 385 

Wallick, Oscar M. 648 

Walls, John W. 620 

Weaver, Jacob C. 675 

Weaver, John W. 686 

Weaver, Levi W. 668 


Whisman, Sylvester A. 325 Willinms, William H. 562 

WliiU-, Florian B. 029 Witsman, James 4(j3 

Wichnian, John 402 Wooilliiiy:, Hainan 470 

Willey, Joseph 545 

W'illianis, Adolphus G. 459 Y 

Williams, John Willis 527 Ycniie, Charles H., M. D. 423 




The first white men to set foot upon the Northwest Territory were 
French traders and missionaries under the leadership of La Salle. This was 
about the year 1670 and subsequent discoveries and explorations in this 
region by the Frencli gave that nation practically undisputed possession of 
all the territory organized in 1787 as the Northwest Territory. It is true 
that tlie luiglish colonies of Virginia, Connecticut and Massachusetts claimed 
that their charters extended their grants westward to the Mississippi ri\er. 
However, France claimed this territory ant! successfully maintained posses- 
sion of it until the close of the French and Lidian War in 1763. At that 
time the treaty of Paris transferred all of the French claims east of the 
Mississippi river to England, as well as all claims of France to territory on 
the mainland of North America. For the next twenty years the Northwest 
Territory was under the undis]nited control of England, but became a part 
of the United States by the treaty which terminated the Revolutionary War 
in 1783. Thus the flags of three nations have floated over the territory now 
comprehended within tlie ]M"escnt state of Indiana — the tri-color of France, 
the union jack of England and the stars and stripes of the United States. 

History will record llie fact that there was another nation, iiowever, 
which claimed possession of this territory and, while the Indians can hardly 
be called a >iation, yet they made a gallant fight to retain their hunting 
grounds. The real owners of this territory struggled against heavy odds 
to maintain their supremacy and it was not until the battle of Tipjiecanoe, in 
the fall of iSri, that the Indians gave up the unequal struggle. Tecumseh, 
the Washington of his race, fouglit fiercely to save this territory for his 
people, but the white man finally overwhelmed him, and "Lo, the poor Indian" 
waif pushed westward across the Mississippi. The historv of the Northwest 


Territory is full o\ tlie bitter figlits wliich the Indians waged in trying to drive 
tlie white man out and tlie defeat wliicli the Indians inflicted on general 
St. Clair on Xo\eniber 4, 1792, will go down in the annals of American 
history as the worst defeat which an American army ever suffered at the 
hands of the Indians. The greatest battle -which has ever been fought in the 
United States against the Indians occurred in the state of Ohio. This was 
the Ijattle of Fallen Timbers and occin"red August 20, 1794, the scene of 
the battle being within the present county of Defiance. After the close 
of the Revolutinnary W'ar the Indians, urged on bv the Ilritish, caused the 
settlers in the Northwest Territory continued trouble and defeated every de- 
tachment sent against them previous to their defeat by Gen. .Anthonv Wavne 
at the battle of Fallen Timbers in 1794. Although there was some trouble 
with the Indians after this time, they never offered serious resistance after 
this memorable defeat until the fall of 181 1, when Gen. William Henry Har- 
rison completely routed them at the battle of Tipi)ecanoe. 


Ohio was the first state created out of the old Northwest Territory, 
although Indiana had been previously organized as a territory. When the 
land comprehended within the Northwest Territory was discovered by the 
French under La Salle about 1670, it was a battle ground of various Indian 
tribes, although the Fries, who were located along the shores of Lake Erie, 
were the only ones with a more or less definite territory. From 1670 to 
1763, the close of the French and Indian War, the French were in possession 
of this territory and established their claims in a positive manner by exten- 
sive exploration and scattered settlements. The chief centers of French 
settlement were at l!)etroit, Vincennes, Kaskaskia, Cahokia, Fort Crevecour 
and at several missionary stations around the shores of the great lakes. The 
French did not succeed in doing this without incurring the hostility of the 
Iroquois Indians, a hitter enmity which was brought about chiefly because 
the French helped the_Shawnees, Wyandots and Miamis to drive the Iroquois 
out of the territory west of the Muskingum river in Ohio. 

It must not be forgotten that the Fnglish also laid claim to the North- 
west Territory, basing their claim on the discoveries of the Caliots and the 
subsequent charters of Virginia, Massachusetts and Connecticut. These 
charters e^'tended the limits of these three colonies westward to the Pacific 
ocean, although, as a matter of fact, none of the three colonies made a settle- 
ment west of the Alleghanies until after the Revolutionary War. New York 



sought to Strengthen Iier claim to territory west of the Alleghanies in 1701, 
by getting from the lro(|uois, tlie bitter enemies of the French, a grant to the 
territory from which the bVeucli and llieir Indian aUies had previously ex- 
pelled them. Although this grant was renewed in 1726 and again confirmed 
in 1744, it gave New York only a nominal claim and one which was never 
recognized by the French in any way. 

English traders from Pennsylvania and Virginia began in 1730 to pay 
more attention to the claims of their country west of the Alleghanies and 
north of the Ohio river. When their activities reached the ears of the h'rench 
the governur of hVench Canada sent Celeron de P.ienville up and down the 
Ohio and the rivers and streams running into it from the north and took 
formal possession of the territory by planting lead plates at the mouth of 
every river and stream of any importance. This peculiar method of the 
French in seeking to establish their claims occurred in the year 1749 and 
opened the eyes of England to the necessity of taking some inmiediate action. 
George II, the king of England at the time, at once granted a charter for the 
first Ohio Comj)any (there were two others by the same name later organ- 
ized), composed of Lrjndon merchants and enterprising Virginians, and the 
company at once proceeded to furnuilate plans to secure possession of the ter- 
ritory north of the Ohio and west of the Mississippi. Christopher Gist was 
sent down the Ohio river in 1750 to explore the country as far west as the 
mouth of the Scioto river, and made several treaties with the Indians. Things 
were now rapidly approaching a crisis and it was soon evident that there 
would be a struggle of arms between England and France for the disputed 
region. In 1754 the English started to build a fort at the confluence of the 
Monongahela and Allegheny rivers, on the site of the present city of Pitts- 
burgh, but before the fort was completed the French appeared on the scene, 
firovc the English away and finished tlie fort which had been begun. 

FliKNCII AND INDIAN WAK ( 1 754-63). 

The crisis had finally come. The struggle which followed between the 
two nations ultmiately resulted in the expulsion of the French from the 
mainland of America as well as from the immediate territory in dispute. 
The war is known in America as the French and Indian War and in the 
history of the world as the Seven 'S'ears' \\'ar, the latter designation being 
due tQ the fact that it lasted that lengdi of time. The struggle developed 
into a world-wide conflict and the two nations fought over three continents, 
America, Europe and Asia. It it not within the province of this resume of 


the history of Indiana to go into the details of this memorable struggle. It is 
suftkient for the purpose at hand to state that the treaty of Paris, which 
terminated the war in 1763, left France without any of her former posses- 
sions on the mainland of America. 


With the English in control of America east of the Mississippi river and 
the French regime forever ended, the Indians next command the attention 
of the historian who deals with the Northwest Territory. The French were 
undoubtedly responsible for stirring up their former Indian allies and 
Pontiac's conspiracy must be credited to the influence of that nation. This 
formidable uprising was successfully overthrown by Henry Bouquet, who 
led an expedition in 1764 into the present state of Ohio and compelled the 
Wyandots, Delawares and .Shawnees to sue for peace. 


From 1764 to 1774, no events of particular importance occurred within 
the territory north of the Ohio river, but in the latter year (June 22, 1774), 
England, then at the breaking point with the colonies, passed the Quebec 
act, which attached this territory to the province of Oueijec for administrative 
purposes. This intensified the feeling of resentment which the colonies 
bore against their mother country and is given specific mention in their list 
of grievances which they enumerated in their Declaration of Independence. 
The Revolutionary War came on at once and this act, of course, was never 
put into execution. 

i;i-;\-oi,uiio.NARY I'EKiun (1775-S3). 

During the War for Independence (i 775-1 7S3), the various states with 
claims to western lands agreed with the Continental Congress to surrender 
their claims to the national government. In fact, the Articles of Confedera- 
tion were not signed until all of the states had agreed to do this and Mary- 
land withheld her assent to the articles until March i, 1780, on this account. 
In accordance with this agreement New York ceded her claim to the United 
States in 1780, Virginia in 1784, Massachusetts in 1785 and Connecticut in 
1786, althoivgh the latter state excepted a one-hundred-and-twenty-mile strip 
of three million five hundred thousand acres bordering on Lake Erie. This 


strip ^vas formally relinquished in 1800, with the understanding that the 
United States would guarantee the titles already issued by that stale. Vir- 
ginia was also allowed a reservation, kmnvn as the Virginia Military Dis- 
triet, which lay between the Little Miami and Scioto rivers, the same being 
for distribution among her Revolutionary veterans. There is one other fact 
which shiiuld Ijc menlioned in cnnnection with the territory north of the 
Ohio in the Revululiiniary pericxl. This was the memorable con(|uest of the / 
territory l)y Gen. (ieorge Rogers Clark. During the years 177S and 1779, 
this red(jul)talile leader captured Kaskaskia, Cahnkia and Vincennes and 
thereb)' flro\^e the F.uglish out o\ the Northwest Territory. It is prol.iable 
that this notable campaign secured this territory for the Americans and that 
witlmut it we would not have had it included in our possessions in the treaty 
which closed the Revolutionary War. 


One of the most interesting pages of Tndiruia history is concerned with 
the captuiX' (jI \'incennes by (Jen. (lenrge Rogers ("lark in the spring of 1779. 
Tlie e.xpediliDii of this intrepid leader with its successful results marked him 
as a man of more tlian usual ability. I'rnm])led by a desire to secure the 
territory northwest ol the Ohio river for the Americans, be sought and ob- 
tained permission from the go\erni)r of A'irginia the right to raise a body of 
troops for this purpose. Karly in the spring of 177X Clark began collecting 
bis men fi.'r the proposed c\|iedition. Within a short time he collected about 
one bnndreil and Hit) men at k'ort Pitt and lloaled down the Ohio to the 
falls near JelTi'rsonville. lie picked up a few recruits at this place and in 
June floated on down the ri\er to the mouth of tlie Tennessee ri\er. His 
(original intention wa'^ to nial;e a ile-ceut on \''incemie-^ first, but, lia\ ing re- 
cei\ed II loiitiiUs repoils a,-, lo ibe .sireugth of the garri.'-ou lualed there, he 
decitled to commence active opn-ations at Kask'askia. After landing bis 
troops near the monlh of ibc 'I'ennessee in the laltc'r part of |une, i^/"/'^. be 
marcbeii tliem across southern Illinois to K'askaskia, arri\-ing there on the 
e\'ening of July .\. The inbabilanls were terror stricken at fn-st, but u])on 
being assNU'ed l.)\' ( iiiieral they were in no danger and that all he 
wanted was for tliern to giw their sn|)piirt to the Ameiacan cause, their fears 
were soon f|m'eled. 1 Icing so far from the scene of the war. the I'^rench 
along the Mississi])pi knew liitle or nothing about its ]irogress. One of\the 
most important factors in estalilisbing a friendly relation lietween the .Viner- 
icans and the French inhabitants was the hearty willingness of Fatlier Cibault, 


the Catholic priest stationed at Kaskaskia, in making his people see that their 
best interests would be served b\' aligning themselves with the Americans. 
Father Gibault not only was of in\alnal)lc assi^lauce to General Clark at 
Kaskaskia, but he also offered to make the overland trip to Vincennes and 
win o\-er the l'"rench in that i)lace to the American side. This he successfully 
ditl and returned to Kaskaskia in August with the welcome news that the 
inhabitants of Vincennes were willing to gi\e their allegiance to the , 

Plowever, before Clark got his troops together for the trip to Vincennes, 
General Hamilton, the lieutenant-governor of Detroit, descended the Wabash 
and captured Vincennes (December 15, 1778). At that time Clark had only 
two men stationed there, Leonard Helm, who was in command of the fort, 
and a private l:>y the name of Henry. As soon as Clark heard that the British 
had capturei.l \'incennes, he began to make plans for retaking it. The terms 
of enlistment of many of his men had expired and he had dilliculty in getting 
enciugh of them to re-enlist to make a body large enough to make a successful 
attack. ;\ numljer of young Frenchmen joined his command and finally, in 
January, 1779. Clark set out from Kaskaskia for Vincennes with one hundred 
and seventv men. This trip of one hundred sixty miles was made at a time 
when traveling overland was at its worst. 'J'lic ])rairies were wet, the 
streams were swollen and the rivers overflowing their lirniks. Xolwithsland- 
ing the difliculties wdiich c<in fronted him and his men, Clark ad\-anced rapidly 
as possible and by Feljruary 23, 1779, he was in front of \'incennes. Two 
days later, after considerable parleying and after the fort had suffered from 
a murderous fire from the Americans, Genera! Idamilton agreed to surrender. 
This marked the end of British dominion in Indiana and ever since that dav 
the territory now comiirehended in the state has Ijeen American soil. 


Historians have never agreed as to the date of the founding of Vin- 
cennes. The local historians of that city have always claimed that the 
settlement of the town dates from 1702, although those who have examined 
all the facts and documents have come to the conclusion that 1732 comes 
nearer to being the correct date. It was in the latter year that George Wash- 
ington was born, a fact which impresses upon the reader something of the age 
of the city. Vincennes was an old town and had seen several generations 
pass away wdien the Declaration of Independence was signed. It was in 
Vincennes and vicinitv that the best blood of the Northwest Territory was 


found at the time of the Revolutiuiiary War. It was made the seat of justice 
of Knox county when it was organized in 1790 and consequently it is by 
many years the oldest county seat in the state. It became the first capital of 
Indiana Territory in 1800 and saw it removed to Corydon in 1813 for the 
reason, so the Legislature said, that it was too near the outskirts of civiliza- 
tion. In this oklest city of the Mississippi valley still stands the house into 
which Go\ernor Harrison moved in 1804, and the house in which the Terri- \ 
torial Legislature held its sessions in 1805 is still in an excellent state of 

Today \'incennes is a thriving city of fifteen thousand, with paved 
streets, street cars, fine public Ixiildings and public utility plants equal to any 
in the state. It is the seat of a university which dates back more than a 
century. " 


The next period in tlie history of the territory north of the Ohio begins 
with the i>assage of a congressional act (i\lay 20, 17S5), which provided for 
the present system of land surveys into townships six miles sciuarc. As soon 
as this was put into operation, settlers — and mostly Revolutionary soldiers — 
began to pcjur into the newly sur\eyed territory. A second Ohio Company 
was organized m the spring of ijSi'i, made up chiefly of Revolutionary 
officers and soldiers from New luigland, and this company proposed to estab- 
lish a state somewhere between Lake Erie and the Ohio river. At this junc- 
ture Congress realized that definite steps should lie made at once for some 
kind of government over this extensive territory, a territory which now in- 
cludes the present slates of ( )hio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin and 
about a third of Mimiesota. \''arious jilans were proposed in Congress and 
most of the sessions of 1786 and the first half of 1787 were consumed in 
living to formulate a suitable form of government for the extensive terri- 
torv. 'fbe result of all these deliberations resulted in the famous Ordinance 
of 1787, which was finally jtassed on July 13. 1787. 


There have been many volumes written about this instrument of gov- 
ernment and to this day there is a difference of opinion as to who was its 
author. The jtreseut article can i\o no more than merely sketch its outline 
and set forth tiie main provisions. It was intended to provide only a tein- 
jiorary government and to serve until such a time as the population of the 



territory would warrant the creation of states with the same rights and 
I3rivileges which the thirteen original states enjoyed. It stipulated that not 
less than three nor more than five states should ever be created out of the 
whole territory and the maximum numljer was iinally organized, although it 
was not until 1848 that the last state, Wisconsin, was admitted to the Union. 
The third article, "Religion, morality and knowledge being necessary to good 
government and the happiness of mankind, schools and the means of educa- 
tion shall forever be encouraged," has given these five states the basis for 
their excellent system of public schools, state normals, colleges and uni- 
versities. Probably the most widely discussed article was the si.xlh, wliicii pro- 
vided that slavery and involunlary servitude should never be permitted within 
the territory and by the use of the word "forever" made the territory free 
for all lime. It is interesting to note in this connection that both Indiana 
and Illinois before their admission to tiie Um'on sought to have this pro- 
vision set aside, but every petition from the two states was refused by Con- 
gress in accordance with the provision of the Ordinance. 


The ordinance contemplated two grades of territorial government. 
Diu'ing the operation of the first grade oi go\ernment the governor, his secre- 
tary and the three judges [irmided liy the ordinance were tw be appointed Liy 
Congress aiul the go\'erncir in turn -was to ap|.)oint "such magistrates and 
oilier civil oflicers in each county and town^liip .as he shall deem necessary 
lor the [jreservation of tiie peace and .Ljood will of (lie same." j\fter the 
federal government was organized a statutory provisi'm look- the appoint- 
ment of these officers out of the iiands of Congress and [ihiced it in the bands 
of the President of the United .'states. All executi\'e ruitborilv was given 
lo the L;o\ei-nor. all jiicbci.d aulbority lo the lliree judge.--, while the go\-ernor 
and judge-;, in joint session, constituled ihe le,L;islal i\e body. This means 
tliat during the first stage of territorial government the peo])le Iiad absolutely 
no voice in the .affairs of government and this state of ali'airs lasted until 
1700, a ])eriod of twelve years. 


The second sl:i,L;e of gmernmenl in the territory was to begin wbeiie\'er 
the governor was s.ati.sfied there were at least fwc thousaiul free male 
inhaliitants of the age of twentv-one and a!jo\'e. 1"lie main difference be- 


twecn iliL- lirst and seccnid statues of territorial grj\crninent lay in the fact 
that the k-C'islati\e functions were taken frcmi the governor and judges and 
gixen to a "general assembly ur legislature." The ortllnance provided for 
the election of one rcpresentatiNe for each five lunidi'ed free male inhabitants, 
the tenure of the ull'ice t') be Iwo )-ears. \\ hik- the memljers of the lower 
house were to be ek'cted b}' the qualirie<l voters of tlie territory, the upper 
house, to consist of live meml)ers, were to be appointed by Congress in a 
somewhat c<;iinplicaled manner. Tlie house of reiiresentatives was to select 
ten men and these ten names were to be sent to Cnngress and nni of this 
ninnber fu'e were to be selected b_\' Congress. This provision, lik"c the ap- 
pointment of the g(j\X'rnor, \vas later changed so as to make the upper house 
the app'iinlees of the I'resident ni" the Uniteil States. The fue men so selected 
were called councilfirs and ludd nfhce foi' li\'e vears. 

INDI.NN STKLm;C.LKS ( I7S7-1803). ' • 

The period 17S7 t^ I .'^o,:; in the Xwrthwest 'I'erritory was marked 
by several bitter conllicts with the Imlians. juM as at the close of the French 
and Indian War li:id the k'reucb stirred up the Indians against the Americans, 
so at the cl'ise ni the l\e\ ohuinnary War did the bjiglish do the same. In 
fact the War of iXij was undoubtedly hastened by the depredations of the 
Indians, wlio were urged to make forays upon the frontier settlements in the 
Northwest Territory liy the liritish. The various uprisings of the Indian.-^ 
during this critical period greatU' retarded the inllu.K of settlers in the new 
territor\ , and ^vere a constant menace to those liardv jjioneers wIki did ven- 
ture to establisli liomes north of the Cjbio river. Three distinct campaigns 
were w.aged against the savages before tlie\' were hually sulxlued. '1 Ik; first 
camiiaign was under the command of (ieii. Josiah llaianar (i/')o) and re- 
.vidted in a decisive defeat for the whiter. I'be •-ecoii,] e\]iedition was under 
the leailer>bip of ( ieu. ,\rtbui- St. t'lair ( 170I ), the governor of the Territory, 
and was m.arked bv one of the wijrst defeats ever suffei-ed liy an American 
army ;it the bands of the Indians. .A lack of knowledge of Indian methods 
of warfare, combined with n-ckless mismanagement, -nl'liciently aceounls for 
both disasters. It remained for (ien. Anthouv Wayne, the ".Mad Anthony" / 
of Ivevolutiouarv fame, to bring the Indians to terms. The battle nf kalleii 
Timliers, which closed his cam]);iign against the Indians, was fought .August 
20, 170 1. on the Mauinee ri\-er within the present county of Defiance county, 
Ohio. This crushing defeat of the Indians, a rout in which tlicy lost twelve 
out of tin'rteen chiefs, was so Complete that the Indians were glad to sue for 


])(.-ace. Oil June in. 1705, delegate's from the various Jndiau tribes, lieaded 
Li\' tlieir respecti\'e chiels, met at Llreen\'ille, Ohio, to formulate a treaty. A 
treaty was liually eonsuuimated on August 3, and was signed by General 
\\'a)-ne on behalf of the L'uiteil States and by" ninety ehiefs and delegates of 
twebe interested trilies. This treaty was faithfully kept by the Indians and \ 
e\'er afterwards Utile Tin-tie, the real leader of the Indians at that time, 
was a true friend (jf the whites. While Uiere were se\'eral sporadic forays 
iin the part of the Indians up to 181 1, there wasyio battle of any im[iortance 
■with them until the battle of Tippecanoe in the fall of iSii. 


The first governor of the newly organized territory was Gen. Artliuri 
St. Clair, a gallant soldier of the Rexolution, who was appointed on October \ 
5, 1787, and ordered to report for dut_\- on the first of the folluwing February. 
He held the office until November 22, 1802, when he was dismissed by Presi- 
dent JetYerson "for the disorganizing spirit, and tendency of every example, 
violating the rules of cnnduct enjoined by his public station, as displayed in 
his address to the conxeiitiijii." The go\ernor's duties were performed by 
his secretary, Charles W. jiyrd, until ]\Iarch i, 1803, when the state oll'icials 
took their office. The first judges appointed were Samuel Jbjldeii ['arsons, 
James i\Iitcliell X'arnuin and John ArmstriJiig. IJefore the time came for 
the judges tu (pia!if\-, Arm>tr(jng resigned and John Ckwes Synimes was ap- 
pointed in his place. 1'lie first secretary \vas Winlhrop Sargent, who held 
the position until he was appointed governor of INlississipjii Territory by the 
] 'resident on May 2, 1798. Sargent was succeeded by William Henry Har- 
rison, who was appcjinted by the President on June 26, 1798, and confined 
by the Senate two days later. Harrison was later elected as the first dele- 
gate (if the organized Northwest Territory to Congress and the President 
ilien aiipoinietl Charles Willing I'yrd as secretary oi the 'ferritory, R^-rd's 
a^jpoiiilineiit being conhrmed by the Senate on iJecember 31, 1799. 


The Northwest Territory remained under the government of the first 
stage until September i6, 1799, when it formally advanced to the second or 
representative stage. In the summer of 1798 Governor St. Clair had ascer- 
tained that the territory had a population of at least five thousand free male 
inhabitants anil, in accordance with the provisions of the Ordinance of 1787, 


was ready to make (he chaiiL;e in its form uf g(.)veniinent. On October _'g, 
1798, the g(.ivenior issued a prcjclaniation to the (lualilled voters of the terri- 
tory directing thvni to ch(jose nienil)ers for the lower house of the territorial 
Legislature at an election to he held. on the third Monday of the following 
December. The twenty-two nieniliers so elected met on January lO, 1799, 
and, pursuant to the provisions of the ordinance, selected the ten men from 
whom the President of the United States later chose live for the Legislative 
Council. They then adjourned to meet on September 16, 1799, but since 
there was not a (juorum on that day tney held adjourned sessions until the 
23rd, at which time a (|uorum was present. 

At the time the change in the form of government went into effect there 
were onlv nine counties in the whole territory. These counties had been 
organized either by the governor or his secretary. The following tabic gives 
the nine counties organized before 1799 with the dates of their organrzation 
and the number of legislators proportioned to each by the governor: 

Date of Number of 

County. Organization. representatives. 

Washington July 27, 17S8 2 

Hamilton January 4, 1790 7 

St. Clair April 27, 1790 1 

Knox Jnne 20, 1790 1 

Randolph Octobers, 1795 .1 

Wayne .\ugust 6, 1796 3 

.Adams Jnl.v 10, 1797 2 

Jefferson July 29, 1797 1 

Ross .August 20, 1798 \ ri'Ki;rroi;i \i. i.i:(,isi. \Tri;v: of xoKriiwrsr tkkritokv. 

The twenty-two representatives and five councilors were the first rep- 
resentative body to meet in the Northwest Territory and they represented a 
constituency scattered over a territory of more than two hundred and sixty- 
five thousand square miles, an area greater than Germany or France, or even 
Austria-IIungarv. It would be interesting to tell something of the delibera- 
tions of these twcntv-seven sterling pioneers, but the limit of the present 
article forliids. It is necessary, however, to make mention of one important 
thing which they did in view of the fact that it throws much light on the 
sul)sequent history of the Northwest Territory. 



Tlie Legislcilure was authorized to elect a delegate to Congress and two 
candidates tor tiie honor presented their names to the Legislature, William 
IJenry Harrison and Arthur St. Clair, Jr., the son of the governor. The 
Legislature, Iiy a joint ballot on October 3, 1799, elected Ilarrison by a vote 
of eleven to ten. The defeat of his son undoubtedly had considerable to do 
with the subsequent estrangement which arose between the governor and his 
legislature and incidentally hastened the division of the Northwest Terri- 
U'vy. Within two years from the time the territory had advanced to the 
second stage of goxerniuent the division had'taken jjlace. On ]\lay 7, iSod, 
Congress jiassed an act ilividing the Northwest Territory by a line drawn 
from the niuuth (jf the Kentucky river to I'^ort Recovery, in Mercer county)v 
Ohio, and thence due uurth to the boundary line between the United States 
and Canada. Governor St. Clair favored the division because he thought it 
would delay the organizalirjn of a slate and thus give him a longer lease on 
his positiiiii, but he did not favor the division as finally determined. He was 
Constantly grow iu,i^ in disfavor with the people on account of his overbearing 
manner and lie felt that he would get rid of some of his bitterest enemies if 
the western inhabitants were set off into a new territorw However, the 
most of the credit for the division must be given to Harrison, who, as a dele- 
gate to Congress, was in a position to have the most inlluence. .Harrison also 
was satisfied that in case a new territnry should be formed he would be ap- 
pointed its first go\'ernor and he was not disappointed. The territorv west 
of the line above mentioned was immediately organized and designated as 
Indiana Territory, while the eastern ])ortion retained the existing govern- 
ment mmI the old name — Norlhwe'>t Territory. It is frequently o\'erlook-ed 
that ihe Xorthwest 'i'erriiory exi-ied in I'.ict and in name up until .March i, 

ci'.NSiis 111' .NOKruwi'sr rianjriom' in 1800. 

'I'he divisii'ii of i Son left the NorUiwest 'l\rritory with onl)- about one- 
third (jf ils original are.a. The census of llie terrilory taken liv the United 
States go\enunenl in I Soo showed it (o b.ave a total population of fort\>--tl\e 
thousand three hundred and slxty-fiw, which fell short liy about fifteen (liou- 
sand of being snificient foi- tlie creation of a state as provided by the Ordi- 
nance of 17<'^7, wliich i'lxed the mininuim popul.ition at si.xty-thousand. The 
counties lei'l in the Norlbwest Territor)', wuli their respective population. 

DAVJKSS C'Or/NTV, lSI)t\>IA. ^^ 

are «ct forth in (lif: aiipciKlcd faldc, all of wliirli were witliin (lie pre ent Male 
of Ohio, except Wayne ; 

A'larnn 3,43-^ 

/ lainilton '4A32 

Jefferson 8,766 

lOm 8,540 

Truinhill i,302 

Washington » . 5.42/ 

Wayne ^,2(j6 

''■"'''' - 45»3'''5 

The ix/i;ulatioii as class! fie/l by the ccnsu.s with respect to age anrj scx i« 
interesting aii'l jiartindarly w> in showing that aitmi\<-r.\\i\y more than one- 
Ihinl of the total populalion were rhildnrti uu<U:r ten years of age. 

Males, l/'cniales, 

W^hiles up to ten years of age 9/3'^^ 8,644 

Whitei from te>i 10 ,sixteen 3>'^47 3'3i3 

Whites from hixtacti to twenty-six 4/>3^ 3.^6/ 

Whiles from twtiity-six to forty-five.. 4,833 3.342 

Whites fr/rty-fivc anri upward ^«>55 ^.395 

'•''ta' 24.433 2^595 

Total of hoth wrxes 45/^28 

Total of other persons, not fn'lians ^37 

firand total '. 45.3''5 

The alxive table show* in rlctail the character and <liiitri\)ulifm of the 
p'^pulalion of the .N'orthwest 'J'erritory after the rli vision of tH4)f>, Jt is at 
this i>oint that the hhUfty of Indiana pr^^jerly lx;gius and it i» |x;rlinent to set 
forth with as much detail as j^'/ssiblc tijc \tt>\in\ni\on of Indiana Territory at 
that tijne. The jx^^ulation of 5,641 was grou|>«l alK/ut a rl/>/,efi or r»v>rc 
gettlcmcnts .scatterc/1 at wi'Ie int<-rvals through'/ut the territory. The follow- 
ing table gives the *c-ttletncnts in fndiana Territory in i8x^j with their rc- 
sjiectivc number of inhabitants:^ 


Mack'inaw, in norlhern Miciiii^an 251 

(jrcen IJa)-, \\'iscon»in 50 

i'rairie du Chien, Wisconsin 65 

Caliokia, Monroe connly, Illinois 719 

ISelle J'"ontaine, Monroe county, Illinois 2S6 

L'Aigle, St. Clair county, Illinois 2SO 

Kaskaskia, Randolph county, IIlin(jis 467 

I'rairie du Koclier, Kandnlph county, lllinnis 212 

.Settlement in Mitchel township, Randnlph county, 111 334 

I Fort Massac, southern Illinois 90 

Clark's Grant, Clark' Cduntv', Indiana 929 

Vincennes, Knox C(iunl\', Indiana 714 

Vicinity of Vincennes (traders and trappers) 819 

leaders and tra])pers at Ouitenon and Fort Wayne 155 

Fur traders, scattered alnni^' the lakes 300 

Of this total population ni nearly six thousand, it was about equally 
di\'ided between what is unw Indiana and Illinois. There were one hun- 
dred and sixty-three free ne.gmes reported, while there were one Inmdred and 
thirty-h\'e sla\'es of color. Undoubtedly, this census of 1800 failed to give 
all of the slave po|)ulation, and it is interesting to note that there were efforts 
to enslave the Indian as well as the negro. 

All of these settlements with the exception of the one in Clark's Grant 
were largely French. The settlement at Jeffersonville was made in large 
part by soldiers of the Revolutionary War and was the only real American 
settlement in the Indiana Territory when it was organized in 1800. 


The govermneul of Indiana Territory was formally organized July 4, 
1800, and in a large book kept in the secretary of state's office at Indianapolis, 
there appears in the large legible hand of John Gibson the account of the first 
meeting of the officials of the Territory. It reads as follows : 

"St. Vincennes, July 4, 1800. This day the government of the Indiana 
Territory commenced, William Flenry Harrison having been appointed 
governor, John Gibson, secretary, William Clarke, Henry Vanderburgh & 
John Griffin Judges in and over said l^rritory." 

Until Governor Harrison appeared at Vincennes. his secretary, John 
Gibson, acted as governor. The first territorial court met March 3, 1801, 


tlie first meeting uf the governor ami jiulges liaving begun cm the I2th of llie 
prece<hng January. The gm'ernor and judges, in accordanee with the i)ro- 
visions of the Ordinance of 17N7, cuntinued to ])erforni all legislative and 
judicial functicins of the terrilury until it was ad\'anced to the representative 
stage of government in iSOt. The governor had sole executive power and 
appiiinted all oflieials, territnrial and count)'. 


Muring this jierind from iSiui tu 1803, the territory of Indiana was con- 
siderahly augmented as result of the organization of the state of Ohio in 
1803. At that date Ohio was gi\en its present territorial limits, and all of 
the rest i:)f the Northwest Territory was included within Indiana Territory 
from this date until 1S05. During this interim Loui^iana was divided and 
the ncjrthern part was attached to Indiana Territory for pm-pose.s of ci\il and 
criminal jurisdiction. This was, howexer, only a temporary arrangement, 
which lasted only about a }'ear after the purchase of Louisiana from France. 
The next change in the limits of Indiana Territor\' occurred in 1805, in 
which year the territory of Michigan was set off. The southern line of 
JNiichigan was made tangent to the soiuhern extreme of Lake jMichigan, and 
it so remained until Indiana was admitted to the Union in 1.S16. From 1S05 
to 1S09 Indiana included all of the present states of Indiana, Illinois, Wiscon- 
sin and about one-third of Minnesota. In the latter year Illinois was set olT 
as a territory and Indiana was left with its present limits with the exception 
of a ten-mile strip along the northern boundary. This strip was detached 
from Michigan and this subsecpiently led to friction between the two states, 
which was not settled until the United States government gave Michigan a 
large tract of land west of Lake Michigan. Thus it is seen how Indiana has 
received its present bouiidarv limits as the result ol the successive changes 
in 1N03, 1N03, 1809 and 1816. 

SFXOND .stai;k of teuritokiai. govkknmf.x't ( 1805-1S16.) 

The Ordinance of 1787 provide<l that whenever the population of the 
territory reached five thousand free male inhabitants it should pass upon the 
question of advancing to the second or representative stage. Governor Har- 
rison issued a proclamation August 4, 1804, directing an election to be held 
in the various counties of Indiana territory on the iith of the following 
month. In the entire territory, then comprehending six counties, there were 


only tliree humlred and ninety-one \-otes cast. 'IMie following table gives 
the result of this election: 

County. For Advance. Against Advance. Total. 

Clark 33 13 48 

Dearborn o 26 26 

Knox 163 12 175 

Randolph 40 21 61 

St. Clair 22 59 Si 

Wayne 00 o 

Total 260 131 391 

It will Ijc noticed that there is no vote returned from Wayne and this is 
accounted fur b)' the fact that the proclamation notifying the sheriff was not 
received in time to give it the proper advertisement. Wayne county at that 
lime included practically ;dl of the ]iresent state of Michigan and is not to 
be confused with the Wayne cnunly later f(_)rmed wnthin the present limits of 
Indiana. As result of this electinn and its majority of one bmulreil and 
twenty-nine in fa\'or of achancing Id the second stage of go\'ernment, the 
guvernor issued a pruclamation calling fur an election nn January 3, 1805, of 
nine representati\es, the ^-anie being propurtioned to the counties as follows: 
\\':i\'ne, three; l\no.\, two; Dearlxirn, triarl';, Raiiddlph and St. Clair, one 
each. The members of the lirst territorial legislature ni Indiana convened 
at Vincennes on July 21), 1805. The members of the Imuse were as follows: 
Dr. Ceorge l''isher, of Randolph; William Biggs and Shadrach Bond, of St. 
t'lair; llenjamin ] 'arke and John Johnson, of Knox; l.)a\'ih Floyd, of Clark, 
and Jesse M. Thomas, of Dearborn. This gives, however, ciulv seven repre- 
sentatives, \\\'i\ue eoimu b:i\ ing been sel off a^ the ferri(or\' of Michigan 
in tile .--piing of ibis s,-uiie year. A re-apportionment was made l)_v the 
governor in order to bring the quota of representatix'es up to the required 

The Legislative Council consisted of five men as ]n-ovided by the Oriliu- 
ance of 17S7, namely: Benjamin Chambers, of Dearborn; Samuel Gwath- 
mey, of Clark; John Rice Jones, of Knox; Pierre Afenard, of Randolph, and 
John Hay, of St. iTiir. It is not ]iossible in this connection to give a detailed 
history of the territory of Indiana from 7S05 until its admission to the l^nion 
in iSiTi. Iveiiders who wish to make a study of our st.ate's history can find 
voliunes which will treat the hislor\' of the state in a much better manner 


tlian is possilile in a xolunic ol' ihis character. It may be noted that there 
were five general^;i^.seniljhes uf the Territorial LcLjislature during this period 
of eleven years. Each one of the five general asseuiljlies was divided into 
two sessions, which, with the dates, are given in the appended talile : 

First General Assenil.ily — First session, July 29, 1805; second session, 
November 3, 1806. 

Second General Assembly — First session, August 12, 1807; second 
session, Septemljer 26, 1808. 

Third General Assembly — First session, No\'ember 12, iSio; second 
session, November 12, 181 1. 

Fourth General /\ssemlily — First session, February i, 1S13; second 
session, December 6, 1813. 

Fifth General Assembly — I'irst session, August 15, 1814; second session, 
December 4, 1815. 


Indiana Territory was allowed a delegate in Congress from 1805 until 
the close of the territorial ijcridd. The lirst three delegates were elected by 
the Territorial Legislature, while the last four were elected by the Ciualified 
voters of the territory. The llr^t delegate was iJenjamin Parke, who was 
elected to succeed himself in 1807 over John Rice Jones, Waller Ta3'Ior and 
Shadracli liond. Parke resigned March i, 1808, to accept a seat on the 
supreme judiciary of Indiana Territory, and remained on the supreme bench 
of Jndian;i after it was admitted to the Unirm, holding the position until his 
death at Salem, Indiana, July 12, 1835. Jesse Pj. Thomas was elected Octo- 
lier 22, 180N, to succeed J'arke as delegate to Congress. Tt is this same 
Thomas who came to P.rook\ille in 180S with Amos Putlcr. lie was a 
trick)', shift \', and, so his enemies said, an unscru[)uIous politician. .He was 
later elected tn Congress in Illinois and became the author of the Missouri 
Compromise. Jn the spring of 1809 the inhabitants of the territory were 
permitted to cast their lirst vote for the delegate to Congress. Three candi- 
dates presented themselves for the considei'ation of thcPvoters, Jonathan 
Jennings, I'homas l\andoI[)h rmd John Johnson. There were only four 
counties in the state at this time, Kno.x, Harrison, Clark and Dearborn. Two 
counties, St. Clair and Randolph, were a part of the new territory of Illinois, 
which was cut off from Indiana in tjie spring of 1809. The one newspaper 
of the territory waged a losing light against Jennings, the latter appealing for 


support on the ground of his anti-slavery views. The result of the election 
was as follows: Jenniiigs, 428; Randolph, 402; Johnson, Si. Jonathan 
Jennings may be said to he the first successful politician produced in Indiana. 
His congressional career began in 1S09 and he was elected to Congress four 
successive terms before 1816. He was presitJent of the constitution conven- 
tion of 1816, first governor of the state and was elected a second time, but 
resigned to go to Congress, where he was sent for four more terms by the 
voters of his district. 


The Ordinance of 1787 specifically provided that neillier slavery nor any 
voluntary servitude should ever exist in the Northwest Territory. Notwith- 
standing this prohibition, slavery actually did exist, not only in the North- 
/ west Territory, but in the sixteen years while Indiana was a territor_\' as well. 
The constitution of Indiana in 1S16 expressly forbade slavery and yet the 
census of 1S20 reported one hundred and ninety slaves in Indiana, which 
was only forty-seven less than there was in 1810. Most of these slaves were 
held in the southwestern counties of the state, there being one hundred and 
eighteen in Knox, thirty in Gibson, eleven in Posey, ten in Vanderburg and 
the remainder widely scattered throughout the state. As late as 1817 Frank- 
lin county scheduled slaves for taxation, listing them at three dollars each. 
The tax schedule for 181 3 says that the property tax on "horses, town lots, 
servants of color and free males of color shall be the same as in 1814." 
Franklin county did not return slaves at tlie census of 1810 or 1820, but the 
above extract from the commissioners' record of Franklin county proved con- 
clusively that slave.? were held there. Congress was petitioned on more 
than one occasion during the territorial period to .set aside the prohibition 
against slavery, but on each occasion refu.sed to assent to the ap]ieal of the 
slavery atlvocates. \Vhile the constitutiim convention of 1816 was in session, 
there was an attempt made to introduce slavery, but it failed to accomplish 


The United States government bought from the Indians all of the land 
within the present state of Indiana with the exception of a small tract around 
Vincennes, which was given by the Indians to the inhabitants of the town 
about the middle of the eighteenth century. The first purchase of lanrl was 
made in 1795, at which time a triangular strip in the southeastern part of the 


State was secured by the treaty of Grceiu'ille. \'>y tlio time Indiana was ad- 
iiiitteil to the Union in iSi'^i, the following tracts had been purchased: Vin- 
cennes tract, J-dne 7, 1S03; Vincenncs treaty tract, August iS and 27, 1804; 
Grouseland tract, August 21, 1S05; Harrison's purcliase, September 30, 1S09; 
Twelve-mile purchase, September 30, 1809. 

No more purchases were ninde from the Indians until the fall of 1S18, 
at which time a large tract of land in the central part of tUe slate was pur- 
chased from the hulians. This tract included all of the land north of the 
Inflian Ixmndary lines of 1805 and 1809, and south of the Wabash ri\-er with 
the exception (jf what was known as the ]\liami reservation. This treaty,' 
known as St. Mar\''s, was finally signed on (October 6, 1818, and the next 
Legislature proceeded to divide it into two counties, Wabash and Delaware. 


As fast as the population would warrant, new counties were established 
in this New Turchase and Hamilton county \vas tlie tenth to Ije so organized. 
This county was created by the legislali\'e act of January 8, 1823, and began 
its formal career as an independent comity on the 7th of the following April. 
For purposes of reference, a list of the counties organized up until 1823, 
when Hamilton county was establislied, is here appended. The dates given 
represent the time when the orgrmization of the count}' became effective, since 
in many instances it was from a few months to as much as seven years after 
the act establishing the county Avas passed before it became effective. 

1. Knox June 20, 1790 15. Orange Feb. i, 1816 

2. Clark Feb. 3, 1801 16. Sullivan Jan. 15, 1817 

3. Dearl)orn Mch. 7, 1803 17. Jennings Feb. i, 1817 

4. Harrison Dec. 1, 180S 18. Pike Feb. 

5. Jeft'erson Feb. i, i8ii 19. Daviess Feb. 

6. I'ranklin Feb. i, iSii 20. Dubois Feb. 

7. VVavne Feb. i, 1811 21. Spencer Feb. 

8. Warrick Apr. i, 1813 22. Vanderburgh Feb. 

9. Gibson Apr. i, 1813 23. Vigo Feb. 

10. \\'ashington Jan. 17, 1S14 24. Crawford Mch. 

11. Switzerland Oct. i, 1814 25. Lawrence Mch. 

12. Posey Nov. i, 1814 2h. Monroe Apr. 10, 1818 

13. Perry Nov. i, 1814 27. Ripley Apr. 10, 1818 

14. Jackson Jan. i, 1816 28. Randolph Aug. 10, 1818 






18 18 




I Si 8 






Owen Jan. 

Fayette Jan. 

Floyd I'dj. 

Scott Feb. 

Afartin Feb. 

Union Feb. 

Greene Feb. 

I, 1 8 19 38. 

1, 18 19 39, 

2, 1 81 9 40. 
r, 1820 41. 
I, 1820 42. 
r, 182 1 43. 
5. ^^21 44. 

Bartliolomew Feb. 12, 1821 45. Alontgomery Afch 

Parke Apr. 2, 1821 46. FTamilton Apr 


Decatur Mch. 

Siielby Apr. 

Rush Apr. 

Marion Apr. 

Pntnani Apr. 

Henry June 

Feb. 15, 1822 

4, 1822 

I, 1822 

I, 1822 

I, 1S22 

r, 1822 

I, 1822 

I, 1823 

7. 1823 

The first tiiirteen counties in the above Hst were all that were organized 
when the territory of Indiana petitioned Congress for an enabling act in 1815. 
Tiiey \\ere in the southern part of the state and had a total population of 
sixty-three thousand eight hundred and ninety-seven. At that time the total 
state tax was (mly aljont live thdusand dollars, while the assessment of the 
whole stale in r8j6 anionnted to only six ihuusand forty-three dollars and 
tliirt_\--six cents. 


The Constitution of 1816 was framed by fort\'-three delegates who met 
at Corydon from June 10 to June 29 of that year. It was provided in the 
Constitution of I(8j6 that a vote might be taken every twelve years on the 
ijuestion of amending, revising or wriling a wholly new instrument of gov- 
ernment. Although several efl'orts were made to hold constitution conven- 
tions between 1816 and 1850, the vote failed each time until 1S48'. Elections 
were held iii 1823, 1828, 1840 and 1846, but each time there was returned 
an ad\'erse \'Ote against the calling of a constitutional convention. There were 
110 aiueiulmcnts lo llic 181(1 Coiisliiui ion. allhongh the re\ision of 1824, by 
I'lenjannii I'arke and others was sei thorough that it was said that the revision 
committee had done as much as a constitution convention could have done. 

It was not until 1848 that a successful vote on the question of calling a 
constitution convention was carried. 'Idierc were many reasons__\vhich in- 
duced the people of the state to favor a con\'ention. Among these may be 
mentioned the following: The old Constitution provided that all the state 
(illicers except the governor and licutenant-go\-ernor should be elected by the 
legislature. Many of the county and township officers were appointed by 
the county commissioners. Again, the old Constitution attempted to handle 
too many matters of local concern. All divorces from 1816 to 1851 were 


granted by the ].cgislatiire. Special laws were passed wdiich would apply to 
particular counties and e\en to particular townsln'iis in the county. If Nobles- 
ville wanted an alley vacated or a street closed, it had to appeal to the Legis- 
lature for periiHS'sion to do so. I i a man wantctl to ferry people across a 
stream in Posey county, his representative presented a bill to the Legislature 
asking that the proiiosed fen-\'inan be gi\en permission to ferry people across 
the stream. The agitation for free schools attracted the support of the edu- 
eatetl people of the slate, and most (.)f the newspapers were outspoken in their 
ach'ocacy of better educational privileges. 'Jdie desire for better schools, for 
freer representation in the selection of officials, for less interference by the 
Legislattu'e in Icical affairs, led to a desire on the part of majority of the 
people of the state for a new Constitution. 

The second constitutional convention of Indiana met at Indianapolis, 
Octiiber 7, i8'50, ami continued in session fi3r loiu" niijntlis. The one hun- 
dred and fifty ilelegates labored faithfully to give the state a Constitution 
full}' al>reast of the times and in accordance with the best ideas of the day. 
Alore [lower was gi\en the people by all(:)\ving them to select not only all of 
the state oliicials, but also their county ollicers as well. The convention of 
1850 took a decided stand against the negro and proposed a referendiun on 
the question of prohibiting the further emigration of negroes into the state 
of Indiana. The subsequent vc.te un this question showed that the people 
were not disposed to tolerate the colored race. As a matter of fact no negro 
or mulatto could legally come into Indiana from 1S52 until 18S1, when the 
restriction was reiiKJved by an amendment of the Constitution. Another 
important feature of the new Constitution was the provision for free schools. 
What we now know as a public school supported at the expense of the state, 
was unknown imder the 1816 Constitution. The new Constitution estab- 
tisbe<l a system of free public schodls, and sul)sef[uent statutory legislation 
^trcuL^llKneil ihr cou->tltulioMal pro\■i-^il>u so thai ibe stale now r.anks among 
the leaders ni educaliniial matters throughout the nation. The people of the 
state had voted on the question of free sclmols in 1848 and had decided that 
they should be established, but there was such a strong majority oi)])osed to 
free schools that milbing was done. Orange county gave^only an eight per 
cent vote in favor of free schools, while Putnam and Monroe, containing 
DePauw and Indiana Universities, resjiectively, voted adversely by large 
majorities. Put, with tiie backing of the Constitution, the advocates of free 
schools began to ])ush the fight for their establishment, and as a result of the 
legislative acts of 1S55, ^^S7 '^"'1 iS'V- t'^"^ public schools were placed upon 
a sound basis. 


Such in brief were the most important features of the 1852 Constitution. 
It h:« remained substantially to this day as it was written sixty-five years 
ago. It IS true there have been some amendments, but the changes of 1878 
and iSSi did not alter the Constitution in any important particular. There 
was no concerted effort toward calling a constitutional convention until the 
Legislature of 1913 provided for a referendum on the question at the polls, 
November 4, 1914. Despite the fact that all the political parites had de- 
clared in favor of a constitutional convention in their platforms, the question 
was voted down by a large majority. An effort was made to have the ques- 
tion submitted by the Legislature of 1915, but the Legislature refused to 
submit the question to the voters of the state. 


The present state of Indiana was comprehended within the Northwest 
Territory from 1787 to iSoo, and during that time the capital was located 
within the present slate of Ohio. When the Ordinance of 17S7 was put in 
operation on July 17, 17S8, the capital was established at Alarietta, the name 
being chosen by the directors of the Ohio Company on July _>, of the same 
year. The name jMarietta was selected in honor of the French Queen, Marie 
Antoinette, compounded by curious combination of the first and last syllables 
of her name. 

When Indiana was set off by the act of May 7, iSoo, the same act 
located the capital at Vincennes where it remained for nearly thirteen years. 
The old building in which the Territorial Assembly first met in 1805 is still 
standing in Vincennes. Jn the spring of 1813 the capital of the territory 
',vas removed to Corydon and it was in that quaint little village that Indiana 
began its career as a state. It remained there until November, 1824, when 
Siiinnel ^Merrill loaded up all of the state's effects in three large wagons and 
hauled iheui o\'erlani.l to the new capital — Indianapolis. Iniliana])olis had 
been chosen as the seat of government by a committee of ten men, appointed 
in 1820 by the Legislature. It was not until 1824, however, that a building 
was erected in the new capital which would accommodate the state oflicials 
and the General Assembly. The first court house in Marion county was built 
on the site of the present building, and was erected with a view of utilizing 
it as a state until a suitable capitol building could be erected. The state 
continued to use the Marion county court house until 1835, by which time an 
imposing state house had been erected. This building was in use until 1877, 
when it was razed to make way for the present beautiful building. 



Indiana has had some of its citizens in four wars in which United States 
has engaged since iS'oo: The War of 1S12, tlie Mexican War, the Civil 
War, and the Spanish-American War. One of the most important engage- 
ments ever fought against the Indians in the United States was that of the 
battle of Tippecanoe, November 7, 181 1. For the two or three years pre- 
ceding, Tecuniseli and his brotlier, the I'rophet, had been getting the Indians 
ready for an insurrection. Tecumseh made a long trip throughout the west- 
ern and southern part of the United States for the purpose of getting the 
Indians all over the country to rise up and drive out tlie white man. While 
he was still in the South, Governor Harrison descended upon the Indians at 
Tippecanoe and dealt them a blow from which they never recovered. The 
British had l.ieen urging tlie Indians to rise up against the settlers along the 
frontier, and the rej)eated depredations of the savages but increased the hos- 
tility of the United States toward England. General Harrison had about 
se\-en hundred lighting men, while the Indians numbered over a thousand. 
The .Americans ln^-t thirty-seven bv death on the battlefield, twenty-fn'e mor- 
lallv \\'ounded and one hundred and twenty-six more or less seriously 
wounded. The savaL;es carrieil most of their dead away, hut it is known that 
about fortv were actually killed in the battle and a proportionately large num- 
ber wounded. In addition to the men who fought at Tipiiecanoe, the ])io- 
neers of the territory sent their fpiola to the front during the War of 1812. 
Unfortunately, records are not available to show the enlistments by counties. 

During the administration of Governor Whitcomb (1S46-49) the United 
States was engageil in a war with Mexico. Indiana contributed five regi- 
ments to the government during this struggle, and her troops performed with 
a si)irit of singular promptness and patriotism during all the time they were 
al llie front. 

\o Northern slate had a ni()re |)atriotic go\'ernor during the Civil War 
than Indiana, and had every governor in the North done his duty as con.scien- 
tiously as did Governor Morton that terrible struggle would undoubtedly 
have been materially shortened. When President Lincoln issued his call on 
April 15, 1801, for 75,000 volunteers, Indiana was asked to furnish 4,683 
men as its c|uota. A week later there were no less than 12,000 volunteers 
at Camp Morton at Indianapolis. This loyal uprising was a tribute to the 
patriotism of the people, and accounts for the fact that Indiana sent more 
than 200,000 men to the front during the war. Indiana furnished prac- 
tically seventy-five per cent of its total poi)ulation capable of bearing arms. 


and on this basis Delaware was tlie only state in the Union which exceeded 
Indiana. Of the troops sent fruni Indiana, 7,243 were killed or mortally 
wonnded, and 19,429 died from other canses, making a total death loss of 
over thirteen per cent for all the troops furnished. 

During the summer of 1863 Indiana was thrown into a frenzy of excite- 
ment when it was learned that General Morgan had crossed the Ohio with 
2,000 cavalrymen under his command. Prohably Indiana never experienced 
a more exciting month than July of that year. Morgan entered the state in 
Harrison county and advanced northward through Corydon to Salem in 
Washington county. As his men wen.t along they rohlied orchards, looted 
farm houses, stole all the horses wiiich they could find and burned consider- 
able property, h'rom Salem, Morgan turned with his men to the east, having 
been deterred from his threatened advance on Indianapolis l)y the knowledge 
that the local militia of the state would soon be too strong for him. He hur- 
ried with his men toward the Ohio line, stopping at Versailles long enough 
to loot the county treasury. Morgan passed through Dearborn county over 
into Ohio, near Harrison, and a few days later, Abjrgan and m(jst of his band 
were captured. 

During the latter part of the war there was considerable opjiosition to 
its prosecution on the i)art of the Democrats of this state. An organization 
known as the Knights of the Golden Circle at first, and later as the Sons of 
Liberty, was instrumental in stirring up nuich trouble throughout the state. 
Probably historians will never be able to agree as to the degree of their 
culpability in thwarting the government authorities in the conduct of the war. 
That they did many overt acts cannot be questioned and that they collected 
fire arms for traitorous designs cainiot be denied. Governor Morton and 
General Carrington, by a system of close espionage, were able to know at all 
times just what was transpiring in the councils of these orflers. In the cam- 
]iaigii of iS(i.| there was an open dciiunclalion ihi-ough the Republican press 
of the Sons of Jjhert\'. ( ")u October S of that )'ear the Republican news- 
pai)ers carried these startling iicadlines : "\'ou can rebuke this treason. The 
traitors intend to 1)ring war to your home. Meet them at the ballot l)ox 
while Grant and Sherman meet them on the battle field." A number of the 
lea<lers were arrested, convicted in a military court and sentenced to lie shot. 
However, they were later pardoned. 

The Spanish-American War of i8()8 has been the last one in which 
troops from Indiana have borne a |iart. When l^residcnt McKinlcy issued 
his call for 75,000 volunteers on April 25, 1S98, Indiana was called upon to 
furnish three regiments. War was ofticially declared April 25, and formally 


^.'ame in an cii<l hy llie sij^niii,^ uf a prDtijcnl on .\iii;usl u tjf the same year, 
'i'lie mail] enL;a,i;einents of iinpurlance were the sea liattles of Manila ami 
Santiago and the land eiii^at^enieiits of I'^.l C'aney and San Juan Hill. .Ac- 
cording;- to the treaty of Paris, sii;ned Deceniher u, iS(j8, Spain relini|nished 
her sijx-ereie.nty o\er Cuha, ceded to the United States Porto Rico .and her 
other West India Iskuid possessions, as well as the island of Guam in the 
Pacific. Spain also transferred her rii^hts in the Philippines for the sum of 
twenty million dollars paid to her fur ])uhlic work and impro\'emeiUs con- 
structed liy the S[)anish government. 


It is not ]>ossilile to trace in detail the ])olitical history of Indiana for the 
past century and in this connection an atteni])t is made only tci surve\' briefly 
the jjolitical histor)' of the state. l'"or more than half a century .Indiana has 
been known as a pi\'otal state in i)olitics. In iSiTi there was only one political 
party and Jennings, Xoble, Taylor, llendiacks and all of the i)oliticians of 
that (lay were groU])ed into this one — the Democratic p.arty. Whatever 
dillerences in \ie\\s tliev might ha\'e had were due to local issues and not to 
any (piestions of nation;d portent. (Juestious concerning the imiiroxcments 
of rivers, the Iniilding of canals, the removal of cciurt houses and similar 
cpiestions of state im|)ortance only tlivided tiie ])oIiticians in the earh* history 
of Indiana into groups. There was one group known as the White Water 
faction, another called the Vincennes crowd, and still another designated as 
the White ri\er delegation. hVom iSi6 imtil as late as 1832, Indiana was 
the scene of personal politics, and during the years .\dam< Clay and Jackson 
were candidates for the presidency on the same ticket, men were known 
politicalK' ;is .\dams men, ('la\' men or Jackson men. The election returns 
in the twriilies and thirties disclose no ticki'ts labeled Democrat. Whig or 
K'epuhlicau, iiut the words ".Xdams," '"('laY," or Jackson." 

The ipiestion of internal impro\ements which arose in the Legislature 
of 1836 was a k'lrge contributing factor in the <li\'ision of the politicians of 
the stale. The \\ big party may be dated from 183-', although it was not 
until four \-ears later that it came into national pronn'nence. The Democrats 
elected the state olTicials, including the governor, <lown to 183 1, but in that 
vear the o])position party, later called the Whigs, elected Xoah Noble 
governor, b'or the next twelve _\'ears the Whigs, with their cry of internal 
inil)rc»venients, controlled the state. The Whigs went out of power with 
Samuel P>i,g,ger in 1N43, and when they came into ])ower again they apjieared 



uiider tlic name of Rc-pul)licans in 1861. Since the Civil War tlie two parties 
have practicall}' (hvided the leadership between them, there having been seven 
Republicans and six Democrats elected governor of the state. The following 
table gives a list of the governors of the Northwest Territory, Indiana Terri- 
tory and the state of Indiana. The Federalists were in control up to 1800 
and Harrison and his followers may be classed as Democratic-Republicans. 
The politics of the governors of the state are indicated in the table. 


Of the Territory Northwest of the Ohio — 

Arthur St. Clair 17S7-1800 

Of the Territory of Indiana — 

John Gibson (acting) July 4, 1800-1S01 

William II. Harrison 1801-1812 

Thomas Posey iSrj-iSi6 

Of the State of Indiana — 

Jonathan Jennings, Dem. 1816-1823 

Ratliff IJiiou, Dem. September 12 to December 5, iS'22 

William Hendricks, Dem. 1S22-1825 

James l). Kay (acting), Dem. Feb. 12 to Dec. 11, 1825 

James B. Ka)-, Dem. 1825-1831 

Noah Nolile, Whig 1831-1S37 

David Wallace, Whig 1837-1840 

Samuel Bigger, Whig .^840-1843 

James Whitconil), Dem. 1843-184S 

Paris C. Diuniiiig (acting), I^em. i8_|8-i849 

Jnvq.Ii .\. Wii-hl, Mem. 1849-1S57 

.\^iibcl 1'. Willanl, Dem. 1857-1860 

Abram A. Hamiiuind (acting), Dem. 1860-1861 

Flenry S. Lane, Rep. January 14 to January 16, 1861 

Oliver P. Morton (acting), Rep. 1861-1865 

Oliver P. Morton, Rep. 1865-1867 

Conrad Baker (acting), Re]). 1S67-1869 

Conrad Baker, Rep. 1869-1873 

Thomas A. Hendricks, Dem. 1873-1877 

James D. Williams, Dem. 1877-1880 

Isaac P. Gray fading), Dem. ,__iS8o-i8.Si 

Albert G. Porter, Rep. 1881-1885 


•Isaac P. Gray, Dem. 1885-18S9 

Alvin P. Hovey, Rep. 1S89-1891 

Ira J. Chase (acting), Rep Nov. 24, 1S91 to Jan. 9, 1893 

Claude Matthews, Dem. 1893-1897 

James A. Mount, Rep. 1897-1901 

Winfield T. Durbin, Rep. 1901-1905 

J. Frank Ilanley, Rep. 1905-1909 

Tlionias R. Marshall, Dem. 1909-1913 

Samuel R. Ralston, Dem. _~^ 1913- 


Indiana was the first territory created out of the old Northwest Territory 
and the second state to be formed. It is now on the eve of its one hundredth 
anniversary, and it becomes the ]3urpose of the hibtorian in this connection to 
give a brief survey of what these one hundred years liave done for the state. 
There has been no change in territory limits, Ijut (he original territory has 
been subdivided into C(.>uiUies year by year, as the population warrantefl, until 
from thirteen C(nuuies in iS'i6 the state grew to ninety-two counties by 1S59. 
From 1816 to 1840 new counties were organized every year with the exception 
of one year. Starting in with a population of 5, ''141 in iSoo, Indiana has 
increased by leaps and bounds until it now has a population of two million 
seven hundred thousand eight hundred and seventy-si.\. The appended table 
is interesting in showing the growth of population by decades since 1800: 

Per Cent 
Census Decades. Population. Increase.'' of Increase. 

1800 5,641 

1810 24,520 18,870 T,7,4.y 

i8_'o 147,178 i_'2,C)58 500.2 

1830 3-l.v".ii i95.'^53 i.vvi 

1840 r)85,8r,r, 34-, 835 90.9 

1850 988,416 302,550 44.1 

i860 1,350,428 362,012 36.6 

1S70 1,680,637 330,209 24.5 

1880 1,978,301 297,664 17.7 

1890 2,192,404 214,103 lo.S 

1900 2,516,462 324,058 14.8 

1910 2,700,876 184,414 7.3 


Stalisfits arc usually \cry dry and iiiiinU'rcstiii^', Imt tlicro are a few 
ligures whicli are at least instructi\e if not interesting. l'~or instance, in 1910, 
1,143,835 people of Indiana li\ed in towns and cities of more than 2,500. 
There were 822,434 voters, and 580,557 men between the ages of eighteen and 
forty-four were eligible iov military ser\'ice. An interesting book of statistics 
frnni which these figures are lal<en covering e\ery phase of the growth of the 
stale is found in the biennial report of the state statistician. 

The state has increased in wealth as well as ])oi)ulation and the total state 
tax of six thousand forty-three drdlars and tliirty-six cents of 1S16 increased 
in 1915 to ni(Tre than six million. In 181(1 the onlv factories in the state were 
grist or saw mills; all of the clothing, furniture and most of the farming tools 
were made l)y the pioneers themselves. At that time the farmer was his own 
doctor, his own blacksmith, his own lawyer, his own dentist and, if he had 
di\'ine services, he had lo Ije the preacher, liut now it is changed. The si)in- 
niiig wheel hntls its resting ])lace in the attic ; a score of occupations have arisen 
to satisfy the manifoUl wants of the farmer. Millions of dollars are now in- 
xested in factories, other millions arc invested in steam and electric roads, still 
other millions in ])ublic utility ])lants of all kinds. The go\'ernor now receives 
a larger salary than did all the state ofticials put together in 1861, while the 
county sheriff has a salary which is more than doulile the compensation first 
allowed the governor of the slate. 

Indiana is rich in natural i-esources. It not only has millions of acres of 
good farming land, but it has had fine forests in the past. I-'roni the timber 
of its woods Iia\e been built the homes for the ])ast one hundred years and, if 
rightly conserved there is timber for many years yet to come. The state has 
beds of coal and quarries of stone which are not surpassed in any state in the 
I'nion. l"or many years natural gas was a boon to Indiana manufacturing, 
but it was used so cxtravagently that it soon liecame exhrmsted. Some of the 
largest factories of ibeir kind in the country .are to be found in the Hoosier 
stale. The steel works at (iary emplo_\'s tens of thousands of men and are 
constantly inci'casing in importance. At l\lwood is the largest tin ]ilate fac- 
tory in the world, while lA'ansville bo.ists of the largest cigar factory in the 
world. At South end the Studeb;d<er and Oliver manufacturing ])Iants turn 
out millions of dollars worth of goods every year. When it is known that 
over half of the ]io])ulation of the state is now living in towns and cities, it 
must be readily seen that farming is no longer the .sole occupation. A sys- 
tem of railroads has been built wliich brings every corner of the state in close 
touch with Indianapolis. In fact, every county .scat but four is in railroad 
conni'Ction with the capital of the state. Every county has its local teleplione 

DA\11-;SS ClIUNLY, INin.WA. 6i 

systems, its rural free (leli\ erii's and its ^ond ruads tinifying the \'ari<jus 
par4s of tliL' Cdiinty. All of this makes fur jjetter civilization and a happier 
and ninre contented peojde. 

Indiana prides herself on her educational system. \Vith sixteen lliousand 
public and parochial school teachers, with three state institutions of learning, a 
score of church schools of all kinds as well as private institutions of learning, 
Indiana stands hi,L;h in educational circles. The state maintains universities 
at Illoomington and Lafayette and a normal scho(.)l at Terre Haute. Many of 
the churches ha\e schools supported in part by their denominations. The 
Catholics have the largest Catholic universit_\' in the United States at Notre 
Dame, while St. Mary's of the Woods at I'erre IJaute is known all over the 
world. .Academies under Catholic supervision are maintainetl at Indianapolis, 
Terre Haute, Fort Wayne, .Rensselaer, Jasjjcr and Oldcnliurg. The JMethod- 
ists have institutions at l.)e]^auw, Moore's Hill and Upland. The Presby- 
terian schools are Wabash and H,'mo\-er Colleges. The Christian church is 
in control (jf lUitler and Mer(.)ni Colleges. ( oncordia at h'ort Wayne is one 
of the largest Lutheran schools in the Chiited Stales. The Oual^ers su])port 
I'larlham College, as well as the academies at I'^airmount, lilooniingdale, 
I'lainlield and Spiceland. The r.;tptists are in charge of l'"ranklin C ollege, 
while the L'nited Lrethern gi\e their allegiance to Indiana Central Uni\'ersity 
at Indianapolis. The Se\'enth-l)a_\'- Ad\enti.-ts ha\-e a school at Boggstown. 
The Dunkards at North Manchester and the Mennonites at Cioshen uKiintain 
schools for their resi)ective churches. 

The state seek's to take care of all of its unfortunates. Its cliaritable, 
bene\olent and correctional institutions rank high among similar institutions 
in the country. Insane as\lums are located at Indianapolis, Richmcjnd, 
Logansport, Lvans\ille and Madi.^fin. The Slate Soldiers' Home is at 
I.afas'etle, while the Xational .Soldiers' Home is at Alai'iou. 

The .'-Soldiers and Sailors' ( ^I'phans' Home at Knlghtstcjwn, is main- 
tained for the care and educalion o| the ori)han children of Union soldiers 
and sailors. The state educates and keeps them until tliev are sixteen years 
of age if ihey ha\e not been giwn homes in families before they reach that 
age. institutions for the education of the blind and also the deaf and dumb 
are located at Indianapolis. The state educates all children so afllicted and 
teaches them some useful trade which will enable them to make their own 
wa\ in the world. The School for l-'eeljle Minded at h'ort Wayne has had 
more than one thousand childi"en in attendance annually for several years. 
Within the past few years an ej)ilei)tic village has lieen established at New 
•Castle, Indiana, for tlie care of those so afflicted. A jjrisou is located at 


J\Jichigan Cit}' for the incarceration of male criminals convicted by any of 
the courts (jf the state of treason, nnnder in the first or second degree, and 
of all persons convicted of any felony who at the time of conviction are 
thirty years of age and over. The Reformatory at Jeffersonville takes care 
of male criminals Ijetwcen the ages of sixteen and thirty, who are guilty of 
crimes other than tliose jnst mentioned. The female criminals from the 
ages of fifteen upwards are kept in the women's prison at Indianapolis. A 
school for incorrigible boys is maintained at Plainfield. It receives boys be- 
tween the ages of seven and eighteen, although no boy can be kept after he 
reaches the age of twenty-one. Each county provides for its own poor and 
practically every county in the state has a jjoor farm and many of them have 
homes for orphaned or indigent children. Each county in the state also 
maintains a correctional institution known as the jail, in which prisoners are 
committed while waiting f<:)r trial or as punishment for convicted crime. 

Ihit Indiana is great not alone in its material prosperity, but also in those 
things which make for a better appreciation of life. Within the limits of 
our state have been born men who were destined to become known through- 
out the nation. Statesmen, ministers, diplomats, educators, artists and 
literary men of lloosier birth have given the state a reputation which is 
envied l)y our sister states. Indiana has furnished Presidents and Vice- 
Presidents, distinguished members of the cabinet and diplomats of world 
wide fame; her literary men have spread the fame of Indiana from coast 
to coast. Who has not heard of Wallace, Thompson, Nicholson, Tarking- 
ton, McCutcheon, Bolton, Ade, Major, Stratton-Porter, Riley and hundreds 
of others who have courted the muses? 

And we would like to be living one hundred years from today and see 
whether as much progress will have been made in the growth of the state as in 
the first one hundred years of its history. In 2015 poverty and crime will be 
reduced to a nfininiuni. i'lior houses will be unknown, orphanages will have 
\anished and society will have reached the stage where happiness and con- 
tentment reign supreme. Every loyal lloosier should feel as our poetess, 
Sarah T. Bolton, has said : 

"The heavens never spanned, 
The breezes never fanned, 
A fairer, brighter land 
Than our Indiana." 



Daviess county lies about half way in a line fmni the center of the 
state to the southwestern corner. It is south of Greene countv, west of 
-Alartin, north of Duhnis and I'ike and east (.)f Knox. 

1he e.auity has an extreme length fr(jin north to south of twenty-eight 
miles and a width of twenty miles. It includes practically all of township 
5 ncjrth. ran-es 5 and west; township 4 n<.rth, ranye ("> west; township 5 
north; ranges 6 and 7 west; township j north, ran-es h .and 7 west; .all hut 
the eastern row of sections (jf townshi])s _>, 3 and 4 north, ran-e ^ west, 
most of town.ship 4 north, ran-e west, and parts of townships 1" north,' 
ranges 5, 6 and 7 west; lown.-.lups 3 and 4 north, range S west, and township 
5 north, range 7 west. It has an area of 432 square miles. 

The county has ten ci\ic townshijis. :is follow; Steele, W'ashingtrm, ■ 
\'eale, lihnore, ISogard, liarr, Harrison, .Madi.son, Van P.uren and Reeve. 


In the northeastern corner of the county the surface is rather hilly, but 
going west, southwest and south this (piickly changes to a rolling country 
and that in turn to a very level surface. Most of F.lmore, Bogard, Steele, 
\\'ashingt(jn and Barr townshi])s are of this level character, with .some rolling 
land. Xortheast of \\'ashingt(.)n a consjiicuous group (jf hills exists. The 
Southern part of this countw as White river is approached, again becomes 
• imte Inlly. .Many prairies e\i>t Smoiher> creek ;mtl I'rairie creek and 
their tributaries, which drain the norlhern central part of the countv. In- 
dian Pond and First creeks drain the extreme northern part, while Veale's, 
Aikman's, Mud and Sugar creeks drain the extreme southern ]n\vt. The 
west fork of \Miite river flows along the western side, the east fork along 
the south side. 

The country apijears to range in elevation from three hundred and 
mnety-six feet above tide in the southwestern corner to over six hundred 
feet east of Raglesville and ju^^t northeast of Washington. W:ishington 
has an elevation of four hundred and eighty-four feet and low water near 
the same place is about four hundred and twenty-four feet abo\'e tide. 



Ci>al has hccn foniul in aliiindaiu'i- in nian_\- sections of the ci'untx-; at 
\\'ashin,L;tiin, .Monti^<iniery. hlphnni, ()iliin. l\a,L;les\ ille, I'annelhur,!^' ami otlier 
places. 'I'lie towns mentioned all ha\e mines in (iperatmn, which fnrnish the 
niarkcfc a splendid article of fuel and make |)a\iess c<innt\- well known as a 
coal ])roducing- territory. It has heen estimated 1)\- a former slate geologist 
that an a.ggregale of eight feet fi coal, in the average, extended over the 
entire county, two hundred antl se\ent\' thousand acres. .\t Washington is 
mined some of the hest coking coal found in the western coal Held. 


d'lie disccjvery of coal on the eastern confines of the deserted \illage of 
Greenup in a great measiu'e started W'asliington on her hrst nioxement 
toward enlargement of territory and an increased ;ictivit\- in l)nsines> |)ur- 
.suits and returns; this also meant a deciiletl growth in population, and when 
workmen on the grade of the Ohio 6c Mississippi railroad cut into a rich 
\ein of hituminons coal at Washington, the fact that the count}- seat had 
heen located upon \ast coal deposits lirst hecanie a|i]iarent. This was in 
i(S57, and that ^-ear noted a further acK'ance in growth and prosperity of the 
chief cit\' of the count\'. The discovery of the precious commodity was im- 
uiediate!\' followed hy the opening of coal mines, which called into active 
life an industry that put Washington in(ire ]iromincntl\- on ihe maji than 
was e\er anticipated; and from the \'ears I1S3S t<i iSoo, miners Hocked int<) 
Wa^-hington from near and far. !\lan\' of tlie men hronght families; the 
scale of wages heing remuneratix'e, they prospered, huilt homes and in man\' 
cases hecame permanent and yalned citizens of the communit\-. Tlic (Jhi(; 
i\: 3.1ississip])i railroad officials had the coal thoroughl}' tested to determine 
its steam-producing i|ualities and in a short time the w ood-lnnning loconio- 
li\e.^. then ni ;;cuer;d n^e, were cousxated into (■i>:d liuruei'^. 

At C aiiuelhurg a reui.arkahle \eiu of cannel coal was discovered an'l 
soon the mines of the lUickex-e Cannel-Coal Company were distributing an 
article that h;is no superior anx'where. .Manx' millions of tons of coal ha\e 
heen mined in I )a\'ie>s county, hut the supply still lying in the ground will 
not he exhausted for many )-ears to crime. Mines are in acti\-e riperation 
in \arious p.arts of the county, gi\ing employment to a sm;dl army of men. 



There is a din'ereiice of opinion as to who was the first actual settler 
in Daviess county, but most autliorities give this distinction to WiUiam Bal- 
low, who settled in the Sugar Creek hills, sixteen miles southeast of the 
present city of Washington, in iSoi. Some claim this distinction for Eli 
Hawkins, who came from South Carolina, in 180'), and settled near the 
]jresent site of Maysville. But this can hardlx' he correct, for j\lr. John 
Thompson, who wrote a series of papers for one of the local publica- 
tions, several years ago, and who is recognized as good authorit)' on early 
historic matters, mentions seven others who came to this region before Eli 
Hawkins arri\etl. ( )ne of these se\'en, mentioned bv Mr. Thomjison, was 
David JHora. wlio li\ed in a hig caljin, nearly iip].iosite the i)resent site of the 
Meredith Huuse, in W'ashiugidn. .Xccurding to this authority, David Mora 
was the second settler, admitting William llallmv td have been the first. 
The next settler, in order, according to Mr. Tlu,im[)>on, was Thomas l-Jug- 
gles; followeil in succession by Doctor Harris, Richard Palmer, William 
Hawk-ins, and finally. FJi Hawkins, menticined above, in 1806. 

That Fdi Hawkins did arrive in what is now Daviess county as 
early as i8of>, is not a matter of doubt, as the county records contain a cojjy 
of the deed made to him (ju November 8, 1806, by John Rice Jones and 
Mary Jones, his wife. The land deeded lay in the \icinit3' of Maysville. 
Consisting of four huudr(.-d acre>, for which .Mr. Hawkins paiil four lunulred 
doll.-irs. This land was a jjortion of section d, township _', range 7. This 
deeil to Eli Hawkins was not, however, the earliest deed made to land in 
Dax'iess county, l)ut it was jjrobably the first purchase of land on which an 
actual settlement was made. 


.\n article compiled by John W'ooldridge, A. M., published in a comity 
history about thirty years ago, contains some interesting information re- 
garding earl\' deeds and earlv settlers of Daviess countv. Liberal excerpts 
'(5) ' 


are taken fruni Professor \\'o(il(1ri(lL;e"s article in tiie preparation of this 

Ill nnler to gi\-e an idea of the ra|)i<Hty witli which settlement was 
made in ! )a\iess count}-, after the ad\-eiit of the ad\-eiiturous hrst settlers, 
a nwniher of the tir>t land entries are i^iveii, as shdwn lj_\' the county deed 
records. This will not (Jiily slmw the lucation, hul alsu the names of ^ome 
of the first settlers, the mo^t ;uUheiitic recc^rd that can lie dhtained. 

In 17S3 Congress made numerous donations of land to the early h^rench 
settlers about \'incennes, and. in 1N07, the (.."oiigress made what has since 
been called hreiich Iocati<iiis. These doiiati<ins are mo>tU' in Kno.x county, 
but a considerable purticni are in Daviess count}-. The boundary lines nf the 
locations run east and west, and north and south, while of the dona- 
tions run at an angle of nearly fiirty-li\e degrees frdin the true meridian. 
Eli Hawkins settled on location No. (:>J. and his brother, William, on lucation 
Xo. (>p,. recentl}" the pmperty of Joseph Al. Taxlnr. William .Mclntn^h 
settled on location ,\'o. (>■/; William Alnrrisun, on lucation \o. 134: Daviil 
Flora, on Xo. I5<j: Touissanl l)uliiiis, on Xo. 300; luiianuel \'an Trees, on 
X(.). 304; Samuel P.aird. on Xo. 144; Jesse I'lircell, mi Xo. 183: Elijah 
Pnrcell, on Xo. J<j2; John .\llen, on X(j. 238; William i'dint, on .Xo. 189; 
William Baker, on No. 193: John .\ik'man, mi .Xn. 102; James liarr, on 
Xo. 210; Amable Godall, on Xo. 202, and John McDonald, the old govern- 
ment surveyor, on No. 242. It is not easy to determine the e.~<acl dates of 
the abo\-e mentioned settlements, but it is sufhcient to know that most of 
them were niaile [irior to the War of 1S12. 

Others to obtain land titles prior to 1814 w-ere the following; In 1808, 
Daniel Comer, Richard .Steen, Josiali Cnlbertsmi, Simmi Xicli(.)las, .Amos 
Rogers, William Piallow, John Wallace, Cla}-ton Rogers, Daniel Gregory, 
Thomas .\ikmaii, William Tlorrall, Thomas Ilorrall, llezekiah Ragsdale, 
i'diene/er Jmies, A'aiice huies, Jubu .\ikman. There was no land entr\- in 
1812, and only one in 1813, indicating an unsettled, or a disturbed state of 
society, which made it (piestionable whether DaA'iess countv was the ])roper 
])lace to locate. The one land entr}- made in if^i3 was made by Jeremi.'ih 


All of the above named individuals enteretl lands and settled within- 
the present limits of Washington township, except Clayton Rogers, wliose 
land lay in what is now V'eale towiishi]). Rogers, therefore, was somewdiat 
i.solated from his neighbors. During the period which elapsed while these 

n.vviEss ct)uxry, Indiana. . 67 

entries were lieing niaile, ;ul<litinns were cuu^taiuly cojiiiiiL; into the settle- 
ment antl the pojiulatiun was increasinj;' rapid!)-. The pioneers were prus- 
peruns, making steady progress in clearing np their claims and in inipro\-ing 
antl adding to tlie comforts of their homes, nntil the latter i>art of iSii, in 
which year the tronliles with the Indians began, niangurating a ])eriod of 
unrest which coiuinned for a number of years. The Indian tronliles and 
the War of jKu caused a sutlden cessation in the mmenient of new settlers 
to Daviess county. Thih is indicated hy the fact that no land entries were 
made in 1S12, and only one in if>i,v as has already been noted. 

Idle \ ictory of General Harrison's army in the battle of Tip]iecanoe 
gave assurance of more jieaceful conditions regarding the Indians, and the 
promise ni a settlement of the coutro\-ers\' iinohed in the W'ar of iSij 
gaye further assurance of a settled condition in the affairs of the pioneers. 
As an indicatifjn of this, the acti\'ities in land entries were resumed, as shown 
hy the records. In 1X14 deeds were recorded b\- the individuals named 
below, for lands eiUered in Daxies.s coiuii_\- : Joseph Case, TItrice Stafford, 
Robert llay.s, John Tranter. John Case and l'".lia^ Stone. In 1815 the f(jl- 
lowing ]iersons cntei'ed lands: Jonathan .Morgan, Daniel Cliff, (ieorge 
Cliff, William Hallow, William Williams and Jacob Keeder. In iSKc J,,- 
sei)h Hays, b'.dward Adams, John Da\idson, lleniamin 1 Lawkins, fieorge 
Gregory. Caleb Hrock, Henry boster, William Patterson, Nicholas llutson, 
James Montgomery and John Johnson. In I1S17: Kobert ilnrris, .\le.\- 
ander Stephenson, James Henry, Dennis Clark, Tieorge Keith, Jesse Alorgan. 
Alexander llruce, Samuel Coiner anil Thomas Patten. 


According to a history of the time coni])iled by John Wooldridge, A. 
M., referred to abo\e, the dillicultie-^ experienced by the early settlers with 
the Indians in Indiana were inciilental to the effort.s of (Io\-ernor William 
Henry Harrison to lireak up the Indian confederacy, at the head of which 
was the noted chief, Tecumseh, and his brother, the Shawnee i)ro]ihet, the 
head(|narters of whom were at Prophetstown, now (|nite an important village 
situated in Whiteside county, state of Illinois. The general history of these 
efforts of Co\ernor Harrison, resulting in the battle of Tippecanoe, Xovem- 
ber 7. jSii, is so sufficiently detailed in all histories of the United States as 
not t(j re(|uire recital in this connection. P.nt the incidents with which the 
early settlers of Daxiess county were immediately connected, and in which 
.some of them were personally engaged are, necessarily, here introduced. 


William McGowcn, one of the earliest settlers, lived near the present site of 
]\lt. rieasant, in Martin C(junty, ami kept a farm across the east furk of 
W'liite river, near his hume. 

One evening, early in the spring of 1812, just after Mr. McGowen 
had retired, an Indian put iiis gun through the opening, about a foot square, 
in the wall of his log cabin and fired at him as he kiy in bed, lodging several 
buckshot under his left arm, from the effects of which he almost instantly 
exi)ired. This Indian was not pursued. Not long after tliis first tragic inci- 
dent, John and William Smith and a Mr. Perry, while carrying provisions 
from the "settlement," as Washingtun was then called, to the men at McGow- 
en's farm, were discovereil b)' three Indians while crossing a small prairie. 
The Indians waylaid them at what was then called "the narrows, 't'r^iear 
the farm afterward known as the Hougiiton farm. They fired upon the 
white men, lodging two balls in Perry's back, and sending one ball through 
Jdhu Smith's thigh and two tlu-ongh William Smith's hat. .'\fter thus 
empt\'ing their guns they rushed u]jiin the while men, a\'!io, l>y throwing the 
load^ off their shoulders, \\-ere en;ibled to outrun tlieir enemies and escape to 
the farm witlunit further injury. 


The occurrence of such ditTiculties as these clearly demonstrated to our 
early pioneers the necessity of devising measures for mutual protection and 
defense against the common enemy, hence the erection of suitable forts, 
conveniently located. The entire number of these forts erected in Daviess 
county was ten, but only li\e of the number were erected in i.Sij. These 
h\e were as follow, with iheir location: Mawkins fort, located on the 
Hawkins farm, on the southeast quarter of secti(jn 32, township 3, range 
7; t'onuer fort, on llie ^o^uIK•asl (piariei- of section .|. township _'. range 7; 
L'olemau fori, some distance south of Conner; I'urcell fort, in the I'lu-cell 
neigbborho(j(l, and 1 'allow fort, on the nortinvest quarter of section 9, town- 
shi]) J, range 7. Tlie (ither five follow: Richard Palmer, David Flora, 
built across Main street in the town of Washington, from, and almost di- 
recently opposite the Meredith ITouse ; Ebenezer Jones, about cine and one- 
ipiarter miles south of Washington; John Aikman, on the southwest quarter 
of section 10, township 2, range 7, and one on Prairie creek, on the present 
site of Lettsville. 



Tile f(,ill(i\ving- is a list of tlie heads of families tliat asseinliled in eacii 
of the first-nanied live forts: llawidiis furt, Cornelius Piogard, I'di Hawkins 
and a Mr. Lurry, the 3'ouni^- men heinj;- Charles, Fdi, Joseph and William 
Hawkins; Conner fort, l-"rien(l Spears, James and Thomas Aikman, F.hen- 
ezer Jones, Alexander Stevens, Chris Gregor)-, John Siringer, William 
AVhite. John Wallaee, the Widow Wallace and two sons, the Widow I'.llis, 
Vance Jones, Ephraim Thomp-on, (1. Ixagsdale, Thrice Stati'ord and Alex- 
ander Stephenson, beside a large number of young men, among them Wiley 
1\. Jones, Jesse Hallem, A\'illiam I'hillips, John and Jacob Stafford, Samuel 
Aikman, John and Josiah Wallace, John, Ha\'id and William F.llis, Coleman 
Morgan and Wesley W.allace, John Kagsdale and John Thompson; Coleman 
fort, Joshua Iveeves, Henry JMlwards, Samuel Coiner, John Smith, Mr. 
J'erry, Alexander 1 fays, J. Waters, J. b'reeland, Amos Ivigers, Simon 
Nicholas, Abraliam Dod.amel and Roliert Hays, the young men 
being John, Hugh and three nihcr lolwards boys and William Percv ; Pur- 
cell fori, kolii'rt Prallon, Andrew Piltle. Haniel ( iregory, Josiah Culbertson, 
John b'orden, "Obe" and William Idint, Richard Palmer, Henry Mattingly 
and a Air. Carland, the young men being John Pratton, Jdhn, foseph, 
Samuel and Josiah Culbertson,; Pallow fort, John, Thomas and William 
Horrall, Jeremiah Lucas, Charles Sinks, Richard Steen, Thomas Scaler and 
Nathan Davis, the young men and boys being George Mason, Fleming Bal- 
low, John, James and Samuel Steen and Samuel Sinks. names com- 
prise a list of nearly, if not <piile, all the male inhabitants of Daviess county 
at the breaking out of troubles with the Indians. 


Tt will now be ajipropriate to record such other Indian difliculties as 
occurred within the limits of the country, or in which inhabitants of Daviess 
county were especially interested by |iarticipation. These Indian troubles 
will, however, be preceded by a brief descrijition of the forts and block- 
houses, used as places of refuge. The fort was nsualK- about nue hundred 
and fifty feet .srpiare. .\ trench about twenty inches wide and three feet 
deep was dug, into which were set timbers, twelve feet long, with shar]iened 
tops, some round, others siihl. The earth was then firmly jiacked on either 
side of the timbers. Near the middle of the thick wall was a gatewav for 
wagons. Within the enclosure was a hewed log house, twenly-seven by 


eiylituen feet in tlinicnsinns. It was a two-sDiry IjiiiKlin^, the uiiper stnry 
being reached liy means i<\ a ladder. At llie ndrtheasl and SMnthwesl C(.irners 
were hlock liunses, in winch h\ed sunie ui tlie inhah:lant>. while olhers hnilt 
lints cii \ari(ius sizes and forms. acc(irding to their taste and means. The 
hlock were two stories in height, the lower storv heing ahont eighteen 
feet S(|nare. and the npper ahont t\\ent\' feet Mfiiare, the projection of two 
feet licing on the two outer sides of the fort. If, however, a hlock house were 
hnilt independent of a fort, it had a projection on each side. The manner of 
life in the forts was simple, the fooil consisting of corn lireail, a little meat, 
a few potatoes, tin-nips, cabbages, pnmpk'ins rmd hominy. No wheat was 
raised at that early da3\ 


Not long after the erection of the earliest forts a serious affair oc- 
curred on Steele's prairie. A few families, h;i\ing hnilt some cabins there, 
were mcning in their honsehold go(,(ls. While unloading their second load 
the)' were attacked h)' Indians, and two of them killed, the elder i\lr, Ilatha- 
\\a\' being killed outright, and W. liogard after a ])rotractetl struggle in 
defense of his life. ( )ld .\lr. Sinks was shot in the left slmidder, and Richard 
Ihathaway through the neclc. 'idle two latter were in die wagon handing out 
goods, the N'ounger Ilathawa\' falling nncoiiscions in the waL^oii when siiot. 
I'pon the firing of the gnus, with the attendant war cries of (he ln(lian'^, the 
four hoj-se- attaclied to the wagi oi became frightened .ami ran to the li.wver 
end of the prairie. \'<y this time \(inng llathaway had recovered fr(jm his 
faint, and he and .Mr, .Sinks, ha\ing detached the horses from the wagon by 
cutting the harness, attempted to ride two of the animals back to the fort, 
but the rough gait of the horses irritated the wounds n\ the two men to such 
a degree thai llic\ wcic nbligcd lo walk. .\ Miss C"asc, who had been left 
at some stables, a short distance from where the killing of Liogard and 
Hathaway occurred, haltered a two-^ear-old colt and rode nine miles to the 
nearest fort to give the alarm. The attack" lia\ing been made about sun- 
down, most of her jonrne\- was accom])lished by night, a feat recjuiriiig no 
small ilegree of courage. L^i)on her arrival at Hawkins fort, runners were 
despatched to Forts Conner, I'urcell and I'.allow. As many as could jirocure 
horses collected at llawkins fort and about three o'clock the next morning 
set tJtit for Steele's prairie, where the murders had been committed. (:)n 
their way up, the jiartv unknowingly ])as.sed the two wounded men. Sinks 
and Ifathawav, \\ho, U])on hearing them approach and su])posing them to 
be Indians, retireil from the path in order to escape notice. The horsemen 

|1A\1I:SS Cdl'N'lV, INDIAXA. 7I 

hax'iny parsed un, the two wnuiidcd men returm.-d \u the trail aiul iirocL-i.'ili.'d 
tu the fort, arriving;" iIktc ^uiiic tunc lifl'mx- iiudii, 1 It-re ihcy first lieard of 
iMiss Case's heroism. 

Upon arriviii.t; at tlie plaee where I'lo^ai'd and Ihithaway lay dead upon 
the gT(_]Uiul, a portion of the little hantl of settlers made arrangx'ineuts to 
carry the hotlies hack to the fort, and in dne time, assisted hy those remain- 
ing de[)osited tlie mangled corpses in the Alaysville cenieter\-, tl"- l;r.-i in- 
terment to occnr in that resting place for the dead. ln\ esligaii' 'H made at 
the scene of the mnrders led to the conclusion th;it seven Indians had taken 
l)art in the attack, this conclusion heing based on the linding of se\en beds, 
or nests, each evidently ha\'ing been occupied by one pers(jn, so artfully con- 
structed as to conceal its occupant from view. 'J'hose of the horsemen who 
dii-l not return with the two bodies attempted to fuid the Indian trail, this, 
howe\'er, pro\-im; a \er\- dilliculi task, b'roni what could he iIisco\'ered, it 
was coucludefJ that the Indians were making for the mouth oi the Ivel ri\er. 
'idle inirsuers, after crossing Smothers creek, skirting along the edge of the 
ri\er bottom, piassing ihrongh I'jiglish I'rairie, through the timber and on 
throngh ( )\vl prairie and, ha\-ing l<ist what feeble traces of a trail the\' 
thought the\- had occa^iouall)' discerned, came to a li.alt at sundown, A 
jjortion of the couipain- built camp-lires and the remainder went em a few 
miles still farther U|i the c<iiintry. but failing" to liud any new traces of the 
red men's fo(]tsteps. they returned to the camp, huring tlie night it was 
concluded useless to further ]nirsne the indiaus, as, from all that ccaild be 
observed. the\ had crossed to the west side of tlie river, and so made good 
their esca|ie. The baflled pursuers, therefore, retunieil to the f(.)rts. 

oXi: l.o.M", l.Xhl.W !..\lli LOW. 

In iNi_:; another incident oecurrt'd. in which, instead of a white man 
being slain, an Indian lost his life I '.iliner tort wa> built earl\' in the sprjng 
of that \car. ( )iie raiii\- night three Indians walked around this fort and 
in the niorning their footprints were discovered. .\ \t^rv large dog, owned 
bs' a man named liaker, living in the fort scented the Indians and sl.'irted 
on the trail. The men, armed and on horseback, immediatelv followed them 
to Prairie creek. The ln<lians had crossed the creek on a drift o]")i)i)site the 
site of the block house, built that s])ring by (.'aiitain T'attcrson, but at that 
time abandoned. Tliev evidentlv had occni)ied the blockhouse during the 
latter part of the night, and had b.aked a johnny-cake on a board before the 
fire, out of some corn-meal left by Patterson. Mr. Baker's dog and some 
of the men easilv followed the Indians across the creek on the drift, but it 


\vas found necessary to swim the animals across, which caused considerable 
delay. Aleanwhile, two Indians came uut of a hcuise and darted ut'f at full 
speed. When the last horse had lieen swum acruss, a third and very large 
Indian came out of the hl)u^e and lUlluwed his companions. 'Jdu- white 
men, seven in munher, and all well mounted, started in full pursuit, pre- - 
ceded by the do;;-. The C(_nuUr_\' l)etweeu J'rairie creek and Smothers creek 
then consisted of sandy ridges, covered with oak hushes, marshes and ponds, 
through wdn'ch tlie Indians kept straight on. It was impossible for the 
mounted men to follow directly, for their liorses would have stuck fast in the 
mire; hence, considerable time was lost l)y making more or less wide detours. 
Time also was lost in crossing SuK^thers creek, wliich, like Prarie creek, was 
too high for fording. Upon reaching the u]ii)er ground of White river bot- 
tom, however, the white men, guided by the dog, discovered that they 
had so well kept the trail as nearly to have overtaken the IiKhans. and 
began firing upon the latter. The large Indian who had, during the entire 
chase, which was very exciting, kept in the rear, at length received a slight 
wound in the right knee, whereupon he climbed a large hackberry tree and 
made two attempts to shoot his piu-suers, but each time the powder flashed in 
the ]ian. Being defenseless, he was overpowered and slain, after, liowe\'er, 
giving his companions time to escape. This was the only Indian killed here- 
about during the troublous times. 


Some four or tne years after the events related above, a number of 
friendly Indians were collected on what is ncjw called Owl prairie. Hearing 
of their presence, a number of settlers from \\'ashington and vicinity went up 
to trade with them, taking along lead, powder, tobacco and wdiiskey. Among 
those who went up was Obed i'lint, a .Mr. l-'rosi and Th' lUias ICagle. Mr. 
Kagle, a \eritable giant of a man, wa^ desirous of exhibiting his strength 
and to this end bantered one of the smaller Indians to let him throw him o\'er 
the fire. With the Indian's consent, l^agle made the attein])t and succeeded 
only in throwing him half way over the fire, the Indian falling u))on the 
coals and being quite severely burned. An Indian named "Big File," ob- 
serving the occurrence, and not understanding the reason of the attempt by 
Eagle, rushed u]ion him and stabbed him to death with a large knife. "Big 
File" was indicted by the grand jury, but succeeded in escaping the penalty 
of his crime. 



It IS related that William Siuutlicrs, ol KoiUucky, whose father had 
been killed in that slate h)- the Indians, had taken a vnw of vengeance, and 
hatl ccjine to Indiana fur llie ijnrjxj.^e of execnling that sangninary vmv. 
]le had formerly li\'ed near Owenshnro, Kenlneky, and is said t< i lia\ e taken 
as mneh pleasure ni hunting fmJians as in hnnlmg hears, or uther wild ani- 
mals. I'Viur or five dead Indians are said to ha\e heeii found on his hnnting 
grounds, t\\<.i of whom he is said to have confessed to have killed hy the 
accidental di.scharge of his gun. lie saw one fall through a Imle cut in the 
ice to catch fish, went to the place, hut could see nothing hut hlood, which 
he supposed to Ikux' llowed from a wound accideiitalh- indicted upon himself 
hy the Indian with liis tomahawk, and that he had fainted, fallen through 
the ice into deei) water, and h;id thus heeii drowned. ( )n another occasion 
his gun was accidentally di.scharged while he was ]),issiiig down the creek, 
immediately after which he heard a noise in the water. LIpon going to see 
what occasioned the iKjise he saw a log with blood on it, but no Indian; so 
su])posecl tlie Indian had fallen into the water and, becoming entangled, was 
unajjle to extricate himself and was thu> drowned. .Such ■■acci<lents" be- 
came altogether loo common, and Mr. Smothers left for some other hapi)y 
hunting ground. 

The killing of the four white men, l\Icn(]\ven, Tlathaway, Kagle and 
Rogard, and of the one Imhan, comprises the list of casualties within the 
limits of Daviess county during, and in consei|uence of, the Indian troubles; 
but, simultaneously with these difTiculties, were other causes of excitement 
which seemed to jjrevent the inhabitants of the county from entertaining any 
proper sense of security. On one (occasion Fort Harrison, then held by 
Capt. Zachary Taylor, was besieged liy a large body of Indians, and all wdio 
could procure were reipiired to repair to its relief. This fort was 
completed in October, iSii, and was located on the east bank rif the Wabash, 
;ibo\e the ]ireseiit site of Terrc llanle. Probably not o\-er t\vem\- men 
went, but llu' hurry and bustle ( d' preparation, the mending nf bridles and 
saddles, the galhering together of the horses, the grinding of corn in the 
little hand-mill, the baking of f|u.antities of bread, and other preparations 
fr)r de|Xirture, caused ,as much anxiety and wakefulness, perhajis, as would 
the preparation for the march of an entire regiment, .\fter the farewell,* 
full of forebodings, had lieen hidden, for none knew how mam- would fail 
to return alive, notliing- was heard of the little hand of warriors for sixteen 
days, at the end of which lime news came that all had returned safelv to- 
\'incennes. and two davs afterward ihev marched borne. 

74 i)A\ii:ss c(U'xrv, ixiuaxa. 


luirh' in tlie --prin;; of I1S12, when it was ci mliik'ntK- anlicipaled llial .1 
war wiiuKl soon break i«iil l)et\\een (ireal Uritain and the United Stales, a 
call was made ruiinni; the resident^ <if Maviess cnunt)' fur \(ilnnteers to fis^lil 
the Indians, h'roni litteen to twents' answered the call, nunc i>f them heads 
of families, liut all of matm'e aye. They were tn serve fur one year, furnish 
their own horses and horse feed, one s^ood rille each, with shot-has;, powder- 
hnrn and ammunilion ; une leather helt, one tomahawk, one large Initcher 
knife and a sni.all knife, from four to lj\'e inches loni; ; antl were to receive 
as \\aj;es one dollar ])er da\'. Thns mounted and accoutered, they were 
named "rani^ers." Dm-ins; the time for which the\- were enlisted they were 
called out main- times, liul reference is here made t(.i only one of these ex- 
]jeditiuns, mainly to record the killin,!^; of two more of tie early citizens of 
Daviess conntx- and, incidentally, to illustrate the superior skill'^hd) cunnint^' 
of the Indian in desultory warfare. In the hitler part of Septeml.)er, iSi_'. 
(ieneral Samuel Hopkins was in \'incennes in command (d" ahout twn thou- 
sand \dluiiteers. The duty assigned to his command was that of breaking 
up and destroying the settlements of Indians along the W'ahash and Illinois 
ri\"ers. The destruction of one Kickapoo town at the head of<e I'c(jria 
was accomplished, and the mountedl forces relnrned lo \'iricennes, most ol 
them being discharged on account of refusing lo obey their comm.ander. 
(leneral Hopkins immediately organized another f(jrce. chielly infantry, to 
(iperale ag.aiiisl the Indians in the vicinity <if 1 'rophctslown. Acconijianying 
this exijedilion was a number of I)a\'iess county rangers. The Winnebago 
town, lyiii.g on Wild Cat creek, one mile from the Wabash river, had been 
surrounded and found deserted, and (ieneral Hopkins's command, to use 
his own langna-c, w;is "embark-ed in the complete deslruclion of ihe proph- 
el's town, which bad abonl forly cabins and huts, .and llie large Kickajxio 
\illage adjoining il on the east side of the river. . . Seven miles east 

of Us a party of Indians was discovered on Ponce Passu (Wild Cat creek). 
They had fired on a iiartv of ours on the 21st fSeiitember) and killed a man 
b\ the name of 1 )nnn, a gallant soldier in C;iptain Duval's company. On 
the 2Jnd, upward of si\i\- horsemen, under command of I.ieulenant-Colonels 
Miller ami Wilcox, anxious to bury their comrade, as well as to g;nn a 
more com])lete kiiowdedge of ihe ground, went on to a point near the In- 
dian encam])menl, fell into an ambush, and eighteen of the ])arty were 
killed. Wounded ;md missing." Two of those killed in ibis ambuscade. 


Sanui<.'l L'ullic-rtsi.n and jcsse j.mcs, wcri- from i1k- ^cUk•^lL■lU al llie forks of 
the White river. Tlie former was tlie son nf Josiah CulherlMm, a 
worthy citizen of Daviess e..iimy ami a sohher of the Uevohuionary War, 
ami the latter a son of libenezer Jones, who h\e(l in Daviess comity from 
1811 to i8()3. 


The country immediately annmd the encampment, a short distance 
above the present site of, was linely timliered and to all appear- 
ances a body of rich land. Some of the men strayed off from the mam 
body tor the purpose, as they said, of lonkini;- at the country. While one 
of these parlies, con.sistinj^- ui three, was out sonie distance from the main 
body, they were f^red on by the Indians and one of their number killed. 
Ili.s' name Vas Dunn. ' I'pon the return (.f the two ^urvivors to cam]), sixty 
men wert^de£a«].vil to bury their dead comra.le, and the men from this part 
(,f the country' were part of ibis detail. A]iproachin- the s|)..t where the 
slain man lav, they discovered an Indian mounted on (piite a hue horse. 
Dnii.]iin- their burial to(,ls, they, in a \ cry tumuKuous maimer, started 
iu pursuit. The Indian at llrst kept a northeast curse, but .^r.adually in- 
clined to the north until he arrival at the bead of a ravine rnnnin.i; <lirectly 
west to the Wabash river. He entered the ra\ine, which was ipiite stee]) 
at the sides, and covered with timber and ihick underbrush. W ben bis pur- 
suers had proceede.l about three hundred yards <lown the hollow, they re- 
ceived a verv hea\v lire < m both Hanks, which added much to their disor- 
der and confusion. -\ !.a-ueral rout ensued, an.l every man who could, made 
the best of bis wav back U, eamp. Those who eltected an escape had to cut 
their wav thmu.t^h' the enemy's lines. The next day alm.,st the whole army 
Weill ..ul tn bury the dead, wh- were f-und much mutilated, and that 
were rep^'ried missin:,' never were loiind. 


The earlv settlers of county were lar-ely from Southern states. 
ft is estimated that about ,nie-hall of the settlers were fmni Soutji 
Carolina and one-fMurth from Kentucky .and Tennessee. H he i.rmcipal in- 
ducement that broi^bt these people was that they misht obtain cheap lands 
an<l establish homes for their families, b'inding a desirable locatiMU in the 
primitive prairie or the unbroken forest was the first cncern of ,..o- 
neers- the next concern, and the most im].ortant, was to hud means ot sub- 


sistcnce fur tlic family. In the acciiiiplishment of tliis it was neces- 
.'^ary tu use all the ini;einiity and all the means nature had placed within 
their reach. Tiniher must he cleared and the prairie lands must be broken 
and all brou.!.iht to a state of cultivation. In that jjcrind of iJaviess county 
histcjry implements of industry for this kind of work were few, and of a 
very crude sort. Tlie cabin,s, which served for domiciles were built of round 
logs. These logs usually were not hewn. The roof was made of clapboards 
held in place liy poles. Th^ spaces between the logs in the side of the cabin 
were filled with sticks and clay. The fireplace at one end of the cabin was, 
of course, indispensable, serving both lieating and cooking- purposes. Square 
openings for the one door, and probably two windows, were cut in the side 
of the cabin. Greaseti juiper, instead of glass, was the material used for 
windows in the primitive cabin, and skins of animals. Avf re' "tis^d for the 
door (openings. Some of the more pretentious cabins haS^'^lfi^, wfndows 
antl doors made of sawed lumber; the doors hangin^.^^Iiij:^s,QlSrawhide, 
with a rawhide latch-string hanging outsicje. The syi\}l1iyni for genuine 
hospitality, "the latch-string is out," had its origin ffoyi tjn's kind of a door 
in the jjioneer cabin. The floor, of the primitive cabin generally was of 
clay, hard ])acked, though some cabins had floors made of puncheon, hewn 
with the broad-axe antl laid on sleepers. 


The first lumber was made witli the whip-saw^ This kind of a saw 
continued in use for some time after saw-mills had been introduced. It is 
generally conceded that James C. V'eale built the first saw-mill in Daviess 
county, some time between i.So.S and 1810. This mill was located on \^eale's 
creek, but did not make enough lumber to supply the demand. Slabs from 
this mill were in great demand for the flooring of cabins, being more desira- 
ble for that purpose than the roughly-hewn |)unchcon. \'eale's mill \\as car- 
ried away by a freshet, in the spring of 1812, and after a considerable time 
was re1)ui!t. The second mill of this kind was built, also on \'^eale's creek, by 
\-Ai Chapman, in 1S15. It was of greater capacity than Veale's mill, fur- 
nished more lumber, and continued in operation for a longer time. The 
third mill was a different design than either of (he two mentioned. The 
moti\'e ])(j\ver, instead of being waler, consisted of two or three yoke of 
o.Ken haltered within a tread-nu'll. This ox-mill was located in the town 
of \\'ashingtiin. and was erected liy William McConnick. 7'he next saw- 
mill cjf the pioneer period was erected in Washington by P>. Duncan, Wil- 

MiiONi.U'.ii'i- UN wiiri-h: i;ivi';i:. 


Ham and R. C'lraham, ami J. Thompson. This was the first mill to manu- 
facture lumber for export, considerable quantities being shijiped down the 
river to a mountain market. In the course of a few years steam saw-mills 
began to be erected and superseded, to a large extent, mills operated by 
■other motive power. In the time further back than is within the memory 
of anyone now living, the lumber Ijusiness was one of the important indus- 
tries of Daviess county. 


The first mills to grind both corn and wheat were turned Iw hand. 
Richard Palmer is creditetl with having i)een llie pioneer in the erection and 
■operation of a, .mill of this kind in Daviess county. Dis mill was ])uilt on 
I*almers-.preek,'';mj.l^t'^d.afterwar(l owned by William McCluskey. This tnill 
was e(|uipped ,with a^olHng api)aratus and other facilities for the manufac- 
ture of a fairly . goocTartide of dour, for those times. Another mill was 
built on thisiifhie creek, on the Hawkins farm, by William Hawkins. Roth 
of these mills were built, it is said, in iSi6. The Palmer mill was built of 
rcjiuul logs, without chinking, which made it a rather uncomfortable place 
in wdiich to do liusiness in cold weather. The Hawkins mill was neatly built 
of hewed logs and was much more convenient and comfortable. The old- 
fashioned tub wheel was used in both these mills, the tub wheel embodying 
substantially the same principle as the turliine wheel of modern times. The 
capacity of each of these mills was about two and one-half bushels the hour. 
While they were both equipped for the manufacture of llonr and corn-meal, 
the latter product was most in demand. Very little ilom- was used by the 
pioneer families. WHieat bread was regarded as a luxury, only to be in- 
dulged in, if at all, on special occasions. Corn-meal was the staff of life; 
corn bread, the corn-dodger, the hoc-cake, the jnhnny-cakc, as made by the 
tlirift\' housewife of those times, being the food that furnished the brawn 
and muscle for the men who cleared the forest and culti\atc(l the fields in the 
early days of Daviess county. 


The question of securing houses in which to live, and the food necessary 
to sustain life, was not the most perplexing problem of the pioneers. Houses 
easily could be built, sufficiently stable tf) afford shelter for the family, from 
material with which the forest abounded. Food for the family was produced 



with vli.^ln lalmr f n mi the fertile snil, Mi])|ik'iiieiite(l liy the ahuiuhmce of wild 
i^ame in the f<ire>t. l!iU the material frnm which the nece>sary cldthiiiL;- 
coiiKl he made was not so easily ohtained. hdax was the |)riiici])al depeml- 
eiice at tiist. and its ciilti\'atii >n and manufacture inln fahrics was attended 
with no little exertion and aiixiet}'. The ciilti\ation of cotton was attempted. 
As most (if the |iinneers had cnuie from states where cottim raisinj^- was the 
chief a,i;ricnltnral industry, cottnn heniL; then the princi]ial fahric fnmi which 
cIi.lhin.L; was made, they, \er\' natnrall) . tried the experiment of cuttcjn culti- 
\atinn in their nurthern iMuies. lint the experiment was a failure. Ihe 
seasons were Un> >hiirt, the facilities of separatini; the seed fmm the cottun 
were t(jo meai^er, and this line <if inihistrial effort was aliand'ined after a 
few years. Wciol Avas found tn he the main dependence for cldthing-. But 
the raising; iif sheep in suHicient numhers tn supph' the demaud. for \voc)l had 
it> diflicidties. on account nf the almundin^ wnKes, Nvifh^-ajjuTidierited a|)pe- 
tite fnr Iresh mutton. Tlie prutectinn cif sheep, hc^ever, \va^ ari ahsnlnte 
nece->sity in nrder to secure the nece^sar\- \\iion:^'uid this^jrotectinn was 
att'orded. In time a comliined warfare i m the wdhes result e"(f*'fn a dccre.'ise 
of these |jests, and in an increase uf the necessary sheep. .\s the production 
of wool increased, cardin;;', s]iinnin!.^ ;md wea\in,L;, hecrmie an almost daily 
industry in e\'ery house. .\t lirst all this was done 1)\' hand, hut, in 1S13, 
I'di Chapman put u]) a carding;- m.ichine, in connect with his saw-mill, 
on X'eale's creek, and did a larf.;e .and prolitahle business in wo(jl-cardiiig. 
Deer sl<ins, hear skins, and the skin> of other animals were lar.s^elv used in the 
manufacture of clothing; for the men. Clothing from sticli material liad the 
ipiality of I)eing cheap, w^rm and durahle, and especially adajiled to the 
rnggeil work reipn'red of the ])ioneer. 

.All the fahric for clotln'ng, from the from which the fahric was 
made, was made h\- the wonien. I,inse\'-woii]sey, as it was called, was the 
idmmon cloth from which Wdinen's dresses wei-e made. The chain oi this 
cloth was of coarse cotton, and the lilling of wool. lihie, turke\'-red and 
copperas, were the faxorite colors id' this rather fantastic cloth. The loom 
was a necessary article of furniture; as necessary as were the hcd and dining- 
tahle. The loom and the spinning wheel of that day filled the place of the 
piano and jihonograph of the ])resent day. 

i:.\Ki,v r.\KM iMi'i,EMi:xT.s .wn m.\ciiini;kv. 

Another difficulty experienced hy the jiioneer farmer was in the prepara- 
tion <if the grcnind for seed; as the plow, harrow, and other farm implements. 

i).vvn-:ss cdi'nty, in'oiana. ' 79 

were iieitlier so comiiKin nor su perfect as they are at present. Tlnw-irons, 
liues, niattncks and similar iinplenieiils were limus^ht here fmni tlieir nri.i^'inal 
hunies liy the settlers, and hy dint of ingeninty and hard wnrk the latter man- 
aged to stock them, i>v furnish the nece.s^ary woiulen parts to lit lliem ii>r 
the iises intended. The wonden parts were made fmni ,t;reen timher, w nrked 
intii the desired shape li\' the and drawdonfe, the ilejiendahle tnols 
uf the mechanic ni tlmse times. Th.e implements thus made were nnwield_\- 
and unsha])e!v. hut ser\ice rather than shape was the point aimed at. 

The hrst and c/nh thrashin.i;-machine made in Daxiess county, according;- 
to an old historical authority, was in\ented and huilt hy James and William 
Thompson, in what was known as tlie McT.aL^.gari liarn, a huildius.; thirty hy 
forty feel in size. Thirty feet of the west vw\ of the harii was used for tlie 
horse-])ower. „tfi,"his liorse-])o\ver was a large dm ing-w heel, si.xteeii leet in 
diameter, wit{CJea:fi'nji and helting, h\- which the thrasher and cleaner were 
propelledf T^ie cyltiidi- of the thr;ishiiiL; part id' this machine was a wooden 
shaft, three'X^t long,' IU^>viug on an iron a.xle. l''rom each end ol this 
wooden -iKi^irojected eight arin-^, to the outer ends of whicli eight ril)s 
were fastened. Tlie rihs were laced with heavy h.iop-iron, and as this 
cylinder, or reel, revoked, the sheaves of wheal were ivil into it through 
rollers, and thus the grain was lieaten <iut of the straw. The grain was 
.separated from the straw hy passing into a hopper, through a wire grating, 
three feet wide and six feet long, fixed in the lloor, the straw heing i)assed 
out of an up])er window in the harn. h'rom the hopper, the grain was fed 
to the cleaner as fast as thrashed. Two horses were reiptired to run this 
machine, and it rc(|nired six hands — three men and three hoy.s — to perform 
the necessary labor. The thrashing of one hundred hu-,liels of wheat was 
considered a good day's work for this outfit. The first portahle thrashing- 
macliine was introduced hy a Mr. I'arsoiis. 'fhis was a four-horse-power 
machine, with a center gearing-wheel, ilriving a shaft which operated an iron 
c\linder hv which the grtiin was thrashed out. 'I'o the center driying-wheel 
were attached four arms, or shafts; t(j the outer end of each of these arms 
one of the four horses was hitched; the>e horses. mo\ ing in a circle, tlie 
wheel was maile to go around. .\ driver stood on a ])l;\tforni oyer the driy- 
ing-wheel in the center, and it was hi- duty to see that the horses kej)! uKwing. 
This machine only tlirashed the wheat; the sheayes heing fed into the cylinder, 
the grain, .straw and chaff all coming out in a i)ile togetiier. The man witli 
the rake separated the straw from the wheat and the chaff', as it c;ime from 
the machine, and the fanning-mill, operated hy han(k did the rest. 
of the manner of its operati(/n, this machine \vas known as the "straw- 


piler," by the people of that period. Some of the citizens of Daviess county 
can measure a memory of thrashint^'-machines from the "straw-piler" age, 
to that of tlie "cyclone" thresher, operated by steam power. The improve- 
ment in farming- imjilements, farm machinery and methoils of farming, has 
kept pace with the imjiroxed facilities in e\'ery other industrial vocation, for 
the past scventy-hve years; and tiie farmers of Da\'iess county have kept 
fully abreast of the times. 



CIIAI'TI-.R 1\'. 

. ■ \ 


Knox couiily, oiil i.if which Dax'iesN ci)iint_v was created, as a civic organ- 
izaliiiu aiitcchilcs hoth llie UTritMnal ami state i;i i\'erimicnts of Iiuhana. U 
uas laid nil and i ir^anized in the ^iiriiii; o\ 171)0, h\' \\'iiUlirci[) Saryeiit, secre- 
tary III' tile Xorthwesl 'I'erritdix, actini;- under specicd instructions from 
(unernor .Artlun- .St. Clair, who was then at l\askasl<ia, organizing St. Clair 
count}'. The count)' was named in iionor of (ien. Ileury Knox, then secre- 
tary of war ofktJaa'United States, and originally emhraced all the territory 
now conslituting thcKstaies cd' liidian;i and Michigan. I)a\iess county was 
createtl out of terriliirylieli)nging tu Knox h\' "an act fnr the formation (jf a 
new coimty bm of the counl\- of Knox," a|)pro\'ed un 1 )eceniher 24. iiStG. 
The measure creating the new ciuuifN' came under the category <d" special 
laws, and is ol snlficient \-alue and interest to (leser\e preser\ation in these 

AN ACT I'OR TILK I'OIOr .\r loX oh" A X I'.W Cdl'XTV. 

.Section i. He it enacted hy the (k-neral Assemhly of the Stale of Indi- 
ana. 1dial from and after the 13th d;iy nf I'ehruarv next all thai |)art of the 
ciiiintv <>\ Knox which is contained within the follin\ing linundary shall con- 
stitute and fcirm ;i new count)', \'iz ; llegiiming at the fork's of While river, 
rurining thence with the east fork- (>\ White ri\er to the month (jf Lick creek; 
thence with -aid creek lu the line nf ( )range cnunl) : thence nnrth with the 
said line in where it -irikes the west hranch nf White ri\er, ihence dnwii the 
said \\e>t forl^ lo the place ni hcL^inning. 

.Scctinn J. That said new cnnni)- shall he kunwn and tlesignaled h}' the 
nrmie and sl)le id" the Count)' of I'as'icss, :md shall enjoy all the rights arid 
l)ri\'ileges and jurisdictiniis which to a separate county d(.) or ma)' properly 
a|)pertain nr helnng: l'rn\ided, al\\a)'s. That all suits, pleas, plaints, actions 
and proceedings in law nr ei|nil\' which ma\' ha\e l)cen commenced or insli- 
Inted hefnre the J 3th da)' of h'ehrnary next, rmd are nnw pending within the 
said ciiunt)' of Knox, shall he pmsecnted aufl determined in the same manner 
ns if ihis act had unt hecn parsed: I'mxided, Tluil all taxes of whate\'er 


nature or kind asscssetl or which may be assessed previous to the said 15th 
day of l'"eljrnary, or now due, or which may hcconie due before that time 
within (lie bounds of the said new county, shall be collectetl in the same man- 
ner and by the same officers as if the aforesaid new county liad never been 

Section 3. That William Bruce ami Henry Ruble, of the county of 
Knox; David Rol)b and William Harker, of the county of (Jibson, and 
Thomas Fulton, of the county of Orange, be, and they are hereljy appointed 
commissioners to fix the seat of justice f(jr said county of Daviess; and the 
several sherififs of the counties of Knox, Gibson and Orange shall notify the 
said commissioners of their said appointments; and the said sheriffs shall 
receive from the said county of Daviess so much as the county court of said 
county of Daviess shall decree just and reasonable, who are herebv authorized 
to allow the same out (jf any nidiiey^ in the county treasury^ not otherwise 
apiiropriated ; and the said commissioners shall on the first Atonday of .March, 
next, meet at the house of Alexander Bruce, <>f said^ounty.r'and shall im- 
mediately proceed to estalilish the seat of justice for said couiity of Daviess; 
and until suitable public buildings be erected, so as to accommodate the courts 
aforesaid, the said courts shall meet at the house of said Alexander Bruce, 
and shall then adjourn the said court to the courthouse, after which time 
the said courts for the county of Daviess shall be holden at the countv seat as 
aforesaid established: Provided, that the agent or person appointed by law 
to lay off the town and sell the lots at the seat of justice of the county of 
Daviess, shfll! reserve ten jier centum out of the ])roceeds of the sale of the 
town lots, and shall jiay the same over t(j such ])erson as shall be ap])ointed to 
receive it by law, for the use of the jiublic library for .said countv, in such 
installments, and at such times, as shall be prescribed by law. 

Section 4. Refers to Knox C(junty. 

Section 3. 'fliat the said cunnty of Daviess shall constitute and form 
a [uirt of the repre.seiuati\ e aiul senatorial district for the counl\- of Kiiux. 

ls.\.\c 15l.\(;ki-"ori), 
Speaker of the of Representatives. 
Ciiiustophi-:r Harrison, 

President of the Senate. 
Approved: December 24, 1816. 

JoN.\TiiAN Jennings. 



Tliis ciiuiity \v;iN naineil in liDiinr nf faplaiii Joseph IT. ^)avie^s. who 
was a hra\A' and iiilrc|ii(l soliher. lie was killed earl}' <ni the nioriiiny of 
Novenilier 7, iSii, while leading;- his men in a desperate eharf,'e in the hattle 
of Tippecanoe. The state of Illinois also named one uf its counties after this 
pioneer hero-warrior, this latter county appearins; on the map as To Daviess 

Daviess county, Indiana, when llrst formed, contained all of its jiresent 
territory and also all of ?\fartin county, except that |)iirtion lyinj:;- south of 
Tick creek; all of (Jreene county, east of the west fork of White river, and 
all of Owen county, east of the west fork of White river. At the time of its 
enaction Daviess county was .'diout fifty-seven miles in length and in its t^reat- 
est width ab6ut ttjirty-one miles. It is now twenty-ei.<;iit miles in len,!:;th, 
from north to south, ajad in width eighteen miles. 

The organizing slieriff of Daviess county was Ohed Flint, who was com- 
missioned hj'-'the governor of the state and authorized to e;ill an election for 
the selection of county ofticials. I'he sheril'f performed his dnt\- hv selecting 
the day and i)asting notices for the first election held in this countv. On 
the appointed day, which was in h'ehruary, 1817, the electors of the county 
met at their several ])olling places ami elected William P.alknv, lohn Aikman 
and Rphraim Thompson, county commissioners; William II. Routt, Tames G. 
Kead, associ;ite judges; Kmanuel A'anTrees, clerk of the hoard of conunis- 
sioners and ex-olllcio clerk of the circm't court. 

tiiil county seat. 

Two persons from Knox county, two from riihsun count}' and one from 
Orange county \\ere mnitioucil \)y n.uue in the act enacting the county, to 
scr\'c as commissioners to select a site for the county seat. Onlv two of 
them, howe\er, laid a claim for their scr\-ices in this cajjacit}', namely : 
William Itrnce and Henry Rnhle. If the others ]ierformed the office assigned 
them, no record is extant to that effect. He that as it may, Emanuel \'anTrees 
and I'eter Wilkins donated to the newly- formed county tliirty-seven and one- 
half acres of land for a count}' seat, and on the 17th clay of March, 1817, the 
hoard of commissioners ordered that iMuannel V'anTrees "shall sur\ev the 
land gi\en as a donation for the count\' seat." On the iStli, the hoard "pro- 
ceeded to lay out the town and ordered the survey, and called the name 


thereof Washington. And tlie survey was performed h_\- luiianuel X'anTrees 
until linisiieil." 

The lores^uins^ ([Udtalions were taken from tlie minute^ of the bnard n\ 
coniniissioners, the original entries heing in the handwriting nf lunanuel 
V'anTrees, and it is of reeoril that when the seat of jusliee was laitl off and 
I)latle(l it was given the name it al\\a)s has borne. I'rexious to this e\'ent, 
however, the town of Lixerpuul was laid out and platted in the fall of 1813, 
hy Isaac Galland, David Idnra and ( ieorge Curtis, the same heing a tract of 
land containing forty-nine and si.\teen hundredths acres. The plat of the 
town is thus described in the Kuo.v county records, the land then being jjart 
and jjarcel of that county: 

"A plan of the town of Li\-erpool, in Indiana Territory, as laid out in 
the fork's of White ri\-er, in Knox count)', l)y Isaac (ialland, George Curtis 
and I )a\id l'"l(jra. It contains one hundred and eight5T6ij®lots, each one 
being sixty feet in width and one hundred twenty fe^t in length^'each street 
sixty feet wide, to remain open and comimin higljw.Tfs forever. yi^ots hi. 
'ij. hT,. '14, yj, 98 and 99 to form a public s(|uare, to remain f^ the beneht 
of the jniblic forever." Adjoining this slri]) of lots on the north the town 
of Washington was laid out: immediately Li\'erpool lost its identity and 
was henceforth known and designated as Washingttin. 


The hrst building in which court was held in Dax'iess count}' antl wliich 
by courtesy became known as "the court house," was a log structure, the 
home of Alexander iJruce. This ]jrimiti\e and lem[)orary temple of justice 
stood on the southeast corner of Main and Second streets and was used Ijy 
the county for court piu-poses from .\pril Ji, 1817, until i8_'3, when the lirst 
court hon-c bmll b\' the couiUy was linished. 

ill May, 1818, the board of counts' commissioners asked lor plans to I>e 
snbnultcd for a court house, \\hich was designed to be two stories in height, 
tlnrt\-li\e by forty-tive feet, ground dimension, cd" brick ci.inslrnction. (For 
full details of ])lans see chapter on Political History, under early proceed- 
ings of the board of commissioners.) James (i. Jvead. an associate judge 
and prominently identified with the county's early history, was awarded the 
contract for tlie sum of two thousand nine hundred seventy-nine dollars, hut 
did not turn the linished work over to the county until se\eral V'cars had 

The foundations for the court iiouse were laid in the fall of 1818 and 

l^AXIKSS cor. \ TV, IXDIANA. 85 

tliu l>uikliii,y was j)artially C(jnipk'lL'(l a _\-(.'ar latur. l!iil, by reason of various 
causes aiul excuses, tliis niuch-needecl ol'ticial l)uililiu_i; was not ready for 
occupancy wlicn the }ear i<Sj4 rolleil an.iund, six years after the laving of 
the founiiatioii. One reason for ihe delay was pr(/hahly the cxtrcinelv low 
condition of the c<iunty treasury and the [nihlic credit. In the \-ear last men- 
tioned, a contract was let [o the lowest l)idder for furnishin.iL;' the court house 
and in the followin,^ year the liuildin^' was occupicrl. Hut in order to com- 
plete the work the lio.ird uf commissioners |iermitled a subscription [laper to 
be circulated, by which means a small amount oi money was secured for the 
])ur[)ose. The inducement held out lo subscribers to the court house liuildini,^ 
fund was the promised remission it\ taxes eipial to ilie amount of each indi- 
vidual subscription. The structure stood <in the "public scjuare," donated for 
the purpose, a^a^jeach of its successors. 

\, '^ sie^lNJ) COUKT llOUSK, 13UI],T IN 1 cS4 J . 

'J"he county's initial attempt at Ijuikhni; a court house did not jirox'e a 
yery Ikitteriui; success. There alwaws seemed to be .--omething wrong with 
the structure and llie roof had a chronic habit of leaking. It was an incon- 
\'enient, uncomfortable, cheerless box of a concern, to say the least; and not 
many years after its occupancx' the need of a belter and more commodious 
place for the coiuuy's oliices, sale receptacles for the count\' records and 
actions, and a light, air\' and habitable conrtrocjui, became apparent. In 
January, JN33, Jcjhn Murphy, (ieoj-ge Roddick', Daniel McDonald, George A. 
Waller, J'arton I'eck, James Whitehead and John X'auTrees, were apjiointed 
a committee to report on the a(l\'isal)ility of building a new coui"t house. 
This committee was ])ractically uu.animous in facor of the proposition and so 
repoi'ied it> deliberations to the boai'd. Thercupou, John X'anTrecs, P,arton 
ik'ck and James Hraza. in Maw ap]Kpinlcd a commillce to superintend the 
work of constructing the new cnurt house in contemplation. .\(l\-ertisements 
a|)|)earecl in the newspaper, calling for bids for the contract, to follow plans 
and s])ecilications already pre])ared, but the actual work was delayed. In 
September, 1837, the il'asliiiuj/oii I'hilaii/ln a/^ist contained a call for iiids I'or 
constructing the Ijuildings and in Noyeml)er of that year the committee was 
instructed by the board to ])rocee(l without further dela\-. and was authorized 
to borrow one thousand dollars or one thousand fiye hundred dollars for the 
purjiose. Contracts were let, Lewis Jones taking the l)rick and stone work, 
ami the lirm of W'hitehead & llerry, the woodwork-. Jones complied with 
Ins contract and turned oyer the tiuished ])rodnct in NovemJK-r, 1N38, for 


wliicli lie was paiil tlic sum of three tliousaiul seven luuKlred seventy-six 
dollars and twenty-tive cents. Not so with Whitehead & Berry, who failed 
to meet their ohligations. Their sureties were finally called upon to "make 
good," hut the county was not ahle to occupy the huilding until late in the 
year 1841. Even then the officials were not properly hupplied with office 
furniture and apparatus, and most of what they did have was borrowed 
from the ;\leth(jdist clun-ch, in which latter edifice the county officials had 
fomid shelter while the new court house was in the coin-se of construction. 


As early as the year 1868, the h(jard of comnfissioners, having in \'ie\v 
the cunstruction of a modern and expensive building fo&tcoiifity offices and 
the courts, began to levy a small tax as the nucleus olaiJ^uilding^ fund. On 
the first day of June, 1869, this fund aiuuunted to $,:;,i6^2.S2; June' i, 1870, 
$9,130.57; June 1, 1871, $10,078.41 ; June i, ILS7J, $14,580.88; ••Jtlhe 1, 1876, 


In the nidnth of September, 1873, by a concerted movement of citizens, 
tile need and desirabilit)' of a new cniu't house were brought to the attention 
of the board of ccmnty commissioners, which led to the ai)])ointment by that 
• body of Matthew L. I'rett, I-iichard N. I'^ead and Josejih (i. Thompson, as a 
committee lu mature ])]ans f^r a building lh;U wmild meet the re(|uirenients 
of the cuiuitv and alsd harmonize with the wislies and tastes of the com- 
muifits' generallv; at the same time keeping in mind the financial capacity of 
the cijunty, and the stale o\ the trerisurw .\ small apprnpriatinn was made 
lo defray ex])enses uf the ccmimitlee in visiting x-arimis h.icalities and in- 
specting court houses in the state, but the contract fur the building was not 
awarded until earh- in llu- vear 1877, the contracting fu-m of .Mctfornnck »S: 
.'>\\eeiic\- ln.-ing the succes>ful bidders (I. .\. Kunling selected as the archi- 
Icct and superiiUendent of the work'. 

As soon as the weather became favorable, in the spring of 1878, excava- 
tion for the Infilding commenced anil by the end of the year the structure was 
under roof and nearing completion. To meet the financial needs of con- 
tractor and superintendent and to pay for material, the county was forced 
to place bonds to the amount of fifteen thousand dollars on the market, but 
before the year had begun to grow old the court house was finished and occu- 
l)ied. In the spring of 1878 a two-thousand-ponnd bell was placed in the 
tower of the building, at a cost of one thousand five hundred and twenty-five 
dollars, the i)resent, beautiful and substantial temple of justice standing as a 



Splendid niunumtnt to the excellent business capacity and judgment of the 
coiuity's public officials. Taking the material of which it is constructed and 
the workmanship employed, the building could not today be put up in the 
same workmanlike manner for double the cost, which was eighty-eight thou- 
sand twenty-one dollars and fifteen cents, not including the bell. 


A detailed descri|jtion of the plans for the first county jail erected in 
Washington in iSd), is set (jiit in one of the succeeding chapters of this 
volume. The first move by the board of commissioners in the relation was 
made in May, iSic;, when ]ilans, s])ecifications and bids were asked for l)y 
the board f(ir a jail building. The structure was to be built of logs, to be 
eighteen by twenty-eight feet in dimensions, two stories high, walls one foot 
thick and to contaiii"^a criminals' room and a debtors' room. The contract 
was let to .-\ai"(Tn b'reeland and le^se I'urcell for one tlirmsand and ten dollars, 
and aiH'iirding to agreement the jail was turned over to the board in :\ finished 
condition in December, iSio. It stood on the nol■tlK■a^l corner of tlie tract 
ol land now occupied by llu' court house, which was carK' known as the 
public sr|iiare. 


The records do not st;ile how the county jail JKqjpened to get in the way 
(jf fire and was destroyed. lUit that is neither here nor there. The building 
was IcAeleil to the ground by fire in iN_>(j aiul for some time thereafter the 
clerk of the bixird. in malting up his minutes, tjfteii mentioned the bastile as 
"the late count\' jail." 

The lo^^ of this public institution was ipiite serious. .Mthough ilie 
cili.'.ens of W asbingioii and iIic county generally were law-ai)iding and peace- 
loN'ing. still llie same could not be said of all. There were unruly ones. 
Wliiskv was oiil\- worth .about twenty cents a gallon and a good many people 
made daih' use of the stiilT thai both cheers and inebriates. Horse-racing, 
bull-baiting, cock-fighting, gambling .and other intensix'e amusements were 
quite rife in those callow days of Dax'iess county, and now and then hilarity 
degenerated into misdemeanors .and sometimes crime. The need of a ])lace to 
incarcerate the unruh' and law-defying citizens, therefore, went without seri- 
sous question and the county found itself absolutely compelled to furnish a 
successor to "the late jail." This necessarily found exjiression in the action 
•of the board of justices when, in January, 1830, that august body let and 



awarded a contract to James Whitehead, for the building- uf a jail, same style 
as "the late jail" and to co^t three hundred ninety-ei-ht dollars ei^dnv-seven 
and one-half cents. The huildint^-, as ciim])leted in .Xovemher, 1830, was of 
liiti;s and was ei!:^hieen hy t\venty-ei,L;ht feet in diniensii ms. 


Da\iess county huilt, at different jjerinds, two \n'^ jails, small affairs, one 
ol which was destroyed Iiy lire and the nther, a^ the coiuny increasetl its 
population and malefact(jrs hecanie more numerous, was found inadei|uate 
and ohholete. I'"ach buildint;' was ]iro\'ided with a room tor that cla>s of 
dehtcjrs who either were unahle or unwilliui;- to meet their ol)li,!,'ations and, 
by reason thereof, were liable to imprisonment until their debts were canceled 
or compromised. Happily, the law under which unfortunates of this class were 
deprived o\ iheir libert)- long since has been abolished ^d no "debtor's room" 
lii^ures in modern plans for county jails in the j^rcit commonwealth 'of Indiana. 

The count)- baslile, built of 1o.l;s in i8_:;(j, which lasted until the year 
1N59, stood on the northwest corner of the public s(juare. The i|nestion of 
replaciiii^' this crude structure with one of i^reater dimensions and more sub- 
stantial material was considered by the board in the year last mentioned 
above. Matthew L. Brett and .Andrew .Martin were a])])ointed by the board 
as a committee to prepare plans and pei"f(jrm other pertinent duties, amon^' 
which was the letting of the contr.act for the proposed impro\'ement. Fol- 
lowing instruction, this committee presented designs for the jail and aw'arded 
the l>uilding ccjutract to the firm of Kichards & Harris, for the sum of fi\'e 
ihousand two hundred twenty-nine dollars. To finance the undertaking the 
board appropriated the sum of se\eu thousand dollars. V. llaker 
put in the iron \\-ork for the cells and when the structiu-e was turned over 
to (he board in its linished state, 1 )eceiuber _', 1 Soo, the ap]iropriation had 
been consumed. 

FOUmil JAII. EUt'.CTI^n IN iS'84. 

In the vear 1883, the board of county commissioners issued twenty-live 
thousaiul dollars in bonds, to secure the means wherewith to erect a com- 
bined jail and turnkey's residence that would meet the requirements of that 
period and several future generations. These bonds were arranged in series 
and t)f different denominations. They sold at a iiremium, which indicates 
the splendid financial condition of the county at that time. Brentwood 
'J'olan, of Fort Wayne, was selected as the architect and, although not the 


lowest hidilcr, the eoiUraet was let \u j. C. Aliller, \,,v the sum ul twenty-live 
thc;u>aiKl live huiulred (l.illars. The uld jail huikliiii^ was .s.ikl and reniu\ed 
from its site. In iSSi a lot was |unelia>ed of Alexander Leslie, situated on 
the southeast eorner cf Walnut and Thiitl streets, lor whieh une thousand 
two hundred d(;llars was paid, and here the i)resent suhstanlial brick counfy 
jail and sheriffs resilience coinhined, was ci instructed, the same heini; com- 
pleted in i,S,S4, al a tutal csi ,,f twent\-ei,i;lu tlmusand ei,-ht hundred and 
thirt\--six dollars. 


In all coniinunilies under ci\ il i.;n\ernmenl it i^ necessary ami obligatorv 
to pr(j\ide way^ and means for the care and CMinTort of the unfurtunate 
citizens, who are incapacitated h\' disease, ph_\'sical (jr mental deformities or 
the ravages of tinie.V .S(jme time h;id elapsed after l)a\iess county had 
gatheredWell alongWi its way in gniwth and pr.iNperity, before the antlmr- 
ities were called ii])on fur assistance by a helpless ..r indigent ])ers(.n. Wiieii 
the time came in which it was apparent that public assistance to the needy was 
nievitahlc. certain perxms in the community, willing and trustworthy, were 
empowered h_\' the trustees of the townships to render assistance to worthy 
n.iendicants, in the way of food an<l shelter, h'or the lirst three years of the 
county's existence the expense in this relation was negligible. In iS:;3, the 
amount of money expended throughout the cijimty in |)uh]ic charities only 
reached the sum of two hundred and fifty d(.illars. Hut the system of jirovid- 
ing lor the poor was incomeiiieiil and unsatisfactory, so that, in March, 
1841, the board of justices issued bids for the sale to the county of a tract 
of land, to contain either forty or eighty acres of land. A committee made 
uj) of jo.seph Warner, Samuel K'eko and Abner Davis, was appointed in 
June, i,X|j, lo t'xamine several tr;icts of land (.ffered for sale and after coii- 
sideralioii, the hoard purchased eighty ;icres, three and one-half miles south 
of Washington, in section i_|, \'eale township, the jirice being two iiuiidred 
and eighty ilollars. Half <if the farm was secured of l)a\id Hogshead and 
the (.ither "forty" of l^ewis Jones. 

On tiie county f;irin when purchased were a small Iiouse and barn. Will- 
iam 'f. W;illace and John Risho]) were selected as a committee to sii])erintend 
the construction of other neces.sary buildings, but if any were put up no record 
of the f.-ict has been made. Willi;im Ilarlin was a])|)oinled su])erintendent 
of the infirmary and, in i<S43, |u- m;maged the farm and the two inmates of 
the newdy-erected eleemosynary institution. Hamlet .Saiiford ;ind hiseph 
Allison were selecteil as the "visitors," or inspectors and, while in the per- 


furniance of their onerous duties, the "\isitors" found three inmates on tlie 
farm in 1S45. ^^^^ superintendent reported for the hseal year 1846-7 that 
the institution's expenses amounted to four hundred ninety-two dollars and 
six cents, in 1848 Dr. Samuel W. h'eck was appointed county physician. 

John Jones was the superintendent in 1853 '^^'I'-l was under contract to 
niaintam the inmates at one dollar and thirty-hve cents each per week and 
have the use of the farm. There is nothing to show what profit jVlr. Jones 
made out of this contract or whether any of the inmates were able to walk 
at the end of the year. However, the old farm, by the year 1864, proved a 
failure in serving its purpose and was sold to Thomas Cunningham for one 
thousand dollars. Another place, containing one hundred acres, situatetl in 
section 12, Washington township, was bought of John iMcCarey, for which 
three thousand ti\'e hundred ilollars was jjaid. J.aler, different tracts of 
land were added to the farm which now contains two hundred and forty-four 
acres, a [jart of which lies in section 13, and valued at forty thousarid dollars. 

(_)n this county farm wa^ built, in iStji'i, under the superintendenc)' of a 
building comnn'tlee ciini[H)sed nf Jolni I lyalt, Dr. (1. Ci. BarlDU and R. A. 
t'lements, a large brick building, in which were dormitories, sitting-rooms, 
dining-rooms, kitchen, and li\'ing-ro(jms for the superintendent and his faniih'. 

That structure stands today and is performing the duties for which it 
originally was inleiided, although saill\- out nf date in it.i arraiigemeut and 
appiiiutnu'iits. Some niiimr impro\eiiieiits lia\'e been made to the farm in 
recent \cars, but nothing 'i\'cr which the county parlicularb- exults. 

(juill W'hile, the present superintendent of the I )a\ie--s cnunl\' infirmary, 
in hi-. r(])nrl fur the \'ear n;i4, stated that the farm's receipts for that )'ear 
.■iiimunled to two tbou^and li\x' hundred sixty-nine dollar-^ and thirty-three 
cents, and the aninunt disbursed was three thousand fwi^ Imndrecl tweiitx- 
iiMir dollar^ and liitN'-lbree cents. 



It will have been noticed, that, when the connty was (jrganized, a board 
of commissioners was elected, wliM^e oflice was to transact the comity's busi- 
ness affairs. Under this commissioners' system, some of the most important 
details, pertinent to the starting of the county's governmental machinery, 
were inaugurated and carried intu effect. 1"his system was continued until 
the fall uf 1824, when, by reason of complaints and grie\ances set u]) l.iy cer- 
tain of the ta.\i)ayer'B,>'the office was abnlished and in its stead was created, 
by the Legislature, a SMUiewhat similar budy. clnthcd with the same duties, 
authority and respunsiljilities as its predecesMir, and named the board of 
county justices, which was made u]) n\ the oldesl ju-^tice (in point of service) 
from each tdunshi]), whusc members elected a pre'^i(hiig .iflicer with the title 
of president t'\ the board. This ruling body rtMuained under the law until 
September 1S31, when the board of commissioners again was placed at the 
head of the counlv's affairs, only to be superseded once more, in 1 X;/i, liy a 
board of justices, which performed its functions muil .September, 1S4J, when 
three commissioners look their seats and conducteil the business of the county 
under the system first adopted. 


broiu iS|j ti' :S()iK a period cosering li fly-seven years, the board oi 
county coninussiouers lield full sway and carried on the county busuiess m 
its own way, being deterred in its methods only through fear of each mem- 
ber's constituencv. From time to time members of the board displayed 
qualities and jier formed official acts that were quite re]irehensible and, it is 
said, more than one left the county without warning or ceremony. The ta.\- 
payers, as a rule, were long-suffering and jiatient, but the time came when 
patience ceased to be a virtue and the Legislature finally was prevailed on to 
pass a measure restricting the power of the board of cnmmissioners. 'J'his 
"happy con.summation" reached fruition when the General Assembly passed 
an act entitled "an act concerning counly business," approved March 3, 1899. 
The first section reads as follows : 


"ik it enacted by the Lieiieral Assenilily of the state ul Indiana, 'J'hat 
there is hereby enacted in tiie several counties of this state a body to Ijc known 
lIs a County council antl styiedaccording to the name of the county, etc." 

Under this law the board ot county conmhssioners was coninianded to 
nicet within twenl)' (ia}s after the act went into etlect and divide the county 
into four chstricts, from each of which a member siiLiuld be returnetl by 
election to the newly-created council and, in addition tiiereto, three council- 
men at large, to be elected liy the \'oters (jf the wimle county. The salary 
for each conncilman is [ihiced at ten dollars per annum and the time for 
iij)ening" the se>,sic)n nf the council is doiyiiated as the hrst Tuesda_\' after the 
; tirst -Monday of Si'ptemfier, nf e\ery )ear, "for the purpose of h.xiiig the rate 
(d' the tax le\)' and makiny ai)pr(j])riations." Section i^ of the act, a \ery 
impnrtant one, is as follows: 

'■ The power of lixing the rate of taxation for cgimty jjurposes, and for 
ail purposes where the rale iidl hxed b\' law is re(|uired to be uniform thrcjiigh- 
out the county, shall be Nested exclusively in the county C(juncil; and neither 
the boaril of county cnmmissicjiierb, nor an_\' county til'ticer or officers, shall 
have power tij fix the rate f(jr any pur])ose whatever. The p(nver of making 
appro[jriations of mniit)' t<> be paid out of the county treasury shall be vestetl 
e\clusi\-el)' in such council, and, except as in this act otherwise expressly 
pr(j\ ided, no money shall be ilrawn from ^uch treasui")' but in pursuance of 
appropriatiiius so made." 

Sectiiiu 32 of the act declares that "the county council shall ha\'e the 
e\clusi\'e p(jwer to authorize the bi irr(W\irig nf ninney for the county"; and, 
in .section _'i). the laui^uage is plain and unequiv'ocal in delining the reason 
tur the measure as follows: "The intent ol this act is to place limits and 
cliecks up(jn pa\-menls nut of such treasury and not to extend or increase 


( )n Mnudax', Auijiist 7, iNiji;, the county council of Daviess ciniut)', Indi- 
.ina, by order o\ the board of commissioners of said county, met in the circuit 
court room in the court house, in the city o\ Washington, Indiana, the fol- 
lowing members being present: John (i. Leniing, George W. Smith, James 
W . Cain, .\ndrew T. Myers, I'rank I'., .\rford, John Downey, Anderson 
\'eale. The cnuncil then adjourned to meet in regular session on the first 
Tuesday, after the first .Monday in .September, 1^99. The following, in the 
I'elation, is fakeii from the cnunciVs record of proceedings : 

"Come now the members of the Daviess county council, this the 5th day 
wi September, iXo(j. The meeting is called to order liy John Downey, ])resi- 
dmt. in the chair, with Robert Russell, clerk nf the council, present upon call 

1)A\'1I'".SS rill'NTY, INDIANA. 93 

ol tlic rull, llif fdlliiwin.^ iiiLiiil)(.T> arc proeiit ami answer lu llicir names, 
tuwit: Jiiliii IJowncy, James W. C ain, jiiliu l.ciiiiii,:^', Amlersi ui \'cale, Lieoryc 
VV. Smith, i''raiik Arfnrd, Aiulrew 'I'. Alters." The memhers of the enuiieil 
all being present, that hudy immediately Ijegan the business for which it was 




-Rel(j\v are presented some interesting details of the proceedings of the 
county's Inisiness agents during its formation [jcriod, the following being 
excerpts ircmi the earl)- i)roceedings of the board i:if commissioners. L'nder 
date of March 15, 1S17, there is the following entry: 

"State of In<liana, 
"Daviess Coiuit)'. 

"At a meeting (if the count)- commissioners of said count\-, the commis- 
sioners lieing present, 'OA ill iam Hallow, John .\ikinan and l-'phraim Thomp- 
son, and they recei\'ed the rc[iort from the sheriff respecting the count\- seat 
of Daviess count)-, and made the same publicl)- kucjwn, then adjourned to 
Monday next, nine o'clock. /\ccordingly the)- met on the lylh instant, antl 
ordered that I'juanuel \'an Trees shall sur\e\- the land gi\en as a donation for 
the count\- seal ol Hasiess count\'. gi\en b\- iunanuci \ an Trees and Peter 
A\'ilkins, and found the same to be thirl\--se\ en acres and onedialf and ihirt)-- 
two I the latter Tigures ])robabl\' that many one-lumdredtbs |. 'The commis- 
sioners then |irocecdcd to apiioint an agent for said count)- and unanimoush- 
agreed that John .\llen, senior, shall be the agent, who, accordingh-, came 
forward and ga\'e his bond lor tweul)- thousand dollars, and his securit\- 
were James , Sanuiel J. Kelso, and I'eter W'ilkius: and then ad- 
journed tii the I Sill inslant at 1; o'clock", .\ccordingl) met to [b\| apjioint- 
ment and proceeded to la\- out the town and ordered the -nr\e\- and i-;illed the 
name ibereof. \\'a-.biugion. .\nd the sin-\ e\- was performed b\- bjuanuel 
\ an'Trces until liuislied. 

"'The connnissioners appointed the public sipiare to be between Main 
street and Walnut street and between the lots lunnbered 44 and 45 and f>4 
and 65." 

".Mondav, the rjtli day of ]\lay, the connnissioners met agreeable to act 
of the Legislature, at the court Imusc, in our s,-iid count)- of 1 )a\-ie-s, and ])rQ- 
ceeded tf) business. Ordered ib.-it a township be laid off. tow it : Hcginning 
at the range hue of ranges 7 and S', lownshi]) 2, sections 7 rmd S; thence east 
nnniing with the section line to the corner lictween sections [1.1 and 1 1 ; thence 


north with the section hue, inclnding all the inhabitance north of the be- 
ginning line and to be called the township of Washington. 

"l'"nrther ordereil that a township be laid off, towil: r>eginning at range 
/, llience tlow u the west fork of While river to the injnnction [junciioiij ; 
ihence np the east fork to tiie month of Aiknians creek; thence up said creek 
to the head; thence to the corner between sections lO and it. To be called 
\ eel's [Veale] township." 

■'Jnirther ordered that a township be laid off, beginning at the mouth of 
Aikman creek and rimning up said creek to the head; thence on a direct Hue 
to the mouth of Lick creek; thence down White river to the [place of] begin- 
ning. To lie called iveeves [IveeveJ township." 

"hnrther ortlered that a township be laid off, towit : To commence at 
the section line between sections lo and ri; thence north witli the said line; 
thence ea>t to range [Orange county, now] line, and with said line to 
Lick creek; thence down said creek- to the month; ihence on a direct line to 
the beginning. To be called J'erry township." 

[This subdivision (jf the county extended into what subse<|uenlly became 
Orange comity, which was i>art and parcel of Daviess at that time.] 

"l'"m-ther ordered that the following be the number of justices of the 
|)eace to be elected in each township in said county, towit : 

"]''or the township of Washington, three justices of the peace; town- 
ship of Reeves, two; township of Veele [\'eale], two; township of Terry, 

"And further ordered that electimis be held in the different townships 
of said county of the lir^t Saturday in June, next, 1^17; and be it further 
i.idered that the sheriff lie [ordered] to adxertize the election at the following 
pl.ices, towit: Which are hereby established: Imh" the townshi[) of Washing- 
ton, at the court house in Liverpool; Veele [W'ale] township, at the house of 
limes N'eele, junior, now jnhn ("olemans; Reeves township, at the house of 
.\larim rahnar; i'erry township, ;it the house of Henry Hall. 

"And be it further ordered that William J'almar and Aaron Freelan be 
and they are hereby apixiinted constables for the towushi]) of Wa.shington; 
and for the constables of Veele township, W-'illiam XT'cle is hereby appointed; 
ior the township of Reeve, John Davison is hereby apixiinted constalile; for 
ihe township of ferry, William Hays." 

"The commissioners met on the J 3th of ]\Lay, agreeable to adjournment, 
uid proceeds to appoint listers (pf taxable projierty in the several townships,, 
tnu'it: for the township of Washington, \''ance Jones; Veele, Janies C. Veele, 
iiinior; Reeve, ]\Iason Ikillow ; Perry, George JMitcheltree. Ordered, that 


Thomas llradford be and lie is herein' appuinted inspector for Washington 
township, on the .Monday in Jnne, next election; Joel IJalbert, inspector 
for Terry township; Henry lulwards for Veele township; William Hallow 
for Reeves township. 

"Inirther ordered that o\erseers of the poor he a|)pointed in each town- 
ship, as f(3lluws : Washington township, William JIawkins and Ehenezer 
Jones; Veele, John Coleman and John livans ; Reeves, James Aikman and 
Joshua Reeves: I'erry, Joel Ilalhert and Frederick Shaltz. 

"Ordered that the clerk shall alter the number tjf justices of the peace 
in Wabhinyton township from two to three." 


Then follows a list of ajipointments f(jr road supervisors in tlie various 
townships, also agents for the same. .At this session of the comnn'ssioners' 
court an important measure was passed in the appointment of Elienezer Jones, 
treasurer for the county, "for the time being by law." It should here be 
stated that G. T. A'anTrees was the lirst clerk of the b(jard of eijmmissioners 
and the foregoing extracts from the minute Ixxik of that important body 
were recorded by him. To proceed with the records: 

"Jnne, the 2Sth, 1817. 'I'he county comniissioners met and ])roceeded 
to lay a tax on the ta\'erns in said county, that is to say: The taverns in Li\er- 
pool shall ])ay tweUe dollars, e.\ce])t Miss ()gden; she and the ta\'ern 
kee])ers in all other places in this county shall ])ay ten dollars, that is, for 
the present year, and each ta\ern keeper shall sell for no more than the 
following rates, that is to say: b'or whiske)', jier half pint, twel\'e and one- 
half cents; rum, brandy or \vine, per half pint, fifty cents; twenty-five cents 
per meal for breakfast, dinner or supper: for lodging, or bed, twelve and 
onedialf cents; ;i horse to hay or feed per night, thirty-se\'en and one-half 

The prices (pioted above seem ridiculously low to the present-day reatler, 
especially the rates set for ardent drinks, but these were the da\s before 
"Uncle Sam'' took over the control of the nianufactinx- of spirituous, vinous 
and malt lifpiors. I'efore the inauguration of the tax, good whisky could be 
obtained for twenty cents a gallon, so that the prices laid down by the board 
of county commissioners were quite liberal for the dealer. The rates deter- 
mined for the guidance of ta\'ern keepers in ]irovidiiig fijod and pnnender 
for man and 1)cast would seem, at this dav, to ha\'e been a little arbitrarv. 


1 lii\\e\xT. the travcliiiL;" puMic i>\ the twciuielli ciiilury wdiild hriil with glee 
Ici^i^latiuu Miiiiewlial on tlie same line. 

'["lie time and attenlinn nf the hoard for suine time after its urganization 
were empluyed in hearing- and granting petitions for appointing viewers and 
liearnig reports in relation to these prinnti\e lint needed iin|)ro\'enients. As 
a matter of laet, roatl hnilding is aliont tlie first thing to he eonsidered in a 
new ^ettlelnent and the authorities in ail new coninumities legislate lihei-ally 
for roads and Liridges. 


At a silting of the hoard on the i ith of Angnst, 1N17, it was ordered 
that a "ferr\- he estahli^lu-d across the east fork of W'hite ri\er hy Frederick 
Shollz, or his agent, pro\iiled he shall comply with the laws of the state 
in that case nuule and provided." .\t this same sessigji it was ordered that 
"the following rates of taxes shall he collected for the year of 1817 for the 
count}' tax. On land, for one-half the rates that are jiayahle to the state and 
on negroes the same; horses, thirl\'-se\ en and a half cents ])er head, as the 
law directs, llall and Sholtz shall \K\y each for the said \'e;ir fifteen dollars. 
And their r;ites shall he as follows, and they shall charge no more than the 
following rates for ierrying ; h'or a loa<led w.'igon and team, $1.00; stages 
or twi)-horse wagon, 'i-','-j cents; man and horse, 12'/. cents; footmen, per 
head, G\\ cents, 

"Ordered, that judge James (',. Read he ajipointed to judge all monevs 
that may he shown him h\- the county treasm-er or sheriff, to he hy him ad- 
judged whether it he pa<sahle or not." 

At the session of the hoard held on .\ngnst 13, iS'17, it was (irdered 
ihat "a writ of ail quad dauiuuiit do i>^ue to the sherilT to snmmon a jiirv 
:ind to meet and \ iew a mill -e;it, the |iropcrl\' k'\ ."^inion .\d.ims and lames 
iiille\. ' I his formidahle legal writ wa> to he issned to "ihc agent of section 
No. 1(1, in township 1, r.ange 5, if a]iplied foi-." 

"The commissioners met according to adjonrnment on the 14th day of 
Atigiist, 1S17, and |)rocc'eded to examine all listers' hooks of laxahlc \')Y0\^- 
erty of the se\'eral townships. The coninns^ioners ]iroceeded to settle, with 
tl:e sheriff, Daniel fdmer, and hv \ iewing the law and his accmnts the said 
sheriff is hereliy allowed the sum of hfty-lwo dolkirs. Ordered that the 
clerk (Icj aiK'ertise the sale of the court to the lowest hidder on the last 
Saturday of Sejitemher next." 

"Novemher to, 1817. The count\' commissioners met according to law 


and ordered that tlie clearing uii ui the pubhc square in Washington town 
shall be sukl tu the lowcbt biikler." 

'■November the 15th, 18 17. Ordered that six acres of land be offered 
for sale to the highest bidder on Thursday next, with Ephraim Thonipsou 
donated to the county, to be sold in two-acre lots/' ]t was also ordered that 
Emanuel X'an'l'rees "receive an order on the coiuity treasurer for fifty dol- 
lars, for twenty-live days services done to said c.jmniibsioners/' which was 
accordingly done. 

"Ordered that A\'illiain Bruce and Peter Ruble do receive an order on 
the county treasurer for such lawful demands as they may claim for estab- 
lishing the county seal when demanded." 

"In vacation of the coininis>i(jners," records Clerk X'anTrees, some time 
in January, iSiS, "the six acres of land were .sijld, which were given by 
k;])hraini Thompson to the counly, which were sold |o James (i. Read, on the 
first Monday of January, [8i<S, for one hundred and eighty-three dollars, 
])ayable in eighteen months from the da}' of sale." 

Tuesday, I'ebruary 10, li^iN. Among matters adjusted it was "ordered 
that Ebeiiezer Jones lie and he is hereby aiipointed treasurer for the county 
of-Caviess for one year from the date lierenf. \\ hereupon he to. ik the oath 
of office according to law, administered by I'armeiies I '.aimer, Msijr. 

"(Jrdered that James G. Read recei\e from the couiUv trcisurer 
thousand eighty-se\en di,ll,-irs, and twenty-two and three quarters cents, for 
building a jail in the town of Washington, in our said c.unty, out cjf any 
money in the treasury received from the sale of lots in said town. 

"Ortk-red that .\lexander I'.rnce receive from the treasury of our said 
county thirteen dollars, for the use of a house for the county commissioners 
in the year 18 17." 

1; \ri:s oi'- r.w i:k\ kl:i-:i'i-:i^s cii.\x\;i'd. 

-At its sitting of May i,^, iSiS, the commissioners' court changed the 
tariff devised for tavern kee])ers to correspond with the following schedule: 
Supper or breakfast, 25 cents; dinner, ^:,j^,2 cents; whisky, one-half pint, 121X 
cents; gin, one-half pint, 25 cents; lo-ench brandy or rum, 50 cents; lodging, 
121/2 cents; horse, per night, to h.ay and corn or oats, j^ cents; single feed, 
25 cents; hay only, jter night, 25 cents. 

The rates for ferrying also were revised, and the jier diem of iurors was 
certainly no bait to entice the settler from an\' Inisiiiess pursuit in which he 


li;i])pcnetl t<i be ciis^ai^od, as tlif fulldwiniL; indicates: "OnlcTcd, that each 
grand juror ilo reccixe an order on ihe county treasurer for ^e\ ent\--ri\e 
cents jier day for sitting on the grand jury at the circuit court at last March 
session; wliere tliey may a])ply fcjr tile same." 


"May tile i ith, 1S1.S. It is ordered tliat a court liou^e sliall he built of 
good l)ricl<, lliirty-li\e feet l)y fortx'-lixe feet long, two store's liigli, tlie I'irst 
story tcj lie twehe feet high lietween tlnors. The foundation to be dug 
eighteen inches in the ground, to lie well walled with goud, hard-liiirnt lirick, 
such as will not decay h_\^ wet, at least two and one-half feel high, all the 
lirick to be eight inches long and the width and thickness in proper pro- 
jiortions. The outside of the walls shall all be gnud hard brick. The thick- 
ness of the walls of the lir^t story shall be sixteen inclie<, or the length of 
twij bricks, all of which shall be laid on wiili gudd sand and lime ami to he 
one-third of the ninrtar lime and two-thirds therecjf sand, well sifted and 
nii.Ked. .\11 such wurk to be done in a complete, workmanlike manner. And 
tiiere shall be two fire-place cliimnc\'s, each of which shall ha\e a lireplace, 
above each of wdiich shall be two and one-half feet in the back ]iart thereof, tiie 
lower floor to be welflaid of bride, the two chimneys to be on the east end of 
the house. There shall be one double door, each three feet wide, so as to 
shut and meet each other in the mitldle and make a iloor six feet wiile and 
seven feet liigh, besides an (i\al arch abo\e that, with sa^h and glass. Said 
door to be lined and paneled, and with g(jod hinges and lock. There shall 
he a good stone sill under said door, fastened in the wall of the house. There 
shall he eight windows in the lower stor_\' and eight in the u]iper Story, each 
window t<i contain sa^^h and glass eight ))\' ten inches and e;ich window to 
Cdiitaiu thirt\-six lights, with go<id panel window -shutters to each window. 
The timber for the llonr between the lirst and secuiid storys there shall lie a 
girder the short wa\' through the middle of the house, 4x1.*^ inches, thirt}'- 
two joists, 3''S-xi2 inches, with two columns untler the girder at ]iroper dis- 
tances; and for the njiper floor shall be a girder length ways through the 
house fort)--li\'e feet, 9x12 inches thick and fort}' joists 3x9 inches, with one 
column; all to be done in a nice and gnod workmanlike manner. 

"There shall be good, full-trimmed window frames and a door frame, 
with their proper moUling, to be of lilack walnut, as wide as the wall is by 
four inches thick. There shall be sixteen pair of rafters, which shall be of 
good sound wood, four inches the c)ne way by five inches the other way, good 


sheeting seven-eighths of an inch thick; there >hall lie goud, jx-lluw poplar 
shingles, thirteen inches lung and hve-eighlhs nT an inch tiiick at the hutt, 
fonr inches wide, and the ruuf well put on with good nails, all ni" which tu 
be done in a good, workmanlike manner. All the above work to be done 
against next Christmas, three years. ( )ne-tliirtl of the payments shall be paid 
in eighteen months from the day 'of the contract and the other payments in 
three _\'ears from ne.xt Christmas." 

'['he first liipmr license granted by the board, as shown b_\ the clerk's 
record, was issued to Willi im I'lowen, on the rth of Xovember, iSiS, the 
same to lie in effect inilil the _'7th of August, iSkj. 

"Monday the 8th day of I'Y'bruary, iXnj. Cijunty comiuissioners met 
in court house. Adjourned to nteet at the house of Judge J. (i. Read, where 
the sheriff opened the session by ]iroclaiuation." 


"The commissioners met on the loth of l^'ebiaiary, 1819, according to 
adjournment. The commissioners settled with the treasurer, li. Jones. It 
api)ears as follows : 

"Alone}' received by the treasurer -'jii ,i_'6.43 ''4 

"2^1une)' jjaid oiu liy him i,u64.63;i4 

"The balance 61.74^2 

"Percentage as eontpensation 56.30 

"Money left in the treasury 5.44 

"Likewise settled with said treasurer for the niouev received and paid 
oui, arising from the sale ol uiwii juts; whereas this day the counts is in- 
debted to said Jones in the sum ni thiriy-twn dollai's tuehe and one-half 
cents. The said Jones agrees to take an order on the treasury for twenty 
dollars only; which order is gi\en in full." 

"Ordered thai James (I. Read and Tlenry Cruse do recei\-e an order 
on the ^.-(jtmty treasurer fcjr the sum of eight hundred dollars out of any 
UKjuey arising from the sale of lots, as ])art |)ay of building the court house. 

"Ordered, that lunanuel \'anTrees | clerk] receive the kee |key] of the 
court liouse and to take charge of said" 

"Ordered, that Solomon Su]ilee and John R. lieard do recei\e an order 
on the treasury for eight dolhirs -and twenty-five cents for preparing a house 
for a jail." 



"Ordered, tliat Jake l.yiich |je allowed 3 dollars 50 cents for hinges and 
branding iron." 

'■-May 12, 1N19. Ordered, that the jjuilding of a jail in the town of 
Washington will he sold to the lowest bidder, on the lirst Saturday of June, 
next, when the description will be made known by the agent. 

"Orilered, that Henry lie allnwed four dollars f(ir the rent of his 
house at last court. 

"Ordered, that the court house he built in the center id" the ])ublic s(|uare.'' 

"June the 3th, iSkj. The commissioners, William Uallow, Iqjhraim 
Jones and John Aiknum, met at the cnurt house [so named by courtesy], for 
the ])urpose of forming a ]ilan for the building of a jail house, for the 
connl\' of l)a\'iess, in Washington. 

"Ortlered, that a jail be built eighteen feet wide and twenty-eight feet 
long, two sjorys high, the lir.-^t story tc be nine and unedialf feet between the 
tn-'.l lloor and the lower ]),art of the jail and the second sturx- in be (.-ight feet 
between the ^econd <and the under |);irl of the scvcund tier of ioists. 1"wo 
roi ims and an entr\' ab(we, in the sec( ind stur}-; a criminal rnnui nine b\- six- 
teen feet in the clear and an eutr\' of four feet in the clear. 

Koo.M EO); UEirroks. 

"And debtors room nearl_\' twelve li)- sixteen feet in the clear. The one 
partiiidU next the criminals ri inm to Ije of twehe inch square timber, laid 
c!(jse, and the ]jartiti('n between the entr\' and the debtor's ro' mi to be of two- 
inch oak, The upper llnor above the criminal rcjom to be of limber, two 
iiiclic> thick, laid tnchiug each nlher, and the llimr ot the criminal room to 
be die s.inie as the upper: lo,i;> of ten inches thick, the edge.s to be si|uared. 
To be twcKe gnod, oak slee|iers f(jr the lirst ami the s.aid lirst lloor to lie 
laid tif one and (jue-fourth inch of well seasoned boards and well laid and 
nailed with .sullicieiit nails; two nails in each plank on each sleeper. Said 
lloor to be of (piarter plank. The secnnd ilimr or the lower llcior, of the 
criminals' and dehtors" room, to be well laid and tunged and grooved and two 
spikes in each ]il;uik; each joist nf two-inch seasoned oak i)lank', the joists of 
die llc)or of the debtors' romn to be four inches thick by ten inches deep, 
and the joists above the said ck'btors' mom to be the same as the criminals' 
room, with squared timber; all said joists for said floors and entry to be no 
nil. re than two feet apart from center to center. The floor above the crim- 
iiials' room to be sealed with inch oak plank well nailed fast, tunged and 



groovetl, and the ui.)|ier ]iart nt ilie entry to ho sealed the same way, also the 
upper lloDr of the del.itnrs' moni the same sealin.i^-. The 1ol;s for the wails 
of the house to he <>t good uak' timber, twelve iifches thick, w^ell sipiared and 
laid close to each other, notchetl with .a half duf tale | dove tail] ; to have good 
rafters and good sheeting and a gootl joist shingle riiv\\ with the gavel 
[gable] ends well finished, two common sice [si/e] tloors in the lower, or 
jailor's room, well checked and cased with plank; common bottom d<jors, 
two twe]\-e-lite | light] windows well linished and glass put in them. To 
ha\'e a plain ]iair of stairs to go up in the entry ;md two doors, the one to go 
(lut into the debtors' room ;md the other in the criminals' room, two feet 
\\ icle and i'wc feet high, to be made of two-inch o;ik plank and doubled cross- 
\va\'S and suflicicnth' spiked as the agent (John Allen) may direct, and hung; 
and the grates to be put in, the coiint)- to fmd the grates and the liinges. 
All said work to be done in a com|)lete. workmanlike manner, and to be 
tlnished against the lirst tlay of March next, ihe county to pa}' to the builders 
one hundred dollars when the walls are raised and two hundred dollars when 
this is linished and the rest in six months that lime." 

On August 4, 1S19, tlie board met and created the township ol Barr, 
taking its territory frcjm the east part of Washington township. John Per- 
kins was appointed inspector of elections, and an election was ordered to be 
held on the first Saturday in September, 1S19, for two justices of the jieace. 

"Orderetl, that the jail be built on the west end of the ])nblic sipiare, 
adjoining the cross street, beginning twenty feet south of the si ray ]ien." 

"Ordered, that John Allen, agent for Dax'iess county, do receive the same 
precent [per cent] on all moneys collected and paid as is allowed to the county 
treasurer by law ; and also that he, the said Allen, do receive reasonable and 
full payment for his services, done in laying of? the town of Washington and 
selling the same [lots], ;md for all imblic duties done by him resi)ecting his 


The boartl of commissioners met in adjourned session on Xo\-ember 10, 
t8i0, and made settlement with James (i. Read, whose contract for building 
the coijrt house was for the sum of two thousand nine hundred and seventy- 
nine dollars. ?Ie had received three hundred dollars on the contract, and the 
board, after deducting one hundred dollars, which h;id been left undone by 
the contractor, and allowing him one hundred and forty-nine dollars for extra 
work, he was given an order on the treasury for two thousand two luindred 
twenly-live dollars and llfly cents, to be ii.'iid out of any money in the 
treasury derived from the s;de of lots of the town of Washington. 


"TliL- comniissiniKTs agreeil willi Samuel XanTrccs for liini to |)aint the 
roof 111 the ciiurt house aiut l(j paint the walls on the outside and pencil the 
same; all the said paintini; to he done with a sufticiency of Spanish hrowii 
and oils, and to he di)ne in a ,L;inid and workmanlike manner; fur which work 
the said \ an'l rees is to receive L>ne hundred dollars, so soon as said work 
shall he linished." 

I'ltJST J All, COMl'LF/rED. 

"Decemher 4, i8iy. The commissioners hein,^- notilled that the jail of 
this couuiN' is completed, met on the present mstant. I'resent, I'lhpraim 
'rhom])SLin, William llalluu. ll.txiu^ examined said jail, lind it cnmplele 
ami receive the same. (Jrderetl, that .\aron hreelaud receive an order on the 
county treasurer for the sum oi one hundred dollars, to he paid nnl <.d' any 
mone\' arisini; from the sale ni lots in the tuwn of W'ashini^ton. 

"N. r>. Jesse I'urcell recei\'ed in the fall of iSii;. the sum of thirty 
dollars, as jiart pa)' for the huiklm^ id Uie jail." 

"k'ehruary the tenth, iSjo. ( irdered, that .Miner Coshy do receix'e an 
order on the cnuiilv treasury for lour dollars and I'iftv cents, for makinj;' 
hnoks, hasijs and stee]iles |sla]iles|, and reijairing hiui^es, etc., fur the jail. 

"Ordered, that Jesse I'urcell, .Vamn l'"reeland and William (jui;;le\' 
do receive an order cm the count \' treaMirw h)r two hundred dnllars, nut nt 
ail)- money arisin.q; out of the sale of the tnwii kits, as ]iarl ])ay fur huildin,in 
the j;iil in \\'a~hiu.!.;tiin. .\n nrder ,L;i\eu tu William (jui.L^ley for fifty dol- 
lars out uf the .ahiAC two hundred duIlars." 

"l"ehruar\- the idth, iSjo. William Ikilkiu recei\eil an order on the 
treasury fur fortv-four dollars, as his ])ay fur hein.i; in session as a couimis- 
-piiicr in 1X18 and iSio. Julin Aikmau and I^phr.aim 'riioni])sun had here- 
lufure received their orders."' 

iii;iuir IN Till-: coiwrv ti;i;asi'kv. 

"Fehruary the r'ltli, iSjo. The commissiuiiers proceeded to settle 
with IChene/er Jones, when it apjiears that the treasurer has received 

for the revenue the sum of $808.46^/;;. 

"I'aid out on orders .. 7'''7-97]'^ 

•■lli-. ijercentage 404iJ 

riierefore he overpaid $ 9-91 

I)A\1I-:SS (.(iL'NTY, l.N'IilANA. 


".\ls(j settled with the said treasurer idr the inniiey arisiiijj fr(/ni the 
sale Lit the town luts, where it apj'ears there is (hie him >Sdj,:;o." 

■' ruesday. May <;, iSjo. ( )rdei'eil, that a new tnwusliip he lai^l olY; 
tliat is tn saw all that part nf haviess enumx layin,^ iKH'th eil" I'rairie Creek', 
and ti) he kiKiwu as Milliard township. 'Idle election lu he held at the house 
of Michael kohesoii, on tile second Satnrda) in June next." 

liie tnllMwinL; order of ih? coniiuissioiiers' court sn^^ests the idea 
that the jail was ilesiroyed: "( )rdered, that Jesse I'lircell receix'e an order 
on the count} treasury arisiuj.; from the sale of the town lots, the sum of 
sixty dollars as part pa\- for huildinu ihe late jail in \\'ashin,!;ton. The order 
gi\ en iinniediatelw" 

".\n,L;ust 11, 1S20. Ordered, that Jesse I'urcell, Aaron Freeland and Miiii^le)', receive an order, or orders, on the count\' treasnr\' fi'r 
six hundred and l'ift\- dollars, which with the orders L;i\en heretofore, will 
anKaint to one thousand aiul ten dollars, the lull amount for huildiiii; the 
late jail, to he jKiid out of an_\' iiiouev arising' from the sale of town lots." 

si"r'ri.i£,Mi:NT wrrii riii-, colintv tiu',.\.si'rf,k. 

"d'uesdax' ihe l^th, l'"ehruar\', iNji. The commissioners prnceeded t' 
settle with ihe treasurer, where it a]i]iears as fi'lluws: " 

"Uecei\ed ,'p63J.iS5 

"I'aiilout (1J7.0C) 

"His pereenta,L;e ,iO-55 

"And the treasurer ihrowini; away a halance aL;rees to he e\en to this 


It will he seen hy the aho\'e li.t;ures that the hoard found a halance in 
the irca-ur\ m| |i\e dollars and sc\ ent\-nine cents. Ihe li\'a-~nrer s lee-^ f'U' 
collecliiiL; the taxes .aniouuled to tliirlv dollars ;ind lilly-li\e cents, so that the 
count\' found itself short of fuu<ls (o meet its ohli^atioUs lo the treasurer 
in the amount of twiailN-foiir dollars and se\cnty-six cents. This sum of 
ni(ine\- the treasurer \erv ,i;eneri)nsl\- donated to the count)', as shuwn l.i\' the 
ini^emionf statement ol the cK'rk' ul the huard, h.inanuel \'anl^rees. 

"Mav the tenth, iSji. ( )rder'ed, that a county tax he laid tor the year 
iSji and rateil as follows, to wit: On lown lots at the rate of 50 cents ])er 
100 dollars: horse. ^^'J^'i cents; (Hi all white males o\'er 21 _\'ears (d' a,!.(e, 50 
cents; on pleasure carriai,'es, 4 wheels. $1.25: z wheels, Si. 00; on each siher 
watch, 25 cents; s^old watch. 50 cents."' 

104 n.wiKss cui;xTV, ixiuana. 

By iJetitiun the lown.^liip id" EliiKjre was enacted out of the norlli part 
of Bogard township, hy the l)(iard of eminty ccniiniissioners at its session of 
the 13th of Au,i;ust, i8_'i. An electinn was ordered t(j ije held at tlie iiouse 
of James Robes(jn, on the next succeedini^- Saturday in Septeniher. Samuel 
Doty was appointed inspector of electinns for the town^hip. 


"]\ray the iTith, iSjj. Ordered (hat a subscription ]>aper he circulated 
among the citizens of l)a\-iess count)', h> raise a fund for the purpose nf re- 
pairing the new court Iiouse in W'ashingtnn, su far a^ to ace lUiniodale the 
ciiurts at their sittings and if the sum of twn hundred and fifty dollars or 
ni(ire he suhscrihed hv resp()n>ihle citizens the same shall he a])propriated to 
the repairing of said house; and if at any time hereafter a lax shall he laid 
fr>r the inir])ose of completing the pul)lic building in r)a\iess cotnitw the 
amount which any individual or ciim]ian\- shall \oluntaril\- subscribe and 
pay by virtue of said snltscriptinu shall be deducted from the amnunl which 
may be levied on him by such tax, and if the sum subscribed and paid shall 
exceed the amount of any tax which may be laid for the purpose above said 
then the amount of such excess shall be refunded at any time after two years 
from the first day of January next." 


The last meeting of the board of county comnu'ssiijuers was held in 
August, i'^24. when the guxerning body of the county was changed Ijy an act 
.jf the Legislature, not only in the number of its members Init also in name, 
;is the following extract from the records slujw : 

"At a meeting of the Imard nf CMUuts' justices nf the county nf na\-iess 
.uid state of Indiana, on >bintlay the sixth ilay of Se])teniber, one ilmusand 
eight hundred and twenty-four, agreeable lu law in such case nuule and jiro- 
vided : Present, the Ilonoraljle Sanuiel Smith, Stephen IMaston, George 11. 
Routt, Jo.scph Mays, Joseph I'rown, 'riionias ^lorgan, Charles !•". \\'ells, John 
Sliircliff, Tiiomas Howell, and Amos Rogers, justices of the peace, who pro- 
ceeded to organize themseh'es into a board and pmceeded to elect a presi- 
dent for said board by joint ballot. Whereupon it ai)pears that George H. 
Routt was duly elected president of the said lioard." 

"January term, 1S30. Ordereil that the clerk advertise, at least twenty 
davs before the next sitting of this board, that sealed proposals will be re- 



ceived al the clerk's oIlicL' for the bnildin,^' of a cnuniy jail, the jail to be built 
after the ]ilan of the late Cduiitv jail that was destrnyed b_\' lire, etc." 

At the March term of the justices' court the cnutracl lor a county jail 
was awarded to James Whitehead, his bid heiuL; for the sum of three hundred 
iiinet_\-ei.L;lu dnUars eii^hty-sex'en and (jiie-half cents; one-third Xd be paid 
upon ci:)mmencement of the work of construction, and the lialance upun ac- 
ce])lance of the complete building. At the January term, I S_:; [ , James White- 
head reported the cnmpletion iii the jail and the hiiar<l nf justice^ accepted it. 

In Ma\', jN^i, (lenri^e 11. KdUtl, who had been ]>resiilent of the board 
of justices .since its orL;anizati' m, died; and at the ses.sinii (jI the board held 
that monlh (ieor-e 11. Koult was elected successor to the deceased chairman. 

".March term, iN_^j. ( trdered that the bo.ard will recei\e sealed ])ro- 
posals f(jr wealher-bo.ardinL; the jail in the following;' manner, to wit: l"o 
be lathed with oak lath one- and-a-ipiarter inch thick', to be pkiced three feel 
ajiart and pinned with one ])in in each Iol;, with inch pins well fastened, upon 
which the weather-boartli)ig is to be nailed with suflicientl)' lari^e nails; the 
weather-hoardint,' to be planed and to show only live inches to the weather." 

"Mav term, 183J. Ordered, that the Ri,i;lil llonorable ( leorj^e .Mien 
Waller, Ksipiire, sheriff of said county of Daxiess, be and he is hereby allowed 
one dollar for a bucket by him m;iL;nanimously furnished for the use of the 
courts of .said ccjunty.'' 


Pursuant to an act of the ( ieneral .Xssembly entitled ".\n act to rep:ulate 
the mode of dcjini;- county business, etc.," ap]iro\ed January 19, 1S31, the 
Ijoard of justices divided the county into three districts, from eacli of wliich 
later was elected a coun.ty connnissioner, to form a board (jf commissioners 
under the law. .\ccordini;l\', tbi'ee commissioners were elected on the lir^t 
Moud.iN- in .\uj;nst, iS',^i, and on the 5ih of .Scpteiuber, i S3 1 , this new 
board of commissioners, eom)iose(l ui .Samuel 1. Kelso, ironi the lu'st district, 
and Jacob D. (."rabs, from the second district, met at the court iiouse, 
ized the board cd' count\' t'ommissioners and proceeded to transact the busi- 
ness affairs of the county, and superseded the nondescrii)t board of justices. 
On the second day of the term .Mexander Kn.£;h'sh, member from the third 
district, aiipeared and took his seat. 

"^fav term, 1835. Ordered, that James Calhoun be allowed the sum 
of five dollars and fifty cents for recordinj^- the indentures of .Xn.i^eline Taylor, 
Samuel C. Taylor, Cemantha Taylor, Cyrus Taylor, Joseph .\bel, and .Martha 


liA\li-:SS t(MI.\-LV, I.N'IHAXA. 


.MiL'l, and fur lraiiMTil)iiiL; the indciiUiix-s of 1\. Walker, II. I'.raiKlu^, !'>. X. 
I k'Ipliiiistinc. Will II. I lelpliinslinc and X. II. TaNlor, Imund hy nvcr.secrs 
><i llie \>nnr." 

Wallace lnwnsliiii was estalilished in lS-',i and al the Septeniher ( iJ~^35) 
term dl the ci>niniissiiiners court, on petition of certain of the citizens ol the 
to\\nshi|), the name was chan.i;"ed to .Madison. 

At the Se])lein1>er term (d' the hoard of commissioners the township (.)f 
Steele was made a separate siihdi\'ision of the county. John ;\lcl'ormicI< 
was appointed inspector of elections, Jose|)h II. McCloskey and William 
J^ester tnerseers of the poor. 

At the May term of the hoard, in the \ear 1S3C), John \',-mtrees, I'.arfon 
Peck and James Lireeze were appciinted a commission to superintend the 
construction of a new court house. 

.\t the Xo\'emher session, iN:;S, Lewis Jones was paid oue thousand one 
hundred dollars, the last installment on his contract for the hrick and stone 

Kirri'K.ys to 1!o.\ki) oi' U's-rnTcs svstkm. 

The l.ioard of commissiotiers adjourned sine die in Jinie, 1^36, and in 
piu'suance ol an act jiassed hv the (ieneral .\ssemhl_\' and a]ipro\-eil on h'ehru- 
ar\- iS, iS;;fi, eiuitled "An act re;;iilalin,^ the mode of doini;" count\- husiness in 
tlie counties of I )a\iess ami Martin," a mei'tini; wris held on .Septeniher 1, 
1S3C), of the se\'eral jvistices holdiuL; the (jldcsl commissions in the se\ eral 
townships. They appeared as follow: from Washinmon, William (1. Cole; 
J'.arr, i harles I ), .Mor.L^an; i;o,i,^ard, h'ranklin .Milhite; Steele, John Cawood ; 
Ma.dison, Jost'ph I'.. \'an .M.atre, all ui whom proceeded to orj^anize the 
hoard h\' the election of a ])residin^- officer in the pers(]n id' John (Aiwood. 

f)n the second da\- of the January term, \X^o. the hrm of I'.errx' & White- 
heail \\,i- paid -e\ en hundred dollar->. per order on the tre,i-m'y, the la^l in- 
slallmenl. ou conlraci, fcpf woodwtJik on the coui't hoii^e. 

At the March term, iN.|i, the hoard oi'dered the suhmissioii of sealed 
proposals for the sale to the connt\' "id 4*), 80 or more acres of land in 
Daviess comity, snitahle to he coincrted into a farm for the sup])ort of the 
paupers of said count)'." 

During- the June ( 1S41) session of the hoard of justices, the township 
of riarrison was created out of ])arts of \'eale and Reexe townsliips. Tiie 
elections were ordered held al the house of Jeremiah .Mien, and that jierson 
was a])pointed ins])eclor of elections for the newly-created township. 

Al the Septeniher term (1841) of the hoard of justices, on petition of 


I).\\'II".SS Clil'NTV. 1X1)1. \N.\. 


citizens of Ma(lis"ii and ISarr tiiwiiship, iiaincly: llcnrx' < )'.\cal, i'k'a>aiU 
Franidin, Jaiiu-b M. O'.W'al, Charles Lcd-crw. h ,(1, TliMinas W. lliit;hes, 
William Ruacli. I harlcs Kil^urc. I le/rkiali l!le\ins, William 1'. karrcll, 
Jamc^ I'i. Wiiiid, Jdhn Adam^, \\\'->1l\ 1). Ka,L;,<-;s. Steplicn Kil,^"re and ('ilKr>, 
a !H-w tdwnsliip was laid nlT, out ni R'n'it(ir\- witlim tlu' t'linfiiRs of the li/wn- 
ships named, and was called \'an I'.uien. 


A special session of the hoard ot" justices was held on the -,lh ol Augu>t, / 
184-', and after certain iinp(jrtaiit altairs of the county were .given proper 
attention the hoard ceased its functions and adjounieil sine die. On the 5lh 
<jt Septemher, following, the newly-elected hoard of commissioners organized 
and took U]i the duties ( d' its office. The personnel id' the hoard follows; 
llirain Palmer, lirst district; James 1'. Mct.iaughc)', .second; Charles 1). ALor- 
gan, third. 



Fn this chriptcr tliore is presented a list of the eountv (ifficials of D.'iN'iess 
eiiuiit)' fniiii the }-ear iSiC) tn tlic year 1015, ti),i;etlier with a h'st (jf stale / 
senators ami ri'presentatives in the ).e,i;i>lature frMiii the lieLjiiininc; nf the ■ 
ciiunty ,i.;ii\erniiieiit tn the present dale, elo.-^inL; with a statement n\ the nilicial 
\(ite 1)1 the ciuintN' in all presidential campai,i;ns from the \ear 11^44, the first 
_\ear in whieh the records nf such \iite are ax'ailahle. 


From 1S17 to 1820 — William I'-allow, John Aikman, Epliraim Thomp- 
son; t.S_'i — William Jialluw, John Aikman, James C. '\'eale; 1822 — William 
Ballow, James C. Veale, William Wallace; 1823-24 — James C. Veale, Will- 
iam Wallace, Joseph IJnnvn. From Septemher, 1824, to September, 1831, 
a hoard (jf justices was the f^oN'crnin^'- hudy iif the cuimty. At the tlate last 
mentioned the county a.i^ain elected a hoard of comnn'ssioners, whose names 
follow; 1831 — Samuel J. Kelso. l)a\-iil L'rahs, Alexander luiylish; 1832-33 
— Samuel J. Kelso, DaN'id t.'rahs, Joseph lirowii; 1834 — Jose])h Brown, 
David Crabs, Benjamin (iodwin; 1835 — 1 )a\'id L'rahs, Alexander English, 
l)a\'id t'rabs. In the month of August, 1835, Jacolj D. Crabs resigned and 
John ]\1. llorrall was appointed by t!ie cii'cuit court to fill \'acancy. In 1836 
the board of justices was re-e^tahli>lied and iierfornied its innctii'Us a^ the 
bn->ine>s agent of the coiinl\- until in .'September, 1842, when the board ot 
coinit\' commissioners once more came into its own. 1842-43 — lliram 
Palmer, James 1'. .Mc(iaughey, Charles 1). .Morgan; 1844 — lliram Palmer, 
Charles 1). Morgan, John 1). ?\lcCluskey; 1845— Charles 1). .Morgan. John D. 
McCluske)', Hamlet .Sanford; McCluskey resigned and J. P. IMcGaiighey was 
appointed to fill the \acancy ; 1846 — Hamlet Sanford, William H. Floughton, 
John Pester; 1847 — 11. Houghton, Hamlet Sanford, Henry Taylor; Sanford 
resignetl before the e.\])iration of his term and John English was apjiointed 
to fill the \'acancy ; 1848-41; — 11. Hongbton, Henry ^FayNn-, David .M. Mix- 
son; iSso— David M. Hixson, H. Houghton W. H. Wells; i8m— H. 



Houghton, ^^^ H. Wells, William AlcCormick; 1S52— \\^ IT. Wells, William 
xMeCormiek, J. C. Steen ; i853-5(; — William McCurmick, J. C. Sleen, 11. K. 
-Brown: 1857 — J. C. Steen, William iMcCormiek, IJazzcl Liles, \ ice l.iruwn, 
removed; Richard B. Dobhyn, vice McComiick, iJa/.zel Lilcs, vice IJrown, 

B. Dobliyn, Thomas ]\IcCracken ; 1859 — Richard B. Doljhyn, Thomas Mc- 
Cracken, Owen O'Dunakl; Jacob C. Dillon, vice OT)onald; 1860-62 — 
Thomas MeCracken, Richard B. Duhhyn, David Solomon; 1863 — Jnhn C. 
Dillon, Thomas MeCracken, John AlcCory ; 1864 — John McCory, John C. 
Dillon, William Seals; 1865— W^illiam Seals, John JMcCory, William T. 
Dickinson, Stephen D. W'rii^ht to till vacancy created by the removal from 
the county of McCory ; iH()f) — same; 1867 — Stephen D. \\'rii,dit, William T. 
Dickinson, William Kline; iS6N-(>y — William Kline, Ste])hen D. Wright, 
John {-"ergnson ; 1870-7J — John i'\'rgnson, Fdliott Cha])pell, I'eter Honey; 
1873 — Peter Ifoney, John h'crmison, William Kline; 1874-75 — William 
Kline, I'eter Honey, Boyd; 1876 — John h\-rgn'~(jn, John !•". Frank- 
lin, John k. Wedding; ; 1 877-7N'— John [-. I'ranklin, John R. Weddin-, J. .M. 
Boyd; 1870 — J. M. lioyd, i'eter 1 loney, W Kbne; 1880-81 — I'eter 
Iloney, William Kline. John L'lark ; 1882-85 — John CLark, John l-"anning, 
hTancis Zinkans; i88(>-N7 — John l-'anning. ITrmcis Zinkaiis, Thomas J. 
Payne; 1887-SX — John l'~annin,t^-. Thomas J. Pavrie, Joseph C '. .Mli^Min; 1888- 
8'<j^Joseph C. .Allison, Thomas J. l';L\ne, William Kline; 1 (S,'Sij-()i) — |o>eph 

C. /\llison, Thomas llennington, K'line; 1890-91 — William Kline, 
Thomas ISennington, .\ndrew l.illie; 1801-02 — Thomas Bennington, Andrew 
Lillie, I'Tank l.amb; i8()2-()3 — .\ndre\\ Lillie, br.ank Lamb, Peter McArtor; 
1893-94 — i'Vaiik Lamb, Peter Mc.\rlor, James Porter;- iSi;4-i)5 — I'eler Mc- 
/Vrtor, James Porter, J;imes R. .Sieen; 1895-06 — James Porter, James R. 
Steen, James IP Danghert)- ; iSoii-07 — James R. .Steen, J.ames II. Daugh- 
eriy. Iluvji .Mtdseniaii; i8()7-i;,'^ laiiie- II.^heriy. Hugh McKernan, 
tieorge W . W iNon : iSo.s'-,,.)— Iln-li .McKernan. ( leoige W. Wil>on. bTn W. 
Dangiieriy ; 181)9 — llngh .McKernan, ( ieorge W. W'il.son. W. II. McCarter; 
1899-1900 — George W. Wilson, William C. JMcL'arler, O. M. Vance; nxio-or 
— W. PI. McCarter, O. M. X'ance. R. D. Smith; i(;oi-02— (3. M. A'ance, U. 

D. Smith, W. IP AlcCarter; 1902-03— J. C. Shanks, R. D. .Smith, W. IP 
McCarter; 1903-04 — W. IP McCarter, J. (i. Shanks, PI. IP Sefrit; 1904-05 
—John G. Shanks, PTenry IP Sefrit, W. IP McCarter; 1905-06)— John G. 
Shanks, IP IP Sefrit, William V. Killion; 1906-07— IP IP Sefrit. William 
F. Killion, J<ihn G. Shanks; 1(107-08 — William F. Killion, John G. .Shanks, 
IP IP Sefrit; 1908-09— John C. Shanks. II. If. Sefrit. William I-. Killion; 
1909-10 — IP IP Sefrit, William h'. Killion, Robert J. Barr ; loio-ii — Will- 


iain 1". Killimi, Kuljert j. Tiarr, Richard AfclJdiiald; ntn-u — Rol)ert J. 
Harr, Kichanl Mci^onald, JaiUfs T. Sausc; Kju-i^ — Ricliard MclJuiiald, 
Jaints T. Sause, James Al. Alua<ls; kii^-I-I — JaiiK-s T. Sause, James .M. 
Meads, TliDmas II. Arvin ; ii;i4-i3 — J^imes Al. Aleads, 'I'lidmas id. Arvin, 
James T. Sausc; 1^15 — 'riinmas II. .\r\ in, James d'. Sause, L. S. Hurrall. 


Idle eil'lice of cmuiU}- auditor, ;is such, was not established in [3a\-iess 
county until alter se\eral \-ears ui its liist^ry had heen made. Idle clerk of 
the county bnard was, ho\\e\er, tn all intents and purposes the county auditor, 
and tlie lirst ])ersiin to Imld this position in this bailiwick was hjnanuel A'an- 
d'rees, a \ery versatile ami capable public servant, not withstandint^r his evident 
lack of a collej:;e education, bjuanuel \'and'rees was a cunnnunitv builder. 
He knew what he wanted and was ahvf to the interests of Daviess county, 
for which he t;ave the best that was in him in his oflicial capacitv. Wdiile 
not fannliar witli the rules of ortho,i;raph}' nor the "art of speaking the 
I'jiglish jiroperlv," yet the early records of the proceedings of the board of 
commissioners, in his h.andwriting, show ])lainlv that he knew Ik.iw to make 
himself understood, ddiis valued pioneer frontiersman and t(j\vn-builder 
kept the records of the board froiu 1S17 to iS_'4, in which latter year John 
\ and'rees began his luinistralion of the ollice and contimied the same until 
1S45. In the latter year Alatthevv 1.. I'.rett was elected county auditor and 
remained in the olTice four jears. His .successors follow, namely: 1859-67 
— R. X. Read; 1N67-74— N. C. Read; 1N74-S2— d". J. Lavelle; 1882-90— 
James C. Lavelle; 1890-94 — Fdijah II. d'omey ; iS()4-98 — Robert Russell; 
1S98-1902 — Robert Russell; 1002-06 — ddKjmas Xugent ; \uof)-i2 — 'Phonias 
Nugent; 1912-lf) — Rew S. Core, the jiresent incumbent; I(;i6, Jacob fj. 


The clerk of the count}- I)(jard also acted as clerk (jf the circuit court, 
luuanuel A'anTrees first ijerfcjrnied the duties of this office and was succeeded 
bv John A'anTrees about the _\x'ar 1SJ4. ddie latter was succeeded in 1857 
iiy John S. Berkshire, whose incumbency terminated in 1863. Then fol- 
lowed, in 1863-70, Mike Aiurphy; 1870-78 — George Walters; i878'-82 — 
bise])h Wilson; 1882-90 — Josejih J. Lacy; 1890-98 — ddiomas D. Slimp; 
i8().S-ioo2 — ddiomas Harris; H)02-12 — William .\. Wallace; 1912-16 — 
William H. Kiefer; 191') — l'~dwin I".. Aleade. 



iSiO-ij — Oviil I'liiit. appnimcd hy the ,i;()\frii(ir nl" the state to organize 
the county ; US1S-J4 — Daniel Comer; iS24-_'0 — CeDrLje A. Waller: iSjd-^t — 
Richard I 'aimer; lN,'^l-;^.^ — ( ieor^e A. Waller; ■■'^.^S-^N — Unhert Uai)er; 

1838-40 — Andrew Martin; i84i)-43 — \<. Wilhite; 1X43-47 — I!. (", Iwin ; 

1847-51 — R. 11. SuUnii; 1851-34--I;. (iundwiii; i.S34-3() — Isaac W. Alc- 
l iirniack ; 1X311-^0 — 1!. (idodwin; iXdo-dj — jose'ih Uriiwiv; iX<)j-r)4 — 
Michael Xash ; iXfq-dX — Isaac W. Mcl'drmack ; iX(.N-7_> — James M. (iraxes;. 
iX7J-7() — Isaac W. McCdrmack ; iX7r)-7S'— X. (]. Read; 1 S7X-X0 — Zachariah 
J.mes: 1XS0-X4 — l''rancis A. Ward; 1XS4-XX — J.ihn A. liair; iSXX-iXijj — 
(harles (Mlliert; iXi^j-c^r. — John (i. I.emiiu;; iSvfi-ijX — William llowman; 
i8g8-n;no — Jahex A. McCurd; i(jn()-()4 — Jdhn I^. Moii^an; i()04-(;)8 — Miltmi 
I'itzi^erald ; iijoX-i_> — hieldniL; tMllierl; uju-Ki — (ieor^e \V. llarmon; 
HjiC, — Cdn-istiipher H. (inihrie. 


Mijst (jf the cuunly olliciaU were ajiiiin'nted hy the cnnnty .t;ii\erning' 
hod)' ami tor many of the Inst year> of the coniit\''s e:<isteiice this cu.^tcjiii 
ohtained in the selection of the county treasurer. 

KheiKver Jones was appointed ijy the lioard of county connnissioncrs, 
in ]'^I7. t'' the ojtice of i.oniity trea-urer for one- \ear. amJ was re;.'ularK- re- 
appointed for tile term nt one >car unnl i.'Sji, in winch year ffezckiah 
]\ag(hll hecame treasurer. Then ai^'ain came Jones, who remained in charye 
of the county's strong- ( ?) hox until 1831. In the year last mentioned, [ohn 
W. \Valler was appointed, succeediiiii; himself in 1832. ( ieori;e Roddick was 
the iucumhent in 1833, William I'.rutton in 1834 and John W. Waller in 
1835. The hitler resii^ncd the oflicc in Scptemher, 1 ^' V', at which time 
I'.manuel X'auTrees was appointed, rem:iinin_L,' in the oflicc a nnniher u{ years. 
I'Vom 1832. durini.^ which ])eriod .\hraham Perkins was the treasurer, the 
followiu!.;' named persons ha\e ser\-ed the county in this res])onsible position: 
1854-56 — Jolin Thonipson ; i856-(')() — William Sanfonl; 1860-64 — ''• Good- 
win; 1864-67 — \\^illiam Sanfonl: 18^7-70 — ( ieorj^e W. McCaffertv ; 1870- 
74— William Kennedy; 1874-78— John P.. Sjianlding ; 1878-8-'— H. C. 
Prown; i88j-86 — R. II. (ireenwood; i886-(;o — Jose])li P. .Smith: iXqo- 
ij2 — Rohert J. Parr; iXgj-f/') — Henry .\ikman; i8(/i-o8 — John Wadsworth ; 
1898-1900 — Alhi(jn Horrall; 1000-02 — George B. McWilliams; 1002-06 — 
Hilary C. Truelove; 1906-10 — George Godwin; H)io-i2 — Theodore T. 


Jt-ines, will) (lied in 1811, joliii ("lark hciiis apiiuintecl ti> fill the \-acancy ; 
1912-14 — John Clark; njib — Elmer Ihizaii. 

1824-29— J. H. AlcDonald; 1829-;/)— J, Calhoun; iS;/)-40— John M. 
Waller; 1S40-47 — John Hyatt; 1847-1854 — John S. Berkshire; 1854-62 — 
William R. Berkshire; 1862-70 — Knoch Barton; 1870-78 — A. J. Smiley; 
1878-82 — Soluninn Williams; 18S2-90 — John II. Kiilwell; 1S90-94 — John 
Ijuseh; i894-ii)(,(j — hVaneis Ci. Lutes; 1900-1904 — h'riend B. Culliert; 1904- 
08 — William I'. Smuot ; 1908-12 — Henry II. McCracken; 1912-16 — Harry 
1'. X'an'l'rees ; i()i6 — Thomas C. Sini^leton. 


1824-52 — W. II. Uiicii; i852-50--Juhn P. A.^an ; 1856-60 — John Cas- 
sidy; 1860-62— J. I'. Spink; i8(,j-0(, — W. 1'. Bo_\(len; i80()-0S— William 
Shanks; ]8r,8-72— I). 11. Kenned\-; 1872-76 — William Shanks; 1876-88 — 
T. 'J. Smiley; 1888-92 — Cirant I'aith; 181)2-94 — Thumas Xnyent ; 1894-96) — 
Eflward C. l''aitli ; i896-(jS — Alexander C. Swickard; i8i;8-i900 — Xclson 
C Adk'ins; ii)0(j-02 — Thumas J. Sniile\'; 1902-04 — h'ranklin L. Snider; 
1904-00 — (leor'^e L. Harris; i(;n6i-oS — Ge(irL;e .\. h'aith ; 1908-10 — Alhert 
!■". .\nnen ; KjIo-k; — Michael T. M.-iddeii; 1914 — William f. Shanks. 

i8i8-_'6 — Jiiseph Haiigherty ; 182O-31 — P. lilaekhurn: i8j;i-39 — Jiisei)h 
1 )au«;hertv ; i8,:;ii-4i — Samuel A. Bodarmel : 1S41-45 — TliDinas Bruwn; 
'•"^ I. V I')-- Joseph H,iu;;lierty ; l8p)-5l -J. I '. 'rieniMr; 1851-52 — James 
.\larliii; 1852-5^1 — B. I-'. .Meredith; 1854-56 — T. P. WanTrees; i85()-57 — A. 
(i. Williams; 1857-60 — 'i'homas Brown; i8()0-62 — James Solomon; 1862-64 
— W. T. Morgan; 1864-66 — W. ]■".. Ho])kins ; 1866-68 — August Kauffman; 
1868-70 — John Stevens; 1870-74 — I). R. Agan ; 1874-76 — Warren Hart; 
1876-80 — Ellas Grace; 1 880-84— Jesse Winterhottom ; 1884-86 — W. C. 
Slater; 1886-88— James E. Parks; 1888-90— Charles P. Scudder; 1890-96)— 
Charles C. McCown ; 1896-98 — Milton P. Tolliver; 1898-1900 — Chauncey 
E. Trainor; 1900-02 — ( )ra K. McKittriek; 1902-08 — Clifford O. Bonham; 
1908-10 — Union 11. Holder; 1910-12 — Tie lietweeii Holder and Orris E. 
Rett; on a recount Holder heing deelarerl re-elected. 11)12-14 — Orris E. 
Lett; 19 1 4 — LIuette Poindexter. 


PROSECUTrxc; attorxkv. 

iSS(')-SS — James 1). I.aii.i;iilin : i8S(i-()0 — l.c\\i> Stephens; i Si;o-92 — ■ 
William lletTernaii: iS()j-y4 — James Al. lIulT; iSi)4-i;ii — I'eter \\. W'aiK- 
worlli: iNi)(i-(),S — James I!. AIa^^l^all; iS(;N-i()()_| — .\I\in I'adgell; 1904-08' — 
l'Jl,L;ar T. J.aiighlin; 190S-10 — l-'lmer l'~. Hastings; i(;i{)-[4 — ina\-ian A. 
Seal; 1914 — Charles M. Alears. 


William 1 'dike, iSi^-.m, with Kmix and Sulli\an eonniies; l-'rcderick 
Sholtz, iH_'i-25, with Knox. Siilli\an and (ireene; Jnhn l''.\\ing, i8_'5-33; 
William Wallace, 1833-34, with Knox, Sullivan, \ ign and (.)\\en; llenry M. 
Shaw, 1833-3(1; 'I'licimas C Mudre, 1830-31;; Kuheri Al, Carman, 1839-41, 
with Kiiiix and Martin; Ahner Al. l)a\is, 1841-44; hdijali Cha|)man, 1844- 
46; Rirhard A. (/lements, i84ri-47; Aaron Itoughtnii, 1847-50; William K. 
Nililaek, 1850-31, wilh Alartin; \i. Nil)lack, 1851-52; G. (i. l.Jarton, 
1853-55; Jdhn !'■ I'reeland, 1855-57, with Kimx and Alartin; James D. Will- 
iams, i85()-07 and 1871-73; W. .S. Turner, i8ri7-r)(), \\ith KiRix; Andrew 
Humphreys, 1875-77; l^^ivid J. llel'riiii, 1877-83; J, ['. Alclnlosh, 1883-S7, 
with (ireeiie; (ienrge W. All'drd, |887-()|, with Martin; William Kenned)', 
18(^1-95. with Alartin; II. []. Ilnughldii, 1895-90, with Alartin; I'^ih Innian, 
i8()ij-i()03, wilh Kniix ; Richard Alilhnrn, 1903-07, with Duhois; I'lzra Alatt- 
iiigiy, Ii)(j7-ii, 1 lemw Cers, 11)11-15, James I'cirter, [<>15, with I'ike, 

kKl'UK.SEXTATU'KS 1\ TllK l.KtllSLATf Up;. 

Frnm i8j[ to 1852 Ma\-iess cdunly a jnint representati\-e with Alar- 
tin CdUulN. I'Mlldwing are ihe ii.nncs nl repr(•senl;lll\■e^ iDr th;il perind, and 
the \ear in which each ser\ ed ; 

James (J. Reed, 1821 ; William 11. Routt, 1822-23; J^^'nes C. Reed, 1823- 
24; William Wallace, 1825-2O; J.ames C \\Qi:i]. i82ri-3i; William W'allace, 
1831-32-33; F,ra>nuiv Mcjunkin, 0832; DaNid AlcDonaM, 1833-34; Patrick 
M. Brett, 1834-35; Josiah CulherlsMn, 1834-35; Lewis Jones, i835-3('i; James 
Breeze, 1836-37: Ahner M. iXivis, 1837-38; John Flint, 1S38-40; Samuel- 
H. Smyth, 1840-41; Richard .\, Clements, 1841-43; Silas T. Halhert, 1843- 
44; James W Alcfiawhey, 184.1-45; Richard .\. Clements, 1845-46; Zacha- 
riah Walker, 1846-47; hdias S. Terry, 1847-48; Ilcniamin Goodwin, 1848-51; 
(8) '■ . ' 


Julin Sciukler, 1851-52; Rdwlaml Stittoii, 1853; James AlcCMnnell, 1855; T. 
A. Sliccr, J^^j; Ivichard A. Clenieuts, Jr., 1850; Matlitw L. llrclt, i8()i ; 
Noah E. Given, 1863; Howard Grnoke, 1865: Jolin H. O'Neal, 1807; John 
Hyatt, 1869; Robert Haynes, 1871 ; Mailiew 1.. Urett, 1873; Harvey Taylor, 
1875; I'atrick II. AlcCarty, 1877; Saiiuicl II. Taylor, i87(); Clement Lee, 
1881; Jlaman Wod.llin.i^-, 1883; Samuel 11. Taylor, 1885; (Jlner II. Mclvitt- 
rick, 18S9; Henry Aikman, 1891; Josiah G. Allen, i8(j3-<;5; Sanford Tatter- 
sun, 1897; James ]\1. linui^Ii, 1890; James k'. Parks, njoi ; .\ikman Carna- 
lian, elected in 19(1-', died before the meeting- of the 1 .e.L;iskiture ; Paris A. 
Hastings, elected at a special election to fill the vacancy, ser\'ed in the Legis- 
lature of HJ03 ; Harry kl. C'rooke, 11)05; Thomas D. Slimp, 1907; Charles 
A. Banta, 1909; Solomon L. AlcPherson, 1911; John Hoddinott, 1013; 
Ceorge L. klarris, 191 5^ — 


'khe early elections returns of presidential elections, prior to 1844, in 
which Da\iess count)' partici[)ated are missing from the county records, but 
ihe following will be sni'hcient to .sIkjw the political drift in the county since 
that date, ancl also the general result in some of the most important and most 
exciting political contests in national history- 
It is said that no election e\er can>ed more disappointment, both to the 
victors and the \'anf(uished, than that of 1840. CJeneral Harrison had been 
elected by the Whig party, t)\-er .Martin \ an P>uren, the J democratic camli- 
date, by an o\'er\\ helming \'ote. d'his result was a surprise to both [larties. 
idle Whigs were greatly elated and the Democrats were correspondingly de- 
pressed; thev were puz/led, they were grie\ed, they were augr\-. d'he ili^- 
appointment of the Wdiigs came afterward and was of a tlifferent character, 
fine nuinth after (icneral I lan'ison was inaugurated be died, and John d'yler, 
the \ice-presideni, became president. I he death ol llarn^ou was a sad disap- 
pointment to the Wdiigs, but the succession of d'yler, and his .adoption of a 
di\erse administration policy, was regarded as a ])arty calamity. 

in 1844 the Democrats failed in their elTort to re-nomiu;ite \'an Puren, 
after an exciting convention C(jntest, and, for the first time in ])olitical con- 
\ention history, a "dark horse," in the ])erson of James I\. Polk, of lY-nnessee, 
was made the party candidate. Henry Clay was the candidate of the Wdiig 
party. The Daviess county vote 011 these two candidates, at the election held 
in Novemlier, 1844, was: CTay, 807; Polk, 764. Indiana ga\'e its twelve 
electoral votes for Polk", with a p<i]iular vote of 70,181 for Polk, and 67,867 
for Clav. In the national electoral vote, Polk received 170, and Clay 105. 



The candidates \ov president in I1S4X' were, Zacliarv Taylor, W'hit,^; 
Lewis Cass. l3eniocrat, and Martin X'an lUiren, tlie candidate of what was 
known as tiie "iM'ee Soil" jiarty. in this contest the Whig party was again 
successful, electing- its candidate hy a total electoral x-oie of 163 to 127 for 
the o]jposing candidate. Indiana gave its twehe electoral votes to Cass, the 
])(.ipular \'ote heing 74,745 for Cass; 69,907 for Taylor. Van Huren, the 
I'Tee S(jil candidate, received S,ioo \-otes in the state. In this election, 
Daviess county ga\e 735 votes for Taylor, 708 for Cass and 2 for Van Buren. 


The death (jf Taylor, soon after his to the [iresiilency, \vas tiie 
second disappointment of the kind e.xperiencetl l)y tlie Whig party. The 
agitation of the slavery question, and policies for the extension or restriction 
of sia\e territory hail heconie a prominent pohtical issue. (Jn this question 
the Whig i)arty was divided, (he northern wing heing anti-.slavery, or, at least, 
opjjosed to the extension of that institution into the free territories; the south- 
ern wing of the ]jarty holding to opjjosite \iews on this question. Tlu)ugli 
General Taylor was a Southeiaier, and a slas'cholder, he was .su])|)orled by 
the northern contingent of the party, although with some misgivings. Tay- 
lor lived long enough to make it evident that slavery, as a political power, 
could not rely on him to assist it in its struggle with Northern sentiment. 
His death was a grievous disappointment of these lio])es. h'illmore, the 
vice-president, who succeeded Taylor, became an acti\'e agent in ]>romoting 
the com])romise measures, which the anti-sla\'ery contingent of the Whig 
part)- abhorred. 

In 18^2 the Whigs nominated (ieneral Winlield Scott, as their candi- 
date for president, but the conxentiou that nimiinated Scott was not char- 
acterized bv political harnionw The advocates of the respective sides of the 
domiu.'uit issue, the slaxery questioiL were much in evidence. The Demo- 
crats nominated Franklin Tierce as their candidate. John P. Male was the 
candidate of the anti-slavery faction (if the Democratic jiarty, known as the 
ITee .Soil I )emocrats. Of tlie total electoral vote, F'ierce received 254, and 
Scott, 42. Indi:ma gave its i j; electoral votes to l^ierce; the po]iular vote for 
the several candidates was: Pierce, 95,340; Scott, 80,901 ; Hale, 6,929. ']"he 
Daviess county vote was: Pierce, 720; Scott, 826; Hale, 6. 




The election of 1S5J ,L;a\e the (leaili-l)lo\v In the W'liig party. It had 
ricrveil its [)uri)t)se, if it liad any, and liad nulhved its nhcfnhiess. It was 
unahlc to cipi.- wilii the one \itai i^sne nf the da\-, of shnei')- in the terri- 
liiries. A remnant of the Wlni;- parly fcrnied a Cdinhination wiili tlie Amer- 
ican, or "l\no\\-N'othing" ]iany, nnder the name of American-W'hifj^ [larty, 
.ind presented JNlillard iMUnidre as ii^, can(hdate for president, in 185^1. The 
1 )emocratic canchdaie was James linelianan. Tiie new Kepnlihcan jiarty 
made its first app(,'arance in this year with John C. Fremont as candidate fur 
president. Tlie resnlt nf the eleetion was 174 electoral \'otes for I'.tichanan, 
114 fur i'"remiint and S for iMllnmre. iUichanan recei\ed the thirteen elec- 
toral \otes of Indi.ana. The popnlar \(.te was: Ihichanan, iiS.r)7o; l-"re- 
mont, y4.,v 5 : Fillniure, JJ.^So. The L)a\'iess coinitv \'iite was: Ihichanan. 
1.113: lo'llniure, <;3i;; I'^remont, 2f>. 


In this election it was the Democratic party that was affectetl h)' tlissen- 
^ion and di\-ision, dne to tlie elTorts of eoniendin^!^ facti(jns to control the con- 
vention, and dictate the part\' policy res^ardiny the sla\er\- (|ue>tion. The 
resnlt of this dissension w;i> the nomination nf Stephen .\. l)(iu,i;l;is, hy the 
northern win,;.^ of the party; and Jdhn C. Ih-eckinrid^ije, hy the sonlliern fac- 
tion. The parly, which h;id ne'W hecome a slron;^, aggressive 

'I ganization. presented .\hrahrnn Lincoln as its candid;ite. The Constitu- 
ui>nal L'nion party, compused of remnanls of the .\mericrni and Whig 
parties, had John I'.ell as iheir candidate. .Ml these candidates receix'cd a 

li.ire ni the elccloral vole in the geiicr:d cleciiuii, as f^'llow: Lincoln, 180; 
i'.rcckinridge. JJ; nonglas. u: WuU. ^n. liidiaiKi's lliirteeii electoral \-otes 
\\ere cunnted fur Lincoln. ( )f the ])opidar \ote of the st;ile, Lincoln recei\ed 
i_S9,033; Douglas, 115,509; Ih-eclcenridge, i_',_'<;5; Hell. ^.y>^>. In Da\iess 
comity Lincoln recei\'ed 934: Douglas, 749: lireckeiiridge. 5-'9; Lell, 133. 


The secessi(Mi of several of the Southern slavery states, and the result- 
ing Civil War, following tlie election of Lincoln, funn ;i chapter in American 
histi.rv that is lievcnd the scnpe of a work of this character. There was a 
new alignment of political jiarfies in consec|nence of the rehellions action of 


the Southern states. ^Maiiy nf the leadiii;; neiiiocrats (jl the Ntjrth came tu 
the .support of Lincohi. Anmntr iln> i]yst, ami innst pnniiinent of these, was 
Steplien A. Douglas, Deniocratie caiuh(hite in opiidsition to Liiicuhi in the 
election. The death of DouL^las, s(]Mn after the inau,i;iiralion <>i I.inculn, was 
a serinus loss to the latter\ a<lniiiiisiratii/n and ihc cause of the L'nion. 
Political lines, however, were not win ill}' ohliterated im account of distrac- 
tions of the I'ivil War. While the Democratic part) wa^ seriouslv disrupted, 
hecause of the large Southern elenient that had left it. vet it -till was an 
aggressive, militant part\-, a narly to he reckoned with in the election of iS'q. 
In that year the Democrats iiad for their candidate ( ieneral ( ienrge l!. Mc- 
Clellan, a hrilliant soldier, and wry popular. The Kepnhlican partv renom- 
inated IJncoln. A fraetioti of the Kepuhlican part_\', who were dissatisfied 
with Dincoln's ;itlmim'straton, nominated John (". l'"remont, hut he afterward 
withdrew from the canvass, and left the c<iiitest hetween Lincoln and Mc- 
Cdellaii. The result of the election was a decided endorsement <if Lincoln's 
administration. Of the total electoral vote. Lincoln received 2i_', Mc( 'lellan, 
21. Tht thirteen electoral \-ote.s of ln<liana were gi\-en to JJncohi. The 
popular vote was: i50,4_'j for Lincoln; 130,233 for McClcllan. Da\'iess 
county gave Lincoln, 1,227, ■"!'' ^IcClellan i,2()f). 

Ttll", ELF.C'TION OF ] RAH. 


General Ulysses S. Grant was the Repulilican candidate for |)resident in 
1868; Lloratio Seymour was the Democratic candidate. The military 
achievements of Grant, and his great poinilarity, especially among the .soldiers 
who served in his command, made his election a foregone conclusion. The 
\oting was a mere formality. Of the electoral vote Grant received 214; 
Seyiuour, 80. Indiana gave thirteen electoral votes to Grant, and a popular 
vote "i 170.532. .Soyniour's Indian.a \-ole was i (')(), (j8c:). Daviess county 
ga\e (irant 1,082, Seymour, 1,732. 

TWE KI.ECriON (U- 1872. 

The caiupaign for the presidency in 1872 was characterized h\' some- 
thing in the nature of political freaks. General firant was the necessary 
and logical cantlidate of the Republican party, but there was a considerable 
disaffection in that jiarty. Several leading Republicans had been in disagree- 
ment with certain features of Grant's administration policies, and refused to 
support him for re-election. Among the leaders of the opjiosition was 

m8 DAViicss county, iniuana. 

Jli)race Grecle_\-, who was actively iclcntilifil with the ori^anization of the 
kcpuhhcan party. The disaffecteil element held a convention ami organized 
die Liberal-Kepublican party, and nominated Horace Greeley for candidate 
for President, lly action of the Democratic eon\enli()n, (Jreelev was en- 
dorsed as the Democratic candidate. Greeley had been most bitter in his 
dennnciation of the Democratic party and it was regarded as a political 
freak for that party to ado])t (ireeley as a party leader. A straight Demo- 
cratic candidate, in the jierson of Charles O'Conor, was brought out by an 
element of the parly who declined to f(;llo\v the Greeley leadershii). The 
I'rohibition part\' made its I'lrst ajjpearance in this campaign, with a presi- 
dential candidate in the ]>er^on of James l^lack'. Greeley died a few da\-s 
after the election, and before the electoral \'otes were counted. In the elec- 
lion Grant recei\ed .^No of the 341) electorrd \-otes. Indiana's fifteen elec- 
toral \otes were coiuited for (u-ant. Indiana's po])uIar vote: Grant, iHh,- 
147; Greeley, lO^.i'i^J ; ( )'Gonor, 1,417. Daviess C(iunt\' vote : (_lrant, 1,014; 
Greele\-, i.OuS; D'Conor, 17. . . 

THE liLECTlON OF I876. ' . . 

The candidales for the [jresidency in ICS76 were; Uulherford B. Hayes, 
Republican; Samuel J. Tilden, Democrat; ( Ireen tTay .Smith, i 'lohibitiou ; 
I'eter (.'01 per, ( ireehback'. '1 he contest was e.xciting and ilie result of the 
election close, and 111 dispute. ,\n eleelion eonimission liuall)' settled the mat- 
ter b\' gi\ing I la\-es 1S3, and Tilden 184 electoral \otes. The popular vote 
of Indiana in that election wa.s, Tilden. ji,^.3j(); ll;lye:^, _'(i8,oii; Cooper, 
;, -'33 ; Smith, 141. Da \-iess county ; 'I'ilden, _'.35o ; 1 1 ayes, j,o_'6 ; Cooper, 25. 

Tiiic Ei.iccTioN OF 1880. 

riie preMdenlial caiidid;ites were, James A. Garfield, Uepublican; Wm- 
lieUl S. Hancock, Democrat; James W. Weaver, Greenback ; jXeal Dow, 
i'rohil)iti(jn. The electoral vote waN divided between (larfu'ld and Hancock, 
(iarlield receiving JK], and Hancock 155. 'I'he fifteen electoral \(_ites tif liidi- 
;uia were cast for (kirbeld, and the popular vote of each candidate was: 
Garfield, 232,164; Hancock, 225,522; Weaver, 12,986. Daviess county gave 
Hancock 2,387; Garfield, 2,320; Weaver, 85. \ 



The candidates in 1884 were James G. Pdaine, kepuhlican ; Grover Cleve- 
land, Democrat; Benjannn \\ lUiller, I'oinilist; John P. St. John, Prohi- 
bition. The electoral vote was di\ideil between (/leveland and iilaine, 
Cleveland receiving 219, and IMaine, i8_'. Cleveland received Indiana's 
fifteen electoral votes. The popular vole was: Cle\'eland, 244,990; Plaine, 
238,463: Ikitler, 8,293; St. John, 3,028. The vote of Daviess county was 
2,480 for Cleveland; 2,278 for P.laine; 113 for P.utler; 2 votes for St. John, 
in \'an [^)uren townshi]). 


General P.enjamin fbarrison, of Indiana, was the Pepniiltcan candidate 
for {'resident, in 1 8,S,S ; (;ro\er I kAeland, the Democratic caiididate for re- 
election; ( linton II. iM-^k, Prohiliiiion; .\. J. Sireeter, Greenback. Harrison 
recei\'ed 233 electoral \'oles: ("le\ eland, 168. Indiana's popul;ir xnlc; Har- 
rison, 2(>3.30i ; (Icvcland, 261,013; h'i-T-, 0,8X1; Streeter, 2,694. I3aviess 
count)- voted, HarrisoiL 2,6i;4; Cleveland. 2,6,Si;; p'isk, 0; Streeter, 39. 

Tiiii ELi:crio.\' OF 1S92. 

General t larrison was a candidate for re-election on (he lve])ublican 
ticket, in 1802; (irover Cle\elanil was a^ain the candidate of the Demo- 
cnilic iiart\. The candiilate of ihe rrohibnion ]jartv was John Bidwell; 
James P. Weaver was the People's p;irty candid.ite. (Ji the electoral vote 
Clevelan<l received jyy, Harrison, i_|5; Indiana's lifteen electoral votes were 
counleil in the Cleveland column. The iiopniar vote of Indiana for llie sev- 
eral c,indid;Ue> was; Clevel.ind, 202,740; Harrison, 235,615; Weaver, 
jj.jiiX; I'.idwell, 25. N07. The coiiti-ihntion oi I ):iv less conni) to this vote 
was. 2.40N for C'leveland; 2,0io for Harrison; (;o8 f(.)r Wea\er: 55 for 

Tine ELi:("no\ of i8()6. 

W' .McKinlev was the Pepnblican candidate for President in 189O; 
W. J. Pi-\an v\as the candidate of the Democratic party, on a free-silver 
pl.atform; John Al. P.almer was the candidate of the fac.tion of the Demo- 
cratic party that was not in accord with Pryrm's free-silver ideas; Joshua 
Pevering was the Prohibition candidate. Of the electoral vote, McKinley 


receiNX'd J71, Bryan, 176. Imliana distrihuted its pnpnlar vote anujiig llit; 
several candidates, t^iving- Mcivmley 3_'3,754; lli-yan, 305,573; I'alnier, 
_M45 ; Levering, 3,19-'. Daviess cmuily vote; AlcKinley, 3,1-0; Jjryan, 
3,378; Levering-, 19. 


Tiie election of 1900 was practically a renewal of the contest of 1896. 
William .McKinley was the Reimblican candi<late for re-election to the 
presiclenc)', and William Jennings rir)an made his sec(ind race as the candi- 
date of the Democratic part}'. John (j. Woolley was the candidate of the 
I'rohibition party, and h'ngene Dehs, candidate of the Socialist part}-. ?\lc- 
Kinley was again elected, Indiana's fifteen electoral \-(ites contrihnting to 
that resnlt. The following is the popnlar vote of Indiana in this election: 
.McKinley. 33f>.ori3 ; L'.ryan, 305,584; \\'o(jlley, 13.71S; Dehs -',374. The 
vote of Daviess county was; McKinley, 3.298; J'.ryan, 3,424; Woolley, 
t75 ; Dehs, 168. 


The death of Mclvinley within a }-ear after the heginning of his second 
term made Theodore Roosevelt, who had heeiT electetl as \ice-president, suc- 
cessor to the presidency. Ivoosevelt was the candidate of the Reinihlican 
party for President, in 1904; .Mton I!. I'arker, the Democratic candidate; 
Swallow, the I'rohibition candidate, and Debs, the Socialist candidate. Roose- 
velt received a majority of the electoral vote, including the fifteen from In- 
diana. Of the- popular \'ote of Indiana, Roosevelt received 368,289; Parker, 
274,345; Swallow, 23,496; Del)s, 12,013. Daviess county divided its vote 
as follcjw : Roosevelt, 3,682; I'arker, 2,802; Swallow, 169; Debs, 148. 


William Jennings Jiryan made his third race as candiilate of the Demo- 
cratic party for the presidency in 1908. WiUiam Howard Taft was the can- 
didate of the Republican party; Chafm of the I'rohibiti(jn party; Del^s 
of the Socialist party, and Watson, of Georgia, was the candidate of 
the Populist party. Indiana's fifteen electoral votes were given to Taft. 
The popular vote of the state for the several candidates was: Taft, 348,993; 
P)ryan, 338,262; Chafin, 18,045; Debs, 13,476; ^Vatson, 1,193. Daviess 
county's vote: Taft, 3,424; Bryan, 3.253; Chafin, 134; Dehs, 204; Wat- 
son, 53. 


Till': ELECTION OF 1<)I_'. 

Tlie Ivc'imhlican cunventinn <jf xju, like that ol" llic Democratic party 
in i8()(), resulted in a split. William II. Tafi was nominated I'or re-electimi 
hy the regular Rcpnhlican (irgaiiization. The disseiitiiin faction, at a 
snlisc(|nem convention, orL;anize(l tlie I'rogressi\e party and nominated Theo- 
dore Roiiscvclt fur President. W'oddrow WilMni \\a> the nominee of the 
JX'iiiocratic party, and Chalin and 1 )ehs were the candidates of the i'rohihi- 
tiim and Sncialist parties, respecti\el\'. In the fcjllowing- election Wilsmi 
recei\-ed Indiana's hlteeii electoral \'Mtes, and a safe majority of the elec- 
toral votes. The p(.i]nilar \'ote of Indiana was: Wilson, 281,890; lv(jose- 
velt, \f)2.ooj: Taft, [51, Jf)/; Deh-,, ji^.g^i; Chalin, \<).-i.\tj. Daviess cuunty 
\'oted 2,/^[) for W'iKdii: J, 003 for Taft; 1,001 for l\(i(jse\elt ; 150 fur 
ehatiii; 3_7 f,.r Dehs. 



In the early tliirties tlie people of Indiana went wild in their ellurts 
t(i compete with some of the (jlder i'.astern .states in the location and con- 
struction of internal inipro\-ements. l\ailr(.ia(l projects which had heen pro- 
moted in some of the ha>tern states, were still in the ex]>eriniental staye. 
I""or land transportation the old statue coach was considered the ni(jst depenil- 
ahle, and for (he "greater ci>n\'enicnce and comfort of this means of tra\el 
the puhlic enterprise was enlisted in the construction of |)lank roads. Taxes 
were laid anil larj^c expenditures were ni.ade in \.h\^ method nt impro\ement 
of some of the main lhoroui;hlares tra\eled 1)\' the sta!;e coach. The lari;er 
handliuL;' 'if pnhlic tr.allic and the nmre e>.ten>i\e tra\el nt times was 
h\' boats, and ihe localmn cil e;irl\- -etLlements and towns at points, either 
on a ri\er or ea.sih- accessilile t(.) a n;i\it;ahle watercourse, was considered an 
important adxantat^e. .\s the i)hysical formation of the coiuitry did not 
pro\itle for navij^ahle watercourses sulficieni to meet the dem.and, puhlic turned to the construction <d' canals to su|iply (he dellciency. The 
construction of canals w;is not a new ]>iiijecl. .Most of the ancient nations 
had canals. Tln' l\iL;A']itiaiis \-er\- carle made a canal coiinecliuL;' the X'ile 
with the i\eil .^ea. The i;fe:it canal of China was constructed ahonl the 
seventh century. The I'.rie canal, so imiiortant to Xew ^ Hrk cit\', was hei;un 
ill 1N17 and com]iIeted in i(Sj5. Main' of the older I'lasteru states had cou- 
liaicted canals, and lhe\- had heen in successiul operation lor several X'cars 
hefore the iilea striuk the people of Indiana. 

Ihe act of t oMi;rcss uiakmi; llie lirst L;ianls |,ii- ilie construction 
1.1' the W aii.ash ^K- krie caii.d was passed in 1SJ7. The act of the Indiau.i 
J .e^islature, authoriziut; the commencement of the work, was [jassed at the 
session of 18^50-31. A second "[rant of hands for the continuation of the 
canal from the mouth of the Tip])ecaiioe ri\er to Terre 1 haute was ]>;issed 
hy ('ouf^ress in i8_^i. .\ third ,L;rant <if half of the unsold lands in the 
N'incennes land district, for the continuation of the canal from Terre Haute 
In the Olhr) ri\er at lA'ansville, was made hy (."on,<4'ress in 1845. The work 
on the canal was l)ei.;"un at k^irt W'a^iie in 1832, hnished from Toledo, Ohio, 
t 1 Lafayette in 1841, to Terre Haute in i8-)<), and to Evansville in 1S52. 



In the meantime Indiana was yi'ing to the limit in the [jrumotiun of 
plank roads, railroads, and other internal imi)r()\ementb. During these 
years so much work in the wa}' ui pulilic imjiroN ements was in progress in 
the state that wages were high, and all kinils of produce and pro\isions were 
' bringing good prices. The great amount of money that was paid out for 
labor and produce, ap[)arentl)', made go(jd times in all i)arts of Indiana where 
this work was being tlone. lUit this was lictitii>us priisperity. The jm'os- 
perity was onK- apparent. '1 he peoi)le had gone wild m extravagance; they 
engageii in much speculati(jn lor which promis'-orv' note-, were gi\en. with 
little regard for the future pa_\--da\-. 'I"he retail merchants C(jntracte(l debts 
with the wholesale merchants. They sold ijuantities of goods on credit to 
then" customers, wlm were whull}' dependent nw tliese works lor the moni'y 
witli which to pa\- their store accounts. The cra^h came in 1S47, and ihci'e 
was a general suspeusiun ol e\er\ m irl o( business. 1 he state was in\cil\ed 
in the hnancial di.^a-'ler; thou^'anil.-i of men who were on the rcjad tw fortime 
Could do Udthing Ijul >tand idl\- b\- and see their foud hopi/s disappear. (LI. 
W. Al. (.'ockrum. of ( )akland ( Uy. Indiana, anlln'r i<\ the "I'idiieer llislciry 
of Indiana," relating the condition t<\ financial di>iresN pre\ailing at that 
time, sa_\'s : 

"So wide was the disasler in the countrv' bordering on ihcse undertak- 
ings of the slate that it was verv' distressing. In iSoS there were sd many 
indi\idnals in\ol\ed in thai ruin that it was \ery eniliarrassing to all ihe peo- 
ple. At the meeting of the 1 .cgislatnre, in iN.V'^, <io\ei"ru.'r Wallace, in his 
message said: "Never before — 1 speak achisfdly — ne\-er before lia\e \-on 
witnessed a period in (jur local bistorv which more nrgenlK' calls I'nr llie e.\er- 
ci>iug m| all ihc soundc.^l .uid be>l allnluUes o| gra\e and |iairii'lic legi.^lalion 
ill. Ill ihe present.' 

"Tu 1S3^' work was susi)eiuled nii most of the slate impr< i\ emeiits and 
tlie contracts surrenderetl. It became evident that the slate could ih>l limsli 
all tiiese works. The Legislature of 1S41 passed an act auihori/mg am- 
prixate company to lake charge nf and complete any of the work, e.xcejtt 
the Wabash & b>ie canal, it was tliMcght ihat by the aid of the go\erri- 
ment the state cimld finish the canal in the next few )ears. The slate made 
several allem|)ls in this direction without success. l'',\er\thing lay (|uiet 
until 184O, when Charles lUitler. who re])rescnted the bondholders, nlfered 
to lake the state's inlerest in the canal for one-half the debts, and f(jr the 


laiuls grained fur its cinisiniclion. J Ic prupnsL'd [n finish the canal nii this 
CiiiuhtiDii, and the further eijnditiun that the slate wnukl issue new eerlili- 
cates for tiie other half, ami pay interest at four per cent. ])er annum, the 
state reserving the right of redemption." 

d he stale accepted this proposition and the canal was fnushed under 
this management. It was completed and began o]ieration from Terre Haute 
to lL\'ans\ille in 1S52. I he entiie length of the canal in Indiana was three 
liundred and mnet_\-li\e miles; in ( )hio, eighty-four miles, making its entire 
length luur hundred mid se\ent\'-niiie miles. 

I'lioMisixi; iN'\']-.s'iMi:.\T.s CI) i:i,i.M.N:i-:i;j.\'t;. 

The construction <.)f the W'ahash & I'lrie canal, and the h(j[)es and ambi- 
tions the enteri>rise aroused, the lailures and disappi iiniments e.xperieiicetl, is 
all a part of the liistor)' (jf l)a\iess count)', .\long the meandering course of 
the canal, through the county, sex'cral towns were located, ami thei'e was (piite 
a demand lor town lots, the ])rice oi |-ual estate in the \'icinity of the canal 
route materially increasing. .Some of these towns were laid out on a large 
scale; se\'eral houses were built, including stores, ami small industries of 
\arious kinds were established. 1 )uring the short time the canal was in 
(Operation, some (jf the towns became extensi\'e shipping ]ioints for grain 
and produce, and the merchants located tliere enjoyed a large trade from 
the surrounding country. lUit all the Ijright prospects and ])runiising finan- 
cial investments went glimmering when the canal failed. The site of these 
nourishing towns is now but a memory. The thousands of thjllars expended 
by Daviess county in the canal project was com])ensated, in some meastire, 
however, by the bringing in of a large immigration and the consequent de\el- 
opnient of the material rescjurces of the countv. 

The anionnl of labor and patient energy expended in the digging of 
the canal is a wonder to the i)rcsent age. That before the da\' of the 
steam shovel and other modern macliinerv for such work, all work of exca- 
vating being laboriously d<jne by pick and sho\-el. Irish laborers were 
mostly employed for this work, as they were the most expert in hand- 
ling the implements used. The dirt was loaded into a wheelbarrow, or a 
dump cart drawn by a mule, and carried to the place of duni])ing. The ]j1oW' 
and scraper were nsetl to some extent by a few of tlie contractors; but most 
of tlie work in the construction of that great ditch was the slciw jjrocess 
abo\'e stated. The trace of tlie old canal can still be followed in its course 
ihrough l)a\iess count)'. In many places tleep exca\ations are seen, giving 


some idea of the inl^len^e cost, .uul the ,^re:it anviunt of time and hilmr 
required in the rem(.i\al (jf aU the dirt w itli sh(i\el and wheelharrow . 


There are still a few uf the citizens ui l)a\iess cuunt\- li\ing wlin were 
emplo_\-ed in the dis^ginj^' of the canal in this count)', and ilio>e who lia\e had 
that experience, and a memor)- reachint; hack to tiial time, can relate man\- 
interesting incidents connected with that i,'reat eiUerprise. Amoni^- iIiom.- 
who ha\e hail this e.\pi.-rience. and a nieuKjry to relate it, i^ Warren 
("Dodge") Hart. Mr. I lart li\es at May>vil!e, one of the tl(juri>hing towns 
in canal days; nuw a ileserted \illage. .Mr. liart i^ the authority for the 
following statements relating to the digging of the through this 
county : 

Mr. Marl introduces himselt as the "iigger" ho\', a \er\- imp(irtant and 
necessary function, second only to tlie paynmster with the canal diggers. 
The "jigger" was aliout two swallows (d" \\lu>ke\', and the numhei" of "jig- 
gers" that a contractor would gi\e a da\- to his emplo\ee>- was a> important 
a consideration a-^ the amount of mone\' he would gi\'e f(ir lahor. ( )ne dollai" 
per day was the usual monc}- con.sidL-ralion, ,ind the numlier of "jiggers" 
was fixed li}- agreement, fixe to ten a d;i\- being tla- usual allowance. It was 
not unusual for .a contractor who was short of hands l^ increase the numher 
of tlaily "jiggers" over the allowance hy other contractors. Tiiis i)ro|)osed 
increase Ijrought the contractor ;ill the hands he needeil. it was the dut\- of 
Mr. Hart, as "jigger" hoy, to see that the agreed numher and specil"ied 
anioimt was deh\ered on time, ('ontractors houLdit whi^l<e\- h)- the liarrel, 
at ahout twenty cents per gallon, --o the "jigger" was not an e.\])eiisi\ e lu.\-ur\- 
in thoM- times. 

.*sonie of the contractors who had contracts for wurk m tin- counte 
were 'd)oo" .Mun->on, t'oflee and I'.urns. Most of their emplo\ees were irisli. 
.After the canrd linished mrin\- of these had s;i\ed up enough mone\- 
to huy land and locate in the count\-, settling mostl\- in I'.arr and Wash- 
ington townships. Man\- ni the-e families liecame i>rominent in C(.'unt\ 
afl'airs, and have contrihuted no small part to the de\elopnient of the countv. 

I.ahorers li\'ed in rude shanties, sometimes cooking their own meals. 
Others olnained meals from ho;irding houses that were estahlished at e\ erv 
"(lumi)." The rations usually consisted of hread, potatoes, and ])lent\' of 
i)lack coffee, sweetened with molasses. Meat was on the hill of fare ahout 
once a week. The lahorers recei\ed their wages e\'er\' three months. l';i\- 


da)' was the occasion iov a huliila)-, in which drnnl-cs and lights were tlie 
])rincipal amusement. 

In most cases tlie C()ntractijrs liad one section eacli, and these sections, 
as a rule, were a mile lon;^-. Where the sections rc(jnired heavy work they 
were made shorter, in order that llie work mi^ht ;dl he cnmiileted ahout the 
same time, d he embankments were made hy hanlini;- the dirt in one-horse 
carts. The nsn;d outfit iur a crew of men, -where the haul was not o\'er 
two Inmdred \ards, was lour carts and four men to each cart to slio\-el in 
the dirt. I he work was so timed that the loaded cart w;is read\- to pull 
out as soon as an empty cart was returned to he loaded. ( )\'er each sffuad 
of forty men there was a hoss ; nsuall}' the most inijjortant man on the 
\vi)rks, the hoss let no opportiniitv escajjc to magnify his office. 


Ihere were nu restrictions then on the sale of into.xicating lic|nor. 
Whiskey was as free as water, and td'ten more easily obtained than water, 
ddiere was great opporiunit)- for pmlitable business in setting up a "grocery" 
or "doggery," as drinking places were called, in the \icinit)' of the canal 
works. A board shanty and a liarre! of whiskey was all the preparation 
necessarv to ei|uip a business place of this kind. As a rule, contractors 
(objected to establishments of this kind l>ecause of the tlenioralizing effects 
among their emplo)'ees, and the_\' would not jiermil whi.ske)' joints to remain 
within their jurisdictitjn. 

The canal followed the water-le\'el (jf rivers as far as [jracticable. In 
many places the fall was so great that it was necessary to bnih.l locks in 
order to secure a new water-level. The locks were made of sufticient length 
to accommodate the largest boats, and were about eighteen feet wide. The 
material useil was heavy hewn timber, with \erv hea\\' double g.ates at each 
le\'el. Se\eral locks of tliis kinil were built on the canal in Da\iess county 
by Contractor Alunson. (Jne oi these was about two miles below lilnura, 
called the "l'atters(jn Lock." There was one at Plainx'ille, one at Jordan 
station, one at 'fhomas station and one at Sandy Hocjk. .American laborers 
were exclusively employed in the building of locks, culverts and constructive 
work wdiere timber, was re(|uire(l. Irish sk'ill \\as better adapted to the 
handling of a sho\el than the bmadaxe. 

An ai|ueduct was built across ihe east furk ol White ri\'er, just east 
of the junction of the cast and west forks of that stream. This w;is quite 


an extensive :uul expensise slnuiure, anil an inipMrlanl link ccnneetinn the 
canal in Da\' ci innly with its Miulliern exti-einilx. 1 )nrinL; the ('i\il War, 
A\hen southei'n Indiana was in a stale of teiTur cm aecdinil ut the .Miiri^an 
raid, Gu\'ernor Ahirtun oi-dercd a hattery tn he sent, on rei| of citizens 
of Daviess connly, to defend this a([nednct aijainst a ](o>silile atleni]it of 
the ruthless raider to de>trov it. If Afori;an e\er lia<l an\' such designs, 
or had e\er heard of the a(|ueduel, he was too ]>usy Inidini; a way of esea|je 
from the invincilile "llouie (iuards" to oive the matter an)' special attention. 
The aqueduct was lun-ned Ii\- ferry-lioat men aliout the close of (hf C"i\'il 
\\'ar, hut the canal had ceased operati(jns prior to that time and the hiSS 
was not material. 

The canal was tested in 1S.S2 hv letting' in the water to disciwer if 
there were an\- leaks. Iloats hej^an runnin<^ in the earlv part of 1S53 and 
continued until 1860. wdien na\igation was suspended and the canal was 
practically abandoned on account of railroad couipetition. The motive 
power was mules, two or more nniles heini; hitched tantlem for the hea\-y 

ciKJi.icn.v Ki'inEi\ric. 

The .Asiatic cholera, which had been |)re\aleut throu!:^hont (3hio, fudiana 
and mine lis during the years 1S41) to US51, made its appearance in Daviess 
county in the summer of 1852. 'i"he disease was most ]irevalent among the 
laborers on the canal. Their manner (jf living, with little regard lor sani- 
tary conditions or cleanliness of habit, offered a special invitation to this 
disease, and the attack was almost universally fatal. Within a few days 
after the appearance of the disease a number of deaths occurred. These 
were mostlv in the camps located in the \'icinity of l'lain\ille and Sandy 1 look. 
l'"ollo\\ing the first attack a number of men lied from the camps. Some of 
ihc^c bail abeadx' the ])oisou of tlk- disease in their svstems and this soon 
liecame \'irulent, resulting in dt^alb within a few hours. It was not an unusual 
occurrence for men lleeing from the afllicted camps t(j be attacked with the 
disease and die on the roadside. X'ictims oi the disease in camp were often 
left l\'ing for da\'S before being gi\en burial, few able persons being left 
io attend to this duty. Some were liuricd in the little shanties where the\- 
died. Other bodies were buried in long trenches b\- fiaends who br;i\'eil 
danger and remained to care for the sick and dying. .\ number cjf graves 
of cholera \'iclims were located in the vicinity of Sand\- ilook, but all traces 
of these ha\e disa])]ieared. There is no record of the miniber of ik-;itlis 
resulting Ironi this e]iidemic. 



In 1850, an iMij^lisli ij;\Mitlenian. naincil Pieslf, anil his family, came o\-er 
from l'jiL;"lanil. and, like all \■i^it^lI■^ lo America licfurc the (."i\il War, they 
had III make a tour nf the W'est. The)- reached Indiaiiapi ilis, tra\-eling by 
ri\er and rail, and alter remaining;" at that jilace fur some time, Ijcmght a 
team of horses and a sprin.t^- wagon and proceeded hy the Xational road to 
Terre Haute. They were detained there for sexcral months on account of 
sickness. They then decided to aliandon their contem]ilated trip to St. l^ouis 
in the wagon and return In' the W'ahash iK: I'^.rie canal, which was then in 
operation. The following extract from a ^k'etidi written hy .Mr. I'e^te relat- 
ing his experience on this trip, and describing the appointments and accom- 
modations of a canal boat, is reproduced from "Readings in Indiana His- 
tory," published b}- Indiana Uni\-ersity : 

"At fi\'e o'clock in the afternoon, we ste]i]>eil from the little (|uay at 
Terre Haute on board the Indian;i canal boat. Three horses were harnessed 
to a ro|)e, alxint lilt\- \ards ahead ot the boat; they starteil at a moderte trut, 
and the town where we had tarried so long was soon lost to our sight. No 
other iiassengers were on board, and we wandered over the vessel well pleased 
with the promise it ga\-e us of accommodation. The captain, a 
Aery >'oung man, was ci\il and attenti\e to our waiU>, and told us that tea 
wiiuld be served at .se\'en o'clock, which theri.', on that ila\', was the jirecise 
hour of suiT^et. 

"The construction of the canal boat wa^, in miniature, much the same as 
that of the ri\er and hake steamers. Thcs-e was no hold or under deck, luit 
on the deck at the stern were raised the kitchen, steward's room and offices; 
m the center of the boat was the Large >aloon — the sitting room of all by 
da\', the slce]iing room of male pa-seiigers b\- night, .\djoiniug it was the 
ladie>' >aloon ; be\ oud which, again. wa> a sniall cabin conlaimng onl\ four 
berths. This cabin was separated li\' a iloorwa\- and curtain from the ladies' 
saloon, and the other side o]iened upon the bow of the \-essel. In it was a 
looking glass, a h:ind basin, two /towels, a comb and a brush for the use of 
the ladies. 

"It was a rule in the boats that no gentleman should go into the ladies' 
saloon without exjiress inxitation from the ladies. Consequently the third 
little room was s.acred to the fem.ale sex, unless entered from the bow, in 
which case a male occu]i;uit would cut off the ladies fmni their wash house. 
jJoctor Read had, howe\-er, declared that it was necessary that I should 


have this small room, in unlcr ihat I mi-ht be secure from the drau-hts and 
the night air that would be let into the men's saloon at night ; and the canal 
boat agents at Terre Haute had contracted to secure the same for me through- 
out the length of the passage. Doctor Kead had particularly insisted on this 
fearing that the slightest chill would produce a return of the illness from 
which 1 was, in truth, scarcely convalescent. 

"A ilat roof spread over the whole of the saloons, and on it was piled 
the luggage; and here passengers Avalked up and down or sat to enjoy the 

"The view, however, 'was nought,' as yet. The banks were low, and 
thick woods, in which Nvere only partial clearings, shut us in on both sides. 

"Our children wondered where they were to ^leep, as there were no 
visible berths amid the red moreen curtains that hung around the ladies' 
salo..n, to give it an air of comfort ih ihi. Augu.l weather. They dreaded 
to have to pass four nights on the lloor, as they had done at Mrs. Long's 
liotel; but they said they were more used to hardships than they had then 
been; and they also drew comparative comfort from seeing a wasli-liand 
basin and two Knvels, in,iead of that amiable woman's small, tin pie-dish 
Ihe steward, hoNve\er, soon solved tbeir doubts by hooking np some shelves 
to the wall, and laying and slicets upon them. 

"We were summoned to tea. but after the g.,od living at the Prairie 
House (Terre Haute), all complained ni the bad tea and coli'ee, of the hot, 
heavy corndjread, and of the raw beefsteak. 

"Alter tea we ail began a most murderous attack upon the mosquitoes 
that swarine.l <,n the windows an<l inside our berths, in expectation of feast- 
mg upon us as soon as we should go to bed. lint those on whom we made 
war were soon replaced by others, and the more we killed (he more thev 
seemed to come to be killed, like Mr.s. P.ond's ducks; it was as though thev 
would dety us to exterminate them. .\t last we gave up the task as hope- 
less and resigned ourselves, as ^yd\ as we could, to pass a sleepless night " 




In tile \arious lines uf industrial ijursuits there is nune that has claimed 
the altentiiin of the larger portinn uf the people tu a greater degree than has 
that of agriculture. Ujjon this line of industry every other industrial ac- 
tivity is dependent. 'Ihe success of the fanner coiitrihutes to the success 
(jf the merchant, the manufacturer, the mechanic, the capitalist, and the man 
without caiiital, depending upon his daily lahor for a living. The race could 
e.xist for hut a brief period, were it not for that which the soil brings forth, 
and this must he largely produced liy the diligent and industrious husband- 
man. S(.)iiie sections of the slate n[ Indiana, as well as of niaii_\' other states, 
have other resources which furnish wealth in abundance, but the great wealth 
comes from the soil and the abundant harvests which the soil ijroduces. Of 
the many e-\cellent farming ciimmunities in this state there are few, if any^ 
that can produce lietter croj:)s, one year with another, than does the county 
of Daviess. 


, Nearly all the land in Daviess county is tillalile and capable of produc- 

ing abundant crops. W'ith the exception of a section in the southeastern 
part of the county, the land is generally level. J'\/r the most part, this com- 
paratively level land was originally covered with a heavy growth of fine tim- 
berr with an interspersion of ]irairie land. .\11 this has been brotight into a 
high .state of cultiwiliou b\' the induslrx of the land owners aiicl ihe appli- 
cation of motlern farm methods. 

Until a few years ago there were sections of land in the western and 
southwestern part of the county that were covered with swamps and con- 
sidered of little value. No attempts were made by the (jwners to improve 
this land and it jwas not salable at anv ])rice. The land was covered with 
water the greater part of the year, the water standing from one to five or 
six feet deep, the habitation of frogs, turtles, and amphibious creatures of 
various sorts. Tiiere were als(j large sections in the western part of the 
county of deep sandy land, with a growth of small shrubbery and wild weeds, 
which was a favorite resort for rabbits and other small game. This land 



was also considered of little value. .\s an illustration of the estimated value 
ui this land, only a few years a.^ii, a t;entlenian related to the writer his ex- 
perience in a real estate deal within the last live years. He said lie held a_ 
mortgage for se\en hundred and lifty dollars on one hundred and sixty 
acres of this sandy land and the mortgagor urged him to take the land and 
release the mortgage, lie declnied t(j do this, preferring the seven hundred 
and fifty dollars, which was linally ])aid. lie says this same tract of land 
can not he houghl now fnr less than (;ne hundred dollars per acre. Auotlier 
real estate experience related hy this same gentleman: .\t an auction held 
on the street, in Washington, this cimnty, one Inisy Saturday aftern(jon{ a 
few years ago, he hid off twd i|uarler sections of this apparently worthless 
land, paying five dollars an acre fur the same. He fore the deeds were exe- 
cuted, and before the purchase price ha<l been actually paid, the purchaser 
was offered an advance of one dollar an acre for his bargain and he accepted 
the offer, realizing something like three hundred dollar^ prolit on the after- 
noon ti-ansaction. This looked like "easy money" and he congratulated him- 
self on his lucky deal. Eut looking at the matter from the present stand- 
point, he is confirmed in the opinion that the man wIk.) jiaid him <ine ilollar 
per acre for his bargain is the one to whom congratulations are due. That 
same land is now worth from forty thouhan.l lo fifty thousand dollars. 


All this increase in the value of lands has been due to the appli- 
cation of modern metlu)ds of farming, and the science, skill and industry of 
the educated farmer. The swamp lands have been dredged and drained and 
brought into a high state of cultivation, producing from fifty to one hun- 
dred bushels of corn per acre. The sandy lands lia\'e been cleared of the 
useless growth of wild wced> and brush, and, figuratively, made to "blos- 
som as the rose." This is not allogclher a figurative ex])ression, either, for 
on these sand lands are iiroduced some of the choicest cantaloupes and the 
juciest watermelons to be found. The development of the melon industry 
within the last few years has been a boon to the owners of sandy lands in 
Daviess county, as well as in other counties in this section of the state. Some 
have sold their land at what would have been considered a fabulous price, 
a few years ago, others have engaged in the melon industry with profit, 
where intelligence and business principles were employed in the industry. 

Daviess county is well adapted to the raising of all the stai)le products 
Common to other counties in this section of the state. The productions are 


SO varied as to warrant the asMTtioii that ilronlli, or (.'xcosiNc rains, or iiver- 
fiowiny of llio lowlaml.s, or other unusual occurrence of any season, or any 
year, can imi sn seriously alfect concHtioiis that the liushan<hnan will be 
completely disapiiointed in his expectations of a fair return for his labor. 
While Daviess county will not rank as high as some of the adjoining coun- 
ties in the production of wheat, it stands well toward the head of the list 
in the production of corn, a yield of one Inuulred bushels per acre being not 
an unusual production for this cereal. There is also a good deal of attention 
1)eing gi\en to stock-raising, the eastern part of the county being especially 
well adapted for that industry. ' 


I'T-om the biennial report, lo'.i and 1014. of the Indiana slate bureau 
of statistics, the lojlowing items are gle.aned ; 

Number of M|uare miles in J)a\'iess count)', 433. Number of farms, 
2,587. Number of acres, 260,678; valuation, $6,569,045. Average valua- 
tion per acre, $24.36. Number of families in Daviess county, 6,231; number 
of dwellings, 6,144. 

fojiulation of Dax'iess county in each decade since the organization of 
the counts', a,i shown by the United States census report: 

1810 festimate<l) 300 1870 16,747 

1820 3,432 1S80 21,552 

1830 4..S43 '""^'X' 26,227 

1840 6.720 ir)r)o 29,914 

1850 10,352 ic;io 27,747 

i860 13,325 



From the slate statistical report for 1912 the following items are gleaned 
regarding the princi|)al production.^ of Dax'iess county farms: 

Acres. Uushels, Average per Acre. 

Wheat 34-''^62 473'957 ^v5^^ 

Corn 50,936. 1,455,742 28.55 

Oats __, 10,118 136,608 13-50 

Rye 1. 107 i7>Si3 

Buckwheat 10 ■ 500 


Acres. lUishels. 

Barley ii no 

Potatoes 48 1,103 • _■ 

Tomatoes 37S ='=_',! Go tons. 

Tiiiiiith}' 16,036 13,285 tons. 

Alfalfa <n 85 tons. 

Clo\'er l,0()i 4.140 t. -IIS hay, 

1,310 1)U. seed. 

* Not exeelleil hv anv eountv in this sectinn of the state. 


Valne oi cattle sold in U)i2, $137,956. Value of cattle on hand, Janu- 
ary I, KJ13, $219,483. 

\'alue nf hogs sold in 1913, ^309,715. Value of ho-s on hand, January 
I, 1914, $148,452. Hogs died of disease in 1913, 2,32(1. 

Value of sheep sold in 1913, $13,379. Value of sheep on hand, January 
I, 1914, $10,265. Wool clip, 19,190 ])ounds; selling value, $3,983. 

N'alue of horses and colts sold in 1912, $70,110. X'alue of horses and 
colls on hand, January i, I(;i3, $545,646. 

Value of mules s(jld in 1912, $55,617. Value of mules on hand, Janu- 
ary I, 1913, $181,898. 


Idle following items of interest are taken from the annual report of the 
county auditor, for the year ending, iJecemher 31, 1914: 

Nuniher of miles of gravel and macadam roads in Daviess county, com- 
])leted and under re])air, aliout ihree hundred an<l twetity-five miles. Aver- 
age cost, i)er mile, $3,037. 'i'otal amount of hoiids sold for the construction 
jo'f gravel roads, $087,176.55. 'I'otal co-t of repair of gravel roads in all 
the townships for 1914. :i'">i't S;3i, 174.01. The l(.tal amount of mitstanding 
indehtedness for the construction of free gravel roads in the ct)unty, which is 
against the townshijis that are con>tructing the roads, was, on the 31st day 
of Decenihcr, njH- $4-7'3''^'i-4- 

The total valuation of the real estate and personal i^roperty in Daviess 
county, less the mortg.age exemiitiou, is $14,430,160. 

The total amount (if current taxes charged in 1912 was .$435,673.66; 
in 1913, $427,290.91 : in 1014. $4"). 1,^1 -03. 

Expenditures, 1914: l'"""' P'""' ^-^I'^-n^e, .$4,43^-^4: f'"- orj.hans, ^f^72.^4\ 
for hridges, $16,990.85. 


sdi'iAi. si'A'nsiir.s. 

A ylaiice at tliL- slatislics relatiii;^ to niatriiiKmial alliances in Uaviess 
Cdunty (lihcli'ses iIr- fact that a C(in>i(lcralilc nunilicr ilu nnt ])i-M\e to he satis- 
factnry tn the cnnt!-actin,>; parties. C"ii\ crin!^ a ])eri<nl nf six vcars, the num- 
her i>i (li\orces .granted a\ crashes ahmit ten |)er cent nf the nuniher ul licences 
issued, as appears in the fullnw in,^ exhihit: 

Licenses l)i\(irces Licenses Divorces 

Issued. (iranted. Issued. (iranted. 

igor. 254 24 i()Of) 242 14 

U)oy 231 24 loio 231) 22 

190S .>65 26 i()ii 234 34 

i.oc.M. (.)PTHix i;i-[:c rioxs. 

Idle i|iiesti(iii (it ihe rci^nlati' in ,;|' die lii|ui'r tratlic. and of the iirohihitidn 
fit the sale 'i| intoxicatiuL; li(|Uor, hy \-cite and remonstrance, has heen agitatetl 
Ijy the iieii|ilc of 1 )a\'iess county, as it has h_\' the ])eople of ahcjiit es'cry other 
county in the state. L'nder the provisions of the countv option law, enacted 
hy the Lej^i^latnre in kioS. the i|uestion was suhmitted to a \ote of the people 
of Daviess county, at rui election held on May j(>, looo. The |-esult rif this 
election was a \dte of i,45'> aijainst, and 683 in fa\-'ir of the sale of intoxi- 
cants, a "dry" majorit}' of jj^i,. Ilv virtue ot this action, 1 )a\iess coimtv was 
without a licensed s.aloon for two yeai's. In the nieantinie a succeeding; 
Lei^islature re])ealed the coinit\' o])tion law and enacted what is known as the 
I'roclor law, which ,L;a\e to ciiies, uicor]ioraled towns and townshi|).s the ex- 
chrsiw rij^dit to \-oie upon this ([uestion. l'nder this law an election was held 
in (he cit\- of \\'a--hniL;lon, ihi> county. March 20. loM, resulliiiL,'- in a "wet' 
niajoritv of 32S. ( )u the same d.ate I'dniore township \oted "dry" hy 1 fV) 
majority. ( )n .March 2S, llarr township \oted "dry" hy 33 majorit\ ; and 
Madison townshi]i ;2,ave the s;une expression h)- a luajoritv' of 123. .\ "dr\'' 
majority of ei.i^hty was t;i\en h\' Tiarr township at another election held on 
March 2S. [913. 


As earlv as the vear 1N53, an asricultm-al society was ortjanized in 
Dav'iess count\-. the lirsl annual fair heini; held in that year. l-"or several 



years lliercafter annual fair-^ were held an.l were <]nite ^a-nerally patronized 
li\- the larniers, anmn- w h-ni there was a spirited ri\;dry as to which one 
ciiuld prdduee the hi,i;-e-;t eurn, the hest wheal, iiat>, piitaloes and the biggest 
punipkni>. the >l..ek rai-er^ there was an eltiirl to excel in the e>;= 
hihit of caltle. horves and hoos ; wlio e.inld show imported and fancy 
lireeds n\ st.'ck liein- c< .nspiciious in tlie>e ainuial exhibits. 'Idiat was 
the time when the mamifacture oi wagons, buggie>, plows and other farm 
implements was strictly a home industry. Tiiese were all .^trictl\ "home 
made," and the maker took es].ecial i)ride in the exhiliition of his skill and 
workinan,-,hip at the annual coiiiUy fair. .\nd ihe ladies, who were J^dept 
m the art of conking, needle work, painting and the domestic arts generally, 
exhibited that in which each was iiid.-,! prolicieut and interested. The resiilt 
was that the exhibits and displays, at the animal fairs fc^r several years, were 
Uttracti\e and in>trncti\e, and the fair was ])i.pnlar and a tiuancial success. 
I'.xentnally the (.'i\il War came (jii, and (be diversion of the public inter- 
est and attention, incident theretM, afferted the Haviess county fair, as it did 
all other county fairs in the state. The patronage of the fair was not suffi- 
cient to meet the expenses of the associatiton. In order to co\er this dericieiicv, 
the ass(iciation had recourse to means of- raising nioiiev bv the introduction 
of horse-racing, chea]) shows and the like. Concessions were secured by 
fakirs, mountebanks and nondescripts, with various gambling devices, all of 
whom sought the nimble coin of the unwarw reaping rich harvests from the 
pockets of their dupes. .Ml these things militateil against the annual counlv 
fair, as such things always do. The attendance became less each vear until, 
hnally, the fair was disconlinued for want of financial support. 

.\.\i iMTiors .vssociA'nox •lou.s. 

In .\la\, iSS_|, ihc Maviess t ounl\ .\griculiiir;d, .Mineral, Mechanical 
and ludusinal .\ssoei;iiiou was organized. The obiects (jf ihi> association, 
as set forth in the articles of the ass( jcialioii, were, "the encouragement, pro- 
motion and improvement of the agricullnral, boiiicultural, mechanical, min- 
ing, maimf.acluring and industrial interests of l)a\iess county." It might 
a])pear the name of this association was rather to|)-heavv. ami somewhat 
expausiw, but the objects (jf the association were alsr) expansive, worth v .of 
the name, and of the highest amliilion of the enterprising ])romoters. 

I he cajjital stock of the association was fixed at ten thousand dollars, in 
ten-ilollar shares, and thirty directors constituted the l)oard of control. Tiie 
first meeting of the stockholders was held, June 14, 1S84, for the purpose of 


clcctini;' DlTicfrs ui tlic assuciatiim. Zack Jones was c-lecti-il president: llenr)' 
Waller, viee-presidenl ; I'liarles \V. 'I'linnias, treasurer, and I'ld I'". Aleix'ditli. 
secretary, ddie lirst lair was held on the i^rcuiiids nl the assnciatiun, west of 
Washington, from Octoher (1 tn 11, inchisi\'e. The s;r(jnnds consisted of 
forty acres of laiul, nii whicit was a lieantifiil L;ro\'e, an ahiindance of water 
and a line half-mile race track. The fair had an ans]>ici(Jiis lieginning and 
the animal meets continued for se\eral \ears, with gratifving success, lint 
interest in the exhiliits, after a time, grew less; the racing and other attrac- 
tions hegan to decline, because of the competition of Larger attractions else- 
where, and the enterprise was fmally abandcjned. The association went out 
of existence several years ago, and the fair grounds went to another owner- 



One of tlic intercstiu.t.; tM|)ics <il" tliu early histury of Uaviess county, and 
other counties adjoiniiii^, i.s tliat of an ori;ani/.atioii known as the "under- 
ground railroad." This was a secret system hy which slaves, endeavorinj^ 
to esca]>e from their masters in the .^lave states, were alfonled i)rolecti<in and _ 
transportation on their way to Canada. There wa- a line of "stations," ex- 
tending^ frtjm .se\eral points on the ( )hio river, and the escapin.i; slave was 
tran.sported from one station to an<ither. under the protection of friends en- 
listeil in the cause. Those who en,L;a,i;ed in this husinos incurred great risks, 
and many narrow hrushes with death, in their desire to assist and jjrotect 
the escaping bondman. .\ot only from the slaveholders, in pursuit, did the 
"station masters," and those assisting the runaways, ha\e cause to fear: hut 
there were men ]\\ all the horder counties ready and w illing to aid the cause of 
the slaveowner in the apprehension of his "property," for the liheral reward 
that was offered. 1 hese men acted as s|)ies ant! were of great serxice in gi\'- 
ing information to the slaveowner, being ever reatly tcj assist in the apjire- 
hension of the rimaway. 

The fugiti\'e-sla\e law, that was enacted hv Congress, in 181^0, ga\'e the 
slaveowners, or those hunting their runaway sla\es, the power to organise a 
jiosse in any jilace in the Cnited States to aiil them in the reclamation of their 
sljives. Under this law, a great impetu.i was gi\eii to the lumting (jf fugitive 
sla\es in .all the free stales hordermg on the sla\c-s states, and in Uvj section 
was there greater activity in this line ol industr\' than in the counties of 
southwestern Indiana. This law was taken ath"antage of by man\- men who 
never owned a sla\'e, or who had ne\er li\'ed in a sla\e state. The kidnapping 
of free negroes was a common occurrence in those days. It was no trouhle 
for a m;m. well adx'rmced in moral degeneracy, .and inclined to take another 
step in that direction, to seixe upon a free negro, take him before a comitliant 
iustice of the jicace, present a description of the alleged runaway — a de crip- 
tion that had been previously obtained by co-cons])irators — and the rights of 
tlie alleged sl;i\'e owner were fullv established. l'.\ a decision oi the highest 
court, ;i negro had no rights that a white man was bound to respect. 


gki:at K[.sks weke inclirrilI). 

11ii.)se whil were en,t;a,iL;e(l in the nperatinn (if this '■underi^rnund railroad" 
system not i.nily incniTeil ;^reat ri^ks in the perM'nal ilaiii;er U> hfe ami pro])- — 
erty, hnl aKn suhjeeted theinseKes to the se\ere |)eualt^' |irescrihefl h\- the 
l"uL;itive-Nhive act. That law inii)tise<l a line nf erne thmivand dnllars and 
inipriNtmnient on any one harhorini;". or in an)- way aiding; tn^iti\e> in escap- 
ing. As the conrts were constituted in that period, a \ery small incident was 
easily construed as "aiilinL; and liarhorini;" fuf^iti\'es. "~ 

In IJaxiess county, a- in the other counties in this ])art of the state, the 
tjreater ]iorton oi the ea.rly settlers canie from sla\e states. Some had come ^ 
in order to i;et away from slavery and its lilij^litin^ inlluence. and thev had 
stroiii; con\-ictions as to the e\ils of that in^tUution. Others, who fomul a 
home in this conntw hroui^ht with them the \ie\\s of the coninninit\- from 
which the)' came, as to the sla\ery (piestion. The- pre\alent opinion was that 
sla\er_\- was ri>;ht, and that the >la\ eow ner'> ri^jlit tci his sla\e was as le,L;iti- 
mate as was his ris^ht to an\' other of hi-, chattels. Sla\er\' had existed in 
all the settled sections of the .Xorlhwest Terrilorx' for several vears after 
Indiana Teriatorv was organized, ami at the time of the passage of the 
fugiti\e sla\e hiw, in 1S50, there was hut little o|ien opposition to sla\-er\'. 
This was true of Daxiess county, especially. lUit when the ahnoxious fugi- 
ti\e-sla\'e law came in force so many hrutal an<l uniusi acts wei"e comnn'tted 
hy conscienceless kidnappers, that a great change in sentiment resulted. 
There was a rapid growth of anli-sl,a\ery sentiment in na\'iess county, and 
the activities of the "underground railroad" system were greatly enlarged. 

' si..wi:kv IX cfuxrv. 


r>eiore entering upon .a lurlher review of the undergronnd and 
some ot the exciting iucideiUs connected therewith, it will he of interest to 
give some of the experiences of early settlers who hrough.t their slaves with 
them to Haviess countv, and for some time held them in slaverv. An old 
historv of the county is authority for the following statements: 

So far as it c;m he estahlished. Ilawkins, who came fmm South 
Carolina, in iSot), was the tirst to hring slaves to what is now Daviess C(_)untv. 
lie had two slaves, Jake and Ann. James C '. \'eale had one slave, named 
Sam; and William I'.allow hronght four to the countv, namclv : lUick, Isaac, 
l\ali)h and .Mary. John Coleman luul one, known as L'ornelius Simins. 
William Hawkins had four: I'eeg\' and her three children, l)a\'id. Henry and 

UNIV. 1\'I)I.\.\,\. 


Jiul\ ; and iIkmc \\;is a Imy li\ ihc h.ihk' di | )isli, rr^idin^ willi J. I'LviKii, Inil 
licli 111,^111,1; 111 llif I'liiit laiiiily. William I'lallnw solil Isaac to ['".li I lawkiiis, 
will) llius liccaiiie tiie owner of three slaxes. All tlie.-e, with one exception, 
reniained in >er\ itnde until alier the death of Mr. [ lawkiiis. _ 

Airs. Catherine llawkins, widow of I'di, married a Mr. Merril, who liad 
some diHiciiltv with Isaac and lake, a part of his matrimonial inheritance, 
and Jake and Isaac proceeded to "start .something" tliat was ]ir(jlial)ly in the 
nature of a surprise. 1 hey instituted ]iroceediiiL;s to determine the lethality 
of their heiiii; helil as sla\es in a free territorv. rhe\' had for their attorney 
Amorv L'. Kiniie\, one of the I' law\'ers in the coiiiit\, and the case was 
tried hefore the associate jud,L;es of the coiint\-, I'hiliri lUirton and l''])hraini 
Thoinpson. The decision of the conrt was that the sla\es, 1)\' law, were free, 
and from this decision there was no appeal. i\'o other action of this kind 
was taken liy any of the other sla\es, and there was no need ui such action. 
1!\' this dfcisioii sl;ner\- in |)a\iess coiintx' was autoinaticalK' aliolished. The 
treed slaves remained in the coniit\- and some of them aci|uire(l pro]ierty and 
estahlished homes of their own. Idle success of\er l\inne\' in olitain- 
iii^' freedom for these two coloreil men aroused a considerable amount of 
prejudice a,L;aiiisi that rai'e, auioiii.; a numher of the white people. Xumerous 
threats an<l sUL;.L;estioiis of \ iolence were made a,!.;a.iiist the ne.groes and the 
Iaw\er who had hi'eii instrumental in securing; their freedom: hut none of 
these threats was ever carried into execution, aiul the hitter leeliiiL;' and 
\indicti\e ahuse L;r;idiiall\- died away. 

.\N I'..\K1.\' IJDNAPI'tNC, (WSIC. 

^ The tirsl case of kidnappiii.i; that occurred in 1 )a\'iess county, of wliich 
there is ,au\ record, occurred in iSj.|, That this was more tluan twenty-tne 
\eais hefore the enactment of the f iiL;iti\ e-sla\e law is evidence that kidnap- 
[liii.L; did not ha\e its oriijiu in ilie enactment of that olmoxious law. The 
N'ictim of this kidnappin.L; affair was a colored man Iw the name of Sam, who 
was claimed as the i)ro])ertv of a family liviiii^ near \'inceunes, iiy the name 
■of Mcf lure. The affair occurred on a Suudav, in the summer of the year 
mentioned, when most of the peo])le of Washin.ytou were out of town, some 
ciiga.ged in huntin.L; or lisliiuL;, and a large mimlier attending a camp-meeting, 
.south of the vill.age. The Mctdures were anxious to get possession ol their 
alleged ])ropertv, hut did not dare to come to W asliinglon, themselves, to 
accomplish their juirpose: thence tliey engaged Richard I'aluier to deliver 
Sam to them, the ])lace of delivery to he on the west hank of Wdiite river, in 


Knux count}', rainier met with d in^idL'raMo ii[)i)ositi(in in attempting to, 
can-)- out hib part <<{ die selK-nic, Ijut he finally sueceeded in delivering the 
"gdods" at the place agreed aii<l the .Mel. hn'es were there reach' to receis'e the 
same. They straighi\\'a\- hdund .^am si'curely with a.^tmit rope and started 
with him on their way to St. l.onis. On the second m'ght of their ionrney 
Sam managed to free hinisell' from the rope that honnd him and got away., 
W hen his capti:>rs discm-ered'liis ahsence, Sam was far on his way towards 
Indiana, and he was getting farther in that directi(jn \-er\' fast. He man- 
aged to elude his pursuers, one ot their horses, which Sam had api'ircipriiited 
for this occasion, aiding in his rapid |)rogress. .\ few days after his imwill- 
ing deiiarture, Sam came riding itito Washington, swinging his old hat and 
making snch di-nionstrations of jo_\- .a-. he was justified in feeling. Palmer 
was prosecnted and fined f<]r his part in the affair, and he attempted no more 
Isidnapping after that experience. 

ROUTi; Ol- TII1=: "'(I.XDl^l^OKOlINn RAILROAD." 

'fhere \\ere many places where runaway negrr)es might cross the Ohio, 
ri\er from Kentucky into Indiana, and there were se\'eral routes of the 
"uii(ler,gri)nnd railroad," each connected with a dehnite place r)f crossing the 
ri\-er. (Jne of the crossing-places was near the citv of l'"vans\'ille. '1 his was 
a ver\' pojnilar jilace of cro.ssin,g, for the reason that there were many free, 
negroes in that \iciniiy. It was necessary f(j have assistance in getting across 
tiie Ohio, and it was necessary to ha\e a safe place for hidin.g after getting^ 
across. Iloth of these ad\-antages were afforded at the crossing in the vicinity, 
of Rvans\'ille. 'fhe assistance in crossing the ri\'er was afforded Iw friendly, 
\yhite ])eo]ile, and a safe hidin.g place was found among the free negroes on 
llie Indiana side. 

fhcrc were several routes ol the "undergidund railroad" from this 
fa\drite t-ros>ing-place. and several well k'nown "stations" on each route.. 
One route that was familiar and much tra\'eled was through the counties of 
Vanderl)ur,g, Warrick, fiihsoii, I'ike and Daviess, and on to the north. Among, 
tlic well known ]il;ices of rendezx'ous, or stations, along this route, where the 
runaway could alwa)'s lind shelter and protection, were the following: In 
(iihson conut\-, the home of Keuhen Walters, living near Fort I'ranch : David 
Storniont, li\'ing northwest, and John ("arithers, living east of Princeton ; 
Mace Kirk, at Wheeling; Dr. John W. I'osey, Detcrsl)nr,g, and Peter Stephen- 
son, living in the southwestern part of Daviess county, 'fhere were many 
other places wliere the fugitive neiTo found friendh' shelter. All these sta- 


liiiiis \\v\x- kiinwn to those opci'aliiiL; llic ">\->lciii," and to llie Ikx'iiiL;' Illicit i\i', 
as WL-ll. They were also known to llie ski\ elioKlers. through infijrnialioii 
furnished Ijy tlie local sjiius, and the hai"hcirin.i;-|ilaee,s were honored with fre- 
quent \'i5ils l.)y slaveowners and accompanying constahles, in the hunt lor 
missing human ijropcrt}'. Lint it was an e.\ce[jtion when they found what 
they were looking for. This was hefore the days of wireless telegraph}', hut 
these "underground railn^atl" stations had a s)^stem that enahled them to 
operate their hnes by a coile of signals ecjual to any of the modern methods 
of communication. By some secret sign, or code, w'liich was well under- 
stood b}' the runaway sla\e and those aiding him, he \\as passed along from 
one station to another until he reached Canada, the kuul of freedoiu. 


Diu-ing the da_\s of shiver)-, 1 laxiess count}' contained a numher of men 
who were .'ictixel}' engaged in what tlie\' cahed "human freedom.'' which was 
another name for the "uuilergi-( jund r.iilroatl" enterprise. Among the num- 
jjer wh.o wei'c most zealous in the cause were the following: I'eter Sleplien- 
son, k'riend Spears, h.Hja.h |oh.u;-on, |ohn Thompson and l-'rederic .\l}ers. 
I'eter .Sle]iheiisi m was the most acli\e I'f them all. lll^ home wa^ known, 
from tile (Jhin ri\ er to the state of I'einisyh ;mia. a^ one of the uiMst import aui 
and the most rc-liahle "stations" of the entire I'cjule. lie was a good man, 
and as true as steel tci ;m}' cause that he espoused. lie was trnsled as a 
neiglihor and respected h}' e\eryone, including his political opponents, .\lfred 
I{. [(ilnisou. a \eteraii of the L'i\il W ar, now a resident of Washington, re- 
lates .some interesting incidents perlaiuiug to the life of I'eter Stephenson, 
and liis activities in liehalf of "lium;iii freedom." Mr. Johnson says: 

"l-'or fortv }ear.s 1 li\ed. within a mile and a half of the home of 'L'ncle 
I'eter.' ;is he was famiharlv c;dled. 1 well reiiieinher his calls at m\- f:itlier's 
house, ill the 'wee siua' hours of the ni.L;ht,' and we knew soiuelhiug aliont the 
business to be transacied before da}light. l'ncle I'eter was always prtivided 
with a carriage, fitted with curtains that would securel}' conceal what was on 
the inside. i\'o move was made, save only on dark nights, and then the 
fugitive was only taken on short trips. 

"There was a 'station' in W'asliington, but 1 never knew by whom it was 
kei)t. 1 have always believed it was on the John Tln/ni]jSon farm, just south 
of the citv. There was another im|iort;int stopjiiiig jjlace in Martin county, 
said to be near old llindostan, a town now e.Ktinct. 



"SteplKMison was nften Ixild to tlie extreme. On one occasion lie liad 
secreted at hi-, liuine two hlack^, while tiie (jfhcers >earclied likely places for \ 
them withuiit >nccess. L'ncle l'ett''r was nmre than a match f(ir them all, as 
the fiiij-itives wanteil were, at the time nf the nl'ticers' visit, and fur two^clays 
afterward. snn.i;ly secriJed untler the tlimr (if .Siephen^oii's cooper shop. 
.\fter the hnnl was ii\er ami the uhicers had i^cme. he and his assistants 
hnmuhl the fuL;ili\es out frmn their hidin.t^ ]ilace and ran them safely 
thriiu;^h In the 3ie\t "station,' which was in Martin county. (Jn another oc- 
casion he kept three men and one woman for three weeks, liefore an oppor- 
tunity oti'ered to >.<:]]i.\ ihem to the next "station.' 1 'urin.i; th^'se three weeks 
the runawa)' sla\es were secreted in a ra\ine, south of where the ."^cndder 
school house now stanils. .\t that lime the countr\- was heaxih' timhered, an 
almost impenetrahle forest coxerini; the section of count\' in which this ra\'ine 
was located. W'lnle the^e IUL;iti\e> were in hiding, .Mr. Stc•phen^on supplied 
them food and hl.uiket-. for their sir-^tenance and comfort. 

".After the close of the ('i\il War, when there was no lonj^er need for 
secrecy, 'Uncle I'eter,' in a puhlic addrcNS, related what he had done for the 
downlroilden race, whose memhei's were \alued as we \alue horses and cattle 
on the farm. 

"Peter Stephenson was a very conscientious man, a lo\ed neis^hlicir and 
a Christian, lie was one of the e.arl}- pioneers, having come to l)avies.s 
county from Ohio. lie was horn, 1 think, in i.Soo; his death occurred in 
the .seventies. Hut few |)ersons are now li\in.n" who knew him ])ersonally. 
To me, the niemorv of I'eter Stephenson is one I shall always cherish. 
He outli\'ed all his co-workers of the "underground railroad." He li\ed to 
See his cherished de.■^ire accomplished — the freedom of the sla\e. lie was 
of ihe |ohn Ihnwu I\])e in character, hut more con.^idei'ale in conduct that 
was John lh"ow n." 

"uncle Peter's" resourcefui-ness. 

Professor Plamlel .\llen relates a little incident that occurred at the 
home of Peter Stejjhenson, during that excitins^' jjcriod, which aptly illustrates . 
the resourcefulness of Stephenson, and the skillfulness of his methods in the 
protection of his charcjes. iMr. .Allen says: 

".\t one time there came to the home of Peter Stephenson a colored 
woman and her small hahe. d'he woman had stru.u-,i;led thus far in her eti'orts 


to get to tlie laml ui iix-adnm ; iinl so nuicli ku her own account, as (jn account 
(if lier child. It was a case soniethinsj;" hke Tliat ol hJiza Harris, in 'Uncle 
Tdui's C'ahin.' llcr cliild was ahmit to he taken frdui lier and suld and the 
mother liad hurriedly decided in sa\e her child Ijv llighl. Almost exhausted, ' 
the tleeing mother reached the h^me of Stephcn^oU; with her master_and a 
few iithcr human hounds nm far hehind in pursuit. It wa> a lime lnr (|uick- 
ness of thought, on the pari of Sleplieiisou, liul he was e(|ual lo the occasion. 
There was a ih"v cislern'on his premises and he liurnedK' placed the woman 
and child therein. I hen lie placed a co\er o\er ihe ci-ilern and went aliout 
hi^ oi'dinar\- husines^, in which he was complacently engaged when ihe human 
hounds arrived. The premises were ililigently searched, e\'ery possihle place 
where a fugili\e might he concealed was inspected, hut the cistern was o\-er- 
lookcd, on the reasonahle presumption that it was full of water. I'inally 
tluw went awav and .Stephenson a\ailed himself of the opporlunitx' to pro- 
\i(le more couifortahlc ipiarters lor his guests. That ilie\- were well feil ami 
])roperl\' clothed, and in due time sent along on the wa\' to Ireedom, is the 
rest of the slorw In relating this incident, Mr. .^tephensou said, 'If 1 e\'er 
utteied a fcrxent and sincere ]ira\er in m\- life, it was that the haliy in the 
cisiern wo\ild not cr\ while these men were searching the ]jremises; and my 
pr;i\ cr w as auswei'ed.' " 

.\ w.\siii.m;to\ kiun'.M'imno cxst:. . 

.\'ol infre'inenllv ki<lnapper-. were fn'-tr,ite<l m their efforts to get a\va\- 
with their \ictnn-. e-pecialis il the \ulini wa- caplmeil some distance I roin 
tile (Miin ri\er. 'Ilierc wtie determined men in all the counties in soulherii 
Indiana wlu. wvrv vigilant aiifl watchful; and it reipiired the utm9st^caut' 
in Iluir in..vtincnt.s and skillful handling of their captive, for the kidnapiiers 
tn K»« l>v tlicsc watchful waiters. It also rcqin'red courage to meet the ojipo- 
Mlioii likely to on the way. Courage was one m..ral <|ualitv in uhleli 
the kidnapper was wholly deficient, as a rule, these kidu.ipiiers l.c-m.c .-.- '■"^y 
ardly a.s thev w-cre contetnp'tihle. The nu., who ,,pno.ol their net.otou. hust- 
nessweretnenof coura,,. aud.ouvi.-tiouand :e.,d, at all tunes to deletui 
the ri'du. of n,;m to hi. and hluri^. regardlc-ss ..f race or color. . ^.;.,, . 

,:, rol,.ul W \l. >. ..krn.n's •'I'tonecr History of Indiana" is the story, 

,„ , Ki,,n,>pp,ng case that occnrred in Washington along in the fttes. whtch 

„,, an u. lleaLu ending for tW kidnappers. Thts story w,„ serve as a 

s-nnnle illustration of many other expertetices nt hke character 

..ainpit mn.i 1^^.^,^, ^^^ Kenluckv, hut 

Along in the early fifties two negro men, wh 

144 llAVIICSS Cnirxxv, IN'IUAXA. 

had liceii fur some time in Indiana, wurkintj; on the Wali.ish and l'"rie canal, 
i between W'ashiiiL^ton and d'erre Hanle. had deternnne<l lo .qn to their homes. 
They had !;ot as far as W'ashin.nton on their way wlien ihev fell in with a 
man who seemed very friendly. Jle asked them where ihey were yuint;- and 
when he learned their destination, he told them that he and a friend of his 
were gfjint;' in the same direclion, nearly to the Ohio ri\er; that they were 
i;oin<;- in a was^on, and if the colored nien wanted to they could go along in 
the wa,i:;on and it would not cost them anything for the ride; that^the ac- 
commodating ^trangers woiild have i)ro\isiou> with them for the trip, and 
all that wduld he required of the colored men was to assist in the preparation 
of the food, 'idiev said they would not he ready lo start before ihi-cc or 
foiu' o'clock in the aficrnixm of that tlay. This olfer seemed ver\- fa\oral)le 
to (he two colored men and they \ery gladly accepted it. TheA' ])romised to 
he ;it an agreed point ^n the souih side of \\'a>hMigion at the agreed time. 
I lere the two men with Uie waguu found them and lhe\ all started on their 

cii;i:i'.MST.\.\"(]i .\).;(]i;st.i)'icJox. 

4 he\- to(jk- the I'eter.shurg anil it was kite in llie exening when they 
cro-.sed White ri\er at the ferry. John Stucky, who cri'>>eil the ri\er at the 
s;une time, knew oUl- of the while men and at once su^[)ccled what he was up 
lo; hill he cuuld not draw him into a com crsation, and conld get no chance 
to talk to the col'ireil men. ."^tuckv heard the white men tell ihe ferr\nian 
that iJKw Would sla\ all night in a wagon-\ard at I 'cler.^liurg. Sluck\- teiok 
notice ihat, afu-r the parl\ was over the river, they iraxeled al a pretty swift 
g.ail, and he c^uld nut keep u[) with ihein. lie reached relershurg some time 
\after the wagou had put up at the w agon-y.-ird. lie look notice of the siliia- 
tioii and then calleil on I )r. John W . I'oscw lo whom he related the circum- 
stances, and his -^l|spiell Ills rcgardiii'^ the part\ siii|ipiii;^ al the w agon-\ard. 
I >ocior I'. ivi-\ ;u once niidcr-^lood ihe siiualion and sciii a spy to the wagon- 
\ard to get all the inlormalioii jiossihle as lo designs ol the white men. 4he 
spv Soon returneil ;ind reported he luund the ]iarlv eating sujjper, except 
one of the while men who was soim.; distance away engaged in earnest con- 
versation with a iioied hotel-keeper, a ski\ery sym])atlii/-er. The spy said he 
had talked with the negroes, who said I'hat their homes were in Kentucky; 
that thev were on their wav home, and that the white men were letting them 
ride in their wagon most of the way. 

Wdiile circumstances looked suspicious, there was no positi\'e e\ideiice 
of anything wrong. lint Doctor I'osey decided to ha\-e a watch kept on their 


li.WllC^S Cdl'XIV, INIUANA. I45 

iiiovcim-nts anil td wait for fiirtliLT (lc\ L'l()[)ni(.iits. Almiii iwci iKnirs licfurc 
tlayli.t;hl, llic- li illnw ini^ ninniini^, the man wlm had hern un watch came hur- 
rictlly to J'liscy'.s hunic and rcpurlcil that the iiart\- werp j^ettiiig ready to 
start; that the\- had their team hitched tn a three-seated express wagon; tliat 
tile noted Iiotel man \\a> witli tliem, and two otJier men wliom tlie waXclinian 
did not know, 'liie doctor at once got Imsy. lie liad three liorses saddled 
and sent for a neighhor to ride one; one of his hired hands was called to ride 
another, and the doct(ir r^ide the third, all three being well armed. , In the 
meantime it was learned that the express wagon had gone. T'osev and his 
part)- Imrrietl on after the wagon, which had lal-:en the road to W'iiislijw, ex- 
pecting to o\ertake the wagon ]iart\- at that place, it was e\'ident that the 
|)ari\- was tra\ehng dl a ra]ii(.l jjace, as it was learned the travelers had passed 
through \\'insl(jw ahout dawn, a half hour heft.ire the arri\al of the ]>nrsning 
party. I'dllowing un after them, the 1 'osey parly met a man a few miles out 
of W'inslow, who reported that he hail met the express wagon about a mile 
ahead; that there were two runawa\ negroes, tied together in the wagon, and 
that the parly was dri\iiig very fast, l.ater the pursuing party met Rev. 
I'.klridge llopkin>, who had alM) met the express wagon with its occu])ants. 
Hopkins Consented to join the ro>e\' ]iart\ in ]jursuit. As Jlopkins was well 
acquainted with the connlr)' road.> he proposed a plan to get in ahead of the 
exi)ress wagon and intercept the kidnajipers at a designated point. Jn this he 
was successful. In the meantime the jiursuiiig jiarty found a justice of the 
peace; a warr.ant was obtaitied, and a constalile was secured to execute the 
s;ime. \\ hen the k'iilna]ipers arris ed at a ])oint I)e\ond the line in W'arrick 
count\- thc\' were met h\' a constable with a warrant for their arrest. The 
kidna])pers |)Ut uii a bold front, ;md, made a good manv threats: but they 
were tal<en to a justice's court, at A\liicli quite a crowd of pco|)le had gathered 
who were \'er\ much in s\mpath\ wuh the capli\e ne;.;roes. 

It'si'K !■: !<i-;.\i)i':ns i^m'iu-i'i.ak niaisiox. 


'idle man who claimed to own the negroes showed a haiulbill, giving a 
perfect ilescriiition of the tvvo men in cust<id_\', and an offer of a reward of 
two hundred dollars for their return to his plantation in Tennessee. This 
handbill was, no doubt, ])rinled in' W'ashington the da_\- before, while the 
negroes were wailing for their new-found friends, liopkins, who was a 
reach' talker, \olunteered to defend the negrf)es and made a strong speech 
in their behalf. liiit the sympathy uf the ju>tice was against them; he be- 



lieved that all negroes were slaves, or ougl^t to lie, and that tlirise wliu claimed 

their hoiiies in a sla\e state were certainly slaves. .-\s the man wlm claimed 

ti> own these negroes had shown a notice givnig an e.xacf description of ihem, 

the justice decided to let him go with his nroiiei'tw 

'the decision of the justice infuriated Hopkins and he declared that he 

would see that this man did not get on the other side of the ( )hio ri\^r with 
his alleged property. v\s a means of hindering the progress of the kidnappers, 
Hopkins f(.innil an O]iportnmi\' of remo\ing one of the linchpins that held 
in place a wheel of their express wagon. |iutting the ])in in his ])ocket. He 
told l)oct(jr I'osey and his two men thai they might return home, as he cotdd 
secure enough men out of the crowd assenihled to assist him in the proposed 
undertaking. In the meantime tiie kiduapjiers had started off on the road 
leading to r.oou\'ille. They had not proceeded far on the wa\- uiuil the wheel 
from which the linch|iin liati heen removed came o(T. W hile tliev were hunt- 
ing for the missing pin the rescuitig party came up, ha\ing in the meantime 
disguised ihemseKes hy hlacking their faces. J.e\eling their guns at the 
kiduai)])ers lhe_\' demandetl an explanation .as to wh\' thev had the two negroes 
tied. The ex])lanatiou not lieing satisfactory, Ilo|)kins demanded that the 
negroes l)e releaseil, and then directed the negroes to hiinl the white men who 
had them in charge. Then Ilopk-ins iirganixed a stump court-martial to try 
the kidnaii])ers. The |iretended (n\'ner produced the hand hills that hail heen 
nseil elTectix'elv in the justice court. Hopkins told him that these hills had 
heen ])rinted in \\'ashingt(jn, an asserti<in winch the pretended owner did not 
deu)'. After hearing all the exidence, tlie court clccided the kidnapping party 
were all guilty and that all of them should he hanged. However, the court 
decided that leniency would he shown to any of the gang who would tell the 
whole truth. At this one (d' the jiarh' hegan to weaken, and 1 lopkins tO(jk 
the fellow aside and ohtained from him the whole story. He s.aid tliat the 
pretended owner of ihe negroes li\ed in Washini^ton, .and that it was the in- 
teiUioii to take (he negroes to Mississippi and sell ihcin; that it was the agree- 
ment to pa\' the man making the confession, and another man whom thev 
had engaged in I'etershurg, one hundred dollars, each, to go with them and 
watch the two negroes, until they were sold. He further staled the 
team which the kidnappers used helonged to the le;ider, the i:)retended owner 
of the negrf)es. 


•After hearing this confession llo]ikius held another consult.ation with 
his "court" and it was decided to modify the hrst decree, lie informed the 


coiispirMlurs i)t tlie tlccision, wliich \\;is'th;it tlii.'\- were not to l)e hung, hut a 
snuiul llirasliing wnukl lie adiiiinislered, iiiste;ul, and that tlie two negroes 
were to execute the sentence. Accnrdingly, tun stinii hicknry gads were pro- 
cured, the "convicts" were securely tied to a tree and the two negroes did the 
rest. After the sentence of the "court" had heen fully carried out to the satis- 
faction of all parties, with the jinssihle exception of the kidna]ipers. the latter 
were tnid to niii\-e ol'f in dili'ereiit directiims, and nnt to lnnk hack, inider 
]jenalty of heing shot. And thev went. 

.-\ few week.s alter the extents ahuxe recorded, Mr. Tlopkins had occasion 
to \-isit Doctor I'ose), at I'etershurg. While there he sent a man to Wash- 
ington to learn what he could ahoiit the two men who were engaged in the 
kidnapping. lie learned that they had returned to Washington, the next day 
after they were so soundly thra^lied, and reported tliat thev had fallen in 
with a hand of horse tiiieves, who hail heaten them fearfully, and had taken 
their team antl everything else that they had. Whether this story found ready 
credence among the citizens of Washington is not a matter of record. I'.ut 
it is certain that this kidna])ping exijcrience was sulTicient to last tlie men 
engaged in it for the rest of their li\es. 

These kidna])ping stories might he multiplied hy the score, not only in 
Daviess coimty, hut in almost e\'ery other county in the slate. It is jirohahle 
that there xvere fewer outrages of this kind committed in this than there 
were in some of the comities nearer the horder, hecause of the greater dis- 
tance, and the greater diUlculty in getting the captives safely landed in Ken- 
tucky. But Daviess county was the scene of many such outrages, a record 
which no citizen of tlie present day will point to \vith pride. Ihider the de- 
cision of the highest court a negrij had no rights that a white man was hound 
to respect, not e\'en the right of jiersonal possession of himself after he had 
paid the price. The crimes that were committed under the oiieration of the 
fugUu e->la\ e law — crimes agaiu^t justice and humanitv, and sanctioned hy 
courts, higli and dow — are a stain upon the pages of the nation's liistory, 
a stain that re(|uired the hloocl (d multiplied thousands of her liest citizens 
to erase, in the resulting Civil War. .\s hefore stated, some of these crimes 
were committed in l)a\iess count}', and, in some measure, her citizens were 
ready to gi\-e consent and encour.agemoit to them. In a nuich larger measure 
was demanded the Ijlood of some of the hest of her sons, as a reipu'tal for 
the sins of the fathers. 

CHAPTER X. ' ■ , 


Tlicrc w t-re wliitc men in this ])art nf the t.'ijunlr\' li)n<j;' Ijefuix- the eslab- 
hshniL-nl ul the i^reat Xurlliwesl 'I'crriturx' and niany (.)f ihcni had sanj;ninar_\' 
conllicts with the ahciriyjiiies who were the original possesSLirs of the hind, in 
the wars with I'rance the Jn(hans I)ecaine the liirelin^.s of h",n.t;lan(l, and were 
idso made the catspaws nf the "nrnther emuitrv" (hn'iniL; the streinions years 
of tlie strni^glc for hherty hy the colonists, and hiter nu in the War of 1812. 
But no record of the names and service of these early frontiersmen is 
extant. ,\fter the War nf iSu. militia urbanizations were kept intact until 
the i;eneral fear nf danger I'mni the red men was past, antl then were allowed 
to fall into gradnal desnetnde. 


A small contingent of IJaviess count)- men served in the Afexican War, 
and in iS4() were enlisted for the struggle with that tnrhulent people. Among' 
those enlisting were (.'harles ('hilds, Thomas (/nulter, ( iahriel Moats. Xelson 
Ijolton, Patrick L'arlev and Jacoji Leap, all of whom served in Coni[)any If, 
Secoml Indiana Regiment, t'apt. Jo-eph W. Kriggs commanding. These 
l)atriols served tm.e year and fought in the battle of lliiena Vista. Fn 1847 
Captain h'ord, 'J'hird L'nited .States 1 )ragoons. recruited \u this coiuuy .Mex- 
ander H. Dongharty, Thomas I'oueter, William Samples, John .Samples, 
j.acoh Leap. Willi. im Snuiler-^. W illi,-im Smith. William lluhhanl and Xelson 
Lick-ou. lie L;iit his men as far as the barracks m St. Louis, bm no farther, 
peace haxing been declared between the belligerents Ijcfore he could proceed 
to the front. 


The causes leading up to the Civil War need no ex]ilanation in these 
pages, as thousands of volumes iiave been written and ]iublislied on that sub- 
ject. The bitterness of the pe<i])le of the Southern slates engcuderetl by the 
stand of the Xorth against the extension of the system of slavery into the 
territories and new stales was inten^itied when the great ch.ampion of eipial 
rights, Abr.-ibam Lincoln, became President of the Ihnted Stales on the 4th 



day^uf Afarrli, \SC>[. '\\, cnii)lia>iz(.- iliu ilcterniinalion dt the Soutlicrn ex- 
tremists to eiirry their eiul.s and ihsrupt the t'liicui, a b(;l(l attempt tu pre\ent 
the matit^uration uf J.ineohi hy assassinatinii ha<l been frii>trated. 'i'he next 
disl,,yal was the hrin- tin h'ort Sumter, in ilie .nuer harl.ur oi Charles- 
tun, on the ijlh uf Aijrd, iSoi. 

The insult ..iftered tile lla^ at hurl SnnUer and the secession of several 
111 the Sduiheni states fn.m the L'lnun eunld only he interpreted in one way. 
War had been deelared b\- (nie >eeliun ni the ennntry a,i^ain>t the other, and 
Abraham Lincoln, true to his determination to ])re>erve republican inslitn- 
lioii^ at all h.i/ards, issued a call f<ir sexeuty-hve thousand xolniUeers to put 
(low n the rebellion. 

How- the jieople of Washin.^ton and the couiit\' at hn-,iL;e stood in tliis 
dark hour ot the country's travail may be best illustrated hv an editorial of 
ihe lime, wrilleii and pnbhshed b\ ."^^ h'. llorrall, in his is.^ue of the lcl<-i/iapli. 
of dale I'ebruary 1, i.Sf.i. A >liorl lime before aclue hostilities commenced 
he w Vi lie : 

■' 1 hat the action of .S,,uth Larolina and other secedin;^- states is treason 
ai^'amst ilie ;;eneral L;o\erumeiit is true; and yet, stranj^^e as it may seem, we 
liiid men ill ihe ircv s|;ui-s wIk* try to justify this treason, as if there could 
he aii_\ jusiiiicaiion t,f a crime so lieiuou- and damnable, ffowever, we never 
Imd one who is not willing to a<lmit that secessionists ha\e acted hastih-, that 
ihey have been j,niill\ of treason; but for all this the\- ;ire disposed to sa\ : 
'I.el the sececlers ;iloiiel If \oii disturb ihem, if you execute the laws, they will 
Itf^lit, and <lown ^oes the fabric uf die ,L,'overnnient.' ,\re thev not bent on 
<\i>'\nti violence to the laws of the ^ovirnment, settint,' the powers that be at 
iteliaiice. riKardless ,,f any consul pieiices ? Has one word been uttered by 
any one ol the seceding,' states that in c.ise of a satisfactorv compromise, .i^iv- 
mi^ llieiii .di they have e\er asked, that ,i;oes lo prove thai thev wouhl accept 
tilt- CnniproMiise and conic back into the I'nion.- We can hardiv believe that 
tliey will ever williiitjiy come hack nnlil, by experience, thev have learned the 
s;icl lesson of .secession. .\^ U) war, (lod knows we hope we mav never see the 
ilay that tlit lirsl blow is struck; for then we may not oness at the end. We 
Iioi»c that tlie virtue of forbearance will be chinj^ to till the last ray of hope 
slirdl have \aiiislie«l, then, if it comes to the worst, let us pre|)are to meet the 

^~ niuK. i'Koi'iii:(ii:s rkmazkd. 

The editor of tlie Tflrf/rap/i was, like many of his compatriots, far-see- 
in.!,', and his dire jiropbecies were fully realized. Others thought the rebel- 


lion coiikl lie tenuinatcd within a few weeks and lliis feelin,i^' seemed ti> liave 
prevaili^'d at Wasliinglon, as indicateil b)' the eall at the ['resident fur less than 
one hundred thousand men. lUit events proved that the |)essimist had the 
better of the aryunienl and in a \-ery short time calls for troops b}' the hun- 
dreds of reijiments became the order of the day, and every loyal state in the 
Union \ied with the others in an etfurl to recruit its ijuota and get to the 
front before its neighboring commonwealth. Jn this regartl, Indiana was 
supremely lo)-al and active. Tlie excitement caused by the fall of Fort Sum- 
ter createtl the utmost excitement tlironghcjut the land and in Washington, 
this county, men. w umen and children could think and talk of nothing but 
the outrage oltered the llag and the call to arms. All felt instinctively that 
the crisis had come; that an awful calamit)' had o\-ertaken the country. 

C)n the nitli of .\pril, I'jlilor llorrall again g:i\'e way to his ])atriotism 
in the following pertinent p:tr;igra]ih : " hrieiulN, the national llag, the glorious 
stars and .^Iripes, w liich you ha\ e so long lii(ike(l npon with patriotic pri<le, has 
been dishonored! I he colors h:i\e been struck" to the traitors, and what will 
you? Will N-on who lo\e the honor of your countr\- st.uid idly by and see 
that emblem of our libertx' torn asnuder.' i\'e\erl .\e\'er!l .\'ever!!! ^\'e 
know that ]iatnotism is at no discount in Indiana, ;uid iKJUesth' belie\-e that 
one lituidred thousand can be raiseil in ten days \i> light for the llag, the 
Union, the ( 'onstiliui(jn and the en foi-cenient of (he laws. .\nd since il has 
come to the worst, since nothing will ap|iease the wrath of ihe traitors, we 
sa\-, in (iod's name, let irs, one and ;ill, light for oin- l!;ig, our coiiiiti-y and our 
(lo(b W'v are sadl\' mistaken If Indiana shall be last in rank; but we are not 
mist:il:en. The \\;ii' now commenced, e\er\ patriot will do his duty; and, if 
we b.a\e traitors in oiu" midst, we \ery much nn'stake the feeling of this >tale, 
if it will not Soon become so hot that it will noi hold llio^e who rejoice at 
the hoisting of the hateful traitor llag." 

i).\\ii;ss coL'Niw's r\iuniru' iui:sor.urioN. 

On Ihe 17th da\- of April. lAe days after the L'uion llag had been lowered 
at b'ort SunUer. a monster mass meeting was held at the c<iurt house, attended 
by the leadnig men of all ]»)litical parties. Noah S. (uveii was the chairman 
of this most notable gathering, and John \'an Trees, secretary. The Saxe 
l)and \v:is tliere and its rendering of patriotic airs added to the enthusiasm, 
if that were possible. The chaiinian, iji acce[iting the honor conferred, de- 
clared him.self in faxnr of [jutting down the rebellion no matter at what cost 
of life and treastire. His speech rang loud and true throughout the old court 


liuuse aiicl every wurd uttered stirred within the hearts ot liis auchtors tlie 
resuhniiin u> du and dare all I'^r tlieir eountry. A eoniniittce, composed Cji 
S. U. llorrall, editor of the 'J\-U-(ira[^li ; W . R. Gardiner (now nestor of the 
Daviess eountv bar), Jdhii ll\ati, lulwafd MeCrisaken, O. I'. Kodarmel and 
Joseph i'eek, api)oiined liy the ehair, presented the following resolutions, which 
met the appmbation of practically every one [iresent : 

"W hereas. With sorrow and deep regret, we lament the condition of our 
beliixed ctiuntry, and with feelings of pain we have learned that the flag of 
our countr\ has been lowered to a hostile foe; therefore be it i 

"Resiilved, That with vuv uinmst energy and power we will sustain the 
rnion. tlie Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, and 
that we wdl pnjtect, with our li\es, our fortunes and our sacred lionors, the 
Hag of our country from insult, wlielber from foreign oY domestic foe." 

Idiairman (liven was not the only one to declaim in patriotic tone on this 
occasion. Several short speeches, abounding in expression of love and 
lo\alt\- and replete with maledictions on all traitors, were received with 
heartv approval and ;icclaim. 'l"o e\er_\one who wouM speak, the au'lience 
g;i\e wdlin;,; ear. The people could not gel enough of it, so lh;it the meeting 
adi<iurnt<l, with ibe uiulerslauduig that it ^bduld be recomened on the fol- 
lowing e\eniug at the same |jlace. AH who cK-sired could not secure admit- 
t.ance at this second assemblage, v.hich was presi.led over by j. W. TSnrton, 
with .S. !■'. llorrall as secretary. Judge iSmlou, i.airioi and elo.|Ueiit orator, 
delnered "a brilli.ant, stirring. lier\- speech, incisive with ])atriotism and logic, 
;md lull of searching blows of keen invective." :\latthew 1.. Rrett, S. V. 
llorrall and others also shune in this gathering as loyal citizens ami as 
elo(pient nujiulipieces for their couiilr\, and it should be related, that men and 
women came from all parts of the country to alteinl these meetings, showing 
b\ \(iiie and action tbev were with the government heart and soul. Through- 
(iUl the counirw b\ d,i\ and m;.;bl. union ineelings were held at school house 
or church, and in the countv seal and villages men and women l)locked the 
streets, all eager to learn the trend of exents and express their views upon 
what already had taken place. 

FIUST CO.Ml'.WV OF \'01.fNTi:KUS. 

The people of this community did not expend all their energies in street- 
corner harangues and mass-meetings. They were t<io full <if eagerness to 
meet in-ult and wrong in a substantial way for that. So it came about that 
on the iSth of .\pril, iS(>i, through the activity of partisans, over one hun- 


ilrcd men liad eiimllcd for three mniulis' service. This was the first company 
(jt volunteers I'nrmed in the coinitx', the memher?, nf w liicli elected C'liarle;^ 
L'hilds, captain; Uichard W. .Meredith, lirst 'hentenant, and .\lansun Solumon, 
secmid lic'Ulenant. ' )n the igth the ()ri;anixati(in ulTered its ser\ices, h_\' wire. 
Uj the j^os-eriior, which were iminediatelv accepted, with orders to report at 
Indianapolis for acti\e service without delay. It is I'clated tliat "at this time 
ihe town ol \\'asliins.;ton was a si^ht the oldest inliahitant had ne\er hetore 
witnessed. The Sa.\e horn hand was scarceK oil diU\ da\' or ni'^ht, hut 
paradeil the streets at the head u! militia companies, t'lrniL; the hearts of all I 
with the yraiul slrains of 'jlail ( olnnihia,' 'dhe ked. White and lUue,' 
■^'ankee iJoodle' ;ind other natii>nal airs. In e\er\' direction the stars and 
stripes were llniii; to the hreezes, iintd the wonder was where all the hanners 
came from. .\11 husines.s, except that of makiiiL; 'war to the knite and knite 
to the hilt,' was aliandoiie<l. .\nierica ne\ er hefore had seen such a popular 

The premier militaiV conipam ol I )a\'iess count)', oi\i;anized lor the 
C'nil War, prepared to start for 1 ndi.iuapoiis on .Saturda_\', the JOth of April, 
and just hefore it entrained a silk Ikaj^, hastily made h\- the ladies, was pre- 
sented to the "ho\'s," a short address in this helialf heinj.; made h\' Mrs. 1'. 
("ruse. The hanner was received h\- L'aptaiii (.'hilds and accepted lor the 
company h_\' Citizen Cook, who eliupiently pledged the li\es of the recipients 
to the maintenance of its honor and safe keeping'; and the reader may rest 
in the assurance that all of the people id" W'ashi 11,1; ton and a lart;e ]Kirt of the 
county were at the <lepot of the ( )liio cN,- Mississippi railroad to see the soldiers 
oti' to ;i war, from which, ina_\diap. they ne\ei- were to return. l'"inally, the 
"hoys" were on ho.ard the cars and as liie trrun pulled out the scene was one 
never to he for,t;citten. Many of those left heliind were in tears, others were 
shontiiiij' their throats into fra.^'inents hiddiny; the companx- L^o(pdhye and (iod- 
speed, while the h;md kept in unison with the occasion, as it rendered patriotic 

L'])on reacliinii' camp at the state capital. Captain Clnlds' command was 
assi.i^ned to the .Sixth Uei^iment and hecanie I'ompauy C; it was mustered into 
the United .States service for the period of three months, .\|)ril _'4, jN<)|, si.x 
days after it was orj^ianized. Upon the expiratifni of its term of service Com- 
pany C returned home and the re,i;iment went into the three-years service. 
In Se])temlier and f)ctoher. iHoi, a company was ort^anized at W'ashinoton 
which hecame Company F., Sixth K^'Ljimeut Indiana \'<ilnnteer Infantry, and 
diirini^- its term of service had the officers: Captains, Charles R. 
\'an Trees and Oscar !•'. Rodarmel ; first lieutenants, 1 ienry C. Hall, Sr., 


Alanson Soloiiicm, (J. V. Ividarnu'l and I Iciirv Iv \'an 'rrees; second lien- 
tenants, Alan.M)!! SdliiniMn, ( ). !•'. Kodarinel and II. !■'.. \an d'rees. 

TIIK SIXTH [•(fec'.IMliNf. 

Thonias T. I'riitenden was CMldUel of the Sixtli Indiana while in the 
three-ni( mills ser\iee. d"he re.i^nnenl left camp at i ndianai)i)lis on May ;v'> 
iNoi, l'nll\ armed and e(|ui|iiied. ,nid proceeded U> West \'irj;inia. < )n the 
jnd of ]nne. W'ehster, West V'iri^inia. was reached and that nii;ht the men 
marched, in a dnwnpMnr nf rain, tn I'liillipi, where a battle Inok place the lul- 
lowin- niiirnini;, in which the Sixth was cn,i;a,L;eil. Uetnrnin,!:;- to (h-aftnn. the 
rei.;iment wa^ hri^aileil nn.iler ( .enrral Moriis and, marchini;- tu Lanrel llill, 
was in the en.L;a,^emenl with ( iarrelt at ( arrick's fMril mii jnly u. The latter 
])art (if lnl\' fnnnd the c ir:;anizati. m hack in cam]i .at Intlianapnlis and on the 
Jiid lit An.Ljnsl It was mnstered unt ni the service. This re.t^iment was re- 
ori;anized fur the three-years service on Septemher Jo, I Xd i , and im the same 
(ia_\ I", ildiiel trittenden t'luk li\e hundred ui tlie men and ninved into Ken- 
ttickv til (ippose dencral lUickiier. This pdrtion nf the regiment nidved frcjm 
Louisville td .MnldranL;h's Hill and frdm there td Xdlan creek where, in 
Ocldher, it was slreni^thcned h\' the arrival df three hundred recruits under 
laentenanl-t'dlonel I 'rather. I',ecdinini; a part df U<.s-ean's hn.uade, dl Alc- 
C'ook's di\'ision, it was marched with I'.nell's arm\ to Al nm furdsville, W'ood- 
simvUle and lldwhii.^; ( ireen. In March, iXfu, the cdmmand marched to 
Xaslnille an<l there went into c;nnii. remainin.i; a few weeks, after which time 
file rei^iment ai^ain was on the march, this time to .Savrnmah, Tennessee, and 
thence tci Shildli. On ihe day nf its arri\al al .Shildli the re,L;inient ])erfdrmed 
ser\ice in saNin^' one ni the I'ederal hatleries frdiii capture and in chari^inj,' 
the eiieniv. .\fter p.arliciiialiii',; in the siciie df (driiith the re,L;inient marched 
with r.ncirs arnn ihidu-li \lahama, td Sie\cn-dn, iheii dii after I'.ra-i;. 
arri\in,L; m l.onis\ille dii the i si >'i t )cld|icr. The m.inth df Xdvemher saw 
the re.i^imenl a,i,'ain hack in Tennessee, where later it tddk part in the hattle of 
Sttine's River. In the spritii; and snmnier df iSd^, the Sixth campai,L;ned 
in Tennessee and foii.i^lit in the hallle of Chickamani^a. dii the TQlh and 20th 
of Sei)teiiiher, where Cdlimel I'.aldwin was killed. After this sani^iiinary 
battle the re.i^imenl tduk part in the en,t.;a,L;ements at P.rdwns lA'rry and Mis- 
sion Rid.i^e and then marched Id the relief df l\iidX\ille, remaining; in east 
Tennessee until the sprin.i,' df 1S04. Takini,' an active part in the .\t1aiita 
campai.i^n, the Sixth fun.iuhl at Tnmiel llill, Rdcky-h'ace Rid.tje, Resaca, liiiz- 
zard Rddsl, Dallas, \ew Hope, .Mkilodiia Rid.t^e. K'enesaw Monntain, Mari- 


(.■tta anil licfore Atlanta, fnnn the latler place retnrning to Chattanooga, in 
Angii^t, w luTc the non-\-eterans were mustered uut. Those remaining were 
transferred U> the Sixty-eighth Ueginient, and when this organizatiun was 
mustered out, nineteen men still remaininj,' of the old Sixth were transferred 
to the h'orty-fourth Regiment, which was mustered out of the service on 
Septemljer i.\, 18^15. \ 

Company C, during its three months' service in the war was free from 
casualties of any serious importance, witli the exception ol the death of 
private j(ise[ih (i. Scott, who died while on his way home. Company E, of 
tile Sixth, enlisted tor three years, was not so fortunate, as it lost se\'eral 
men, lioth hy ilisease and death in liattle. Wayne Alford died of disease at 
Corinth, in June, iSdj; Isaac Alex.ander, disease, at Knoxville, in A])ril, 1864; 
Aliram W. C died in Ander-.on\ ille i)rison, in August, 1N04: I'.enton 
AlcLal'ferty was wnunded at Mission Kidge; C;if;iyetle .Mfurd died ;it liMuie, 
of disease, ni .May, 1 Si u ; John .\/hcll died at Chattanoi.)ga of wi'unds, in 
Xincmlier, 1804; losiahM'arlcy wa^ killed at Alis.^ion Uid-e in .\o\eniher, 
1N03; |(l^iah Crahani was killed .it ( 'hickamauga. in Septemher, 1863; 
Xapoleon lluh.ard was killed at Mission Ridge; John Hill died of disease at 
W'oodsouv ille, Kentucky, in lA'hru.iry, i8(jj; John Killiiin died of disease at 
\\'oodsonville ; James Lamhert died nf disease at luka, in June, 1862; Joshua 
McLuin died nl disease at Xaslnille, in January, 1803; (_'harles I'almer was 
killed at ( 'hick:un;iu,L;a, in .Septemher, 180:;; \\ilh;un II. Wilson died of 
di-e;i-e at Louis\ ille. in .\pril, i8(i_:;; .Xamn Hunter, ;i recruit, was killed at 
.Shiloh, April 7, 1 8( i_' : Ivihert Warner, recruit, died of di-ease at Louis\'ille, 
in 181. _'; l.ieul. .Manful Siilmnoii died nl exposure ;U his hnme in Washing- 
ton. Indiana, in May. )80_'. 

Tiii^ki'; w i':kic soMi". "coi'i'i-.Kiii-:.\Ds" iii:ui:. 

A \er\ large niai.irit\' of the I )enii icratic party in the .Vnrth was opposed 
to secessmn and ga\e its support lo the Cninu cause, hut there were some men 
within that ]);irt\''s ranks who were traitors, .\mong these were statesmen, 
ahle law vers, capitalists and a conlingciit made up oi the riff-raff of society. 
Some of the spokesmen fur the Ci jii federacy, hy reason of \ ioleiice of s])eech 
or reprehensihle acts, were caught red-handed and depnrled into the rebel 
lines, where the\- helongcd. 'Ihe less import.-int, llnMigh more hrazen and 
hlatant ones, kept u]) a continual yelping at home, until the ])atience of their 
neighhors reached a limit and the "copperheads" were sipielched. There was 
a sprinkling of tliis class of citizens in D.axiess county, who early hegan to 


show their colurs, as the fdllowiiiL; article, taken from the Tclci)raj'li's issue 
of April 19, JiSOi, shows; "\Ve have a few secessionists, it appears, in our 
town, who seem to '^\'->r\ that the llag of our country has been torn from 
Fort Sumter, ruul tiie l-'ederal troops heen ohlii^eil to surrender. In tiie cia^'S 
of Christ, lliere was one whose lieart was so (hunnahl)' corrupt that, for 
thirt)' pieces of sih'er, he hetraved liis Ahister. In the l\e\<ihition there >\'ere 
those wlio fi;iUL;ht uiiilcr the enemy V llaL; ; therefure, it is not as'touisiiing to us 
tiiat we find some who are wiUin.L; to join an army oi traitors. If the)- prefer 
to do so let them 1^0; ( Kjd knows we are heller off without than with them." 
A Hag pole, one hundred feet in height, with Old (Ilory lloatiny fnjm its top- 
most point, was earl)- erected in WaslunLjlou. The lias;, so proudl)' waving 
in the breeze, calleil forth senlinu-nls of lo)ah\' and lo\e for the L'nion from 
the manv and irritated a lew dislo\al (jnes lo utterances that (jfteu ])laced 
their li\es in danger. To the west, a sh(.irt distance from the C(iUuly seat, 
was Mavs\ille, to which place a man named Rice journe\eil from Washing- 
ton ami cut ihe llag rope. While in the act ol ilt-'-ecrating the llag he was 
arrested and lined \iv luslice (loud, [lis arrest was lorluuate, lor it ucit 
occurreil the infuriated cili/eirs <i| .\la)s\ille, most ]iroljal/l\, would lia\e 
made shoi-i work of hiur 


The government ;md its advisers were not long in reaching the conclu- 
sion that the acts of the Southern rebels meant more thrm a three-months' 
application of the rod lo the recalcitrants, and in July, jSOj, the call for hve 
liundred thousand men to put down the rebellion weni forth o\'er the land 
and met with instant response. Nelson Al. I'.oltou at once led the mo\'ement 
for recruiting a company of volunteers at Washington and before the end 
of liiK, had named snliicieut men. who enlisted, to form ( 'onip.m\- 1>, TweiU)- 
fomth Reginieui. Indiana \'olunieer Infantry. The oi'licers of this organiza- 
tion, during the war were: iVelsou iM . Ilolton and Samuel U. , cap- 
tains; Jacoli e'overt, S. .M. Smith. Henry 11. Hyatt, first lieulenants; S. .M. 
Smith and llenrv II. 1 1) alt, second hentenauts. (.'ompaii\- K. of the same 
regiment, had for its ca]>lain, Tlioiuas Johnson, of Washington, and T. M. 
Gibson, second lieutcuanl. When the reginieui was re-organized, Samuel 
M. Smith became captain of ('onip.aii)' C, and .\nthon)- Johnson, secoiul lien- 
tenant, with llenry 11. Il);ilt, adjulant of the reginieui: W . S. Waller, second 
lieutenant of Company E. 


HISTORY OF Till-: TWi-:.\ rv-i-orirni (sixrii) uiccimjcxt. 

Willi Alvin r. Jl.iNcv a-, colonel, ihe Sixth kcLjimem was niustcred into 
United States service at \'incciine>, July j, 1801. it moved to St. Louis 
on the Kjth of .\iii;iist and thence into the interior of .\ii^is<jui"i ; there re- 
maining nntil l''el>rnary, iSOj. when it was senl to assist in the rednction 
ot l'"ort Donelson, hut arrived there too late. 

Tlie regiment was hotl\' engaged at .Shilnh, losing, among nian\' others, 
.Major (ierher. It was at the siege o| (■(.rmlh and then went to Memphis. 
I he month ol July iMnnd the Sixth at llelen;i, Arkansas, where it wintered, 
in the meaminie engaging in several ex]ieditions. In the spring of 18(3^ the 
regiment was in li<j\e\'s divisiim, m the \'ickshurg campaign, lighting at 
i'ort (iilison, L'hampii.n's llill and elsewhere, distmguishing itself at C'ham- 
]iion's llill hv a terrific charge un the eiiemv. After the fall ui X'ickshurg, 
the Tw cut v-lonrth went to Xew ( hdeans, and, during the fall of 1863, was 
at Xew Iheria and Algiers, cl'isc h\. It was veteranized in Jannarv, 1864, 
and was given a fnrlMugh home. In Heci'mher it was consolidated with the 
.Sixty-se\eiitli Regiment under its old name and. m Jannarv, i8(')3, moved 
to I'dorida, in .\]iril parlicipating in the investment of .Mohile. ft then 
nioveil to Selma, .\lahama, and s, ,011 thereafter transferred to Galveston, 
Texas. The regiment again was transferred, in Julv, i8()3, Ijy being or- 
ganized as a hattalioii with live companies. Ihe other companies were mus- 
tered oiU', their terms having ex])ired. The casualties nf the regiment were: 
( aptain .S. M. .Snnth, wounded at .Shiloh and Champion';, llill; fames P. 
(ruse, ilied of disease alter reaching home, January, )86j; iNJilton Jackson, 
died oi disease at St. I. (mis; .Ashurv D. .\lexander, died of disease at St. 
Louis, in January, 1865; John Balthus, died of disease in 1861; William 
liradhury, die<l of disease in iH(>2. at Jefferson City, Missouri; William 
I'licwn, died at St. i.onis, in \o\einher, I Sfu ; William I'.ilwards. died of 
disease in i8(i_' at llelena, .\rkans;is: Jackson I'.dwards, killed at Magnolia 
Hills; William (irahain, killed in .May, i^C\l. at Champion's Idill; Thomas 
llanlin. died of disease at home in 1 8f i_> ; I'eter Hawkins, died of disease at 
home in i8(')j; Ceorge Hawkins, died ni disease at Tipton, Missouri, in 
1862; George Messcr dieil of disease at Tipton, Missouri, in December, 
1861; John Montgomery, died at X'icksburg, in July ^^C\y. Harvey Peck, 
accidentally killed at Milliken's P.eiid, Louisiana, in .\iiril, 1863; TTenry 
Ixhofles, (lied at Helena, .Arkansas, in Se])tember, iSAj; h'ranci.s A. She])ard, 
died of wounds, in .Mav, 1863; James Tisdal, clied of disease at St. Louis, 

|i,\\ n:Ss ( DIX'I \'. INDIAN'. 


iii iS()_'; hanirl l\\\ a icrnui, ilinl 111 Ala\, iSd^. al Ww <)rlcans; W. S. 
llc'hns, rccniii. ilied In Ma\-, \Ht)^; jaiiics Alallnry, rrcniii, died in I .luiisiana 
ill 18O4; I'.iKicli .\'a>li, n.-L'niil, died in LiniiMana in 1SO4; 1^. M. 'iliunias, 
recruit, died 111 I j misiana in lN't4. 


In JnK', iS'ii, a cniiiiiain' \\a^ urbanized at Ragles\'ille and in .Kni^ust, 
Cit the ^alne \ear, one al \\'ablnn.L;l< >n. huth l)eing- assigned to tile Twenty- 
sexenlh Ivegnnent. ( oinpaiiy I', oi Kagle^N ille, was officered dnring llie 
war as follows: L'a]itaiiis, Jackson ] .. Moore, William I''. Davis and John 
W. 'rhornhnrgh; first lieutenants, J. X. 'f honilmrgli, W. S. Davis and 
Thomas W. ( asc)' ; second lieutenants; ddionias W. t asey, j. \V. Thorn- 
lungli and William llulil)ar<l. The officers of f'oin[iany 1'^ were: George 
\\'. Hurgh, deorge L. fesler and James .Ste\eiis, captains; John A. C'assidy, 
lames .Sic\eiis and I'.ethuel Clark, first lieutenants: James Ste\ens and George 
W. Uoddick-, second lieutenants. In i8f)_' George W. I'.nrge was made a 
major of the d'\venty-se\eiilli. 

The d'weiit\--sL\enth Regiment was inusten-d into the serxdce of "Uncle 
Sam" at lndi;iiia])olis. ."^eptemher i j, i N(] i , and then entrained tor Washington 
Gitv, at whicdi point it was transferred to lianks' ariii\- ol the Shenandoah, 
])assing the winter near krederick f'ily, Marylaml. In .March the regiment 
took position across the- I 'otoinac : jinrsued Jackson's armv, after the Ijattle of 
Winchester Heights, and on May u. fought at front Uoyal. On the 25th 
of .May it fought gallantly at Wniclicsler, its hrigade (Gordon's) withstand- 
ing the assaults of tw enty-eighl ( onfederale regiment-^ for three and one- 
half hours, repulsing tliein. Ihit the odds were too great, so that the federal 
forces were compelled to fall hack into the town, where, in the street--, the 
light w;is hoilv coiiiiniied. file iclical w ;is coulinued and the regiment re- 
ci'ossed the I'otouiac on Ma\' _''i. 'Ihe regiment fon,L;ht al Gedar Mountain, 
in August, ami at .\ntietam lost lie;i\'il\' on .Seplemher 17. Ihitil the follow- 
ing year the I'wcntv-seventh diil guard duty, after which it ]iartici])ated in 
the li.-ittle of Chancellorsville, fighting hra\ely, hut losing heavily. Moving 
north in pursuit of"s army, it gave a splendid account of itself in re- 
sisting the he:idlong charges of the enem\' and was the loser of many men. 
In Septemher the regiment was transferred to the west, \ ith the rwelflh 
Corps, ;iiid, dnring the f.all ami winler of iSt'):;-,), was assigned to the Twen- 
tieth Gor])s, and was stationed ;it Tullahoma. Returning from a furlough, 
after part of the regiment IkkI veter:inized, the regiment fought at Kesaca 


?ila\' 15, 1^64, (k-ffatiiiL; the Tliirty-;,eci.nul and 'riiirl}--eiyluh Alal)ania regi- 
ments and taking" niie luiiidreil jirisoncrs, includin.i; the culoiiel and the battle 
llag' of tlic Thirty-eiyhlh .Mahania. Tlie regiment then participated in the 
AllaiUa campaign. The n()n-\elerans were mustered out in November, 1864, 
and thuse reniainmg were Iran.slerred to tiie Seventieth Regiment and served 
tliroughoul tile (.'ar(jlina campaign, at tlie end ol whicli they were transferred 
ti5 the 'Jdiirtv-tliinl kegimeiit. The fmal mustei--iiut tuok place at Louisx'ille, 
Kentucky, July -'i, iXd.S- 

The casualties in L'umpanx- 11 lulKiw: William liulibard, wnunded and 
discharged in IJecemlier, iSd^; Ira C lirasliears, discharged in June, 1863, 
with liiss of right arm; FJi>ha (iulhriv, killed in July, i''^(->3; Stephen Board- 
man, died of disease in Xo\emlier, iNii,-;; .\lonz(j C ISurgher, died at Darnes- 
lown ill \'o\-eml)er, [8(11; W. J. I'diiin, died at New Hope Church, Georgia, 
in .May, 18(14; W. R, Carson, killed at Cedar Mountain; Joshua Gough, died 
at Thiladelphia in May, 1862; Willis lluhliard, died at I'.elle Isle; William 
Hanna, died at (..'hattanooga, in June, 18(14; I i, W. IlerroiidMU, died in .Sep- 
tember, 18(14; Anderson 1 )ickerl, killed at Ue.saca in .May, i8(')4; John Cor- 
rell, died at Chattanooga in July, 1804; W. 1!. Matthews, killed at Chancel- 
lorsville in May, 18O3; (ieorge W. Stout, died at .\tlanta in .\ugust, 1864; 
I'ierson Wagley, died at Darnestown, Maryland, December, 1861. 

Casualties in ('ompan\- I'A William ('. l!o\'d, died in l.ibbv prisrm; Jo- 
seph Carrall, killed at (/liaiicellors\ille in .Max-, 18(13; .hi'nes .M. Chapman,, 
killed at Gettysburg in July, 1803; Thomas W. Hill, killed at Cedar Moun- 
tain; J'atrick ( 'uriey, died at home in .Noxember, 1862; Lewis Clark, died at 
.Mexandria, \ irginia, in December, 1^(13; 1!. T. (iregorw died at home in 
December, 18(12; Thomas (iregory, killed at Dallas, (ieoigia, in May, 1S64;. 
William ( iaines, died at b'rederick City, Marxdaiid, in December, 1861 ; James 
1 lerin^haxv, died ;it Williamsiiort, .Mar\-land. in December, 1 8r)2 ; G. W. 
Ibiiu\. du-d at Ailania. (ieorgia, in August, 1804; llenry lluskes, died at 
\\ a>liiiigioii, in September, iS()2; John Jones, died of xvounds at .Alexan- 
dria, \'irginia, in i8(j2; John U. Kellar, killed at Dallas, Georgia, in .May, 
]N()4; ddiomas I.ayton, died in January, 1862; Nathan Logan, killed at .\n- 
ticlam in September, 1862; James T,ashley, died in June, 1864; Philip Ross, 
killed at Cedar .Mountain in .August, i.S(i2; Daniel S. Sjiarks, killed at Cedar 
Mountain; branklin Smith, killed at .Antietam; John J. Williams, died at 
Darnestown, Maryland, in i8(ii; Jnhn Weber, kille<l at Leach Tree Creek, 
in August, i8(i_|; W. 11. WiKon, killed at Gettysburg in July, iSri3. 



COMPANY <;, iniM'Y-M'.C(.)XI) K|-.( ; I M l-;N'r. 

I'.li AlcCarly, Isaac W. .Mc(^irmac-k, S. Iv Nurrall ami (fthers or.nanized 
•a CDiupaii)' lor the !•< Tly-seci nul Kcj^iiiiciif, Imliaiia \'i ilnntcer liifanlrv, in 
Se]itcnil)i'r. icSdi, which was faniiliaii\- kiinwii as .\lc(,'arl\\ Cniiipain'. On 
the Jjih (il ScptemhiT thi- inni untraiiicil tnr l'",vans\ illc and U|i('n arrival 
there went int" cain|), ami were desiL^nated as Coniiiany (i, oi the l'"'irly-sec- 
oml. It had for its (ilfuers, during the war, hdi McC'arty, Isaac W. McCor- 
niack, Si)illar<l 1\ llurratl and Joslma A. Palmer, captains; I. W. AlcCor- 
inack, S. \'. llorr.all, j. A. I'alnier and W. 11, h'aris, first lieutenanls; S. F. 
ilorrall, J. A. I'alnier, W, II. I'.aris and William .\. Alvers, second lieuten- 
ants. When the war was drawini; to a close, J, (1, Sluhhlelield hecame adju- 
tant and Ke\-. I leni-y ( ), ( hapnian, chaplain of the re,t;inient; and Harrison 
Peachee, captain of Comiiany 1). The rej^iment was (jri^anized at hA'ans- 
ville, with James (i. Jones as colonel, ami earh' in ( )ctoher fonml its way to 
Menderson, Kentucky, thence to falhomi. Hwcnshoro and, on the J5lh uf 
J'"el)ruary, iSo_>, Xashville, Tennessee. The rcs^inient then moved into the 
interior of the stale and then to llnnls\ille, .M.ahania, where it remained 
until the latter ]i;irl of Sepleniher. It \\cu{ with I'.uell's arni_\' and pursuetl 
llraxton I'-rai.;;.;- and partii'ipateil in the haltle of I 'err\\ille, ( )ctoher S, iShj, 
losing one humlred and sixty-si.\ in killed, wonnded and nnssing. Returning 
to Nashville, the regiment later took part in the hattle t>f .Stone's Ki\er, losing 
seventeen killed and eighty-sc\'en wounded. It remained in camp near Mur- 
frecshoro until June _'4, then mo\'e(| with Ko.sL-crans' army to Tullahonia, 
thence to ( 'hatlanoog.a and. on Se])temlier H) and _'(i, fonght at Chickaniauga, 
losing eight killed and eiglit\-live wounded and missing. The regiment as- 
sisted in the storiuing ol l.ookoiU .MoniUain and fought at Mission Ridge, 
losing lortN-three killed and wnnnded It \iterani/ed on Jannars' I, 
iSfi4, and then was fnrlonghed home. Retmaiiug. the unit ioined ( ieneral 
Shennan at Chattanooga, and on Ma\- j, started on the AtlaiUa camiiaign, 
in which it sustained a loss of one hundred and three men and officers, killed 
and wonnded. .\fter the fall (d" .\tlanta it pursued llood's Pattered anuy 
to Kingst<in, Pome, Pesaca, thence tc) (;a_\des\'ille, .\laliania, and then re- 
turned to .Ntl.anta. 1 1 was with Sherman on his f.imous luarch to the sea 
and participated in the (arolina cam|iaign. losing ten men. killed and 
Wdunded, at lU'Utonx'ille. 

The regiment arri\ed in W.ishington City, took ])art in the Graml Pe- 
\iew, then went to Ponisville, K\-ntuckv. where it mnstereil out on Jnlv 
_' 1 , j.S()3. 'idle regiiuent, during its term (d ser\ ice, lost in killed, wounded 


anil inissiiij;-, six hmidre'il aiiM t\\\-iiiiK', ')i which (.■iL;ht\--si\ were killed 
(■II the ficlil ami icuv liuinlrcil and I'url) -llircc wounded, ll wa< in ihc fol- 
idwni^ hattlrs and ^kn■lnisln.■^ : Wartrace, 1 'crryville, Slune's Ki\cr, I'.lk 
kivcr. rhickanian,L;a. l.(Hj]<(ini Alimnlain, ( 'hat tain Kiclne i\ivcr, I'eachtree 
I'lcck, Atlanta. Jnnolinm, Sa\ainiah, riiarlL-sti in, I'.lack Uiwr and Bentonville. 


Casnalties of (_'oni]ian_\- (1: I Icnrv llaker, died al \'initi,L;'s Stali(jn, 
("icorL^ia, in Aui^iist. iS(i.|; Kohcrt S. Walker, killeil al I'errvville iti October, 
i86_'; Andrew j. Urowii, same as last mentioned; W. Ik lUirrows, died of 
woinids in l''el)rnar\, iShj; ; James Al. C'amphell, died in .March, iS6j; Menry 
Craft, ilied in juh'. i Ni 13 ; John .S. (ire^ory. died at .\l nr freeslioro in July, 
icSo^; Isaac .S. llaller, mortally wminded at k'hickaman^a in Se|itemlier, 
1863; (leor^e W. Ilorrall, died al .Xasin ille in Julw iXh:;; Samuel llaveiis, 
died at W'artrace, renuessee, in April. 1 Sfu ; llenrx .S. Ilunler, killeil at 
I'errvxille. in iNoj: Keuhen llunter. died ot woumK in 1804; William L'. 
Jones, died of disease at l'Aaus\ille, in .March. iSiij; John .Mc( arly, died at 
Wartr.ace of disease m .\|iril, iSfij;; ('h.arles .Met racken. wounded and dis- 
charged in |anuai-\\ iN'i-i; Uichard .Mctieeher. died of wounds at Murfrees- 
lioro in lanuar\. iNd.^; .\. I\. New'lierr\, wounded and dischari^ed in .March, 
jSii;;; \\. W . I'ride, died of ili-ea-.e al k.\ ans\illr in January, iNdj; llnhharcl 
I'ride, killed at Stone's l\i\er mi l)ecenilier 31. iSfij; J, T. I'ride. wounded 
and discharged; Samuel Kalian, died ol wounds recei\ed al Lookout .Moun- 
tain 111 .\o\emlier. iSfi,^; llarriMin Ki^le\', killed al Resaca in Maw 1S64; 
John knssell. Wounded and lli^char,L;ell in Oecemlier. iSfij; William Snlli- 
\an, died ;il IA-ans\ille in Jaiinarw iSCjj; ( )scar f )\\aiiii;en. died, cause and 
dale not stated; W. I".. Wells, wounded and discliar-ed in I'ehruary, 1863; 
Ik I''. Walker, niorlalh' wounded at .Stone's Rixer in I )eceinlier, 1 8('i_' ; Xiclio- 
kis \\ W.illace, mortally wounded at .Stone's l\i\er; I). C. Wallace, wounded 
and discliar,L;eil in .March. 18(14; J. I'. Wallace, same; Stephen II. Williams, 
died of wounds at kerr\'\ille in ()ctolier. i8i')_'; J.imes II. .McCaftertv. recruit, 
died al l)a\iil Island, Xew N'ork', in May, 18(15, 

sc.ATTi^KiNi; .\iiLiT-\i;v i-;\i-..\'r.s. 

The military histor\' of re.L;iments with which l)a\'iess counl\- jiatriot.s 
were identilied. ap|)ears in this chapter, as shown hy the records in the oflicc 
(d" the adintanl-.t;eiieral of llie slate, and, as a whole, iiia\' he considered reli- 


alile. A full rijslLT of all the men wlm st-rved in tliL- Civil W'ar from this 
cniiity alsM has heeii piihhshed, irnni iIk- ad jutaiU-.m.-iK'rars olVici- ; hut to 
gi\-e the l(jn.L; li^t ul names would take too much space, llowexer, one gathers 
a liehnite t;-eiiei"al kiiowldge of the enmity's valiant ,>er\-ice in the great coullict 
in what has herein heen written and hefore this chapter is Ijroiight tfj a close 
e\'ents and personages deserving special mention, and n(jt heretofore touched 
upi>u, will ha\e received their ju^t dues. Tn continue, LI. F, Burlingame, of 
Daviess cnunty, w'hn went (Uil in Septemher, iH()[. as second lictiteiiant of 
Company A, Seventh Regiment, rose to the rank" of (juartermaster, and 
Richard J. (iraham hecame regimental adjutant of the Thirteenth, and was 
jiroiiioted to captain, major and lieutenant-colonel <_iu the reorganization of 
that regiment. In .Septemher, iS(u, .Samuel W. I'eck" hecame surgeon, with 
rank of major, of the I'.ighteenth, and .S. .\. Wadswortli arose from the rank 
of second lieutenant to that of captain id' Conipan\- \'., lughteeiith Regiment. 
John .\. Cassidw captain of Conipan\- D, Twenty-sexenth Regiment, was 
killed at ( 'h.-mcellor^x ille in May, iS/13. Jame- Xeal, active in the enlistment 
of men m the sunimei' ipf 1 S( u , was couimis^ioueil adjutant of the Frst Cav- 
alry, Twenty-eighth l\egimeiit. 


Com])anies of ln.ime gnariK were olten organized during the trotihlous 
time of the "late nnplea^antnes>," ilnring the (j\'il War. h'rom the outhre.ak 
of hostilities in icSoi, and all during die year, there were constant calls for 
men to ji,in the various organizations lorming hy enthusiasts. Among those 
taking a prominent part in forming coniprune.-- ot home guards were Captains 
J'lr.adkw, (hilds, W'igniore alid II. .S, I'.ingham. .\mong the notahle events 
wa-> the leasing of the Tdiuirapli hy S. \\ llorrall t.) l-'. .\. Lewis and the 
eiitisinicm of ihe palriolic editor. ( )n .\'ew N ear's dav, iSdj, t'a]it. C. R. 
\ an Tree-, was the recipient oi ,1 \;ilnahle sash, |jresenled hv admiring citi- 
zens; ami in l''eliruar\', n]iou the receipt of news that I'ort Donelson had 
fallen into the hamls of the h'ederals, a jollilication took [ilace at Wash- 
ington. I'pou lhi^ occasion W. R. Cardiner deli\ered a speech and C. W. 
Wallers found it a good opportunity to call for recrttits. 

IllSTOKV ot'' Till': I'll'TV-SI-XoMl) Ri;r,l .M |-..\'T. ; 

Twent\-two men were secureil h\- William .\. llodkin, late in iSrn, for 
•■Compan\- .\, l''ifl\-sei ond Regiment, Indiana \'oliinteer In fanirw and eighteen 
U I ) 


f(ir Conipau)' li, same regiment, by David J. Temple and iv. W. .Meredith, 
all of whom were mustered into the service on l*"el)ruary i, 18O2. David J. 
Temple began his service as second lieutenant and later, being promoted to 
a captaincN', \vas transferred to CDnijiau)' 1. R. \\'. Meredith was tn'st 
lieutenant nf his conipan)', lait resigned before the expiration of 1862. 
William A. I'xjdkin was lir^t lieutenant of Company A and later attained 
the rank of ca|)tain. 

The l'"ifty-second Regiment was ])artly formed at Rusluille and was 
consolidated with the l-"ifty-sixth at Indianapulis. It broke cani|) on h'ebru- 
ary 7, i8(>_', and moved to h'ort Henry and thence to iMirt Donelson, where 
it ])arlicii)ated in the memorable siege (if that fort; later performing duty 
at h'ort llenr_\- and i"'nrt lleinman until April 18, when it moved to I'itls- 
Inirg Landing and took part in the siege of Corinth. The regiment was at 
Aleniphis, h'ort I'illow, (Ailumbus, and oilier points of engagement, and 
fought I'^aulkner's guerrillas near Durhanis\'ille on Septemljer 17. I'ollow- 
ing this it did garrison dul\- at and near k'uri I'illow until January. i8(')4, 
skirmishing and engaging in numcrims expeiliti(jns ; then UKjvetl with Sher- 
man against Meridian in January, 1864, fought at Jackson, and veteranized 
at Canton, Mississippi, on h'ebruary 27, after which it took a \eteran fur- 
lough. The regiment returned to Culumbus, Kentucky, and in May returned 
to Vicksburg, from which pnint it pursued and fought Cieneral Forrest's 
forces at Tu|)elo, Mississippi. The regiment was engaged at Hurricane 
Creek on .August 13 and at b'ranklin, Missouri, on October i, in which latter 
engagement it dnive I 'rice ovit of the state. The l-'ifty-second then moved 
to .N'ashville, where it fnughl on December 15-16, and joined in pursuit of 
Hood. It then moved to Fastport, thence to .\ew (Orleans, Dauphin Island 
and to .Spanish h'ort, helping reduce the latter; fought at Rlakely on .\])ril 
(), 18(15, ^''^' ''''^' "*^ Dee's surrender, and then moved to Montgomery, Ala- 
bama. ])erforiniug garrison dut\' there and in other part> uf the state, until 
mustered out. September 10, 1865. The casualties of the regiment follow: 
Reuben Johnson, died at X'icksburg in March, 1864; Philip Derniosiy, vet- 
eran, died in September, 1864; Miciiael Gatlet, died in .May, 1862; Charles 
H. Flanders, veteran, died in March, 1864. all of Company .A; Preston T. 
Linville, died at Corinth in .May, 1862; Thomas C. Duffy, veteran, died at 
Memphis in October, 1864; William Moley, ilied at h'ort Pillow in -May,. 
1863; Robert Ormsby, died at Memphis in ,\ugust, i86j. 



Ill the fall of 1861, tlirniij^Ii the efforts of Green McDonald, James A. 
Dale and J. S. Canlield, ahout fifty men were raised in liU the ranks of 
Company 11 and other ciim|ianies of the l''ifty-eit;litli Ret^imeiit. Indiana 
X'olnnteer Infantry. The nftuers of C'om]>any 11. dnrnii^- the war. were 
James A. Uale and ( Ireen .McDonald, ca])tains; (',. .McDonald, John S. Caii- 
Ik'ld and Z.acliariah Jones, hrst lienteiiants; J. .S. ( 'anlield, Z. lones and 
I'eter lloney, second lientenants. The rei^iment was organized at IVince- 
lon in October, iN()i, ( 'oL 1 lenr\' .M . Carr, comm.andint; officer. In De- 
cember the re,L;iment went to l-ouis\ille, joined lUiell's army and spent the 
winter in Kentncky. On the lir>t of .March. i.S()j. it reached Nashville. 
.\fter remainini;- at K.a^hville for about a month the re.^iment moved with 
Buell's army in a hnrried march to join Grant's arm\- at I'ittshurg Landing, 
arriving there at the close of the >econd day n\ the battle of .Shihih. Follow- 
ing the army in its movement on Oorinth. the regiment participated in tlie 
siege resulting in the evacuation of that place, and then moved with lluell's 
command through northern Al;i1}ama, re])airing and guarding the radroail, 
through Tu^cnmhia and llunts\ille, and thence to Decherd, Tennessee. The 
regiment had se\-eral minor engagements with the enemy in the \'icinity "f 
Alc.Minnville during the summer of iSoj. .\bouI the lirst of September 
of that year the regiment partici])ateil in the retrograde mcjvement of Buell's 
concentrated army after liragg, moving througii Nashville and Bowling 
Green, finally reaching Louis\ille. about the lirst of October, .\fter a rest 
of two days the regiment mo\ed with the arniv to ]^>ardstown. driving Bragg 
from that ])lace and following his retreat to l'err\\-ille, where a se\'ere liattle 
was fought, hollowing I'.r.agg's retreating forces for some d.ays after that 
engagement the hiftN-eighth then tiu'iied again in the direction of Nash- 
ville, arrix'ing there in the l.illcr pari ot .\o\ember. 'fhe regiment tlien 
moxed with Uosecrans's arm\-, in the .Mnrfreesboro campaign, and in Decem- 
ber charged the enemy at I.a\ergne, driving him from that ])lace and on to 
Mnrfreesboro; was engaged in the ]);ittle of .Stone's Ri\'er. December \i and 
on the 1st and _'(1 of Januar)- following, losing in that engagement one 
hundred and ten in killed, woumled and missing, out of about four hundred 
engaged, 'fhe l"ift\'-eighth Regiment remained in the \icinitv of .Mnrfrees- 
boro until June 24, 1863, and then moved with the army toward Chatta- 
nooga; participated in the bloody liattle of Chickamauga, losing one hundred 
and seventy in killed wonnded and missing; also participated in the charge 



aiul severe battle of Mission ]\i(lye, Nu\enil)er 25, and then moved with the 
army sent to the rehef of Knowille, spen(Hng the winter in the vicinity of 
Knoxville. wiiere it snfTered .ijreatly for want of [)rovisi<jns and elulhing'. 


It was under these eoncHtitms tliat the h'ifty-eiglith Retjiment re-enlisted 
as veterans, January 24, 1864, and was returned to Indiana on veteran fur- 
lough, arriving at Indianapolis, March 4. At the expiration of their furlough 
the veterans returned to the Held, in A]iril, and the regiment was then .put 
in charge ui the piint(i(in train oi Sherman's arm\% ])re|iaring to advance on 
Atlanta. In this ser\ice the regiment hridged all the :treams from Chatta- 
nf)uga to .\tlanla, often under a galling lire from the enemy in ])osition 
to dispute the crossing. 

In (Jctciher, one hundred and se\-enty men of thi: Tenth Regiment were 
consolidated with the i'"i flv-cii;htli Uegimcnt. After the fall of .Atlanta, the 
1' iltv-eighth m(j\ed with the arni\' ol 'ienrgia, under ( leneral Slocum, and 
hridged the streams troni .\tl;mta to Sa\'annah. I'he non-\'etcrans were 
mustereil out in Deccmher. In ihe I'arolina campaign ihe hi fly-ei,glith 
hridged the streams fur the .armv of (leorgia. In this campaign alone it 
made o\-er sixteen thousand feet i:)f hriilges. Later, on the way to Wash- 
ington, 1). C, it hridged all (he streams with tht- e.\ce])tion of the James. 
On July 25, iS(')3, the (jrg.anization was mustered out at 1 .ouis\'ille, Ken- 
tucky. It lost during its term of service, in hattle and disease, two hundred 
and sixt^'-live men. 

Casualties of Compau)- II: ('apt. James II. Dale, No\emher 25, iS6,^, 
wounded at IMission Ridge, resigned; W. II. Lyndall, died at l.e1)auon, Keu- 
tuckv, in T'ehruarv, 1862; John II. C.roN'es, died in Januar\'. iSO;;, of wounds 
received at St<ine's Kivcf; John Ci. .\nld, died at X'asluille m .\pril, 1862; 
John If. Barr, died at llardstown, Kentucky, in January, 1862; William 
R>rown, died at Louisville in January, 1S62; Andrew Cunningham, killed at 
Stone's River in Decemher, 1862; David Dickerson, died at Lebanon, Ken- 
tucky, in March, 1862; Zeddeck Dickerson, died at Nashville in August, 
1862; George D. Kendall, died at Bardstown, Kentucky, in January, 1862-; 
Franklin Lavely, died at Nashville in .April, 1862; John T^avely, died at 
Bardstown in December, i8r)i ; John Shaley, died at Corinth in May, 1862, 
Jesse Worrell, died ;it home in June, 1862. 



HEAVY CAIJ.S FOi; TliODl'S IN i86j. 

Til llic iiiiiiiilis ol |ul\' auil Aui;iist, i8ii_', allcr a lull in ^c^■ruilinL,^ tlie 
gn\-crnniciit issiR-d calls for lar,L;e limlies of iik-u, which jirumptcd certain of 
Daviess counl\'s citizens Id leiiil iheir aid in au^nieiiiiiii^' the forces of the 
Xiirthern armies. To this eml, (ajitaiii Childs, ("ajitaiii lnhnsdii and L,ieu- 
lenant llall calleil tor men to form companies, and to create enthusiasm and 
success in these ellorts, war meetings were held m A'arious sections of tlie 
countw at which Icadim; men with i^ifts ot orator\' used every persuasion 
of speech to iiKJuce ahle-hodied men to enlist. In this they were ('[uite suc- 
cessful. In the latter part of juK' o\er one thousand men had responde(l 
to the urgent call of their countr\' and were reaily at Washington, under 
Captain Johnson, to repel iinaders, the word having reached here that 
rebels had crossed the Ohio and were lieaded in this ilirectioii. This "scare" 
made mlistmeut in township militia companies ipiite hrislc, each townshii) 
organizing its own compau)', fnll\ officered. In .\ngust recruits for the 
I'^ifty-eighth Regiment were sought hv W. 11. Kendall, who, while in the 
performance of his undertaking, was forced to shoot a rebel s\ini)athizer. 
("aplaiii ( 'assid\- ami Lieutenant .\lc( 'ormaek gathered together si\l_\' recrtiits 
for their commander. d"he men recruited li\' the ofhcers mentioned were 
assigned tC) CompaiU" 1, of the Sixt\-lifth Regiment, and were mustered into 
the service on the Joth of -\ugnst. The officers ^)i the conijiany, during the 
war, were ( 'harles ("hilds, S. K. I.eavitt, llar\ey Taylor and .^amuel IT 
Alulhollaud, captains; James \eal, 11. T.aylor, .S. II. .Mnlholland and SauLs- 
liur\- IJovd, lirst lieutenants; James 1'. C. I'rewilt, S. it. Mulholland and 
J'^lani Ritchey. secoiul lieutenrmts. 

.si\rv-i'ii-ni Ki-:(;iMi^NT. 

'I'liis organization, formed at I'rincelon, was mustered in at Rvans- 
ville, with |ohn W. hoster as colonel, and was then sent to llenderson, 
Kentucke, to protect the jjlace from guerrillas, being mo\-ed to Asfiury in 
August. .After an all-night march it attacked .\dam Johnson's regiment 
and took' |iossession of Aladisoiuille. 1 laving been mounted in .\])ril, the 
regiment did dnls' on the Xasluille railroad and elsewhere until .\ugust, 
186:;; was mo\-e(l to eastern Tennessee in September and, on ,a raiding 
e.xpedilion up the xallew capluied trains, locoiiKitives and other ])|-operty. It 
engaged the enemy near /ollicoffer and on the JJ'] of .Seiitember lost fifteen 
men at liloiintsville. On ( )ctober 11 it fought ;it Rhcatown; on the I4tl) 


again at Bloiintsville, ami ihe next day at ljrist<il. TIk- rei^inient fought at 
Walker's l'"iinl all clay on Noveniher 17, losing twelve men. Company K 
performed exeellenl serviee at Alnlberry Ciap. On Deeemher 14 the regi- 
ment lost seventeen men in a skirmish at llean's Station and the next dav 
lost fourteen men at I'owder Springs ( iaj), later in the da\' the list of casual- 
ties heing increased hy the loss of three men at Skagg's Mills. The regi- 
ment skirinisliL'd at 1 )andridge on jaiiuary 17, 11X64. Ueing dismounted in 
.April, the .Sixiy-liiili juiiR-d Sherman in the Atlanta campaign and was in 
all engagements of that march, losing an aggregate of twenty-nine men. It 
pursued Mood, lighting at Culumhia, Franklin and N'ash\i*^; was trans- 
ferred to the Atlantic coast in k'ehruary, 1865; sustaitied'a heavy attack at 
l'"ort Anderson, skirmished at Town treek, and on June 22, 1S65, was mus- 
tered out at (dreeiishoro. During it^ term (if serxice the regiment lost twent\- 
six killed, eighty-six wounded and sixt\-one capturetl. 

t'asuallics in ( ompaiix' I : Capt. ( liarles t'lnlds died ;it home in IX'cem- 
her, ii^d.v "' chr. unc diarrlu n.-a ; |ame.■^ riniie, died at Knoxville in h'ejjruarv, 
1864; llenry Hlock, killeil on picket near .\llanta in August, 1864; James 
Boliij, died ;it Kiioxxille in iJeccmher, 1863; Charles K. Chapman, died at 
llendcr.son, Kentucky, in March, 1863; \\'. T. Cunningham, died at Madison- 
\'ille, Kentucky, in Deeemher, i8(']j; llenr\- S. h)avis, died at Camp Nelson 
in January. 18O4; Jacoh D;i\is, died at Knox\ille in Januarw 1864; Cieorge 
(joodw ill, drowned near ( )w eushoro, Kentucky in Juh', 18(13; rurman Ilal- 
colm, dieil 111 Xo\emher, 18O4: I'.lias 1', Ihilon, died at ChattanooLja m June, 
i8t)4; Manoah llnm])hreys, died at Henderson, Kentucky, in i'ehrnary, 
1863: Alhert C. johiisou, killed ;it Kes.aca in .May, 1864; I'enauas Lamb, 
(lied in l,iliii\- prison in lA-hruary, 18(14; John W. Moore, died at Madison, 
Indiana, in .Sepleinlier. 1863: (ieorge W. Owen, died at home in .April, 1864; 
William ()'.Marr\, killed at K'e-aca in Ma\', 18(14; Caleb Reynolds, died in 
a (oiUederate prison in .\pril, 1 80 1 ; Da\id Sears, died at Knox\-ille in 
l''ebruaiy, 1804; John ,M. .Sears, died in a t'onfederate prison in A])ril, 1864; 
John C. Smelser, died at Knoxville in .May, 1864; !■.. W. T. Walker died 
in a Confederate ]irison in Jann.ary, 18(14; Is.aac Watson, died in a Con- 
federate |)risoii in I'ebruary, 18(14; 1-ewis Wise, died at hoiiK- in .August, 
1863; .Stiloiuon Williams, died at lA'aiisv'ille in September, 1804. 

Kecruits: II. 11. Ilrown, died in a Confederate prison in .A]iril, iS6[; 
Warren A. Cr.imer, killed ne;ir .\tlanta in .\ugus(, 1864; Gabriel Moots, 
killed at Kesaca in Mav, 1 8O4 ; John .Mode, died at Louis\ille in h\-bruary, 
18(15; -'^Ifi'cd Spears, died at Knox\ille in December, i8(j3; lunanuel Smith, 


<lic(l at C'aiiii) Xi'lsini, Kentucky, in January, 1864; W. T. Smiley, died in a 
Cciufederale iiriscm in Mareli, 1864. 

Nii\'i-.rv-i"iKsr Ri;(".iMi:xT. 

.\ small S(|nad ni men l>ecanie a part t>i ('(inipan)' 11, of the I'j'ghteenth 
KcLjiment, in August. iSdj, ;ind m Jnl_\' and .\n,L;nst, ihrnu^h the efforts of 
'/.. \ . (larten, 'iliomas Wadswurlh and Starlini^' Sims, ;i full cc>mpan\' was 
raided lur the Xinety-fnst l\ei;iment, the emniiruu' lieini'; gi\en the 
initial letter C. The men mainlv came from ar(jund Kaglesx'ille and Odon. 
The (iHicers of Company (/, during the war, fiillow, namel}' : ]. II. Garten, 
'/.. v. (iarten and K. li. Dunlap, captain^; 'riimnas W'adsworth, R. IJ. IXni- 
la]) and William h". Wirts, lir^t lieutenants; Starling .Sims and James II. 
(iarten, second lieutenants. The regiment ren<lez\MUsed at l''.\ans\-ille on 
Oct(jlier to. A hatlalion ol se\'en nl its CMUi|)anies ]ierformed guard duty 
in Kentucky until June 15, \^(\^. when it marched [<• RnsluiUe, Rowling 
( Irceii and RiU"ks\ille, in pursuit nl ?\|ijrgau. The li.altalion \\;is ioined hv 
tlu'ee ci'Uipanies ui the lale summei' and in .Scpleniher nicivcd to Kashville, 
theuie, in N'Mxemher, tci RusselK ille, (.";nnp XcKmu ,-md I'ciiut l^iurnsides, 
milling thence in January, iXo.p t(j t 'nmherlaud (lap, where part r.f the 
CMUim;uid hail a skirmish. 'I he regiment luughl at 1 'me .Mountain, New 
I h ipe (Inu'ch, Decatur, I'eachtree (reek, siege of .\tlanl;i, Ut(.\' C.'i'eek and 
elsewhere; joined the |iursuil ot Ihiod, nu \o\emher _:; fiiught at I'Vanklin 
auil on 1 )ecemher 15 and [(> luught at Xasluille, snon thereafter heing 
transferred to Washington Cil\. ll |)articipaled in the capture id' Wilming- 
ton, North I "aroliua, then mi(\ed to (ioldshorij, thence to Raleigh and on 
May 8, 18(13, to Salishury. where it was mustered out of the service on 
Jmie -'Ci. The regiment lost eighl\-i>ne men killed and wounded. 

(';isu.diies in ( t'. ( .ipl. /.. \ . (larlcn, wounded and dischargt'd 
in .Scpicmlier, 1804; (.apt. J. II. 'larlcn, wounded and dischargcil in Decem- 
her, 18(14; W. II. Taylor, died at Madisi nnille, Kentucky, in l-'ehrnary, 
]8()_:i; Da\id 11. Keyser. died at Ilopkinsville, Kentucky, in July, 1863; R. 
l'"ii'lner, died in Kentnckx' in Septemher, 1 8(1 :; ; Luke .\<lkins, died at Knox- 
\-ille in Jul\', i8(')4; Xelsoii ,\dkins, died at ,\ash\ille in July, 1864; James 
C'ritchlow, died at Washington, I). ( '., in .\pril, |8(')3; W. II. (.'arter, died 
at .Marietta, (ieorgia, in .\ugust; lleujamin I'.atou, died ;it Xew Alhanx' in 
I'lTiuarv, 18(13; k'lias ('lough, died at Henderson, Kentucky, in Decemher, 
iNdj; William I Listings, died al lAaiisville; Joshua T. ll.asliugs, died at 
llendersou, KentiK'k\-, in Xo\emher, 1 8(')_' ; |ohn T. , tiled at Kuijx- 

1 68 

li.Wll'.SS ConXl'Y, INDIAXA. 

villc in July, 1N64; Jacol) T. Tilliuni, died at ( "uniln-rlaiid (iap in January, 
1864; Joim !.. Alurrisiiu, died at MadiM.ins'illc, Kentucky, in h'eliruary, 1863; 
Carroll Nash, died at I'.vansville in January, 1N64; Charles (J>nian, died at 
llendersDU, Kentucky, ni Deeenihrr, i,S()_'; Thurnton (". I'earee, died at 
iMadisiinviile in hVhrnary, 18(13; Julius Snnlh, died ;it I k-ndersou in No- 
veniher, |S()_>; William Stanley, died at ( "nuiherland (lap in .March, 1864; 
(ienr,i;e lieinier, cause and date of death nut stated. 

ll.WIl-.SS (BOUNTY liSCAl'F.S DK.M'T. 


The draft was ])nt into operation in Indiana in Oc!ot')er, i86_'; hut 
Daxiess counl\- entirel\- escaped any in<lit;in'ty of thai kind, as she had the 
lu'^h in;irk ot distinction of ii;i\in.L; furnished her full i]Uota, heing' one of 
onl\- lilleen counties in the stale to he S(i "forehruided." 

The call for six-nionlhs men had heeu issued in June, 1863, fo AN'hich a 
full compan\ responded in the couutw Ihis conipan\' was assigned to the 
( )ne Hundred ;uiil .Se\ enleentli Regiment, Iniliana \'olunteer lnfautr\', as 
(dnipan\- K, and \v;is (il'licered, during the war, as follow : James R. liryant 
and John 1!. Wirts, captains; John Li. Wirts and John S. ('aniield, lirst 
lieutenants; John S. Canlield and James .\. ('arn.ahan, second lientenauts. 
With a lieantiful llag, the gift c)f Washington lailies, the com])any left the 
county seat for lndiana]iohs on .\ugnst 1 r, iH()i,, where the regiment was 
organized. This regiment lelt l/jr Kentnckv on ihe 17th ot Septeniher and 
later moved to Xieholasx'ille, C'umlierland (lap, and thence into eastern Ten- 
nessee, reni.aining near dreenville until iXovemher; then moved to Tican's 
Station and later to (/linch .Mountain ( iap. 1 lere it was nearlx' ca])tin-ed hy 
the enemy. The regiment ihen mo\ed to C'umherland (iap, thence to Taze- 
well and on to Kuoxville; in Deceinher, 18(13, to .Strawheri'y Plains, thence 
to .\l;i\ nard>\ ille ; iheii hack to (. 'umlierland (iaj), from which place it returned 
liome, the term of enlistment having exjiired. 

Casualties in (^'om])auy K: William J. .Alford, died in .\n<lersonville 
/ prison in Septeniher, 1864; John lllough, died at Kuoxville in January, 
1864; Joini iJnrriss, died at Tazewell in Janu.ary, 1804; Alonzo Cunning- 
ham, (lied at Kuoxville in Novemher, i8('i3; Harvey II. Dickinson, died at 
In(liana]u)lis; Thomas J. [felpenstein, died <if disease at Creenville in Octo- 
ber, 1863; .Moiizo (_". McC-iughey, died at Camp iX'elsou in December, 18(13; 
Zachariah Moody, died in .\ndersonville prison in .March, iX(^\ Willi;im 
J'otts, died at Knnwille in December, 18(13; David Snider, died in .\nder- 


sninille prison in Vus^nht, iS(i_|; William R. Strirkland, ilicd at Tazewell in 
jainiai"}', 18(14; William W inn, ilieil al Camp .Wlsmi in JannaiA', 18O4. 

UlvCHUITS AND \'K'1'i:i;ans. 

Under the eall of Octdher, i^f^], Daxiess county's ipiota was one liun- 
dreu and forlv-iln'ee nu'n, and ellmis at once were pnl Dirth to meet the 
government's rei|uirements. To tliis end C. 1\. X'an'I'rees called for \tilnn- 
teers and the luimher desired was soon forthcoming. ()f this contingent, 
and th(»se secured nnder calls id heliruarv and March, twenty men were 
assigned to Company D, Twenty-fonrlh l\egiment; twehe to Company \i, 
'rwent\'-seventh Regiment; forty-fu-e to t'lmipan}- C. I'orty-second Regi- 
ment; al)ont twelve joined Comijany II, of the l''ifty-eightii Regiment; 
twent\' ioined Comiian\- I, oi the .Si\i \--li iih l\egiment; eighteen \\'ere taken 
to C'ompanv C, of the Sex'eiilieth RcL^imeiit ; Ihirt)- wcnl |o Ciinipany l\, of 
tlie .Seventieth Regiment; .and six I0 Company C, of the .Vinety-hrst Regi- 
ment. Dnring the winter of iS^v'^'t l^i'J^e nnmhers of recrnils and \'eterans 
left for the held. The veterans re-enlisting, remained with their regiments 
and the recrnils were assigned to ihe older organi/.atioiis. No draft took 
]jlace in the connly in 18(14, tin's heing avoided li\' the general acceptance 
of a hoiinty of four hnndred dollar^ offered h\- the hoard of commissioners. 
In Jannar)', 1865, the iiounty was increased to si.\ hnndreil dollars. In all, 
hegimiing with a (ifly-dollar houiity in \>^f\], Daviess connly paid in honn- 
lies the sum of h fly-nine thousand tliree hundred and hfty dollars, and con- 
sidered the moiuw well spent, as it .axoided tronhle alwaxs consei|uent on 
the e.Kercise of the draft and made it possihie for the county to present a 
good appearance on the war records of the state. 

r.y the lOth of Septemher, 1862, the county was credited with furnish- 
ing niie thoiis,ind Iwo hundred ;md ihirlx ->e\'en \-olniilecis. I'lider the call 
of June, l8():;, a full company id' one hundred men was sU]iiilied: ihe i|Ur>ta 
of the Ocloher call, numhering one hundred ami forty-lhi-ee, was furnished. 
Under the calls (d' ITTruary, March ami July, i8('i4, ihe comity was credited 
with se\en hundred and thirly-live men and under the last call, Decemher 
19, 1864, the oflieial credit for the coimly was one hundred and six men; hut 
at this time the county was short of men. In addition, there were three 
companies of minule-men in the stale service, one hundred ,and ei,L;hty men, 
heside eleven companies mustered into the "Region," wuh ahont fifty men 
in each conipanv, or a total of five hundred and fifty in the "Regions." The 
grand total of men enlisting for the < 'ivil War from Daviess county, as 


sliuwn l>y the ailjiitaiit general's report and tlie euunty reeunls, i^ three thoii- 
saiul ami lorty-lwo men, a splendid shnwini;-, anil une id' whieh Daviess 
county shall al\\a\s be j^roud. 


Wdien the Children of Jsrael, after their forty years of wilderness wan- 
ilerini^-, had linally reached the Jordan ami were ahout to enter the i'roni- 
ised Land, a chosen man from each tribe was directed to take, up a stone 
from the bed ol the ruer that was niad.e dry for llieij" passage. These 
stones were carried to the place of their lirst eucamj)ment, ynd there piled 
into a heap, to remain as a memorial. ".\nd Joshua spake u'n'to the.. Children 
of Jsrael, sa)ing: When your children slufll their falhers'in days tu 
come. What mean these stones; then ye shall say, Israel -canie os'cr this 
Jordan on dry kmd. That all the people of the earth may know, the hand 
ui the l.ord it is might}-; and that ye ma)- fear the Lord forever." 

.Moiunnents and memorials characierize c\er\- ;/^ge and every peojjle in 
sacred and profane hl^tor_v. brom the time of the proud and rebellious 
.\bsalom, who nought to perpetuate bis memory b_\- the erection of a monu- 
ment in bis name in the king'^ dale, down to the latest time; wherever heaves 
the lurf or ri>e> the lettered stone, in ever)- rece|itacle of the dead in all 
ages; b)- the towernig jnonnments of gianite, by the might) [))ramids of the 
ilesert, in all the \va)-s known to art and science since the beginning of time, 
we hear man's \(.)ice protesting against death and cr)-ing for imniortalitv. 

"what mean these stones?" 

'Lhere are some e\'ents in the bistor)- of mdixiduals, and of nations and 
comniunilies. that m;i) well be and should be perpetuated b)- the erection of 
niunumeut^. To tins end the stones were gathered from the bed of the 
ri\'er Jordan, that historical inipnr)- might be e.xciled anning the children of 
generations to come. 'J'o this end monuments and memorials have been 
established in towns and cities all over our laud, as a testimony of the hero- 
ism and sacrifice of those who ofTered their lives to save the l1ag from dis- 
hoiK)r, and to preserve a nation threatened with destruction. T'l this end the 
citizens ui j^axiess count)- ha\-e contributed of their means for the erection 
of a monument to preser\-e and |ieri)etnate the mcuior)- and achievements of 
those from ibis c<iunty who responded to their country's call; who, in the 
days of the Ci\-il War, ga\e the supreme test of patriotism. Daviess county 
has hiiiiored herself in dedicating this hioiuimeut in honor id her sous who 

D.wiicss corxiv. IMHAXA. 171 

lia\-e fuiight her country's luittk-s. [ts \';ilui- is imt tu Ijl- reckuncil 1)\' the cnst 
of material and LXiustruction, hut ratlier for the purpose it will serve the 
generations to come who shall make in(|uir\^as to its meaning. .As in the 
ease of tlie rude [)ile of stones hy the ri\'<^r Jordan, it will <er\e as an answer 
to the in(iuiry of children id" future generations, when they shall ask, "What 
mean these stones?" 

^.I'KiiLiiiJXAKY sii;i'S I'di; Tin: i-ui'.e"m)N (jI' a M(jn'c.mi-:x'1'. 

The initiatory ste[is li^r the erection oi a soldiers' nKiUunienl were taken 
hy the local (irund Army post in the early ])art of toil- In order to secure 
an appropriation'- froiii the coimt\' for tJiat purpose it was necessar)' to have 
a petition signed b) a majority of the legal \oters of the counlw in accord- 
ance with the provision?;; of an act of the Legislature. This petition, duly 
signed anil \'erified,' heing presented to the connt\' commissioners, that hody 
could ask the county council for an a|)propriation for the specified amount 
for the specified pur[iose. A coinmillee was appointed l.iy U. S. firant i'ost 
No. "J, (irand Army of the Kepufilic, to make a canxa^s of ihe countv to 
secure the rei|uireil numlier of signer^ to the jielition. d'his committee was 
compo.sed of the following persons: 1'. il. Ragsdale, I'hilip Hart, W. S. 
Waller, James W'yk. .ff, John Al. Jackman, John Kussell, Ceorge W. Fyffe, 
Aimer ('olhert, H. J. Murphy and Heniamin Im'Isou. I'.y the latter part of 
( ictolier, 11)11, a siil'licieiit numlier of signatures lo this pelilion had heen 
olitained and, on Xo\'eml)er 7, M;M. tlie petition was presented to the hoard 
(if count}- commissioners, ddie following from the official proceedings of 
the Commissioners show the further progress of the work; 

■'Xo\eml)er 7, igii. Comes now fT. S. (irant I'ost Xo. 72, Graml 
Arni_\- of the Repuhlic, and through its committee presents a petition request- 
ing ail appropriaiion id ,'^411,110(1 tor ihe purpose of erecting a soldiers' 
monument, ihe petition heing ineseiiied, oil heliall id ihe committee, iiv 
P. 11. Ragsdale, W. I'. Cardiuer, Mavor John \V. .McCarty, J. hlarl Thomp- 
son and I'dmer \i. llarstings. .\fter full\- examining said ]ietition the hoard 
finds the jietition is signed hv more than a inajoritv of the legal voters of 
the count)', and therefore refers the same to the county council and recom- 
mends an appropriation (d' ,'^4i).<too for the purpose id erecting a soldiers' 

It seems the count\- council was not inclined to grant the full amount 
of the a])propriation reijuested. d hat liod\- made an a]ipropriation of lliirt\' 
thousand dollars, as is indicated hv the next ;ictioii id" the commissioners, at 


their January meetiiii;', Tcjij. Al tliat meeting they ga\'e notice that tliey 
would rceeixe designs and plans for a solchers' monument, witli samples of 
granite h' he used, inehiding waliss and approaches, tlie cost not to exceed 
thirty thousand dollars. Ilids to he suhmitted March 6, 1912. 

( )n March o, }')\2. in conneclion with tlie (jrand Army committee, the 
commissiMiiers exann'neil designs and jilans suhmitted and after due con- 
sideraliou acce])led the plans suhmitted Ijy the Washington Monumental 
Works, and the auditor was directed to advertise for liids for the erection 
of a niiiuument accurding tf) these plans. 

At their meeting ou Ma)' c), nji-. the eonimissioner.s ordered the issu- 
ance of liouds {>> secm-e funds for die erection of the mouLynent, said honds 
to he in ihe amount of eighteen tlious.ind dollars, andtobeJir four per cent, 
interest: honds to he in series of one ihcjusand dollars each, payable on the 
I5tli of Ma\ and the ]5lh of .\'ovemher, each year'.""' . J/" * 

On June 4. i()i_', the conlr.aci and houd df Wey & P.ackus, of Terre 
Haute, fo|- the cuustruction (jf the monument were accepted and approved 
h\- the cijunnissioners. 

On October 7, nji-', the- work of construction of the base of the monu- 
ment, done hv .\'oah I'.ogard, sub-contractor, was accepted and \\'e\' & 
llackus, contractors, were directed to settle for the s;une. 

On November 4, nji-, ihe hid of the Wasliingtou .Vatioual l'.;mk for 
hou(K to the aniMunt of eighteen thousand dollars was accejited. 

( )n Xo\-ember 14, i<jr_', George W . Correll, of Odmi, was a|)]iointed to 
inspect the sani])le of llarre granite, submitted by Wey & P.ackus. Correll 
reported 1 >ii November tO, stating that he hafl inspected the material in the 
sample suhmitted and found it t" be first <|u;dity, hne-grained, light Barre 

(hi |anuar\- 6, 1013, at the ioiut meeting of the c luimissioiiers and the 
(irand \rm\ CMiumitlce, Wey iV l'.,ickus suhmitted ph( jtogra])lis of statuary 
for the monument, and the same were aiiproved. 

( )n lulv 2, 11)1.^, the auditor presented to the commissioners the written 
acce])tance oi work done by George Correll, superintendent of construction. 
The Grand Arniv committee also hied a statement of its entire satisfaction 
with the work' <lone an<l the material used. 

lH;SCKIl''noX Ol' MoNUMF.NT. 

The iiKitcrial used in the construction of this monument is Rarre granite, 
of line t^raiii and whitish gr;iy color. -The design (jf the monument is a. 

; D.WIF.SS Ct)l_l-\TV, IN'DIANA. ly^^ 

massive, ratliL-r than a statcl)- structure. 'I'liu Ijasc is aNnut ihirtv lect, aud 
the dies of the shalt are iuassi\'e lilocks id' yranite al.iDUt .six feet scjuare. 
On the top of the shaft is the figure of a soldier, representing a color-lsearer, 
holding- a llag. On the pedestal on the east side of the shaft i:, the ligure of a 
soldier representing an infantry sentinel with martial eipnpment. On the 
west side is the hgure of an arlilleryinan. All this statuarv is carved from 
Barre granite and is a most artistic production of the sculptor's skill. I'roin 
the hase to the top of the figure stn-nKiunling the shaft the height is about 
forty feet. 'Jdie monument stands in front of the south entrance to the 
court-house lawn, facing Walnut street, ddie apjiroach to the monument 
is by wide stone steps from the street sidewalk. ,\rouiid the liase of the 
monument is a wjde space paved with coucrcte, and on either side is a settee 
made of granite. On the face of the lower die fronliiig the street is this 
inscription ; v ,■ 

"This Mt;morJal is the Trihute of the IV-ople nf Daviess Couutv to the 
Memory of her hrave Soldiers who endured the hardships and fought the 
battles nf [SCii to tXt't^. that the Union might be preserved." 

C^n the Mppnsite side (jf the iiKimmieiil, f.acing the iiMiah, is a panel bearing 
this inscription : 

"This ]ianel is dedicated to llu- memor\' of tile l'i(j|ieer> who blaxed the 
way and cleared the lields. To the bra\e hearted Sohlirrs of the Indian 
\\'ars who f.mghl the battles (jf (.'i\ilizatio]i upon Indiana's -Mjil. and to all 
\vho answered the call ol Patriotism upon the Nation's battlefields.'' 

On the face (d' a granite block standing at the edge cd' ihe pas'ement, on 
each side of the approach to the monument, is a bronze tablet on which is 
inscribed the names cit thr)se who had official direction of the construction. 
On one of these tabids are the following names id" the monument committee: 

I'. 11. I\agsd;ile, chairman: I'liili]) Ibirl, secretar\ : William S. Waller. 
John Uussell, i:ci,i;miin J. folsoii. W. Kellanis. Abncr If rolbcrt. 
John W. Jackniau. James W. W ykoff, Ceorge W. Snider. 

On the other tablet are the names of the board of commissioners and 
oi the county council, who were oflicialK' connected with the monument con- 
struction, as follow : 

lioard of Commissioners: Roliert J. liarr, Kichanl .McDonald, James 
T. Sause, John M. Meads. 

Comity Council: Mngh ATcKernan, 1 laman Woodling, John If. Arvin, 
James I'orter, William G. Scudder, Simeon Afartin, .\rtliur II. 'frueblood. 

The total cost of the monument was about eighteen thousand dollars. 



Tlie ik-ilicatiiui of the inuiuiinem took place on Wcdncsda)', October 8, 
1913, an occasion long t(j lie rcineinhercil by all who ijarticijjated in the event. 
'J'o the \eteians of the li\il War, especially, it was a nienioraljle dav, not 
only because it marked the consummation of a long-desired \, in the 
completion i,f a soldiers' monument, l.uU also, by some wlm participated in the 
dedication ceremonies it was recalled that this tlate was the anniversary of 
the battle of rerr\-ville, one of the bldcidic-st battles of the CiNil War. Daviess 
county Soldiers bore a conspicuous part in that battle, and many fond hearts 
of friends at Ikjihc were broken with grief because of sons, brothers and 
husliands who fell in that battle, i* 

'I'he following account (d' the dedicatory ceremonies is reproduced from 
the Dirricss County Dciiiocrat, of (Jctober 11, H)I3; 

"The beautiful soldiers' and sailors' moinimeni on the srmth lawn of the 
court house, l)a\iess countx's tribute to the lo\e and memory of her re[ire- 
sentatixes, both li\'ing and dead, in past wars, was dedicated totlay with im- 
])osing ceremonies. It was the biggest dav in vears for the old soldiers. 
They were here from all parts of Daviess county and many attended from 
adjoining counties. 

"The (irand .\rm\' |)ost room, in the basement of the court house, and 
the lawn in front, was the scene of the greatest activit\', from early in the 
morning. The veterans gathered in groups, chatting o\'er present and past 
times, and the feeling in their heiu'ts seemed to be one of thankfulness that 
they had been alkjwed to li\e and enjoy the pleasures of this day. .-\round 
tliese groups of veterans were large crowds of spectators, runong whom were 
inany chililren who for the fii'st time, and probablv the last time, had the 
opportunity of hearing the st<iry of the war as told by these \-eterans, and 
to hear the music of the fife and drum a-- plaved b\- those who>e hearts were 
stirred by the thrilling music. 

"The stores along Main street were liandsomely decorated, as were many 
private houses. The big parade was the feature of the morning exercises. 
Undouhtedly it was the greatest patriotic pageant ever seen in the city. About 
two thousand children took jjJirt in the parade and made one of the prettiest 
.sights in the entire parade, with their flags waving and the sounds of happy- 

"The parade was headed l)y the city officials, followed by the fire depart- 
ment with decorated wagons, p'ollowing them came the county offici.als and 



tlie twu th(jii>aiul childriii (jf tin- pulilic and pamcliial scIkidIs, each carrying; 
a fkig. L\ini|)an\' I), liuliana Xatiunal (inard, witli the llai; it used in the 
Spanisli-American War ni iSijS. came next and tlie\' were lUUnwed lj\' tlie 
])npils o\ llie hii^h schonl. twu hunch'ed and tit't\- >trim^. The ( irand Army 
|)ust. headed liy l-viefer's haml, was next. Some ul' the \elerans had the uni- 
lurms tliat tlie\' liad worn in the service and this s^axe the a^e-l)ri)keii \-eterans 
a mure patriotic ap|)eai"aiice. 1"here was a lar.i(e luriionl ot \-eterans and 
tlie\- marched liie entire (hstance, thoii^t;!i witli hahini; step, i-'oIlo\\ inj; Uie 
(hand Ami)', came the Ladies Circle of the (firand Armv ot the Repnhhc. and 
then tlie lui^les, led h\" "L'ncle Sam" and his hamier and a drum corps. The 
lnde])endent Order of Odd I'Y'llows l)roui.;ht up the rear, with a large delega- 
tion. l"he line (ijf march was I'rom the court hou^e east on W alnnt to Seventh, 
south to Alain, west to Aleridiau. north to W.ahiut, east to the court hinise. 
The streets were lined with sjiectalors aloiiL; the way. 

"The para<le dishanded at the court house, at the hase of the new monu- 
ment, which the school children and lodges saluted with three cheers, .\fter 
the crowd had assemhied, the school cliiKlren sang "The ISattle L'ry of J'Vee- 
dom.' Ue\ . |. W. Darlw, pastor of the L'hristian church, gave the iii\'oca- 
tioii, followed li\ music hy Kiefer's hand. The presentation of the momi- 
meiit to the (irand .\rmy ])ost was then made Ky Mayor John \V. .Mcl'arty in 
a \ery ai)])ropriate speech. The veterans accepteil the monument ami then 
])roceeded with its dedication, according to the prescrihed rilna! of the order, 
which was verv heautiful and impressive. ]''ollowing the dedication, the 
school children sang 'The Star Spangled iianner,' and then the Ladies of the 
Circle gave their Hag drill, a very pretty and ]iatriotic exercise. The morn- 
ing exercises closed with the singing of '.\merica' hy the audience. 

"The exercises of the ;ifteriio(]n were held in the hirst ("hristian church, 
which was well filled with those eager to hear the addresses of Hon. I£zra 
.Mattmglv and ludge W. \\. ( iardiuer. .\fter a selection hy a mixed donble- 
ipiartet, Mr. .Mattingly made a short address, reciting the part that Indiana 
had in the Civil War. .Mr. Mattingly is thcjroughly familiar with the war 
history (jf Indiana and his remarks were listened to with great interest. 

"Ihiii. W. U. (iardiner was the principal s])eaker of the afternoon. His 
speech was a gem, both in thought and in rhetoric, and is classed as one of 
the finest patriotic addresses that the local Grand Army ever listened to. He 
paid a fine trihiite to the veterans of T)i to '65, extolling them for their valor 
and praising them for their i)luck in enduring the hardships wliich they had 
to face during the war. The afternoon program ended uiili the benediction- 
Ijy A. E. Johnson, chaplain of the post. 



"Julin Harris, a nienihcr of Coinpaii)' 1), l-'igluicth Indiana, was the 
oldest \etcran in altendancc at tlic rtninion and dedication. He is jjast eiglUy- 
ei^iit, hut is still spry. He marched with the rest of the xeterans in the 
parade. His home is near .\lfords\-ille and he H\-es on the same farm on 
which he !i\ed hefore he enlisted in the arnu'. He made that phice his 
home ever since he returned from the war. h'rank A. li\'aus, of i\lcCormick 
avenue, this city, was the yoimoest \eteran to rej^ister. He ser\'ed in Com- 
panv 1!, ( )ne Hinulred and 'riiirt\'-se\enlh Indiana. James Sinclair, ai^'ed 
si.xt\'-six, of ron>])an\' I), h.ightieth lndiau;i. and R. IT. J'>ell, sixlN-fixe \ears 
old. of Com]ian\ I. ienlh .\'e\\ Vorl< .Artillery, were other \"(iun.Lf \'eterans in 
attendance." ij,, 

\. ■ ¥ 

CIIAT'l'liR XI. 

i)-Wii;s.s cnrxTY xll\\'si'ai'i:ks 

Tlic lirst juurnali-~tic \enlurc inadi.- in J)avic>s cuniil\' was !iv William 
r. L')crry 61- Sun, who started a paiK-r called 77/r l'liilanthri>pist in IXoO. 
luther liL-caiise nf its hiyh-sciuiidniL;' ]i;une, cjf ti >r scjuic i.iIkt reasnn, this 
paper did ni/t luuy survive. It ceased to exist within a year antl the same 
parties afterward made aimther attempt to eslahlish a newspaper under the 
mure niudesl name of The Cluoniclc. This latter paper continued until 
tS40. This was the year ot" intense political excitement, when the W'hiy 
party was much in evidence. an<l there was a demand I'or a pa])er advocating 
that political I'aiih. This demand was ■>n))plied Iw Terrv & Smith, who 
established The IJ arrisi'iiiaii. supporting (ieii. William llenr\- Harrison for 
president. iJeliinte data is lacking a< to tliL- length of exi-teiice of thi,> [laper, 
hut it certaiiil)- li\ed to celelirale iIk' election of its fasurite candidate. 

Tin- I liirrisuniaii, liowe\er, did not have a nioihipoh of the political dis- 
cussion incident to thai cam|)aign. .\iiotlier paper, called The Jacksuniun 
Ih'iiuhial, pnlilislieil ]>) Jeremiah \'oniig, came into the lield in ad\'ocacy of 
the opposition part)-. '//;(■ Jaihsi'iii,in Priihural luade a vigorous light for 
the [iriiiciples of the ])arty it esponsLHl, hut llie success of the Whig party 
accomplished its (piielus. 

77/i- lliuisicr was pnlilished <hiring the year 1N4-' h\' James J. Marts. 
The ['dill was estalilished in i,S-|3 liy Charles ( i. Derry, Imt it onl\- lastedi for 
a few months. It was sncceeiletl in ihe same \ear, lirst l/\- 'The Saliirdax 
Mt'iiiiuii h'xf^i'Mli'r. piiMisJicd li\ Joiics X: I'row hrhl^c, and this li\- The 
Literary Juiinuil, pnlilished li\- John 1 '.r.'iy lield iK: l o. 'idiis last newspaper 
\'entnre was the lirst to ajiproacli an\ thing like success. It was coiuimied 
until 1^5,^, when, on account of the de.ith of Mr. Ih'a\lield, it was sold and 
the name chaii.i^ed to the U '(ishiiiijh>)i Telei)raph, with J. Al. Masoii as editor. 
Mr. Mason continued the paper until 1S55, when it was again scjIcI to James 
Stell, who piililislied it in sujiport of the Know -.Voiliing, or .\merican, party 
until 1.S5S. Ill thai year the Teh'ijrapli passed into the hands of .S. V . Uor- 
rali, who continued as editor and piihlisher until iSdi. when the paper was 
sold to Lewis i\; Ciardner. 



In the meantime some nther efforts liad been made in the attempt to 
estahh^h a new >i)a|ier in W'ashin.s^ton. and the>e efforts .i,'enerally resnhed in 
faihire. Re\'. llamihim Ivohl), a liaptist minister, started a Democratic 
paper called Tlir Sun. hnt this paper with hnninons title had scarcely begun 
to shetl its ra_\s npon the community when James Wilkin^ obtained posses- 
sion of the ])lant and changed the name of the paper ti> 'I'lw J-lcc, whereupon 
Tlic Sun went intu an eclipse. lUit The Birc soon fullowed its predece>--ors. 
In iS5(> it came into the hands of C)li\er "P. P.aird, who changed the name 
to the irasliinijluii Dcinociat. Lewis & Gardner came into possessinn of 
the Dcmucrat. in iSfn, and consdlidated that paper with - the Tclcaraph, 
changing the name to the Washint/ldii d'nscn'aldr, on an indepeiulent pulicy. 
This consiilidaled independent |japer died a natural death inside of six 

dhe irnshint/tiiu rt-U-</i-ii[^li wa> re\i\ed in ihe earl\- ])art of iSGj, Ijy 
Dr. W. -V. I lorrall and William Chapman. Ilorrall di.^jxised of his interest 
to Jacob Covert in i S6_^ ; ("hapman did likewise a few munlhs later, and 
Co\'ert continued the paper alone for about a year, at the end of winch time 
he retired, hinall}-, the plant came into the hand^ rii J. .M. (iriffm, \\ho, in 
1865, remo\ed il tn .Mitchell, Indiana, and the H\rsliiiii/ti>n Trlri/rnf^li 
ceased to be. 

Jasper H. Ke_\'s & Co. ])ublished The True Union Spirit im- abnut ten 
weeks, in 1865; in 1873 'J'he .Ir/e was |)ulilished for a few months b\- .Sam- 
uel Saw\er; 'J'he Eulerpri.w. jniblished b\^ John Gceting; The Xalional I'eJi- 
tilator. ])nblished by Parks iK: .Sanfdrd, in favor of the fjreen])ack party; 
the Washington Coninicnial . publi-.hcd a few months in 1881, by S. F. Ilor- 
rall, and the U'asliini/li>ii l\'ef>nbruan. by Dr. W. .\. Ilorrall, in 1883, were 
■ dl >i,nted li' fill .1 Inng-l'tll want, (ii,nerally, the waul was the uii'>t dis- 
irosingh- fell li\- the \enlure>i mie publishers. 

By Charles G. Sefrit. 

The U'ashini/ton Herald (daily) and the a'ashinj/tini Ca.u-tte (weekly) 
are published in \\'ashington by the Gazette and Herald Company, a corjio- 
ration that was organized with a capital stock of twelve thousaml dollars in 
1005, which org.anizalinn was etfecte.l to ])roni(ite the cnn>olidation (d' the 
Herald and the Ca.zette. at that time separate publications, the Herald being 


owned by a sti_>(.-k ci.)in])any, of which (."harles i]. Scl'rit was the manager, 
and the GiizcUl" 1iy l'ari> A. llasiiiit;s. W'h.en ihe consnliihitinii was made 
the name (Arri'/Zt' aiiil Herald was adopteil for the new paiier, hut in a sliort 
time this was chscarded and tlie daily edition was printed as the Herald and 
the weekly edition as the Gazette, thus retaining hnih the (jriginal names. 
Mr. ."^efrit became the managing edilur of the new pai^er and .Mr. 1 Lastings 
the business manager. Sex en years later, in .August, J91J, there was a reor- 
ganization of the com])any. Mr. 1 lastings sold his interest to Mr. Sefrit; 
the capital stock was increased to sixteen thousand dollars, and Mr. .Sefrit 
became the general manager and editor, with John T. Harris as general fore- 
man and adxertising agent, which organization of the office has continued 
since 1912. The Herald now is cjiie of the most inlluential of the country 
newspapers of the state, and its editorial expressions are generally quoted 
over Indiana. .. 

The Gazette was established m l~elirnary, i8()3. ;l weekly pajier pul> 
h'shed by two printers, Jacob t'oxert and (ieorge W. t 'olbert. its publication 
has lieen continuous since that time. The first otlice of the (j'acelte was in 
a small fr.ame binlding on J'ourth street, mvued by L"ol. John \'ati Trees, 
xxhich stood oil the opposite side of the street from the present office of the 
Gazette and llerald ('om])any. I 'oxen sold his iuiere-is to John A. Jvo- 
darmel in i8(jiS. I'.oth Rodarmel and ('ulliert were scarcely out of their 
'teens, and the editorial work of the pa])er xxas dnue li\- John lAans and 
William Thompson, lax\_x-ers, and Dr. W. .\. llorrall, all of whom, with the 
first pro|jrietors and Mr. Rodai'inel, lotig hax-e been dead. Spillard Idetcher 
llorrall, a Union ;irm_\' captain xxlio had done much correspondence xxhile at 
the front for the oM liraiisi'lllr Joiir)ial under the pen name of "0. K. Ju- 
mper Wiggins," bought the Gazette in liSjo and published and edited it until 

1S7'), xxheii he sold out to .Malachi Krebs, who kept the pa])er for some 
eighteen months. Krebs xxas a xitrii.lic xxritcr; kepi himself in hot water 
most of ihe tune because ot his causiic criticisms ol his political adx-ersaries, 
aiiil had two or three per--oiial encounters, one of them xxith C'ol. Samuel II. 

Taxlor, when a cane and an ink-well xxere used bx' the belligerents as wea- 
pons, xxithout particular damage to either (d' the gladiators, hoxxexer. 

M.xyoK KNOCKS lairroR down. 

bist fights were not uncommon auKjiig the ])oliticians in those days. 
While faptaiu llorrall had the |)a])er. William 1). llynum, now of Indian- 
apolis, then maxor of Washington, incensed at some snlpliuric editorial 


i.W li:ss (111 X I V, IMMAXA. 

ciininicnt.^ mi liim, met llic (.-diti'i- .iiu- .Sauirilay I'Miiiiit; ami kmickcd liini 
down a liiiic uv twii ill crik'r t" c\un uil Malarlii Krclis was a tireln'and. 
lie did ni il .i^ct aliiiii; well willi niaii\ id his uwii parli^an^. .\'(.'\ert"heles.s, the 
kcpiililicaiis, while Ixrehs was eihim- ul' ihc (ia:-rt/(-. elected, in 1S7S, the 
greater [lart ul their enuut)' ticket l'>r the (ir.^t time alter the war. The 
ei>iiiU\' canipaiL;:! i<\ iNjS w a> emivpicni ais fur extreme hitteniess and acrid 
exhiliitiuiis id piilitical aninmsitie-^. Must all nl the leadiiiL;' si)irit> nl that 
sa\'a!;e]\-Ci>nle>ted cam])aii;n ha\e lieen returned tu the niulher dust. Col. 
Sam d"a\liir, Juhn llem-y O'.Xeall, David J. ilelrnn. C'nl. Steve lielding, 
Capt. .^amuel II. .MulhuUand, Samuel 11. Kerche\al, ('apt. (ireen AlclJunald, 
lleiir\ ( '. I'.riiwii. Malaehi Krelis, Jnseph Wilsmi, Edward !■'. Meredith, all 
have pa>>eil amuiii; the shades. .\ lew ni their contemporaries, yet waiting 
at ^L;reeii uld a^es. are jndi^e W'illiaui U. ( iardipi.'r. Col. X. ii. jepsmi, Capt. 
Zack J. me-., wliu was elected sherilf mi the Ue|iL;lilican ticket, and William 
Kenned)-, the l)emiicratic nmniiiee fur cmiiity clcik. whu was defeated hy 
Ju^eph W'ilsmi. 

.\lalachi Krehs retired frmn the i,\i::clU' after the electimi uf 1878, and 
the pa]ier hecame the prnperty uf hi> sureties, Muses L. Ik Sefrit, Henry C. 
Iliiiwii, ()li\er II. I'.rann, 1 leiiry II. llsatl, .\. II. Jepsun and William .\rm- 
struii;.^, whu i-uiitiimed its pnhlicatiun. with luhii .\. Kmlarmel as mana.i^er, 
until iSSo, when it \va- liunL;ht h\ Uuikaruiel, William Martin and Henry 
l.'. Ili-Mwn. Later k'rank- .\. M\er^ hmii^hl .\l;irtin\ inlerest and liecame 
the editur. Then k'.li^ha llyatl purchased l'.ruwn\ share, and this linally fell 
intu the h.ands i<\ llelier II. .\llen, whu uwned it fur a shurt lime, .\fler the 
death ni Uudarmel, the ]iaper parsed tu Muses I.. P.. Sefrit and Charles G. 
Sefrit, in 1SS7. Mr. Sefrit, the elder, died in iSijj, and the Caccttc for 
several vears was jmhli'^hed hy Charles G. Sefrit and his brother, J'rank I. 
Sefrit. ( 'harles C. Sefrit left the \k\\kt in |S()(), and fur sume twu ur three 
\ear- il wa- uwned h\ l-|-ank 1. Sefrit and I'.iri- A. Ila-^tin^s. krank [. 
Sefrit wa■^ a]ipuinleil pu-lnia>ter in 1X1)7, and iwu \ear> later .^uld mit tu Mr. 
1 la-.|iii.L^s. whu was the uwiier uf the paper fruin that time until its cuusuli- 
datiuii w ilii the I Icrahl in 10115. 

Ihe Jlcnilil was fuunded lis' Duncan Smitii, iiuw a nuled Chica.t^^o 
writer uf hnniurmis ])ara,L;raphs. d'hen, in 1S05, it wa< hiiu.nht li_\ Crahani 
Sanfurd, whu later tuuk fi.r his partner his hruther, Ceur,!;e I.. Sanlurd. At 
fn-st it wa.s printed un a hi^- juh pre-> in the seci.nd -turv ui the hnildin,';- at 
'Ihird and .Main streets, iiuw ucciijiied h\ the State Ikmk < d" Wa>hiny;lon. 
I-ater a cylinder pre.^s wa> huu-hl, and the ultice wa- mu\eil tu the building 
at k'uurth and \'an Trees .-.treets nuw uccniiied by liie liazelte and Herald 


Company, (jraliani and (lenr^c Santcrd smM oiil in 10^14 to a cimipany 
wliicli changed the pulitical Cdiiiplcxion <if ilie IL-i.-iihl fioni nKk-pendi-nl 
Democrat in kcpnl>Iican, and rliii--e L'liarlcs (1. Sclrit I'ipr tliu paper's editor. 
A year later the llciald and the Carjctlc were nier!.;ed. 


When the nld dnzcllc was fnunded, and fur nicn'e than lil'leen \ears 
tiiereafter, the paper was printed (ju a "W'ashin^ti in" hand-press. It was a 
iieree-raekinL; and nuiscle-tirinL; jch In ,L;et nnt the weeldy ethtion witli the 
sliiw liand-press, and on jnant (hi_\-, which was h"rida\', e\eryhod)' worked at 
the lit'lice nntil loiij^' at'ter nii(hn^lu, ,L;ettin^ tlie sheets printed, fuhk'd and 
reaii_\- t"<ir maihng. .Ml the pajiers that went int.i the pdstnt'lice had id l)e 
adth'essed h\ hand, as thei'e wa^ ltd niaihnj.; ina<hine, .and dne df the ikities 
of tile "" e(Hldi- was td write tlie addresses on the hi,;;' Imnch df "single- 
wraps." I'rintnig tediims wdri<. hiU it was well ddne, dn rag paper 
thai Cdsl frdiii se\en td ten cents, dr nidre, the iinnnd. It was gddd paper, 
thdnnh, as the hies nl nearly hall a ceiittuw ai;d prnve. I'.arly in the eighties 
the pfdprietdrs discarded the did "\\',L--linit;ldn" and lidUL;ht a secdiiddiand 
llalicdck c\ lin<ler-press, which had id he tinned li\ hand and was a regular 
niand<iller. Jt re(piired a pdwerfnl man to turn the crank single-handed. 
Alter Hugh AlcKernan (ipened his planing-mill at the rear of the Jh'att 
building uii Third street, ])dwer was secured frum the mill, the da\' nf haud- 
])ress work fur the iia::ctlc ended and a daily e<lition was begun. In 1912 
the I'ranston c_\liniler-press, which was ]jiit in \)\ the Saiilc)rds, was replaced 
by a (idss "("dinet," a web perfecting ])dwer-press that ])rints and fdlds the 
editidus of the Herald and the (iaccllc at one operalidU frnm a Cdiitinuous 
rull. Idle I Irnild's is the first perfecting ]ires> td be in-^lalled in l)a\'iess 
Cdiiiii). Likewise the ILiiihl was the lirst newspaper in the ci'uni\- td put 
in a .Mergaiithaler lindt\pe, which ddes awa\ with l\ ]ie-setting bv hand. 
This machine was ]iurchase<l b_\' the Ilcrald in 1005. 

]'-()iM) surciiss i.\ w'ii)ia< I'Ikids. 

The Gaccttc and the llcrald, 111 the fifty years df their coml)ine<I exis- 
tence. ha\e turned dut nian\' newspa]ier men, sniiie dt wlidin have gained 
prdminence in the prdfession. jacdb ('d\ert, one nl the uriginal fdunders 
df the Garjc/tr. went frdin W'.ashington to l'"\ans\-ille and from there to 
Washingtdn fit)', where he dbtained a situatidn in the gd\erninent iirinting 


office, that lie lieM until liis death. Duncan Smith went from tlie Herald to 
Chicago to become une uf the celei^rated paragrajjiiers of the second citv of 
the Union. Frank I. Sefrit went from tlie Gazelle to .Sah Lake, where for 
years he was the manager of the Salt Lake Tribune, one of tlie leading 
newspapers of the inter-mountain states, lie now is the editor and general 
manager of the .-liiieriean Rei'eille, at Bellingham, an intluential Republican 
paper of the stale of Washington. Graham, George L. and Leigh Sanford, 
brothers, all <if whom started with llie Herald, now are prospering in the 
newspaper and ])rinlmg business in Nevada. Louis B. Sefrit went from the 
Gacelle to Seattle, Washington, where he held a responsible i)lace with the 
Seattle 'rimes until his sudden death from pneumonia in 1909. Jack Mat- 
tingly, who learned to be a good re])orter on the Herald, and Jack AlcCafferty, 
who ha<l his training in the Gacette office, went to Salt Lake to work on the 
Tribune, liacli of these bright young men died at Salt Lake. Walter Mc- 
Carly, now with llie / udianaf^nlis !\'e:es. was a "cub" re[)orter on the Herald. 
Carl C. Ih-aylield, a \-ersatile Indiana writer who died a few years ago at 
Charlestown, was associated with the Gacette for many years. 


The Dai-iess County Deinuerat was established on December 12, 1863, 
by T, 1\. I'alnier and Stephen Belding, as a six-column folio, with the stib- 
scription price at two dollars per _\ear, and with the motto; "The Union, the 
(Constitution and the Enforcement of the Laws." On June 4, 1868, the 
paper was enlarged to a seven-column (|uarto, a patent in.side being adopted, 
and the motto drop[)ed. On October 17, 1S68, Colonel I'almer sold out to 
Mr. Belding, who was the sole ()roprietor until October 23, 1869, when 
F.lias l'\ Widiier \va> ailniitted to parlnersliip, and llie linn became l^. Beld- 
ing iv L'ompaiu. The oflice of the publication, which had up to lhl^ time 
been 'on \'an Trees slreel, in the rear of the postcffice, was remo\-etl, June 
10, 1870, to the Gallagher l)lock, (.m Main street. Al this lime, Mr. Widner 
sold out ti> Mr. Belding. The palent-inside feature was discariled on 
Nox-ember 13, i86y, ami on .\pril 8, the subscription i)rice was reduced to 
one dollar and fifty cents per year. On July i, 187O, the pa])er was enlarged 
to an eight-ciilumn folio. In 1873 a power pres.s was set up and the p.aper 
took on a nil ire prosperous aiipearance. On l''el)rnary 20, 1881, the estab- 
lishment was niowil to larger (juariers on Third .street, just snuth of where 
now stands the Xeal & I-'skridge store, and in oS'^s a half interest in the 
newsiiaper was sold to Samuel B. Bo_\*d, the firm name Ix'Coming Belding & 


Boyd. In June, iSS6, the pnhlicalinn ui a daily paper was started, the paper 
being named the U'ashiiujton IK'iiunral . l-'runi tlie start, tliis puhhcation 
proved a success, and today it is considered one of the l)est small-city news- 
papers in Indiana. On October i, 1887. Mr. Bekling; sold his half interest 
in the Ih-iii(icriit to I!. 1'. Strasser, who remained a partner cil Samuel B. 
Boyd until October 7, 1S91, when Mr. Hoyd became the sole owner. On 
May 25, 1889, the newspaper plant was moved into the new Democrat 
building, erected on l-^ast Third street, between \';in 'J'rees and Walnut 
streets. On January i, 1906, Mr. ].!<iyd sold a half interest in the news- 
paper to Henry Backes, who at that time was city editor of the Democrat. 
Simultaneous with tlie formation of the new partnership of Boyd & Backes, 
a Mergenthaler linotype machine was installed. Aljout a year later an 
addition was built to the Democrat building, almost doubling the floor space, 
and, as the business rapidly grew, a \ast auKjunt of new machinery was 
added, including a uKire ra|jid news])aiK.'r press. In January, 1915, the 
Jrasliiiiijloii f)L'iii(icrat secured the franchise of the United Press 
ciatinn, with a leased wire running direct into the ntTice, placing the Demo- 
crat in a class with the metropnliljin newspapers for quick handling of the 
world's news. The partnership formed in 1906 continues at this time, with 
Mr. Boyd as editor and Mr. Backe.s as business manager. Bc.ith the U\ish'- 
iitgton Democrat and the Dm'iess County Demmrat coutain eight pages, 
si.K columns to the page, the subscription price of the daily l)eing ten cents 
per week and the weekl\- one dollar per year. 


There ha\-e been other newspapers started in some of the smaller towns 
of the county during its hisior\-, but these journrdi>tic enterprises were 
Usually ol biief e\i-Iencc'. The exception to this newspaper experience is the 
Oilon Journal. publi-,he(l at the llonrishing little t(.)un of that name in 
Daviess county. This ]iaper was e.■^tablished in 1873, and is still being pub- 
lished, with a good list of subscribers .ind a fair advertising p.atrouage. The 
present editor and [jublisher is John 1'.. Stott. 

cii.\pt1':r XII. 


in llie history ot the world, churcli hiilory has ,i;oik' hand in hand with 
the material de\el(jpnienl of nations that have arisen, lint, inilike the historv 
oi nations, the church has not only continued to exist, hut has continued 
to increase in pcjwer and intluence. It has i;one from continent U) conti- 
nent, and t'roni hamlet to hamlet, until e\er} town and city today l)oa>ts 
of its coterie of churches. \\'asliiui.;ti m, like all other cities, has within its 
ljor<lers re|)reseiUati\es of se\eral of the ])romincul religious bodies of the 
world, each with an active, progressi\e nieniherslnp and shepherded by an 
ethcient [jailor. 


'J'he Westminster l'resl)yterian churcli claims to be the oldest church 
organization in Ua\iess county, and the claim seems to be well established. 
Its origin dates back to iSuj, when missionaries ol the I'resbx'terian taith 
\'isited this jjart c.)f what was then the Territory ol Indiana, preaching and 
teaching in the humble homes (jf the pioneers whcj had settled in this secticm. 
in August, 1S14, l\e\. (.ieorge T. Scott, oi X'incennes, urganize<l a church. 
with a memljership of seventeen. In the same )ear a young man was (jr- 
dained for the ministrv by the Muhlenburg ])resbytery, and in May of the 
following \'ear Rev. John M. l.)icke\' came to ^erx'e this newly-organized 
church, as the tirst regular pastor. l\e\-. 1 'ickey came on horseback, with 
liis wife atid all his earthly pos>e>sions carried ou the horse behind him. The 
lilirarv of Mr. iJickey consisted of a Mible, liunyan's "I'llgrim's Progress," a 
theological dictionary anil Pisher's catechism. For four years he ministered 
to the needs of the small congregation, which was scattered o\'er an area 
of ten by sixteen miles. During his pastorate his wife died, and he after- 
ward married the daughter of Ninien Steele, one of his elders. It may be 
interesting to know that Rev. John iM. Dickey was the grandfather of Rev. 
Sol. C. Dickey, D. D., of Winona, Indiana. 

•The first church home of this congregation was located on the north side 
of Palmers creek, two and one-half miles south of the village, now the 

■Iii;isi-IAX i'liri:rii. \\asiiixi;ti ix. 

i'i;i';si:vn':i:r.\x I'l iriirii, wasi iixc'i'ox. 



city iif \\'ashini;"tt)ii, jusl ;K'rii--s the ruad from llu- present In.nne nf 
l)a\iil Krili.s. 'The eluirch was hnilt nt unhewn lnj^s, with elaplwiard 
ruuf, hell] in phice h}' ]i(ile>, a (hrt Hdor ami >eats ul' -pht lii<;> [)lane(l with 
the Ijroaii axe. It hail um ehimney, uur an\' nielhoil nt heatiiiL^, ami eon^e- 
qiieiitly cunlil mily he used ihirin,;; the warm ^easMii. Thi^ was the thinl 
I'resln'terian ehnreh in Indiana Territor)-, and, hnmlije anil ernde as it may 
seem, it was (|uite as prelentinns as the Immes ol the people who assem- 
hled there for w'or>hip. Mow Umil; thi^ honse wa^ nsed as a ])laee ot wor- 
ship i^ not deliniteK' known, hut after l)a\iess eounl\- was orijanized, and 
the town of \\ a>hiii:;ton was laid ont, there is reeoriled a deed, dated on 
AuLjust 7, iS|i), eon\ (.A in.L;' to the trustees of the I 'reshylerian soeiel)' lot 
Xo. Si;, of the ori.i;uial town of \\'ashin,L;ton, a> l.iid out hy I'eter W'ilkins 
and I'jiiannel \'antree-s. rhirt\-li\e dollars was the juaee paid for this lot, 
which is the location on the corner of is now l^.ist ."sixth and I lefron 
streets. A small frame huilditiL; was erected on this Idt, soon after the pur- 
chase was made. This huildiuL; scrx'ed for a church, a schoul house .and a 
court house, in the earl\- period of Washington's hisi.iry. In iS^J this huild- 
inu; was replaced h\' a hrick structure. The work rei|uired in the erection 
of this Latter hmldiuL; was arduous and loni;-, the lahor, for the mo-,1 part, 
liciuL;' performed h\ the memhers ol the con^re,L;alion. The cla_\- Irom which 
the hricks were made was tramped hy liarc feet, and the women took their 
turn in cookiiif.;' for the men while they worked. 

In iNfhS the coiijirci^atioii had .s^rowii to such numhers that a new 
church was imperative. The old hnddin.i:;- was sold to the Christian de- 
nomination, and in the same year the work of erectin.i; a larger house of 
worshipi was he,L;un, on lots donated hy I'hilip and Sarah (.'ruse. In iXyn 
this church was remodeled, at an expense of several thousand do|l;irs, and 
ni iSi)ii .Mrs. W. 1.. iacksnn L;ave live hundred dollars .a- a nucleus fur a 
fuuil for a pipe-iir,i;,ui for the church. I'he second melodron used in the 
church is still in the posM.'ssion of l)a\id Krihs. 

The jjresent church huildin.i; was erected in Hjiio-ii, and was formally 
dedicated on h'ehruarv 1 _\ niiJ. It is a heautifnl structure, hnilt of smooth 
r.edford stone, in the classic order of archilectm-e, commodious, convenient 
and artistic, standini;' ;is a momiment to the untirini; zeal ;nid liherality of the 
Westminster j'reshvteriau church, and its faitliful pastor. Dr. i '. 

The following- have served as |)astors of the Westminster I'reshyterian 
church since its nri^aiiization : Rev. John M. Dickey, iSio; Kev. Ransom 
Maw ley, iXj3-_:;4; Rev. Calvin 1 hitler, 1H34-3S; Reverend .\ilams; Reverend 


Wall, ]S4(i-48; Kcv. 11. L. McCuirc, i84S-5_'; Ui-v. S. Taylur, 1S53-54; 
Rev. J. C. Martin, iiS55-57; Rev. 11. U. Scott, iS5,S-6o; Rev. I'rancis Lynn, 
jS6o-6j; Rev. (J. M. .McKee; ( su])])! y ) Rev. C. McCain, 1863-66; Rev. 
A. Taylnr. 1866-68; Rev. John ( arsnn ; Rev. A. Slerritt, 1871; Rev. E. C. 
Trinihle, 187J-76: Rev. 1-:. A. lUirnett, 1876-77; Rew Jdlin, 187S-S0; 
]\ev. R. K. Ilawley, 1880-86; Rev. janie.s (jnielvena, 1887-95; Rev. Alex- 
aniler Uninhart. 181)5-07; Rev. i. I. (jorhy, D. D., i8i;8-; Rev. James A. 
Dougias.s, i<;o5-io; Re\-. W'illiani 1'. llosken, D. D., U)io to the present time. 

On January 20, 1909, a unidU of the ( 'uniherlanil 1 'rcshyterian and the 
\\'estniinster l'resl)_\'terian churches was cimsinnniated, thi.^ united liody taking 
the name of the Westminster I'reshyteriaii church of Washington. 

In Xoveniber. 1914, the centennial of the WcNlminster J 'reshyterian 
church was celehrated. ( )n this dccasiim an extended histurv "i the cimgre- 
gation was given, relating many interesting facts ;ind incidents of the hun- 
dred \ears of its existence, ft is fi'om this historical sketch that this article 
has heen compiled. 


The J-'irst iMetlKjdist l'4)iscopal church of Washington liad its origin 
in 1816. The llrst serninn preached here by a minister of that denomination 
was in the pri\ate house of Saninel Miller. The house of 'I'homas Meredith 
also was used for that puri^ose. Rev. John Shrader had charge of the cir- 
cuit that included Washington at that time, ])reaching here once each month. 
The woi-hip \ conducted in pri\ate residences, and sometimes in the 
schoii! house or court house, until 1827, when a small hrick church was 
erected at the corner nf ITefrdii and h'irst >treets. It seems that the con- 
tractnr who erected this huilding slighted his job. The strucHire was con- 
.siilered mwafe ami was used uuh .-ibout Iwn years, when it was abandoned, 
.and for eight years the congregatinn again resnrted to ]iri\ate residences for 
wiirship. The congregation purchased a lot at the corner of Third and I'lora 
streets, upnu which stond ;\ small dwelling. This was remodL-le<l by Rewis 
Jones, b'rver and William llrattnn and cimxerled into a house (if wor- 
shi]). the minlcst litile church being forniallv dedicated by Rev. John W'diul, 
in 1837. The membership of the clim-ch at that time was one hundred and 

]n 1858 another church building was erected, at a cost (d' about two 
thousand dnllars, .and was dedicated b\- Rev. I'alvin Kingsley, a prominent 
Methcilist di\ine, who afterward became bishop. There was a cuntiiuietl 

■IIIST .\:i;i'lin|i|ST lll'ISCMl'Al, rllll;c-|l, W ASI I I M ;Ti IN. 


increase in the membership of the congrei^atiuii eacli year until the necessity 
of a larger hiiikling became apparent. Accor<Ungiy, the leading spirits of 
the congregation began to devise plans for the erection oi a churcli to meet 
the demands. .V location was purchased on the corner cif [Meridian and 
\'an Trees streets, wliere a modern and C(in\x'nientl\ -arranged church was 
erected and fnrmally dedicateil in ]cSi;o. This is the church in which the 
congregation at present worships. Re\'. W. S. Rader has been the ])astor 
in charge since loi.v I he [jresent membership of the church is t-ight hun- 
dred and iifty, with a Sunda\- schnol enrollment id' eight hundred. .\. O. 
h'nikerson has Ijeen the efficient superintendent (jf the .Sunday school for 
lifteen }'ears.. Dr. K. .M. Smiley is director of tlie large ch.oir, one of the 
liest in the conference. Doctor Smile}' has ser\eil thi> church as chorister 
for about t\\euty-ri\e _\'ears. 

During the more than one hundred years of hi^tory of the Washing- 
ton Methodist cluu'ch, about sixty-two nnnisters ha\'e ser\ed the church as 
pastors. Among these are tlie name.i of men wIk) ha\-e been prominently 
identified with the larger work of the denomination, men of recognized 
abilit)- throughiiUt the church and in the slate. The pastorate of the larger 
number of these ministers was for a period of only one \ear. Until the 
pastorate of ]iev. John Tolbert, in 1S41, no mini>ter ha> a record of more 
than (iue gear's ser\-ice. .-Mter Rev. Tolbert the lollowing ser\ed fi_)r two 
year each: Jame* 1\. Williams, from 1843; J. W. Julian, from 1849; T. S. 
\\niited, fr(.im 1854; J. F. McCan. fr(nn 1856; Charles Cross, from i8'')o; 
Stephen liowers, from 1864; W. !•". llarned. from 1866; ,-\aron Turner, 
from i8()o; liayden Hayes, from 1871; John Walls, froui 1874; F. .\. 
I'riedly, from i87(); Waher Lhidcrwdod, from iSSi; W. b'. Sheridan, from 
1S91 ; b".. .\. Cainpliell, from \Xi)')- I he following served for a period 
longer than two \^; T. t". 1 i;nik->. 18,^3 to 1 SSo : .\l. S. Ilea\ enriilge, 
1 S8(> to i8()i:t'. b", Asbury, iSo^lo iSgN; Samuel keid, 1 00 1 to i()04;J. W. 
I'-aker, i(;i)4 to i<je)8 ; II. 11. .Mien, loio to 1013. the beginning of the 
present i^astorate. 


There arc about twent\' other churches of the Methodi-t denomination 
in Davies> county. The most of these are small country churches, where 
there is no settled pastor an<l preaching ser\ ices are irregular. ( )n account 
of this condition, some nf the country churclies that oiiee were prosperous 
and ga\-e promise of permanency ha\c sultered a decline. In some instances 


iA\ ll'.SS ror \ IV, INDIANA. 

tlic Iar,L;LT ])art ^l' the nieiulier>liii; lia^ liecn Iraii'^fcrrLd In scnne other church; 
<.iily a faithful few reiiiainm.i; to j^i\e the chiireh "a name to hve," 

Tlie I'lhiora .Melhoch-^t rhurcli i'- the ^lo^t prosperous one of the ileiioiii- 
ination out-^iile ol W'a-liin^ton. 'I'hc)- ha\e a line new hruk rlinreh, ctjsl- 
in,i;- twelve thousand dollars ; a parsonaije costin;;' .me ihousaiul dollars, and 
a irenihersJu'p of hundred and fifty. 'IlieN ha\e a lar-e Sunda\- sciir.ul 
enrojlnu-nt, an actue l'']i\\ortli l.ea;.^ue, and are well ecpn'pped in e\er\- way 
fi r aL;L;i'essi\e wdrk. 

The Oilon .Melhiulist clinreh was organized in 1N3S. It has a ci nu- 
lorlal.le Iranie hnildin.L; and an active nu nil ici-shi]i of iliree liundreil. 

lIKSr Cllia.-^l IAN CM OKI- 11 o|.- WASH 1X1; TON. 

In Septeinliei", iNCq, a call wa^ ^ent out owr the coniniunitx', asking' 
that c\er\' person who at an\- time had hecn iilcntilied with the religious 
movement known in histor\ as the Uelormatiou .\lo\ Liuenl. to meet mii a 
I'eitain da\ to dexise means lor the ori;aiiization and estahlishmeiit of a 
coni^re^atioii advocating that laitli in this commiinitv. Ahout fi.irtv ]ier- 
soiis responded to liiat call, hut onlv thirteen had the courage to face the 
hitter stniLji^les thai were to con I rout them in the estahlishmeiit ot such a 
cont^res^ation. Hut thesv thirteen, like the people oi the thirteen orii;inal 
Colonies, heliewcl in the mission thev were called to Inlfill: and the\' went 
forth as true disci])les consecrated to the service ( d' the Master. 'J'he fol- 
lowing; are the ori,i;inal charter memliers, and no list ol names would he a 
fair re]iresentation of the people to he honored l>v this community if these 
were omitted in the record ol county hist.ory: 

Air. and Mrs. lames Ra^sdale, .\lr. and Mrs. Xelsoii ( iinnin^hani, Mrs. 
ilannah S. ddiomas, .Miss .Mattie 'Ihomas. Mr. ;md .Mrs. Thomas Joik-s, 
Mr, an,l .Mrs. Miu i,l .McDon.dd Wilson. .Mrs. l.;i\cock, David Xixon and 
( ;eor,u;e Waller. ()f these thirteen ori,i;inal memiiers, Mrs. Xelson ("tin- 
ninj^ham ;md Mi-s M.attie Ihomas are the onl\ two now li\-inL;'. 

l'"or one year this little coiii^re^.ition met regularly for worship, in a 
little din,L;\- room in the old court lioiisc, always with a faith ami conlldence, somehow, ( iod would them to a solution of the |)rohleni of se- 
curing,'" a |)lace of worship that w<iiild he snitahle and invitini; to those whom 
they souL;ht as memliers of their little li.and. .\t the end of the first year 
the o[)portnnitv came to purchase the little lirick church on Sixth ;md llefron 
streets. Here they conliiuied to worslii]i until iSi^j, all the time tiTowin.t,' 
in faith and miinhers. .\moni;' those who were added to the roll of mem- 

li.\\li:SS l(il \ \\. INDIAXA. 

1 89 

liLT.sln'i), (Uiriiij; the carl\ \i.;ir^ ni the chunh hi^lnrx-, wcri" ni;iii\- wlmse 
names shuuKl lia\e an ei|nal phiie dl hnnni- with llie oriijinal thirteen, lie- 
cause tlie\' ci intriliiUed a lull >hare <it the l"il and strnt;L;le inciileiil t'^ the 
eslahh'shinent mI the chni'ch. Space Iniind^ the nienlidu nf all these names 
here, hut they ^hduld he niserihid m hronze npuii the walls dl' the church 
and wruieii updii the tahlets dl menidr) , as a te^tiiUdnial (d tiieir service 
in makniL; this CdnL;reL;alidii what il i^ tdda}-. 

Re\'. jdlm Malhes was the lir^t re,i;nlar ])astdr dl" the c<m,L;re!^atidn. 
1 iidUi;h hi•^ service \\a-^ duK' Idr hall tmie, hi> Wdi'k will e\er stand a^ a 
nidnument td him, as well as td the little lldcU that stdml sd udhlx li\- him. 
Td l)a\id Ili.XdU, the lirst eldei' <if the CdULjre^atidn. must he a^crihed 
much dl' till' credit for the sncce--s df the cause. h'ahhful in rain or sun, 
and uniler all circtuustances, he met with his ped|ile, ad\'ised, Cdunscled, 
pra\ed and idiled until the m.-iw d,i\' dl his death. The nieiUdr}- of Daxid 
lli-Xdii is held in sacred rexerence h\' tins CdnL;rei;atidn. 

l-'rdUi the \er\ first ihe CdU^jrei^atidU lias heen served h\' siMue wliose 
names have hecdim,' pruminent in histdrw mau\' dl these names henii; liniise- 
hdhl Wdiils .-nudUL; the men dl' their faith. . Xmoiii.; these are the Idlldwinj^: 
Uew ( h.iides Udherlsdii. w hd serwcl ;is pastdr I'df twd years; l\e\. lleiiry 
I'ritchert, w hd -er\id three years; l<e\. jacdh W'li-lu. due \ear: l\e\. J. 1.. 
(irirfin, tWd \ears; ke\-. J. C . Ildlldwa\, three \eais; Uex. 11. (_'. !^heriii;in, 
dUe \ear: l\e\ . Ildlldwa\' was aL;ain called Id ihe |)astdrate and serx'ed 
aiidther \ear, fdlldwed h\ l\e\\ I'eter j. Martin, whd ser\ed fdr tWd years. 

Ill |S,S7 the Cdn.L;re,L;atidn h.ail ,L;rdWii strdUt;' eunui^h Id sii]ipdrt a iiastor 
I'dr full tune, and Rev. ( icdri^e (1. .\lfdrd w;is called td the i)astc)rale that 
_\ear. lie serxcd fdur \ears, ildin- splendid Wdik diirm;.; his entire luisturate. 
In iNijJ he was fdlldwed h\' lse\ . A. 1'.. ( 'nnniiiL^ham, who sdi.n hec.ame doe 
df the hestdd\ed men wlm e\cr preached in W ashin,iL;tdn, ke\. W. I'. 
W aldreii fdlldwed .Mr ( umiini;ham. served as p;i-ldr fur six mdiiths, and 
Uev. ( ". W. I'.rickert next in succcssidii It was during' the hitler's 
jiastdrate llial the churchdmildinu; prdject came In he CdUsidered si.-ridii>ly, 
lor the little hriek church ha«l kni^ since hecume inade(|n;ile Id meet the 
.l^rdwiuL; needs df the I '.ihle-schddl .and Cdiij^ret^'.atidU. 

Accdrdm^h a hmldin.i; cduimitlee was a]ipdiiited td Iddk intd the matter 
of a hetter locatidii an<l als-i the matter df a new church lunldiuL;. ( >n that 
Cdmmiltee were llii-h Ikarr, \\. I.. Ilatlield. T. I). Slini]i, ( '. I'.. .Matt ius^lv 
aii<l James II. W'ilsdn. .\fter sdiiie CdUsideral inn df x.aridus IdcatidHs and 
]ilaiis, the ])resent Idcatidii was decided npdii, lln^h Ikirr in.akiiiL; the propdsi- 
tidii that he Wduld -i\e li\e thdusainl ddllars td the enter]irise. the Cdiii^re- 



L;ation to raise the rest. Mr. Iiarr aftiTwanl ga\e an ailditimial five liundrcd 
dollars on the day of dedicatidii. The lot the eoiiL;rej;ation three thou- 
sand dollars. The coniniittee aceepted the huildini^ plans submitted by 
W. S. K'aufnian, of Kichiuond, Indiana, and awarded the contract for its 
construction to J. [<\ llrown cK: I'.rollier, of this citw The contract calletl 
tor a ten-thonsand-doilar building-, but when it was completed such chan,!u;es 
had been made that the total cost had been increased to sixteen thousand 
dollars. The buildiuL;- was dedicated on l'\-bruary 21, l^\)/. and contiiuied to 
he the home id' the conL;re,L;ation until January 6, 1911, when it was coin- 
])lctely destroyed h\' lire. l"".\'ery jjiece of turniiure, pipe-orL;an, hymn bcjoks, 
tables and dishes, were com])letel\- deslro\'ed. 

I'ndauiUed b_\' their mi'-lortune, the coni..; reseat ion met and dcciclrd to 
rebuild, .\ budding' committee was appointeil. consistiui; of M . S. ] lastings, 
T. I). Slimp, I'.lkan.nh .\llen, Cleor^e J. Keith, I'. .\. Il;istin.-s and Lester 
Koutt. The bnildin,^ was completed ;md formally dedicated on May IQ, 
11)12, lion. M. S. llastiuLis, of the huildin^- cnunnittee, deli\crini; the dedi- 
cator\ address. This church huildiiiL;" is one ol the most beautiful in archi- 
tectural deMi.;u. the most complete in miidern e(|uipiuent. that could be desireil. 
The con.^rei^ation, after all their slrm^i.;les, now h;i\-e a home of \\hich they 
ma\' he justh' prouil. With a membei'ship of more than nwc thousand, the 
cout^reg.ation exerts a wide and beneUcciU inlluencc. it supports the home 
wofk in the cil\' of \\'asliini;ton at :m expense (jI about thrt'c thousand dol- 
lars, amnialK', and ,!;i\es to missions .and charity about one ihousaud d(.illars, 

In .addition to those nruue<l, who ha\e serx'ed ,as [j.astrirs of this congre- 
gation, are the following: l\e\-. 1''.. (~). Tilhurn, Ci. W. 'Idiompson. Rev. 
!•:. .\. C'aiurell, Rev. J. V. IHoyd, Rev. II. W. l.aye, Uev. Kyle I'.rooks, Rev. 
]•',. 1'^. Das'idson. l\e\-. J. V>. (dcavcr. and Rev. j. \\\ I)arli\-, the hitter's service 
begiiming on January i. Kit 2. 

iiKsr i!.\i'ii.s-i' nifucu oi^- w'.\sniNr,TON. 

'idle First liajitist churidi, of Washington, was organized on bTTruary 
4, 1S40. ddie meeting for the organi/.atiou id" this congregation was IilTI 
in the 1 'resb\ teriau chinch, the litlle organization hand heiiig composed of 
]\e\s. William Reese and John (iraham and four members from the V'eale 
('reek church. Rev. William Reese was choseu moderator of this nieeling 
and James Johnston, clerk, .\rlicles of failli were adopted and the follow- 
ing persons suhscrihed to the same; William St.ansil, L'elia .St.ausil, W. ("r. 



Ciile, Mar Li a ret ('olc, RfaMni \\'. I'.raiul, I'raiiccs llraii-l, Mary S. I'lapp, 
l-ouisa McDDUald an<l luinice W. I'ackanl. The new churdi was named 
the W'ashinglnn liaptist eliureh and I'dder William Slansil was eluisen pas- 
tnr. Mr, Stansil ennlinued as jjastur of the eliureh for a |ieri(id of ten 
years. A writer sa\-.> : "lie was a stmng man ph\'sicall\' ; a line \iiice; a deep 
thinker: he was nnedneated. except the teachini^' uf the three R's hy iiis 
A\ife, after the_\- were married." 

Amoni;" the nlher pa'^lllrs of the cliurch were: Revs. 'i. W. Ilarpole, 
J.ihn (iraham. 1!. R. .Vrn^ld. Hamilton Ruhh, T. X. Rnhin^on, J. R. Rhilips, 
T. R. I'almer, R. .M. I'arks, I lillnry Head, W. R. \'.n>Un\. E. R. Rierce, 
William McXntt, ( harles R. ( iarten and J. l'>. theirs. Rev. I'almer was 
a printer as well as a preticher, and, associated with Stephen Reldint:^, 
f. luniled the Ihirirss Coiinly Ih-iiKhrat. in iX(i7. 

During; the earl\ lns|(ir\' of the cluirch the meetin;^-, were hel<l in pri- 
vate Imnses, in --chnnl houses and in the cimrl hou-'C. ll was nut vmtil 
April, i''^5i), that defmite steps were taken tu luiild a Imu^e uf wiir>hii). .\ 
contract was made with lohn Richards to erect a Innldin^-, at a d ist i.l fmn- 
th.iUsand dnllai-s. dhis huildins^ w;is occupied in June. iS()r), tlinu,!;h not 
entirely coni])leted at that time. llowe\er, it is said, that aider their "twenty 
\ears w anderiiiL;'," w ( >rshippinL;' from jilace to place, the conj.; relation was 
happv to i;et into a home of their own. hrom this time dates the he^nniini,'- 
of the larger work of the congrei.;ation. 

Under the inllnence of energetic and elhcient nn'nislry, the con,<iTega- 
tion liad a steadv growth for many years, ddiere was a large increase in the 
niemhersliip. including nian\ peojile of wealth and inlUience. The old church 
had heen enlarged and remodeled from time to time to meet the reipiire- 
meuts of the increased nieinhership, hut the tune came when a huilding of 
larger ca])acity was re(|ihred to accommodate the congregation, ddie (|ues- 
tiou of the erection of a Larger tunldmg suitahle to their nec<ls, with modern 
a|ipoiuImem>, hcgan to he agitate. 1 ahoiu u|Oj. l.i]ier;il .sulisfiiptions fcjr 
this pnrjjose were readiK' ohtaincd and the matter took dehnite shape hy 
the employment of .Architect Ostcrhagc, of X'incennes, to make ])lans for 
the <lesired huilding. ddie |ilans were accei)tcd and a contract was made 
with Ratlerson \' Reister. of Washmgton, for the construction work, dhe 
work was completed and the huilding formally de.licated on .Sund.ay, May _:;, 
1<)I4. d he new churcli is modern in every particular. In the architectural 
design the huilding is faultless, while the interior finish and conyciheiice of 
appointments lease nothing t<i he desired. It i.s one i>\ the most heautifnl 
and attractive puhlic huiltlings in the city. 


n.w ii;ss ctirN TV. ixiuaxa. 

i:i. niA.w ciiins'iiAN iiiriuu. 

'I'he I'lcihaii) ( liri^iian clinrch \\a^ i n^i^anizcd mi tlic llr>l Siinila\- in 
jiiiK-, jS^ii. with tlic fiilldw iiii^ (.iiaiUT iik'IiiIht^; Jnlm lJa\is, ( '/(.•nri^e AIiT- 
,L;an. Ikii ianuii l'ii/.m,Talil, William I'ailli, l)a\ id M. Ilixdii and Sarah 
I'lin^ard. '] la- early hist.ny of ihc rinircli i-- iiui iiii]i1l'Il- an<l it i> nut pus- 
silile til i;ct an acciiiali.- .stalrnient mI niaii\- intcru^tinL; inridcnts ci niCfrninL; 
its early ycar,s. It i^ knnwn ihat l)a\iil M. Ilixnn wa^- une cif the three llrsl 
eldei> III the ci uii^rei^alii Hi, lull it i^ iiiu\rtaiii as tn the iiaiiie'- i>\ the other 
U\ii. Sniiie time alter the i.r;;aiiizatii m of this ehiireh, Mr. llixmi nuAed to 
\\'as|iini;tnii and was one n I' the charter meniliers nf ihe (, hrist iaii eluirch 
ill that |ilaee. 

llethany (hrisiian cliureh nia\- elaim the distiiictii m nl heiii^ tlie mniher 
cduireh <>[ the (hrisiian deiii uniiiatii ui in l)a\'iess cmuiiI \ . When ISethaiu- 
was iir,L;ani/ed, the nearest d )ii,L;re^al ii ui m I' (hat lailli was .-^limit I'urtv 
miles dislanl. i in the hanks nf While rner, in Lawrence cmiiily. Since the 
(;r.i.;anizatiMii cii r.uhany. si.melliin^ near IweKe hundred and si\i\- names 
lia\e heen ennilled as memhers nf the ci inj;re;;al i< m. In tlii- list are t'nund 
llie names nl men and wi'inen whn were pruminent in the earh relii^inns his- 
ti-ry of r)a\ less countw aiiiPwhu coiiirilmted larL^ely to the earl\- dexelop- 
merit of the county. The founders of tins church were ]ieo|ile of small 
means and it was some time hefore the little congregation was alile to 
provide a house in which to hold seiAices. hUr ahout iwel\e \ears after 
(ii;i.;anizalioii tlu- faithful hand held re,L;nlar ser\ices in the homes of the 
memhers, mam I esiinL;- a commeiidahle zeal .and de\dtion in the cause of 
the .Master, hi |S|_' their niimliers had increased ami conditions were .such 
that they were ahle to Inhld a niodesi little frame house of worship. This 
was huilt on a tr.icl of t;roiind donated li\- ;i .Mrs. Uoderick. d'liis house 
sciAcd ihcm as a pi. ice o| woishiii lor o\er loit\ xcar^. hi i NSS the prcseiii 
hrick huildiuL; was erected. l)iu'iiiL; its hislor\' this corii;reL;alion has had 
the service of some of the ahlest iniiiisters in the denomination, amonf;' wimni 
the lollowa'iiL;' ha\e ser\ed as pastors in later years: 

John Mathis, James .Mathis, .\'o\es, Dan (.'ollms, 1S7S to iNSiv, 

William KrulsiiiL^er, iSSi to 1 SS7 ; I".. ( i. l)eiiii\, 1 SSN p. iSSij; II. 1 [. 
y\damson, i,S(;5 to hkio; I!. !.. Martin, HjOi to HfO-i; W. M. I)a\is. nxu 
to i<;04; Shannon llaker, i<;()7 to kkiN; I'A'erelt Stivers, niMi; U. W. 
Alex.ander, njlt to 11)15; J. 11. .Moore, the ]iresent ]iaslor. .\ iioiahle e\ent 
in 1N31) was a \isit made to this church li\' \le\;inder I'ampliell and I'.ar- 
ton W. Stone. .Ministers ordained hy this church: Joseph .\. .\liii-ra\-, .May 


14, iiS05; llrucc W. ImcKIs, Diininit Jarvis, George W. llarpold, Xatlianiel 
I'eachee, Cornelius lUirke, dates not known. 

Tlie following- have .served as elders: David llixon, Ge(jrge T. Hays, 
A. T. r.anta, 'Jlionias Cunningham, William 11. .\llison, Mlmer Grow and 
James Williams. The present officers are: I'.lders, W. II. Allison, \V. H. 
Clarke, 1. A. Uailey, Thomas J. Hays and Lew Harris; deacons, Joseph 
A'leads, W. G. I'.anla and \V. .\. Jlunler; trustee, T. J. Hays, Jo.seph Will- 
iams, -Mort Hillings, W. H. Allison and Lew Harris. 

The present memhershi]) is ahoul one luuulred and sevent\--live. The 
congregation also maintains a well-regulated cemetery. 


The I'lainville Christian cluu-ch was reorganized in 18X8, hy Lvangelist 
Earrows and Rev. I'.d .McCornnck. There were about fifty original members, 
anicjug whom were the following; S. 11. IJyer, James Wiltsnian, |ohn G. 
Littlell, (). 11. McLiltrick, Mrs. Lon i\lcKittrick, I'arnetta Rankin, Mary 
Killian, k;msom Law. Ann Hcnnington, Lachel Williams, .Alice Cr(jslev, 
Paul Golhher, W. O. Litlell, T. ]•:. Litiell, L. F. Corlett, D. U. Burks, Mar- 
garet Cox, Lucy Marlatt, Lafayette Alarkatt, Lizzie (JAIahey, Gallatin hjig- 
kuid, I^inda luigland, Alice Crosby. 

The first evangelist to hold a meeting was A. L. Crim, of Clark county, 
Luliana. /\t this series of meetings more [lersons were received into fel- 
lowshi[) than were received b\' any other of the ministers who have held 
such meetings there. 

The house in which the congregation worships was built in iSyj, 
and was dedicated in thai year, by Rev, 1.. L. C';irpciiter. It has servetl 
the purpMSf fur which it was erected since tluit lune, but it will soon ha\e 
to Ik- icpl.iccd li_\ ,1 new church oi kirgc capacin. on account of the lu- 
kirgcd meuibrrship. .V nice lui 111 the eenlr:d p:irt of Ihe town has been 
selecle<l as :l location lor the new church building, and ])lans for its erection 
are being considered. 

.Ministers ;ind e\:uigelists who h;i\e ser\-ed this church since its or- 
ganizati.'u: .S. II. I )yer. ,\. L. Crim, I'M .\lcCorniick, !■'. T. I'orler, G. I'. 
Crawford. W. Al. fkird, Rev. J. T..inluisou, '['. \auce. Wit Littell, G. Al. 
Shutis, (,. Halleck R^we, .\. W. Cnibb, R. W. .Mexander. Ciiarles H. 
linclKinan, llie lallei' lKi\ing ser\ ed longer than ;ui\ other minisler, except 
l'd<ler 1 )yer. l\e\-. (Tiris N'uell is llie present pastor, 


llie ])resont iiieml.iershiii of tlie church is two Innulred and twenty. 
(Jliarlcs Dyer is superintendent oi tiie Sunday school, wliich has an en- 
rollment of (_ine hundred and twenty-five, and an a\'era,^e attendance of 
one hundred. The other church auxiliary societies are the Young People's 
.Society of Christian Endea\(n-, tlie Ladies' .\id Society, and the Woman's 
Christian Temperance Union. 


The Chri>tian church of ( )don was estahli^hed in iH~,J, and was re- 
.f)rganized bv \\'a\'ne Alford in iSjo. The first place ol \\or>hip was in a 
school house. In 1S53 a cliurch liuildini; was erected which served the con- 
L;re,L;ation until iSc^j, when the pi'eseiit huilihnt;- was erected, at a cost of 
three thousaml dollars. This church was dedicated in iSo-', \>y Dr. L. L. 
Car|)enter. The |jreseut mcmhership ol the church is three hundred; Sunday 
school enrollment, three hundred and ei.yht. The cont^rei^ation has an active 
(Christian h'.ndeaxor Society, as an auxiliary in churcli work, ;uid the church 
is out of tleht. 

Tlie governin.a^ board of the church is composed of nine elders and 
fifteen deacons. The present ofiicers are: C. L. Mount, president of the 
board; A. A. Lane, treasurer: C. .\. Lickett, .secretary. Joe Callahan is 
su])erintendent of the Sunday school; I'aul Sears, president of the Christian 
f'Jideavor .Society. 

'file following have served as past<irs of the congregation: Jolin ^.fathis, 
Thomas Littell, M. Cummings, William Littell, Charles R. Scoville, J. S. 
Denny, C. IL I'.uchanan, II. .\. '1 urney, W. B. Morris, C. AL Day, and A. 
C. Trusty, the present pastor. 

riuc ono.v rNiTi:!) iu;i:riiKi:N ciifKCii. 

The Odoii Uniteil Brethren church was organized by Rev. Joseph 
Stubblefield, during the conference year of 1862-63. 'fhe first churcii build- 
ing was begun during the pastorate of Rev. John Granger, in the year 1868. 
The church was dedicated 011 May 28, 187O; during the ])astorate of Rev. 
Ephriain Thomas, by Bishop Jonathan Weaver. 

The present building, a beautiful brick edifice, standing among large 
maple trees, on one of the finest locations in Odon, was erected in 1904, 
while Dr. J. T. Llobson was pastor. It was completed and dedicated, .\pril 
30, 1905, by Dr. C. ]\I. llrooke. Rev. S. Z. Todd being the pastor at tliat 


time. The Ladies' Aid Society completed the liasement of the church, at a 
cost of about tin-ee lumdred dollars. This church is one of the best-organized 
churches in the county. While the memhershi|) is not the largest, it com- 
prises a hand of active and devoted workers in the cause of the ^faster. 

The lollowiuL,' are the names of those who have served as pastors of 
this church since its orijauization : 

Josejih Stubhletield, 18(12-6:;; William Wheeler, 1S63-64; Z. 1',. bdk-e, 
\'S64-(>h: John ( 'iraui^er, 18(16-69; blphriam Thomas, i86()-7i ; Thomas But- 
ler, 1872-7;^ ; 1. K. Ilaskins, 1873-75; J. D. Current, 1873-77; ^I- C. Funk- 
houser, \^77-jX: J. Riley, i878-7(); W. .\. Richardson, 1879-82; D. Ar- 
baugh and A. Myers, 1882-83; I), .\rbaugii, 1883-84; John Rreden, 1884-87; 
W. J. Johnson. 1887-88; A. 1;. (■.)ndo, 1888 to June, 1890; A. C. Scott, 
June. i8()o, to September, i8()o; A. W. .\rford, 181)0-91; .\. C". Sc(jtt, 
1891-92: L. 1.. Sc]io,,nover. 1802-03; J. .\. I'.ell, i8(j3-96; II. W. Lash- 
brook, i8()6-<;7: A. W. .\rfonl. 1807-98; J. < '. .Mills, 1898-1900; J. T. Ilob- 
son, 1900-01; J. \V. Gilley, i()0i-03; J. T. 1 lobson, 1903-04; L. T. Todd, 
1904-05; W. \i. Snyder, 1905-09; I). 1". .Mcl'oy, i90()-ii; L. L. Schoonover, 
1911-12; T. A. fiarriott, 1912-14; Y). V. McCoy, 1914-15. 

(WTiioiJC chukches in d.wii-:ss coi/nty. 

Jt is, ])erlia])s, idle today to go back earlier than 1819 to hud any Catho- 
lics in Daviess countw True, ])riests and bishops passed through, en route 
from Louisville and N'incennes and back, but to dwell on these would be no 
uKjre fruitful of satisfactory results than to claim that a certain old converted 
Indian chiel, who was camped with hi.-, tribe on the bank of White river 
about 17'.;5, and wlu.i used to attend mass at \'iuceiines, was the tirst Catho- 
lic in the county. To lea\e the merely hypothetical and come tlown to the 
aulliculic, and not lo luii'iow the honors too much, the .Murplns and the 
Spinks at Washingt<jn, and the Alontgoinerys at i^lack Oak ividge, were the' 
first Catholic settlers in Daviess countv. 

The tirst church in cither count)- was the rude log cme put u|) at Black 
Oak Ridge; the second was the log one at St. Mary's; the third was at St. 
Simon's. Washington; the fourth at St. Rose, Mt. I'leasant; the fifth, St. 
Patrick, at filencoe; the si.xth, the one at Miles settlement; the seventh, St. 
Patrick's, at the present site; the eiglilh, .St. John's at I.oogootee ; the ninth, 
St. .Martin's, at ilaw Creek; the lenlh, St. Louis, at Shoals; the twelfth, 
.St. Josei)h's; the thirteenth, St. Mich.ael's. .Several churches were built at 
some of these ])oints, for instance, four at .St. I'eter's, two at St. Simon's, 



four al St. Mary's and two al Li » i,!4< 'otce. Three nt the ahove, thnse at 
Alt. rieasant, Miles's seltlenieiil aiiil Cileiicne, have l)eeii ahandcjueil fur other 
sites, the last named only ])artial!y, however, so we have at present ten 
parishes proper — four in Martin and .six in Daviess county. The great ma- 
jority of the Catholic i)o|iulation are those who came Irom Kentuck)- or 
Ireland. The tiermans stand next as to muiiher, though the)' are quite 
modern as to date of settlement. There are and have lieen a few ITench 
families; a few other fanulies came direct from .Maryland and a fc\\ from 
North Larolin.a, d~ennessec. I'enusv 1\ ania and ( )hio. The first settlers were 
attracted to these covnuies Ijecause of the rich land for sale at a very low 
price. This "land craze," as it ma\ he called, ga\e rise entire!}' to St. 
Joseph'>, St. I'eter's and .St. MaryV ]>arishcs and largely to that of 'Sli. 
Pleasant. The W.ahash & i'Tie canal gave rise to St. I'atrick's parish, and 
added materially to St. Simon'>, Si. I'eter's and Si. .Mary's. The Ohio & 
Mississipjii railroad gave rise to St. John's at l.(jogootee and addeil to all 
convenient tcj its line. The opening of the coal mine^ al Washington, Can- 
nelhurg ami Montgi.nncry added manv new nasno to the h^^t.^ of Si. Simon's 
and St. I'eter's, heneliting the former nnich more suhstantially than the lat- 
ter, and largely g,i\e rise to the church of the Imm.acnlale C'onception. 
The piking of the state road from .\'cw .\lhanv to \inccnnes, which work 
WTLS never lini^hed, heneliled chiellv the Ml. I'leasanl or ]iresent llaw (.'reek 
pari.--h. The last, and al^o nio^t imimiiaul, inllux ol «,';ithi ilics was occasioned 
hy the concentration of ihe iSallimore ^: ( )hio .Southwestern Ivailroad shops 
at Washington, Indiana. 


St. Marv's, Daviess counlv, located in liarr lovvn-^hip, was visited in 
iSjS 1)v ihe Kcv. Simon I', l.alumiere, vvhn celchratcd ihc august mvslcries 
in die house of Xathanicl .Spalding, d he house >lill c\i>ls and i> pointe<l 
ciut lo the siranger as the heginning td St. Alarv's. Divine services con- 
tinued to he held al thi^ hou^e for ahont live years. I'.isho]) Ihaite writes: 
".\ few davs after (.X'oveinhcr (>. iN.vD I went with the Kcverend Mr. 
l.alumiere who vi-ilcd hi-. Iwd mi^^MUs — first St. I'eler's and llieii lo St. 
Marv's. The la--t was uni i|uilc cninpKleil and 1 was re'|ne>led lo name it. 
It was a great lia]jpiiK>s to me to pul the first church which I was callc 1 
upon lo hless in mv new diocese, under the palr>inage of ihe Idessed Ahnher 
of (iod, so I named it Si. ,\l;iry'v, and proiui-ed to reliirn again in two weeks 
and IjIcss it when it was linishcd." 



The Kc\'freiiil AI. ile St. I'alai^ was a]>|)(iiiik-il llic first rcMileiU ]iastor 
of .St. Mar\'s, ami reiiiaiiu'(l Ironi iS,V. t''^' ><-'ai- nf liis arrival in this 
coiHitr\-, until 1N39, w Ikmi Ik- was rcnidv^il to (.'liica,L;i). Tlif log church 
hcci/niin,".; ti 10 small tor the ci aiL;icL;ati( m, l'"alhcr dc St. Palais huill a new 

The Ue\'. jiijin riueriiuen hccauie the second jiastur, anil had chari^e 
(if St. .Marx's and ihe nei,L;hlHirin^ nhssions until 1S4S. when he was suc- 
ceeded 1>\' the l\e\'. 1'. j. R. Miu'iihy. h'ather .Murphs- had charge also of 
Ml. I'leasant, an<l huilt a church ihere. The town and chtn'cli are now lioth 
extinct. Ilisho]) Maget. acci luipanied Ii\- h'ather Aliell, in .\ugust, l8_'3, 
ccmlinned lhirt\'-fi mr persdus at .\lt. I'leasant; in iSji) l!isho|) h'laget again 
\ isited the place, and lnund ahoul liirt\- ("athnlic families there. 

The l\e\-. Jnhn Alongin I'esided at St, Mary's from 1.S5S to tSfio. when 
he huilt a church at l.oogocjtee. .ind residcil ihere luuil iNdfi, \isiting St. 
Mary's from l.oogootee. Rexx'rend J. Lalilanc was pa^loi- of .St. .Mar\-'s, 
re^iding at St. Mar_\'s, until l-"eliru,ary, 1N7:;, allending al>o Miles's settle- 
ment, eight nnles I roui .St. Mar\'s. I'or si\ month> St. .Mail's was then 
attended allernatel)' hy the ]iastors of St. I'eter's and of l.oog<iotee. The 
l\e\-. ( i. .M . <iinn--z came next, and was ]i;i^tor tiom .\'o\emlier, 187:;. until 
.Septemher, 1S73. The l\e\'. fohn W. llo\le succeided him and was the 
jiastor for three years. During the |iastorate of I'ather r)o\ le the fn-^t stc|is 
were taken lor the eretlion ot a new church, the one ,>o long occupied li;uing 
liecome too small lor the congreg.atiou. I'laus were made and the wnvk 
ol construction was hegun in 1N71), the church heing completed in the spring 
(d 18S1. This is the third church huilt hv .St. .Mar\''s congregation and is 
their present place n\ worshi]). 


One of the old record hooks ai .St. .Simon's contains the following 
names as heing those eonlirmed at .St. Patrick's hy l'.ish(jp de la 1 laikandiere 
on Xo\eniher j_|. 1845; James Ta\lor, Stephen T'ennington, .Michael De- 
laney, William k'ane, ( leorge .M.ijor, Jojni Delaney, John Ih-ewer and 
Tli(/nias .\gan. T.and was first secured ahoul 1837 at old St. Patrick's, or 
(Tencoe, as it was usuallv called, li\- i'ather I.alumiere, who hought eighty 
acres with the intention, it is saiil, of laving off and founding a town, to 
lie known as ( )'( 'ownelts\dlle, hut ihis project fell through and the land was 
soM. .Soon the pl.ace was .attemled from St. Peter's and in 1S40 the 
Reverend J. Delaune huilt the lir-t and only church, which was of logs. 


r).wii':ss COUNTY, Indiana. 

I'art of the land on wliich the chureh ^tan(ls was des-oted tn hiir\-ing puriioses 
t\ir those con\-enient to it and is l^imwii as the new eenieter\-, thungh the v\d 
cemetery was continued in use for tlie heiieht of the chislcr of famihes liv- 
ing in that localit\-. The present St. Patrick's church was liuilt in i860 hv 
Reverend 11. I'iers, who was then attending the parish from Mcjutgoniery. 
In 1S80 h'ather Do\'le resigned on account of ill health, and he was soon 
after succeeded hy the lve\-. (i. Al. (iinnsz, wUn showed C(.)nsidcrahle spirit 
in his efforts for the hetternient of the ]iarish and people. .\s one means 
to this end he organized St. Patrick's I'otal .\l)stinence Sociei\, with a niein- 
her.sliip of si.xty. This did much good for sohriet}'. charit\- and l)ene\-olence, 
anil is still in existence. In 188:; he made some impi'o\ements and added the 
finishing tonclies to the priest's house, which was Imilt hy h'ather l)o\le. I'.ut 
his niosi important ami. of course, most ardnon-- \\(jrk was the huilding of 
the i.'hapel and school hou->e on the site of old St. Patrick's. lie hegan 
this work in .Vugust, 1887. ;ind compleied it in .\'o\emlier of the same \-ear. 
This linildmg i-- of Prick and conl.iin- I w o well- furnished schoolrooms, each 
tweniy-twii 1)\ twenly-eighi feet, and prettil) arranged chapel that con- 
tains iwenty-fiiur jiews. The cost \v;is four thousaml dollars and not 
a cent of deht remains on it. The chapel is used onl\ f' ir the celehratiou 
of mass when persons are hrought there for in the old hmwing 
gronml. The huilding is (|iiite a handsome and show)' cine and the pe^qile 
of that locality are prouil of it.. 

sr. I'ini.K's ciiL'K'Cii .\-r .\io.\roo.\iF.i;v. 

St. Peter's is the oldest parish in either Da\-iess or .Martin connt\', and 
was huilt ahout 1818, h\- ("atholics from l\enlucl<\-. a church-loving [leople, 
who had not heen here long hefore the_\' were sought out 1)\- h'athers Blanc 
aiul ( 'hamponier, of \ inccimes. The first settlers were the Moiugumerws, 
the kiclwells, and the i)aiils, .and it was at the house of .Mr. Montgomery 
that mass first said. \ er\- soe)n — ])erha])S in i8jc) — these men, imder 
the (lirection of h'ather Ulaiic, huilt a rude log church, scarcelv sixteen h\- 
twenty feet. WIk-ii h'ather Plane was recalled to Xew Orleans in i8_>o, 
he was succeeded in his visilaticJUs li\ ke\erend Cham]>iouer, who \isited 
the place moiithl)- for ahout two years. Ife was succeeded hy Ue\erend 
Palnmiere, who \isited the settlement from \ iuceunes for a time, and 
afterward hecame its first I'esidcnl jiaslor. lie is credited, as earl\' as 
iNj;;, with huilding a hewed-log church. twent\-four he lliirt\- feet, and a 



frame one, f(irt\' In- sixty feet, wliich was ediiipleted in 1SJ7, and blessed 
by Bishop I'das^et in 1 SjQ, assi>ted li)' the _\()un,L; l'"ather Aljel, un which 
occasion forl\'-seveu persdus were cunlirnied. The third church was of 
brick. I'art ot" these bricks were intended for collej^e buiklings, but, witli 
tlie renio\al (jI ij'ather Sorin to llie northern part of llie state, these bniIdin,L;s 
were kist siL;hl ot. The church was Iniilt 1)\- krench car]K-nters from \'in- 
ceiines under the direction ot UiLjht l\e\'erend Ihshop ck' La IJaihuiihere, and 
k'ather l)ncou(hay, who was kitcr its pastor. It is said by some that tliese 
cariienlers were bre)U,L;ht o\ er c>]ieciall\' to (k) the lii>hop's work. Certain 
it i^, thai much ol their work was \er\' fauU\ and this church (kd not kisl 
kiUt;'. ( )ue ot (he subscrijitions kiler ou was tor strengthening' its walls, to 
render it .^ale. kins was soon alter I'alher I'iers look charge in 1N47, and 
it conk! not ha\e been built lou-er tlian kue _\ears, ;is k'ather Sorin left in 
1H42. It wa-^ Iheii decided lo erect a new liinrch, and lo exchange the old 
site to the proposed site, .M outL^oinerx , 'I he church \\a> completed in iHCx), 
at a cost of eight thousand dollars, a greal part o|' ihe wurk beiriL; done b\ 
the pari.shioiiers, k'alhei- I'ler- had all ihe features of the bnikling planned 
bebire he the work, and (;ir\ed out with a pen knife a perfect model 
ol the Coiitemplaled striiclure. Tlu' cliurcll was blessed on Jul\- I S, 1X^13, 
and August karrell .uid Sarah lle;de\ were the first coii|)le mariaed in it. 
'I'he sub-laiilial iwo-slory frame school building k'allier I'iers |)iii up soon 
after, and m 1 SS3 the present scIio(j| building was C(.impleted. Ihe bell- 
tower and stee])le were put on the church in 1NS7, and a line new liell was 
purchased. John l!\rue taught liei'c, or in tlu' ])arish, dm'ing war-times, and 
lelt behind him some creditable work in the w'a\- of well-trained minds- 
several ol his pupils subse(|uenll\' ligurmg coiispicuousK in the affairs of 
l)a\iess count)'. .Miss ISyrne, a niece id' k'atlier I'iers, also conducted the 
school creditably a number of vears. and aflerward iM'ank Walker, 'khe 
scho. :1 is III it now malnlained, 

file siicccssii III ol I'lei'g) , as ^k ,iiied troin records and traditions, is as 
follows, with no uncerlaiiity, unless ;is to exacliiess ol two or three dates: 
Re\'. .X'apoleou I'.lanc, previous to iSjci; l\e\. .M . ( hampioner, iS_'o to the 
time when l\e\'. S. I', i.alumiere look charge, and remained until 18^7; 
l\c\-. M. de Si. I'alais until iS,VJ: l^ev. J. Delaune until 1S41; Reveren\l 
firanedir only iransicntl)' : Ke\. k.. Sorin until 1X43; Kexereuds ('h;irtier. 
(."ourjault, krancois i'arret, tr.'insiently during 1X4^;. after the de]i;iriure id" 
father .Sorin; feather Ducoudra)'. |X4_' (I'lid of year~l until 1X47; then 
l-alher li.'iilhol I'iers until 1X05. when father I'. Row.'ui took charge. 



In connectiiin with Uevercml I'"atlier S(jrin's ^t:iy in this parish the 
followini^' will lie nf interest: In An.^nst, i88S, on the uccasiun oi tlie 
celehratKin (jf l'"ather' Surin's jnhilee, at Nntre Danie, Jnhii Jlruen and a 
Mr. Kelley were the only unes present fnjni the Incality of .St. Peter's. 
During their stay .Mr. iireen, in a con\ersalion with l'~ather Sorin, referred 
to the tradition anionic the people here as to his intending' t') fonnd a col- 
lege at St. I'eler's, and lie told this inciitent of his stav here: 

■'\'es; 1, with some of the hrolliers, was teuiporaril)' at .St. I'eter's. We 
were npon \er\- close rations, too. t^ne da\- a neighhor named ila\es came 
to see me and asked how 1 was. I tnld liim that I was not feeling well; tliat 
I hail not had an\ thing for dinner that day. lie at once re(|nested me to 
send some ni the liioihers with him and he would see that 1 was not withont 
my dinner another da_\'. T did so, and soon \\ e had sexeral sacks of meal, 
meat, and oilier desirahle pro\-i^ions." 

( )n the same occasion lie related to .Mr. llreen the circumstances id' liis 
leaving the smuhern toi the northern part of the state as follows: 

■'Hi>hop lie la llailandiere sent for me and told me of the extensive 
land> near the lakes in the north, and offered them to nie on the condition 
that 1 would found a college there; I did not want to go. hut he insisted, .'ind 
])roffereil me liis horse to ride; I went, and the trip took me a week. I 
was ]ileased with the pl;ice and at once made arrangements to estahlish 
ourselves." One of the hrothers who left St. I'eter's with l-'ather Sorin, 
Brother X'incent, 1i\ed to he more than ninety-three years of age. 

In the sermon at the golden jnhilee of h'ather Sorin, at Notre Dame, 
in .\ugust, i888, Bishop Ireland s])oke of si.x hrothers who came with 
leather Sorin from France; 1841 as the year of his conn'ng and 1S4J as the 
year he lii'.-t set foot on the l>:iiiks of the .St. joe ri\er. I'his agrees with 
existing records and traditions, and the names of these six hrothers are well 
remembered by several. The following were named by Miss Lizzie O'Dell, 
who went to school to these brtjthers; .\nselm, Gashien, Joachim, Lawrence 
\ incent, Francis and ]\Iarien ; one, who was known as Brother Jose])h, was 
teacln'ng at St. Peter's when the above mentioned arrived, lie had been 
connected with the Trappist order of luirope. but could not endure the 
se\'erities of their rule and left. .About ten others joined them, but when 
they left for the north, these latter, who were voung men of the surrounding 
neighborhood, did not go along, not having taken their oblig.alions. W'lien 




s-r. SIMON'S rATMouir riiruni. wasi iixcn -x. 


they left St. I'elerV they hail the l:inil they were cm nearlx' all in wheat, 
having leased much ot it in order td ha\e it cleared. 'J'here were nu Sis- 
ters of tiie Holy Cross with h'ather Surin. 

h'ather Laknniere h;id introduced the .Sillers of Charity at an earlier 
date, hut they remained hut a short time; later I'ather I Hicoudra}- imJuced 
the Sisters to estahlish a. schnol here, i)ut they onl\- remained ahout three 

St. Peter's cemetery is the most historic of all the parochial Imrying 
grounds in Daviess counl\', because it contains the rcmams of early set- 
tlers from Lithcr pari-hes, or at lea^l many of them. 

With the hej^inning of h'ather Knwan's pastorale of .St. I'eter's parish 
marked impro\eiuents were projected and perfected, in clun-ch, school and 
l)ari>h. The ])rominent im|)ro\•ement^^ which were luaile during his pas- 
torate are the niierior dcd iralions, ihc cuxL-ring ol the church with a slate 
roof, and new oaken seats of .superioi' w orkiuan'-hi|). The parochial scho(jl, 
under the charge of the Sisters' of l'ro\idence, al>o was cstahlished. 'Jdie 
elegant hoiue of the ])rie>l, erected of hrick and sUme of the most UKidern 
st^ le of architeclure. with modern ci ou cnieuce'^, stands .idiacent lo the church 
on the north ^ide. Ihc whole .-minunl of inipi'oxeirient-- made hy h'ather 
I-iowan aggregale more than tweKe ihon^anil dohars m \alue. The \alne 
of Roman I 'alholic ])ropert\', in .Momgomer\-. and the appen<lix at Cannel- 
hurg, including the cpiarter-section ol coal lauil, one nnle west of the vil- 
lage, is estimated at lifty-fixe thousand dollars, which indicates a marxekius 
growth since its cstahlishment in iSi8. The parish is in a very healthy 
state, St. Peter's being the second oldest parish in the ^tate of Indian.a. 

ST. Simon's ciil'ucii at W'.\siii\u;ton. 

This parish is noted as one of the oldest, >trongest and wealthiest 
Catholic orgam/aliou-> m the ^tate. Tin-, mllnemial -^'cielx had its inception 
near the beginning of the centur\-, when, in the _\e;ir iSk;. a few (alholic 
families, who had settled in the \icinUy. were visited b\- llisho]) h'l.agel and 
united in a body for di\ine worship. 'I'he parish was .sjiarsc and scattered, 
and religious ser\ ices intermittent and irregular. Ten years later, in rSjq, 
the spiritual im])ulses of the scattered members of the Catholic society were 
accentuated and gix'en a new \igor by the \nsit of h'ather John .\bell, from 
the iliocese (if llradstown, Kentucky, now Louisville, who, in June of that 
_\ear, preached the jubilee in Washington. During this lime and unlil 1837 
the Catholics of this vicinity attended services at St. Peter's, at Aloiilgomery. 


In tliis latter year the society was placed under the s|iiritu;il control of 
Ke\-. Simon 1'. I.alunnere, ami the next year, i.S;yS, a house of worship was 
Iniilt. '1 his old cluu'di was in use for nearly half a century and was torn 
down aliout 1S95 ti> i^ive place for the present inai;nilicent church edihce 
at Washingluu. d'he earl_\- years of this church were years of struy\^le. 
In 1N40 twehe pews acct :inino(laled the worshipers. The growth of the 
church was slow, hut couslaiit, and was swelled _\ear l.iy \ear li\' the addition 
of new fanulies, until today the congregation of St. Simon's nuiuhers more 
than three hundred families, among wIimui are mau\- rejireseutatives of the 
wealth, culture and rermement ui the citw The church is not only \er\- 
strong linaiicially. hut is a power for gowd in the c< 'ininunit)-, exerting a 
great and cciuslantl) -increasing iulluciice in the sncielN' of that cil\. 

I'lillMwing laithlull)' in the fo(.iste[)S uf the pK.neer nussicjiiary, h'ather 
i.ahimierc, the lullowiiig pasturs ha\e ser\ed this ci lUgrcgatii lU : Ueverends 
.\nihuny I'.irroii, II. I )upi iiitav ice. Mel ).-nii. .H, I'. Ihlaud. |. 11. 
C has-e, JmIiu ( ,iicrgueii, ling.. I'e\lhieu, J..Imi W . n..\leau.| W . \. Upland. 

St. Simon's church is situated on the northwest corner of llefnni and 
Third -Streets, Us main lacade and entrance heing mi the f.jriner street. 
Xear the trout, .m I hird street, is a side entrance. In pmnl of architecture 
the edifice is a pleasing c. mihinatii ui nt the (iotliic and ihe C_ircle, the roof 
liaxiug the distinct lines ..t the loriner and the wiudi.w-. and ai'ches a graceful 
hkuding ..t the tw... c mslnicteil fri.m plans li\ Jame> i. |-.gau, of Chicago. 
The gri/und space ol the church is one hnudred an.l lhirt\- feel an. I four 
inches 1)\' rilt\-li\e lect .and ten inches. C )n the southeast corner is the 
ma^si\■e lower, with an elc\ation ol one hundred and lilteeii feet, surm.junted 
li\ a golden cr.iss. ( )n the east side is the \estry, eighteen liy lwenty-tw'.> 
feet, and on the west the clia])el . d' the IJIessed \'irgin Mary, eighteen hy 
thirt\-tour teel. Ihe sanctuary is twenl\-li\e li\ eighteen feet. The in- 
terior .it the chinch presents a uoMc .iml harm. .ni. .lis appearance, and the 
plan i^ siich ,is i.. create ilk' inipri.s>ion ol greater size th.iu a view of the would suggest. The lirsl appearance n]ion entering is one of 
nineli et'fecti\euess. and the e\e is charmed and suothed hy the imIiIc ])er- 
specli\e, which is lieauti fully strengthened and sofiene.l h\' the suhdued 
light from the magniliceut wimlows. The harmonious effect of these win- 
( is p;irtieul;irl\ sinking, creatmg al imce upmi the hell. Tier a leeling 
of ])roper rexeience l..r the h.iK' s]i..l. Ihe lirsi wiu.low^ 11. .liceahle. upMH 
entering the \esiihule are .ledicaled l.> .St. J.iseph and the I'.lessed \'irgin. ( )ii 
the right ^ide ..f the hall the first winil.iw is a gift i.f William M. Hayes; 
sccmd, mem. .rial ..f .Mrs, .\nna ( 'ahel : third, gift of James Mc.Mnllen; 
f.iurlh, gift of .Mice .Maher; fifth, gift of the Sodality of the I'.lessed N'irgin 



Mary; sixlh, gift uf Miss Alice I'o.stcr; sevcnlh, j^ii"! ul Mrs. Harriett 
Muri)hy; ei!j;iitli, ,L;ift nt Anna Ddnita Wells. Lii^htini; llie altar, and ren- 
dering especially conspicm ins the rear of the ehnrch, is a inagnilicent win- 
dow, seven liy si.Kteen feel, the gift of Kev. lingo I'eylhien, a former [lastor 
of St. Simon's. On the left, the windows are inscrihed as foll(j\vs: Jacoh, llngh .Melvernan. h'rnest A. Crossoii, .\llar Society, memorial to 
William McTegart, Sr. : memorial to William AlcTegart, Jr.; St. Simon's 
'i'otal .Vhslinence Society, William iSradw The tower \\ind(.)\\s were do- 
nated hy M V. llnrke. .\1 r.s. , Thomas Dean, Michael Doyle, Mollie Idynii, 
l\e\-. Thomas .Mcl.anghlin. Rew I'alricl^ Rower, Joseph IS. (iraliam and 
Rohert <. . (iiaham. ( )\er the principal entrance are twci large windows, 
memorials t(i the late James t'am]i]jell and ."sarah (/ampliell. halher Doyle 
lurnished the windows for the \estr\- and the chapel. 

Si. Simon's church coniains uue hundred and si\l\ |ii-ws and has a 
seating cajiacily ni sc\en hnnclred. 1 he hnilding was completed in iSS(; 
at a cost of twenty-li\e thousand dollars. The dedicator) ser\ices were 
presi<led o\cr h\- Ri-hop ( hatard and attended li\' cIci'l^v' from all parts'of 
the slate, and iiistnutue letters were dclneied li\' ( h.ancellor Deiiins 
( I'Di iiiaghne and others The owns coiisideralile v.alu.ihle propertv 
adiaceiit to tlie < hiirch, (.dmprising the pasim-'-, residence, the school 
and the school of the Sisters of 1 'ro\idence. 

sr. M.\i;\''s ciiL'KCii. 

St. .\lar\'s church (or ihe (ierman cluireh of the rnimacnlale C'once])- 
tioii), al W'ashingion, dates its formation fr(jin ahout the _\ear 1.S74. h'or 
se\er:il _\ears prior to that \ear it had heen exidenl that the ( Calho- 
lics of ihe town re(|uired a church hnilditig of thc-ir own. hut it w;is unt 
inilil ihe \ ii.imed that active steps were taken lor the erection of such an 
edilici'. l''oii\ I lerm.ui lamihes then lorined ihenisches into a congie- 
galion and raised a suitahle sirnctnre ol hrick. at a cost of thirteen ihonsand 
dollars. The erection hegan in the spring, and, although nnfmislied, was 
used for di\ine sersdces the lollowing Decemlier. In J.ainiary, iSy2, the 
congregation was full\' org.inized hy Re\-. John 1 '. Sassel, who also started 
a German school, lie lahored with heroic self-denial for the welfare of his 
little llock- unlil his death, on .Vugust 10, iSjm, and to Ins eanu'st worl-: the 
church is indehled for its permanent prosperit\. 

h'ather Sassel was sncceeded h\' the Rev. 1 .. .M . S. RuiThardt, in Seplem- 
her, 1S71), and this worthy priest erected the school hnilding in 1 SS 1 , at a 



co>t of tour llinn^aiicl ilMllars, and a ]iarsi mam.-, in iSS5-Sr), at a cist of 
ihrcc tlmusanil ildllars. 'I'his l)viilclinL;- i> of l)ricl<, is two stories liiL;li, and 
CDUiains ei,L;lit rooms. l'"ath(.T I'm kharilt was followeil. in Octoljer, i88(), Ijy 
kc\'. William Unlimann, in whose time the interior of the church wa.s fres- 
coed, and a new origan inti"oduced. I'atlier lUiltmann expired (ju l'\-bruary 
14, iSij.^. and on April 3, of the same year, the pre>enl worthy incumhent, 
J\cverencl Torheck, was appointed to the pastorate. h'ather Torheek has 
rdso labored elTeeli\el_\- for the i^ood of the consjregatioii and has placed a 
lurnace in the church and parse ;naj;e, and inclosed the Lirounds with an 
iron-rail tence. lie has also enlar;;ed the school tci three rooms, which are 
in charge id' three Sisler> of rro\idence. who !^i\e insti'uctions lo about 
one hmidred and sixt\- pupils. The con<4rej.;aiion (d" the church numbers at 
])reseiU abonl one hundred and sixt)- families, and the church is practically 
out of debt. 

.St. John's ceuieter\', one nn'le north (d' the ciu- i>\ \\';ishington, owned 
jointh' b\ the coui^reijalious ol St. .M,ar\' and St. Simon, com]>rises fortv 
;icres, leu of which were dedicated b\' Uisliop (.'halard on September 15, 
lS<)5, aud is free from debt. 


It will be a matter of ■>nr]>rise to the people of I):i\iess conut\' to kii'jw 
that there ha\e been more than one hundred churches establisheil witlnn the 
limits i>i the county durin.L;' its history id' nearly one hmidred years. No less 
that! ten dit'ferent denomiuaiions ha\e erected buildings at \arious ])laces 
in the conntv, and half a dozen other sects ha\-c held ser\'ices in school 
houses, (.ir other l)uildin,L;s. .\ study ol the reli,nions liistory of the county 
rexeals some \er\' inlerestinj;' lacts. .\1;uin' ol the churches that were or- 
ganised ;md gaNe promise ol permauency, became di\idcil on i|uesiions of 
church polic\ ,ind disor^.im/.alion resulted. < ^ue ol the disturbing i-lements 
that caused dissension was secret societies. .\nother was the question of 
instrumental music in church worshi]), and various other f|uestious which 
would seem tri\ial and non-esseiilial to most of the cbtu-ch member.s of the 
present age. Tenacilx' of opinion \\;is a marked characteristic ot the early 
settlers, and this disposition was especially manilesled in their inherited 
religious belief. 

In consequence of these chm"ch dissensions scores of churches estab- 
lished in the counly, with once llonrishing congregations, ha\-e bing agO' 
ceased to exist, their existence am! location being known only to a few of 



the uldesl inlial)ilanls. Imh- the iiifnrinaliDii uf readers nf this \vork ami 
tlie preservation dt these histurieal I'aets, a hst n|" all the ehurches estah- 
lisheil in Da\'iess eonnty is here L;iven. This list is as enniplete as it is pos- 
silile til make, and in order tu assist in the Idcaliuii <if the ehnrehes the_\' are 
arran.i^ed hy to\vn>hii)s and sections. 


Section (), Aniish, C'in-islian ( Antioch) ; section 33, Christian (Bethane) ; 
secti(in id, Methodist, ( 'atholic (St. I'eter's); section 10, Catholic (St. 
INfary's) ; section 31, Uaptisl (Alt. ()li\e, Xo. 1); section 1, Clinrch of Cod; 
section 15, Methodist ( Moiris i.'h,-ipe] I ; (.'annelhnrt;, Christian, Catholic (.Ml 


.Section 10, Lhiited brethren ( l'"air\ie\v) ; section 5; .Methodist ( I'leas- 
ant \'alley) ; section 11, Christian ( t'oncord ); section u, .Methodist (I'leas- 
ant Union); section 15, Methodist (Talhert's Chapel 1 ; section 17, Alelho- 
dist (I'leasant (iro\e): section Ji, Lhhteil lirelhren (New llelhel ) : section 
30, Methodist (.Mt. Zion), h^.psoni .Methodist, I'.psom, Cornctts- 
ville Methodist, Cornetts\ille Baptist. Catholic (St. .Michaers), Aniisli. 

r;[.MOKK TOWNStllP. 

.Section r, Uniteil Brethren (Mnd I'ike); section 4, ( dndstian ; section 
2J, United Brethren; section 13, Baptist ( i'riendship 1 ; section _'Ci. Metho- 
dist, h.hiora .Methodist, l.lnora tdnn'stian (Owl I'raine). I'.hiora Holiness. 

11 \Kuiso.\ inwxsii ir. 

Section 3_'. Ciunhei-l.ind Breshx lerian (L'nion), llndsonsille Methodist. 
Ilndson\ine Christi;in. Waco Christian; section (). Baptist (.\iknian Creek), 
Clendale Methodist, 

Section 5. .Methodist ( hdienezrr ) ; section _>_', Catholic ("St. Patrick's); 
section jj. Clencoe (haiiel, Mission of St. I'.atrick's. 

14I--|-.\1': IdWNSIIIl'. 

Section 3. .Melliodisi ( I'ln'oii I ; si'ction rq, Methodist i.Mi. .\eho ); sec- 
tion 18, Methodist (llij^h Rock); section 31, (_(Jak Cro\e), 



Alfunlsville Alethu.Ii^t, Alfurdss illc Christian; section 2, United Brethren' 
(..McL'ord) ; section 30, Cathohc (St. Patricia's), Jlajjlist ( Sngar Creeix). 


Section i. P-ajitist { X'eale's Creek); section 6, United Brelliren | h'riend- 
sliipl; sectiim 10, Ciiristian, Mavsville AiethcHlist, I.ettsville .Methodist. 


Metlio(Hst (h'irst), Methiuhst (Secnnd), Methodist (colored), Presby- 
terian, 1 'resliyterian ( Cnniherland ) . i\usselhtcs. i;ai)tist, Con,gregational, 
ilaptisl (c<jloved), Cnited iSretiiren, Chi'islian, Ihristian Science; Catliolic 
(St. -Mary's), CatiioHc (St. Simon), Catliolic ( Ininiacnlate I'oncejjtion ), 
i episcopal. 


Section 7, United lirethren ( I'leasant Hill) ; section 13, United Brethren; 
section 16, Methodist- (Wesley Chapel); section 26, Baptist (Mt. Olive); 
section _'0, .Methodist (Cmod Hc^pe), Odon Methodist, Odon United Brethren, 
Cdon Christian. 


Section 25, United Brethren (Otterbein); section 25, Lutheran; sec- 
tion _'(). L'niled Brethren, l'lain\!lle .Methodist, I'lainville Christian, Blain- 
\ille United Brethren; section 7, J')ai)tist (Bociim). 


Section 5, Church ot' (iod (SIuImIi); section ij. .Metlmdist (Macedonia'); 
section 29, Christian (Liberty); section 16, Baptist; section 31, United 
Brethren, l\af;lesville .Methodist, Kai^lesville L'nited B.rethren, Center .Meth- 
(idist; section (S, Cumberland I'resbyterian. 


Section 15, Alethodist 1 Bethel) ; section 21, Cumberland Presbyterian 
(Mt. Olive); section Ji,. .Methodist (Pleasant Hill); section 35, iMethodist 
(Cu ml jack). 

i'NiTi:n ni:i: n I i:i':\ i'IM'kcii, w asi iini iroN. 



■7 • 

'I'lic compiler of the liislory of the early schools of Da\'iess county is 
greatlv handicaiiped, because few recunls of them have been preserved. The 
historian must de])en(l largely upnu the meinnry of the older inhabitants who 
were lj(_>rn and reared in the count)-, ."-^(jnie of this educational history has 
bL-en collected and j-ecorded ui ".\ii lulucational History of Daviess County, 
Indiana, bv William Iv. IV-nrnd, with sketches of the townships by mem- 
bers of the World's b'air e<lucational committee." This little Imok u{ eighty- 
two pages was publisheil in iNi;^. Some \aluable inbirmation lias been ol)- 
tained from the tiles of the /^<;tv>.m (.^nnily Dciiit'crat and from the recortls 
of the l)a\iess counl\- ct.iiiimissioners. 

The first scIumiI Ik.iuscs were built where they would accommodate the 
children of the largest number of settlej:s. There was no sanitar}' school 
house law, laving down rules to be followed in selecting the sites and erecting" 
tile building.^ and furnishing the same. 

In 1.S4I), a log sch(jol house was built in Bogard township, within the 
limits of wdiat is now Epsom. As early as 1820 a school house was built in 
I'.lniore township, about three-fourths of a mile northeast of the point where 
n(nv stands the Hastings school. In 1S30 tw^o school houses were built in 
Harrison township. One was located near where the church at .\ikmans 
("reek now stands and the other was situated near 1 ludsonville. .\o school 
house was built in .M.adison townslii]) until iS.pj. It w;is jirobalily in the 
forties that the lirst school Imusc was built in keeve township. It was near 
what is now known as the .Md'ord school. It was about iX:;4. in the west 
central part of Steele township, that its lirst school house was erected. The 
'first h(juse erected for school ]iurposes in \'an lUiren townshii) was situated 
about one mile east of Raglesville; it was probably built sometime between 
1830 and 1840. The first school taught in \'eale township was in a vacated 
log church in 1819, while the first school house built in this township was 
in 1828. As early as 1820, a log .school house was erected within three- 
fourths of a mile of where the Sugarland consolidated school of Washing- 
ton town.shi]) now is,' and it was in this year a similar building was 
erected near what is now the I'rairie school house. 



These old-time school houses were of the same type. 'J'he following de- 
scriptions of some of these buildingh are calculated to gi\e an adequate idea 
of them. "These were small in size and of poor architecture. The only 
tiling conimendalile was the huge lireplace, which took up nearly one end Lif 

the school hou>e. I'lies- were constructed of round logb, with the bark 

remaining on them, and sheltered with clums)- claplioard.-i, which were 
weighted down [>' the roof. The greater portion of one end of the build- 
ings was used for a fireplace, while at the other end w^. .. ..oor which was 
cemstructed of boards and hung on wooder. hinges."''- 'Tt was built of 
logs, with a clapboard roof and a puncheon door. The seats that the chil- 
tlren of pioneer parents .^al nixm, while getting their dearl\--bought educa- 
tion, were clnms\- allair^, made b\' splitting saplings and inserting legs on 
the round side." " llie liuibbngs ererleil upon these lots \vere all log, and 
part of them unhewn. The manner of lighting and heating was of ihe rudest 
tNjie — the principal, and almost the oul_\-, rece])tion bir li,!.;ht being the dnur, 
while the fireplaces, with ;l width of six or se\'en feet aiul built of cla)' and 
sticks, furnished a limited amount of heat." "It was a ver_\' low house, 
made of partl)'-he\\n logs. co\ered with clapboards and lieati-d b\- an im- 
mense lirepl.ace which occupied almost one vud ol the bouse. The furniture 
was prepared from saplings obtained Irom the torest which surrounded the 
building, with the a.\ and auger as the only tools. There were liut two 
benches in the house, and these stood along ilie entire length of the o])p>isite 
walls with a clunis\-, high desk- made of rout;h boarils, in front, to serx'c as 
a receptacle lor a lew books." "It was Iniill ol logs slightK- hewn on one 
side and put together so that large openings were left between them. The 
cracks, p;iriiall\' closed b\ mud ,md silik-. •^er\ed ,is \ enlihiioi-,- detting in 
an abundance ol ihe outer aimos|ihere Ibe lloor was made of si)lit lot;s 
which were laid with tlie llal ^ide upwards. ( lapbo.irds, piuiied togelher, 
formed the door. The house was coxerwl with bo.nrds wliieh were held in 
their ]iroper ])lace by poles |ilaced across them and f.istened to the r.aflers. 
Il w;is ]i,irliall\- \\arine(l Iw a huge lireplace, eii;bl or len feet in width, 
placed at one end of the Iniilding." 

Ibe l;i\\s oj harmoii\- w ert' iiol \ iolated in llie ei|uipiiieiit of these 
])ioiieer school hdusi.-'-. The se.als were m.iile from the timber taken from llie 
nearby forests. Trees or saplings, froui six to ten inches in tli.ameter. wa-re 
cut into the required lengths and habed. The llat sides of these halxcs were 

l)A\-[i:SS CdrNI-Y, IN' DIANA. 209 

.smuollicd suniewliat inipcrlectU' wilh a coinnion cluipijin^' ax or, belter still, 
with a hrtjad a\. ]-ej;s were iiiscrteil in the round side, and there were no 
hacks to these rude seats. These home-made seats re([uired that certain jior- 
tions ot the home-made trousers, worn hv the hoys ol those (.la}s, he patched 
l"rei|nentl)'. .\lons; one ^ide ol the room, wijocien pei^'s were inserted 
mto the wall and a ])lank placed thereon; this served as the writinj.;' tlesk 
for the entire school. Map-., charts. i;lol)es, and hlackhoards were unknown 
to h(jth teacher .and piipd of the>e first 1 )a\iess c<junt\' school houses. 

.\> <ine writer lias s.aid, "''riuA had little monex' ;uid less lime to ile\'Ote 
to the work. ^' "■•'' ..- the\' heliexed in education, the\' found it inipossiljle 
to educate their children as they wished. .\s ,a result, there was tar more 
ignorance m the .second generation ol Jndianians than in tlie first. The 
])arents simpK' did the hest the\' could. I his a|iplies to teachers, hook's, 
huildin^s and clothini;". TIard iiecessii\- will explain iiearh- all their sjiort- 
comin^s. 'I'hal tlie\- helieved in education, is shown l)\ the kaws which thev 
eiiacteil .and the letters the\- wrote, d'here is iio more pathetic feature id' 
our earl\ Insiurw than this strui;L;le to estahlish si'liools. ddie woods, the 
roads, the streams, and e\ en the wild animals, seemed to o])])osc, and were 
handed toi^ether lo |ire\enl the children from h.a\ ini; scliijuk" 

It was the settlers ol the dilfeienl coinmuiiitics to determine, with- 
out the intervention ol township, count\' or stale officials, the kiiKJ and 
ch.aracter ol school huildiiifjs to he erected. The followin;.;- sections from 
llie school l;iw of 1X4:;, compared with the school law of thrce-(|uartcrs of a 
century Liter, show the authorii\ in rej^ard to the schools is heiiii; cen- 
trali/ed. flic \olcrs at school mecimt^s ])ossesscd the power "to direct the 
hiiildiuL;-, ilie liiriu!;, oi" the ]iurchase of a school house, or sJU' for the same, 
and to i"i\ the sum to he espmded therefor, or for the furniture ;ind appen- 
da,<;es thereto, or lor a school lihrar\- or appar.atus, and for the keepini.; the 
same in lep.iii," .and "lo delcrinnie ihe amouni oi w.iik to lie doiu- h\' each 
.alile-hodicd while male resident ol the district, hclweeu ihe ai,''es of twent\-- 
oiie and lift\- years, tow.ards huildiuL; a school house, noi to exceed two da\'s' 
work each." 

Til t: Y'.NNI.V riC.NCItl'KS. 

Idle hif.;,L;est element in the success id' an\' school or s\stein of schools, 
is its teacher or leathers, 'fhe early teachers of l)a\iess couul\- would com- 
pare la\oralil\- with the teachers ol am- other counu in the stale. i\\-eii 
this liein^ true, their knowledi;e ol what are toda\- known as the common 
(14) ' ^ 


branches, was quite liiniletl, Their knowledge, in most cases, did not extend 
beyond reathng, writing and arithinelic. Some half dozen of tlie^e early 
schoolmasters of ]-)a\iess count)-, whu knew a little of Latin and IchS uf 
algebra and geomeir)-, as one has ]mt it, "enjoyeil an en\iable rei)utation for 
scholarship." The following, from Cleorge ("ary l'".ggie^^ton, in regard {u one 
of his teachers, a^jjlies tu tliese : "l"or one thing, the 'rule of three' had set 
no bounds to his mathematical acquirements. It was wonderingly said of 
him that 'he knew the wliole arithmetic,' and it was darkl\' whispered that, in 
addition to th.U, he possessed certain occult knowledge which in our lime 
would be described as an acquaintance with elementar)' algebra and the rudi- 
ments of geometr)'. 1 think I do noi. wrong tlie gootl man's memory or be- 
tray any confidence by saying that 1 met him many years afterward, when 
he was an old man and 1 a college student, ;uul thai he then confessed t(j me 
that e\en at the time ot m\' earliest school daj-s he had been able to find out 
the \-alue of 'x" in a sim])le equation." 

TraditiLin tells us that James ( '. \'eale taught the tir.-,t school taught in 
]'>a\'iess couutv. This was before Indiana became a state, and in iSii, the 
}'eai- of the b.ittle of Tip])ecanoe. It is said that he taught a subscription 
scho(.il near I\la)'s\'ille, in that year. In 1815, John Aikman began a school, 
in what is now Washington. 

]t is claimed f(.)r Cyrus IMcCormick that he is entitled to the distinction 
of being the first Latin teacher in the county, (/ontemiior.'iry with .\ikrnan 
and iMcCormick, is the eccentric 'fhomas Ibjwaril, who lirst agitated chang- 
ing the name of Liverpool to Washington. 

( )ther early teachers in what is now Washington and Washington town- 
ship, were: W. (i. Cole, Kev. Robert J. Davis, Isaac Lleaton, Dudley John- 
son, W. D. Shepherd and Rev. Hiram llnnter. Some of the pioneer teach- 
ers outside of \\'ashington township, are, .Mrs. lunily Hum and Wesley 
.Skaggs, of I'dmore lownsliip; Jabe/. .\rt. of Reeve township; John .M. 
Strange and Henry tiore, of \'an lluren township, and Daniel Jacksc.m, John 
Stephens and Aaron Godwin, of \'eale townshi]). 

The methods and devices used by these early teacliers have changed, as 
have tlie buildings in which they taught, and as have the books and apparatus 
which they used. Some of these teachers taught "loud schools." In the 
"loud schools" the ]Hipils were re(|in"red to study their lessons "out loud." 
The thought was that the teacher could tell whether the pupils were studving 
or not. As a prominent writer has said. "'I'he itller who was roaming at one 
word, or over one line of poetry, or trumpeting through his nose, was, for 
aught the teacher knew, committing his lesson." 


Spelling occupied ;i pruniineiU jilace in the curriculuiii oi earl\- limes. 
Egglestoii, in writing on this subject, says, that Imih he and his hrother 
"could read hetore we entered our lirst selmol, Xeither nl' us, in<leed, could 
ever renienilier a time when we could not read nv ride a, and neither 
e\'er knew when cir liow he learned either art. Hut at school no account 
whatever was taken ol our al)ilit\- (c read, nor were we pernntted to practice 
that art. It was the fixed rule nl" the master that each scholar shuuld 'go 
through the spelling hook three times, twice on the hook and once ot'i the 
botik,' belore beginning to read. '( )n the hodk,' meant spelling and [n'o- 
nouncing the words with the Ixxik before the eyes. '( jff the book,' meant 
spelling fi-om memory, as the wiird> were gi\'en out." "In addition to 
the regular spelling lesson -"of the day. the wlude school was rccpiired, as a 
final exercise, each afternoon, to .stand in one long row, called 'the big spell- 
ing class,' for coinpetitive exaniinatinii in the art. 1 1" a word was misspelled 
by one, it was passed -to the next below, and S(.i on until .some one succeeded 
in siielling it correctly. The successful speller was said to ha\e 'turned 
down' all who had failed, and was entitled to take his place abox'c them in 
the line. At the close of the e.xercise, the scholar who stood at the heatl of 
the class, was assigned to the toot of it for the next da\', and a record was 
kept of the number of times each had 'gone loot.' Some small distinction 
was supposed to have been achie\'ed by the scholar whose record, at the end 
of the term, sliowcd the greatest number of g(jings to the foot or 'head 
marks.' This was about the only use made of the principle of rewards in the 
country scIkjoIs at that time. Xo other word of ])raise was ever spoken by 
the teacher. Indeed, he would ha\e ])ut himself in serir.ius danger of losing 
his ])lace, had he indulged in anv im]iulse he might ha\-e had to commend a 
puiiil. It was, at that time, held that commendation was sure to spoil a child 
and breed \anit\' and conceit in his mind." 

i')iscipline in those da\s nearly alw.ays took the form of whipping. 
The schoolmaster on his w,i\- to school each morning cut enough "switches" 
to su]>ply him for the day. These switches were usuallv of gr)odl\' size 
and of sufficient heft lo enable the m.aster to apjjly them to the cah'es of the 
cul])rit, without much exertion, in a way that wc>uld make the pupil cr\' for 
mercy. It was something to be remembered, when a da\' |>assed without 
some one getting a whijiiiing. Dr. R. S. iVIitchcll. a jirominent ;uid highly 
res])ecte(l ])hysician of Washington, in telling of some .if his boybooil ex- 
periences in school, said that one of his teachers ga\e him tivur whi])pings 
a da}', one for each (piarter of the scIkioI ])eri(jd. I'.ut one of his playmates, 

-'12 D.WIESS CdUNTV, (XnrAN'A. 

the son ui the teacliLT, recL-ivcil a-^ inaiiy; wlncli, fmni (jik' stamJixiint, left 
little cause liir yriexance. 

Here ami there was a schiidlmasler who siuiL^lit t( ■ i;-overn his- school 
hy the use nl less severe toruis dl" ])uiu>luueut, The^e resorted to the use 
ot fdols' caps, dunces' stnols, and the like. Sunietiines, an olTender was 
made to stand mi the tliK.r (Ui one fnnt, until he coul'l stand no hinder. The 
hoys were apt to conclude that such a master was "afeard" to whi;) them, 
and insolently revolted. 

"j.OCis.lN(; out"' TIIK TIi.\ClIEK. 

William K. i'em'oil, in hi^ "I'.dncational J Ljstory of Daviess Connt\'," 
says that the custom df treatin.i; was inau.^urated m this county hy William 
Uealnii ni the winter of 1XJ4. I'.c that true or*iiot, it is one of the primitive 
cu-tnuis that ha.-, snr\i\ed. There are .Mune ftaiihers in the countv' \\h(j yet 
treat, Init lhe\ .sIkjuM he i;i\eii m. nedit fur so doini;-. h rei|uentU-, teachers 
hail to he "locked out' helore thev would treat, and, sometimes, severer 
method.^ \\L-re res(jrted to, helore he would capitnlale. Xow ;ind then, there 
would l)e :i teacher who did not consider it a joke to he "locked out" and 
resisted with all his nn'^ht. Such a teacher scared the [jupils into leltiuy 
him in, if there were not too many "Iiil; scholar^." 1]\ ihreatenin^ to hatter 
the door down ami I1ol;l;iii^- all who had taken part in lockiiii; him out. 
.Sometimes, he would smoke the ])Upils onl Ii\- tlimhiu- on the viu,i [i, the 
chimney and stopping- it up. Jn most cases, h'.we\er, the pujiils came olT 
with \ iclory. The "treat" nsually consisted in ajiples or candy. "Just wh\' 
a hushel ol a]iples shonld ha\e heen so placati\e, in a countr\' in which 
e\-er\lioily had unlimited apples at home, it is dillicnlt to conjecture." 

Then, as m;w, it was sonn-times ditiicull for the teachers of the 
coMiiir\ schools to sccme hoai'dniL; places. In the pioneer daws of Daviess 
county, and even later, the leachci's souielimes "hoarded around." In fact, 
they were p.aid in part, hy the ]iatrons hoarding; the teachers, liy this sys- 
tem, each patron was "to hoard" the teacher his piopi irtionate share tif 
the time the school was in session. The system of "hoarding- aroinid" had 
sonu.' featiu'cs to commend it. The teachers had the opportnnilv of heccjm- 
ini;' reallv acc jn;iinted with hoth his pupils anil ]iatrons. lie knew the home- 
life of his ]iupils. aivl this knowlcdt^e is always worth much to any teacher. 



An luhaiice educaliimal step was made in 1853, when the state Legis- 
lalnre eiiacttMl the hiw which ])ro\i(le(l for selinol exaniiniTs. Some of the 
ljro\isiiins of this hiw are: "Ihe Ixuird of connt\' ei immissioners of eacli 
connty of thi.-, stale are herchy aulhi'rized li.i appoint al leastf one and not 
mure tlian thiee scIkkjI examiners, whose term of dIIrx- shall expire on the 
rirsi -Momlay in .March of each year. ... It sh;dl he the duty of said 
>c1ujo1 c'xannner tij exannnc all ap])hcants for licence, and il lonnd qnah- 
lied, license them as common school teachc-rs for three, six, tweh'e, eighteen, 
or twenty-four months, at the diM-retion of the examiner. . . But the 

schocjl examiner shall he-i'Utitled to an advance fee of lift)- cents from every 
ap'plicant for examination. ,. . . .\o jierson sh.all he declared i|ualii'ied 
to recei\e a license as CQminen school teacher, miless he or she may pos- 
sess a knowledge ot ortliogf'aphv, reading, wi'iiiiig. arithmetic, geography, 
and Fuiglish grammar." 

X(i (jualification \\hate\er \\;is rei|nired <d" one to fill the office id' scho<jl 
examiner — the ol' who was lo <lecide whether ap])lieants pos.■^essed tlie 
reipiisite knowledge to he common school teachers. The gre;it majority 
of those who were appointed to this oll'ice were among the leading teachers 
of tile county. 

The first sciiuol exruniner of Dax'iess connty was William T. Hallow, 
a teacher of Washington township, lie recei\ed liis a])i)ointnient on June 
1,3' ^^S?i- '^^' ^^''^^ reappointed for another year on March 8, 1854. Tlie 
law provided that one, two, or three could he appointed. On March 10, 
1835, the commissi(.>ners foi- some re;is<in appointed two perscjiis as exam- 
iners. It cert;u'nl\- was not because the Avork was so heav\' that one person 
(■ould not do it. It ma\- ha\e heen lor the cmnenience of ttie teachers. 
It was not as eas\' then to get I roin the northern p.irt of the count\' to 
Washington, as now. I'l.allow ;uul jcihn 1". 1 ha.stings, a teacher of .M;idison 
township, recei\'ed the ;ippointtnents for this year. 

1 he southern part of the county had a representative when the appoint- 
ments were made on .March 5, 183O. ihomas H. Kj'le, of Reeve township, 
was named as the third examiner, Kallow and Hastings being reap- 
pointed. K\le was a farmer .and ne\er had taught, h'or sirme reason. I)ut 
two examiners were appointed on M.arch 7. 1857.' I'or the fourth time, 
liallow was appointed. William (iaffne\-, a young teacher of W;i--hington 
township, who ha<l been a stndeni at Indiana L'Uix-ersity, was selected ;is 
Ijallow's Co-worker. 


Three examiners were again appointed cm .March 5, 1858. Gaffney 
was reappointed and, to assist him, Jolm Spalding- and Arihnr Connelly 
were selected. Spalding was a \'an IJuren townshij) teacher. It is said that 
he was the first teacher to use the wnnl "methud" in this township. Con- 
nelly was a wielder of the birchen rod in Harrison t(j\\nship, Gaffney and 
Spalding were reappointed on March 10, 1859, for anotiier term, and to 
assist them Joseph .McClcsky was added. On March 10, i860, GaWncy and 
Spalding" were again appointetl. I"or the third examiner, W'illiam C. Lem- 
mon, a doctor, was nameil. 


,1 ' x.^ ll 

In 1861, the school law was materially am^iioe^.-N Sopie.of the more 
important amendments are noted helow. Th|I boards' of county commis- 
sioners of the several counties of the .state ai'.'wieir.Jvne session, 1861, and 
every three \'ears thereafter, were atuliorized to' ai>i>oiht a school examiner. 
It was left t(j the will of the examiner, whether he should ex^iine applicants 
for a teacher's license (.)rally or h_\- written examin.ations. i/ffl^ standard for 
a license \vas fixed by the examiner. It was made the duty «f examiners 
to visit the schools of their counties. It was provided that the examiners 
should receive, "such remuneration per diem as shall be reasonable and just." 
As to what the legislators thought was "reasonable and just," is ex])ressed 
in the provision that the examiner shall receive in the aggregate not more 
than one hundred ilollars per annum, f(jr his services, and a fee of i>ne dijUar 
fur each male, and lifty cents for each female applicant, for a teacher's 

In accord witli this law, the county commissioners on June 6, i86i, 
ajipointed W'illiam .S. (jaffne}', the "Irish [>oet," who had ser\ed fonr terms 
under the old law. On l^eplember .|, iSiu, ihe appoimmcni of Gaffney was 
rescinded The iTllnwing rccoi'd of the commissioners. gi\es the reason for 
tluii- drastic action: "Whereas. W'illiam .S. (.ial'fne_\ , who was a[ji)ointed 
school examiner of Daviess connty. Indiana, by an order of this Ijo.ard at 
its June term, 1 81 1 1 . fur the term of tlu'ee )ears, from the date of s.iid (Ji'der. 
has rendered hinisell \\holl\- incompetent to clischarge the duties of said 
oftice. b\' misconduct and incompetency, the onler is liercb\' i"escindeil." 
Noah S. Gi\'en, a Iau\-er, was appointed f^r the unexpired term. The term 
ended i.m the first Monday in June, i8('i4. 

.^amuel II. T;i\lor, a \Mnng Lawyer wlio had but recently enn'grated 
from Maryland, succeeiled (iiveii, being appointed on June .4, 18(34. The 


law in regard to tlie appuintmtnt of scliool examiners was amended in 1S65, 
so that they were to lie appointed at liie June session uf the county com- 
missiuners and every three }-ears thereafter. Taylor was re-api)ointed on 
June 5, 1865. 


The law of 1865 provided, '"That the examiner should receive three 
dollars per day for each day actually employed." Tiie following entr}' in 
the rec(ir>l nf the county commissioners, seems to indicate that they thought 
much time was not needed l>y the examiner to visit schools and examine 
applicants for a teacher's license : ".And tliat in the ilischarge of the duties 
of said ot^c^ o^^examiner, that he be limited to a term not exceeding seventy- 
h\e ilays in'.^i.y^ie.)*ear. 

Ta_\']or"s law pi'al^tice. had increased to such an extent that he resigned 
as examiner in Detembcr, 1866. ft was on December 3, of tiiat )'ear, that 
Joiin"l\. Phillips, a Baptist minister, was appointed to serve for the unex- 
pired term. That tlie commissioners thought that the duties of the exam- 
iner were not of much importance, and did not re(|uire much time in their 
performance, is indicated by the following: '"Ordered by the board, that 
John R. Phillips, school examiner of Daviess count v, lie alloweil twenty 
da_\'S to visit the various townships of said count}- for the purpose of ad- 
vancing the educational interests of the county.'' Phillips was reappointed 
to serve "tliree years from and after the 9th day of June, 1868, and until 
his successor is appointed and qualified and that in the discharge of the 
duties (jf said office of examiner that he be limited to a time not exceeding 
se\'ent\-lh'e davs in an\' one year." 

Phillips resigned, and (ieorge A. iJyer, a doctor antl the i)rosecuting 
aUorne\' for the town of W'asiiington, was appointed to the \'acancy on 
IX'cenibcr o, iSoS. JHer was appointeil to a full term on June g, iSji. lie 
was limited li\- the i'ouiU\- ciMumissioners to ninel\-fi\'e da\'s (jf ser\-ice jum" 
year. l)\-er was the last school exanniier ol Daviess county. 

'fhe scliool examiners did little toward iiidnencing the educational life 
of the county, 'fheir only 1eg.-il duty from 1853 to 1861, was to license 
teaciiers. Tlie examiners could place the standard of i|ualilications for 
teachers as high as tiiev pleased, in so far as the law was concerned, but 
as a matter of fad, the stand;ird was \\:rx low. l'"rei|uentl\' an applii'aiit 
would be asked but a few oral iiuestii'iis and then be granted a license; the 
standard U< be low in order thai there be enough teachers. The salaiy 
of the examiners was not suliicient to secure elTK-ieiit siTvice. 



During the t\vent_\' years lr(jni 1S53 to 1S73, tlie time iluring wliicU 
there was sueh an (jtlieial a^ scliuul examiner in Ua\iesb eount\', twehe dif- 
ferent jjersun;> served in that eapaeity. Of tliis number, William S. Gaff- 
ney, John ]i. J'hillips and lieorge A. Dyer realh' made themsel\x-s lelt, in 
matters pertaining to education. (Jaffney nuule coniniendal)le efforts to 
.arouse interest in their work, amoug the teachers ol the counts', antl to 
secure tuutormity of text-book^. In a letter, "To the J'eachers of the 
County," among other things, he sa\s, "Were it the (leei> interest alone 
which 1 ha\e always manifested in regard to the glorious cau.^e of human 
education, 1 should he pleased to address you; luit'.i^i the r«sJation which I 
at present bear towards the teacher.^ of this county, I conceix'^.it'my province 
to ad\"incL' an\' .such inlormalioii as ma\' prove auxiliary to their noble and 
laborious duties. And as we ha\e (I am ])aine(l ti.i sa}- ) no organized 
association for the purpose of eoii.-ulting with each other, 1 take ad\-antage 
(jf tlie a\enue of communicatiou olfereil through The Bcc. b\- courtesy 
of its gentlemanly editor, in semling vou this, our first greeting. 

"The province of the teacher is to educate — educate rightly — and in 
order to do this, he must become ac(piamted wuh the duties of his \ocation, 
for his responsibilitv is m.anifold. 

"I shall take occasion to recin- to this subject al some future period, 
ath'ising for the ])resent that all would-fie practical teachers procin"e a co])y 
(jf 'Page's Theory and I'ractice id' Teaching,' a most excellent wcjrk of the 
kind, and which contains more solid inlormation and instruction on tiie sub- 
ject than time or space would admit ol us advancing. 

"It h.'is id'ten occm-red to m\- mind that the ]irocuring of good, sound, 
reliable text-books is onl\- st-coud to die right mode ol teaching; and to this 
particular I cinclly dexote the substance of this letter, ho]iing that it may aid 
the teacher in making gooi! selections. Our corresixiudence with [Uiljlishers 
is more extensive, perha]>s, than that of any otlier teacher in the county, and 
as we are posted up in relation to school books, wc shall take ])leasure in 
recommending such as we may have occasion to notice, after first having 
given them a careful examination." Following this, he names .several books 
and gives reasons why he thinks tliey are good text-hrioks. 

In Tin- Bi\- of April 30, 185S, he acKlresses a letter "To Teachers and 
Friends oi Fducition in Daviess County." l-'rom this follows a p.iragraph 
or two: "Could the teachers of this counlv be convinced of the great im- 

D.\vii;ss corx rv, indiaxa. 217 

portance of periotlical meetings aiinmg thcinselvcs, I iliinl< tlK_\- wcjukl nut 
prove .>o hikewann in regard tu the matter, nor \\(inkl the eaii^e nf cthiea- 
tion tor want ot boni. J'oints ui conlrmersv- in regard to sek^ct 
disciph'ne, salary of teacliers, text-hwoks. etc., are CDUtiniialh' arising, and an 
interchange of oijinion among teacliers, in reference to these matters, would 
pri>\e \ery satistactur)'. Aly ]]rii\ince, hciwexer, is tu qualil\' cianuKm schonl 
teachers; \et, ha\ing a decided interest in the cause uf education in this cuim- 
1_\, 1 should he ])leased t(j see parent, teacher and ]inpil nuitiialK' related. 

"Ihe salar\- ut teachers. 1 am aware, is merel\- nominal, and until this 
particidar is othcially rectified, we can nut expect tn ha\e gi)(jd iu^tructnrs. 
The mainritv of ajiplicants as leacher> uf nur cummuu schools are voung 
and inex])erienced, and .therefure nnqualilied to a^sume the awful respun- 
sil)ilit\' uf trrdning immortal minds." 


Scliuul-examiner John K. l'hilli|)s prohahly held the lirst cuuntv insti- 
tute in D.-niess county, 'idie statement has keen made that the fir>t cuuiity 
institute in na\'iess cunnt)' was lield in iSoS. This is incorrect, as the 
/'(C'/r.M County Priiunral. of August 20, iNfiS, ui writing of the institute 
uf that year, refers tu preceding institutes. Phillips presided u\ er the (Hie 
held that year and he was a|)|)ointe(l exann'ner in iSr,6. Tie had l)ecome 
prominent enough in the educational affairs of the state, to he n<jminate(l hy 
the 1 >emucrats that )ear for state superintendent. 

(ieorge A. Dyer, the of Daviess county's .school examiners, thought 
that all teachers should attend the county institute, judging from a notice he 
jnit in the county ne\vspa])ers. It reads, ".Ml teacher^ in T^aviess county are 
lierehy Ufitified to attend, a:id on failure so tu do, unless a satisfactor\- excuse 
thcrelor he given, max expect to ha\e iheir licenses revoked." 

ronN'i'Y si'i't:iUNTi-:Nm:x"rs. 

In iS73 the slate I.egislatin-e created the office of county superintendent 
by these words, "'J"he ti>wnshiii trustees of the several townshi])s shall meet 
at the olfice of the county auditor of their respective coumies, on the lirst 
Monday in June, 1^7,^, and hiennially thereafter, and a])])oint a county >u])er- 
intendeiit, who shall he a citizen of such countv. . . ." 'flu- only 
(jualitication required hy this law for this important official was, that the 


person appointed be a citizen of the county, for whicli bucli citizen was to 

On June 2, 1S73, the to\\uslii]> trustees of tlie county, consisting of 
Henderbon McL'alTert}-, of liarr townsliij) ; Jo,^epll Hastings, of Bogard 
township; Josepli Al. Hovd, of i{hn<.)re township; Uenjaniin W. Sleen, of 
Ilarribon townsliip; .Andrew Shaller, of Mathson townsliip; Josei)li A. Wc- 
L'ord, (jf ]vee\e townsliip; Leonard C'onneil, of Steele township; George M. 
Harrod, ^if X'eale township; Jesse Trueblood, of \'an iiuren township, and 
Samuel H. Mulholland. of Washington township, met at the office of Xathan 
G. Read, county auditor, to elect the first coimty superintendent of Daviess 

George A. Dver. the county school examiner; James A. I'ritchard, a 
lawyer; Henr\' B. Kohr. a ])r(iminent teacher of the county, and F^dward 
Wise, were vuted for and, on tiie third ballot, I'ritchard and Wise each 
received five xotes. Ily the law when there was a tie the county auditor 
was to cast the deciding vote. Xaihan G. Read, the auditor, voted for 
Wise, therein- electing him. On the first and on the second ballots Dyer re- 
cei\ed one \-ote. K(jlir received but one \'ote and that was on the second bal- 
lot. On each of the three ballots, I'ritchard received five votes. Wise received 
three votes on the first ballot, three on the second and live on the third. Wise 
was re-elected in June. \^/S- ^'I'd rc'-igned in September, 1X76, to accept a 
position in the South. 

On September j^, 1X76, I",. ('. 'rriml)le. a I'resliylerian preacher, was 
elected to the vacancy. llenderMHi AlcGalTerty, his opponent, received 
three votes and Trimble received fi\e. 'l\vo (jf the trustees were not present. 
On June 1, 1X77, Trimble was elected for a full term; he was o])posed l)y 
b". -M. Walker, a Barr township teacher. Trimlile receised si.v votes on the 
rir>l ballot ;m<l XA'alk'er recei\ed four. 

riure were fine cmdidaies to ^ueceed .Superintendent Trimble. When 
the trustee^ met <'U June _', 1S711, to select his s\ircessor. the interest was 
intense and considerable feeling was manifesteil by some of the supporters 
of the candid.ates. David M. (ieeting, a teacher, (if Washington township; 
1\ .\l. Walker, a teacher, of iLirr Diwiiship; O.-deb (VDell. the tru-tee of 
Madison township; Henderson Ab'CatTerty. who bad been trustee of llarr 
township, and Hamlet .Allen, the of the W.i'^hingtou high school, 
were c;mdid;Ues. ' On the fourth ballot, TXavid .M . Tieeting. who was after- 
wards elected -^tate su])crinlendent. received six votes and was elected. On 
the second ballot. O'Dell received fn^; \dtes. Walker received four votes 

n.\vii:ss coi'NTY, Indiana. 219 

on three dilTerent Liallols. Mcl'alTerty and .Mien ne\er recei\'ed ni(jre than 
one \'ote. 

On June 6, 1S81, Geeting was re-elected on the lirst hallnt, receiving 
six votes, and Le\'i Iveeves received four \(jtes. j\luch was said in the 
newspapers and among the politicians aliout this election, as (leeting, who was 
a Repul)lican, was elected h)- a Democratic vote. All of the Democratic 
trustees denied having voting for Geeting. d'his denial was the principal 
cause of the talk. Geeting's supervision of the scIkkiI.s cd' the county justiiied 
his re-election. 

Saniuelli. i'«oyil, a Steele township teacher, was hrst elected county 
superintendent on June 4,- 18S3. he ha\ing received si.\ votes on tlie hrst 
hallot and h'rancis .\. Myers receixed four \-otes. James M. J'.o\'d was 
put in niiniination, hut did nut secure further suiiport. On June i, 1885. 
ri(i\d was re-e|etted. He had made such an eflicient nfi'icial that he receixed 
the vote of each of the trustees. 

Peter R. WadswortK^ftlie trustee of \'an I'.uren township, was elected 
•on June 6, 1887, to succeed IJuyd. This was the lirst time in the history 
of the county that the trustees promoted one of their nnmher ti.i lie count}- 
superintendent. W'adsworth receixed the unanimous xote (d' the trustees, 
although he hail met with much opposition in the caucus nf his party asso- 
ciates. On June 3, 1889, \\'ads\vorth was re-elected, receixing the votes 
■of nine of the ten trustees. 

Wadsworth was elected fur tlie third time on June i, 1891. Politics 
entered into this election, as |ioliiics had figured in most of the precechng 
elections. On the tlr^^t hallot, W'adsworth receix'cd fi\e votes, Christo])her 
J. I'oiMKw ohtained tun \-otes, ;md I'.lisha .\. Kiggins secured three x'otes. 
On the second hallot, Wadsworth received si.\ \-otes. l-'ach of the cantlidates 
wa> fiiiui \:iu Ihircn township. 

.\ srki;.\rors I'.i.icciiox roxri"ST. 

The electitiu of June 5, \^[)j. was the nn »t holly coute.-'ted. in some 
ways, m the Ih.storx' of the election of counix' superinteudi'uts in I )axiess 
County. On the one hundreil and twcntx-niuth h.illot, \\';ids\\ orth x\a^ 
elected lor the lonrth tune. lu their caucus, die l\e]iuhlicans had selecteil 
William A. Wallace, ;i \'eale lown^hip teaclu-r. as their candidate. The 1 'op- 
ull>t trustees, of xxlioiu there \xere three. sn])ported Joseph .\. Alexander, 
the su|ierintendent of die (Idou schools. Tin- two Democratic trustees 
xoted for A. (). I-'ulkerson. ;i teacher of \'an Ihireii loxxnsliip, just ahoul 


1(1 graduate frum the State Xoniial. It was c\ ident that the I'upiihbt and 
tlie Deiiiucratie trustee^ woulil nut vote for Wallace. In order to break the 
deadlcjck, tlie Repnl.ihcans decided to vote for W'ad.sworih, hopiiig that some 
of the J'oiiulist or the IX-nioeratie trustees wuuld >iii)|)ort Watls\\(-irtli. 
Some one of tliem did, therehy electing liini. 

W'adswortli was elected [irosecutor at the Xo\enilier election, in 1894, 
and he at once resigned as county superintendent. William A. Wallace was 
elected to succeed him, on .\'o\emlier tJ, iS(j4, on the t\\ enl\-se\ enth hallot. 
W'niiam K. I 'enrod, Joseph M . I'orler, l'\ Al . Alcl'onnell and William San- 
tord were the other candidates \()ted tor. I'enrod, a \'oung and energetic 
teacher, Irom Madison township, was cl^se to Wallace as a com]jetitor. 

There was no elecii<jn of a CdinUy superintendent in Jinie, iX'i^. as the 
I,t'gislature had ])assed a law whith presided for the election of county 
superintendents in .Scplemlier, instead of Jinie. .\s a result of this law, 
and on lis heing declai'cd unconstitutional, \\';illacc held o\er until lune, 
iSi)(). I he Legislature had ch.inged the term from two to four years. 
Wallace was elected tor the second lime on June 3, iN()(). He met with 
nuicli op])osilion in his own part)-. Jt took twent\'-three ballots to decide 
the contest. S(jlomon W. Satterlield, a teacher, of \'au I'.uren township and 
a g^raduate of tlie Indiana State Xornial and of the .State Uni\ersit\-, and 
Alanson (". Wise, teacher of Washington lown>hip, l\e])uljlicans, rmd San- 
ford Patterson, a teaelier of li.nrr township and a democrat, were liis opjio- 
nents. ( )n the I'lrsl ballot Wallace receixed i'tvc votes, \Vise .secured two, 
and Satterheld also obtained two. On the twenty-third ballot Wallace 
received si.\ \-otes, Wise secured two, while Satterlield and Patterson had 
each to be content with one. 

in-.MocK \r la.i'X'Ti'n in' ioo,^. 

The majority of the trustees in Hjcj^ were 1 )emocr;us, and in the elec- 
tion held on June 1 of that )ear Philander .Mcllenry, a Steele township 
teacher and a Democrat, was elected. Seventeen ballot.s were taken before 
he received the nomination. A. O. ]'\ilkerson, John Doyle, W. L. Stiickey. 
I". I.. Alc(_'afferty, W. T. l>rown and I'Vank' Dixon were Mc]lenrv's op- 

The Ivepublicans had a majority of the trustees in HjOj. b"our Repub- 
h'can teacher.s were candidates to succeed ^TcITenry. T^. J. rUn-ris. princijial 
of the Plainville schools; J. M. \'ance, teacher of luiglish in Washington 
high school; J. 1\. AlcCarter, a !\b-i(Hson township teacher, and Grant ('alia- 


lian, a tcacht-r of the ()ili>n hi-li school, soii,i;hl the l\r|nihlican noiiiinatioii. 
Durris rcci.-i\ cd the iiomiiKitiou on the sccoiiil halloi. In the election he 
recei\eil sexen \nie,s and Mcllenrv three. 

I'.urris resj^neil in laiiuarw Hjii. and on the 7th of that month .\l\a 
(). Inilkei'son. teacher of history in the W'ashini^ton hii;h school, a j;radnate 
of the Indiana State Xornial and of Iniliatia L'ni\ersit_\-. was elected to the 
vacancx'. I'hilatider Mcllein-y. who had served one term, soni^ht the nom- 
ination. .\t the election luilkerson receixed se\en \otes and J. .M. \ aiice 
received three, h'ulkcrson was re-elected for a fnll term of fonr _\ears on 
Time 5, it)ii, recei\iny the \'ote of all of the trnstees. The f .es^i.-^latiire of 
Kjl^ extended the teiin of ollice to .\n!;iist id, \y)\J. 

A Ki:.sfME oi^ 'line w'oKK oi' I' 1 1 !•; coiwrN- .s^■l■|■klN'|•|■.^:I)I•:N rs. 

lulward Wise, the lirst coniil\' snperintendent of |)a\iess comity, had 
attended collet^e and in many wa\s was well qnalilied lor the duties ol 
this impoi-iant oUice. Me did nnu h to aroiise interest in the scho(jls. secure 
miiformilv- of le.xt-lx lok-,, and raise the (|nalilication <.f teachers. It is inter- 
esting; and instrnctixe to s<ime of the comments he made ii])on teachers 
and their work after he had xi^iled iliem in their schoolrooms. ( )n (tclober 
7, i>>/]. he xisited William II. ,\llen, the present conntx- attendance ol'licer, 
wild was teachini; school .\o. S in Howard townsliiii, .and in the record of 
his xisits he states that .Mien an nnahrid^ed dictionary and thai he \x as 
teachin- spelliiit;- lix' haxiiij; the pupils sound exery xowel. Wise states that 
this is not Correct, and it xxoiild appear that .Mien must liaxe lieeii usiii^" a 
f.inn of the phonetic method. Wise remarks in aiioiher pl.ace that "Henry 
I'l. Kohr is the hest teacher in I )a\iess coiinlx-," and in another that a cer- 
tain teacher "drinks a little too much." This teacher's license xxas later 
rexoked. \fler xisiimi; one -chool he reports, "Xo wood; hurn hark." 

.\t a meetiiii; of the coiinlx ho.ird of education on .\nt;iist (>. 1N73, 
teachers' xxere li.xed ,it one dollar and fifty cents per day for teach- 
ers holding; a six mouths' license, one dollar and sexenty-lix e cents for a 
twelxe mouths' licence, and txxo dollars for ei.L;liteen and txventx'-four months' 
licenses, respectixely. Alitchell's ( ieoi;raphy, llarxex's i'.n.wn's 
T'hysioIoL^y, lUitler's Speller .and Uax's .\rithnielic xxere adopted as the lext- 
hooks to he used 

In coinuientin.i.; iiiioii the loxxiishi]) institutes, he s.ays ol the \ .111 laireii 
toxxiislhi) institute that there xxere leu teachers iiresent .ami thirteen eurolUd, 
and that the "teachers a]ipear lixely and in earnest: made a fexx- reiuark.s 


uiKjii Theory and Practice." In sjicakiny ul ihc institutes in another inwn- 
sln'p he sa\s, "It has done no good this winter." 

[\. t '. Triniljle, the second county stqjerintendent, was a r'resh\'teriaii 
[jreaclier and well educated, lie worked along the lines started tiy his precl- 
ecess(jr ar.d made special efforts towards grading the schools. At its .Sep- 
teniher meeting in iiSj.S the count \- Imard of education adojjted a resolution 
"declaring it to he the sense of the hoard that the count}- schools be 
graded at the earliest praciicalJe lime." 'fhe toUowing rule of the county 
board of education adopted in May, J S/.S, indicates that the idea of the 
purpose and manner ol holding examinations (d pupils has materially 
changed. The rule rea<K : "h.\ery teacher, Ijefore tlie close of bis ^chool 
term, shall hold a public examination of the jiupils of his school, and shall 
notif}' the county superintendent and trustee of the same." Uit'ferent infer- 
ences may be drawn from the following record, made on .Vugust S, 1S7S: 
".\fter grading the i>apers of the 1ul\' examination and finding e\idence 
of fraud, decided to reieci all the papers and to bold another examination 
on August 17." 

suphkintendent's stkictuuks on teachers. 

David Al. Geeting was the brst teacher electetl to the county sui)erin- 
tendency of 1 )a\ less cnunt)-. lie was considered one ol the best teachers 
of the county at the time of his elecliciu. Under his super\isi';n the scho(jls 
of the county made rapid progress, (jeeting required his teachers t(j make 
monthly reports to him; in this way be kept in closer touch with what they 
were doing, lie did n<it hesitate to record uncomplimentary things about 
his teachers, as the following record will show: lie \isiled a school in l!arr 
township and "found the teacher had dismissed school 'to go to mill.' .Saw 
the teacher and rccommemk'd that be do such wdrk (pii .Saturday or hire it 
done." In speaking ui a \'eale township institute, be says, "A good interest 
was manifested, but some of the nujst ludicrous blunders were made by 'the 
oldest teacher in the township,' among them being tlie admission of the fact 
that he never read anything but the ihble — all other books were novels." 
(Jn January 22. 18X1, he records, ".\ttended Steele township teachers' insti- 
tute at Plaiiuille. Jn this town.ship are four good li\e teachers and four 
'sore-heads,' and the result is the institutes are almost a failure." In bis 
report to the county board of education in May, iSSi, among other things 
he savs, "^'on have among your teachers, too, a few, a \ery few, whose 
only relief is railing at the trustee, county su])erinlendent, state board of 


educalion, our Legislature, and llie governor. They opi)ose .scliool visiting, 
and 1 am fully convinced tliat, .should 1 keep as untid\- school premises, as 
poor discipline over my pupils, and such little interest in my recitations, I 
should not court school visiting from any one, il 1 did not oppose it." 

This report shows that Superintendent (ieeting was alireast oi the 
limes. He says that he noteil the folUiwing points when he visited a scliool: 
"hirst, inspection of the school and school grounds. Second, inspection of 
the teacher hefore his class." lender the secoml head, he notes the following 
points: "Does he recpiire the jiupil to do the work of the recitation? Does 
he give his undivided attention to the class? .\re the i)upils inlerested in 
the recitation? Are ,a1l the pupils reciting the entire lesson? Are the dull 
impils called upon, as well as the liriglu ones? Are the pupils reciting 
thoughts (ir mere words? Does the teacher make his work ])ractical ? Does 
he reipiire the work to he done neatly? .\re the ipiestions such as will 
stinndate the pupil to think? Is he energetic and ciUhusiastic in his work."" 

'jeeting was succeeded hy .Samuel li. ISomI. r.o\d was a successtul 
teacher of the county, and he was equally as successlid as county superin- 
tendent, lie sought to raise the character of the work nf the teachers, hy 
\isitiiig them in their schools and in the township nislitutes, and suggesting 
hetter methods to he used. Closer giadalicu i<\ the pupils was accomplished 
under his su]>ervision. On Septeniher I, 1SS3, the lollowdng te.Mdnjoks 
were adopted for six years: Mc(luffe}'s l\e\ised Keader, .\lc( lulYey's 
Revised Spelling I'.ook, Kav's Revised .Arithmetic, Harvey's (jranimar, 
J'".cleclic (;eogra])hy, lu'lectic .System of Penmanship, Steele's I'hysiology, and 
the I'.clectic United States History. 

I'eter l\agle Wadsworth came to the office of county superintendent, 
with the e.\])erience hotli of a teacher and a trustee. His social dispijsi- 
tion enahled him to make many aci|uaintances among tc:ichers, patrons, and 
pupils. \\c was :i popular superiuleudenl, hut 110 records of his work are 
to he found in the oflice of the county superintendent. 

William .\lfred Wallace succeeded Wadsworth as county superintend- 
ent of Daviess countv. Previously, he was a teacher ot \'eale township. 
Altliough net new lines of work were in.stituted hy him, yet he made es|)e- 
cial ettorts to keep the hoys and girls in school, until tliey at least graduated 
from the grades. He sought to get them tc- rem.ain in school until they hail 
completed the common school course, hy holding commencement exercises 
for the graduates and offering medals to those who made the liighest grades 
in the different townships. He urged the trustees and the teachers to do 
what they could to furnish their pupils willi the young people's reading circle 



1)1, dks. Tliu I'cillow iiil;, iVdin the "Oa\ii.-ss C'nuntv L'uiiimi>n Sclnnil Man- 
ual. " pulilislicd li\ .'^upcriiUi.'iiilcnt W'allarc in iSi;i). in regard to L;railinL;' 
anil cla^^i t \ini4' ]iu]iiU, is nt intircsl: "The tcarlier is the prnper pcrsnn 
til ^raile and classif\- the pupils. Tlic patron^ and the pupils ha\c nn rit;ht 
III dutalc in the matter. The teaehers slmuld knnw where the pupils helnny" 
and then ha\e the emiras^'e In plaee iheni there. ratrniis and ptijiils ha\e 
heen dietatin.i^' the i^radini;- Imij^ eiKui^h. The teaeher nnist dn it frmn this 
time nn. I'u])ils are efnwded ihriinL;h the sehnnl tmi i"a]iiill)-, espeeiall}' in 
the ]irimar\ grades. It is imt the Ljrade nr the year that a ]mpil is in or the 
linnk he is stmhinL;-. that makes the sehnlar-; nnl In any means. What 
In.- knnws nl the stilijeet matter enntained in the Imnk- and his aetnal stand- 
ing' in the Ljrade, is the nnK true test. iSelter, a i;iinil lliii"d-\ear |)iipil than 
a piinr si.\lli-_\-ear i me." 

Wallace, whn had served ii\er eii^ht \ears. was snceeeded liv I'lnlander 
Alcllenrv, a teacher whn had had \-arieil experience as an instnictdr. 
Mel leni"\- was a man nf fnrce and hrimked iiu n]ipn>itiiin In his plans. Snme 
nl the teachers, il seems, did iml |i;i\' the cnnnl\ inslilnte fee. In nnler tn 
cnni|,el each teacher tn ]):\y this fee, .Mcl[enr\- li;id ihe fnllnwinj;- resniniinii 
pa^seil li\ the cntmiy Imard nf ediu'atinn : ".\'n persnn sh.all he i.niplnyc-d as 
a ti'acher. principal, assist.ani ]irinci])al. nr sn]iermtendent, whn dnes nnt ]ins- 
sess at tlie lime nl his em]iln\ mcnt a recei]it fnr his nr her cniint\' institute 
fee Inr the cnnni\' institnle ininiedialeK' pi'ecediiiL; the term ni empln\- 
menl." lie made eai'nest elTnrts In i^et music tauLjhl in the rm"al schnnls. 

I'lenjauiin j. lliu'ris, a teacher ni the l'lain\'ille schnnls and a Sjiauish- 
.\merican War \eteran, succeeded McMenry. 1 le put a L;reat deal of enerj^x- 
intii Ins wnrk and succeeded in getting' the cnurse ni stud)' nrgaiiized, as it 
had never heen hetnre. The wnrk nf cfmsnlidatinn was hegun. Trustee 
\V. I,. I'irnwn, o\ W'ashingtnn tnwnship, ahly assisted hy Htn-ris, huilt the 
l.iiiigfellnw cniisiilidated sehnnl, the first in ihe enmity. High scIimmI wnrk 
made L;re;il adv'ances mider the sU])er\Tsinn nl the new cnunt\' superintendent. 
Huriis lrei|iienll\ issued hulletins In his teachers m.'iking suggestions fnr 
impnwement and olTering plans that had heen tried nut hy successful teach- 
ers. These htillelins were ol great value In tcichers. ihirris discnnlinued 
the plan nl Imlding cninmencemenl e.xei'cises fnr eighth-graile grailti;iles 
nn the grniind that it tended In cuise them In discniitiniie their sehnnl wnik 
Iw nnt entering tlie high schiml. 

ii.h iiii;ii sriiiHii, i:riij>i.\(;, w Asiiixiri'i i\. 

Ni:w iiu:ii sciiiHji, iumu'Inc, w.\siii.N(|-|-i)N. 


AN LNliKl.nn'lC SL'l'EKINTli.VnENT. 

lUirris resii;neil a short time before the exiMratioii of his term of office, 
to take lip the stud}' of law. Alva O. h'tilkersoii, who was at the liead of 
the department of history of tlie W'asliiiigtoii liigli school, a gra(kiate of the 
Indiana State Normal School and of Indiana Unixersity, and wIkj had 
tanght in country, village, town and city schools, was elected to succeed him. 
Fulkerson holds that ihe greatest need of the rural schools is closer super- 
vision. He has this in mind in planning and directing the W(jrk of the 
teachers under his suiicr\'ision. This is a difticult task, with so many teach- 
ers scattered over such a wide territory. 1"o accomplish as much as possible 
along this line, he prepares each week, while the schools are in session, a 
column for the newspapers of the comity in which he makes suggestions for 
the improxemeut of the work, gixes [ilans and de\ices, discusses the course 
■of studv, and jjoints out mistakes being made. Monthh' rei)orts are recjuired 
from tlie teachers, lie \isits as many township iu>titules as iJOSsible, to 
discuss with tlie teachers their dilficulties and to keej) in personal touch with 
them. C(jnsolidation is being pushed. The Montgomery, the Cannelburg, 
and the .Sugarland, are cons(.ilidatc'il schools in w Imjc or in part. George 
]'). Drew, who was trustee of llarr tow'iislii|), built the AloiUgomcry and the 
Cannelburg buildings, and (Irant Keith, the e.\-trustee of Washington town- 
ship, built the Sugarland, the most uji-to-dale building in the ctuuity. I'ul- 
kerson, in order to consolidate and centralize the work, holds a count\'-town- 
shi|> institute. This plan is a timc-sa\er lor the superintendent and creates 
enthusiasm in the teachers. lie has held four eighth-grade county com- 
mencenieuts, Charles A. Greathonse, state su]icriiUcndent, made the address 
at the first; President George R. Grose, of Del'auw Uni\ersit\-. delivered 
the addrc-s at llu- -ccond ; Su]il, I. G. t'ollicoii, of ihc lndiana])olis scIkhiIs, 
made the addrc.-'^ at the third; and l.oni.-- J. Ivetlger, of the Indiana State 
Normal, spoke at the fourth instilnte. I lis idea is to make the county the 
school unit, as ne.arh' as ]io->^ible. The etliciency ol the township high 
schools has been greatlv increa--ed under l•'ulker.^.)u's superxdsioii. 


The first Daviess County Teachers' .\ssociation was organized in .Sep- 
tember, 1870. The plan and purpo^e of this association was good, but it 
failed to accomplish much. The lir>t president id' this association was 


li.WII'SS ( ill'N I Y, J. \ I MAX A. 

C'miiity SchiKjl MxauiiiKT (icurm' A. I)\(.t. TIk- M.-trcl;ii-\ \\a> Ui-njamiii S. 
I K'lKlerMUi. The niciiili(.r> nf Uk- c.iminiituc thai fnnmilaled tlic ciiii>iilu- 
liuii anil l)\-la\\^ were, Mllicrt I'ni^arl, l.i/./.ic I lu^slicail, W. II. Ji.liii--()n 
ami lliiwanl Williams. .\k'eliiiL;> were held iliii'iiiL; ilie ^cIkiwI year nf 
|N70-I<S71. These were iid geiierallx atleiuieil. l'>eiaii>e of tlii> lack i.f 
iiilere>l, the assijcialidii was snoii aliaiuliiued. 

In iSiJt, another ci>nnt\' teachers' association was or^am/.etl. I'lei^iii- 
nni;^' with that \ ear, lilteen sessions were held hefore the nieetiiit;s were 
.'ihaiidoiied. The sessions were held on l'"rida\ and Salnrdav toljowiny 
rhanksL;i\ iiil;, oI each \ear. 1 hese associations diil ninch m direclitiL; the 
edncational lhou!.;lu ol the coiiiilv. d'he association was ah.andoiicd in iijiuj 
for two \eai"s, and in ii)ii it was reor,L;aiii/ed. to he a;;ain ahandoned 
ill 1914. 

(oiiiity .Snpt. W. A. W' was the president of the first assucialion, 
w'liiih was held in .\'o\ cniher, 1N1J3. SncceediiiL; liiiii as presidiiiL; olhcer 
were the foll( j\\ mil; proiiinieiU teachers ol the couiiiv : .\. l'. Wis^, {■' . l!. 
(.oll.erl, j. .M. \ aiice, J. .S. Wesihafer, I'hilander .Mcllenry, W. I-. .\xlell, 
.\. ( ). h'nlkers.iii, Koherl I'. .M . Ale* ■oiiiiell. Hamlet .Mien, Lew S. 
Core, William ^'o^lni;, William T, llrown and I h.irles AUAInlleii. .After 
tlu- iiilermissioii of two xears, |ohii 1 )o\k- was president lor the session of 
U)ll, and Kelt .A. Roherls, ( ). Al. Shekell and ( '. h, .\niick were his snc- 
ccssors in order. 

Ihe .'^late Ti'achers' .Association had chaii^eil its time ol meeliiiL; Irom 
the ( hrislinas holid.ixs to ( )ctohi.r. llecaiise of this and as so inan\' oilR-r 
edncational meetings were heim; held, it was lelt that the ( 'onnl_\ '.Peacliers' 
Association had served it.s purpose .md should he ah.indoneil. 

(Ol N I ^■ iNs rn fn;-;. 

Anions; the impoitant scho,.| laws passed hy llu- 1 .e,L;isl.ilnre of iSd^, 
w;is the one jirox idiiiL; for a ciaints teachers' nistiliue. This law ])ro\-ided one coiiiit\' institute shduld he held each year in each cotint\ and when 
there was an ;i\eraL;e attendance of twentydi\e teachers, the county should 
pa\ lliirt\-ri\e dollars for its inainteiiaiice, ami when there was an averaiL^e 
attendance of fort\- oi- more teachers, ilu- coiinly should pay lill_\- dollars 
for its upkeep. 

There is no record of the first institute held under this Law, hut from 
the hest infoinialiou it was held in \Si<(,. the \ear following the p;issai,'e of 
the law. All in.stilute was held the week he.^innniL;' .An.uiist 17, l8f)S. The 



late JikI.i^c Daxiil j. Ilelnni, then a liarr lii\vnslii|) teacher, i^ reixirted 
as fixing a lecture ami alsu a l\e\ereiiil Mr. h'i^k. ni l-'eler>liiirL;'. 1 here 
was an atleiidance nl' hetweeii l'(irt}-ri\e ami lil'ty 'I'huse enmlleil were 
(i. W. .Moiin, j. A. .\liirrav, Aikmaii L', I laiiilct Allen. M. I.. I'.arlun, 
J, C'.arnahan. Susan ( ns|]_\. I'rcil A^jau, II. A-aii. ( ). ('ci>li\-, Al. T. t nii- 
nau-ht^n. I., tlark. J. I'.ecketl, J. ('. Allisnu. WcMmu \\i>e. h. Arl'onl, 
.\. (.Munnlly, II. I',, K.ihr. II Williams, j. I.a\ert\-. William Kemieil\. J. C. 
I'cirter. S. l,M\L-le->. JmIiu .\lclnime. .\. j. (lusliurn. Thomas Kili^^re. j. 1.'. 
Lavellc. I-' .M. Walker, Levi Kee\e>. I i. Unhins.m. Aiuia Keuneilx. U. ( ira- 
ham, L. \\iK..n. I.. WelL, .\l, Stul.hlelieM. 1., Uvau. Ophelia kM.l.JKk. Al. 
lAas^an-., |. I'ea-au^. 1.. lin--,lR-a(l. .\1. k'.. k'lmn, k'.mnia I'.aklwin. M. I'erkiiis, 
Al. Dyer. J, Ah.r-au, k'.. ( ■..nnauL'htMU. ■^hMm:l^ l.avelle. .\. W'. .Nrf.inl, W'. II. 
.\llis.m, k .XicliMU. I'. .S. I'erslnn-, I'll, .ma- W a.le, A. W. Smuh. j. Alalu.ney, 
k'r.ank .Myers, k W niklepleck. I.., Al. (iaila-her an.l 1). II. Alnr^au. 

khe I'.illi i\\ iiiL; resiilutiiius, pa-seil li\ the teacher-,' c. .nnl_\ institute nl 
iS(ii), are signilleanl : 

"Kesi.Keil, kirst. 'I'hat this institute as a l...il_\ rei|uesi the c-..uiu_\- 
e.xaniiner In use his inllueiue t.. the l.arthest extent with the t.iwu ainl tnwil- 
ship trustees, and iei|uesi them t.. mueasc the s,ilar\ ..I teachers. Ami also 
that he rei|uesl the ti.wn ami l..\\nship tiustees tn ]nircliase with the special 
sclii.iil liinil. the necessarx- scli'iol knnks an.l statinnerx In he Used in the 
t.iwii nr liiwiislnp, in ..I'der that a nnili.rm >)sieni may he adopted. 

".SecMiiil. I hat we, as nicmhers n| the l)a\'iess ("oimiy 'keachers' Insti- 
tute, will not ai;ree to teach less than tw.i dollars per d;iy, ;iml as 
much more ;is the ,L;rade ol ceililicate ma\ call lor; and al>o reipiest the trus- 
tees to L;i\e extra com])ens;iti. .11 t.. th.isc teachers who li,a\e atletuled the 
cmnl)- institute lor l^(><)." 

Ilowai'l Williams, t leoi -e W' .Xk'tin and I knnlet Mien c.imp..sed 
the commillee 1 . a innlate. I the-e lesohltioiis. khe i.lea.s in these res.ilu- 
lious are iiow a p.iri ..I the siImoI laws ol the state. 

A, W'. .Siuith, who was the secretarx ol the institute, i;a\e lessons on 
liemnaitsliip. lie asked hx' the institute to l'< .rmnlate his rules I'.ir 
xx'riliiiLJ'in xerse. khe l'. dlow in- is the rcsuli : 

While xxriiiuL; he erect and tree. 
With nature I'or y. .nr -tiide : 

Incline X. lur liel't np.m your lett, 
The riL;ht arm near the side. 


So lightly then ymi lioM the pen, 

"rwill almu.'^t frnni \-ou slip; 
Let both i»iints press with equal stress, 

In sight your knuckles keep. 

\\'hile fingers liend let arm attend, 

And nil the nmscles play; 
As rnlling rest; while nails light pressed, 

Slide freely every way. 

With eijual height and slupe now write, 

With e(|ual s])ace now coniLine; 
Trace with dry pen \'0ur copy then, 

/\n(l kce;) it ne.xt your line. 

As the numlier of teacher?, in the county has increased the attendance 
and the interest ;it the county nistitutcs have increased. Now, instead of 
local talent furnishing the instruction and discussions, some of the best 
educators of the coimtry are emjjloyed. .As an incentive for teachers attend- 
ing the county institutes two ]ier cent, is added to the general as'erage of 
those teachers who attend the entire institute. This means an increase in 
the wages (if the teachers of from six dollars to about fifteen dollars jier 
}-ear. These instittUes ha\-e ser\cd to create a l)elter altitude among teach- 
ers toward their woiT-, to ad\:uice the standards, to increase the i)rofes- 
sioual interest, to keep teachers in touch with ad\anccd thought along edu- lines, and to cause others to h;i\e a higher regard for the professieiu 

b' James Swift, of Si. Louis; Rosa .\1. R. .\likels, of Indiana]iohs 
Z. I\l. Smith, of l.afayelle, Imliana: Roberta .Mc.Ved, of Lafayette. Indian.a 
and Ma\ R.ibinsi.n. ol Washinglou, liidian:i, weie ihe inslruciurs for the 
ION msinule. ( ). I.. W .arren, of b.lmu-a. .\e\\ \'oik : Anna 11. .Morse, of 
Charleston, Illinois, and Ricbai'd I 'ark. ol Sulluan, Indiana, are the instruc- 
tor.s for 11)15. 

I'lie following teachers were eiu-oiled at the 1014 institute: llamlet 
Allen, Xornia .Allen. ( )llie [,. Allen, Thomas ]•'.. .\r\in, William Arterbm-ii. 
C. 'L. Amiek, Inez lloidi.-un, .Maggie llradley, b'.niest lUirch, Margaret 
Brewer, lulitb llrother, lleleii Ib'oiber, Mabel lUuris. .M.annie IWirris. Liessie 
L'rown, Jessie llrown. bainice I'.iown, ( )scar l'>ook(.-r. Ltta l'>err\. Idossie 
liarley, Ray Cunningham, lleleii C, irhran, fi'ililh (ouingham. Harriet \L. 



Coc'ik. Susie Cdllicrt, Amanda Cdlhcrl, ]\liiinic Cox, Ilazcl A. C'hinn, Ahirl 
CunniiiLjhani, (j. A. I'uniiini^hani, Lcn I'lcniciUs. Lewis Clements, A. L. 
CliesUnU, I'loyil Carpenter, ( )\ven L'reeeliiis, A. Cawrence Clark, IManelie 
Cullins, lia/.el Clinton, I'lora ("linton, X. 11. Cliallin, .Sidney (.'arnahan, 
'.Minnie Carnahan, T. 1'".. Cnll.ert, \'. IC Hillard, Libert Don,s;herty, Ilelen 
Downs, j. .\. Deal, James \). Dwyer, (jnier IJat^es, Corrien Dages, J^lla 
Dunaline. Ada lAans, C)mer Ldwards, Heniiee LIniore, Clad\s F.dwards, 
I'lanelie l-'i^li, Dennie I'ord, Kell l'"ergnson, Ray Idint, l^dith Idick, Don C. 
]''ailli, Waller l-'uneannon, llazel l''ea^an>, k'arl i'^reed, I'lertha Gamble, Car- 
rie (ireenw nod, Roukli ( ireenw ( )od, l^pliraini (iregory, Grant Giltner, Lena 
(!i<jss, Rebeeca (ira\'es, W. .\. Graniian, j. W. Gillaspie, .Margaret Grannan, 
IIar\ey Gilliatt, James L. (iilley, l'".nlal,-i Gulhrie, Cora llunter, Mary Hast- 
ing, llarr\- I lernian, llazel 1 b." ipingarner, Hilda 1 loo]iingarner. .\lbert Ileit- 
hecker, llarry Hunter, Mar\' llarard. LulK- ilaiTml. Lernadette Hopkins, 
llazel loliiiNon, Llsie Jones, J. S. Ketebam, llritta Ketehani, Margaret 
Kaufl'man, l'.eN>ie Keller, Mar\ Long, W. .\. Lavelle, I'.thel Littell, Hazel 
Lett, Jojin l.edgerwood, J. ( '. Lemmoii, I'ari- Lauglilin, Stella MeCatTerty, 
(iraee .McCafferty. Rollif .Monn, Utiili MeCown. b'rmel .MeCatTerty, T. R. 
MeCalYert), Lucy .Metiebee, W. L. McCormiek, ( ). .\I. .MeCraeken, O. 1'. 
.McCoy, Dello McW'illiams. t'arl McW illiams, (clarence .McCoy, ,\lbert 
IMalone, blllis Malone, Hugb Morgan, Alary Mattingly, {■.. !■:. .Mea.le, ko.,c.:ie 
:Myers, iC H. Myers, C. Will Myers, Grace .Myers, Carrie .Myers, G. L. 
Nicliolson, Mayme Xicbolson, (iladx's Norman, Cora .Xugent, Stella O'Don- 
ald, Ileryl D'Donald, Jcjbn O'Connor, Joanna O'Connor, Xora O'Connor, 
James O'Xeal, .Maggie O'Donagbue, .\rlie O'l'.rian, I'amie O'Dell, F. F. 
Osmon, .Mice Late, .Agnes Late, Louis Late, l^liia I'icketl, Lutber Lotts, 
Lola Larsons, Helen Lalnu^r, Lora Lerslnng, .\lbert i'ersbing, lienjannn 
Litter, Rett .\. Roberts, Ma\' L. Robinson, Clara SbalTer, Irene Sjjitz, 
I'.slella ."-^piiz, Josepbiue Sanl'oid, b'.ula ."^anl'ord, Lauline Sanford, M.ary C. 
.'^liirk'y, Mo-isx- .Smilew .Mimne Standlew 11. .\. .Sas-,, .Sbellie !^imuel. Lay 
Stuckey, Cecil .Sniiili, llenr\' .Sipes, S. L. Sears, Sberman Stickle>, .Ximrod 
Sla\en, .Martba .Summer-, .\nna Lelle .Smeltzer, Grant Scales, O. .M. Shekell, 
I'earl Taylor, Jeannette Wanl, .\. L. Westhafer, Lottie W'e.stbafer, bJsie 
W'adswiirtli, I'orrot W'adswortli, I'.erl Wbite, Cbarles L. Wbite. l\ditli 
Wood, llarrv Winkle])leck, [■'.. O. Wmkle|)leck. Walter Wlnte, Claude Ward, 
.Mary Wrigbt, Katbarine WiLon, IJorotby Winston, Luke A'otnig, .Madge 
A enne, I'.lmer \drk, Dora ^'ork, b.rnest Zinnuerman. 


Till-: Ki'kAi. i:i.i;.Mi:xiAi;v sciioor,: 

The fiillowinq' arlirlc nn "'Vhv Rural l'.k'iiK'iUar\ Sclnxils of l)a\'icss 
Countw" 1)\' L'lunU' Siiiici"intciKli.-iU A. ( ). Inilkcrsnii, a]i|icarL'(l in State Sii- 
perinteiiileiit ( liark's A. ( ireatln ■U'-e's ix'ijurt l'i>r nil.]: 

"DiiniiL; tile past two decailes lliere has lieeii i|Uite a change in elenien- 
lar\' rural schouls n\ l)a\iess cnuntw This chani^e has lakeii place in the 
sehiMil Imililiui^s, in their ei|uipnieut, in the persnmiel ami i)re]iaratii m mI" the 
teachers, and in the allilmle n\ ilie patrons toward the schools. 

"The t\pe ol schodl huildiui; ol t\\enl\- \ears aijo was a fi'anie, ahout 
a third loii^^er than wide, with three windows on each side and a door in 
one end. The n.iajorit)- of the Inhldint^s in the coniit\ are of tin's type, hut 
they are heiii:.; ra|iidl\ replaced 1)\ more modern stiaictures, 

"It was diftlcull lor pu])ils to see to stud\- thei|- lessoiis in these olil- 
st\le IjuildiUL;-- on cloud\ da\s, and il w;is almo■^l iinpos^ihle to read written 
assignment-, on the po. .r lil.ickhoard--. hecau^e ol the cross ra\^ of li,i;lit. 
In snuie ol ilic>e old liuildinLjs, in order to h,a\e more li,i;ht. two additional 
wind(.ws were ]ilaced in the door end. This made m.alters wor^e instead 
of better. 

"At hist, a L; inaioril\ of these hnildin^s were he.ated 1)\- lari^'e 
U(joii sto\es placed in the center ol the r.M,m. ( )ii coM day-, it kept one 
];ers(jn ahiiosi con-lanlK' hus\' canwini; in the wood and JiuildiiiL; the llrcs. 
The wood stoves ha\e been repkaced by coal sto\es. Ihi- method di heating 
wa- bad. Tho-e sealed near the sto\e would ,L;et too warm, while those 
scaled in llie reiiloie pari- of the rodui \\ ould alniosi 1 reeze. 

"The i|nestion of \entikalion was ne\er ihou-ht ^'i when these school 
houses were beiiii^ hiiilt. There was no i;reat scarcitv o| Iresh air, thoiiLjli, 
lor alter the-e building;- had been u-cd tw<i ■ u" three \ears. ihe openniL;- about 
the door-, window- and ni llie ikioi'- perniilled ample \eniilalion. 

"Tlie-e school houses were biiill in the main in ihe ceiilers of the most 
populous disiricis. III ordei' to .iccoinni' idale the ^fcate-l uuniber. k'or dif- 
ferent reasons the ceuiers of ]iopnl,atiou ha\e changed. d'his caused 
the abandiinmeiit of -onie school- and the ereclion of others. 

"Idle ei|nipinent id" the schools of tweiily \ears a,L;o has cliaii,i;ed as 
much as au\tlmi<; else. d he double seal ha- been replaced Ij}' the single 
seat, dheii the adinst.ahle seat was unknown. More charts, olobes and 
m;ips were purchased then ihan now. but luncli o| this ei|uipnient was of little 
\aliie. Ihe .icci '11111 iiil; law has made IrusUes more carelul in their purchas- 



iii,!^-. Many ^mih.I pictiifLS are seen uii the walls nf the sclmnl rodiiis today. 
This was not true twenty years aj^n. 

"Ill I)a\iess eonnt}- there is a i;reater per cent of the enunieratii ju 
ennilleil in the pnlilic sehndls than ever hel'ure. This is not true, lluini^h, nl 
the rin'al ekmentary schmiK. The reastjns fnr this are, thai there was hnt 
one hii^h sehool in the enunt\' twent)- \ears aijii, while today there is a hi.!_;h 
.school in nine of the ten townships of the connty. I'npils c(JinpK-te the 
wurk in the grades much Nnunt^er and then enter hii^h school ur qnit schc)ol. 

■'Xot onl\' is the per cent, of the ennineration enrolled ,L;realer Indaw hnt 
the per cent, of attendance of the enrollment is mnch greater than formerly. 
This is dne in a great part to the cumpnlsory attendance law. Parents, too, 
reali/e more th;m e\er the imporl.ance of edncaling llicir children. 

"in twenty \ cars the pei-soiincl <>( the leaching cnrp^ of the rnral seh.jols 
has alinwst entii'elx changed. ()l the (jne hnndred tw entx-lne teachers in 
the rural schonls of I )a\ie^s connt\- then, si'\ en are ol the leaching force 
tins \ear. ()t this nnniliei'. one i^ teaching in the same di'-lrict in which he 
t.anght lwent\' \ears ago. hut a new hnildmg h;is heen erected since that 
time. This teacher has not taught in this district all the'^e twenl}' xears, 
althnugh he has taught there se\c'ral terms. ( )n ;in .aver.age. the leaching 
lorce in the rural selhi.iK cil the cmuiiU' cliaiij.;es e\er\' hnir or ll\e \'ears. 
.Many ipiit teaching, .and llie i^real m,aiia"it\ mI the heller teacln'rs gel more 
ilesirahle ]iosilions. The rnral schools ;ire teachers' iraining schools for 
consolidated, town, and cit\' schools. The lieginning teacher id' today is 
much hettu' i|uah'lied the lieginning teacher of a score of years ago. 

"In uea.rK i.'\er\' w;i\-, lln' element,ir\- lairal schonls of the connU' ai"e 
heller than llie\ were two decades ago. This has heen hidughl ahout in the 
m.ain h\^ lielplul s,li(ii.l lei^isLition The cnmpuNors iiUendance law i.- and 
has hec'ii a large element m this ad\ancemenl. Alteud.ance ol'licers, maiiv 
tunes, :iw 11, it ;is iTlicieut as the\ niiL;lil he hecause the\ recei\-e UMihiiig iny 
Iraxcllnig expenses 1 he "peiali'iu ol the minunum U'lin law heen an 
elemeill in incre.isiug the eriiciencx of the le.icheis. d he law r.nsiug iIk- 
i|nalihc,LtiMUs Im- teachers lias heeii a help to the rnral schools, although 
man\' for whom it ilid the most gddd, ;ii fu st oppo>ed it. The s;initar\- 
school house l.iw h,as reNclnlioiii/ed the character of the school hnildings 
that are erected in the districts. It has meant much to the ]ili\sic:il 
weltare ol the children, d'he medical ins]ieciion law .and the uniform lext- 
hook law h;i\e e.ach coiitrihnted In the nplilt I'l the school. 

" hodax- there are ninely-lonr elemenlary scIiih.Is in l)a\iess couni\. 
'I his <l(jes not include the coiisoliilateil schonls. Tweiilv wars at^o there 


were one hundred twenty-ime. Six of tlie ninety-four sctiool I)niliiinc;s have 
two rooms. 'Jdiere are an e\en luindred teaehers employed to teaeii in these 
building's. 'rwent)-se\ en of these are teaehing for the hrst time. .\s required 
Ijy law, these beginners are high sehonl graduates rnid ha\e had a term (ir 
more of professional training. (July forty of the remaining si.Ktv have 
taught more than three years. Many of this forty whu ha\-e had fmu- or 
mure years of e.xperienee make teaehing a secondary matter. As a result 
the children luider their instructiiju do not get their best efforts. 

"The township trustees, in nearly e\ery instance, give mure attention 
to the town, C(jnst)lidated, and high scliools in their townships than to the 
'little red school house.' They e(iui]) the town, consoliilatcd, and high schools 
better and api>oint the l) teachers to them. This course lA action is 
causing man)' op[)onents of consolidation to fa\(a- it. 

■'The greatest need 0I the rural elemeutar\- schools is closer sn'perxd- 
siou. \'et great ad\ancement has been made along this line in the last half 
dozen _\ears. because of the trustees, county su])erintendent, and slate super- 
iuten<leni. The trustees ha\-e made the priuci]);ds of their consolidated and 
high schools the heads of all the schools of their townships. While these 
principals can gi\e no direct supervision, their efforts in this direction in the 
township institutes are ver\- helpful. The sl.ate course of studv and bulletins 
sent out by the state superuitendeut h,i\e very materially aided in unifying 
the work of the district schools. 

"Some of the teachers are making commeud.iblc efforts to present the 
subjects of agriculture and domestic science in a way that will be interesting 
and helpful to their inipils. The very great majority of the patrons are 
pleased that these sul)jeets are being taught. 

"Some of the things that are detrimental to the i)rogress of the district 
schools are the [practice of employing home teachers, irrespective of their 
(pialificatious ; those holding the lowest grade of license, and iiei'sonal and 
poluical friemls." 

i-:.\ui.v w.\siii.\(;i'o.\ sc"iiooi.s. 

It was a century ago John .\ikman taught the llrst school in Wash- 
ington. This was a "pay" school. This was the year before Indiana be- 
came a state, .\ikman taught another school the next }-ear, 1N16. Thomas 
Howard, a ^'ankee schoolmaster, succeeded .\ikman. The text-books then 

were not as \aried as now. The most used 1 k w;is the .American Spelling 

liook. .Some oi the ad\'anced pu[)ils studied the b'.nglish Reader and Pike's 


Col. Jolm Allen, with his larL;c laiiiih', ^cttlcil near W'ashinghjr, in 
December, 1816. Diulle\' jiihiisiji], his MUi-iii-law and an esiK-ciallv fine 
penman, was one of the hanilct's earl_\' teacher^.. Ali^nt this lime (-/\rus 
AlcCormick taught a ^^ch()lll in what was then the rresliyterian church. lie 
is entitled to the diitinctinu uf heiny the f:r,>t Latin teacher in lJa\iess 
county. 'J'his building stood just across the Bedford road from where the 
new high schoLil building now sla^d^. \\'illiam G. ('ole, L'harles .Mclntyre 
and Isaac 1 leaton weie other earl\- teachers. To encourage his jiupils, 
Heati.>n ga\'e rewards oi meiit lor esjiecially good w (jrk. Some ot his 
"J'Jew'ards of Merit, " in water colorb, are >lill kept as heirlooms in the fami- 
lies ot home (it his ])UpiK. 

I leaton'b immetliate succcsmd'.s were W. D. Shepard, a Scotchman by 
the name oi Damerel. l)a\'id .McMonald, allerwards a judge of the United 
Stales Court for Indiana; Iliram A. lliuUer, a ( 'umberland I're-b\'terian 
nunister, and l^naimel Van I ree^ .Miss Alare ('owardin .■is>isicd I tuutei". 
\'an Trees became iine of the connl\-'s first clerks of the circtut court and 
his records as such are niodeK ol UL-atuess. Succee<ling these were Patrick 
M. Ih'ell, in 1S31, kev. John (iiaham and l\e\ . L'aK in Ihitler. I'.rett was 
a great behex'er in the injunction, ".'~^pare the hkI and s])oil iIk- child." 
(iraham was a Scotchman and a l'.;iptist minister, lie was an expert with 
the jien and a fine linguist. lUitler was assi.^led in directing the bo\s and 
girls in the paths of knowledge during the year J 833 b\- l^li/ia AlcLoy. .\ 
i\liss llruiier taught in 1836 and Mary S. Chqjp in 1837. 

from 1831) to 1830, a Mis^ 1 ummings, Sarah A. Osgood, Thomas Bal- 
low, a .Miss bisk', josiah I'eck-. Mary .\nn llascoin, .Mice Belding amJ 
Michael lUirke were the teachers. 

IJuring the ne.\t ten years the teachers were: l\e\-. l"". Snell, an F.pisco- 
pal minister; W' Chase, Samuel (fice, a Miss Cressy, Delight W'elier and M. |ack>on. 

In 18(1 1, L'. I', i 'arsons, later (d' the I.'",sans\'i11e high school, attem]ned 
t<; establish a yemng hulies' academy, but this resulted in a failure. Xot long 
after this the w'onien of tiie town made anotlier attem])t to foiuid a secondary 
scIkjoI, with Samuel Loveless as the principal. The result was the same as 
in the first instance. 

Other teachers after this date were Ue\-. ( harles Cross, a Metln.jdisl 
minister; Mrs. J. Hlair Carnah.ui, Kev. James M. lierry, a Baptist minister; 
a Mr. and Mrs. Ibiwe, Rev. McCain, a I'resbytcrian ; Howard Williams,. 
Laura E. Aerm and Mrs. Laura Olark. 



In iS(i_|, R(.'\ . jdliu U. I'liillip^., a W'L-Kliinan ainl a Ilapti^t uiiiii;~tei\ 
was in cliarL^c. Tlie I'dlli i\\ inj; yvuv he and Mrs. T. \\. I'alincr lani^lil in 
a twii-hltiry ImiMinj; siinalcil un imrtliL-asl i'it'tli sd'uct. i'\jr the next l"fw 
wars I'liilli])s hail chavL'i.' at ihi- scniinar\'. Rchccra Wirt and Anna S. 
kcnncnlv were iiis a.s^l^tants. 

Sneceeihni^- these np tn i<'^74 were h'.dwaril Wi^e, the lh>t connt)' su- 
perintendent; Tolherl I'.arth I'. I', ("die and wife 

The _\ear \>>J4 marks the lieL;irininL; dl Washini^tMn's ,L;raded school 
system. At tliat lime John 11. ()'Xeall, jdhn llyatl ami I'hilip A, Spink 
were the sclindl trustees. TheN' appointed W. T. hr\' as superintendent of 
the scliddls and I lamlel Allen, prmeipal dl the lh,L;h schddl. J'"r\ served 
as supi-ruileiidenl Im" three veai's. I )manL; this time there were se\eti sepa- 
rate scliddl huildinL;s, situated in ihlfereiit |iarls nl the eUw I'he dkl hrick 
seminarw dn h'ast Walnut street, was the princi|/al Irnddm:.;. The n'rrule 
teachers duruiL; these thi'ee \ears were I iedi"L;e W . .Mdini, W. lla\s Jdhn- 
Sdii. "Al.arv I'.. Uarldn, l.anr;i I-:. .\:..;,in, Ophelia 11. Udddieh, 1). M. (.eetiiii^-. 
T. T. I'rinj^le, jdlni .\. (leetiiii;. .Mrs. Anna ( '. Alelinire. Laur.a h". Ladd. 
Sarah A^an, h.mina Trimhle and W'ilsi'ii .'^. I 'a\is. 

sr i'i'.i;ii\ri:.\iii;\ rs .\xm cut .xch'.m.s. 

W. T. I''r_\', the first superiiiteiideiit. wild ser\ed ffdin i N74 until 1S77, 
he-ail the w dik df t;raihn,L; tln' schddl-,. lie was smeeeded 1j\ 1 >. l-'.ekley 
lliinier, u lid served t iMin 1N77 until |S,S3. Me was dUe ipI the prduiinent 
edncaldi-s ,,\ the st.ate and did much td advance the schodls df WashiuL^ldii. 
Ilniiler was siieceeiled hv W ilh.ain I'. Ildttinann, wild w;is the princip.'d of the 
hi^li schddl at the time df his pidnidiidn in the siipenniendencv. The scIkkjIs 
Cdiitinued td advance itnder the supermtendencv dt lidtlmann. W . I'. Ax- 
tell, an Indiana rniveisiiy t;r;idnate and princi]Ml d 1" ihe hi-h siiidd], -uc- 
eeeded I I dl 1 1 ii.inii m c'^iji. \\tell diierted the ediual affairs df the 
citv uiilil 0)1.1. when he was snect-edeil hv l'.u,i;ene M. .\lerriman. wild is the 
su]jerinteiident at this writing;. 

I lamlel .Mien, the first |iriiKipal ni the \w^\\ sehddl, 1.-, sduietimes e;dled 
"The leather df the Washim;tdn IIil;Ii Schddl." ,ind he well deserves this 
title, lie drL;atn'/ed it and has served as its princi]ial twenty-six years. 1 Fe 
was frdin 1N74 until 1S71). lie succeedeil li\ I', (i. .Mfcird, 
who served duriiiL;- the }ear iS7i)-iSS(). Kdhert ( '. I )une,ui and William J. 
N'iiTei'v were .Mfdrd's successdfs. 'fhey served hut ,a each. In |8S_> 
William !■. ridffm.ami was eleeted td the prineiii.dship. lie served until 



18(^3, when he wa.s pr(jni( iIlmI tu the MipcrinteiKkiKW Wilhain l'\ AxtcU 
Miccceded ] lullitiaiin ami m.i\c(1 until 1NM4, when Ik- again succecilcd llLil'l- 
niann, hut llu^ time as >u[)criiilein.lcnt. 1 lanilel Allen was again elected lo 
the priiiciiialship in 1S04. lie serxed cuiuinuously ni this pcjsilinn Iri/Ui that 
date until 11J15. 


The ad\anee fruni Washington's lug schonl liiiilding in 1S15 to her 
splendid nuMlern high selinol luiilding nf [1)15 marks her prMgress ti' it cnlv 
in the edueatmnal field, Iml almig nther lines a■^ well. I Jnring this eeiiturv 
i)f prugress Washingti Jii has used iiearl) all kinds cif huildiiig.s t'ur schdul 
])urp( Smnetinies it was a log huilding, sunietinies a I'lainc', s^nietinies 
a hriek. ."si unetiines the hnilding was erected In lie n^ed i<<v scIuh.I purposes, 
sniiu-linies it was intended to he 11-ed as a place ot worship, Mnuetinies for 
a dwelling place, and sotnetiines for ;i place of hiisiness. L'ntil llu- erection 
of the high school and grade huilding on \'\';iinul street in ^^y'<-J~. the old 
seminary huilding. which stood oil the .same site, w:i> the nio>t ]ireleiitious 
structure lor school purposes that Washington had e\er had. 'rin> gr.ided 
^chol)l huilding was a splendid hriclv structure, three si,,ries in heigfil and a 
liasemeni. It was liiiill in i.Sj^. .at a cost of \t,n\ thous.-uid dollars. Such 
a iiuilding now w(juld cost more than twice that anionul. I his huilding was 
dcstri wed ii\' fire in iNi^j. 

.\t once ihe tru-iees liegan ]'lanning and erecting what is now known 
as the luniof High School huilding. 'I'his huilding is (ju the site ii\ the 
semiii.iry huilding. which was loin down, .and the high scIukjI ;iud grade 
huilding. which hnrneil in 1S1J7, It 1-, located ;u the norihwrst corner (ji 
Walnut and .\orlhe,-isi Sexeiith street. 

'fo hetler |)ro\ide foi the nee<U of the high scl 1. the pre^enl coin- 

lUodion-. .luil iii.Mkiii high sch'iol hmlding. at llie Corner of Walnut .ami 
Si \tli slreels. w a> erected in H ,1 1 J- h ; 1 _:;. at a cost of ahout si \i \-fi\c thousand 

The .Sipuihvide gr.ide huilding erected in iNod. at a co-,t ,,\ ahout 
lwenl\-h\e thous.uid dolkirs. Il i-- a hricl-; jjuilding. two stories hiqh. wiili 
a hasenieiil. and has nine room^, Il i^ a handsome structure, loi.aieil on 
Soutlieast 'I'liird •-ireet and .'^oulh^ide a\enne. 

The West fiid gr.ide hnilding was greath' d.aniaged h\ fire in iSijo. It 
\sas remodeled and repaired to meet modern rt-(|nireiuents. It is a hrick' 


>truclurc of two slurius anil cniUain.-, nine ruunis and a liascincui. Jl is lu- 
cated at tlie soiitliwx'St corner of \'an Trees and Xoriheast liightli streets. 
The C(jlored scliiiol building is located on West Walnut and Xinlh 
streets. It i> a brick building, two stories bigli, with two rooms. It is not a 
modern structure. 


As has been stated\c, the Washington schools ha\e made great 
progress in so lar as the buildings are ccmcerned. in other wa\'s they lia\e 
made equal advancement. 

In 1S74 there were eight hundred and twenty-seven pupils enrolletl, 
with au axerage atleiulance ol three hundi'etl and litty-se\'en. In iyi4, fcirty 
}'ears later, there was au enrollment <.il one thousand lour hundred and 
se\-eut_\'\ en, with an as'erage attendance ol one thousand two hundred 
and fort)-lwo. In the high .school m JS74, there were forl_\-rue enrolled and 
fort}' years later there were two humlrei-l and eighty enrolled. 1 here were 
^e\ en in the lii>t graduating cla.^s and lilty-lour in the class cif 1915. 
Se\en hundred ninety-two ha\'e graduated from the high schciol. In 1874 
there was one high school teachei" and in 1^14 ihcre were fifteen. 

The course id' study lias been extended until it includes the regular 
classical course, which prepares its students for entrance into the best uni- 
\ersities, and a department ol manual training, domestic science, nuisic, art, 
and a business ci 'urse. 

The school has made an einiable record in athletics as well as along 
literar\' lines. Its football team has won the state chainpionsliip twice and 
its track team has done equally as well. 

In i<'^74, Tlaiulet Allen constituted the high school faculty. In 1914 
it cousisied ,,{ Ilamkt .Mien, geometry, luhth Wood. Latin; C. C. Rhodes, 
< iermau and chemi-'ir\' ; II. .\. Sass, histor\'; \\ ile\' Ilitchcock', science; 
l.claud lUirroughs, I'jiglish ; Madge ^ enne. I'.uglish; Rust, algebra; 
ITliel Reeve, cooking; L. II. Ab.iorman, manual training; Airs, bdi/abeth 
Alerrim.ui, sewing; Alary Wright, commercial course; May \L Kobinson, 
art; W b'.. Dillard, music; Carl McWilliams, agriculture. 


l'~lnora is one of the newest towns of the county. The dex'eU.ipnienl 
of its school system is, therefore, a thing of recent >ears. "Owl Town" 
h;id ne\-er a school. The few ])U]iils who li\ed here were distributed 


among tlic nearby sdiuols of Elmore township, tlie Xugenl dislrict. taking 
the most of them. There was no scliool in what is now tlie town of h'.hiora 
until 1S87. 

In the latter year Harvey Manning, trustee of ['".Imore township, eslah- 
lisheil ilislriet i\'o. 9, and linilt a one-room frame Imilding, and appointed 
1\. W. Wadsworth as teacher. 'I'his building still stands and is being used 
as a Ijoardmg house. The enrollment the first _\'ear was se\ ent\-tw(j, and 
the average daily attendance was forty-two. The following year the build- 
ing was eiilargetl an<l Lee Wadsworth and ITnma Allen were appointed 

Albert ]\lalone and b!lla Crosby were the teachers for the vear 1889-90. 
The enrollment for this term was one hundred and one. with an average 
daily attemlance of sixty-one. In the autumn of iSijo, |. Sherman W'est- 
hafer took charge of the sclio(T W'esthafer wa> app'iinted principal for 
the following year. The enrollment for the year 1801-9-' was one hundred 
and thirty-two, and the a\erage daily attendance was eighty-live. Two 
teachers were emplo\'ed. 

.\l the beginning of the school year i8()j-i)_:' the town took o\er the 
school. W'eslhafer was retained as pi'incipal by the town school board for 
one year, when he was succeeded by lliram 1. Williams, oi Ragles\ille, 
who was principal for one year, and he was succeeded b\' ]. S. \\■e^thafer. 
During the >car t894-(;5 three teachers were employed. 

In the }ear 1893 the south half of the ])rcsent school building was 
erected. Ida l'am])bell the lirst ])rincipal in the new building, ser\'ing 
from 1895 to 1898. l'|) to this lime the school work done here was similar 
to that done in the district sclioi,!-,. L'nder Miss ( ';un]ibeirs administrali( jii 
a more s)slem<atic clas>iric:ition ol pupils was made .•md the beginning of a 
high >clio, il course w a-^ iiiticuhued I'upiU were re(|nireil to form liuc- ,iiid 
lU.irch uit'i the biulduii; in .■111 i.rderb manner; lhi> w;i-- ,1 new departure m 
school management. :uid met with objections on the part of p.urous. L'nder 
the ch.arge of l'rinci])at .\. ( >. '''ulkersou in i8i)8-i)(j, the organiz.'iliou work 
of ^fiss rampbell was exteiidol and the course of study was augmented b\- 
aclditioiial high school work'. 

Uol.ind I). W'iuk'lepleck was elected ])rinci|):il in i8i)(; .and ser\ed one 
)"car. The te.iching force was at this time incre;ised from four to l"i\e teach- 
ers, l^leuieutarv Latin, civil goxernmcnt. general histor\-, ]iiivsical geogra- 
liiiy. kaiglish and algebr.a were the oiil\' high school subjects taught at 
this time. 

i)A\ ii:ss corx I \-, ixDi \\ A. 

I^'eiitim r>. William^ \\a> prmciiial fnun njoo in h)()j, an<l littK- cliauyc 
was iiiaik' liy him in iIk' Iiii;!! .m'IimoI wurl^. The ciirnlliiR'nl was iiUTcasint^ 
rapidlx' al this tiiiK', aiiil six Icaihcis were eni|)lii\ecl \<iv the \ear nf njoi-j. 
kc)hei"t J. (lire was appdiiiled assisiaiu pniK'ipal in iiym. ]-eniainini; in ihal 
cajjacit)' l(ii' ihree _\e,ns. 'I he prineipal ami as-.istanl had ehari;"e •>(' the 
hit^li schnol wdi'k and the eiL;hlh tirade 

In ii)<ij |. I'".. < iarten heeaine prineipal lur a lei'ni i.t Iwo \ears. The 
hi;4h M'li'Hil w-(irl< was extended h\- ( iarleii until it nieluded three years (j1 
wuik-; the lentjlh ul' the sehmil lerni nnw was one hnndred and lwent\' da\'s, 
and the annual Nalarv ol the )iruieipal was three luindred and >ixl\' cl.illars. 

ki,liert ( . Ilarris, iidw m| iIk- manual traiuini; lii.L^h sehnul, Indiau- 
ap(ili.>, wa-, prineipal Im' the \ear nl ii;i)4-(i5. and W dev I I itehei n'k', now 
111" ihe W ashing;!'!!! \wj^\\ seluHil. was assistant prineipal, hdr the lirsl time 
pupiU were L;raduated Iroui the 1i',l;1i sehnol in k^o^. the .graduates heiuu; 
Mdt'in r>. .\n,L;ent and Ada llanv I )ean M. Inman was cliMsen ])rmeipal in 
1i)()t and \\ile\' llilihenek assistant ]irinci]ial: the periml nl' atlend- 
anee at this lime was leiiL;lhened in i nie hundred and ](ii'ty-li\e da\-. 

In iijod the teaehiui; lUree was iuereased li> se\ en teaehers. Dean M. 
Innian was einplii\ed as su])ermienilent and ( harles MeAlullen as jirineipal 
(if the lniL;li sehtM.l, The hiL;h selinnl enui-se was made to enuliirui In the 
re(|uirements ut the state lioard nt' edueatmu |Tr ei mimissiMned hii^h sehmils. 
Iiir the lirsl liiue twn teaehers debited their entire time In the hinh seliniil. 
the emdlluient in the hi,L;h si IimmI at this l.eini; tw eiit y^three pu]iils, while 
the leii_L;lh nl" the term was eMemled In uue hundred and sixty days. Inman 
and MeMnllen were in ehar.ue until hkh;. In ]()(fX the hiL;li sehiml was 
eertilied Iw the state Imard nl" eilueatimi. 

I 'nr the year 1 1 j( h i- 1 1 1 i "1\ de I". Aiuiek. n l" Scipin. Indiana, was euiplnyed 
as siipermtendeiit and < harles MeMnllen as prineipal \t this time nmsie 
and drawing were added In ihe emirse and the IiilT .elmnl was enmniis- 

In |i;i ^ a new sleamdiealiiii^ system was installed and a liasenient mum 
fitted up I'nr a manual traiuin- simp, the w nrk in trainiui^ liein- 
eniilined tn the se\eiith and eii^luh i^rades. In 11)14 an .additmnal mmn 
was limll tn he used hv the dniuestie seieiiee ekasses. The eiirnllmeiit m the 
hi-h sehnni l"nr the \e,ir 11JI4-13 was lifty-six |iupils, a .i^aiii nl' nue luindred 
and fnrt\-three per eeiit. sinee \()n(>. d'he year 11)15 eniu]ileted the sixth 
\ear nl" .Xmiek's ser\ iees as snperinleudeul nl" the I'dimra selmnls. i 'harles 
.Me.Miilleu retired Imiu the selmnls in 1 ij 1 5 alter .serving nine years as 



■rill': oDox sriiDiii. 

'J'he l'(jll(_i\\ in^ sketch nf the (Idnii seh(i(il.-> was prepared fur the iin/st 
part h\- lames \\. (iarteii for '//;,■ ih/oiiian. the annual issned liy the L;rad- 
uatini;- class >>i ic)i5 ui the ( )d(>n hi,L;h schtiol: 

"A frame sehi>i)l house was huilt in the }'ear 1S31) mi the s^uth side 
I'f what Is niiw h'ast Main stieel, (Jijon. It was nut \er\- lai'^e, a^ e\ery 
stick of tiniker thai went into it was hauled from the saw-mill at nue load. 
The lirsl teachef was a knii^hl of the hirch named Sheik)-. 

".\t tliat time the Mc(iulfe\ leaders and s[)ellin,<; honks and the Ray 
arithmetics were iiist liei;mninL; to couic into use. Ihen it was neci'Ssary 
for a teacher to know how to make -oo.-,e-(|uill pens. Ilislory and physi- 
olo^\- were \el to appear in a course of study. The three l\'s were coui- 
niouK- niassaL;iMl into ihr pupil's s\stein, with a lilirral anouitiiiL; of liickor)- 
oil. The N'outh of that da\' was laii^ht to read in a loiid declamalor_\- tone 
of \-oiee, and to spell liiii^e wnnls w ithout liattinj; an e\e or ujaiiiin- the I aim est 
L;liinmcrinL; of their meanini;. I'.ut il was in practical hie that he gained 
his real education. lie found lliai plowing in siiiin|)\ ground slreUL^theneil 
ami increased his \ ocalmlaiw ; that pl:i\uiL; niarhk.-s ami se\cii-iip de\elope<l 
the mathematical faculU; and that nothing; is sueh a siur.ulanl to k.iiL^lish 
coni])osition as \\ritin.L; letters to a lellow's hest ,L;irl. 

"It was still more than two L;eiierations to the nearest concrete sidewalk. 
( )don was not ( )don at all. hut < karkskur;^. and the postoflice was not e\en 
I larksliur-, hut (kirk's I'rairie. .\ single street, now .M.aiii street, with ,1 
few houses ;ind one modest store com]irised the entire town, d'he nearest was at lledford. The first hii^^t^y was \ et to he made. ^■<lun,L; 
couples went jov-ridiiij; in o\-carls. (kjlhiii'; was honiespun : hooks were 
fiw, and li o iiiiich respected to he w i<lel\ read: (here v\ere deer and w il<l 
IiiikcNs 111 .ihuiidaucc on ihe prairie sniilli and wesi ol die town. 

" \fler (■lie hrief lerm of service the -chool house \\a^ desiro\ed hy lire, 
and it was n,,t until iS^o that a huildini; was erected to replace it, kite 
seci^nd school house huilt on the hill north of .Main street .and .a sliort 
distance west of the lirsl. It was ;i l,ar;^er and more amhitious structure 
th.ui its predecessor. I apt /. \ . ( iarteii ami the late llowanl ('r')oke, who 
were then in husiness in ( larkshiirL;, coiitrilmted all ihe material for the 
hnildini;, and .Miles ke\nolds ,and I .apt.ain ( larieii did ihe car]ienter work. 
The school house was to he used for reli^^ious ser\ ices and all |inl>lic L;aih- 
erin,iL;s, as well .is for .ill educational work. It witnessed tlu' advent ol .Spcn- 
ceriati steel pens, desks ni.ade lo seat two pujiils each, iii.ips ;md i;lohes. 


"In 1N73 a twu-stiir}- brick Iniildino- was liuill. It sIihkI heside ami east 
of tlie okl frame structure. Tliis buil(liii<; had hut two rooms at first, which 
were much longer than the_\' were wide. It took a liefly kid to throw a 
pajier wad from one end of his school ronm to the other. The dii(M- was 
in the south end of the huilding opening into a small hall\va\'. ileiiry I'l. 
Kohr was the lirst teacher to preside 'up-stairs,' while Alexander O'Dell 
was in charge on the hrst llijor. There was no eltort made to grade the 
schools except by the readers used. llar\ey's ]'jiglish (irammar, Ray's 'I'hird 
I'art Arithmetic and .\nderson's History (if the L'uiled States were being- 
used about this lime. 

"It was early in the eighties that the school building underwent some 
modifications. The door in the south enil was clo.^ed up, the lower room 
was divided by a partition, and twn doors were pl;ice<l on the west side. 
Due of these admitted into what afterward came to be l<nown as the inter- 
mediate room and the other opened into the piMmar\- r<iom and ga\e admis- 
sion t(j the stairway." 

As near as can be ascertained, the lirst group of teachers was S. 1'. 
I'los'd, iKJW etlitor of the fhiiicss Coiinty nciiiocrat , principal; Mar\' Camp- 
hell, intermediate, and (darinda Wilson, jirim.'uw. .Aiiiong the earl\' princi- 
pals were Caleb ()'l)ell, Hugh iMiiikhoUser. j. W. .Stotts, Joel Hanner ;ind 
W. |. loliuxiii. Johnson was succeeded by Czr;i .M,itlingl\-, It wa> .Mat- 
tiiiglx- who decided to iiold some commencement exercises. The common 
branches, algebra, ]ih\sical geogra|)h\-, ci\il government and bookkeeping 
comprised the first high scIk.ioI course. It was but one short }-ear in length, 
ddie textdxioks used were Ray's Higher .Vrithmetic, Schuyler's Algebra, 
.\nderson's Manu;d of ('i\il Covernineiit. llry.ant and Strattou's High 
.School Rookkeeping. llolbrook's ( ' and lleustoifs I'hvsical 
( iCi igr.iphw 

■■ Ihe bii-l .\iiiiual t 'oiumeiicrmeiil of the ( )doii I'ublic .Schools." ;is 
the proi;ram reads, was held at ".StoyS ( )pera House. Salurdaw evening, 
.March ;, 1 , iNSS." '1 his was the biggest eilucational event that ( hlou had 
ever seen. .\ commencement speaker was not emploved, but each candidate 
for ;i iliploina recited an es-ay. called ;i "" 'flie le.aehers that 
vear were I'.zra .Mattinglv, itrmcipal : John R. ( rook-e, intermediate, and 
(darinda Wilson, primary. .M.itiingly remained as principal until iN(K), 
when he was succeeded bv Tipton. fi]iton served as principal but 
one year. His successor was ddioma- Reuti^n Ceorge. ( leorge was the last 
principal of the old building on tlie hill. 



It was in ihi.' suniiucr of iSt)_' that llic |jrcscnt scliuol Iniildiiig was 
begun. When tlie time came lur the faU term to begin the new buikhng 
was not yet complete and the old one h.u.l been disposed of. 'ihe various 
teachers were (juartered in (.lillerent parts of tnwn. 'I he high school, with 
j. .\. .\le.xander as principal, occujiied the oi)era h'Ui^e. .\le.\ander re\i\'ed 
the high schiiol work and, to a great degree, started tlie ()ilon schools in 
the direcli(in nl their present efficiency. 

.\fter the Christmas Imlidays the schools were assembled in the new 
building. In the .^jjring a commencement was held b\' Alexander fur the 
graduates in the conininu branches; this \\a^ the hrst conimencenient e\ er 
held m .Mailisun tnwiiship fur eighth-grade graduates. 

I'lir the \ear iiSi),V'J4 Charles Williams was [)riiici|)al. lie dropped 
some (if the high schnol sulijecls taught Iw Alexander, but still olfered a 
mixed eighlh-grade and high -.chiml cnur^e. \\ illi.anis was fdllnwed li\ 
IbiW.ard (lark, who remained ])i-mcipal until the clu^e of ihu schiml \-ear uf 
iSi;0-(;7. Muring ihe last twn \e;ii's dl his ser\ice his wife, .Mrs. Lenura 
(lark, taught a part nf the eommon br.anches ;uid a few high school sub- 
jects, her husb.and being the hv>[ prmci]>al in dexntc hi> entire time to high 
schiHil work. The (larks extended the high >chi/ol u 'urse of stud\-l to two 
}'ears" work'. 

.•>. W. .'salterlleld became the ]irincipal in the fall of iSij- ;md held 
ihe piisilinn two \ears. nu!"ing his second \-car he added a tliiril \ear's 
work to the course of studw 

W' .\bel became the head of the schools in the f.all of \H>)'). (Jn 
the contract he is called a "super\ising princi]ial." The tollowing vear the 
course of stud\' recei\ed its lourlb \ear ot high school work'. .\bel was 
gi\en the title of •superintendent the next year, John .^atlei'lield was the 
principal. I 'uring the winter ot loot Satterlield resigned on accoimt I'i 
dl he.iltli, and the \acanc-y w;i- tilled by b'dwai'd W. I'ennelt. 

The hjoi term with .\liel a^ su])ei-intendent and llennett as jirin- 
cipal. .\bout the middle t>i the .--cliool year .\bel resigned and llennett was 
proniote<l to the superintendenc\ . with iulgar .\. ()d)ell as the principal. 
A high school commission was secured late in the year. 

Xo ch.ange was made in the supeiinteudency or princi])alship for the 
\ear |i)o_'-ii_:;. The next \ear !■'. .\1. .MctOnnell became superintendent and 
.\rthur .Maxlield was principal. This an-angement rem.ained until the early 
])art of the \ear i')<)3-0'), when .Mc( onnell resigned to accept ;i situ.alii'U 
in .Ma\ field became superintendent, with (irant ('all.ahan as the 


|)riiicipal. Fn 1906 an aildition was Imill lo the scIkmiI ImilcliiiL;-. This gave 
three new rmims, one of which is ti>eil as the assenihU- room. AhnlieM re- 
signed the snperintemlency in the spring of njoS and l.awreiiee Maher was 
elected to the \'acanc\. lie ser\ed for two \ears, 

J. W. (iillas])ie, the present snperintcndenl, was elected in njio. L^ider 
his efficient supervision the sclnicK have nia<le conimendaljle progress. 


ST. .Simon's schqoi,, WAsiiixcrox. 

Ahont 1811J, a few Catholic families had settled in the \iciiiil\ of Wash- 
ington. In 1S37 thi.A were nnileil int<i a IhhK' under the care "f hather 
Simon l.alnmiere, lor whom the church and schoul were named. Ivither 
l.ahnniere huilt a church in iN.^S, which stuiMJ a lilile farther north on the 
lot where the chnrcli now stands. 

The first L'athnlic school was held in the liasenient nf the chnrch and 
was attended li\- hoth l)o\s and .i^irls, the i^irls silling on one side and the 
lj(.)ys on the (Jther. It was taught li\- the I'.rolliers. 

( )n Se])tenilier Jd, I(S57, St. SiuKJii's .\cailem\- for girls was fonmled 
hy the Sisters of l'ro\ideine from St. Mary's nf Hie Woods, father L'hasse 
was pastor at this lime. file Sisters occupied a small hrick' house lulonging 
to the father, which stood on llelrMU sireel heuveen ihe sclin.ii and the 
church and laced the east. .\t lirst the Sisters lauL;hl in an nld frame house 
which siHid 1,11 the ciinicr i.j .'-Second and llelrnn sireets, 'lliere were four 
Sisters ein])loyed; one taught the Imys mi the firsi llour, 1 lue taught the 
girls on the secdiid iloor. one taught music and one \\as the housekeeper, 
who assisted in teachmg. I'he ]iiesent acideiiu w;is huilt in i'*^75 h\- the 
Sisters and the old frame huildiiig was mo\ed h.aik and il was repkaced in 
10 It) li\ the new w ing. 

In iSoS. ,1 hoys' school was conducted on ITisi llefron street. It was a 
small Iraine struclnre .and schmil \\;is held liere until 1N75. d'he teachers in 
this huilding were Hugh .M . (.'nigley. iSh.S n, 1X70; I ie. ir-e 1). Kellev, I .S70 
to 1H74; .Matthew f. I'.urke, 1S74 to 1S75; I. (ileasnii, 1S73 to iN7,S. 
While (ileasoii was teaching, llie ne\\, facing rnirlh on llefron street, 
lietweeii first and Second streets, was finished. file folkiwing teachers 
taught here: JmIui J. ( ilea.soii, f. .\1. Walker, ' ('i-oss(.n, ihe I'.rMihers. 
John I). Kelly and John J. I'.airett. In iN()', the Sisters took cmiplete 
charge and contiuue<l to teach the ho\s until they reached the eighth grade. 

L'ndi'r Ikirrell three l)o\s gradu.a.ted. 'fhe\ were John Jnidan, in iS(>_'; 
Thomas Howler and !'"rank f itz|)atrick, in i>^')^. 

ri.wii:>s (.1)1 xrv, ixdiaxa. 


'J'lie lir^t coiiiiiicin.'ciiK'iU nf Si. Siiium's Acadcni)- \va> Ik-M in iSqii. 
Mayinc ll<i\ic, Julia Uiicy ami Tillic (lers were llie ^raduales, (Jne m" more 
lia\c rnii>lii.-il llic ciiiir^e e\ery year since. 

The nlil ^ell.ll)l lor liuys was turn down in i<;i;^ an<l replaceil li\- the 
niciilerii cninnuiiliuns hnildin^ which now stands at the curner oi .Seccmd and 
Ilet'ron streets. This hiiildini;- was dedicated hy haiher iJdland mi Deceni- 
her (i. It) 14. 

( ^hi■^ article was prepared 1)}' Miss Katharine \\ Us'in, a teacher in 
the puhlic scluidl^. ) 

ST, .\l.\KV's CI-.UMAX SCIKIOl., \V.\S 1 1 1 X( ;T0N. 

In iS7_:;, ahnut iliirly (lerinan fannlio withdrew frdin St. Siniun's 
chiH-ch and fnrnieil a separate CMii-re-atiuii. rhe\ IiMnt^ht a site upun which 
t.) erect a church, schnol and parsmia-e at the curner uf \';iii Trees and West 
Seciiiid streets. 'I he hrst (ivrinan school was held in 1S7,:;, in the K'eller 
house, a little two-rooin I'rame house acros> from the clun-ch. Sister Bloii- 
dina was the teacher, 

in 1S74 and 1N75. the school was ni the hack part of ihv church where 
the choir steps now are, A hoard ])etition was creeled lietweeii the church 
and the school room, which luid (july a few henches. Later, prohahly in 
l.S/d, the school was moved to a little frame hou.,e. west uf the church. 
This had heen the pastor's residence; it had two >niall rooms, so the parti- 
tion was taken out to mai<e one larger room. 

lather Sassel iau,L;lit the -chool him.^ell for a link. Later, the Congre- 
t;ation huilt a new room at the hack, and .Mi-^s Marv .Miller l.auyht the lower 
{grades tor a }ear o|- two. 

In iNNi. the pre-cni hrick -chool east ut the churcli was erected. This 
tunldiiii; hi.l iwo ro,.m->, one up siaiis and one down. It ha.-, heeii reiiioil- 
eled >iiue and Uh idern impro\ rii lenls addc'l. The i> now in the care 
of the- Slater-, of I 'ro\ iilence. 

ST. i'i-.'ri:i^'s sC'iiooi,, .Mo.xrco.Mi-.Kv. 

riie exact period when the first ]iarochial -chool was t.aiiLiht at ."^t. 
I'etcr's, .Monii;ouiery, ha- iioi heen determined, hut it is certain that a loo- 
school liuildiuo- was located near ihc prc-eiil cemeler\- of tin- church. Sclio, ij 
was held in tlii.-- lniildiuL;' hefore \H^o. 

It was durin- the sprint ,,f 1S33 and 1N31 th;it .M.arv .\. C)'lxa\a- 
n;iu-h. afterwards .Mrs. Raphael W'athen, :i youiii^ Irisli hiss fnun hjinis- 



curtli)-, Cuiinty Wexford, Ireland, wlio liad .L^raduated from a >oun!4" ladies' 
seminary of that town, tauu;hl a snl)SLTi[ilioii school here for i-"ather I'iers. 

Alioiit 1N75, a t\\o-i-oom hrick school house was hnilt on the site of the 
present i)arochial school huilding. The hrick from the (jld church which 
stood on the church f;irm, and which is hut a short distance west f)e_\-ond the 
limits of the town of AlontyMuiery, were used in the construction of this 
twii-rooni huilding;'. heather I'ierce erected thi> huilding'. 

'I he present couuueidious school huildiuL; \\a> erected ahout IIJ05 1 ly 
I-'ather Alatlhews. The Sisters of rrovidence tauylit in this huildiny three 
or lour 3 ears. At present a ]iarochial school is not maintained. 

llili CUCXTY SI-:.MI.\"AKY. 

It was the ide.a of the '/arly educators of the state that the county 
seminaries w eix- to lurnish opporlunilies f(jr the ho\ s .md twirls to ^et what 
would now he termed a hiL;"h school education. In (.rder lo provide fi 'r these, 
lines hefore justices ol the peace, circuit courts, forfeitures, etc.. were to 
he uscil to lound and maintain a county seminary. 

As soon as the eoiuity was orijanized, funds l)e_t;an to accunmlate. 
These lumls were placed in ch;u"i;e (if a trustee lo m;uiai;e. Rohert Oliver 
was one ol the lirst li'ustees in I );i\iess counlv. lie screed over ten years, 
lie was succeeded hy Lewis joue--. In Januarv, iN;;j, ()]iver reported the 
total amount of the fund to he S3().|.j40j, ,,i which ."^i^Sd. 1 1 ■;:( was cash 
on h.inil, and Si iX.fij'j in the foi-m id' notes diavviuL; interest, (in Septcni- 
her I, 1N41, the fund had increased until it amounted to .Sj,_:^,S4.( 17. .\ lot 
was houj^hl m \\';ishini.;ton in I'^s.^N, upon winch to erect ;i seminary huild- 
int,'. .\ two-stor\ hrit-k huildinj; was he.nun proliahlv in iS_:;i;, hut was not 
finished until 1841. .\t thai time the trustees. .Sanuiel J. KcKo :ind William 
(1, ( ole. madi' the followinL; repovi : l(iial fund received to ."seiilemher, 
1S41, ^j.^>>^.i)j ; paid to Colli ractors, .S-',5.'^4.t;7, leaviui.; _ycI due the contrac- 
tors, ,^11729.01; total cost of seminary, grounds, etc., ^,^313.9^. 

Troiihle arose over the m.anagemenl ol the hinds. Jephtha UoutI, in 
1S44, ohlained a iudgment in the circuit court for two liundred dollars and 
sixtv-two cents, lie proceeded to levy upon the seminary huilding to satisfy 
the judgment, lie was p.aid part id ihe judgment ,md given assurance that 
the remainder would he forlhcoming. d'he property was yet heavily en- 
cumhered. .\ sheriri's sale in some mannei- vv;is ordered and ( hought 
crrlain rights. In Septemlier, 1X4(1, he paid lour hundred and twenty 
dollars and eiglilv cents for all his claims. .\l Ihe .\pril lenn ol court in 

fv i! 


''.| iri rpn-jl 




1844, "TIk' Slate on the relation ul" All'ied l)a\is T'.s-. Tlionias (jraliani, lohn 
B. Coleman and Charles 1'". Wells" was liled. A judgment of li\e hundred 
dollars was rendered against the defendants, but the Legislature in some 
manner annulled it. 

Under the constitution of 185-', county seminaries were sold and the 
proceeds were placed in the common school fund. The I )a\ less ( ount y 
Seminary was sold at auction on Deccmher 12, 183^;, to |ames S. Mcjrgan 
for one thousand (juc hundred and eighty dollars, lie failed to pa\- ami in 
.April, 1833, the pr<i])erl\' was sold to the town of Wasiiingtcjn for ti\'e 
Iiundred tloUars. It was used hv the town for a i)ul)lic school huildiu". 

CIIAI'Tl'R Xl\' 

Till-; i;i:.\cii .wmj bar. 

Tlie Daviess county circuil C'lnit \va> c>l:ililir^liLil in iSij. On Ajiril 
21, ut tliat year. Cdurt i_<ui\ ciiLil for llic time, in (lie Iioum.- i.f Alcxan(li.T 
r.rncL'. li.calcd nn the -i.ulhea^t cnrner nt Mam and Secwud blreet^. 'I'lie 
l)re,-.ideiit judLje \\'a-> W'dliam I'rince, then a re>idei!l (it rrineeliin, (iih^on 
euimiy. Jnd^e 1 'i nice \\a^ a man i)r(_>nnnein in a^^all^ enmieeted with tiic 
earl)' >eltlement nf JiKhana terriKiry. With liie ciimmi,>>inn ul captain, he 
^er\ed Mil ihe -lalT i>l lieneral al tlie hatlle <<i 'lippecani n.-, and 
\\a^ allerward ap|i.,inled a^ Indian a-ent liy Harri^.in. with heailijiiariers 
al \'iiKenne-. llien the ea[iiial mI liidiiiiia lerrin irw lud-e i'ritice \\a> aUn 
hnid ayeiil and liad nuuii tu det willi the uryani/.alu m of sevenil uf the 
conntie> in tlie m >ntli\\ e>leni jiari nl' the .-tale, and the iMcaiion ut cnuntv 
^eat:^. He was une of the coniinis.sioners appointed to locate the count)- 
>eat of (hliMHi count)-, .and \\;l^ honored in ha\irii4 the town ( I 'rincelon i 
named alter him. 

In the oi^ani/atioii of the earl) court, the l.ench■wa^ i''inpo-Ld of a 
president jud'^e and two a-i>ociate jud-es. d"he two a-Miciale jnd,L;es of the 
liiM I )a\ie-~ c.iuijt)' court were William II. Kontt and James (j. Read. 
I'.nianuel \ an Iree^ w.a-- ap]ioiiited clerk. ' ieorLje R. ( '. .Sulliwaii^ priKccnlin^' 
.attonie)'. and Ohed Ihiit, -henll. llie lir-l strand iur\ w a> composed of 
.sex'eiueen "i;ood, true and l.iwliii men," wlio-e names .are as follows: lohn 
.\ikmaii. .\le\:inder Ihaice, |o-epli I'.iiue. Jo-vph I liad f. .rd, Samuel chan- 
nis, Dennis ( l.irk, hrceland. |).i\id lloi.i, .Samuel KeNo, (de.r,L;e 
l.ashle)', lohn Alct'lure. Joseph .Miller, iohii .stringer, lames W'aniock. 
Archihald Williams. John Walker and Reler Wilkins. 

It does not seem that this i;r;ind jur)- wasted much time in liearini.;' 
witnesses teslil\' :is to misdemeanors; nor did the iiir\- waste time in ai'mt- 
ment as to the L;uilt •')' innocence of persons accused. d'he\- assumed 
their husiiu/ss was to return an indictment; it the Ini-iiiess of the l.iw- 
)-ers and the court to determine whether the |.crson indicted was |;iiill\-. 
'ihe reci-ird shows that on the next d.i\' alter the lirsi t^rand jury was cou- 
\'ened, the\- returned twelve indictmeiils, ;ill for assault and hallere. One of 



lliL'Sc ca^L'^ was aL;ain^l Andrew llilluu, and annllui" a^ain>t Tlidmas 
Mcredilli. I liltiiu'^ casL- was cdniiimed tij tlk' nexl icrni nl cnurl. and, 
when called, resulted ni his aciinitlal. Ue^ardin^; ihe .Meridetli case, the 
record sa\s : "And .Mr. Aleridetli lieing cahed ajipeared in pi^jper ])ers(in 
and liT [ilea said tliat he cunld nul >a\- Imt that lie \\a-^ ;;uiil\ in manner ;ind 
I'urni as he stu^d diarized in the nidiclinent, theielnre it r> ci in>i(lered 1j\' the 
conrt, that he make his hne tn the ^taie ol Indiana. Na" the nse of the cunnty 
111 |)a\ie'~s lAr cnuntv seminars', ihree dnll.-irs." So, il this fine wa^ ]iaid, 
.Mr. Merideth's name i> eniuled lo a ( < in--picui in- ]ilace nn the scrnll of 
fame fur iKuin.n made the ili'sl c iiilnlmtu in In ;in edncUinnal ni.stilnlion in 
J)a\ies> cnimtN. The next cdntnlinliiai to the edncatinnal Innd. as aiipears 
nil recnrd. w.a^ at the ne.xt term n| cnurl, when hi-eph \\ hitnev ]>.aid ;i fine 
nf ten <lnll;irs fnr that imriju-c 

Il a]i]iears nmsi n\ ihe Iri.aK m this cnuri, dnrniL; tlie \ears 1S17 
and iNiS, weie for a-.s:nih and halleiy, Il aKn :i]i|)eai"s ili.u the defenil:mts 
m ilie-e ui-es were frei|nentl\ ihe same indi\idnals. A m;m hy the name 
i:\ h'hn ' nlheri w:i- hefni'e the cniiri as a defendant m an as-;nih ,-ind liauer_\- 
ca-e nn U-ss than ten limes dnrin;^ these \ears ; each lime, he was called nii in 
Cnnirilmte frnin Iwn in \'\w dnll;irs fnr ihe lieiielii nl the cnurit\" seininarv. 
Ihe llrsl murder case lli.-il ;i|)|Hars nn the cnin I dncl-el was at the _\\\l\^■ 
term nf cnnri, i.'siS. Ihe <lefendanl m ihe ca-e was ;i I lelaware Indian, 
named "I'iIl; I'lle," w hn h;id heeii indicted tnr the murder ni I Immas |-';it;le. 
se\iaal ninnih^ pres inns. it seems h'a.L^le, and snme nther while men. 
were \isiim;_;a friendK h.and i<\ liidi.uis in ()wl I'riiine, ,and that I'.a^le, wlin a \ erv strnii^ m.iii, made a h.inler he cniild ihrnw niie nf the smaller 
Indians acinss ;i lire, as an c- hil lit inn nl hi- slreiiL^th In attem|itinn ihis 
feat, with the Imlian's cmisi'iil, h.;i;;le succeeded in llimwiiiL; the niily 
li;df WAV d'he fell iiiin ilu- tire .and severels' luirne<l. 'Ihinkin^- ihi- W.IS dniK- piirpMseK. I'.i- Idle allacked 1 .iliIc wilh a hi^ kiiile and 
■ si.ihhed hmi In (KmiIi .\i llu jnih lerm )•{ cnm 1 ihe recnrd sa\ s. "ihe 
accii-cd heiiiL; -nIeiniiK called, came iml, .uid an uliiis iiif'iii.s was is-ued |nr 
said I'.il; Idle, relnrnahir In ihe ne\l lerm." In fnllnwm- ihe hisi,.r\ i'i this 
case il appears that cninl pi-ncednre in crnninal ca-es in llie I'.arly limes was 
aliniit a- s|(]w ;md nncerlain as is inn frei|nenlly the practici- in ihe-e later 
da\s. At the fnllnwiiiL;- Se]ileinher kaan nf llie Daxiess ciiaaiit cnnrl. the Ui.i;' 
I'dle murder case was c.alled and, fnr snme reasnii, cniilinned. ddie case 
still nil the dnekel ;it the ()ilnlier lerm, iSkj, al which time il was llnally 
dis|insed :ii \>v a iiitlh' /'rcs,-(/iii heini; entered in ihe case. 

-48 n.wiicss CDUNTY, Indiana. 

At llie June tenii of cmirt, iSiN. Jolui Law was admitted U< practice in 
this cuurl. Atlurneys wlm liad l)een adniilted to practice in tlie Ciiuri aljoiit 
a year pre\ ious to this were. \\ ilhani !'. lleimelt, Jacob Call. Xalhauiel 
Huntini;toii and ( "ieori;e U. C. .Siilli\-an. ,\t this same term of court, Thomas 
II. iJlake succeetled William I'rince as president jud^e. I'.lake was succeeded 
hy (',. W. Johnston at the followin.L; Seplemlier term. At the June term. 1819, 
Jolniston was succeeded as president jud5j;e by Junalhan Doty, with William 
II. Kouti and James (1. Kead as a>si>ciate judj^e>. 'Ihese associate indices 
continued until Septcmher, iSji, when the)- were succeeded l)\- h'.phraim 
Thompson and i'hilip llarton. There were no further changes in the asso- 
ciate j utiles until |S_'3, when I'lulip I'.arldU was succeeded hy Raw ley Scott, 
who served until i8_'g and then i^a\e place to .Michael .Mnr])hy. J;icob Call, 
one of the hrsl att(jrne\-s admitted In practice at the l)a\iess county Ijar. suc- 
ceeded Judi^e Duty, as president judi;e. at the .Vpril term. iSjj: ('all was 
succeetled hy John ]\. Porter at the Sejitemher term, iS_'4. It seems there 
were no other chan,i;es in the perMimiel ni the court until 1830, when John 
Law was cnmmissKiued ]iresidenl judi^e, ser\in^' frnni Jaiuiary until Aus.;ust 
10, lit that year, when (i. W". Johnston a<^ain as the ])residin^- officer 
of the com't. In tJecemher, 183 1, Amorv Kinney succeeded Judi^e Johnston 
and ser\ed as president jud^e until Jaini.ary, 1837. h'.lisha .\1. lluntinglon 
succeeded Judi;e Kinney in 1837. lluntiui^toii served until the Ai>ril term, 
1831J, when he was succeeded hy Da\id McDonald, whose term as ])resi(lent 
judi^e was continuetl until 1833, when the new constitution became effectii e, 
pro\idin,i( for one circuit jud,i^e, instead id" the associate bench. TIkjsc wno 
served as associate judL;es. in addition to tliose named, were John L. Cald- 
well, Llijah Chapman, Cornelius lierkshire, Kenneth Dye and Erasmus II. 
McJunkin. Mr. McJunkin w;is a prominent attdrney. lie died in 1834 and 
the court records show that tlie locil b;ir iiassed suitalile resolutions extnllins^ 
his merits and c\iirc>sini; ]irofouiid .--orriiw at his dealh. 


The lirst circuit court jud^e under the new constitution was AKin I'. 
Movey, who be<;'an his term in h'ebruary, 1833, and ser\ed until the IT-bruary 
term, 1834. He served with distictimi as a soldier in the (Jivil War, wiiich 
came on a few years later, risini; to the rank of major-<;eneral. Ceiieral 
Hovey was elected as re])reseiitati\e in Congress, for tlie lirst congressional 
district, in 1886; was elected governor of the state, in 1888, and diet! during 
his term of office. 

General Hovey was succeeded as circuit judge by William \i. Xiblack, 



will) iiKik hi> (il'iKv in 1S34 ami ^ltnciI tdur years. Jiu1l;c Xihlack was also 
a man ilLstinguishi-il in pnlilic altair.s. lie serwd sexrral terms in (cm^Tcss 
as representative of the \'ineennes di^triet. ami was a memher ol tlie state 
supreme court, lie \\a> regarded as one of the leadm;; jurists of the state, 
in I'ehruar)-, 1S5S, iiallard ."-^mith succeeded Indite N'il)lack on the 
bench and ^er\ed one war. Michael h. Ilurke commissic jued indi;e ol 
ihis circuit li\' ( io\-. A. 1'. W'illard. in l'"el)ruar\, 1S31). ludi^e I'urke con- 
tinued in this Service until his death, which occurred .\la\ J2. iSti4. The 
\acancy causL-d hy JudL;e ISurkeV death was Idled In judi;e James ( '. Denn}-, 
who received his appointment from (io\enior .Morton. At the followini;' 
election |udi;e |ohn I'.aker was the successful candidate for the circuit judg'e- 
ship. Jndt'C I'.aker coniinued in office untd the l"eiiruar\ term, 1S71, when 
he was succeeded h_\- Judi.;e .Xewlou I'. .Malolt. who had lieen elected in the 
fall of iSjd. ludi^e .\laloll coulmued as jmlLiV of tins circuit until the fall 
ot iSS_|, whru there was a chani;e 111 the judicial drsiricts. he which Ins resi- 
dent counl\ I Knox) hc-came part ol another circuit. I'v this eliam;e Daxiess 
countx" became a i)art ot the lorte-ninth iudicial circtnt. I)a\id J. 1 letron 
was appointed b\- (lo\. Is.aac 1', ' ira\- as judi^e of this new circuit. At the 
tollowin^f election ludt^e llelron was elected as his own successor and con- 
timted in ollice until .\'o\ember. iS(j,S. II. (j. Il.mijhton. who had been 
elected as circuit judi^e. succeeilmi; Juilt^e llelron on the bench and served 
for a period of tweKe \ears, his term en(lin<.( .Voxember I, i()\u. when jame.s 
\V. Oodon. the present jud_i;e. assnmeil the duties of the office. 

i'Ko.\t 1 xi:.N"r .\]Toi<,NM';Y.s wiio ii.wi-: im< \ciici:n i.\ 'riiis cofi^tT. 

h'rom the earliest times the bar ot the l)a\iess circuit court has ranked 
with the lui^hesi in character and lei^al attainment. .XnioiiL; the prominent 
resident altorucvs who were earU m the practice lu-re were: ( harles R. 
I')ri)\\n and Ximnw ( . l\iiine\', who were the lirst resident lawwers in Wash- 
ington; soon after them came I'.rasmus II. Mcjunkin, l)a\id Mchonald, 
C"ai)t. W. Warner, !■'.. S. Terry. Samuel llowe Smydth, U. A. ( 'lements, Jolm 
\. I'A'ans, Michael I', llurke. John liaker and others. In addition to these, 
tliere is a long list cif distinguislu-d attorneys from other parts of this state, 
and some from other stales, who ha\'e practiced in this court. Among these- 
are the following: l.ovell M. Kousse;m, Uichard II. Rousseau, |olin R. 
Porter, John II. Di.iwden, John S. Watts, Thomas II. Carson, Richard \V, 
ThoTupson, f.eorge ( i. I)unn, Sanniel 1'. (iookiiis, |ohn I'axiie, lames 
Hu-hes, Tihdmiau .\. Howard, I'. M. I'.rett. hdiiidi I'.ell, Delana K. i'ckles. 



j;.. M. Tliumas, All)crt S. White. I'.dwanl A. lIcnnL-gan, A. G. Caldwell, K. 
i!. Talcutt, D. K. Weis, (.'harles Dewey, l-'.lisha M. 1 hiiiliniitun, AJoses Tahh, 
John Law, Samuel Jiidah, Joseph Warner, Willis A. tjorinan, hraiicis 1'. 
ISradley, William (J. (juick, (ienr-e I'roltil. ( ra\ en 1'. liester, hihn C Gra- 
ham, Joseph Dunn, William \i. Xililack, lienry S. Lane, Hugh L. Living- 
ston, (J. W. Johnston, I'aris C. Dunning. G. R. 11. .Mexjre, Sannicl IL 
Lnskirk, L. O. Del'.ruler, A. P.. Larltcn. Nathaniel 1'. Usher, John IJaker, 
J. W. linrton, Cyrus Al, Allen. William Jnm.-'-, L. II. I'arson^, and many 
others ot later time. 

It is related that Ahraham Linenln at one lime \isited this court in the 
interest of a client and was admitted ti> practice at this liar, the o.ath re- 
(|uired of a practicing attonie\' heing admmistereil li\- ( Al. luhn \ an Trees, 
who wa> at that time clerk n\ the court, it is al.M.i stated that Lincoln made 
a speech on the tarill' (|ue-^tion m the coiirl house at the time of his \i^it. d'he 
>tfry of Lincoln's \ i.sii and ]ir;icticc m ilii-, court ma\ he of a Ir.idilioiiarv 
charactei", hut it is iioi iinprohahle. \l that time it was cii^toinaiw for law - 
}'ers to travel the "circuit." as it wa.^ called, and it was not unusual for noted 
attorne\> to go a long dist.auce outside of their circuit. It is certain ihat 
.\hrahain Liuc(iln, alter he had estalili>he<l a reputation as a lawwer in his 
Illinois home, was lre(|ueutl)' called as C(junsel in ca>es in Indiana courts. 
That there is no .-^jK-cial meiilioii m the ci piirt record th;it .Xhraham Lincoln, 
of llliuoi-,, \\,as present as counsel lor pl.aintili, ('i' for dcfeiid.iiil, is init a 
matter ol wonder, siut.-e he was iKil so ,niracti\e a personage as some of the 
other \isitiii:; law\ers ol that timi-. To the court attendants, and the crowd usu.allv gatliered from miles ;iroiin(l in those d.iys, to hear the lawwers 
"" the appear.aiK e in town ol loslma Spragi;ius. who had recenth' 
killed a hear up on Wolf creek, would attract mole attention than would 
.\lie Lincoln. 

It will he of niUie--l lo note >c\cral otluis in the foregoiuL; list of ;ii- 
toriKws. ill ]iractice at the Daviess couiil\ who were .alui' :ird dis- 
tiuguished in slate and nati(jnal all.airs. 

l,o\ell II. Rousseau was adniilied lo ihe har ,al 1 '.1( lomlielil, Indiana; 
ser\ed in the Indiana I .egiskalure. and in the Mexican War. Sellling in 
Louis\ille after the .Mexican War, he took high rank as a lawyer, lie took a 
decided stand for the government and ag.ainst secession, rind at the oulhre.ak 
of the Ci\dl \\',ar tendered his services in hehalf id the Union, lie rose 
to the rank' of major-general in the ;irniy .and his conim;nid hore a conspicu- 
ous part in si ime of the most import.ant eng.agenients ol ihc 



Gen. 'rilghinan A. JJoward acliie\e(l (lislincUnn in niililar\- scrxicL- in 
the JMexican War; was. United Slates senator from Indiana, and filled other 
hig'h pnblic positions. Albert S. While and Henry .S. j.ane also rei)resented 
Indiana in the United .States Senate. ( ieorj^e tl, 1 )nnn and Uiehar.l W . 
Tiionipson were both members of Congress, and both held high rank as 
lawyers and pnblic sjieakers. l)a\id .McDonald was judge of the United 
States district cmirt, as was hli.vha Al. Ihintington. I harles Dewey was 
distinguished as a member (.)f the supreme court. I'ans ( '. Dunning be- 
came go\ernor, Janie> 1 lughes was iudge and member i>i I (ingress, and a 
major-general of the Indiana dm-ing tlie Uebellion. (Jenrge 11. 
I'roltit gained gre,-il reiinwn as an orainr. .\s ;i pohtu-al campaign speaker 
be bad few if an\- e(pial>. lie ^tumped the state llariisMU, in 1S40, was 
sent tcj ('(ingress, and afterwanU wri'- minister t(i I'li-.a/il These are some, 
bnt not all, (d the dislmgnislied nun whose names are recoi'ded ;is members 
el the Da\ le^s Cdimly bar in ibe earlier period of ihe C((Unty's liislor)-. 
.\m(ing the atll■rne\^^ and legal lirm-^ in the [iractice beie alniut a generatidU 
later were the f.illdwmg: ( 'ol, Samuel 11. 'r;i\l(ir. | W. lUn'tdli. ( i. ( i. 
I'.art-n, bdin C I'.illheimei-, John .M. Van Trees .\lexander Hardy, j. M. 
I'.arr and h. b. .Meredith. Some df tlie.-e are de.ul ; otliers are Ucated an(.l 
in business elsew here. 

I'KliSl'-.XT .\li:MtiEKS 01- THE HAU. 

Ihe personnel ol the present bar of the Da\ie>s (ircnit court will not 
stiller in comp.Trisdii with the disl mgui>he(l members who engaged in the 
lir.actice here m (.iher \eai'-, ( )i! llie whole, the pi-e^enl bar i^ one of exceii- ability. .\bi>l nt ihe allorne\s m the ]iracliee ,aie (Hi the sumi\- side of 
nn'ddle age and the larger ( ippi n iuiiiiie> and pn-^ible acc( (mpli^hnients of 
lile are bel'mi ibem flic cldeNl iiicmbet cf the |iii-eiii bar i-- judge W illiain 
l\ liardmer. Me i-, ihT (Hil) ibc dldcsl m \ear.>, but hdlih ilic recurd for 
ha\Tng been the longest in practice of an_\- present or iiasl niemliers 
ol the Da\ie.s> county bar. judge ( iardiiier i> still in :icli\e praciice. Iieing 
associated with ( . K. 'Iliar]i and ( h.arles ( i. (l.ardiner. under ilie linn 
n.ame id" (iardiuer, Tharp (.\- (i.avdiiier. ( )tliei members and law linns in 
practice here are the following: 

M. CI. and Hugh ( )'.\'eal, under the linn name of I )'.\'eal .V < )'.\'eal: .\1. 
S. Hastings, j. ( 1. .Mien and h. b. ll;isiings, under the rnni n.ame of Ibast- 
ings, .Mien lK: Hastings; I'adgell ..K: Ihirris; 1". A. and j. W . WaKli. 

1>A\1I':SS C(il'NT\', iMHAXA. 

under ilic linn iianii,' uf Seal \: Walsh; William llclt'L-nian; l'"zra Maltingly 
and S. I'". M\'(.Ts, under the lirni name ot Matlin^U' iX: Ahers; (ienri^e A. 
I'"aitli and l'~, ( '. i'ailh, under the linn- name ul" h'aith & I'aitli ; jcilin ]!. 
Speneer ; Thcimas 1). Slimp; ( 'harles Al. Mears; Aikman .S; Rogers ; Artlnu" 
II. ( ireenwi K 1(1 ; j. luirl 'riuim])S(in and W illiam I', hennii^en, under the tirm 
name uf Tin impsnn & Denni-eu : Arlhnr Allen; Ruherl W'. 'riiarp; T. M. 
Sears, I'.hnira; luli^ar T. Lauijlilin, ()diin. 

CFIAl^Tl'.R X\' 


In iSSi tlie I .ct^ishuure i)asse(l a law rL'iiuirint;' tlie rci^istratimi nl all 
tliL- ph_\'sicians m the statu and i-aiii couniy was prnviiled with a special reci.inl 
for the ]iur)>iise (if li^lins^' all the ]ih\'.-iici;uis within its limits. Since that 
time, all |)h\sicians have lieen re(|nire(l Id ret;ister in a Cdunty hefure they 
could ])raclice. The fullnwint; list ot physicians was rei;istered in Uaviess 
cminty in iSSi, nian\- of them haxint; practiced in the county for a ipiarter 
(d' a centm'\- or more before thw lime. 

This record, entitled "Kei^ister ol I'lnsicians and Accoucheurs Residents 
ui l)a\iess (, 'ounty," j^ixes the names and the places where the}- were prac- 
ticini; at the time of reyi^tratioir .M;iu\- ol tiiem mo\eil to W'ashiniL^tou 
later and, ni course, inari\ olher^ ]iiacliced in the county onl)- a short tiuK'. 
The list of ihose re,!4i>terin.i.^ in i SS i follows: jacksc.u 1.. .Moore, Washinj.;- 
lon; William 1.. lAaus,,„,tee; William 1'.. W.alK, .\1 fordsx ille ; 
]|. II. Strouse, W'a-hin^lon ; Charles Scndder, \\';ishin,L;ton ; Ira .M. (Tirk, 
]'".psom: |ohu iMlz^ihlion, Waslnuj^ton ; James M. .\chor, L'cjniettsx'ille ; 
llenr\- (iers, Washington; John .S. .Mitchell, .Mfordsville ; C. (J. I'.arton, 
W;ishin,i.(tou ; Sarah I'erkius, ( 'ornetl-s\ die ; jacoh W. Cdark, (ilendale; John 
N'. Killion, ( ornettsville ; William 1'. llohbs. Iva,^els\ille ; Charles 1'. Scnd- 
der, Washin-tou; Ceor^e W. Willeford, ( llendale ; James 1\ I'arks, Wash- 
iiiL^tou ; ( )zias N'ellis, Washington; John 1'.. l',\rn. .Monti^omery ; l-'dward D. 
MiUis. lianuille; Harvey Ta\lor, Ka-elsville ; I'.lisha .\. UiLi.i^ins. Mont- 
gomer\- ; l)a\id K. (arier, klpsom; l)li\er II. McKiltricl<, I'laiiuille; Wylie 
I!. Killion. Washiui^tou ; h"raucis .\. .\nders(pn, Washin^lou ; Thomas L. 
I'^ads, W;islun,i;ion ; .\lleu K. Lane, ()ilon; .Stephen ( ). Culmer, ( )don ; J<ihu 
iJeaiauiu, Ka^lesv ille ; l.laniel J. .Smith, ( >don ; Lewis A. Slaudlev, I'.psom; 
iM-ancis .M. Ilarned, Wa.shm,i.;lon ; Larton .Sears, ()wl l'i-:iirie; Samuel W. 
I'eck, Washin,i;lon : John .\. Scndder, Washington; .Michael Scanlon, Wash- 
in,L;ton ; (). M. Kohinsou. L'annelhurL;-; (jniutou Clayton, Montgomery; W. 
C. Willeford, .Moiil:.^(imery ; Mrs. hjuma ruderwood. Washington; (i. W. 
Walker, Cauiiellmr;^. 

."^ince iSSi the iihvsiciaus ha\e rei^istered as they came into the county 



and it is to he noted tiiat there ha\-e hcen rei^istrations e\'ery year witli the 
e.\ee])tiiin nf iiS()5, i<S(^() and looi). d he hst from iSSj i(,i i<)i^, inelusi\e, 

iN8_' — Mark II. Raysdale, (dendale: William F. 1 lar.nravc, Cornetts- 
ville; h'Jias L. Da.L^lcy, Udnn ; I yrus 1). d a\lor, \Vashin,!4t(_Mi ; Harriet 
I'how nini;-, Washin^lcin ; Sahina Ann Washint^inn. \\'a>hiniL;ti)n ; Alai^dalena 
Strauss, I'annelhnri; ; dhonuis (i. I\a\', l^psdin; Maria 1 lildehraiid, W' 
in^tnn (signed in 1 iernian ) ; Sina W'artl, Cnnihack ; 1 lionias K. I'luninier, 
W'a^hin.^tijn ; Katie I'luinmer, Washini^tnn ; (diaries W. Kin,t^-, I'd. W'a^'ne; 
l.(i\ey Ihisler, W'ashin^tun ; John d\ Meilriek, .\I fnrdsville ; Xaney Callo- 
\\a\-, W'ahlnn.^ldn : Idizaheth Ishani, (llendale; V . M. Sears, <)\\1 i'rairie; 
Mar!L,'^aret l. hiles, Semland; Le\ i I'.nrris, Al h ird-\ilie ; W. II. Jones, C'ornelts- 
ville; W. Ldiderudud, Wa^hin-ton ; Ani^nst W. I'.in^hani, .Mfordsville; 
Mar\' Lro>h_\-, \\"a>hin^ton. 

iNS^- ]•'.. 1.. I )a,t;ley, W'a-hin^^lon ; A. I.. Sahin, \\a.^liin,t^ton (Indian 
doetor); W. S.>. (.innhaek; J. ('. druehlnod, Ra,t;le^ville ; j. 1'. SlelYy, 
W'a^hini^li in. 

iNS_|--Mdion 1'. d'oliner. Owl I'r.iirie; J. S. ddiylor, Kagie.^ville ; 
Al)rah;ini 11. 1-ailli, I'lainxille; M. C. Kent, ( )don. 

iN,S5 — (ddkre ;ire no addre>ses i^iven after |SS.| ) ITanndton Wolf. An- 
drew l\eni|)l, Ihonia^ \\. Sear^, lloraee II. Hurrill, ( ieor'.;e I., ."^jjanldinj;", 
AMranda ( . Kemp, William 11. .\nderson, IhoinaN .Sp.anMinL;', 1'.. 1\ Keidi, 
1'".. .V. ( )ppeer, C. 1.. (■am])hell, William ( '. Willeford, John M. Jones, 
.\. W. I'orler. .Stephen .\. I'.riitain, Joseph h'. Reeve, (leori^e l'\ Cuhner, 
Caroden L. Sw.arlz. l.le\\ell\ii 1'.. Sialey, (ieor,L;e A. l'\ J. Wdiite. 

iSSri— AX'aller .M . llunler, Wdham R. .\\ery. hr.anklin J. \\ hitteniore, 
W. J. dhonias, J<ihn W. .\larlow, J. dhonias Seoti. I lfnr\- I'a-an. 

1SS7- lorou Rnrdiek. Wdlli.un .\. 1 lorrall, ,\llred X. l'.o„hani. I'ur- 
nell r. Willie, lohu W. ( nlheilson. Charles I'r.Luklin W inton. Solomon T.. 
.\lel 'hei'soii, eharles R. Van drees, I'rederiek !". Miner. O. A, liini^hrun, 
Samuel !'. 1 Karris. .X. \', dinner. Joshua ( urlis .\sheraft, John d'.,L;h- 
ridL^e, Simon 1'.. C'arlton, t'. (.'. .\le( nwan. 

iSS.'^-- i'Mward W. .\liehael M. DowK-y, T. J. Stewart. John 
I>'. S. d'a_\lor, Xoah Jeffers.m (ioshorn. D.-ivid I'rost. 

iSS,,— R. S. Milehell. R. 1'.. 1 '.r.aniioek, Charles \\'. I', William 
K, NdaniL;-, W. O. ('offey, John MeKeown, .\1. 1). Re.a, Thomas W. Idowers, CrilTiths. 

1800 — Dawson \\. I'.arnes. .\lexandcr h'. Joseph, ]'".. J\-ter Joseph. F. 
IX-lla (daire, (. harles \V. Divens. ' 



iSijL — C'liarlcs C_". .Mikivl-, Xiclmla^ X. Jensen, ("liarles C. Y(jung-,^c I.. I'arr, J. I!. Wells James Menry Walker, l^. !•:. ( ieii-cll.aek, John 
K. Sniiih, William !',. Deffenhall, '!". L!. Van Xnys. 

[i>')2 — J. r.artMii (■.itn. ()\erl<.n lalian ( loolee, A. 1'.. Knapp, .\lelvin H. 
Young, George i\.na|ip, William J. 'I'ollixer, J. W. Anderson, John W. Way, 
]<:. W. Uilbnrn, 

iSg.:;— I'lijah 1'. T. llollcrofl. 

iSii4— John 11. SenelT. Uiehanl W'oo.l MeC^racken, George A. Thomas, 
llemy lierr, Gharles II. Vemir, W. Wnislou Waggoner. 

i8';7— G. J^:. Trainor, 1). lirooks .Sino..t, II. I. .Slierwood, K. D. rop.e, 
^lo. G. I'orler, l^;el)ecea GipM.n. M. II. \"onng, J. .\1. I'lekel, Thomas I;. 
Kankin, Jerome 1). Molle. 

iS(;.S — \anee Ma\, llilhert 1'. Klein, Alariin 1.. .\rthur, Hamilton M. 
Arthur, II. Weehsler. .Stephen I'.. kJro.l, Gilherl W. kjlniondson, (.'larenee 
Dale I'nikerson. 

iSw) - William llenr\' .Mexer. Joseph !•'. .Muliels. .Mark Sehrmn, 
Gharles '!". Wall. 

Kjoo— Henry G. Hargan, William H. Holder, .\. J. .\le(;auhy. 

190) — .\ddi--on lla\e- ll:ilter\, Lewis t ", .slniU, Grne-l Holhngs- 
worlh, t'ahin G. Rowland. Ruins J. I)anner. 

iijo_>— T. 1". Spmk, Orris \L Lett, Lewis J. L)..\\ney, John W. r.ell, 
W. H. .MeGhee, .Marion N. Thayer. 

iijoj;— Hiram M. Johnson. Homer l'"rank Garr. 

I(;n4— (.eorge Rile)' luhh-, John W. Shellon. Rniggold S. .Mitehell, 
Alherl II. .S|,ear-. 

1(^03— John I.. lA.ans, 1 ). |. Hege, Ralph .M. W:lle1.u-d. 

i()()ii — .\ndre\\ Rohiuson, lames \ugustns I'lekell. 

h,o7 -Daniel W , I'.GI, He-i.r T I'lnlhpp.e. Xora .Maude \rihur. 
W nils 11. (-..le. 

[ijn>< — ( )lio I'lorea I'leemer, ITeileriek J. ("re-^hley. 

ii)io — |ohn 1'. .Sellman, I'.ert \). liurres^, Ira IG I'lowman. .Morton .M. 

191 i-.\n<lre\\ Jaeksoii L;me, Jacoh L. ( )dell, .\mhro-e (. (dilTord, 
William T. Sell ridge. 

\')\j — 1 )ougl;l^s llart. Sarah Snider, .\nhm- .\. Rang, lleilman l.'uriis 

i(ji_:; — George WashingU.n Ronner, William 1'.. < lark. 

1914 — John W. I'ahmeier, lAelyn Rearl Jlyatt. 



Since IQO/ the law has required tiie registration of optometrists in tlie 
counties wliere they practice. Tiie Daviess county record shows that unly 
fnur h;ive registered in the county, as foUow : 'J'iiunias David Cloud, An- 
drew AI. Keck, Charles W. Stone and Car! R. West. 

The registration of dentists has heen re(|uired since 1S91) antl in the 
sixteen _\'ears which ha\'e elajised since that time the following have regis- 
tered in Da\iess county ; 

1899— Roland ^^l. Smiley, \V. H. II. Welch, S. L. Wilson, J. H. 
Shields, Loree K. \'an Osdol, Otis T. Rohinson, Julian L. Seals, W. F. 
Sheplierd, 1-rederich J. Tlomann, jr., I'.dward \V. Meyer. I'rank M. Welch. 

1900 — Jlenr\' I". I largan, I'.dward h'. Kendall. 

1901 — Walter I., .\nderson, Charles A. I'orter, John C. Mitchell, Wil- 
liam .S, .Seal. 

1903 — l\al|)h C. She]>her(l, John flenry Groscuth. 

1904 — J. J. Schneider. 

1905 — (ieorge \V. Russell, .Sarah Willey. 

1906 — C. O. Clemmer. 

1907 — Henry C. AlcKittrick, Jacob llurris. 

1908 — Roy D. .Smiley. 

1909 — llenr)- C. 'l^jllixer. 

1912 — I'Vank IC. Rohinson. 

1913 — Walter J. Wilson, George W. Amerman. 

19 1 4 — I'aid v.. \'ize. 




Charity Lodge No. 30, Free and Accepted Masons, of Washington, has 
a history covering ahnost the entire period from the heginning of the town, 
if thL- claims of its members can he relied on. It is concetled that much of 
this claim to anticjuity of origin is foumJed on tradition, hut tliere are some 
reasonalile grounds for credibility of tlie claim. At tlie meeting of mem- 
bers and friends of the order, December 27, 1895, Charles G. Sefrit gave a 
histurical sketch, entitled, "The Story of Charity Lodge," in which some 
interesting matters pertaining to the origin and history of the lodge were 
presented. The following quotations from Mr. Sefrit's sketch are given as 
the most rehable history of the lodge obtainable: 

"The story of the early years of Charity Lodge is but little more than 
tradiliiju. Upon two occasions tire found the records unprotected, and 
each time some of them became part of the ashes of the building wherein 
the lodge had its home. The lirst of these fires occurred in 1S60. The 
loilge room was then in a building that stood where the Washington National 
Bank now is. This lime most of the lodge pajjers were saved. But six 
years later the disastrous Commercial row fire came, and the entire belong- 
ings of the lodge, together with the records, dissolvetl in smoke. The most 
serious lo-s lo iIr- loili^c as a result of the .-ecoud tire was the loss of the 
records which contained the proceedings of the earl_\- meetings. The pecu- 
niary loss was trilling, as compared with the disappearance of these records. 

"When it is known that the organization of Charity Lodge antedated 
by a score of years the time when ihe oldest member of this order now living 
first obtained the right to sit in the lodge of master Masons, the difficulty 
of obtaining any delinite information will be readily understood. There 
is no .scratch of a pen, except the meager statements which appear in (he 
reports of the grand lodge, and a small blank book, used- in larlv times 
to keep an account of the amounts due from members, that gives anv light 


on the alYairs nf the loilge for the first tliirty-rixu _\cars nl' its life. The 
grand lodge reports state that an application was made on the 3(1 of Octo- 
ber, 1826, for a charter for Charity Lodge, located at Washington, Indiana, 
and then working under a dispensation. The application was granted, the 
issue of ;i charter was authorized, and the nuinher assigned to the lodge 
was thirty. The (iriler also ])r(ivi(led that the three principal officers of the 
new lodge shmild l)e, Jose])h Warner, worshiptul master; Nathan Bascom, 
senior warden; Cornelius llerkshire, junior warden. 

"In 1833 an ofticer of the grand lodge \'isiled Charity Lodge and found 
that, owing to the remii\-al from this place of some of the uriginal members, 
llie organization had been suflered to go down, and no meetings had been 
held for many months. This officer seized the charter and lodge effects and 
returned them to the grand kjilge, which boil\- sustained his action. Matters 
remained in thi.-^ condition for nearly ten years. In 1S4J, Jo>eph Warren,- 
who was the first worshipful master, a]ipe;ired before the grand bidgc and 
a^ked for the second dispens.ation, which was gr.anlcd. The following \'ear 
the charter of the Washington lodge was restored, the old number and name 
gi\-en it, and Charity Lodge No. 30 again hail an existence. 

"'1 he new organization began with the same worshipful master, Josejih 
Warren, who presided o\'er the first lodge. The senior warden was James 
Calhoun, and the junior warden was Stei>heu llelding. The little lilank 
book, all that is left of the early records, shows that the lodge first began 
Working under a dispensation some time in the fall ol i^i-'^^. I he lirst name 
on that book is that of Joseph Warner. CJther names in the book appear in 
the following order: Nathan llascom, Cornelius l.V-rkshire, James G. Read, 
William AlcCormick, John Whalloii, James Calhoun, Lawley Scott, all under 
date of i8_'3. hi iX_>() the following names were entereil : George A. 
Waller, Arniorv Kinney, James Whitehead, William 11. Routt and rhili]) 
l!arloii; in |S_7, ."^leplicii I'.eldiiig, William <Juigle\, William borster, Will- 
iam \'eale, l\e\ . 1 lezeki.ah Molland, biliii \'aii 'frees and Michael Ivuport ; 
in iXjS. l\e\'. ilir;iin Hunter, Henry Diiliois aiul 'flK.inias f.emiiig; in 18J9, 
William Kelty. 

"i'Tom the time of the reorganization the lodge continued to grow in 
numbers, slowl)- and steadily. luich year saw it more closel\' interwox'cn 
with tiie social faljric oi Washington. In 11864, Joseph Cruse, a wealthy 
member of the lodge, died, and in his will liecpieathed to the lodge nearly 
all his estate, consisting of valuable town lots and a siun of money. The 
aggregate gift was nearly eighteen thousand dollars. Tlie money was used 



for the erection (if the present hiiildini^', which was completed in 1S68. 
It was at lirsl tw(.) stories; a third story was added in 1S8S." 

Tile present nieniliersliiij tjf ( "haritv ].odi;e is tinee iuin<lred and tliir- 
teen. 'Idle present (jfticers are; i'Vank .McGeliee, w cirs]ii]ifnl master; Wal- 
lace Walker, seninr warden; C'h;irles V. Cochran, inninr warden; h'lisha 
I.. Ilatlield, treasurer; llenry .\il<inan, secretar)-; tdiarles A. Kane\', senior 
deacon; llarr_\- L. Allierty, jnnidr deacon; John T. 1 )Mui;hert\', senior stew- 
ard; Janie> W. Mattini;l\-, jnniur steward; William S. Waller, t\der; trustees, 
Aliltnii S. [Jastings, edyde 1!. Kellar and Cdiarles M. ^'enne. 

ALIJKIi <iui;anization.s. 

Washingtitn Chapter Xo. 9J, l\o\-:d Arcli Masons, was organized on 
April _M, iJ^75. It has a jiresent memhershi]) of mie hundred and ninety-one. 

Washingtciu Council Xn. f)-, Rnyal and .Select .Masters, was urbanized 
tin April Jj, 1X1)5. Present memhership, seventx-mie. 

Washmgtou l"iininiander\' Xc ^^3. K'nights d'einplar, was organized on 
.\pril 10. if^iii). I'res(.-nl !iiemlier>hi]), one hundred. 

Washington (d)a])ter Xo. _>io. Order <if the l-".a>tern Star, was organ- 
ized on .\pril j8, jSgS. Present memliership, two hnndreil ;nid filty. 


Liverpool Lodge Xo. i 10. Independent Order of Odd h'ell.jws, at Wash- 
ington, was organized on Jul)' N, 1N3-, with the tollowing charter niem- 
hers: ddiomas .\. Paker, IC Hitchcock, John liecket, ( harles Cliilds and 
II. Ivolib. The tirst ofhcers of the lodge were: (diaries (/hilds, noble 
grand; 1 lionia-. I'.aker, \ ice-gr;md ; William I lel]ihen-line. recoriliug >ecre- 
l.uw; John Leckeil. tre.iMircr. ( Mlier^ who were identiUed with the early 
org;unz.iiion of ilu- lodge were: ( )li\er Ta\lor, \\ . K. Ldwards. John 
Di.xou. I', r.. McChesney, L. II. Ilackleman, S. .Meredith, Ceorge L. Gihhs, 
(jamaliel Ta\lor. Charles [■"ravel. John Kelley. (ieorge Lrown. Taylor W. 
Webster, Samuel W. Smith, I. II. Stanley, Marshall Sexton. Ldwin M. 
Much, J. Z. McLauglilin, K. X. (naliam, .\. IT Mathews, Daniel Moss, 
John M. Turner. J. R. Moverod, J. I'. Chapmen. W. IV Moffitt and George 
B. Jocelyn. 

There are three nieml)ers of the lodge now li\ing who iia\e been mem- 
bers of the order for over fifty years, namely: Stansel Cosby, .\. \i. John- 
son and W. I'. I'dlis. dlie present meiiibership of Liverpool Lodge is two 


hundred and seventy-live. The present officers are: G. KHngingsniith, noljle 
grand; Clay McCurniick, vice-grand; Artluir Greenwood, recording secre- 
tary; K. E. Horra!, linancial secretary; W. P. Elhs, treasurer. 

A few years ago the lodge purchased a piece of resilience property 
on East Main street, which was remodeled and made into a beautiful home 
for the order, at a cost of about iifteen thousand dollars. This home is pro- 
vided with all modern conveniences, with a commodious hall for lodge 
metings, reading rocmis, dining roums and appuintments for social gather- 
ings. Oak Grove cemetery, west of the city, is the property of Liver])ool 
Lodge. The ground for the cemeter\' was i)urcliase(l in 1870 and contained 
twenty acres. Thirteen additional acres were purcliased by the lodge in 
191 5, which will l>e imprtived and platted for cemetery purposes. The 
affairs of the cemeterv are under the present management of George E. 
Reeves, president; Dr. G. W. Russell, secretary; J. W. Dillard, Ijoard of 

The Independent Order nf Odd ['ellows i^ rei)resenled by lodges at 
Elnora, I'lainlield, Montgomery, Odon and other i)laces in the county. 


Pythagorean Lodge No. 118, Knights of Pythias, was organized on 
May 20, 1884, by a delegation from Dioscuri L(jdge, of X'incennes. The 
charter members were: L. 1'. Beitman, 11. 11. Hyatt, Charles P. Seudder, 
C. S. Slayback, A. C. Barber, C. 11. Jones, Harry Pray, J. \V. Clark, George 
Geeting, O. E. Bon Durant, John T. Neal, Nathan Beitman, VV. P. Hoffman, 
Gus Levy, Isadore Beitman, W. W. iMarmaduke, P'rank Colyer, Louis Hess, 
Clifford Markle, E. J. Yeager and J. P. Mathew. 

P'ollowing are the names of the lirst oflicers : P. P. Beitman, past 
chancellor; IP 11. ll\att, cliancellor commander; I'harle.s P. Seudder, Nice- 
chancellor; C. S. Sl:i_\back, i)relate; A. C. Barber, keeper of records and 
seal; C. IP Jones, master of excbeijuer; Harry Bray, master of finance; 
J. W. Clark, master at arms. 

The lodge started out with a large and active roll of members and has 
maintained a steady growth during all the years since. Tiie present mem- 
bership is two hundred anil tiiirty-four, all active and working for the good 
of the order. The Kidge does not ciwii any building, but has a commodious 
and well-appointed hall in which meetings are held. The regular meetings 
are characterized It)' marked intere^l and efficiency; the method and manner 
of work conferred has recei\ed fa\'(>raljle comment by comi^etent critics. 


P)'tliai;nrcan Li.ulge was ne\'er in a iiKire iirn>pcrKUS condiiiini than at pres- 
ent. l""nlli)\vinj.,' arc tlie names of tlie present nfficers : Walter Wallace, 
chancellor conmiander ; C. J. J3iirris, vice-chancellor; Ji. W. Palmer, prel- 
ate; Willis Hoddinott, keeper of records and seal; John E. Ketchum, master 
of excheqner; W. W. McCarty, master of finance; Charles Connaughton, 
master at arms; ICarl McCafferty, inner guard; W. l''.. Brennan, outer guard; 
James A. Colbert, .\. C. Wise and O. M. Vance, trustees. 


Di\'ision No. i, .\ncient (Jrder oS ] lihernians, was organized on St. 
J'atrick's day, in the year 1870, by the county delegates of Clay county. The 
lirst meetings were held in the old city hall building, on East Second street, 
opposite Cabel & Cejmpany's coal oftice. This division was the second 
Ancient Order of Tlibernians lodge instituted in the state (jf Indiana, the 
first divisicjn in the state being instituted at Brazil, in Clay county. The 
object of the society is to teach patriotism and devotion to the Stars and 
Stripes, an<l to foster a love for the "Little Green Island, far o"er the Sea." 
The societ}' also extends to its members ])raise\vnrlliy l)enevolent features, 
])}• i)a\ ing generous sick and funeral benetits. 

The first officers were: James K. Maher, count}' ijelegate; P. T. Gara- 
ghan, president; Patrick Grimes, vice-president; ^lartin Cahill, general sec- 
retary; luigene t^'lirien, assistant secretary; Stephen Maloney, treasurer. 

l^ivi.sion Xo. 1 now has se\enty members in good standing, has a strong 
JKUik account and is in a i)rosperons condition in e\ery wa\'. The meetings 
are held on the fonrtli Sunday ;ifternoon of each ninnth in the K^nights of 
Columbus hall. 

KNICIIIS op COI i:.\lUrS. 

W'a^biugiini t'nuMcil .\'o. (\]o. Knights ol t'(ihnnl)ns, w ;is instituted on 
Siuida\', l''ebiuar\- i), Hjoj, undci" the direction of William J. .Moonev, terri- 
torial cle|int\' su])reme knight, nf Indianapolis, a inrnier \\'a>hing(on citizen. 
The lir.' '. members of the l\in'ghl> of ('(liumbns order in Washington, prior 
til the institution of the local loilge, were: Rev. John W. Doyle, Julius P. 
McGrayel, John Al, t'oslello, John .\. Sinnott anil Charles .V. Kidwell. who 
recei\ed their degree in E\'ans\ille, Sund;iy, -\]iril i<), n^oi, at the institu- 
tion of (.'ouncil Xo. ^(1^; also A. |. Padgett and .Xnthonx- Kocher, Jr., who 
were initiated with the second class of candidates into t'ouncil Xo. 541, in 
the cit\' of Teri'e Haute. 


The insiallatiiin cerenitinics of l'\-l>ruar\' 9, i()02. were held in the spa- 
cious lodge room of the IndepeiideiU Order of Odd l'"ellows, corner of .Main 
and Ivisl Third streels. The lirst husiness nieetiiigs of Conncil Xo. 630 
were held in the Alasnnic teinple. In the year nf 1907 the heanliful three- 
st(M-y hnilding of hrick and sli'iie. at the southwest corner of h'ourth and 
Ivist Main streets, was completed. (Inniiid was lirst hroken for the erection 
of this >inu;ture. jnl_\- 5. njod. d'lie |)urcliase price of this huililing site was 
eighl tliDusand dollars; the contract price for the erection of the liuikling 
was two thousand .si\ hundred dollars, to which li\e thousand dollars has 
heen since addeil tor changCN and improx'cments. The huikling is well 
heated, lighted and \'eiUilateil, particular attention having heen given to 
comf(jrt and sanitarv' details, ddie ilimensions of the huikling are sixty feet 
frontage on Main street and one hundred feet south on k'ourlh street. The 
huikling co\ers the entire lot owned h\' the order. There are ihree large 
store rooms on the lirst lloor of the luiildiug. d'he second lloor comprises 
thirteen w ell-a]ipointed suites of ofllce rooms, the third lloor heiug used as 
the Council home. Alau)- educatioual eniertamineuts of \arious kinds have 
been given here, to which the general public is alwaj's invited. 

The lirst officers of Washington Council were: Arnold J. I'adgett. grand 
knight; Thomas 1'. Walsh, deputy grand knight; .Matthew 1'". Durke, chan- 
cellor; Albert M. Kocher, warden; Julius I'. Mc(.ira\el, financial secretarv; 
Oharles .\. Kidwell. recorder; L'yril j. Ward, treasurer; John W. McCarty, 
lecturer; Rev. John W. Doyle, chaplain; Josejih J. Keller, orgaiii>t; John P. 
Cavanaugh, Thomas U. Walker and John Dosch, trustees. 

The present membership ni the local council is si.\t_\' insurance mem- 
bers and one hundred and forty associate members. The regular meetings 
are held e\er_\- 'fuesda)' night at eight (I'clock. 

cii.\i't1':r xvii. ' ■ ' 


At the cluse of the Civil War tliL- armies that liad funglit in that war 
t(j its successful cniiclusion, were disliaudeil and ihe soldiers returned to their 
several hduies and resumed the xncatious <<{ civil life. lUit the fraternal tie 
that had been welded in the lire of hattle was not severed by the disbanding 
of ciimpauies ami regiments. There was a sjiiril of comradeship infu.sed in 
the hearts and lives of tlmse wlm had t(Xiched ellnjws in the lire and smoke 
lit battle, ami wlm shared the prixatitms and hardships of the camp and the 
weary march — a spiirit that was not dispelled by the disbanding of companies 
and the laving aside nt militar\ ei|uip!nents. 'Jdiere was a desire to maintain 
this fraternity and ciimradeshi]i, and this desire sddn fi ivmd expression in a 
movement lur an organizatiMii of \eterans to accomplish this purpose. Many 
organizations ol companies and regiment> were formed and reunions held in 
various localities, and the enjoyment found by conn-ades in these associations 
suggested a larger and more, ])ermancnt organizatiim of state and national 
character. I'>om this suggestion the Grand .Army of the l^epublic had its 

OR(;.\NIZ.\'riO.\ OF TIIK GI^VNti .\R>rY. 

The founding of the (Irand Army of the Repulilic was iirimarilv due to 
Dr. 1!. I'. Stephenson and < haplain W. J. Rutledge, of the b'ourleenth Illi- 
nois InfaiUry, who. in l''ebruar\-, iS(i4, conceived the idea of its formation. 
I)oclor .steplieUMiii li\ed ill ."^priii- tield. Illinois, and enlisti.'d on Alas' 7, l86_>, 
serxing a> surgeon oi bis regimeiil uniil June -'4, 1SO4, when he was mus- 
tered out. Doctor Stephenson coucened the plan of >uch an organization 
while he was still in the service. I lis idea was to unite the soldiers who 
fought in the battles of the L'nioii into a grand brotherhood, which would be 
as effective in iireserving the peace of ihe nation as the Union arinv had 
been in the |irosecuiion of the war; to maintain ;ind strengthen the fratern;d 
lecbngs of the soldiers who nmied to suppress the rebellion; to perpetuate 
Ihe memory of those wh<i had died in ihe cause, and to lend assistance to the 
need\ and to the widows and orphans of soldiers. 

Doctor .Stephenson foresaw the magnitude of the organization he had 


in mini] and spent almut two years in working out plans and drafting the 
ritual. In this work he had the counsel and assistance of a nuniher of his 
comrades and others who were in sympathy with the movement. Among 
the lattei;, (jovernor Morton, of Indiana, was actively interested and promi- 
nently identified with the preliminary w(jrk. It is related by some who were 
on the "inside," that Governor Morton had much to do with the preparation 
of the manuscript for the rules and regulations, and that it was through his 
instrumentality that these were printed and put intn shape for effective use. 
It is also a matter of history that the ritual and rules and regulations were 
first used in Indiana for the muster and organization of posts, ami that the 
first tlepartment organized was the department of Indiana. This was in 
1866, and frnni that year dates the beginning of the Grand Army of the 


It was sometime in the early part of 1867 [)ef(jre there was an attempt to 
organize a post of the (jrand Army of the Republic in Washington, although 
there had been a sort of informal organization of the Grand Army prior to 
that time. This informal organization was before the adoption of the ritual 
and the rules and regulaticjns, and there was very little ceremony connected 
with the initiation of members. There was simply the giving of the estab- 
lished "grii)" and countersign, the several memiiers subscribing to an obli- 
gation. Lhider the prescribed forms of initiation of the first ritual there 
was nothing lacking in the way of ceremon\-. The para])hernalia and neces- 
sar\' appointments for the initiation ceremony were of a character to make 
one's hair >tand on end, if he slmnld tnieN]jectedly meet the outfit on a dark 
tiight, all alone. J'ari of the outfit was an old-fashioned gable-roofc<l coffin, 
with a grinning skeleton lying therein, and grave-digger'> touls con\eniently 
near, 'flic candulale wa^ led to this outfit, Muidfolded, ;m1(1. kueelin- down, 
wa> rei|uneil lo i.ake a solemn oMii^ation of lnyalty. 'I'he cousei|uence of the 
\iolatit)U ol this pledge was re\ealed when the blind was removed and he 
caught a glimpse of the sugge>ti\e scene belore him. The pro\isions fur the 
muster of recruits under the old ritual were intended to be profoundly sol- 
emn and inipressix ely "scary." 

'fhe first muster of recruits rmd the organization of posts under the old 
ritual was comlucted under the adminislr.-ition cjf Gen. .Valban Kimliall, then 
department conini;mder of Indiana. There \\as (|m'le an interest in the 
organization of Grand .\rmy jHists in Indiana, and in other slates about this 
time, and the membershiii of the order increased rapidly din-ing the years 


1S67 and i8()8. lUil there was a ik-cline in the \ears fdlldwing and tlie 
organization was on the wane. Tliis was due, iargel)-, [u pciHtics, wliieli was 
a jiredominant feature of tiie organization at tiiat time, and it was intended 
to Ije such by th()se who were ciiielly instruniental in forming tlie constitution 
and ritual, d'he organization, in fact, was largely in control of some who 
were prominently identihed with one of the leading political parties of that 
time, and it easily degenerated into a political maciiine, operated and con- 
trolled l)y designing politicians for sellish pnrijc;)ses. Of course, such an. 
organizati<.in would lind no fa\'or among soldier.s who were inclined to affil- 
iate with an)' other ])(>litical party; and, in fact, it was not in the favor of 
many whose sympathies and afhliations were with the party largely controll- 
ing tiie organization. A secret ])i:ilitical organization, however worthy its 
purp(«e, or lu.)we\er worthy its individual memhersliip, can never Ije a per- 
manent success; or, at least, should not lie a success, nor ha\'e approval of 
true, loyal American citizens. 

A few of the prists in this and in other states maintained their organiza- 
tion during these \-ears of decline, and these formed the nucleus for the 
greater Cranil .\rm)- id' the Repuhlic that the world knows tndaw In the 
me;mtime, wi.^er heads gathered in council and a new constitution and ritual, 
and new, were pre])are<l, hy which politics was al)Solutely pro- 
hibited in the order, l-'raternitw cliarit\- and loyally were made the cardinal 
]3rinciples, the "broad foundation stone, on which the order rests." These 
new rules and regulations, with the rexised and more sensiljle ritual, were 
adopted in the early seventies. These met with the approval of the intelli- 
gent soldier citizens, .'unl from that time the (jrand .\rmy of the Republic 
look on new life. It uui-easeil in meniber.-.hii) rapidly from that time until 
it became the greatest semi-military (jrganization the world has e\-er known, 
commanding the respect of citizens throughout tliis and other lands, regard- 
k'--s ol partw creed or nalionalil \-. 

oi;c,.\Niz.\rioN Ol'- nil': I'osr ix w.vsiit.vcvrox. 

The organization of a Grand .\rmy post in Washington under the old 
ritual was alTected by the tuiwise policy that controlled the order, and did 
not long endure. It was se\'eral years after the adoption of ihe new ritual, 
and the new rules and regulations, before delunte steps were taken t'.) re\'i\'e 
the interest in the organization there. There was one duty, liowe\er, that 
the veterans of the Civil W'.ar had .assumeil that was not permitted to tall 
into decline. That was the custom of decorating with llowers the gra\es of 


deceased comrades on tlie ^otli of Ma_\-, each }ear. This custom was estah- 
lishcd tlie year after the close of the war and it has lieen sacrcdl)' ohser\-ed 
h\- the \etcrans an<l their h-iends in Washington. Without some organiza- 
tion to take charge of arrangements for this oli>er\-ance, the Memorial Day 
exercises were not alwa_\'s as apiiro].n"iate as the occasion rci|in'red, and this, 
no douht, had somethin,g to d(] with turnini; the ihous^hts of the \-eterans 
to the necessity of reor.Ljanizini;- the (irand Army post. It was immediately 
following- .Memorial Day, iSSj, dial this thou..;hi took definite form. Appli- 
cation was made to (\vn. James k. ('arnahan, then dL-])artment commander 
of Indiana, lor a charter for the orL;aniz;ition of a (Iranil .Armv post at 
Washington. This applicaliim was a])pro\etl and an order gi\-en for the 
muster of the post, a musterint^ ofticer heint;" detailed for that pur])ose. .\c- 
cordinL;'l\-, on June i, iSSj, the orj^amzation was effected with tw ent\'-three 
charter memhers, under the olficial title of "(ierher I'ost Xo. J2, Department 
of Indiana. (Irand .\rmy of the l\c]>uhlic." l-'ollowing- are the n.anies (if char- 
ter memhers: W. I'. I'.llis, j. L. Moore. T'. 1'.. Kelrnher-rr, J. ( 1. .Miller, 
Joseph l')OL;ner, John -\. Scudder, 1). V. l.'reaL;ei'. J. W. Ramsey, S. R. .Mc- 
■Cormick, Rev. R. h'.. I lawley. Joseph T. Kendall, II. II. Hyatt. S. 1". Horrall. 
Thomas C. Meredith, C. 1'. \'an Trees, I'.duard Kennedy, Jose])h fierce, 
\\'illiam C'o.x, J. II. .\chors, John W. ("rea.ger, J. \'. Ilerndon, Dennis l!un 
and J. .\l. .\clior. 

The lirsl ofhcers of the post were: W. P. Kllis, post commander; J. L. 
Moore, senior vice-commander; P. P. Kelenhert^er, junior \ ice-C(imman(ler ; 
J. (i. Miller, (|uartermaster: Jose])h Pogner, ofticer of the day; John A. 
ScuiMer, surgeon: D. \'. Oeager, ofticer of the guard; J. W. Ramse_\-, adju- 
tant; S. R. McCormick, sergeant-major: Re\'. R. i'..M l;iw le\-, chapl.ain, ami 
Josc]ih T. Kendall. i|uartermaster-sergeant. 

The folic iwing ha\e served as po>t commanders since the organi/;ilion. 
eiL;ht oi iimc o| [\\:>;r named li.i\ ing nimacI li'r two oi- moi"v u i nis, e;ich : 
W . I'. i:ih-, Jo.rph i:..gncr, J. W. Ram-e\, ( ieorgc W. .M.-ran. Jame> W. 
Ilai"i-, h-dw.ird KeiuKA', J. 1". llermlou. 7.:ick Jones. W. .\. (inv. William II. 
.'springer, i'hilip llart. .\ikman (" J. W. Kellenis, [ohn D. Pierr\', 
Jose]ih .'^. .Streeter, h'rank Wise, (ieorgc W. .Snider, |ohn, (). 11. 
lh-;um. William IL Waller, I lenrv I'.ell, Charles \'.. Peek and John II. Davis. 

The ofiici'rs of the post for 1(113 .are: John II. I).i\is, commander; 
William 11. h":iris, senior \ ice-commander ; William Wirt^, iimior \ice-com- 
mander; Thoin;is Harris. dlTiccr of the da\ ; h'raneis lloltzman, ■jurgeon; 
Ch.-irles 1".. Peek, chajilain; W. I'. Pllis, (|uartermaster ; Joseph (."Inn-ch. of- 

i^aviilSs coi'N'-iv, iKin.wA. 267 

licer uf llic i^uard; P'rank A. lAaiis, ailjutaiil; A. I".. Johiusun, seTgcaiit- 
major, and L'lcnjaniia Tulsun, quartL'rinast(.T-^crgcanl. 

Under tlie rules uf tlie CIraiid Ami)' of the Kcpuhlic, posts may select 
names onl_\' from jiersons deceased, if individual names are chosen for the 
■official title of posts. Names of distinguisiied soldiers of the Civil War 
are favorite selections for names of posts, but only one post in each depart- 
ment is permitletl to use the same name, and that must l>e bv the ai)proval 
of the de[)artment ctjmmander. Names of posts can be changed onlv by the 
same apijroval. On the death of General Grant, in 1885, there was a great 
rivalr)' of posts in each department to have their name changed to that of 
this distinguished soldier, iiy the prompt action of J. \V. Ramsey, who was 
post commander at that time, the Washington post secured this honor. On 
receiving news of General Grant's death, Post Commander Ramsey immedi- 
ately wired Department Commander booster, at b'ort Wayne, requesting that 
-Gerber Post be changed to U. S. Grant Post, wliich rei|uest was granted. 
Ramsey's telegram was the hrst of scores of others making like request. 

oTHKK r(]Si's IX i) couN'rv. 

A number of other posts ha\e been organized in the count\-. In almost 
>every town and village, where there was a snliicienl number of veterans 
of the Civil War, a Grand Army post was organized and the organization 
flourished for a time. But death and the infirmities of age have marked the 
passing years (jf the veterans, and so depleted their ranks that most of these 
smaller posts have gi\en up their charters and disbanded. Some still retain 
their organization and charter, but do not hold meetings regularly. Among 
the posts organized in the County are the following: j. W. Thornluirg Post 
No. 474, at ( )don. organized August ii>, iSS(), with the following charter 
member^ : \\(\ C 'on ell, W. II. Kuuiauian, ( i. W . { "r itch low. 1.1). I.angblin, 
II. .\'. ( nrrell. P.. R. Sears. .Muliael Walliek, llarn>on I'.rowning. b'.li Helm, 
Ci. D. .\brab;ini, Samuel l)uiila|i, William .Mel larroii. .\. K. i^ane, Z. \'. 
Garten, JmIiu Hubbard, j.ames I'. T.-iylor, William II. llriner. b'bn Stout, 
John (J'ndl. S. I.. Ketcham, William Hubbard, ll,ir\c\ .Manning. William 
(iadberry, H. 1.. Mc<'arter, Jacob I'liiiii, (;. J). I'.lsivic, b'.lias (dark, John 1!. 
Phipps, b'liii l>. Williams, J.iiiies l'a\ne. Thomas \\ .-idsworth, ( k'lnenl 
Dunlap, William j. Slimp, 11. I\ Mcl'";irland. |obii IliU'licock, |;unes S. 
Kinnamaii, William Co.\. .\iiiong those who h;o e srr\ ed as coiiuu.-uiders 
of the J. W. TlKU-iiburg ]' are the following: G. .M . Crilchk .u , T. .M. 
Ih-own, .\;ir(Jii llatlery, J. 1'. Taylor.' 


Plainview Pi«t No. ^^2, Grand Army of tlic Repulilic, was organized' 
at Plainville, May 3, 1892. The present nieml)ership is fourteen. Afeet- 
ings are held irregularly. David H. Dyer, Allen Daugherty and D. V. Ellis 
are among those who have served as commanders of this post. 

M. B. Cutler Post. No. 537, at Elnora, was organized in 1892. with a 
good list of charter memljers. The following have served as commanders 
of this post : John Edmondson, Milton Farris, William Slimp and W. New. 
The post's regular time of meeting is the first Saturda\' evening of each 

McCarty Post No. 251, at Alfordsville, was organized in 1886. This 
post has a good membership and was in a flourishing condition for several 
years. The name does not appear in the Grand .Army roster for 1914, and 
it is presumed that the charter had been surrendered and the post disbanded 
prior to that time. Among those who have served as commanders of Mc- 
Carty post are the following: iVlfred W^ebber, Joseph Arvin, G. W. Cochran, 
William Patrick, John G. Leming, Philip Scales and James W. Gilley. 


U. S. Grant Circle No. 19, Eadies of the Grand Army of the Pepublic, 
was organized on July 24, 1897, by Mattie C. Smith, of I^afayette. Indiana. 
This organization is allied with the U. S. Grant I'dst, Grand :\rmy of the 
Republic, and its object is to work in harmony with the Grand Army in the 
relief of needy and distressed soldiers of the Civil War, and the families 
of those deceased, and to teach patriotism in the public schools and inculcate 
a S])iril of ])atriotisni and devulinn to the flag an>ing the ])eople of the coni- 
nuinity. kdigibility to memliership in this order is liased on relationship to 
a soldier or sailor who had honorable service in the Ci\il ^\'ar — a N\ife. or 
daughter, or lineal female descendant of ,-1 \'eteran. I'ollowing are the names 
of the charier mem])ers of U. S. Grant Circle: Mrs. Sudie P. Dowden, 
Mrs. Rebecca E. flollis, Mrs. ITaltie Schurz, Mrs. Mary C. Eitts. Afrs. Eay 
E. Wagoner, Airs. Tillie Jacobs, Mrs. Clara Carnahan, Mrs. Afargaret 
Gilley, Mrs. Lavinia Lemmon, Airs. Eliza Ramsey, Mrs. Alarv- E. Gold, 
Airs. Gertie Tilston, Airs. S. S. I3oaz, Airs. Plarriet Summers, Airs. Edward 
Kennedy, Aliss Aland (dark, Aliss Alattie Roberson, Aliss Edith Waller, Airs. 
Afaggie P)erry, Airs. Hugh Sullivan, Airs. Alary E. Fidlerton, Airs. Emma 
Nixon, Aliss k:tta P.lackwell. 

The first officers were: Airs. Alary C. Eitts, president: Airs. Rebecca 
E. liollis, secretarv; Airs. I.a\in;i l.emmon, treasm"er. 


The present officers are: Mrs. Mary I-lllis, president; Airs. Sarejjta 
Summers, senior vice-president; Mrs. Belle Karris, junior vice-president; 
Mrs. Sarah Jackman, chaplain; Mrs. Agnes Dove, conductress; Mrs. Harriet 
Burris, assistant conductress; Mrs. Fannie Bruner, guard; Hattie Eslinger, 
assistant guard; ]Mrs. Vina Truelove, patriotic instructor; Mrs. Ktta Dear- 
min, treasurer; Mrs. Margaret Padgett, secretary. 

The membership of the order on May 20, 1915, was one hundred and 
sixty-seven. This includes forty-one \'eterans and eleven sons oi veterans, 
whu are entitled to honorary memhership in the order. 


The Society of the Daughters <if the American Kevolulion was organ- 
ized in W'ashingtnn, D. C, October 11, 1S')(1 It has for its object the 
peri)etuation of the memory of those who achie\-ed American independence, 
the collection of relics of earlier American days, the protection of historical 
spots, the encouragement oi histi.irical research in relation to the Revolution, 
and the preservation of the records of individual services of Revolutionary 
soldiers and patriots. The National Society of the Daughters of the Ameri- 
can Revolution has members in e\ery state, and in nearly every territory 
•of the United States. The society as a whole has a charter granted by the 
C'ono-ress of the United States; a national ct)nstitution, a national treasury, 
and the governing bocjy, the continental congress. Formal organizati(jn oi 
the society occurred on October 11, 1890, and the dark blue and white of 
Washington's staff was chosen for the society's colors. The design of a 
golden spinning-wheel was chosen for a badge. The lirst chapter was 
formed in Chicago, Illinois. ' -^ 

OKi;.\\l/. AIION 0|- IllF, WASllIXCroX' IIIAI'TF.R. 

While the matter of organizing a chapter of the Daughters of the 
American Revolution in Washington was under consideration by those who 
would be eligible to meiubership for some time jirior to 1006, it was not 
until the latter part of that year that definite action towards an organization 
was taken. In response to a call, several of those who were members of 
the order in other chapters held a meeting and decided to proceed to the 
organization of a local chapter. In accordance with this decision an organ- 
ization was effected on October 2, 1906. under the name of White River 
('hai)ter No. 429, Daughters of the American Revolution. Following are 


the names of tlie charter iiicniIi(.TS ; Mrs. .Matilda Sciuldcr, .\[rs. El\a Uon 
Durant taliel, Mi^s L. JMsepliine ( ■liapiiian, Mrs. Alice l'".\ans ('urning, Mrs. 
hllizaheth .Scu.l.ler Hall, Mis^ I'ausy llnrrall, Mrs. I'dla T. L'eek Mclvernan, 
Mrs. I'earle Jlorrall Uedfcjrti, Miss Marj;arel [■'.lien Scuclder, Miss Lucretia 
Wood, Mrs. Mary e'. Shirlc)-, Mrs. Matilda lloyd. 

'I'lie organization was perfected 1)_\' the election of tlie following to 
ser\-e as the first otiicers of the society: Mrs. Elva Bon iXn'ant Cabel, 
regent; Mrs. Alice Corning, vice-regent; Mrs. Mary (,.'. Shirley, recording 
secretary; Miss 1.. J. ('hai)inan, cnrresponding secretary; Mrs. Piiatilda Boyd, 
registrar; .Mrs. I'dizaheth .S. llall, treasurer; Miss I'ansy llorrall, historian. 

l-'ollow ing are the names of who ha\e .served as regents since 
the organization; .Mrs. I'dva Hon Durant Cabel, .Mrs. .\Jar\- C. Shirley, 
Mr'^. .Mary l\ I'lOrders, Mrs. Stella .McCal'ferty, Mrs. hdizaheth I'.ogner. 

in the line of special wdrk done li_\- the chapter, the purchase of the 
old I.ashly cemetery and the jjlacing of markers at the graxes of Re\'olu- 
tionar\- sdldiers huried therein, are notable examples, ( *ne of these gra\'e.s. 
is that of Ceorge l.ashl}-, a soldier in the l\e\dhuionar\' War, after whom 
the cenieterv touk its name. The chapter has made contributions of money 
to the jxHir fund' ot the city and to the county hospital fund. It also has 
done a commendable, patriotic work in the ijreseniation of silk flags to all 
the ])rimary departments ni the city jiublic schools. The regular meetings 
of the chapter are on the first l-"rida\' of each month. It has a membership 
(if thirty-se\en, all acti\el\' interested in the work ol the chapter and in the 
increase ni its membership and usefulness. The regular work of the chapter 
is along historical lines, a [)rogram oi topics for historical research for 
each meeting being outlined in tlieir year-book'. 

The re(|uirements for establishing eligibilit\- To membership in the 
naugluers iii the .\merican Revohitiou, as prescribed b\' the rules nf the 
national oigaiii/ation. are \im\ snict. All api)licaiious lor membership must 
be submitted to the national authority, and exideiice of the eligibility of the 
a|)plicant must be established by authentic (kjcumentary i)roof the appli- 
cant is a lineal descendant of a l\e\'(jlutionary soldier, or one who rendered 
])atriotic ser\ice in that w;ir. Traditional or hearsay e\idence is not accepted 
as proof of eligibility, liecause of the exact recjuireinents to establish proof 
of their lineage, those whose applications ha\e passed approwal, and eligibility 
to membershilp \erifled, may be justified in feeling a consideralile degree 
of jjride in the inlierited honor. 



l^ollowiiiL;" is a list of uienihers nf White River chapter, aiiil the Rev(j- 
lutionai")' aneestnr ol each, hy whom eh'i^ihihly to iiieiiiheishi|) is estal>lisheil : 
Airs. Lillian .Vnnstrim^, descendant id" J,ieut.-(dl. James lohnson, nf Penn- 
sylvania; .Mrs. I'".hzal)eth Uot^ner. descendant i>\ Lieut. Ilenrv ("hase, (jf 
.Massachusetts; .Mrs. Matilda llmd, descendant nf (MI. Nathaniel Scudder, 
(if .Xew Jersey; .Mrs. Alar_\- llorders, descendant of Ser<;t. Juhn .Scott, nf 
Snuth Carolina; Mrs. Ll\a li. C'ahel, descendant of Lieut. Josiah 'fanner and 
CMrporal ])arl)\- .Mctlannnii, uf Suiith Carolina; Miss Josephine Chapman, 
tlesceiidant of I'ri\ate Juhn Wallace, of \'iri;inia; .Mi's. Mar\- K. Chajjuian, 
descendant of Lieut. -( 'nl. (ienr^e W'ilsnn, of I'ennsyK ania ; .Mrs. .Mice ( 'orn- 
ing, tlcscendant of I'rn.ale |ose]ih X'eelv, of I'enns\l\ ania ; .Mrs. I''.liz;d)eth 
llall, descend.ant ol < ol. .Xathaniel .Scudder, of Xew Jerse\-; Miss I'ans)' 
Ihirrall, descendant ot l'ri\ale John Wallace, of \'irL;niia; .Mrs. Xancv 
llorr.all, descen<lant of Lieut. -I Ol. lame.s Johnsnn. of 1 'euns\-l\ania ; Mrs. 
.\nna L}can, descendant of ('aplam .\ndrew Alann and (.'.aptaiu lames 
Alartin, of I 'enns\-l\ ania ; .Mrs. .Stella Met all ert}', descendant of Ser<;eant 
Jtihn Waller, of Virginia; .Mrs. .Mai'v .McKernan, descendant nf l'ri\ate 
John Wallace, of \irj;inia; .Mi's, hdla Leek, descendant >>{ l'ri\:Ue J^hn 
Wallace, of V'irjL^inia; Mrs. I'earl Kedlord, descendant of l'ri\ate |ohn 
Wallace, of \'irt(inia; Mrs. Harriet L.'idspinner, descendant of Lrixale .\sa 
Sh.'Utuck, of Al.'iss.achusetls ; Mrs, ( li'ace Roclarmel, <lescendant of Ijeut.- 
('ol. ( leorL;e Wilson, of I'enns\I\ ani;i ; .Mrs. ( leo Reed, descendant of Lieut. - 
( ol. I.anies ]ohnson, ol I 'enns\'l\ ;una ; Mrs. Alary .Shirlex', descendant of 
Samuel l)akin, minute-man and suryeant, I'rivate Daniel Lrook's, Capt. 
Daniel (.'hute, ('a]it. Jose])h Loore. James Chute, minute-man, ;dl of Alassa- 
chusetts; .Miss Margaret 1''.. Scudder. descendant of 'Col. X;ilh;iniel Scudder, 
ol .\e\\ L'isc\ ; .Mrs. .S;irepl,i .Summers, descendant ol Lieut. -('ol. |;imes 
loliusiiii, of 1 'eiiiis\ 1\ ania ; .Mrs. Lucri'li;i Lonham, descendant of .Surgeon 
John .\nderson .Scudder, of .Xew Jersey; Airs. I''.li/.aheth William, descend- 
ant of Private John Wall.'ice, of X'irginia; Mrs. ( harles Seifrit, Mrs. Harry 
Hyatt, Airs. Jose|)h ( Iraham, Aliss Alary Waller, all descendants id' .Ser- 
j^'eant John Waller, of A'irginia; Mrs. Ldith Lioultman. descendant id' Lieut. - 
Col. James Johnson, of ] 'ennsyh ani.i ; Airs. Jennie Lemnion, Miss .Anna 
l^enimon and Aliss l''.dith Lemnion, all de.scendants of Sei'L;e;int Llijah 
Hammond, jjrivate secretary to Ceii. (ieorge Washington; Aliss L.aura na\is, 
descendant of Spencer Lace\', drummer, of Delaware; and Airs. Lucia (.raw- 
ford, descendant of Lieut. Henry (hase, of Ahissachusetts. 




\'eale tnwnslii]) was named after James X'eale, who was one of the 
most prominent nf tlie fu-st settlers. He came to the territory now within 
the boundaries of tiiis townsliip aljout 1807-08. Oilier settlers who came 
aiiont the same time were I'armem'us I'almer, Christopher Coleman, a j\[r. 
Lett and three suns, William and hdijah Chapman, .Muses Morgan. Thomas 
Wallace ami a Air. Cmodwin. 

\eale township was organized on Ma}- 12, 1817. Its location is in the 
southwotern part of Daviess county, hounded on the west by Knox county 
and on the >outh by I'ikc comity, the west fork of White river being the 
bonntlary line on the west, and the east fork of White river the boundary 
on the south. The jnndion id" these two streams is at the extreme southwest 
point of X'eale township. The lirst saw-mill eslabhshed in Daviess county 
was built and operateil by b'.li Chapman, on X'eale creek, in this township. 
\ eale township was al>o the location of se\cral other pioneer industries in 
Daviess countv. In its primilixe ^tate the land in W-ale township was heav- 
ily timbered with tiie finest (|uality id' o,Hk, poplar and walnut. It rec|uired 
no small amount of labor to clear the land and bring it into a state of culti- 
\atiou, the limber being considered ;m incumbrance then. It would be con- 
sidered of great \alue now. There are some sections of the township in 
which the land is bill)' and broken, but part of it is fertile and productive. 
A good deal of the river bi.ittom land is highly i)ri)ductive. In 1910 \^eale 
tf)wnshi]i had a pt)pulation oi one thousand tilty-nine. Stanton Barljer is 
the present township trustee. 


The first (hstillery in Daviess county was erected by "Obe" FHnt in 
1 810. Like most of the other early industries hereabout, this institution was 


estalilishcil in \'c;ilc low nshiij, two niik-s south of Alaysville. i'rior to this 
thcTc were \aricjus kinds of stills lirotight into use. 'Jhese were general!}' 
known as '"teapot" stills and were of simple construction and limited capacity. 
1 he capacit)', however, was sullicieiit to supj)!}' home consumption. Liipior 
in the earl\ da_\s was a slajile article, as much a family necessity as bread 
and meat, it was a ta\orite remedy for the various ills ihat were prevalent, 
chief of which were malaria ami snake bite. I'Yir the latter the whisky was 
taken straight; for the former it was usually administered in the form of 

The blint distillery, with larger cai^acity, was necessary to meet the 
greater demands on account of the increase of the early settlers. Even with 
this increase of capacity for the manufacture of whisky, the Mint distillery 
found a local market for all of its ]>roduct for several years. The home 
consumption of the early settlers kept pace with the increase of production. 
It wa^ not l)efore 1836 or 1831s, that more whisky was made than. the early 
settlers needed for home consum[)tion. 


Washington township was established on May u, 1817. ft was organ- 
ized by the county connnissi(_)ners among the lirst business transacted after 
the organization ol the county. The township comprised a large part of the 
territory of the county, as lirst established. The e.xact boundary lines are 
not \ery detinile, as the description ap|iears on the commissioners' record. 
The descri]itiou reads: " l!egiiiiiing at range 7 and 8, township 2, sections 
7 and 8, nnming thence north wilh section line, including all the inhabitance 
1 inh.abiiant> ! north of beginning line." Howev-er, this description was 
.suriicieiitl)- delinite to ser\e the pur]i. ist.' intended, and it is not probable that 
ihe "inlKibilaiicc" had am uncerlainl\ a> n> whellier or iiol ihe\ were includeil 
in W a--liiiiL;ton tow iisliip. 

I'lTir to the oi-gaiiizatioii ol \\'a>liington township a Ismail \'illage had 
been e-tabb^hed within il-- bunndary. This \-illage was called Liverpool 
and the design, in the orgauizalioii ni the county, was to m;il<e this the comity 
scat. I'urtbcr details as to bow l.iwrpool lost ils idenlit)', b\' being merged 
into the town ol Washington, are set 1 nit in another i-hapler. The popula- 
tion of Washington township in hmk. including the city of Washington, 
was eleven thou^.and tour hnndred and lnur. 'Ihe pre^-eiil trustee is (ames 
K. (iillev. 



Reeve tuwnsliip was anotlier cli\'isi(iii dI the cijiinty establislied at tlie 
first meeting of tlie county ccjinniissioners. The houndary lines of tliis 
township, as descriljcd on the records, follow: "Beginning at Aiknian's 
creek and running up said creek to the head, thence on a direct line to the 
mouth of Lick creek, thence down White river to the place of beginning." 

This township took its name from tiie first settler in that territory, 
Joshua Reeve. He came from South Carolina to this part of Daviess county 
in 1808. He is said to have been an active and enterprising pioneer. He 
built a cabin in the forest, his neighljors being wdld cats, bears, panthers, and 
other denizens of the wild woods around. \'inceinies was the nearest point 
from which Mr. Iveeve could (il)tain needed supplies, and where he could 
get in touch with people of his own race. Having frequent occasions to 
visit that place, the journey being made through the unbroken forest, Mr. 
Reeve blazed a track through the woods from his liome to Vincennes. This 
track was afterward established as a main thoroughf;u-e between these two 
points, and is now much traveled by tiie automobile. 

James and William Alford came into this territory a year or two after 
Mr. Reeve. Their advent was about 1809 or 1810. Al)out a \ear later 
James and Robert Gilley, and I'eter Helphenstine joined this i)ioneer colony. 
"Old Bill" Allen, as he was crdled, came about 1812, and a Mr. Kelso came 
along soon afterward. The lirst land entr\' in the territor)- comprising the 
township w'as maile by Joshua l\ee\'e, April 13, i8j_'. and consisted of the 
north fraction of section 23, township i, range 5. The next eiury was 
made by Trice Stafford in 1814; two others in 1815, by Jacob Iveeder and 
William Ballow, respectively. The f(jllowing year entries were made by 
|(K(.'iih llaNs, Isaac 1 tolling>\vorib, [''.dward .\ilains. ( 'aleb Urock and Henry 
l''o^lei\ broui ilii> time oil, the sfttU'incnt increased I'apidly ami land entries 
were UKjre fre(|uent. The township has since kept ])ace with the rest of the 
county in the general march of progress. 

Ree\e township had a poi>ulation of one thousand five hundred and 
seventy-six in 1910. David S. Jacknian, at Alfordsville. is the pre>ent town- 
ship trustee. 


Barr township was organized on August 4, i8i(). the territory being 
taken from the ea^t jiart of Washington townshi]). .\niong the early set- 
tlers of tliis township were Idngh Barr, alter whom the town^hip was named. 


Otlier early settlers were James Miint,L;<iiiiery, William Dant, Nicholas Kid- 
well, J^,^,c■l)ll Miller, JmIhi Sliepar.l, John Allison, John U. Kendall and Will- 
iam Williams. These, and most of the first settlers, came from Kentucky. 
Williams prairie was named after William Williams, the first settler in that 
section, ahunt two miles west of Mi.intgi.mery. Barr township is the largest 
in the county, CdUtaining seventy-two sections, and the largest numher of 
earl)- Land entries were made in this tiiwnshi|j. The splendid farming lands 
of Barr township have l^een developed hy the industry and energy of the 
early settlers and those who have succeetled them. Tiie township is not only 
endowed with a wealth of agricultural resources, hut is underlaid with an 
ine.xhaustihle Ijed of the finest coal. Some of the hest coal in the state comes 
from mines located in Earr t<iwnship. 

Including I'annelhurg and Montgomery, Barr township had a popula- 
tion of three thousand three Inmdred and thirly-fi\'e in 19 10. The trustee 
is Dam'el Iv Carlin, at ^Montgomery. 


A story related hy old inhahitants with a memory dating hack to early 
limes, illustrates some of the ways the pioneers had of amusing themselves, 
in the intervals of clearing the woods and mauling r.ails. This story relates 
to a barhecue held at the house of "Billy" \^'illiams, (juc of the early settlers 
(d" Barr town>hip, in 1820. The story has ap])eared in print he fore, hut it 
is worthy of reproiluction and preservation in the history of Barr township. 

It is relateil that "Billy" William^ was the owner of a pet bear, and it 
was his boast that this bear could make a successful fight against all the 
dogs in the neighborhood. .So c</nfirmed was he in that belief that he made 
an open challenge to the owners of drigs in all the country around to come 
with their dogs on a certain day and he would show what the bear could 
do with the bnneli. '1 be challenge was ;iccepied and .about twentv cir thirty 
dogs were gathered for the content. The dogs \\ere of all l.ireeds, some 
of them champions in every fight in wliich they had engaged. The owners 
thi.night it would be rare sport to see how i|nickl\' either one of these cham- 
]iions could "chaw up" "Billy" Williams's ]jei bear. It was fierce and excit- 
ing while it lasted. But it didn't last long. Some of the champion (logs, of 
which their owners boasted, did not st.'iy to see the finish. With an appar- 
ently instinctive realization that discretion is the better part of valor, they 
stuck their tails between their legs and went liowling through the woods. 
One sight of that belligerent was enough. (3ther dogs, with more 


courage and less discretinn. entereil inle the figlit. One after anotlier was 
laiil I lilt and the hear was \'ietnri(Jiis. 

Of ciiurse "Hilly" \\'illiani^ was proiul (^f his hear, hut his pride did 
not ox'erconie hi^ s\iniialh_\- fur ihe humiliated (iwiiers of the mutilated and 
discredited dugs. Tn things e\-eu, he pniposcd tn ha\e a harhecue and 
make a sacrificial ulTering (if his champion i)et hear. This generous offer 
was gladl\' accepted. The hear was killed, rriasted and eaten hy the feirty or 
fiftx' ])eMplc whii had cmne tn see the omtcst. 

130G.\KI) TOW'NSIlIf. 

A section comjirising "all that jiart of Da\iess coiuit\' h'ing north of 
i'rairie creek," was, h\' order of the hoard of county commissioners, May 
9, t8jo, organizetl in a township anil given the name of Itogard. Among 
the th-st settlers in this to\\ushi]i was hdias j\l\'ers, who came from North 
Carolina in 1X16. The record shows that he maile an entr\' ot land in [S17, 
his entrv lieing one-half of section 30, township 4, range 6. Others who 
caine ahont the same time were jo.scph Summers, John rienelield, John An- 
derson, John L'lurch, Smallwood ("anwood and David Killion. The record 
shows that these all made land entries during the \-ear 1S17. .Vmong other 
early settlers were .Mivahani Snxder, who settled immediately east of I'.psom ; 
John Kumiuer, who settled west, and Jose]ili Myers, wlio settled immediately 
south of h'.psom. The ]iresent school house in h'.psoiii is on what was for- 
merlv lolin Rnmiiier's land. The Piwiiship was named lor W. llogard, who 
was killed h\' the Indians. 

l!y the United States census of ii)ic), I'.ogard township had a jjopnla- 
tion of one thi.iusaud fixe hundred and se\-enty-four. Richard M. Williams, 
I'lainville. is the pi'escnt trustee of the township. 

i:I..MOI;i: loWNsMU'. 

In I'csponse to a petition presented lo ihe hoard of commissioners 
another towushi]) esiahlished, .\ugnst \ t,. iNji. 1i\- taking a section of 
territor\- off the north |iart of I'ld^ard township. Ihe name gi\'en to this 
new towiishi]) was hdiuore, after the h.lniore famil\-, in ihe \icinit\' of whose 
hriines the llrsl \-oting precinct was located, it is claimed that the h.lmores 
were not the lirst settlers within the houndaries of this township, .\niong 
lliosi. who are |irohalil\- entitled lo this distinction are I'.dwanl Johnson, Will- 
iam I'addock, Solomon Di.von and Joseph Taylor. h'.ach of these made 



lauil entriL-s as early as 1816. 'I"he first land untry iiuule Ijv an Elmore, as 
sliuwn liy the reeonl, was lliat df l^aac l".lin(ire, in CK'toher, 1818. For the 
next lew years l^lllo\vin.^^ there was quite an iinniij^ratinn to this ])art ui the 
county and land entries were ni Ireiitient ueenrrenee. Auk my those who 
settled here during these years were James RoliinsdU, Terry Tate, Alexander 
kogers, Thomas Rogers, John 1\. I.dUg, Chri^to])her, Jonathan and Isamh 
Johnson, and l'a>cal Rncker, the latter cnming truui Kentuckv in 182:;. The 
J'iog-erses did nut remain many years. \\'ith a \ iew of llnding a better loca- 
tiDU. the)' hnili a llathnat and lluated ilnwn White river, destniy not known. 
A Tennessee C(jlony came in 18J5, among them memhers ni which were 
William .Moore. Jackson Jlaynes and Stephen, h'deazar and Ididmas Reason. 

'1 he iieople who settled in I'Jniore township in early times were an 
intelligent and industrious cla-^s, I'.v their frngal hahits and exemplary 
lives they e^tahlished a community characterized hy its gocid citizenshi]). 
This character has heen maintained h_\ the succeeding generations. As a 
cla'-s the chixens uf hdmore tii\\n>hip rank with the lie>t. 

'I his tnwiiship, including the town of h.luora, hail a p< ipulatii m of two 
thon-;md tw<i hundred and sixty-eight in 1910. Ciiffurd h'arris, Elnora, is 
the present lowuship trustee. 


1 his tiiwnshij) was originalK- calleil Wallace, which was organizetl in 
18i,-i. ( )n petition of citizens interested, the name uf the township was 
changed to .MadiMin in 18,vs. The territorv included in this tuwiiship 
lies in the nortliwest cumer ul the cuuntv. I'.aldwin lloward was amuug 
the llrst settlers uf the territiir\- included in thi.s tuwnship. lie lived ahuut 
a mile south uf the prc-sent town of ( )dou. The first Land entr\- was made 
1)\ /cliulou letiknis. .SiMiu Inllnwiug him miiies were made 1)\- Ruhert 
lAaus, .Sr.. S.unuel lluL;hen .uid (iilniore. 1 hesi' enliies were 
made in 18_M and I8_'J. In the few years fnllowing other land entries 
were m.ade \>v Renianu'n Coombs. Jose]ih If \'an Mati'c, Joshua Manning, 
Joseph. John and llar\ey llastmgs. Retilien and ( Ie(.]rge Rainey and Will- 
iam Welister. the latter about 18,i0. Jacob and I'^.li Kinnaman came to 
the township in 18.^8, coming directly from .Stark county. ()hio; their 
father and the rest of the family traveling the entiie distance in a fonr- 
horse wagon. It is related that Jacob was not highly ])Ieased with the 
change of location. lie declai'ed that be would return to Ohio as soon as 
he had mone\' enough to ])av for the journev. Tt is .also related that he 


was quite successful in making- money here and souu lind a sufiicient amount 
to pay for his return, but he continued to Hve in the Daviess county set- 

Alailison townbliip had a pnpnlation of two thousand three hun- 
drctl and se\ent\-one. inckuling the town of Odon, in I'Utl. The iiresent 
trustee is Rufus 1). McCarter, of ( >don. 

Among the early settlers was a colored man h\ the name of fli-n I'er- 
kins. According to a story, handed down from early times, Perkins was a 
general faxorite, notwithstaniling his color. It is related of him that he 
tried to pass himself olf for a I'ortuguese, on arcnunt of his color, not 
being a full black. In this lie was not \er\- s\iccessfnl; Imt he was ^^uccess- 
fiil in \-oling regularly and uilhoul a challenge, befure cnhired men had 
the right of in Indiana. Hen's afliliatidus were with the Whig 
party, and he alwa\-s \otetl that ticket. In the s[iring of 1X56 the Know- 
Notlnng ])arty luul candiilates for the \arious offices in Madison townshi[), 
llie Whig partx' imt being rcprcseiUed. This left I'en "u]) in the air" as 
to how he ought id casi his ballnt. ,\t that time the tnwnship elected three 
schtiol trustees and a clerk. The Democrats, in order [>' run a blulT on the 
Know-Nothing part)', made Hen Iheir candidate for township clerk'. To 
the surprise of the Democrats, and everybudy else. Den was elected. And 
it is said he made <'ine of the best clerks the tnwnship e\'er had. .\t the. 
Presidential election in the following iail the Democrats conlidentl\ e\]:)ected 
that Ben would return the favor and ball in line for Buchanan. Hut in tin's 
ihev were disappointed. Picn cast his ballot for John ('. Fremont, the first 
Republican crmdidate for President. It was se\'eral years after before Ben 
was entitled to vote legally. 


Steele io\\nsln|) was org.ani/ed in 1S35 ))y taking another slice olf of 
Washington township. Steele lies north of Washington township and 
borders on White river. The fact that a considerable i)ortion of the land 
in this t(.)wnship lies along the river, and is low and flat, accounts for the 
fact that the rush of early settlers tn this iiart of the county was nut as great 
as in other ])arts. Most of the early settlers of Da\iess county came from 
Kentucky, Tennessee and the Camlinas. They had been reared among the 
hills and had been accuslomed i" the cultivation of Land more or less elevated. 
In coming to this new country ibe hills and high ground apjieared to them 
the most favorable place for setllement. The lower lands, especially the 


river bcjttonis, the early settler avoided; not only because of the greater ditii- 
culty in getting this kind ot hind in condition for cultivation, but because 
ul the fear of malaria that was suppusetl to be more i)re\'alent there. The 
newcunier tu Indiana in those das's, and for many days and years after, 
had a holy horror of the "ager" and the "milk sickness." The terror of 
wohes and wild cats was not a circumstance comparetl to the dread of these 
diseases. Whatever gn^mnd there may ha\e been the belief that malaria 
was mure ijre\alcnt in the rixer bottoms than elsewhere, certain it is that 
when the low lands were cleared up and put in a condition for culli\alion, 
the malaria disappeared. .And the \enturesome people who had the energy, 
enterprise and foresight to piu'chase these lands, and put them in a state 
of cidtixation, were abundantly rewarded in the m■)^t \ aluable and pro- 
ductive land in the county. 

\ erv few. if anw lanil entries were luadc in the territory of Steele 
town^hip ])rior to iNjo. l-".ntrie> were made by .Andrew Couchman, Abra- 
ham C.'i^e and .\lexander R. Hinds in )8-M, ami by ]''.liab ISeddle and Josiah 
Culbertson in the hitter i)art of the same }'ear. Since the lirst settlement, 
Steele township has kept jiace with the rest of the ciunty in the way of 
imi)ro\ed farnmig. b^r se\eral \ears the farmers were at a disadvantage 
because of the lack of transportation facilities. The ci'mstruction fif the 
W'abasli & Erie canal through the township ga\'e lio|ies of im]iro\cinent, Ijut 
the hopes were blasted when the canal went dry. Several vx-ars later the 
railroad came and relieved the situation. Plainville, a pretty little village 
in the township, is an important station on the railroad and a convenient 
shi])ping point for the abundant produce (jf the farms in the vicinity. 

Steele town>hi|) had a ix.pulation of one thousand eiglit Irundred and 
r]ft\--two in 1910. Tiie present township trustee is Charles A. Banta, 
riain\ ille. 

ii.vuKisoN ■row.\siiH*. 

Harrison township was created iiut of parts of \'ea!e and Rees'c town- 
ships, by order of the connnissioners. in June, 1841. This was one of the 
early settled portions of Daviess county. The first to arrive, it is Iielievetl, 
were A\'illiam and Lewis Jones, who came from South Carolina in 1812. A 
little later the\ were joined by Cliristo[jher and Jeremiah Gregory, from the 
same state. These were followed about a year later by others from South 
Carolina, among whom were Samuel Comer, John Edwards. Creen. John 
and Thomas McC;irfert\-, and Jo.-'Ci)!! and \\'illiam Jones. Altogether there 



was quite a culuiiy ut people ainniig the lir^t >eitlei>. m this t(l\\ll^hip from 
South (- arohiia. J he lir^t laiul eiitrieb in llairiMHi lowusliij) were made 
in 1814, h\- Josepii Lase, Robert IJays and I'lha^ St>>ne. 

Tile po[)ulation ol Harrison lownsiiip in njio was one thousand one 
hundred and nine. The present township trustee is L'.ernard Gillooly, 3ilunt- 

VAN liLFKliX T0\VNS11I1\ 

The last township organized in l)a\iess eount\' was \ an iJuren. It 
^vas ereated out ul parts of l.'>arr and ALachson towiL^hips, by order of the 
eonnnissioners, in September, 1841, ni aee(jrdauee witii a j)etilion of eitizens 
inleresteil. \'ery few land entries were made within tlie hunts of this tcn\ii- 
ship pii(jr to i8_'o, and \'ery tew earl)- settlers. That section of the eoimlry 
was fr(.-i|ueml\' \isited li)' lumlei"s and trapper^ in earl) limes, before there 
were any permanent settlers, .\mong these, two brother.-,, named l'elers(.in, are 
mentioned. Jaliez (Jsmon and William J laker are mentioned among the 
lirst to Kjcate permanentl)' in the towiishij). hraucis W illianis was an early 
settler and also an earl)' justice ol the peace. Squire ilruce and Joseph 
IJriice came later, also Asbm\\' Sims ami L"\rus (.'ro(jk, who came in 1827 
and li\'ed where l\agles\ ille is now situated. 

One of the earl)- industries of \'an lUiren township was a small dis- 
tillery. It was located in the south ]iart of the towiislnp and was Iniilt and 
operated by a man nameil Lent/. What the capacil)- of this distiller)- was 
is not a matter ot record, biU the product was probabK suflicient to sup|)ly 
tiie home <li'manil. It is staled thai there was quite a little settlement 
aroiuid the distillery. 

\'an l!m"en had a pu])ulati(ju of one tbou-,,-ind one hundred .uid ninety- 
nine in KMo. .\lbert M. Clark, of l\agles\-illc. is the present trustee of the 
tow uship. 

CTlAi'TI'.l^ XIX. 


It will l)c sninclhiiit^ of a surprise In many pL-dplL' tn kiMw thai nearly 
flirty liiwiis ha\e licen loL-ateil on the lXi\it'ss county map since the organ- 
ization ot" the eountw .Man\ of these were simpl\- "Incations," with an 
ambitions name, promoted \>\ imliviiluals in the i'omiiiunit\' who entertained 
roseate xisinns of the future. Snme cd' these xisinns were stinnilated liy 
the construction nf the old W'ahasli X; I'.rie canal, and the ])r<innse of the 
great ci iinniercial traffic that would he e>ial)lislied li\ that watercourse. .\1I 
ailing the canal route, little towns ,s|iraiig up like inushriii mis in a iiiglit. 
While the iligging uf the canal wa^ m prngres'- lui ist nf these nuishrcMiin 
towns ilid a lliiunshing husiness in siipjilying the canal diggers with the 
necessaries of life— the iriiit ol the still lieing one uf the "necessaries." The 
hnilding uf the railroatls through the count\' was the uccasimi fur uther 
little towns rinding a location uii the nia]i. .Several u| ihe^e earl\- nuinici]ial 
\entures ]iro\ed a success and ha\e hecume thriving tuwns, pi-upled with 
intelligent and enterprising citizens. Some of the hest schuols and the hesl 
churches in the county are tound in these towns. 

.\ lirief history uf the tuwns in I)a\'iess county, including tlvise that 
never made ])rogress farther than to gel a name, will he an interesting sub- 
ject for this chapter, d'aking them in alphabetical order, the lirsl uf the 
list is: 


.\1 foi"ds\ ille, in l\ee\e township, is the prmcip.'il \illage in the south- 
eastern portiuii of the county. It was laid uli. June .■>, \>>4?. b\- Isaac Harris. 
The original plat i>i the jilace shuws si\ty-fonr lots. To these, additions 
liave been made, the first being an addition of eight luts by Joseph .\. Mc- 
Cord, in \Hfi/. The lirst settler in that vicinity was J.anies .\lford, after whom 
the town was named, .\mung the other early settlers were James !'. (hUey 
.and [ames Allen. These families came fruin .Vurtli Carolina about the 
\ear b'siS. In the early thirties James Alford built the hrst house on the 
groutid now occui)ied by the town. This house stood fur man\- \ears as 


OIK- of tliL- okl laiulmarks. The estalili>h!iient of a sclioul was one of tlic 
lirst concerns of the early settlers uf Alfurdsville, and it is noted that Tn] 
I'.artle and IJarton Alfurd were enyat^ed in that ncciipation in the early 
da_\'M, these being the lirst resident sehmd teachers in the town. At ])resent 
a two-ruuui selKJdl hcnise accdinniodates the lower grades and another room 
is rented for the Ingli school, h'.rricient teachers are eni|)loved. The Meth- 
odist, r.aplist and Christian denoniinalions each has a conifortalile and well- 
appointed chm-ch in tlie town, ;nid the Knights of I'ythias order h;is a lodge 
with an acti\e nienibership. 


Thi^ is a station on the C hicago vK: l-'astern Illinois railroad. One store 
sii])plies the tratle cd" the connnunily, and a grain ekwator hanifles the 
produce of the snrrounding farms. .\ coiisider.ahle amount of husiness is 
fin-nisjied the railroad in the shipment of grain and melons from this point 
during the season. The s]n])nieut of logs is one of the active industries at 
this place, a considerable amount of good timber ].>eing found in the ^•icinit\'. 


This is a switch on the Baltimore & (. )liici railroad, located in llarr 


Cannelbnrg is an incorporated town with a population cif three luui- 
tlret^l, by the census of I'JlD. It s[)rang into existence on acc(_junt of the 
e.\tensi\e operations of the iJuckeye Cannel-Coal C_'ompan\' in the early se\'- 
enties. The town laid out by .\. J. Shot well, I. ( '. Harris and Anthon\- 
.\loois, who composed ihe co,-|l c,im])any. In 1S7_' len blocks were platted 
and di\ided into one hundi'ed and twu lots. In 1SS4 an addition of f(.irl\-- 
luur l(jls was made. I'he principal industry of the commnnit\- is coal min- 
ing, which lurnishes employment for a large number of men, and fmaiishes 
support lor most ot the lamilies in town. 'J'be cannel coal mined here is 
regar<led as being sni)erior to ;ui\- in the state, and immense (piantities i>i it 
are mined and shipped to \-arious parts of the country. I'.otli cannel and 
bitiiniinons coal are worked from the same \ein, the cannel-coal o\erl\ing 
the other in a \ein from two and one-ha.lf to five feet thitk'. The Ihu'keve 
C'annel-(."oal Company's mine was opened in 1S7<X by .\. J. Shotwell and 


L'lapp iS; llailc). ll was piii\' liy W a.sliingUiii aiul t iiKMimali ea[)ilalisls 
ill 1881. riic laic -Vustiii 1''. L'alicl, uiic oi W'ashinyUiii'^ leadint; cili^cns, 
was cuiiiiccled with llic cuiiipaii}- as ^^ccretary under iliih uri;aiii/atiuii. Alusl 
uf the prupLTly in Laniiclljuri;' is owned by llic cuin[)aiiy and the oiil_\- sKire 
is kept by tlicin. Jii the wiiUer ul i88i-8j, an epidemic of sinallpox affected 
the town, causing a large iiuinber of deaths among llie mhabitaiUb. Jii late 
years there has lieen a i.lecrea^e m the amount of CL^al taken from tliese 
mines and the number uf men emplu)ed is much less lliaii formerly, 'idiis 
has had a marked effect uiioii the iu"osi)erity of the town. 

Caniielburg is well provided with educatiijiial facilities. Jn 1914 a new 
consolidated high-school was erected, with all the modern improve- 
ments and educational equipment, 'ihis is a certified high school, recog- 
ni/ed bv the state ediicaiioiial auihorities. fhe ci'mmunit\- is largeh' of the 
L'athohc faith, 'fhey have a frame building, .\11 Saints' church, as their 
place of worship. 


'fhis town had an air of aristocrac}' about its name, and inherited 
something of distinction from its lunnder and ]ii-cinioler. lUit it was not 
able to measure up tn the one, nor to justify the ambition of the other. 
Chelsea was an effort to build up a great city at the jnnclion of the Ohio 
iv .Mississippi railrijad and the projiosed "Straight-line" railroad, of which 
the well-known W'illard I'arpenter, of E\'ans\ille, was the promoter. .\. 
town of lifteeii streets and sixty-fmir ])locks, (li\-ided into lots, was laid out 
bv Mr. C"ar])enter in 1857. .\ number of these lots were sold, a few houses 
were built and at least one store was opened in the town, of which John 
Meads was the proprietor. In the beginning id' its career Chelsea was iKit 
without prospects, but tbc-e pni-jiects were dependenl iip<.n the prospects of 
< ai pcnlei-'s ".Siraighl-lme." Hut the "."^traigbt-line" failed ;md ibe name 
ot L'helsea was changed to "Ichabod." 


This town, kjcated in I'.og.ard lownshiii, was laid out by John h. Myers 
and Samuel Cornett, in 187.5. It is nine miles northeast from Washington 
and is \ ery pleasantlv located in an excellent farming d immunity. It has 
a population of about two hundred, one store, ;i blacksmith sh(i|), a two- 
room brick school building, two frame churches, one of ihe ?\retliodist and 


iiA\ii:ss CDiixrY, ixihana. 

the (illuT III' the iKiptisl (leiiniiiiii.-ilidii. ( )ik' nn the hum I'nr a nice. i|uiel 
and respeclahle \)]-dcv in whieli tn h\c wiuiM merlonk a clianee it lie shi.iuld 
l)a>> h\- <- I irnetls\i11e. 

< OKI'.Yl'OW'X. 

l.dnkini; at the inattei' I'lnni a distant and (h^interested standimint, niie 
can ciincei\e t d' nn reason \\h\' a town n\ tliis name shnnld lung exist. And it 
didn't hint; exist. It was Inealed in V'eale township, aliunt six miles snnth 
ni Washint^liPii. on the pro|)(iscd mnte of the olil "Straif^htdine." It" it 
e\er Iiad any ])rospecls lhc\' went Ldinniierini; with the lailure ol W'illard 
Carpenter's railroad enterprise. 

("osliy was another \'eale townsln'p town that staked a chance on Tar- 
penter's raih'oad ]ii"oject, and lost. It had ;i saw-mdl and several houses, 
and enon!.;h open space around to hnild se\ei"al more houses. lUit this S[)ace 
was jUnnd to l)e more prolitahle for raisnij; corn. XH more houses were 
huilt and ^'osl)^ is onK- a meiuore ol the oldest inhahit.ant. 

('ornmg is an unpretentious little \illai;e in the noinhw estern part of 
l\ee\e townshiji, with a small population, nmstK' 'd' the Lathohc faith. 
St. Patrick's church, a hrick huildint'^, ami a l.)rick parochial residence, arc 
prominent huildings of the town. .\ new pnhlic school house is heiiiy hnilt. 
(_)ne store supplies the trade of the people near h\-. 


Ill tlic southeastern part of N'eale township is another nioilest little 
\'illage, designated on the map as ( 'umhack. Whether the founders and 
promoters of this village e\er came hack to see how the project i)rospered 
is not a matter of record. .\s a town it ne\er got \er)' far on the road 
to prosperit}-, hut has heen ahle to hold its own :ind attract the notice of 
the map-makers of l)a\-iess county. There are two stores and a few houses 
in the \illage, also a .Metlmdist church. A pnhlic school is near h\-. 


This is aiidtlKT luwii iM-eilicated mi the [)r(iiMjsilii..n that liic \\'al)ash & 
i'.rie canal was i;i'ini^ 1" (Id w iukIltIuI ihinj^s in the ua\- of (le\ eloiiiiienl 
ul the CLiunlry and in liie hmldniL; u[> ol pK i>i>enjus tnwiis and cities aloiii; 
the route. I 'av id 11. Kenned)', William S. 'riirner and Selh 11. (ruse were 
so impressed with that idea that, in 1S57, they laiil out, in a very elalj<.'rate 
manner, a plat for a town at the inter.section id' the canal and the ( )hio \: 
Missis.-^ipiH railroail, and called the (ilace h'.ldoii. dhe plat showed eii^hteen 
streets and lilty-si.\ blocks, di\ided into lot.s. It was a \ery beaulifnl plat, 
as it ap|)ears on |)aper. with lines carelulh' drawn and the names of streets 
and nnmhers ot lots disiincll\- marked. W itli this [ilal in hand the possible 
pnrchaser would lia\e had no trouble at all in localiiiL; his lot. Hut the 
collapse olthe canal marked the failure of the scheme to make a metropolis 
(d" l'!ldon. If there were aii)' ]iurchasers of lots shown on this artistic plat 
the purchaser had little concern about the location of hi> purchase. 

Elncira is a li\e, enterprising; town in h'.lmore township, ll sprang into 
existence with the completion <if the luansxille & Indianapolis railroad, in 
1885, though a postotfice and two or three stores had been established on 
the site of the new tow 11 lor several decades [)revions to thai time. The 
name of the postollice was ( )wl I'rairie, but the hamlet was called Owltown. 
September _'5, 1883, William ( ". (IrilTith and .\. \\. Sialcup laid out a town 
on the site of this little hamlet, the town plat comprising nine blocks and 
lift\-tliree lots. With wise fi'resii;lit the founders realized that the new town 
could not •uitluc the gibe> and nduu'e sugge-^led by the name ol (>whown. 
anil so ihev g,i\c ilie new lnwii the more st'iisible and ap|iropri,ite n.iuie ol 
Ivlnora, ( hi the 1 si of J,uiuai\, 1 880, the name of ihe postotfice was 
changed from ()wl I'rairie to I'.lnor.a. 

b.lnora was incoi |ior;itcd in b'-^'ij'. the eleitioii lor ci'rporatioii ollicers 
being held oil bmnaiw t> of that \ear. . I he lollowing were the first officials: 
Thomas |. I'axiie. .Vewtoii .Shake and .\lilloii 1'. 'folner, trustees; \'.. \\. 
I'.arle. Ire.isurer; fodd. niarsha! ; I'.xron ( neen, clerk. .\t the nieetiug 
of tlie board for organi/alii'ii. Inly 'K 18''2. 'I homas Taviie wa^ elected 
president. |asper Wliilinaii. 'I .\l, .Se.ars a'ld I .ee Wadsworih were elected 


scliui'l Inistcos. ll.iwanl Williams was appointed 1)\- llic lioard as cor|)0- 
ratidii attiiniey. 

'i"hc l-;iiK)ra Ciiizciis Hank was cslahlislied, January i, 1903, by James 
B. Ahell, Aaron llitelieock, Henry II. i;ee\cr and I lairy 1 [iteheock. This 
was a pri\ale enlerprise. witli James 1>. Ahell as ])resi(Ienl ; .\aron Tlitclieoek, 
vice-jjresident ; Harry Hitchcoek, cashier; 11. 11. lieever, assistant cashier. 
The hank began doin^- business in a frame building, located on the site of 
the pre.sent building, a one-story brick building, erected in 1908. The bank 
was reorganized in 19115, mi'lc-r the new banking law of the state, the list 
of stockholders lieing increased to seven at that time. 1die present ofticers 
are: Samuel Sluirtlebarger, president; Ransom Vi.>\k. vice-president; llarry 
Hitchcock, cashier; .Myrtle \\'iuklei)leck, assistant cashier. 

William Smeltzer built a small electric light plant in 1905, which served 
the town for lighting purposes until it was destroyed h\' lire in igio. The 
l)lant was rebuilt, and two or three \ears later was sold to a compan\-. Com- 
posed, in part, ol some citizens of l-".lnor;i. This company erected a new 
modern plant in the fall of 19 14. This plant was Iniilt at a cost of about 
thirty-li\e hundred dollars and is n<jw ciperated bv the Elnora Electrical Com- 
pany, of which .Sam .ShamlTelberger is president, and Charles Ross is secre- 
tary and treasurer. 

T!ie two eleNati>rs in I'dnora do a gocjd business in liandling the grain, 
of which the surrounding country is \ery productixe. The excellent sliii)- 
ping facilities afforded b_\' the two railroads enable the ele\'ators 1o \)uy the 
f.irmers the highest prices foi" their ]iroiluce. The merchants of bduora 
are generalK prosperous. man\- ol the business houses being brick' buildings 
an<l of modern structure. 1 he .Methodist denomination has a new brick 
church, erected in 191 1, at a cost of iwebe thousand dolkus. Trior to that 
time the .Methodists worshipped in a frame church, erected in tlie fall of 
iSS". at a cost of one thousand one hundred dollars. Reverend Hawes was 
the lirsi ])astor, followe.l bv .Miles \\o,,d, I.. 1',., .\. D. Ilartsock, 
II. II. .\lleii, II. .\. King, S. C). I )orsey. Reverend Louther and others. 
Rew .S. J. .^h.ake is the present pastor; the membershi]) is three hundred, 
with a .Snnda\' school enrollment of two hundreil. 

The Christian church is probably the oldest religious organization estab- 
lished in the vicinity <d" b'lnora. Nearly fifty years ago this denomin;ition 
Iniilt a small one-story frame church northeast of the town. Several years 
l.-iter there was a division in the society and another church was built liy 
the faction that withdrew from the original societv. ( )ne of these churches 


was kiiDWii as tlic "cpld" and the other as the ""new" rliiirch. A frame Iniild- 
ing, erected se\eral year^ agn, serves as a phice uf worsliip for the l.'hrislian 
deiiuiiiinalion in J'"lnijra. 

A two-storv brick scliool hiiiUhiig, with inodeni e(|ii!])nient and an efli- 
cient corps of teachers, leaves nutliing to lie desired in the way nf educa- 
tional advantages. h.hiora had a pnpukttion of nine lunulred an<l sixty-one, 
riccording to the census (jf 1''10. 

Tin's town got its name on account of the water ivom a well that was 
dug bv a Mr. I'aee, having the taste of the famous I'lpsom salts. Tlie town 
is located abiiut two miles from L'ornettsville, in I'.ogard tuwnship. In its 
early days the town was nicknamed "Tophet," and it i^ still recngnized by 
that town. The first settlement was made by I'eter ^'ount, about ISl.s or 
1S16. l'"psom never made pretention of being other than a small hamlet, 
with a few scattered dwelling houses. I'.nt it ha^ maintained its e.xi.stence 
all these }-ears and has made some progi'ess. In the way of business enter- 
[)rises it has three stores, a lloiu- mill, and a coal mine near by. It also has 
a good two-story brick school house, with a commissimied high school, and 
tw(j churches, one Methodist and one Christian, Ik^Ii lr;uue buildings. 

Farlen is, or rather was, located in the eastern part of Madison town- 
ship. It had a posioMice at out' lime, .also .me store, but these ha\e long 
since passed awa\- and k'arlen is in the "has-been" class. 

i;i.i;\' \-)\[.v.. 

This town, of romantic name, is located in the central part of Harrison 
township, eight miles southeast of Washington. It lias something less than 
a dozen dwelling houses, two stores and a blacksmith shop. It has a two- 
njoni public school building with graded scliools, and a three-year higli- 
scliool course. The one church is a frame building m;iint;iined by the 
Metho(Hst denomination. .\ :\lasonic lodge and an Ddd In-llows loilgc ha\e 
been maintained there for mruiy years. The Odd bT-llows lodge was organ- 
ized in ]H(\2 and the Masons in 1878. Each of these orders has a building 
in which their respective meetings are held. 


L)A\11lSS C'orXTV, imhaxa. 

This is ri Hat;' staliuii (ui llic L'liicago & I'lastern Illinois railiMail. It is a 
(1 sliippiiij; ])(>iiU 1 1 If the iiriKliKls uf farm^ near hw 

Hyatt, a statinn nn Ur- ('hicayo lK; h'-asliMii llliiinis railrnail in Steele 
tciwnshi]), has one slure and an ele\aliir. A cnnsiderahle amonnt uf yrain 
is sinjipeil from this place, .and it is ;i convenient point for the shipment of 
melons, whicii are extensivel)' cnlti\ated in this \icinity. 


I Indsonxille is located in the southern part of I laria\on township. It 
was l.aid onl \>v Xelson and 1 )aniel |,ickson. I( ha^ > ine store, a concrete- 
l)lock >chool house ol one riponi, and a frame .\kihodi--t church huildini;. 
Aiiuut a h.all dozen houses are snflicient to shelter all the inhahitanls ot 


'■ jacol) is on the C'hicat^o iK; h'aslern Illinois railroad. 

.\nother si.ation on the ('hicaL;ii \: l-",astern Illinois railroad, located in 
\\ ashini;ton to\\nshi]i. 1 hiring; the fifties and sixties a large lloin--mill w a^ 
located thei-e 'I'lh- nnl! was huill hy James Spink, who aftei'w.ard s,,ld it 
lo .\1 1., r.rctt. \ -langliler-hou>e \\;is one of the liig mdusines of the 
pi. ICC III the eail\ da\s. hloui" and were .shipped I roin there on the 
canal, as Ioiil; that famous ditch would Imld water. 

This formerK a posloflice in the northw i. stern ])art ol \ an lluren 
towi}ship. It was named h\' ()li\er II. h'lilkerson, a \ an lluren township 
teacher. lie took the name from one of I .( ju- fellow 's Indian ]».ems. At 
one time there was a little cross-roads store at this pl.ace, Imt it is a thing 


of tlie past. A Iwn-nioin ])rkk school liouse affords facilities for the train- 
ing of the ynuth df the community. 


Another name fur this town, and tiie one hy wliich it is generally known, 
is "Idole-in-the-W'all." Ihiw the place came In' this liyphenated cognomen 
is related hy a historian familiar with facts; "Years ago, at Lettsville, a 
li.i\v-d(_i\vn sal< 11,11 \\a^ ke])t in the hascinent, (;r a cellar, of a dwelling. There 
was no ontside door tn the cellar, and the ]), to remedy the defect, 
knocked out enough liricks from the wall to make a passage large enough 
to ailmit a man. I hi account of this circumstance, the place took the name 
of 'lliile-in-the-\\'all,' which clings to it to this day." There is nothing of 
Lettsville now, luit e\en that hole in the wall. 


I.i\'er]ioi)! was laid out he fore Washington and the jjlat is now a part 
of W'ashinglon, a> is more full\- devcrihed in the chapter regarding the 
county seat. 


Situateil on the township line Ijetween Bogard and Elmore townshiiis is 
Marsh. .\ former postofhce at this place has heen discontinued; only a little 
crossroad store there now. 


This town was laid out in 1834 In- John McMonald, on 'he land of 
t'harner llawklus. It wa.^ >ilnaleil on the Wahash iv T.rie canal, and, in 
the day.s when the canal pni^]iects were hright, I\lay^\ille was the most 
im|iorlant hu-^ines^ i.)lace in the count}'. iJut its husiness and Ijright ])ros- 
pects vanished when canal navigation closed. A few tutnhle-down houses 
remain as relics of a once thriving town's greatness as a business center. 
There is a hrick school house there, and a strong congregation of Methodists, 
with a frame church huilding. The pumping station of the Washington 
A\aterworks is also located there, 



The town of JMontgomery is located in Barr township, on the line of 
the Baltimore & Ohio Railroail, seven miles east of the county seat of Daviess 
cuunty. It was laid mit by X'alunline B. M(inti;onKT\', (ju land owned liy 
him in 1S65, and from him the t(j\vn took its name. The town dates its 
origin, however, from 1854, at the time when the Ohio & Mississippi rail- 
road was being surveyed through the county. The first house was built in 
that year by James C. Montgomery, a brother of \'alentine, who uscil tlie 
house for a dwelling and also for a small store in which \s'ere kei)t supplies 
for the contractors and men working on the railroad. When the railroad 
was completed through the town, in 1857, there was a population of about 
twenty, occupying the four houses that were then in the town. According 
to the United States census, the population (if M.mtgi rnier)' in 1890 was four 
hundred and fifteen; in i(;oo, six hundred and sixteen; in J910, li\e hundred 
anil e]e\cn. The decrease in pnpulation in loio is due to the transitory 
character of manv of the residents wdicj are emijloyed in the coal mines 
near by. 

When first settled, the town was literally "in the woods," a heavy growth 
of timber surrounding it on all sides. Timber, at that time, was an incum- 
brance to landowners. After the railroad was completed a considerable 
im]jetus was given to tiie place, houses springing up on e\ery side ; the 
mechanic, the merchant, the dealer in coimtry produce found ^Montgomery a 
desirable place in which to carry on their various viKations. \''alentine 
Montgomery diti an extensive business in the buying of grain at that station, 
shipping it to Louisville and Cincinnati. 

Among the first marriages to take place in ^lontgc-imery was that of 
Patrick McCarty and hdizalieth Morgan, daughter of Cril. James Morgan, 
one 111' llie must iinmiinent citizens of the county. Mr. McCarty, the party 
of the first part in this matrimonial contract, afterward represented the 
county in the Legislature. James McCarty, son of the union referred to, 
was the first child bdrn in Mnntgomery. the date of his birth being 1857. 
The McCarty family removed to the West sometime in the si.xties, where 
they or their descendants are still living. 

In i860, while Lloyd Clark was trustee of the townshij), the first public 
schools I if Montgomery were founded, and these schools have always been 
a credit to the county. They have kept well in line with the advance of 
educational methods in the county, an<l now the town can boast of a fine 
two-storv l.)rick consolidated and high schoul building, and certified high 


^cluHil. A liiK' t\vo-sti.)r)' pai'ocliial m.-1khi1 ImiKIiiii;, ilic property of St. 
IV'ter's Catliolic cluircli, in \vliicli a school was coiukicted for several years, 
is not n(j\v used for school purposes. The school was discontinued on 
account of the removal (jf many families from the town and vicinity. St. 
I'eter's Catliolic church is a large Ijrick building, accommodating a large 
congregation. The United Brethren is an okl organization here. This 
organization has a frame church, erected about i88j, and a membership of 
sixty-five. The congregation never had a resident minister, being supplied 
by ministers from Washington. 

One of the prominent industries of Montgomery is the Harris & Bell 
flour mill. This mill was built by Josiah C. Harris in 1876, operations 
having been begun in November of that year. It is a five-story brick build- 
ing, with a basement. As first constructed it had fmir runs of burrs, and 
cost eighteen thousand dollars. .Vbout twenty-live years ag(_i the equipment 
was remodeled, at a cost of about thirty thousand dollars, by putting in the 
roller ])rocess and complete modern machinery, which made it a mill of one- 
humlred-liarrel capacity. Another remodeling in 1915 increaseil the capacity 
to one hundred and twenty-five l)arrels. Josiah C. Harris, the founder, dietl 
in 191 1. v.. C. Harris, a son ijf the founder, and two daughters of W. ]•.. 
Bell now own the pro])erty and C(jnduct the Imsiness under the firm name 
of the Harris & Bell Milling Company. 

The First National Bank of Montgomery \yas established in 1901, with a 
capital stock of twenty-five thousand tlollars, with Dr. J. M. Crawford, ])resi- 
dent ; S. L. Mcl'herson, \ice-])resi(Ient ; C. C. Martin, cashier. This bank 
went into voluntary liquidation in 191 1 and the building and assets of the 
concern were purchase<l by the farmers and JrlerchantJs Bank, a private bank 
established in December of that year. The (officials of the Farmers and 
Merchants Bank, at the time of its organization, were: Oliver Walker, 
[)resident ; .^ 1-. .Mcl'lierson. \ice-president ; B. 1.. Spaulding, cashier, later 
succeeded by John W. Uudolph. Ca|)ital stock, ten thousand dollars. 

The business of MdUtgcjuiery is largely dejiendent upi n the mining 
industry, that fieing one of the most important coal mining towns on the 
line of the Baltimore iv Ohio Railroad. Montgomery is also fortimate in 
being situated in the center of an excellent farming section of the county. 
The agricultural resources of tlie surrounding country are hardly surpassed 
bv any part of Daviess county and the shipment of the products of the farm, 
stock and dairy products, from that point is hardly excelled by any other 
shipping ])oint in the county. Montgomery was incorporated in 1870. ft is 
located in the geographical center of Daviess county, and is exactly midway 


liL'lwccii Cincinnati an.l St. l.nnis, the tcrininns ni the main lino of ilu- lialli- 
iiiore & Ohici Railnvul. 


The tiiwn of Ocbni, in Madison township, is the next important in size 
to the city of Washington. Jt was hiid out in 1846, liy John Hastings, on 
land formerly owned by Ur. J. Townsend. The town was hrst called Clarks- 
burg and the postoflice established there was called Clark's Prairie. In 1S80 
the name of the town and the postoflice was changed to Odon. Doctor 
Townsend was the lirst settler in the town, which at that time contained 
thirty-si.\ lots, according to the original jilat as surveyed by 1'. S. Agan. 
Additions were made by Henry T.. Kohr of nineteen lots, in 1866; sixteen 
lots bv Howard Cro<.k, in 1S67; eleven lots by Oily Crooke, in 1868; eight 
lots by Z. V. Carten, in J 877, and forty-two lots Ijy Hugh :\icCoy, in 1875. 
.Several additions have been niaile in later years, indicative of the town's 
.steady growth. The lirst merchants of (Jdou were Howard (Jrouke and 
Z. \'. (iarten, who were engaged in business there in 1855. John V. Smith 
established a weeklv newsjjaiier in Odon, m 1855, called the Prairie Scorcher, 
l)ut there is no evidence that it ever did anything of the kind. The Oduil 
Journal, a well-named and well-conducted weekly newspaper, has furnished 
the town with local news for several years. 

The town of Odr^n was incorporated on June 20, 1885. The first board 
of trustees were: Dr. John Dearmin, John Smiley and Samuel Dunlap. 
W. L. Stoy was elected clerk; (;. L. I'icrMm, treasurer; Wiley Edmonson, 
marshal. At a meeting of the Ijoard, Ileceniber 2, 1883, W. R. Neenimer, 
Caleb Odell and Joseph Kinnaman were elected school trustees. The First 
National Hank was first established as a private concern l)y Howard Crooke. 
It continued until the death of Mr. Crooke. about 1805, and then passed into 
the bauds kA other parties. The present orgam/.-itiou eltectcd about a 
vear later, with a capital stock of twenty-l'ive thousand dollars. Tlie first 
officials of this organization were: Dowry Cooper, jjresident; Harry H. 
Cook, vice-jiresident; Walter C. Garten, cashier; Alex. O'Dell, assistant 
cashier. On Tnne i, 1909, the capital stock was increased to fifty thousand 
dollars. The present officers are: Alonzo A. Lane, president; J. M. W^inkel- 
pleck, vice-president; B. D. Smiley, cashier; Miss Flossie Winkelpleck (who, 
on January 13, 1913, succeeded Alex O'Dell), assistant cashier. The Farmers 
]?ank is another financial institution of the town. This is a private concern 
with a capital stock of ten thousand dollars, under the management of the 
following officials: Dowry Cooper, ])resi(lent ; Reason llennett, vice-presi- 
dent; T- A. McCoy, cashier. This bank was estal)lisheil, January 12, 1914. 


Roy 1\ Alyers built an electric light plant in 1912, at a cost of twelve 
thousand dollars. It is well equipped lor service and furnishes light for the 
town and for private consumers. Among the other industries of Odon are 
a planing-mill, a saw-mill, a brick- and tile-factury and a monumental works. 
The town also is well provided with churches. The denominations most 
largelv represented are the United Brethren, Methodist and Christian. Each 
of these has a strong congregatiiju and a comfortable huuse in which to hold 
services. A more detailed history of the churches of Odon, and other towns, 
will be fountl in another chapter in this work. The secret and benevolent 
orders, so largely represented in Odon and other towns, are given proper 
mention under another chapter heading. 

Odon is situated in the center of a splendiil agricultural country and 
has a large trade from the surrounding farnnng community. The comple- 
tion of the .Southern Indiana railrcjad, now the Chicago, Terre Haute & 
Southeastern railroad, gave an outlet for the products of the surrounding 
farms and made Odon a splendid shipping point, the one thing that the town 
had long needed. From this point is shipped grain, stock, poultry and other 
produce, bringing trade to the tmvn and a considerable revenue to the rail- 
road. The population of Odon has had a steady increase in the last three 
decades, as shown by the United States census. In i8yo it had seven hun- 
dred and sixty-four; in 1900, nine hundred and twenty-three; in lyio, one 
thousand sixty-four. 


Plainville is on the line of the old Wabash & Erie canal, and was quite 
an important business point more than fifty years ago, with a number of 
stores and a good Hour-mill. It went into decline, however, like many other 
towns, with the ill-fated canal, that cost so many millions of dollars and 
hundreds of lives to build, only to be abandoned shortly after its completion. 
Notwithstanding the adverse conditions, resulting from the collapse of the 
canal, I'lainville continued to be a trading point, with oiie or two stores and 
a postoffice. The completion of tlie Evansville tK: Indianaiiolis railroad (now 
the Chicago & Eastern Illinois railroad) through Uaviess county gave I'lain- 
ville (juite a business boom, and a number of new buildings were erected in 
the fall of 1885. The railroad made the town of considerable iniiwrtance; 
the price of lots increased and the town doubled in po])ulation in a few 
vears. Among the important business industries of the place is the I'lain- 
ville Milling Company's plant, a three-story brick building, erected in 1910; 
a canning factory, an elevator, lumber yard, automobile repair shop, besides 
several lesser industries. There ;ire several business houses representing 


lines of trade adapted to the community. Excellent educational advantag^es 
are aft\)rded in the fine brick school an efficient corps of teachers 
being found in the different grades, and in the commissioned high school. 
The religious denominations represented are the Methodist, Christian and 
Brethren, each owning a good frame building and supported by a substantial 
membership. The secret orders are also well represented. The b\armers 
Bank was established, April 13, 1908, with a ca])ital stock of ten thousand 
dollars, represented by about forty stockholders. The first officers of the 
bank were Nathan \l. Killion, president; Charles A. Banta, vice-president; 
Ernest E. Ivillion, cashier, anil R. Elmer Killion, assistant cashier. The 
present officers are the same, except that Mr. Banta has been succeeded by 
John S. Goshorn, as vice-president. 


Raglesville is a pretty little village, of something less than two hundred 
inhabitants, situated in the nortliern part of \'an Buren township. It has a 
three-room brick school house; a Methocjjst church and a United Brethren 
church, each a frame building; two or three stores and a blacksnn'th shojj. 
There is a line coal mine near the town, and it is claimed there is not a lietter 
quality ot coal produced in the county than that which comes from this 
mine. An rild liistory of Raglesville coupled a brass band with a llour-mill 
that was formerly located there, as one of the im])ortant industries. 

R,-igles\'ille was laid (jut under the name of Sanford, June 21, 1837, by 
Ozias Croiik-e, who was the first school teacher, ;uid also the first merchant 
in the place. Crooke kept a general store there in 1840. The first settler in 
the s'icinity was Asbury Sims, in 1832. 


.Sandy Ho(jk is a station on the Chicago &: Eastern Blinois railroarl, in 
Veale township, a few miles south of Washington. Trax'elers on the railroad 
oliserve that all the trains stop at Sandy Hook long enough to allow them 
to read the sign board giving the name of the station. 

Smiley was formerly a postoftice in Van Buren township, but when the 
rural route system was introduced Smiley lost its postoffice and the Smiley 

postmaster lost his job. 



South Washingtun is situated on the Petersburg road, one mile south of 
Washington, and has a population of about one hundred. Thirty-two lots 
were laid off as a ttnvn by Levi D. Colbert, in 1S74. There is a two-room 
brick school building located there, where school is conducted regularly for 
the education of the children of the community. There is no postoffice or 
church building in the ])lacc, the people of the village obtaining their mail 
by the rural route, and their religious teaching from ministers from Wash- 
ton who iiold occasional preaching service in the village. 

Thomas is a station indicated b\- a conspicuous sign board, located on 
the Chicagcj & Eastern Illinois railroad, in Washington township. 


Trainor \\•a^ formerly a postoftice and a cross-road store, situated in the 
southeastern part id" llogard township, but there is nothing (jf the kind there 
now. A brick scIioij! building and .St. Alichael's Catholic church .are located 

tom's hill. 

This was a collection of houses, a saw-mill and stave factory located 
near the lialtimore & Ohio railroad, on the west branch of White river. 
The place ami all the surrounding belonged to the estate of Elisha Hyatt, and 
the inhabitants were all tenaiUs of his and emplo)-ed by him in the operation 
ot the null and tactoi\. 'I'lim's llill was formcrK- a Inisv jjlace. 


.'\ former postoffice at Waco has Ijeen discontinued. Waco still 
holds its place on the map, howe\er. It is located in the soutlnvestern part 
of Harrison township, and contains a little store, a brick school building 
and a frame church, belonging to the Christian denomination. 



Following are the names of those who have served as postmasters at 
the several postoffices in Daviess county, outside of Washington, and the dates 
of their appointments: 


Office established, April i, 1856. James P. Gilley appointed postmaster 
on that date, but was not commissioned. Isaac W. Jackman was connnissioned, 
April 14, 1856; J. A. McCord, June 28, 1S61 ; Florian Llartl, Jr., October 
23, 1866; A. W. Bingham, July 8, [867; William 11. Walls, November 22, 
1869; J. A. AlcCord, December 5, 1870; William 11 Walls, April 17, 1S71 ; 
I\lason McCord, .May 13, 1873; J. .\. AlcCord, .Vpril 23, 1877; J. T. Hed- 
rick, August 31, 1885; W. "J\ Brown, October 31, 1887; Jeihn W. Robin- 
son, April 4, 1889; Sjjcncer Jackman, March 30, 1893; Matthew McCracken, 
April 15, 1897; Wayne Gilley, h'ebruary 13, 1899; J, W. .\llcn, 3>Iarch 3, 
1906; Orian Ilembree, July id, 1914. 


Established May 4, 1858, xVlva Clark, postmaster; Thomas J. Lafferty, 
November 26, 1872. Name changed, April 10, 1873, to Cannelburg. 


John Sullivan, September 18, 1873; William F. O'Brien, July i6, 1875; 
Emma Clark, Decemljer 21, 1887; H. I.. Tucker, November i, i88(); Lizzie 
Harris, February i, 1890; Emma Clark, .\pril 14. 1803; J.. I'. Cahill. April 
JJ. H)Oi ; .Anna .\. Harris, July 21, 1905; .\lodia 1'. Ilaag, Jime 17, 1908. 


Established, April 9, 1878; William Critchlow, lirst postmaster; Will- 
iam R. Baker, October J^^. 1878; Thomas Queen, Jr., June 14, 1893; Flor- 
ence M. Achor, July 16, 1897; office discontinued, .\'o\eml)er 29, 1902. 


Office estal)lished, Har\ey Hagans, itostmaster, December 20, 1831; 
Richard Inillon, Alarch 25, 1835; Isaiah Johnston, June 4, 1831J; Thomas 


Elmore, November 9, 1S40; William Watts, February 9, 1848; Thomas 
Elmore, May 11, 1849; Harvey Taylor, Jamiary 31, 1851 ; S. W. IClmore, 
Jmie 30, 1851; A. M. Ilelphenstine, Jmie 16, 1854; William D. Clary, No- 
vember- 7, 1857; oftice disconlimied, Decemjjer 24, 186-'. Re-established, 
]\Iarch 30, 18G5, W. T. Franklin, postmaster; William H. Moore, :Mareh 6, 
18G6; O. H. IMeKittrick, November 9, 1868; William D. Clerry, May 9, 
1870; J. P. Grayble, December 12, 1870; F. L. Killion, April 13, 1871 ; David 
Taylor, March 27, 1S74; J. R. Wadsworth, December 10, 1874; A. R. Stal- 
cup, March 7, 1876; 1). H. Taylor, September 8, 1885; name changed, De- 
cember II, 1885, to Elnora. 


Asa Ilaig-, April 18, 1889; J. F. Danner, March 31, 1893; John W. 
Robinson, .\pril 16, 1897; J. E. Pershing, September 16. 1902; Francis A. 
McMullen, February 11, 1914. 


Office estaljlished, January 5, 1901. 1'. J. P.radfield, postmaster; Will- 
iam F. Colbert, November 5, 1901; office diso^nlinued, December 31, 1904. 

Office established, February 20, T904 ; Fliram Simpson, postmaster; O. 
M. Albright, November 15. 1894; William A. Frets, April 12, 1898; A. L. 
Vickery, July 6, 1899; O. ^I. All)right, December 4. 1903; office discon- 
tinued, July 15, 1910. 


Office established, February iC, i85<,; James C. Montgomery; William 
Wizar.l, August 11, 1871; William Ward, March 6, 1872; William Done, 
May 22, 1872; Floward Eove, March 27. 1874; James C. Montgomery, Oc- 
tober 22, 1874; name of office changed, February 12, 1880, to Montgomery; 
William C. Willeford. March A. 1882; James Farrell, (\-tober 16, 1885; O. 
1'.. Nixnn, April 4, 1880; Lawrence Weimer, May 28, 1892; L. P.. Spald- 
ing. April 17, 1893; D. L. Weimer. April 13, |8.)7; James W. Kennedy, 
July i, 1914- 



William A. Perkins served as postmaster from the time the office was 
established, July 25, 1856, to May 13, 1858, during which time the name 
of the postoffice was changed twice; lirst to Walnut Hill, July 29, 1857; 
then to Clark's Prairie, May 13. 185S. On this date W. B. Lutes became 
postmaster; Howard Crooke. June 5, 1862; Clement Correll, June 10, 1865; 
J. y . Smith, February 13, 1871 ; Alex. Odell, June 25, 1877; J. M. Cruoke, 
Februar)- id. 1881. Xaine changed, April 4, 1881, lu CVlon. 

Alex. Odell, November 24, 1884; C. L. Piersun, September 3, 18S5; 
T. J. Hubard. May 28, 1889; C. E. Odell. .SeiHembcr 15. 1892: William J. 
1 )aimer, Janu.'iry 6. \^[)4; \\'illiam T. O'Donald. ( )ctiiber 19. i8()4; Ceorge 
D. Abraham, M;iy 10, 1N97; M. H. Cruoke, .\pril 2J. 1908; Daniel Gantz, 
]May 20, 1913. 


Office established. May 31, 1856: Clement Lee; James Weljster, .August 
II, 1860; C. .M. Uciley. December 9, 1864; L. 11, Lester, August 15, 1866; 
T. L iJrnyk's. June Jj. 1873; A. E. Uibble, April 24, j87r,; L. 11. DiUey, 
.April 10, 1877; David Rankin, Octuljer 2<), 1877; W. Tl. McRae. Ajiril 12. 
1880; William Hildreth, February 21, 1882; William 1"". Killiun, December 
II, 1885; J. C. Wright, Ajiril 4, i8,Sm; William 11. .Mien, March 30, 1893; 
William J. lliklretli, ,\pril iCj, 1897; Jdhn A. lA'ans, June 22, 1901 ; W. U. 
Ihinch, 1005 ; Charles McWilliams, 1914. 



Tlie ciiunty seat of Dax'iess county was formerly called Liverponl. this 
lieint;- the name of the town in Iniliana territory, as laid out in the forks 
of White ri\er. in Knox count}'. I)y Isaac (jalland, George Curtis and l)a\'id 
Flora. The original plat contained one hundred antl eighty-six lots, each 
being sixty feet in width and (_nie lnin<lred and twenty feet in length; each 
street, sixty feet wide, to "remain open for the benefit of the i)ublic forever." 
The deetl was recorded on Xovcnilier ii, 1S15. and on Mav 9. 1S16, the 
record says : 

"Isaac Galland sold to David bdorri one-half of this same tract of land 
for one thousand fom^ hundred and se\'enty-four dollars, tiie same price for 
which l)a\ id Idora had sold the entire tract se\-en months pre\ious, and 
the cleed to the land is described as being the land si'ld to .said Galland and 
George Curtis by said Flora by deed October 16, 1S15, and being the tract 
of land on which the town of Liverpool is now located." The deed to Gal- 
land and Cmtis by Oax'id I'dora on October 76, 1X15, was witnessed In' 
I'.manuel \'an Trees, William Wallace and John W^allace, as David Flora 
Could not sign his name. The ])lat of the town was made b)' Galland, Curtis 
and Mora, on land piu'chased bv them in 181 J5, hing within sections 27 and 
24, township 3, range 7. 

The ])lat of the town of Washingtcjn was m;ide and recorded on March 
_^i, 1817. It comi)rises jiortious (d' -ectious j('>. 27, 28. 33, 34 and 35, town- 
ship 3 north, range 7 west, consisting of one hundred and thirl\'-si\ li>ts. 
each lot being eightv by one hundred and thirty-two leet in size. Lots 5, 35, 
40 and 65 belonged to Emanuel \'an Trees. T..ots 10, 15, 20, 23. 30, 45, 
50, 55, 80, 85 and 90 belongefl to Wilkins. The public s(|uare, Iviiig 
between \\'alnut and Main and Second and Third streets, was not to be 
sold, and the rest of the plat was to be sold for the benefit rd' the county. 
Main street, in tliis plat, is now Llefron street, and the town boundaries 
were substantially \'an Trees, I'dora, Meridian and Itast Sixth streets. ]'"our 
squares and four lots, however, lay west of Meridian street. This plat 
included the town of Li\erpool, which was merged in the larger town of 


Wasliingtini wlien that was designated as the name of the county seat, on: 
the organization of Daviess county. 

The first additions to the original plat uf Washington were made by 
Emanuel \'an Trees and Peter Wilkins, August i8, 1817. One hundred 
and si.xty-tive lots, each sixty-tive by one hundred and twenty feet in size, 
were laid nut in these addiliuns. These enterprising pioneers f<iund ready 
sale for their Ints, at prices ranging from thirty-live to une hundred dollars. 
The record shows that Samuel J. Kelso was the first purchaser (if a lot in 
the new town of Washington, his purchase being lot 49, located on the 
n(_)rih side of Walnut street, midway between b'ourth ami l'"ifth streets. 
This sale was made by limanuel \ an Trees, Xoxember 13, 181O. Among 
the purchasers of lots in 1S17 were: .Michael Wiley, William Chapman, 
James (r. Reed, Richard Palmer and John Allen. 

On the 9th and 10th of June, 1817, a great public sale of lots was held. 
One hundred ami eight lots were di^jiosed oi at this sale, ranging in price 
from ten to two hundred ami thirt_\--rue dollars. Lot 107 was purchased 
by James Street for ten duUars; lot 79 by John McClure and Blackford, for 
two hundred and thirty-five dollars. The total amount received for this sale 
of lots was about six thousand dollars. 

Ihere were several inhabitants of the town prior to this great sale of 
lots, but their names and the Incation of their residences have not been pre- 
ser\-e<J. The Imuse that was built was probably located near the site 
of the present Iiigh school building. It was a log building, as were all other 
residences at that early time. 'I'his building, lu'Wexcr, was of hewed logs 
and a little abuve the a\'eragc in a|ipearrmce, as compared to the log cabins 
of the time. The first store in the tnwn was kept by James Read. His 
store building was a lug structure, Incated (Jii the snuthwest corner of Main 
and Second streets. This store was opened in 1817. After Cdiitinuing in 
the business for abmit a year Mi'. Read sold bis store to Josc-ph Warner 
and Seili ividick, who continued the business under the firm name of War- 
ner iK: Ivoilick', until i8_'5. A second store was opened in 1S18 l.iy a I\Ir. \'an 
Camp, from Rentuck}'; this store was l(_>cated aliout one hundretl feet from 
the soulheast corner of Main and Mrst streets. According to the memory 
of tlie oldest inhabitant, the first blacksmith to locate in the new town was 
Friend Spears. Oher lilacksmiths who came about the same time were Will- 
iam lir.atton and 'fhouias Pirown. 



In iy-'3 the town li;ul a [xipulation of aljDVit une hundred and was 
showing a steady and substantial growth. l>y this lime there were fuur 
Stores in liie town. Isaac lledden and Stephen Ijelding, sliiiemakers, had 
come in and estahhshed shups fur their trade; W'iUiani iiallnw, lames Cal- 
houn and Robert Stephens were engageil in making hats. Stephens came 
from PennsyK'ania. arriving in W'ashingtim nn ,Ma}' 15. i8j-'. A few years 
pri(jr tu this Alexander llintun and .Mexander Druce had opened "la\ erns" 
in the town, 'ilie llinton ta\ern was located near the southwest ct.irner of 
Main and l',abt Second streets; the I'.ruce hostelry was at the corner of 
Main and l'".ast h'irst street. Among those lixiiig along Alain street alxuit 
iN_'J antl iSj;; were: Samuel .Miller, a wheelwright; I'olonel L'.err\', who 
kept a boarding house; ]\ichard \\'ea\er; d'houias Tuning, a saddler and 
harnessm;i]<er ; (jeorge llruner, \vho ke]it a market and whiskey shop in the 
old blockhouse; a faniih- named lUankenship, two of whom assisted "Uncle 
Dick" I'almer to kidna]) Sam. the colored man; ( leorge Bradford, who kept 
a small store; A. ('. Kinuew the la\\\er. who proc\ired the treedom of the 
two colored bo\-s, an account id which will l)e found in another chapter in 
this \-olume. Jimanuel \ an I'rees, whose name is niosl prominentN' con- 
nected \\ ith the early history of \\'ashington. was also located on Main 
street; also John and Michael Mur])hy, general merchants. A Mr. ('arr 
had a tre.idwheel grist-mill on Walnut street, near k'riend Spears' black- 
smith shop. .\ yoke of oxen on the Ireadwheel \vas the motive power that 
operated the grist-mill. 

The professions were well rei)resentetl in those early da_\s. ]\e\erend 
I'lpher was an R]jisco]ialian minister; Doctor 1 loljand was a local |)reacher 
in the .Methodist church, ;md aKo a practicing phy->iciau. The Washington 
circuit, in 1SJ3. w;is in charge ol Kexerend l\a\, iri'Ui Kentucky; ke\eren<l 
jMartin was the resident minister ol the Presbyterian church. ;uul Kew 
Hiram Hunter (father of D. l^ckdey Hunter, a prominent teacher known in 
later times) was pastor of the Cumlierland Presbyterian church. The legal 
profession was represented by Judge Call, Judge Dewey, Judge Pdake, Jolin 
Ewing and A. C. Kinney, all men of marked aliility. 


For a few }-ears after the first sale of lots and tlie impetus gi\en the 
town by the rush of early settlers, the interest in the new town began ti) 
tlecline. There was but small increase in the jjopulation of \\'ashington 


tniiii iSj5 u_) 1S57. There was little in tiie advanta^'es alTordeil l>y the 
town U> attract men of capital and business enterprise. There were no rail- 
re lads and the protlucts of the farm were sent in llat Ixiats nn White river 
to a southern market. was broui^ht in un wagons from h'vans- 
ville, Louisville and uther points. The stage ci.iach was the only public utility 
afforded f(ir travel to distant places. This was the condition until 1857, 
when the constructinn of the Ohio & Mississippi railroad througli the tciwn 
instantly awakened Washington ami the surrounding country to real life. 
New men and fresh capital came in and the first real bnom that Washington 
had long hcipe<l for began to be a realization. 

INC(JR1'0K.\T10X Ol' Till-: TOWX. 

Washington ex[)eriniented with a tc.irin uf ginernnient under a board 
uf trustees for se\eral years with indifferent success. There was coiniilaint 
aniiing the citizens that the luianl neglectetl its duties, which is mA an 
unusual complaint against municipal autlmrities and it is not an unusual 
case for such complaints to be well-founded, as they prubably were in this 
instance. .Vnyhnw, the criticism nf the official negligence i>f the Wash- 
ington town boartl, by press and i)eo])Ie, became so strong that a petition 
was maile tu the court for a dissolution of the board, and the petition was 
granted on March 15, 1867. 'J'hen a movement was immediately started 
to reincc.irporate, or t<j adopt a city charter, if, n[jon taking a census, a suffi- 
cient number of inhabitants were found to entitle them to such a charter. 
The citizens were ucjt united on either of these propositions. Some fax'ored 
one, some the other, and a great inany were indilTerent. The following 
extract from one of the pajiers published in the town at time will serve 
to show the feelings of the citizens with reference to this question: 

■'t)ur citizens ha\e tried ihe licauties of a corporation for some lime 
past, and ha\e found, to their sorrow, that it was impossible to lind men 
for the various olTices that would see the law strictly enforced. A seeming 
dread that they would get into difficulty, or that the corporation was not 
sound, would take possession of their minds, and violations of the law were 
disregarded bv the ofhcers, and the law set at deliance by rowdies. We hope 
that a census of the population of Washington and its additions will be 
taken, and if we have a sufficient po])ulation to entitle us to a city charter 
let us have it; .and if not, revive the cor]ioration and 'grin and it' until 
we are entitled to ;i citv charter. \\y all means let us have law and order in 
our town." 


Wht-tlicr a census was taken or nnt. or whether there was at that lime 
a sufficient nuniher of iniial)itants in Washington to entitle it to a city char- 
ter, is nut a matter of record. It is probable that there were those who at 
that time were sufficiently informed to make a ^afe guess that Washington 
did not measure up to the requirements for a city cliarter, and that this 
guess (if well-informed citizens was accepted in lieu of a census as proposed. 
At any rate steps were immediately taken for a reorganization of the cor- 
poration. A meeting nf citizens was held cm April iS, 1867, at the court 
house, at which it was agreed to circulate a petitimi to be ])resented tn the 
Ijiiard of county commissioners, asking for an election on the question of 
corporation or no corporation. Things then moved alung ]>retty swiftly. 
The petition was presented to the biiard on May 13, showing a large num- 
ber of signatures in favor of calling an election. An election was ordered 
bv the board to be held on May jc). at which tliere were two hundred and 
nine \-otes in favor of the re-incorporation of the t<iwn, and only forty in 
oi)position. An election was hel<l, June iS, for trustees and other officers 
under the new organization, resulting in the election (jf the following: 

Trustees: j. II. O'Xeal, J. C. Spink, S. 1). Wright, j. 1^. Thompson, 
I'^Jisba Hyatt, Wilson Keith, A. 1'.. I'.runer. William k,. ddiomi)son was 
elected clerk; \V. \V. l'"e,-igans, assessor; (ieorge Kauffman, treasurer; John 
]\rcCarty. marshal. The trustees organized, June _'5, by the election of 
Klisha Hyatt as i)resident of that body. There were several resignations 
and changes soon after the organiaztion was cffecteil. 


With an established form of government, organized as a town corpo- 
ration, Washington enjoyed peace and prosperity for a few years. There 
was a contiiuied growth of population during these ye;irs. in the spring 
oi 1S71 the po])nl,uioii had become sufticient to lutitle Washington to a 
city charlei', wuh a mayor ;uid six councilnieu. .\ccordingly, the necessary 
steps were taken to organize under a city charter. The city was divided 
into three wards, two councilmen to be chosen to represent each wartl. .\t 
an election held after the necessary ])reliminarics, David J. Hefnm was 
elected mayor; J. C. Spink, William Tranter, Sr., .\lbert Logan, Henry 
Walter, John Hyatt and Rlijah b'skridge were elected as councilmen. .Mr. 
Hefron served as mayor tmtil 1875, when he was succeeded by William H. 
rjyntim, who .served four years, brom that time the following h.i\e served 
the city as mayor : 


James W. Ogclon, 1879 to 1881 ; Arthur Beddue, 1S82 to 1S83; Will- 
iam P. Ellis, 1S84 to 1886; James W. Ogdon, 18S7 to 1891; C. K. Tharp, 
1891 to 1893; John H. Spencer, 1894 to 1898; Joseph Wilson (died during 
term), 1898 to 1900; John Downey, 1900 to 1902; Male Clark, 1902 to 
1906; Robert Russell, 1906 to 1910; John W. ^MeCarl)', 1910, the present 


The first hanking enterprise in Washington was a private Concern, 
org'anizetl in 18O8 by William Sanfurd, Frank 0\erli)n and C W. Lex'ings, 
under the name of San ford, J^evings iV Company. Tiie capital stock uf the 
firm was ten thousand dollars. Mr. .Sanford was president, and C W. Abell, 
cashier of this institution at the organization. Several changes in the pro- 
prietorship of this bank were made within a )ear or two after its organiza- 
tion. In 1S70 I'.lisha llyall pnrch;i-cd a coiurolling interest and at llia"t 
lime the name of the concern was changed to the Wa.shington F.xchange 
Jjank. J)r. A. i\l. W bitten and Idliutt ]\lcl'ullough were taken in as part- 
ners aliout (jiie year later, antl, witli their investment, the capital stock was 
increased to twenty thousand dollars. Two years later Mr. McCuUough 
died and his interest was withdrawn; aliout a year later Doctor Whitlen 
withdrew his interest. This reduced the ca])ital .stuck to the original amount, 
ten thousand dollars. In 1874 Hiram Hyatt invested one thousand dollars, 
raising the ca[)ital stock to eleven thousand cUillars, and the name of the 
lirm was H_\'alt, De\ings & Ctmipany. This firm continued to ciuiduct the 
business until i\'(]vember, 1884, when the Ijank closed its doors on account 
of failure to make collectiims on loans made, (/oncerning this unfortunate 
ending of Washington's first banking enter[irise, an old histiirian makes 
this cimiment : 

"The faihu'e of the bank in\'ol\eil l''.lisha ll\att'.s pergonal estate and, 
in order to make settlement, he submitted to his and the bank's creditors 
the prtj])osition to pay his own credilurs in full, and sexenty cents on the 
dollar to those of the bank, an extremely liber;d and altogether unusual 

The failure of this iiank, however, did not lea\'e Washington without 
an institution of this kind. About twelve years prior to this time another 
banking enterprise had been established and was at this time in successful 
operation, and has continued as one of the permanent and successful finan- 
cial institutions of \\'ashinc:ton for more than fortv \ears. 

i;, \- (I, SMDi's AM' i;i pi'MHii ii-si.;, w .\si i incti ix. 

'llll:l> ANIi MAIN ST I ; IDIOTS, l.cuiKIXc; \\l':sr, W ASIII.M ri'dX. 



The Washington National Bank was organized on August 28, 1872. 
The original stockholders were; V. \V. \'iehe, James Campbell, U. L. Brett, 
W. M. Tyler, W. J. Williams, C. Lee, and S. H. Taylor. F. W. \iehe, W. 
M. Tyler, S. H. Tavlor and M. L. Brett were the first board of directors; 
F. W. \'iehe, the first president, and M. L. Brett, the first cashier. This 
jjank was (jrganized with a capital slock of fifty thousand dollars, but on 
March 11, 1^07, the capital stiKk was increased to one hundred thousand 
dollars. .\t the expirati<jn of the original charter, August 28, 1912, the 
charter was renewed anil extended for twenty years. The present directors 
are: i. X. Jones, 1'. M. Ilarned and W. R. Meredith; N. G. Read, ])resi- 
dent; \'. .M. Ilarned, \ice-pre.sident ; Louis L Read, cashier; A. C. Wise, 
assistant cashier. The report of the condition of the bank at the close of 
business. May i, 1915. shows the following: 

Loans and discounts (note:, held in bank), $,^65,118.50; other items 
included m resources, ,S5Ji ,8 1 3. i'"^ ; cai)ital >tock paid in, Sioo,ooo.OO; sur- 
plus fund, $130,000.00; undivided jirofits, Sio,Lt--77; indivi<lual and time 
deposits, $538,778.91. 

Till-: I'EOl''s NATIONAL I'.AXK. 

The People's National I'.ank of Washington was organized on February 
2, 1888, with a capital stock of fifty th(iusand dollars. The first board of 
<lirectors were: Hugh Ikirr, James W. (Jgdon, John Downey, George KaufY- 
man, Richard C. Graham, Magness J. Garnahan and Alfred B. Davis. The 
first officers were: Hugh Barr, president: James W. Ogdon, vice-president; 
R. G. Davis, cashier. f)n l-el)ruary 12. 1907, the capital stock was in- 
crc:l^cd to one hundred ilKaiMUul dollars. The pre>ent officers ;u-e : M. 1'. 
Burke, president; b'.. L. llatlield. Iir>t \ice-])resident ; (,'. 1'". Cochran, second 
vice-president; 1". .\. Hastings, cashier; T. R. McRherson, assistant cashier. 
From the re])ort of this bank at the close of business. May i, 1915, tlie 
following items are taken: I-oans and discounts (notes held in banki, 
?3'''9.754-'»7; other items included i^ resources, $211,229.31; caiiital stock 
paid in, ,$100,000.00; surplus fund, $C.i0,000-00 ; individual and time de- 
posits, $312,120.27. 



The Citizens Loan and Trust Company was organized on November 2,. 
1902, and was incorporated under tlie laws vi the state, November 26, 1902, 
being authorized by huv to conduct a general financial, savings, deposit, 
loan and trust business. The officers for the first year were: James W. 
Ogdon, president; Henry Aikman, vice-president; William Kennedy, sec- 
retary; William M. Aikman, assistant secretary. The first board of directors 
were: James W. Ogd(jn, John C. Ilagerty, Ed F. Meridith, Henry .Vikman, 
Harry H. Crooke, G. J. Nichols, John Muri^hy, Miles G. O'Neal and Will- 
iam Heffernan. 

This coni[)any was organized with a capital stock of forty thousand 
dollars. In 1904 it was consolidated with the Washington Trust Company 
and the capital stock was increased to sixty-five thousand dollars. In 1907 
the capital stock was increased to one hundred tiiousand dollars. The pres- 
ent borird of directors are: James W. Ogdon, AI. G. O'Neal, William HetTer- 
nan, J. .\. Colbert, W. B. Dcffendall, Jacob Beitman, J. N. Jones, L. E. 
Hamersly and William R. Meridith. The jjresent officials are: James W. 
Ogdon, ])resiilent ; Miles G. O'.Veal, \ice-president ; William Kennedy, secre- 
tary; \V. M. Young, assistant secretary. I'"rom a statemeni of the condition 
of this company at the close of business Alay i, 1915, the following itrm^ 
are taken: Loans and discounts, $229,912.87; other items includeil in re- 
sources, $36,687.41; capital stock paid in, $100,000.00; surplus and undi- 
vided profits, $37,352.05; demand and time deposits, $125,440.34. 


The .'-^tate I'.ank of Washingiou was organizeil on January 16, 1910, 
will) :i cajiilal stock of one hundred tliou>and dollars. The persons identi- 
lied with the organization of this enterprise weru : W. J. McCord, I*. J. 
Cavanaugh, Basil B. Pritchett, Lewis W. Keith, William R. Gardiner, W. 
L. Jackson, Lewis H. Keith, Frank B. Fornwald, Marie PI. Kelley, and 
others, comprising a list of sixty-five stockholders. The first officers were: 
George Godwin, jiresident: H. !''. N'ollmer, vice-])resident ; J. M. Twitty, 
cashier. Judge W. R. Gardiner succeeded Godwin as president, January 
7, 1912; (Jeorge J. Keith succeeded N'olliner as \ice-president, July, 1914; 
William P. Walter was appcjinted assistant cashier, April r, 19 ij. These, 
with lohn M. Twitty, cashier, compose the present bank officers. The pres- 


ent directors of the bank are: William R. Gardiner, C. K. Tharp, John 
Ormsljy, A. O. Fulkerson, George J. Keith, R. J. Barr, Ezra Mattingly, AI. 
D. Kelley and Martin Cahill. From the report of the condition i>i this 
bank at the close of Ijusiness, May i, 1915, the following items are taken: 
Loans and discounts, $159,093.58; other items included in resources, ^-t^,- 
864.99; capital stock paid in, $100,000.00; surplus fund, $5,500.00; de- 
mand deptjsits and certificates, $89,479.39. 


The following exhiljit, showing the nuinici])al indebtedness, receipts 
and expenditures, for the years 1913 and 1914, will furnish to the uninter- 
ested taxpayers of Washington inf(irmati(in as to the management of the 
munici[)al affairs. Referring tn the item of expenditures for the electric 
light plant, for 191 3 and 1914, it shcjuld be stated that the increased ex- 
pense for 1914 was caused by the payment of a claim of three thousand 
and six hundred dollars against the city for a damage suit, and also a con- 
siderable ex])ense for an addition and improvement in the equipment of 
the plant : 

Jiulchtcdncss — 1913- 1914- 

City bonds $41,500.00 $34,500.00 

Cash on hand 14,427.39 13,436.63 

Net indebtedness 27,072.61 21,033.37 

Receipts — 

Cash on hand, i, 1913 $19,838.14 $14,427.39 

Taxes received 42,561.00 42,035.91 

I'.lectric light deiiarimeiit 28,1150. i(') 28,386.44 

Uelail licpior license 7.200.00 7,000.00 

Interest on ileposits 233.70 202.28 

All other sources 7,346.69 6,071.51 

Total receipts $105,229.69 $98,123.53 

Expenditures — 

Salary, city otlicials 4,580.00 4,651.31 

1 lealth department 338.29 2ij2.()2 

I'ire dejiartment 7,313.02 7,182.35 

IV.ilice ilepariment 4,594.74 4,413.41 


Electric light plant 26,593.13 32,697.97 

Water rent 6,741.00 6,900.15 

Paid on city IxMuls 8,500.00 7,000.00 

All other expenditures 32.141.22 21,458.87 

Tutal expenditures $90,802.30 $.'^4,686.98 


The Washingtim street railway was huilt in 1894 hy a stock com- 
pany, composed of Louis C. I'"ritch. William AIcMalum ami others. The 
franchise is now owned and o|)eraled hy Ziha V. (iraham. The line extends 
from the eastern terminus of Main street, runnim;- along that street to the 
Baltinicire & Ohio railroad shops, hdectric motive power is used and fur- 
nished hy the city electric plant. 

Washington has been furnished electric light and electric power for se\'- 
eral \'ears li\' a ijl.ant under munici|ial ownershi]) ;uid the experience has pro\fn 
satisfactory to the patrons and ]jrolitahle to the city. .\ sm;dl tax le\'y pro- 
vides funds for ex]ien>e of operation and for street lighting, with'iut any in- 
crease in the usual rates of service charged pri\-ate consumers. 

.\n aliundant suppK' of good clear water is furnished li_\' the Washington 
Water and Light ('oinp;ui\', from a pumping sta.tioii ](_icated south of the 
city, near Alays\ille. 

Tele])hone service is furnished by llie Central L'nion Telejihone L"om- 
])an_\' and the Pike County Telej/hone C(im]ian_\'. 


The greatest boom that Wa--hington ex])eriencc<l in all it.- histor\- was a 
result ol the location ol the ()liio X; .Mississippi railroad shops at this place, 
h'roin the time i>f building this the coni|)any liad their machine and re- 
pair sho])s at \'incennes. As the business of the road increased it became 
necessary to build Larger siiops with increased capacit\' for hancUing their 
business. .\s the location of the extensive shojis contcm])lated \v(ju1i1 be of 
great advantage to the town selected for the plant, the railroad ci'inpany 
projiosed that the fa\'ored town should put up a bonus that would in some 
measure ccMiipensate the com])an\- for the advantages offered. N'incennes 
had tlie old shops and the citizens of that town considered that was the logical 
situation for tlie enlarged plant. The railroad company asked for seventy- 


t'lve tlinusaiid dollars tu l)c acMcil lu wliatexcr acl\anta,iL;L' tlicre niij^ht be 
in tlie "logical situation." The same proijosition was made to Washington. 
Vincennes let the guidon (.jp[)ortunity sli]); Washington i:ity and township 
took a \dte on the proposition and it was accepted by a snlistantial maj(.)rity 
of the \dters. The shops were erected in iSSc). Shortly after this the Ohio 
& Mississip|)i road went into the hands of a receiver, and linall\' ]>ecame the 
property of the Pialtimore & (.)lho Comi)any, being now operated bv that 

The buildings of the Hallimore & Ohio shops, as the ])lant is nc.iw 
known, c(.)nsists of a round-house, cijntaining tlnrt)'-four stalls; a machine 
shop, erecting shop, tin, cooper and pipe shop, lioiler shoi>, planing mill, 
passenger-car shop, |)aint shop, .^teel-car shop and freight-car shop. 

In the several shops and de])artments there are at ])resent something 
over si.x hundred men employed. The a\erage monthly jxiyroll of all the 
departments is fort^'-nine tlKuisand dollars. The shops are ec|uii)ped with 
facilities and machinery of modern design, with skilled workmen employed 
in all the manufacturing dej)artments. They build locomotives, passenger 
cars, freight cars, dining cars — in fact, do any kind of work that is done 
at any of the large locijmotive and car-lniilding ]ilants. 


The postoftice was establivshed in Washington, October 9, 181 7, James 
j. Read being ap])ointe<l })ustniaster on that date. Following are the names 
of those who have served as postmaster in Washington, and the date of 
their appointment, since the first: 

Stth Reddick, Jitne 11, iSji ; \\. 11. Mcjunkin, September, i8j8; John 
Murphy, July -0, 1829; W^illiam ('. iVrsy, .April 4, 1838; Michael ]\rurphy, 
Mav J^. 1S40; S. .\. Kodarniel, .March 30, 1801; J. S. lierkshire. .\pril _'o, 
i8<)4; William A. 1 lorrall, March _'o, i80(); Albi<.>n llorrall. May 19, 1877; 
Stephen ilelding, March 1, 188O; I'. Mllis, t)ctober 19, 1889; J. W. 
-McOartv, h'ebruary 5, 1894; I'rank [. Sefrit, January 14, 1898; ['.. C. Ivaith, 
lanuar)' j6, 1904; Menjaniin J. linrris, January 30, 191J; l'"rnest I'". For- 
sythe, July 30, 19 13, the present postmaster. 

Congress has made an ap])ro])riation of si.\ty thonsan<l dollars for a 
]3ustoffice building in Washington; five thousand of this has been used in 
the purchase of a site, and some money has been expended in the preliminary 
and foundation work. As soon as the other part of the api)ri ipri.ation is 
available the cnntract for the construction of the building will be .awarded 


and in tine time Washington will iia\'e a snitable place fur the handling of 
the large amount of mail matter passing through the office, an accommoda- 
tion tliat the city is very much in need of at the present time. 


. The movement for the establishment of a puldic library in W^ashington 
had its origin in act of the Legislature, providing that a certain per cent, of 
the proceeds derived from the sale of town lots should be used for that pur- 
pose. This provision was incorporated in the act creating Daviess county, 
and it was provided that the library should be established andLmaintained as 
a county liljrary. In acccjrdance with the provisions of this act, a small fund 
was secured and a library was established in the early twenties. The making 
of many books was not as [jrevalent then as now, and the selection of books 
for this first library was conlined to a \ery limited list. 

If there was anything in the nature of light rea<ling. in the catalogue 
of books, from which selections might have been made at that time, the per- 
sons who made the selections for the first lil)rary certainly overlooked the 
chance. Among the selections made were the following: "History of the 
Martyrs, " I'.uck's "Theological Dictionarj'," Wesley's "Sermons," "Pil- 
grim's Progress," Young's "Night Thoughts," Thompson's "Seasons," Har- 
vey's "Meditations," "Charles the Fifth," l^ollin's "Ancient History," Plu- 
tarch's "]-i\-es," Grimshaw's "History of the United .States,!! .Addison's 
"Spectator," Locke's Essays, Jeft'erson's "Notes," Woodbridge's Geography, 
"Children of the Abbey," Byron's \V()rks, Pope's Essays, Shakespeare's 
Plays, Josephns's Works, and the like. 

The librarian, in charge of a library stocked with heavy literature of 
this character, would not be overworked in handling the rush of school 
children for books, if the children of that time were like the children of the 
present time. 

An act of the Legislature of 185J, provided for the establishment of 
township libraries. The townships were recpiired to j)a\' a small sum toward 
the expense and make suitable provision for the care of the books and the 
maintenance of the library. The books were to be furnished at the expense 
of the state. In 1854 and 1855, under the provisions of this act, the state 
distributed about eight .sets, of three hundred volumes each, to the several 
townships of Daviess county. In these sets were all the leading works of 
that period, including many volumes of high merit. The township trustee 
was the custodian of these libraries, and for awhile they were very po[nilar 


.and largely patronized. Remnants of these township libraries may still be 
found in the office of townsliip trustees; but most of the books of value will 
be found in the private libraries of citizens of the several townships, the 
books apparently having- been taken out and never returned. Through the 
negligence of the custodian, no record was kept, and the borrower in time 
became the undisputed owner of the books. The township library books 
were all in substantial binding, and, unless wilfully destroyed, are, no doubt, 
in good condition. 

About the time of the distribution of the township library books, 
William McClure, a citizen of New Harmony, of great wealth, died, leaving 
a large fortune as a bequest for the founding of public libraries throughout 
the state for the benefit of the working classes. These were known as the 
McClure, or working men's lijjraries, and were very popular wherever estab- 
lished. Several of these libraries were obtained for localities in Daviess 
county and were maintained for se\'eral years, to the great advantage of the 
community in which they were located. Like the township libraries, in time 
the books of the McClure libraries got into the hands of persons who were 
careless or indifferent about returning them. The custo<lian of the library 
was alike careless and indifferent about keeping a record of the books, and 
they are now scattered about in [irivale Iil)raries. A remnant may possibly 
be found in public libraries of later estal)lishment in the schools and tow^ns 
■of the county. 


The Carnegie public liljrary of WKshington originated'in a suggestion 
made by the ladies of the Mon<lay Afternoon Club. Acting upon the sug- 
gestion, a meeting of a!)out twelve citizens was held, February 21, 1901, in 
the office of Gardiner & Slimi>. Al that meeting a committee was appointed, 
consisting of l\e\ , I. I. (iorbv, b'.zra .Mattingly and John W. McCarty, to 
civrrespond with .\ndrew Laniegie, for the purpose of ascertaining the con- 
ditions, and the amount he would be willing to donate, for the establish- 
ment of a pul)lic library in the city of Washington. Mr. Carnegie promptly 
responded to the inquiry of the committee, making an offer of fifteen thou- 
sand dollars for the establishment of the proposed library, which amount 
was afterward increased to twenty thousand dollars. The usual conditions 
were imposed as a condition io this donation : that an amount e(|ual t(j ten 
jier cent, of this donation should be guaranteed annually Ijy the city as a 
fimd for the permanent maintenance of the library. The cit\' council accepted 


the donation on tlie conditions named, anil ^uaranteeil an annual appropria- 
tion of two thousand dollars as a maintenance funtl. 

On June 14, Kjoi, Joseph Cabcl generously donated a large tract 
of ground, located on West Main street, for a library site and a public park. 
In accordance with a provision of an act of the General Assembly of 1901, 
a library board of seven members was appointed, three of whom were 
appointed by the judge of the circuft court, two by the city council and two 
by the city school board. Judge William R. Gardiner and Mayor John \V. 
McCarty were appointed by Judge Houghton, of the circuit court; William 
F. Hoifniann and Mrs. J. M. Wakefield, by the city council; Ezra Mattingly 
and Mrs. T. A. Ackley, by the city school board. Mr. Hoifniann tlietl m 
October 24, 1901, and Ilamlet Allen was appointed in his platf. ]\Irs. Wake- 
field and Mrs. Ackley resigned and their places were filled by Airs. Austin 
F. Cabel and Mrs. J. W. Corning. 

Patton & Miller, of Chicago, were selected as architects, plans and 
specifications were adopted, and a cnntrsct was let to Bulley & Andrews 
for the construction of the building. The contract ]irice was sixteen thou- 
sand f(jur hundred and ninet\--(ine dollars, for all the work except heating,, 
lighting, plumbing, .-lewerage, gas and water fittings, l-'urniturc and book 
cases, and the work of finishing the two basement roums, were also in addi- 
tion to the contract price. The first brick was laid by Haiulet Allen in May, 
1902. The building was completed and ready for occupancy by the latter 
part of Decemljer, 1902. The structure is of stone and brick, and is well 
and carefully built, of durable material a^id of the most ai)pro\'ed style nf 
W(jri<manship. The architectural design is for a building uf a durable and 
buljstantial character rather lliiin une ij.i which the ornamental and artistic 
features are most prominent. 

John H. (J'Xeal, acting fi>r himself, and in CDUijiliance with the wishes 
cif his father-in-law, the late Dr. (i. G. I'.artdn. dcli\erc(l tci tlie library Imard 
over one thousand volumes. Some of these \vere books behjuging to Mr. 
O'Neal, and some that were left in his custody, years ago, b\' Dcictor Barton,. 
for library purposes. There are ncnv about ten thousand volumes in the 
library, of which lifty are the projierty i>f U. S. Grant No. 72. (irand 
Army of the Republic, which ba\e been plactwJ in the library fur use and 
for safekeeping. 

1 The tirsl librarian was Mrs. .\nnie 11. Gibson, whi> was appuiiUed in 
1902, and began her work on January 7, VA).\ Those who ha\e served 
as librarians since the establishment of the Carnegie library are the follnw- 
insr: .Mrs. .\nnie Gibson. 1903 to I'Md; Miss [.ucia I'.ogner, I'ilO to 1911; 


•AliNlCiwi-; 1,1 i:i; Ai;'!', \\ ahi 1 1 M ;ii iX- 



Miss Helen Allen, l')ll to 1913. .Miss .Mary l-'.. Waller is the present libra- 
rian, having Ijegnn lier work in 1913, suceeedin^ Miss .\llen. Miss .\ilelia 
I'aslo is the assistant librarian. 

^Members of the present board of trnstees are I'rof. Hamlet .Mien, 
president; ^[ayor John W. McL"arty, vice-president; Ezra Mattingly, secre- 
tary and treasurer; \V. \'. Axtell, Mrs. A. \\ Label, Mrs. M. S. Hastings, 
and Mrs. Mar)' C Shirley. 

i.ii!k.\kian's KEi'oirr. 

The following repi irt of the librarian for the month of March, 1915, 
shows the number of books in the library on that date. The c iinparisim of 
circulation with the corresijonding nmnth of the ])re\ious )-ear slmws a 
marked increase in ])atronage, the increase, it will be noted, being about 
ecjually distributetl between adult and juvenile publications: 

Total number of books .m hand, March 1. I'M 5 9,645 

I'.ocjks added by purchase 236 

Books added by gift 5 

Xumber of l)o<iks in library Afarcb 31. 1915 9,8cS6 

C'irculatioji of books in March, 1915 — 

Adult 2,455 

Juvenile 2,035 

Total 4.490 

Circulation, March, 1914 — 

.\duil 1.^^*'4 

Juvemie 1.419 3,283 

Increase circulation, March, 1915 1,207 

Number (jf borrowers at beginning nf month l,7iS3 

New l)orrowers registered during month 79 

Total number borrowers 1,S62 

Average daily circulation for March, ii;i5 i44-''^3 

Average daily circulation fc.r March, 1914 131.32 




The success of men in business or any \ocation depends upon character, 
as well as upon knowledge. Business demands confidence, and where that 
is lacking business ends. In every conmiunity some men are known for their 
upright lives, strong common sense and moral worth rather than for their 
wealth or political standing. Their neighbors and actiuaintances respect 
them, the )-ounger generations heed their examples, and when they "Wraj) 
the drapery of their couches about them and lie down to pleasant dreams," 
posterity 'listens with reverence to the story of their quiet and useful lives. 
Among such men of a pa.^t generati(jn, in Indiana, was Magness J. Carnaban, 
of Washington, Indiana, a progressive man of alfairs, buccessful in material 
pursuits, but a man of modest and unassuming demeanor, well educated and 
a line type of the reliable, self-made American, a friend to the poor, charitable 
to the faults of his neighbors, ready to unite with them in every good work 
and laudalile public enterprise. He was proud of the county in which he 
lived, zealous for its progress and prosperity. He perfoi'med valiant service 
ill behalf of the Union cause during the Civil War and, at the time of his 
death, was sur\'i\ed by a widow ami a daughter who revere his memory. 

iSIaguess J. Carnaban was l)orn on I'"el)ruary lo, 1S44, in Washington, 
Indiana, lie was a son of Robert and b'liza (Graham) Carnaban, both of 
whom are nali\es of Kentucky, and who came to Daviess count}-, Indiana, in 
j)ioneer chus. Magness J. Carnaban had a \-aried career. At the breaking 
out of the Civil War, be enlisted in Company C, iMfty-fifth Regiment, Indi- 
ana Volunteer Infantry, and at the expiration of bis term of enlistment, 
re-enlisted in Company K, One Hundred and Seventeenth Regiment, Indi- 
ana Volunteer Infantry, serving nine months. He returned from the war 
and engaged in the clothing business at Loogootee, Indiana, in ])artnership 
with a Mr. Sefrit. He continued this business but a short time, when he 
formed another partnership with Thomas Adams and founded the hardware 
business that is now known as the Reynolds-Brooks Hardware Company. 


He [lurcliasctl tlic interest of Mr. Adams in 1S73 aiul worked alone till 1884, 
when Lewis C. Brooks and ller\ey 'rruehlood became members of the firm 
under the name of Carnahan & Conipanj'. The O'Uonnell-Barrows Hard- 
ware Comi)any, of \\''a.shinL;t(_in, is the successor to iM. J. Carnahan Company. 
He thus built up two of the larL;est implement stores in southern Indiana. 
At one time he w*i als<i eiii^aged in the grain and lumber business at Loo- 
gootee, and established a line n\ saw-nulls. Later, he established a idaning- 
niill at Loogootee, an<l still later he estal)lished the Carnahan Manufacturing 
Compau}' there. He resided in Loogootee until 1900, when he moved to 

Magness j. Carnahan was twice married, the first time at Louisville^ 
{•ventucky, in iS/-', to Hattie Dunu, who died in iNS'5. His second mar- 
riage was to Margaret Trippet, in i8S(), and to this second marriage twi> 
children were born, Helen, a graduate of Wellesley College, and Lamuna,. 
who died in infancy. 

h'or some years ])rior t<i Mr. Carnahan's death, he lived at Washington. 
Lie liad ;r .splendid and imposing residence on blast .Main street. Afagness J. 
Carnahan was a member of the I'resbyterian church, in which he was a 
trustee and ekler. He was a charter member of the (jrand Army of the 
kepuljlic at Loogootee, and throughout his life was prominent in the affairs 
of this patriotic organization. While in Washington, Ah\ Carnahan served 
as a member of the county council. 


The life history of the 1 ton. I'.zra Mattingly has been for many years 
closi'h' identified wiili llie hisinry of Pavie.->v couiily, ludi.ina. 'fiirMughout 
the _\ears his life has been one of untiring actix'ity cuid it has lieen crowned 
with a gratifyinjj degree of professional success. By a straightforward, 
honora.ble course, Mr. Mattingly has built uj) a g(Jod legal business. His life 
affords a further example of what an .Vmerican youth, unaided by wealth, 
liut pleutifullv endowed with energy and determination, can accomplish 
when accompanied by sound moral principles. 

blzra Mattingly was born on .\ugnst 27. 1864, in Washington township,. 
na\iess counlw [ndian;i, and was reared on his f;ilher's larm. He attemled 
the district schools and the old S<iuthern Indiana .\ormal Scliool at Mitchell. 
After leaving scliodl, Mr. Mattingly engaged in teaching for seven years. 


He tlien studied law in W'ashinjitnn and was adinilted tu the l)ar at the age 
of twenty-six. He has practiced law in Washington since his admission to 
the bar. His first partner was William Heffernan, and this firm continued 
in bu>ine>s fur sixteen and one-half years. IMr. Mattingi\'s present [lartner- 
shi[) with Stephen li. Myers began on December 1, iyU(S. 

On September 8, 1892, Mr. Mattingly was married to Tillie Millis, a 
daughter of ))r. h'dward D. and bliza .Ann ( lUirton ) .Millis, and to this 
union three children ha\e been born, Caroline, h'.dward J., and (ieorge E. 
Caroline is a graduate of the Washington high school and also of Frank- 
lin College, graduating from the latter institution in Kji^ with high honor.s, 
and is now principal of the high school at (jreeiis bork, Indiana, lulward 
J. died in infancy, (ieorge I''., is a freshman in Washington high school. 

.Mr. Alattmgl)- is the _\(iungest of a family of nine children: .\lbert G., 
who die<l on .\pril i(>. i8(/j; Mary [■'.., the wife of JmIiu L. Johnson, of 
Bicknell, Indiana; James W., (jf Washington; Laura C.. the wife of William 
H. Cole, of ( )kmulgee, Oklahoma; blisha, «d' Washington; Sanuiel, who 
died on Jainiary 5, ii;o5; ;nid two who died in infancy. His father was 
James .Matlmgly, a nati\e of Masou county, Kentucky, who. Iiecausc he 
liated human sla\cr\-, came l<i l)a\iess counl\'. Indiana, and located upon a 

James Afattingly was first married to Catherine Ijarr, who died, leav- 
ing him two children, John and Martha, both of whom died many \ears ago. 
<)n .March 4, 1849, 'ic \\<is married to Mar}- Ann lierry. They li\-ed in 
Washington, Indiana, where he engaged in carpenter work until four or 
live \ea,rs before his death, when tailing health contpelled him ti> return tcj 
farnnng. lie died on the home farm in Washington township on January 
31, 18^15, at the age id' lifty-li\e wars. His widow died on March j(<. 1914, 
at the age oi eightv-ti\e years. She ne\-er remarried and was for m:my years 
an artue memlier ol llie Haplist church. 

Ihe paternal grandparents of b'.zi'a Mattingly were nati\'es of Ken- 
tuckv ancl pinneers (d" Mason counl\'. dhe\- were the jiarents (jf four chil- 
dren, John. .Augustine, SyK'ester and James, all of whom came to 1 )a\ iess 
county, Indiana. Ihe maternal graudfatlier was llexerly l'ierr_\', wdio was 
born in Kentucky in 1800 and who died in Dax'iess coiuHy, Indiana, in 1858. 
He likewise lied from the land of sla\ery to the free soil of Indiana. His 
■wife was Ann F.liza ( I'lvans ) llerrw also a native of .Mason count\', Ken- 
tucky, born in i8oj, who died in Daviess counts', in 1872. They had a 
large family of children: .\rthur, biNaline, Henry, James M., Mary .\nn. 


Sarah, Walter, Susan, Louisa, Amelia and John D., all of whom are now 
deceased except Amelia and John D. 

Mrs. Ezra Mattingly was born in Orange county, Indiana, January 
20, 1868, and is the eldest of four children, Tillie, Burton J., Caroline and 
William E. Her father, Dr. Edward D. Alillis, is a native of Orange 
county, and her mother of Lawrence county, Indiana. Her mother died on 
September u, 1898, at the age of fifty-two; her father still resides at Plain- 
ville. Her paternal grandfather was Capt. John Millis, who married Nancy 
Cloud, and her maternal grandfather was Zachariah Burton, who, for his 
second wife, married Matilda Teegarden. Zachariah Burton was a native 
of North Carolina, liorn in 1801, who became a ijionecr of Lawrence county, 
Indiana, where he died in 1S8S. His children were Ransom, Caswell R., 
Mary S., Hugh F., Virginia C, John C, Margaret. Zachariah, Juliette, 
Eliza A., Sarah J., William H., (korge W., Caroline and Shubil. 

Mr. Mattingly is acti\'ely interested in the civic and commercial affairs 
of iiis home city; is a director in the State Bank of ^\'ashington, attorney 
for the Union Savings and Loan Association and a member of the board of 
the Carnegie public library. He and his family are members of the iVIis- 
sionary Ij5a|jtist church and he is a member of the board of trustees of his 
church and is a deacon of the local congregati(3n. For several years he has 
served as a mem1)er of the board of trustees of Franklin College. 

ThroughoiU liis life, Mr. .Mattingly has been identilied with the fortunes 
of the Republican party. He served as county attorney for two years and 
was county chairman in 1892 and 1894. From i<K-)6 until 1910 he was a 
member of the Indiana state Senate, representing the district of Daviess 
and Pike counties, where he made an honorable record as a legislator, for 
which he is well known throiudioiu the state of Indiana. 


Perse\'erance and sterling worth are almost always sure to win con- 
spicuous recognition in any locality, especially in educational work. Prof. 
Luigene D. .Merriman, superintendent of the Washington city schools, for 
yeiurs has been recognized as one of the leading educators oi this state. After 
an extensive course of training for educational work and wide experience 
as a te.'icher in the >chools ot Indiana and Illinois, Professor Merriman was 
called to Washington, as superintendent of city schools, in the fall of 1913, 


and has made a splendid record as the liead of the schools since arriving in 
that city. He is a fine example of the successful, self-made man and not 
only deserves the confidence reposed in him by his fellow citizens, but alsO' 
possesses a degree of talent and forcefulness of character which have made 
him successful as an instructor and educator. Professor Merriman is a 
man of strong fiber and vigorous mentality and has achieved a signal success- 
as a director of educational work. 

Prof, liugene D. ^lerriman was horn on August 8, uS/i, in Huntington 
county, Indiana, the son of Hixun and Angeline (Broughman) Merriman, 
natives of Indiana, who were the parents of five children. Prof. Eugene D., 
of Washington; Cyril, of Camden, New Jersey; May, the wife of Fred 
Stacey, of Camden, New Jersey; Leona, the wife (jf L. C. Bowman, of 
Chicago; Hortense, who is unmarried and lives in Chicago, and Porrest, 
who died in early childhood. 

Hixon Merriman was reared in Huntington county, Indiana. He 
owned a farm of forty acres, which he imiiroved and where he reared his 
family. He sold this farm and m<.ved to Marion, Indiana, where he now 
resides. His wife died in 1904 at the age of sixty years. Both were mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal church. 

The paternal grandparents of Prof. Eugene D. Merriman were ]\Iicajah 
Merriman and wife, natives of Ohio, who came to Indiana as pioneers. They 
took up land in Huntington county and owned a large farm where they died, 
well advanced in years. Their children were Hixon, Newton, Wayland, 
Tacob, Douglas, George and Basil. The maternal grandparents of Profes- 
sor Merriman also came from Ohio in an early day and settled in Hunting- 
ton county, in the village of Plum Tree. Mr. Broughman was a blacksmith 
and died in Plum Tree at an advanced age. They were the parents of five 
children, Svlvester, Angeline, Fremont, Colonel autl Charles. 

Prof. I'.ugene H. Merriman was reared on hi> father's farm in Hunt- 
ington countv, Indiana, and attended the district >chools. After graduating 
from the district schools, he was a student at the Indiana State Normal 
School at Terre Haute and finally at DePauw Lhiiversity :ind the Indiana 
State University at Bloomington. After leaving Indiana University, he be- 
gan teaching in the district .schools of his home county and taught there for 
several years. His first principalshij) was at I'.ast Chicago, Indiana, alter 
which he became sui)erintendent of the North townshi]) schools, including 
East Chicago and Whiting. He remaincil there for seven years and then 
became a stuilent at Cornell University at Ithaca. New York, being gradu- 
ated from this university in 1905, with the degree of Bachelor of .Arts. 


From Cornell, he went to Belvidere, Illinois, as superintenilenl of the city 
schools and was there for eight years. During this period he attended Ciii- 
cago University, from which institution he secured the degree of Master of 
Philosophy in 191 1. Professor "Merriman was called tn Washington, In- 
diana, in 191 3, as superintendent of the city schools there. There are three 
hundred students in the higli school and almut lifteen hundred pupils in the 
public schools of the county ^eat, over whom Pro lessor Merriman has direct 
supervi^ion. Superintendent Merriman is at present in attendance at Chi- 
cago University, during the summers, working for his Doctor's degree. 

Prof, luigene 1). Merriman was married on August 15, 1896, to Eliza- 
beth Stout, daughter of Job C. and Mary (Brady) Stout. One son, Merrill 
\'., has been born to this nni<in. 

.Mrs. Merriman was born in Huntington countw Indiana. Her parents 
were natives of ( )hio, ami early settler^ in lluntingi-m c<ium_\-. Her father 
died in 1010, at llie age of seventy years, and her mother is still living. 
I hey were the p.-ueuts of six children. I'.Ua. jenme. Mattie, William, bdiza- 
beth and Xettie. 

Professor Merriman and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
church and take an. active part in the affairs of this church, to which they 
are liberrd contributors. iM-aternally, Professor .Merriman belongs to Wash- 
ington Lodge Xo. 30, Free and .\cceiited Masons. Washington Chapter X(j. 
9_>, Royal .\rch .Masons; the Knights of Pythias; the Royal Arcanum and 
the Modern Woodmen of .America. Professor and Mrs. Merriman are 
members of the Order of the b'.astern Star. Professor Merriman is a mem- 
ber of the Xational I'.ducation .Association and has been prominently con- 
nected with the ]iroeeedings of that assuciatiion. Mr. and Mrs. Alerriman 
are popular in the uncial life of Washington and leaders in the social and 
civic at'fairs of that citv. 


The man who ilevotes his talents and energies to the nol)le work of 
ministering to the ills and alleviating the sufferings of humanity iiursues a 
calling which in dignity and imixirtance is second to none other. If true to 
his profession and earnest in his efforts to enlarge his sphere of usefulness, 
he is indeed a great benefactor to all of his kind, for to him more than to 
anv other man are entrusted the safety, the comfort, and in m.any instances 


the lives of tliose who place themselves under his care. Among this class 
of i)rufessi(.inal men is Dr. Charles 1'. SciuKler, who has stood for many 
years, with few peers and no superiors, among the physicians of Daviess 
county, Indiana. During this time he nut only has gained wide distinction 
in his chosen vocation, hut also has estahlished a suhstantial reputation for 
uprightness and character in all the relations of life. Doctor Scudder early 
realizetl that ti« those who attained well-delnied success in the ntedical ])ro- 
fession there must he given not only technical ahility, 1)Ut nho hruad human 
svnipath\ — a sympathy which passes nu-re sentiment and which l.iecomes an 
actuating motive for helpfulness, and ever has sought tu li\e up to this ideal, 
thus adding dignity ;uid honor to his pnd'ession \)y nohle purposes. 

Charles I'. Scu<lder, Al. D., physician and surgeon, of Washington, 
Indiana, was horn in that city (■n Novemher 8, 1859, a son of Dr. John A. 
and Helen ( \'an Trees) Scudder, n.atives of Daviess county, who were the 
pareius of se\en chililren, namely: Dr. Charles P., with whom this narra- 
tive deals; Tillie I'., the wife of S. I'.. I'.oyd, of tlie U'asliiiu/lon Democrat, ■ 
I.aura (i., the wife of John 1.. Winston, of Washingtou; .\nna \''., the wife 
of U. C. I.)a\is, of Iiiih'ana]iohs : Dr. David A., deceased, and two who died 

The late Dr. lolm-A. Scudder, was reared in Daviess county, Indiana, 
and was a phvsician pr.acticing in Washington for thirtv-live i,r forty years. 
He served throughout the Civil War as an army surgeon and died in 1896, 
at tlie age of sixtv-three vears. His widow still survives him. Both were 
memhers of the Cumherland I 'reshyterian church. He was pension examiner 
in Washington for more than thirty-live years. 

d"he paternal grandfather of Dr. Charles I'. Sctulder was Jacob S. 
Scudder, whose wife was Matilda Arrell. The former was a native of 
Daviess countv, Indiana, an<l the latter a native of Pennsylvania. They 
were piouier farmers of \\-ale lownship, this counlw their home being .si.K 
miles soinhwest of Washington. Jacob S. Scudder died in middle life, while 
his widow lived to reach the age of seventy-five. They were the parents 
of Dr. John A., .Mrs. I'.lizalieth 1'. Hall, James, Pmm;i and Dr. ("harles, of 
whom Mrs. Hall is the only survivor. 

)ohn Scudiler, the great-grandfather of Dr. Charles P. Scmlder, was 
born in l-Teehold, New Jersey, and moved to Daviess county, Indiana, in 
1811). He was a surgeon in the Revolutionary army, serving in tiie regiment 
of his father, Col. Nathaniel Scudder, also a i)iiysician, who was born on 
Long Lsland. His parents moved to Princeton, New Jersey, when he was 


sixteen years of age, and he was graduated frijui I'rincetnn Unisersity, in 


The maternal grandparents of Dr. diaries 1'. Scudiler were Jnhn and 
Lam'a (Prentiss) \'an Trees, the lornier a natixe of ("incinnati. ( )liio, and 
the latter a nati\e of Indiana, piuneers in Da\'iess enunt)'. I'nr nian\' years 
John \'an Trees was a nierclimit in \\',-isliingt(jn, and was counl\' elerk for 
nil. re tliirt)' years. Ildlli died in Washington. The l)i(igra])liical sketch 
I if Warren \'an Trees, presented elsewhere in this \(ihinie, gi\es additional 
interesting details regarding the \'an Trees family liisti.iry. 

riiarles 1". Sendiler, M. 13., therefore conies frnm two nf the .'Ide-i .ii.d 
most highl\' respected families of r)a\'iess count)-, and is ilesceiideil Imni a 
I<iiig line 111 plusicians and surgeiuis. lie hi.rn and reared in W'asliing- 
ton, Indirnia, where he attended the puhlic schmils, heing graduated at the 
head nf his class at the \\'a>liingtiin high -ichn'il, after which he tnnk u]) the 
studv of medicine. In iSSi he was graduated Irian the .Mi.-mii .Medical Col- 
lege at Cincinnati and has practiced ciintiiuiously in Washington for thirtv- 
four years. 

On August JO, 11^05, Dnctor Scnddei- was married to Luuise J. Stam- 
I>er, ;i daughter of William W. and lU-rlie (l)a\'is) Stamper, and to this 
uniiin four children lia\e been horn, (di.arles 1'., Jnliii A., William W. and 
Daxid h'enwick', the lal"ter of whom died at the age of twn and Mue-half 
years. Airs. Scudder was linrn in Owen cnuntN', Keiituckw ller parents, 
who likewise were natives of that onmly, ;ire nnw h\ing in Lnnisville, Ken- 
tnckw Tlie\' are the parents ul four children, I.onise j., who married Doctor 
Scudder; Mr>. Ruth S\\<i])u; Mrs. .\. W. hdlen, and jnhn, the latter of whom 
died when a child. 

.Mrs. Scudder's father is a native i)f Kentucky, ;md is niie of twn chil- 
dren hnrii to his parents, William W. ;uiil i'dw-nnd .Stamper, the latter nf 
wlinm is cniinected wilh the .'^ecniid Xaliniial I'.ank, ni 1 .nnis\ille. Mrs. 
Scudder's maternal grandlather was Altred I'. Da\-is, wlm was a n;ili\e i>i 
Kentnck\', in which state he spent his entire lile. lie was the father of fnur 
children, Richard C., John ()., denrgc and liertie, by his first marriage; and 
by his second marriage he had two children, 1 larry ;md Mrs. .\llie Jones. 

The fnunder ni the Scudder family in Amciea was Scudder, 
who came fmui London, luigkand, and who li\ed at .S.aleni, .Mass.achuset ts, 
as earh' as 1635. There he resided until his death in 1113S. Ijis wife was 
I'dizabeth Scudder. 

Charles 1'. .Scudder, M. D., is a member nf the Da\iess Cniinty Medical 
Societx', the Indiana State .Medical .\ssneiatinn ;md the .Americrni .Medical 



•Associatiton. He is .surs^a-iui fur the C'hica-o X: J'lastcrn Illinois Railway 
Company, and fraternally, is a nicnilicr nf the Henevolent anil J'mteelive 
Order ut h'.lks. I'ljlitically, Doctor SctuMer is a Uepnlilican. .Mrs. Seudder 
1.S a meniher of the I'reshyterian church, of which the faniilv are faithful 
attendants and to the support of which they are liheral sujjporters. 


AuKjiij^- the enterprisin.i,^, pro-ressive and puhlic-spinted men, whose 
activities in husiness and political circles, as well as in pulilic all'airs, have 
made Daviess county one (if the thrivuij,'- comities of Indiana, and the city 
of Washin.t^ton an important center of commerce and indu'-try, is Ernest 
]-orsythe, who is at present holiliiij.; the respousihlc p.isition of pc.stmaster 
at \\'ashin,i.;t</n, and who is re,i;arded a> one of the mlluential men of Wa>h- 
iiigton and Da\iess count \-. 

I'j-nest !•;. I'orythe was horn on .\pril _>, 1S7;,, at Xine\eh, in Johnson 
county, Indiana, the son of l)a\id I', .uid Mar} I.. (I.o-an) h'or>vihe, the 
former of whom wa-^ a native id' johnsou county, Indiana, and the latter 
of Kentucky. .M]-s. .Mary L, l'"orsythe rode on the horn of a sa.ldle with 
her mother, when a hahy, in coming; fr(jm Oldham count v, Kentucky, to 
Johnson county, Indiana, wdiere she ^^rew to wdmanliooil and was married, 
and where the rest of her life was spent, her death occurrin;.;- in 1903. David 
1'. h"ors)lhe died on .March jS, i(;i5, at the home of his >on, the suliject of 
this sketch, [lis wife was originally a memher of the l'.apti>t church (old 
.school), hut later identified herself with the Methodist church. They were 
farmers in Johnson county, .Mr. h"ors\the owninu;- a farm of ei,L;ht\ acre-, 
\ which he s,,ld hefore mo\m^ into Xiiieveh. Tlie\ were the |)arenis of ten 
children. Thomas T., deceax-d ; Martha !.., deceased, who was the wife ni 
.\. C. Deer; .Sarah J., deceased; who was the wife of \\'. D. Terhnne; Mora, 
the wife of h'rank Cliamhers, of Clermont, Indi.ana; ( )scar 1)., of W'ash- 
in,i;ton, this comity; Jose]ihine. the wife of X. h'. Houston, of Topeka, 
Kansas; John E., of San Dici^o, California; .Mar,L;arel ].., the wife of .Mar- 
shall Deer, of Johnson county, Indiana; I'.rnest \'.., of Washin.s^ton, and 
Cussie 1^., the wife of Dr. J. J. IV'cr, of Zionsville, In. liana. 

The ]iaternal grandparents of hj-ne-t 1^. I'orsylhe were David and .Mar- 
.t^arel (I'ritchardi k'ursythe, natives of Kentucky and pioneer farnier> of 
Johnson county, Indiana, where they died and were hiu-ied upon the farm 


upon which they settled upon coming to this state. They brought their 
slaves with them from the South, but upon arriving on free soil freed their 
bondmen. The latter remained with them, however, and were Ijuried in the 
same graveyard with their former master and mistress. The children liorn 
to David I'orsytlie and wife were David 1\, .Sarah and I'etsey. Davitl Fur- 
sythe was married, secondly, to a Miss I.awins and two children were burn 
to this latter union, yVndrew J. and Elkanah. 

The great-gr;uid father of ICrnest Iv iM.irsythe was also David Forsythe. 
He was the original D.avid of the American line of this famil\' and his wife 
was a girl that he had cared for on the voyage across the ocean to America. 
The original David b"or-;ythe was born in Ireland and was a memlier of the 
Protestant cliurch. lie. mo\'cd from Ireland to Scitland and thence to 
America, to ol)tain religious freedom. lie located in \'irginia, married 
Margaret (iiblnns ;iud reared a family, the numerous ])rogcny of which is 
now represented in' st.ates in the Union. 

I'.rne^t b.. In irsytbe's maternal grandparents were ](jhn anil I'aulina 
(Sturgeon) the former of whom wa^ a nati\'e r.f Ireland. The\' 
were married in Kentucky and were pioneers in Johnson count}', Indiana, 
where he was a plasterer by trade and later a farmer. They ilied on the old 
home place in Johnson county. They were the parents of Harry, Mary L., 
John, Margaret, bdliot and Nancy Katon. 

b'.rne^t F.. b'orsythe, the sul^ject of this sketch, was reared in Nineveh, 
Indi.aiia, but was brought up as a farmer lad. He attendeil the Nineveh 
public schools and the high scln ml and then went In the Dan\-ille Normal 
school, where he ti>ok the teachers' course. .Afterwards he taught in the 
public schools of Johnson county for one year and then accepted a position 
with the Rock Island Kaiboail, at I lerringlcjii, He worked in the 
baggage and freight department ol' that for a time and later in the 
general ol'lices of the Santa he Railroad at Topeka, Kan^a.s, which latter 
j>o^ition he resigneil to accept a prtiposition from a Chicago portrait com])any 
as state agent for Indiana, with headipiarters at Indianapolis. While oc- 
cui)ying this position lie was married, on June i, 1S96, to Mabel C. b'i.^her, 
the daughter of William II. and .Mary J. ( Giiod) Fisher, of Franklin, Indian.!, 
to which union two children lia\e been born, Harold, now aged seventeen, 
and Paul, aged eight. 

Mrs. Forsythe was born in Johnson county, Indiana, her parents also 
being natives of the same county. The latter now reside in Franklin, where 
they celebrated their fiftieth wedding anniversary in (Dctc>ber, 1914. They 
have live children, Lester, Herbert M.. Farl C, Nellie and Mabel C. Mrs. 


Forsythe's paternal grandfather was Capt. William Fisher, who served with 
distinction in the Uniun army during the Civil War. 

Mr. Fcirsythe is an etticient postmaster, lie was appointed to that re- 
spunsiijle nftice in August, 1913, and is now holding the position, his service 
proving very satisfactory to the patrons of the W^ashington post otifice. Mr. 
Forsythe is a Democrat and for years has been active in the councils of his 
party. ]\lr. and Airs. Forsythe are niemhers of the Christian churcli as 
also is their son, Flarold. Mr. i'orsythe lielongs to i\loore Lodge No. 304, 
Free and Accepted Masons, of CJdon, Indiana; Washington Cha])ter No. 92, 
Royal Arch INIasons; the ^Vashington lodge of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows; the C^don lodge of Knights of I'ythias, and the Wasliinglon 
lodge of the Modern Woodmen of America. Frnest F. Forsythe is not only 
an efficient postmaster, but he is a g<iod citizen and is held in high esteem by 
a host of friends and acquaintances who know him Ix-st. 



In and around the town of I'Jnura, in I'"lin(ire to\\n>hip, Da\'iess county, 
and throughout that whole part of the C(,iunt\', tliert- is perhaps no one who 
does not kn(jw the gentleman whose name is noteil aljove. Mr. Whisman 
is not only the heaviest property owner in the t(jwn of Elnora, hut is one of 
the most extensive farmers and stock raisers in the county, his business 
operations covering a wide range. As farmer, stock raiser, merchant and 
banker, he has been a successful manager in all he has undertaken and in 
consequence wields a large measure of influence in the community in which 
his activities for years have been e.\i)ended. Not oidy is he widely known, 
luit he i.-> perM'iialK popular among ail with wlunu he comes in cont.acl and 
there arc few men in the connt\ who ha\e a larger i)Lr.sonal folldwing than 
he. A iaige man, ol exceptional physic;d endowment, he al^o is a man of 
large heart and his friends are limited onl_\- hy tiie nnmher of his ac(|uaint- 
ances. It is a pleasure therelorc lor the hiograpiier here to call the reader's 
attention to a brief re\'iew of the achievements of this notable personality, 
whose intluence in belialf of belter tilings in Daviess county has been for so 
many years so wisely and widely exerted. 

S\l\ester A. Whisman was born in Monroe county, Imliana, near the 
village of Flletsville, on January -'3, iS^J, the son of (ieorge anil Leltie 
( I lit^htower ) Whisman, the former of whom was a native of X'irginia and 


tlic latter a native of Tennessee. George W'hisuian, who was a teamster in 
X'irginia, emit^rated ti> Indiana in Ins niidiUe a.L;e and iKjnj^iit a I'arnt near 
Elletsvilie, in Monroe connt\', where he spent the rest ui his hfe. To him 
and his wife there were burn tour ciiildren. W'ilham (i., J larondon L., 
Syh'ester A., the immediate siiliject oi this sketch, and Xieey. 

Sylxester A. Wiiisman was reared in Alunroe county, attendint^ the 
t(jwnshi|) schools of the neii;lil)orhood in which his parents li\'ed. The lir>t 
school that he attended was ei|uip]ied as to seats, or lienches for the pupils 
to sit upon, with sjilit kit;s upheld hy i)ei;s driven into the r(iunde<l side, the 
children perching;' llienisel\-es upon the s])lit surface, which Air. Whisinan 
recalls was not alwa\s entire] \' free from sphnters, to the no small discom- 
fort of the u ri,L;>.;liuL;' urchins wlu' were compelled lo occupy ihe^e precari- 
ous henches. I'pou I'eachinj; manho(jd's estate. Air. W'hisuian >tarted far ■■■- 
']Uit. in Monroi.- count\- and remained there until iSoj, in which _\-car he 
mo\cd to .Mori^au count\, Indiana, takiiii;- a f.irm near Alartiusx illc, ou 
wiiich he rem.ained until the year 1 No,v in which year he came tcj l)a\-ie>s 
coum\'. takmi; a f.arm in hduiore township, alioul one mile west of I'duor.a, 
on which he ever since has made his home. 

Mr. W' believes in doiuj; things on a larj^e scale and for years 
man;ii(ed no less than one thous.and acre- of land in the vicinit)- of I-^hiora. 
As hi- other business interest- i^rew, however, he L;radnally reduced hi-. 
f.arm holdin,L;s until now he operate- Iml four hundred and thirty-seven 
acres; In- sons am! farm employees doini; the acti\e work of the larm, to 
which -eiieral f.irmiuii i- aikled -tock raisiii- on an e\teu-ive scale, ]ianic- 
ular atteiilioii beiui; paid to white-faced cattle and the hi-- ty]ie of Toland- 
L'hiu.a Iii'.l;-. Mr. Whi-man ,L;i\iu.U his clo>e per-onal ;iltention to the ilirec- 
tion ni the various jjlra-es of the cultualiou of hi> broad llelds. 

In additi(,in to hi- lar^'e farmini.;- interest-. .Mr Wliisinan is the heaviest 
iudi\idiial piopeil) owner 111 bliioia, and i- a -lockholder iu the I'.hiora 
bank and in the bank at Marco, b'or the ]iasl -i\teeii \ eaVs he has been a 
full partner in the L;eueral store at b'.luora, with W. II. Lllack. this business 
also h;i\ini;- pros])ered. as h.ave all the other enteri)ris^s with which .Mr. 
W'hisman has been connected. lie tiiids time, in connection with his larj.-;e 
business affairs, t.i .i^ive a proper de.i;ree of atleiuion to -nl^jic affairs and In- 
voice ever is heard in behalf of all moveine'nis ha,v;i>iij'y=<;> tiieir object the 
advancemenl of tlie common welfare. Me is a neriiOcr.i't' (ii»<i'tU«sa no in- 
considerable part in the campai;^iis of that jiarly in his part of tne county. 
For some vcars Mr. Whisuian has ^iven hi- -ervices tn the public in his 


vicinity as a nieniher d the iiiwnsliip advis'iry Imavd, liis excellent executive 
ability and snuud business jiid.tinient prox^ini,' invaluable in that cimnection. 
^ Mr, Wdiisnian has been thriee niarrie<l. liy his tirst wife, \\h<i was 
Carrie 1!. ('unstable, he had one child, a daughter, b'dl.a, who niarrieil I-Jirl 
Melsheiiner. lie nianied, secnudh-, Nellie nutluu, tn which iniion fuur 
children were born, Joseph, Kiehard, llarr\' and William, the latter of whom 
is deceased. l!v his third wife, ( )ma Williams, there were two children, 
<laui;lUers, Lucy and Mary. To all these children Mr. Whitman has been a 
most devoted father and his sons, under his careful Iraininc;', are tak'in.L;' an 
e-arnest and active ]iart in the atTair^ of the locality in which they were 
reared, 'idiere are few men in Daviess county who are doing a lars^'er work 
than is Mr. Whisman and he is re^yarded with the utmost respect and esteem 
b 'all w ho know him. 

JOll.V 1.. CL.\KK 

Specilic nieiuion is made of the many worthy citizens of l)a\-ies- count)', 
Indiana, witlun the paj^o ol tln> bodk, citi/.cns who ha\e I'lgiu'cd in the 
growth and de\e!opiuenl ol this la\ored localU}- and whose interests are 
identdied with its e\er\' ]ihase ol pi'oL;ress, each contnliulmi; in hi> s|iliere 
of action tcj the well-beiuL;- of the community in which each resides and ti.> 
the ad\ancement of its mijral and legitimate gr(jwih. .\niong" this number 
is )ohn I.. I lark', the [iresent county treasurer ot l)a\iess countv. .Mthough 
Mr. ('lari< is not a nati\e of I )a\ iess count)-, he is a nati\e of the grand old 
comnuaiwealth of Indiana, and has coutributeil his best energies t<.) the moral 
and ci\ic adxancemeiit id this great state. 

Mr. (lark was born on I'ebruar)' i;i, iNf'i^, at W'eisburg, in Dearborn 
coniil\, hull, 111, I, a s,,ii ,,f b.hii and ( aroliiia i ( I Clark, nalncs ol 
Dearlu'iii couiit\-, who were the parciUs of ten children, iiamel)' : .M;ir\-. the 
wife id" W. II. i'alterson, of I'.ogard township; ( lara, the widow of I'rancis 
Ferguson; kanmaythe widow of kanies T. Williams; ( Ulie. the wife of 
l'>ank 1'. ICaton, of this county; John I... id' Washington; Howard, id" kjist 
Chicago, and feiiir ''•ri dietl wkile )iiung. 

lolin Clsi k/ti>f^Y*'^<^'' "d" John L.. was reared in Indi.ana, and was 
a farmer fu f5'<?<:IV.u.vCounty, Later he became a merchant at Weisburg, and 
for some vears before coming to Dasiess county, o])eraled a saw-milk In 
liis latter vears he was a fanner in Steele township, where he owned a f.arm 
of eighty acres, lie died there in.iS^S, at the age of seventy-four years. 


His wife died in 1S69. Both were members of the Alethodist church. John 
Clark was a man of rather wide pohtical inHuence in Daviess countv, having 
served two terms as county commissioner, an dlVice wiiich he tilled with ex- 
ceptional ability. 

John L. Clark's paternal grandparents were natives of North Caro- 
lina and early settlers of the eastern part of Indiana. Their children were 
William, John, Samuel and a daughter. 

John L. Clark was reared mostly in Daviess county, Indiana, and has 
!i\ed here from the time he was nine years old. He was reared as a farmer 
l)oy and attendetl the district schools, living at home until he reached his 
maturity. He then married and rented land for .several years. Finally he 
purchased forty acres of land in Steele township, which he improved and 
then added thirty-eight acres, which he still owns. He lived there until 
the spring ui 1913. at which time he was appointed to fill out an un- 
expired term as countv treasurer, lie lia\ing prc\ioiislv, in 191J, licen elected 
to the same otVice, antl he is still holding this oftice. Mr. (_lark also served 
four years as trustee of I^iogard township. 

On February j6, 1883, Juhn L. Clark was married^o ]\Iary E. ^Morgan, 
a daughter of James and Laura (I'.urris) ^Morgan, natives of Indiana, and to 
this happy union seven children were b(jrn, Len L., Ra\'mond ]L.. John \'., 
\'ivian, Edwin, Lyle and Emma. I^n L. is a carpenter at Bickell, Indiana. 
He married Effie Dalton, and they ha\e one child, h'red. \'i\ian died at 
the age of nine months and lunnia at the age of four months. The other 
children are all at home. 

]\Irs. Alary I^. (Morgan) Clark, the mother of these children, died on 
lanuary u, ii;i_'. at the age of thirty-eight. She was born in Barr town- 
ship and was a member of the Methodist EpisC(jpal church. Her father died 
in tooi) at the age of seventv-six. and her ni' illu-r is still living. James 
and l.aur;i (I'lUiris) .Morgan were tlie iiarenls ,,f thirteen children. Delia, 
Marv, William, 'i"honi;is, James, Lucretia, liattie, John and l-Vank, twins; 
Lucinda, Alartha, Sarah and Ethel. 

On October 6, 1909, Mr. Clark married, secondly, Sarah E. Small, a 
daughter of \\'illiam H. and .\iui i , San ford 1 Small, and to this union two 
children ha\'e been liorn, Robert and Walter, the forn'«r of vhoni died at 
the age of eighteen months. Airs. Sara.h E. 1 Sriial!)' Clark was jjorn in 
Barr township. Her parents are now deceascil. They were early settlers 
in Barr township, and were the ])arents of eleven children, Joseph, Reui)en, 
John, r.enj.imin, Virginia, Tabitha, Mary, I.ucretia, Helen, Sarah E. and 


iMr. Clark is a lucmljer of tlie Cliristian (.'luircli, while Mrs. Clark he- 
longs to the ISaptist church. Politically, Air. Clark is a Democrat and for 
years has Ijeen a potent factor in the political alfairs of Da\'iess countv. lie 
is a modest, unassuming man, although he has won more than ordinary 
success in life; first, ha\ing made a success in his life's vocation; secondly, 
having served the jieople of 1 );i\'iess county in a satisfactory manner, in at 
least two important oftices. llis integrity is heyond (piestion, and he is not 
only highly respectetl by the jieople of Daviess county, Ijut he is much admired 
for what he has been alole to accomiilish in life. 


There is no station in life higher than that of the nn'nistry of the Gos- 
pel; no life can do more dignified and uplifting than that which is devoted 
to the amelioration of the condition (if the human race; a life of sacrifice 
for the l)ettermeut of the brotherhood of man, one that is willing to cast 
asitle all earthly crowns anil huu'els of fame in order to follow in the foot- 
steps of the lowly Xazarene. ( )ne of those self-sacrificing, ardent, loyal 
and true sjjirits is the Rev. Charles II. P.uchanan, whose life forcefully 
illustrates what energy, integrity and a li.xed purpose can accomplish, when 
animated by noble aims and correct ideals. He has ever held the confidence- 
and esteem of the people among whom he labors, and his career may be 
jirofitably studied bv the amliitious youth, stantling at the parting of the 

Charles H. Uuchanan i^ a n.ative of St. John, province of Xew Bruns- 
wick. Canada, where he was born on Xovember 5, 1S75. the son of James 
and .Mar\' |. ((ia\') lUiclianaii. boih of whom were of luiglish descent. 
The father was born oil .November _7, 1S4-', in London. England, his 
father, |ames \V., h;iving been a native of Glasgow, Scotland, 
where he was engaged in the bookbinding business. James Uurhanan was 
cduc;ited in the pujiiic schools of his native citv and country and remained 
there until seventeen years of age, when he decided to leave I'.ngland for 
Can.ada. At the ag^ of twenty-three he eiUered the I'.nglish army, was duly 
assigned ;ind later became a sergeant, then was jiroinoted to the ranks of 
major and drill-master of St. John's Infantry. He remaine<l in the army 
service for a period of twenty-eight years and then establislu-d him-elf 
in the bookbinding business in St. bibn, Xew Brunswick, Canada, which 


he continued for twenty-three years and at the present time is \v<^rking at tliat 
trade. He was the founder anil organizer of wliat is known as the Scots 
^.-onipany of the bo)'s brigade, of St. John. His wife, Ahiry J. (iay, was 
horn on June 12, 184CS, in Souierside. ['rince J'ldward Island To their 
union were horn eight children named, m the order of their hirth, as fol- 
low: Cleorge A., horn on September 3, iSOiS, who married a Miss L'rofout 
and now li\es in Syracuse, .\ew York, where he is president tA a chenncal 
company; William J., .Vugust jS, 1870, who married Maud llanna, now 
li\ing in the city of ISrooklyn, .\ew ^'ork. where he is pastor of a I'ongre- 
gational church; Anna .Maud, June 10, 1N73, who married .\lfred lluckle, 
and died in September, 10(^4; Charles 11., the subject nf this re\ iew ; .Minnie 
1., December -'5, 1N77, who i^ now Mrs. I'jjward Smith, of Springfield, 
Massachusetts; I'di/.abeth day, .Ma}- 7, iNNo, who married l'erc\' W. Camp- 
bell and died in Jul\, ii/)7; .\giies I.., April 13, iSNj, who is the wife ui 
i'dbndge ilcnn, and \ictoria k., .Xugn^t J4, 1SX7, who marrieil Walter 
Spronl. The parents ol these children are h\ing in C_'auada and are active 
and de\out members ol the rresbylerian church in their home cit\-, where 
the)' eiijoN the liig'h regard and coiilidence ol all who know them. Their 
h\es ha\e been ideal ,uid and ha\e been marked by the utmost de\otioii i.. 
their children. 

( harles II. r.uch.nian receixed his earl\- education in the public schiiols 
of ."^t. (oliii, Xew lli'imsw ick, and Ined with his ]i:ireiits until about the 
age of uineleen. 1 )ui"iiig this time he was occupied \'<v the term of b\e 
)-ears as an a|)i)remicc in the tiusmithing and pliuubing trades, 1mt, has'ing 
decided that his \-ocation la\- iu auotlier line, he lell St. Ji4iii when twenty- 
one \ears of age and came to the United States. .i;oing to l,e.\iugton, 
Kentucky, where he became enrolled iu a I'.ilile CMlk-gc, where he remained 
during the \'ears 18(17, i,'~Ji|8 :\.nA iSom preparing himself l(ir the miiiisir\-. 
After Ills gi.uhiation, iu iNwci. he went to IJiioio. n,i\ icss county, Indiana, 
lia\ ing been assigned to the pastorate of the hirst (luislian church of 
that jilace, and on Jami;ir_\' jy of that _\'ear was married ti' liradie Lane. 
During the years i8i;i) and njuo he ser\ed as pastor for the church naiued, 
in lilnoro, and also took up work in connection with the I'irst ( hrisinni 
church in the town of Odon, this county, and lor lour years jireached iov 
both congregations. In the year \')i\] he organized a congregation in I'lain- 
\ille, this counlv, and kept this under his charge until nju. At the i)res- 
ent time Ue\erend Uuchanan divides his time between his congregation in 
I'dnoro. this countv, and the congregation of tiie Christian cluircli in Hous- 
ton, Jackson count}-, Indiana. ' 



Mrs. l!uclianan was horn mi SL-pkaiilicr 13. i8Sj, in ( )ikin, this counly, 
a danti;htcr of l)r, Allen K. i.anf, hy his ihini wife. iJcictur Lane was 
born on January 25, i('<43, in Washington county, Inihana, a son of Uicliard 
am! jane (Martin) Lane, who were nati\e.- of Tennessee and K'eninekv, 
horn in iSii and \Xiy, respeetix ely. ddiey were ni.arrird ahout the year 
iN.^j, shortly after whicii thev took up their residence ni tlie town of Mar- 
tinshurg. Waslunyton county, Indiana, where the fatiier lived until 1845 
and the mother until 1S7,:;. Mr--,'s father, Dr. Allen K. l.,ane, re- 
mained with his parents in earl\- youth ;ind received his ])rep;u-ator\- edu- 
cation in the puhhc ^chools. .\t the a.^e o| .seventeen he lie^:m the studv of 
medicine mider Dr. James Mcl'heeters in JM-ederickshur^L;, \\'ashin,L;ton countv, 
Indiana, and remained with this preceptor until the \ear 1805, when he he.i^an 
the practice ot medicine for him.-elf in I'ltts I'ouit, l\euluck\-, continuing; to 
practice there until the year iHi'n). when he removed to tins count\'. lie lir>t 
lot-;itcd m the \ni;n;c ol Uaijlesville, where he st.aved until 1876, in whicli \ear 
he moceil to f Idon, this county. Throui;h the alile teaching; of his friend. 
Doctor .Mcl'heeters, and li_\' constant studv and i-csearch. Doctor k;me, ac- 
(|uircd a lho|-oui;h pi'actical kuowledi^e of medicine; and. on .•icc(iuiit of his 
s\-mj)athetic niinisl rations, t^entle cousidcr.iiiou and line fell" iw- iceliiiL;' for 
the snlieriuL^s of humanit\', he ins]iiied coiilidencc and is held in the hii^hesl 
esteem li\- e\er\iinc who knows him. Doctor L.aiie retired from the active 
pr.actice ot medicine in ii^ii and now devotes con.siderahle lime lo his f.arm 
ot two hundred acres, situated near ( )don. 

Doctor k.ane has Iieen marrit-(| thri'e times. I lis first wife w:is .\n,L;ie 
(llenii. horn in I 844 ; m.arried m 18(1^; and died in li^j^. To tlial union were 
lioru three chililreii, ( hester .\., deceased ;it the a_L;e ( d' live vears ; Maude, 
who married John ')'. Scars, lo wliich union l(pur children have keen horn, 
D.dc, \'eiiia. Iloli.iit ,md I'.essie, .and lUanche. who married Ripple .Sears. 
|o vvliich union lluee children h.ive keen k. irn. I'.iul, I.ellie and .M.iri^arct. 
'I'lie second wife was .Marv J. Kelsev. korn 111 i85_^: married in i87t)and died 
in 1878. 'lo that union was korn one cluld. wko died in inf.ancv. 'Jke tkiid 
\vife, .Sarak Kelsev, ;i sister of tlie second wile, is tlie nioiher id kul one ckild, 
liradie, tke w ife of tke sukject of ikis review . 1 )oclor I .ane is a memker of tke 
("hristian church of ()don, and is a memher of the lnde]iendent ( )rder ol 
Odd I'cllows and tliv kVee and .\cce]ited M.asous. I 'crs. .nally, lie is kdd 
up kv eveiwoiie in tke community as exam]ile of ri^lit liviuj;, kis iKPiior.akle 
methods in all dc;dinL;s with his fellow men haviu;; won lor him the admira- 
tion of all, ;ind he is eminently deserving of the ki};k iiosition he liolds in 
this Community. ' 


Rev. Charles PI. JJuchaiian and wife, who make their lioiue with Doctor 
Lane, are the parents uf two cliiklren, Allen K., horn on March 9, 1908, and 
died on September 24, 19 13. The Rev. Charles 11. lUichanan is held in the 
highest regard thruiighunt the witle held covered by his nn'nislerial labors, 
and his tlevotion, as a worker in the eanse of his blaster, merits for him a 
place in any history tonching upon the li\es and deeds of those who have 
given the best of their powers and talents for the aid and betterment of 
mankind in this section of the state. To those who are familiar with his 
life there comes a feeling ui re\erence in the contem])Iation of his services 
and their benehcent results. His long labors in this community ha\e en- 
deared him to the hearts of everyone with whom he lias come in contact and 
he is, in the most significant sense, regartled as a true friend of humanity. 


The life of l^lmer E. Hastings has Ijeen for many years closely identi- 
fied with the history of Daviess county, Indiana. His life has been crowned 
with a degree of i)r<jfessional success attained by comparatively few of tln.ise 
who aspire t(_) eminence in the legal profession. Although a comparati\-ely 
young man, x'cars of conscientious work as a lawyer ha\-e brought with them 
not oiilv an increase of practice, but a liigher and more eminent standing 
in the estimation of his clients and fellow citizens. Mr. Hastings" life is an 
excellent example of what may be acccMn])lished by a young man endowed 
with common sense, energy and determination. He has achiex'ed a splendid 
reijutation bef(jre the bar, at an age when many are merely starting out on 
their life's work. He has always been methodical and unswervingly per- 
sistent in se.arib of essenti:ds. 

l\lmer E. Hastings, of the law firm of Hastings, .\llen iS: Hastings, 
Washington, Indiana, was born in llogaril township, Daxiess count}-, on 
March 4, 1870, a son of John A. and Laiu'a (Allen) Hastings, whose fanu'ly 
liistorv is CMUtained in the biographical sketch of Al. S. H.astings, a brother 
of I'^lmer I'',., presented elsewhere in this volume. 

I'.lincr 1'.. Ha.stings was reared on his father's farm in Px.g.'ird town- 
ship, and .attended the pulilic schools of this county and the Southern Indiaii.a 
Normal School at Mitchell, a-, well as the Central Normal School at Dan- 
\ille. Indian.i, being graduated from the latter school in 1891. While a 
student at the l)an\illc sc1io(j1, Mr. Hastings took the scieinific and liter.arv 


■courses. After graduatiun, he taught school; iu fact, he had taught several 
terms hefore leaving Danville. Two years later, he hegau the .study of law 
in the office of Ilastings & Allen. Mr. Hastings was admitted to the liar 
iu I1S92, and on January 1, 1894, he hecaiuc a meiulicr of the firm of 
Hastings, Allen & Hastings, which firm h;is cunlinued in husiness in Wash- 
ington since that time, a ]jeriod of nearly a quarter of a ccnturv. It is one 
of the oldest and well-established law firms of Washingtcm and enioys a 
large antl lucrative practice in the courts throughout this section of fudiana. 

Shortly after his adiuission to the liar, Ivlmer l'~. Hastings was luarried, 
Nowmlier 30, 1^93, to Ijerlha J. Garten, who was liorn in Madison town- 
ship, this county, the daughter of I'aiit. James H. and ?vlary E. (Booth) 
Garten, to which hap]iy union three children have been born, Ralph G., 
John S. and F.leanor \i. 

Caiit. James H. tiarten was a nati\-e of Indiana. ha\ ing been born in 
I.awreme county, but he grew to manhooil in Da\ies county. His wife 
was born in ( )hio and came to na\'iess coiint\' when ;i child. C';iptain Garten 
died on April 15, 11)14, at the age of se\ eiUy-se\'en. His wife had pre- 
ceded him to the gra\e in iSij_'. t'ai)t. James II. ( iarten was a si^ldier in 
the Union armv during the ('i\il W'.ir. lie enlisted .is a prnate and w .as 
mustered out <if the service as a ca|)lain. I le and his wife were the p.arents i>f 
two children, James IL and ilerlha J. 

I'dmer \i. Hastings is a Kepublican and served as eitv atli-irne\' of Wash- 
ington for two ye.'irs; deputy prosecuting attorney for four years and prose- 
cuting attorney for one term of two years. i\lr. Hastings was city chair- of the l\c]iublican coiumittee through four campaigns. He was presi- 
dent of the IJncoIn League of Indiana in loro ;md njii. ]\!r. and Mrs. 
Hastings .are luembers of the Methodist l{pi<copal church. He is one of 
the tru-tees of the chinch and i> jircsident of the r.rotherhood class. Tra- 
ternallw .Mr. H;istmgs is a member of ('h;irity Lodge Xo. 30. hVee and 
.Accepted .Masons; W.ashingtou Ghapler Xo. i)J. Royal .\rch Masons; Wash- 
ington ( "onuuandery No. 33, Knights 'rem]il;ir; Liwrpool I,eidge No. iio, 
lnde]iendeut Order of Odd Fellows, and W.ashingtou Lodge Xo. 933, He- 
nevolent and Protective Order of I-dks. He was grand master of the In- 
diana grand lodge of Independent Order of Odd Fellows in 1907. Mr. and 
Mrs. Hastings reside at 609 East Walnut street, \Vashington, Indiana. 

Elmer E. Ha.stings is one of the influential figures in the councils of 
his ]);irtv in the second Congressional district and has Iieen so for many 
years. Ly reason of his connection with the Lincoln League of Indiana, 


n.WlF.SS CmiNIY, inmiiaxa. 

he has the reputatinn which extends lieyniid the limits of the secuiid district. 
He is genial in (hspositinn and. Iiy training and temperament, is well e(|ni])- 
ped for the duties (if a i)nl)lic career. 

HON. i.xMi'-s rr^irrKR. 

Imliana has heen esp.eciall)' honored in the character and career of lier 
men of industry and piihlic .-er\ice. Jn ever\- section have heen found men 
horn to leadershi]) in the \-arions \ocation>; men who lia\e dominated he- 
caiise of their superior mtelhgence, natural endowment and force of char- 
acter. It is al\\a\s ])rohlahle to stud) the li\es ot such men, to weigh their 
motues and to hoM up their achie\ements as iiiceuti\es to greater acti\itv 
and higher excellence on the part of others. Ihese relleclious are suggested 
h)' the career ot one who has lorgeil his \\a\ to the tiout r;mks and who. 
hy a strong inherent force and marked husiness ahility, directed and ccni- 
trollcil h\- intelligence and judgment ( d' ;i high order, has heen recognized, 
for o\er a (|uarter of a ceiiturv, as one of the leading men cd" the state. Xo 
citizen in sontlierii Indiana has achie\'ed more houornhle mention or 
occupied a more conspicuous place in the piihlic e\'e than Senator fames 
I'orter, of Washington. Success js tiie result ot methodical and coiisecu- 
ti\e eiiileavor. Senator I'orter's success was .attained hy normal methods 
and me.ans — the determined a])plicalion of nieutal and ph\'sical resources 
along correctlv deliiied lines. I'o offer, in a work of this cliar.acter, an ade- 
(|uate resume cif the career o I this ni;m, wnuld he impossihlc; hut, with others 
of tliose who li;i\e ]iromoied the ci\ic, agricultural and progress 
of Da\'iess counl\- and this section o|, we ni,i\- well note the more 
salient points that lia\e marked his hti- an«l lahois |U is a prominent and 
inlliienlial factor in the pnhlic affairs of his county, as well as in the enter- 
prises with which he has heen connected; lia\ing gained success through 
legitim.ate ,iud worth}- means, he stands ;is an admirahle {y\K of the self- 
made ni;m. 

lames I'orter, state senator from this district, was horn in i\ee\e town- 
ship, I)a\iess county, Imliana, on .May 3. 1N45, son (jf James and .\nn 
(McCoy) I'orter, the former a nati\e of nhio, and the latter of X'irgiuia, 
who came to Daviess county in iS:;_' and honght a farm of one hundred and 
sixty .acres in l\ee\e township, which they cleareil and ini])ro\'ed and where 
thev reared their f.amilv. James I'orter was a man of enterprise and ])us!i 

i).\vii:ss corxTY, ixihama. 


and ])r(.is]icnjil tnnn the start, aililinj,^ to \h\< tann until he ownt-il ahDiit fi\e 
luindrt'd acres, lie died i >n the hiniie farm in jSijo, at the ajje of eit(hty- 
nine \-ears. llis wife had preeeiled him tn the L;ra\e, her death dcciirriiig' 
in 1S75, at the a.L;e "f si.\t_\--t\vij. I'.iith were memhers nf the l'resli\-terian 
clnu'ch. James Purler ser\'ed as justice uf the peace Reeve township 
fur a mmiher (if years, lie and his wife were the jiarents ni ten children, 
Knl)ert, (_'al\in, Jnhn and William, all deceased; James, the snhject id" this 
sketch; Steward, deceased; .Marion, (,f Oklalmma; I'di/.aheth, the wife ni 
Ju-eph 11. Watts, iif (irand \ie\\, Alahama; (jenri^e, of |-~,irl W(jrth, Texas. 
and Joseph, of F.nid, ( )klah(ima. 

The paternal ,L;ranil father of Senator I'orler was James Porter, Sr.. a 
n;iti\e of < )hio. lie ami his wile li\ed in Jefferson coimt\', C)hio, and died 
there well ad\anced in \'ears. The)' were f.armers and had li\e children, 
James, Joseph, Cahin, Plizaheth and .^lar.i^aret. 

James I'orter, the snhject of this sketch, was reared on his father's 
farm, lie attended the old-fashioned snhscription schools, in a loo- eahin 
with ])micheon door and a tire-place with cla\'-and-stick chinine\-, the teacher 
"Ijoardini; around." There were slahs tor sc-ats and the writini,' desk con- 
sisteil of a hoanl placed aloni; the wall and sn]iporled with wnoden pins. 
Mr. Porter lived at home until L;rowu. lie made his lirst mone\' In' hard 
l;il.or and considered himself fortunate if he receixed ntl\- cents for a dav's 
work, lie then took a lease on a piece id' limher land and cleared it uj), 
niakinj^- the rails with which to huild the fences, ;md continued to farm as he 
cleared the laml. llis lirst ]jm'chase was three hundred acres. (jf land on the 
east fork of White ri\er in Harrison town>hi]i, in partnership with two of 
hi- hriithers. They cleareil twn hundred and forty acres of this land and a 
few years later J.ames I'orter owned the whole ]ilace. lie li\'eil there some 
years and ,'idded to this f.arm unlil at one time he owned alioiu seven hun- 
dred and forl\ acres. Mis children were all horn in that neiL;hliorhi>od. hi 
March, iS.Si), he hou.i^hl a home in llie corporate limits .if ihe cit}' of Wash- 
in.t;ton, with six acres of land, which has heen his hoiue e\er since. In the 
meantime. Senator Porter has sold all his other lands. 

In iS'),i lames Porier enlisleil in l.'' 1\, ( )ne liundred and Seven- 
teenth Pe.i^iment, Indian,! X'olunteer Infantry, ami served aliout se\'cu 
months as a There were li\e hrothers in the I'orter family who 
went into the sei"\'ice and all li\ed to return home. I wo, ho\\e\-er, were 

( )n Octoher i, iSj-l, James Porter was m.arried to Jmliih l.eiuuion, the 
daughter of h.lij.'ih and Isahel ( Summerville I Lemniou. k'ive children were 


born to this iiniuii, one of whom (hcil in infancy, the (jthcrs Ijcing Eva, whu 
(Heil )oung; Artie antl Bessie, I.ioth at home, and L'lara, who married Robert 
I'orter, of Enid, Oklahcjma, and lias (jne dangliler, Thehna. 

]\]rs. Porter was liorn in DnCnis county, Indiana, and her parents, both 
of whom are now deceased, ;dso were natives of this slate. They were the 
parents of six children, nameh' : James, ileceased ; Clay llonston, deceased; 
Scott, Jndith and Jilizaljeth, the latter of whom is deceased. The paternal 
grandparents of Mrs. i'orter were Jacob ;uul (.Catherine Eennnon, both na- 
tives of Pennsylvania, the fi.irnier lieing of German descent. They had fonr 
children, Elijah, Jacob, James and Jndith. Jacol) Lemnmn, Sr., had been 
fi:irmerly married and h.'id iour children by that nnion, Juhn. J.)a\id, Abra- 
ham ami Susan. 

Mrs. I'orter is a member of the Presbyterian chiu'ch. ]\lr. I'orter be- 
longs to Charily Lodge X(.i. 30, b"ree and Acceiited Masons; Washington 
Chapter No. ijJ, Royal Arch Mason>. and Wa.^hinglon Coinmandery No. 
33. Knights Tem[)lar. Politically, he is a Rcimblican. He has served the 
people of Da\iess count)' as county commissioner and coumy councilman, 
and in t(ji4 was elected to the stale Senate oi Indirma, which oftice he did 
not seek. During the sessicm of 1915 of the Indiana (jencral Assembly, 
Senator I'orter was one of the leaders ui the Republican minority in the 


l'erse\'erance and sterling worth are almost always sure to win con- 
spicuous recognition in any localit}-. Prof, llamlet Allen has a rem;ni\able 
reci.iril ;is an educator. He ha> been teaching almo>t continuou'^ly for forty 
\ears and for more than twenl\- years has been pruK'i|ial of the \\'a^hulglo^. 
li\diana. hii^h school, jlis career alfords a splendid example of the success- 
ful self-made man, who is not only eminently deserving of the confidence re- 
posed in him bv the people of Washington and Daviess county, but who 
also ]jos.sesses the talent's and force fulness that have made him successful 
as an instructor and educator. He is a m;m of strong mental liber and has 
achieved a signal success in the educational world. Professor Allen has 
earned a signal success in the educational world. Professor Allen has earned 
high words of commendation from those competent to form a jiroper esti- 
mate of his worth, and his long tenure as jirincipal of the Washington 


]iigh schoLil is a distinct exidenLX- of the esteem in wliich lie is iield by tiie 
l)eoj)lc of this city. 

Prut. Hamlet Allen was l.iorn six miles northeast of Washingtun, In- 
diana, in \\a^hingt(ln tuwnshi]), Daviess count)-, on /Vugiisl 12, 184Q. sun 
of Johnson and Mary j. (Sanford) .\llen, the furnier a native of Wash- 
ington township and the latter (if Masun county, Kentnck)-, who were the 
])arents of four children, liamlet ; William, deceased: .\nna J., who married 
]\1. J. Mayes, a merchant of Washington, and is now deceased, and \'ir- 
ginia C, the widow of lienjamin h". .^trasser, n(j\v li\ing in l)en\er. Colu- 

Johnson .Allen was reared in Da\'iess county. Indi.ana, and became a 
sul)Stanti;il farmer, at one time ownmg a farm of two hundred ami eighty 
acres, which he improNed. lie lir^t cleared a farm of eiglu\' acres in Har- 
rison township and the three \dunger children were born in llarrison town- 
ship. Diu'ing the In^t twenty }ears ot his life he li\cd in \\'ashington, his 
death occiu'ring there in 1N07. at the age of se\enty-three. llis widow- 
lives with her son .-md is now eight\-fom" \ears old. Johnson Allen was 
brought uj) as an uld-sclh'ol I'reslixierian. but soon .'ifter his marri;ige he 
ami his wife united with the H.-iplist church. He was tuwnshi]) assessc'r at 
cme time ;md a man of considerable political iullueiice in the. cnuniy. He 
was a Demcjcrat and look an acti\-e part in the cnuncils nf his parl\-. 

I'rofessor Allen's ]3aternal grandparents were William and bdizabeth 
(luuls) .\llen. the foriuer a nati\e of Xew Jersey and the latter of Ohio, 
Thes- were pioneers in Daxiess county, coming here in Decemfier, 1816. 
William .\lleu was a shoemaker and f;u"mer and li\ed in Washington tow n- 
sfiip. He and his wife died mii the old homestead, she ;it the age id' about 
si.xty and he about seventy. .Mrs. William .\llen was the aunt (d C'apl. James 
!I. I'lads. wliM built the St. l.^iuis and I'.rouklyu biidgcs. Williaiu ami bdiza- 
belh li-^ads) .\llcn were the parents of twehe children. James (".. John. 
^\'illiam, Robert, Johnson. iMrm.-m, George. .Mary (;me, l-'.lijah U., Hannah 
A.. ]\roses and Melville W. 

William .Mien was the son id" Col. John and Rachel ( Wykoff I .Mien, 
nati\-es of .\'ew Jersey, who came to eastern Indiana jirior to iSio and 
settled in Dearborn county, (."oluiiel .Mien assisted in laying out the town 
of Harrison. ;uid came to D.'uiess comity in 1816, bringing with him his 
faniilv of hfteeii children. The first Presbyterian church organized in 
the \\diitewaler \allev was organized al his home in iSio. 


Tlie maternal grandparents of i^rofessor Allen were Hanilct and Ann 
(Clarkj Sanft>rd, natives of Orange euunty, \ irginia, who moved to Ken- 
tucky, settling in ]\lasun county, where all (jf iheir children were I'MH.. 
They came to Indiana in i\o\em])er, |S3_', and located two miles northeast 
of Washington, where they engaged in farming and where they reared 
their children. Hamlet Sanford was a carpenter, farmer and builder. He 
lived two nn'les nortlieast of Washington until July, i<'^4<j, when he dietl at a 
ripe old age. lie had formerly been luarried to a woman in \ irginia, wlv) 
died leaving two children, Lucinda and I'diza, wh<i. \vilh all of the children 
Ijy the secijnd marriage, came from Kentuck\' to Daviess count\-, Indiana. 
The second group uf children were Lucretia, Pierce, Reuhen, William, \ ir- 
ginia, John C, Tahitha .Ann, Alary |ane and i'dizaheth. 

The great-grandfather on I'rcd'essor Allen's side was Pierce 
Sanford. .\nn Cl.ark, who was Pndessor Allen's m;iternal grandmother, 
was tlie daugiiter of ^Villiam ("lark, whose wife's maitlen n;uiic also was 
Llark. This hrings the f;unil\- hack to ('larks nuamtain in \ irgini.a, where 
the original (.'larks held a valuable estate, which was linally settled only a 
few years ago. 

Prof. Hamlet Allen was reared on his father's farm in Washington 
townshi|), l)a\-iess county. He lirst attended the district sch')ols and later 
the graded schools of Washington. U]ion completing the C'lur^^c in the local 
schools, he entered JM-anklin College and from there went to the Indiana 
State University at lllooiuinglon. He began teaching in the country schools 
<if P)a\iess count)' in iSfih and received his college training subseciuently. 
In 1874 he organized the Washington high school and was the princi|),il of 
this school for li\e vears. lie then remo\c<l to the farm .and for a tiiue 
taught in the country schools, later taking up grade w orl< in the cil}' schools. 
Tn iS8() .and iS,S-, Professor .\llcn w;is depuly ]iosiinaster in the ^^'a^hington 
])ostolVice, and foui' years later .served ;i term as ilcpul\' clerk of the circuit 
court. In 1S04 he again was elected of the Washington high 
school, and served cotitinuouslv in that cajjacity .^ince that date. 

On Hecember jCi, 1878, Professor Allen was married to Rebecca Hyatt, 
daughter of and l-Icbecca (Read) Hyatt, to which union two chil- 
dren have been born, P.essie Read and Helen llyatt. P.essie luarrieil Stephen 
I'".. Alvers, a lawver in W.ashingion, a iiiograjihical sketch of whom is pre- 
sented elsewhere in this volume. 1 lelen married Dr. C. J. P.urris and they 
live with Professor .\llen. They have one child, Pdeauor Rebecca. 

Mrs. Allen died on Alay _'8. 1893, at the age of thirty-four. She 


was burn nn a farm adjuining the mirth t-dgc of W'abliingtun. Her father 
was Ixirii in Mason cuinity, Kentueky, and her nmther m Washington town- 
sliij), Daviess county. Tliey were the ])arents of fue ehilth'en. .Marv. George, 
Margaret, flelen and Rebecca. W'ilhani H}'att had lieen married twice, his 
llrst wife iia\'ing been Margaret Me('iure, of Knox county, near \ incennes, 
to which union there was born one son, Tiiomas. U'iHiam Hyatt was the 
son of Thom.'is Hvalt. wlio married .Xhirgaret .Mcb'erren. Tliey were na- 
ti\'es of Mar\lantl and came from Kentuckv to Da\'iess county in il^uj, 
setlhng on what is still known as the old Oyatt farm, at the edge of W'ash- 
ingtou. They were the ]iarents of seven children, Lucinda, Eliza, John, 
Elisha, ]\lary Ann, W'ilham and ^Margaret. .Mrs. .Allen's maternal grand- 
parents were Nathan and Mary ( \\'ea\ er ) ivead), the former of wlmm was 
a nati\'e of X'ermont and the latter of L)a\iess count\', Tiieir children were 
.Martha, (ienrge C, Sarah, .Miriam, Uichard X., Xath.aii 'i. and Rebecca. 
Mrs. .\llen was a member of the l!a])tist church, of which Professor .Allen 
is also a member, serving the congregation as a deacon and clerk of the church. 
I'rofessor .Allen is a Democrat but, with the exception of four years, 
diu'ing which time he was a member of the Washington cit\' cnuncil, he 
has never been especiallv acti\e in politics. ha\ing de\'oted his life and 
energies to the cause of education. 


Samuel lirown lloyd, editor n{ the I hilly and Jl\\-kl\' Democrat, at 
W'ashingtoii, this county, was burn in \<irk\ille, l>earbi)rn countw Indiana, 
.March 14, 1S3S, being a son of jnhn ;mil Elizabeth (.Miller) r.o\d. who 
were iiali\e> ol Ireland and ('bin. re>pecluelv. Ibc lamil\ ninnbered nine 
children, three of whom are Inuig, Mrs. John .'^. (inshorn, .Mrs. Mdlie 1!, 
Johnson and .Mr. Unyd, all of I )a\'irss county, Indiana. rhi_- jjarents are 

Air. I'loyd mo\ed from Dearbnrn county to DaN'iess county with iiis 
])arents in 1S71. li'ith ])arents died shortl\- after the remosal, the father 
in iN^r and the mother in 11^73. At the age of sexenieen .Mr. I'.mmI found 
himself eutireh' U])on his own re--i>m-ce-. lie wurked mu a larm in the >um- 
mer an<l went to the countr\' school-, in ihe winler until be succeeded in .--e- 
curiiig a license tn te.ach. lie ci'nt,inued at schiml work n ir leu \ears. teach- 
ing in country schools Uiv U<\\r ye;jrs ; of the nd.m M.-hoi)l fcir one 


year, in llie grammar school, Washington, one year and county sujierin- 
tcndent of schotils fuur years — 1883-87. In tlie meantime lie alteiulecl school 
two summers at Dan\ille, Indiana.. 

In 1885 he bought a third interest in the l\-iih>cral: in 1887 this was 
increased to (Hiedialf interest, and in connectirm with ."r^tephen I'.elding and 
V>. V. Strasser, respectively, he published the /'(;;7\' aihl H\'cL-l\ Ih-iiiocrat 
until 1891. \vhen he jiurchased iIk- entire plant. In HK)'^> he .sold a half inter- 
est in the plaiU to lleiiry llackes and the iHiblicatiun has Iteeii issued since then 
under thu lirm name uf lloyd & ISackes. 

Mr. lliiyd was married on Decemljer jtj, 1887, [n Miss Tillie Scudder, 
eldest daughter of the late Dr. John \. Scudder, of Washington, d'o this 
imion li\e children weic born, twc id' whom are dead and three are living — 
S;inniel, Jr., John .Scudder and Tolly UtUh, aged, res])ecti\ el)', Iwentv-two. 
nineteen and se\enleen. 

Mr. I'.oyd is a prominent member of the 1 )emocratic b^ Asso- 
ciation of Indian;!, in which he ser\Ld as president in r8()5 and was secre- 
tar_\- for sexeral years. He has been an Odd h'ellow since i88_> and is an 
anient member of the I'.piscopal church. lie scr\ ed as a trustee of the 
Sontlu-ru lndian;i hospital for the in>;ine during (io\ernor .Matthews' adnu'n- 
i>tratiou — i8()3-i)7; also on the city school Ixiard of \\'a>hingtijn. 

Cr.OKGF. W. n^'Kh 

S])ccilic mention is made of m.any of the wurthy citizens of Daviess 
counts' within the ])ages (jf this book, citixen> who ha\'e llgiux-d in the growth 
and de\'elopment of this favorcil locality, and w ho-e iuiere^t^ are identified 
widi ils e\ei'\' phase i<\ progres>; each comribuling. in hi> -phere o| action, 
to ihe well-being of the coninunuty in which he re^ides and to the ad\;mce- 
ment of its moral and legitimate growth, .\mong this ninnber i'- the geiule- 
m;m who^e name api)ears above, pecidiar interest attaching to the fact th.nt 
he has s])ent but a few years of his life within the borders of this comity. 

George \\'. Dyke was born on Xo\'ember 11, i87r), in Centerton. 
Morgan county, Indiana, the son of James and Sarah (Dyer) Dyke, the 
former born in 1840. in Mill .'springs, l\eiUucky; the latter born in 184-', in 
Morgan county, Indiana. James D\ke was the son of William Dyke, a na- 
tive of England, who emigrated lo this countr\- and first settled in the state 
of Mar\dand, where he and his fannlv remained for some time, then went 



Xo the state (if Kentucky, I'mni which ^tate they came tn liKhana, locating in 
Heiuhicks cnunls', later moviiiL;' to Mur^aii cnunly, whence the\' went to 
the state of Illinois where William Dyke dieil, after which liis wiilow re- 
turned to Morgan countw where ^he spent the rest of her life. Tiie maternal 
grandparents were (ienrge and Maria ( i\nssell ) D\er. George Dyer's 
father emigrated, in an early day, to Morgan county, Indi:ina, where he 
to(.ik up a grant uf land frr]m the gox'ernment, spending tiie rest oi his life 
there, lieorge Dyer died some years ago and his W'idow is living to tlie 
]jresent day. 

James D\ke was a hlacksmith hy trade and came from Kentucky to 
Indiana, locating at l'>rookl)n, Morgan coinUy, where he continued to work 
at his trade and reared a large family. He was somewhat active in politics 
and while disp(.ised to cast his \iite in an independent manner, )'et his leaning 
was towards the principles cd" the Kepuhlican party and lo it gave his sup- 
port, lie and his famil)' were memhers of the Methodist clnu'ch. 'I'o his 
union with Sarah l)\er were liorn the following children, named in the order 
of their liirth: George \\'., Angle, deceased; Josephine, Carl, lihenezer, 
deceased; an infant, deceased; Mary, deceased; Xorman and another infant, 

George W. Dyke li\-e<l with his parents and recei\ed his earl_\' educa- 
tion in the juiblic schools of Morgan cmnity, later acquiring a good working 
knowknlge of the hlacksmithing trade, which he followed for a ninnher of 
vears, after which he took up the study of mechanical and electrical engineer- 
ing. Having ac(iuired a splendid knowledge of these latter lines, he was 
appointed to the position of manager of the plant of the Central Union 
Telephone Company in the town of r>rooklyn, and continued as manager 
there imtil the company transferred him to Washington, this county, where 
he has heen located since 191.V During the year i<;i4 lie was appointed 
manager of the otlice "i the We-icrn Cniou I'elegraph I'onipany at Wash- 
ington, but on account of a statute opposing dual em]iloyment in public serv- 
ice coriiorations, he was prevented from holding the management of the two 
branch c<impanies, and had to give up the telegra]ib ])roject. 

(jn Octoljer 2J, ]><</). George \V. D\ke was married to l'>lie Dalton, 
a native of Orange county, Indian;i. ilaughter n\ S. W. Dalton, of I'.rooklyn, 
I\Iorgan county, and to their union h.'ive been born h\e children, name<l, in 
the order of their births, as follow: .\gnes, deceased; Gladys, Dons, (ie- 
neva, deceased, and George. 

Since being transferred to tiie (own of Washington, Mr. Dyke has taken 
an active in the i)romotion <.f all meritorious enterprises that tend to 


the welfare of the puljlic. I'ulilicall}', he has always ideiuilied himself with 
the Uepuhlicaii party and although not an as|iirant fur puhlic oftice, takes an 
aggressive and active part in political matters. Fraternally, he is a memher 
of the Knights of l'_\thias, the Order uf Ued Men, and is a thirty-second-de- 
gree memher of the Masonic order, going up through the York and the 
Scottish rite. Personally, Mr. Dyke is a man who. in all the relations of 
life, h;is heen ;in ad\iicate of wholesome living and cleanliness in pcjlitics as 
well; ami has e\er heen outspoken in his antipathy to wrong doing, whether 
hy the humlile citizen or hy the incuml)enl> cd' inlluenlial otifices. In every 
respect he has merited the esteem in which he is universally held, lor he is ;i 
man of public-spirit, intellectual attainments and exemplary character. 

ANDkl'W J. i;l 1)1)1. XGl'.R. 

It is the progressi\-e wide-awake man oi alfairs that makes the real 
liistor)' of a commiunt)'. liis inllueuce as a potential factor in the liod\' poli- 
tic is ditticult to estimate. 'J he examples such men furnish c.>f patient jjur- 
pose and sleaillasl nitegrity strongly illustrate what is in the ]iower of each 
to accomplish. And there is alw;i\s a lull measure (d satisfaction in ad- 
vertising, even in a casual wax. to their achie\ements in ad\ancing the inter- 
ests of their fellow men, ,'ind in giving strength and sulidil)' tn the insti- 
tutions which make Sd nnich for the pfMsperit}' uf the ciiminunit\-. Such a 
man is .Andrew J. liiddmger, a prominent real-estate dealer antl insurance 
agent at Washingtun, Indiana. .Mr. Iliddinger's husiness has natural!)- 
hroughl him in touch with the jmlilic .md ti'day he enjuNS an en\ia!)le repu- 
tation i'tv liiinest\' and scpiare dealing. Perhaps u.i class ni ])e(iple c-iutrihute 
more in tlie material progress of a community than th''-e persiin> who lin\ 
.and sell real e^lale. .\o class of husiness men coiUrilmte more to the im- 
proN'emeni of the communit}' than real estate dealers, (d" which ?ilr. I'.id- 
dingcr is .a leader in l);i\'iess couutN'. In e\ery res])ect he is a rejiresenta- 
li\e citizen uf W'ashingtdn ;ind ol I )a\'iess county. 

.Andrew J. IJiddinger was horn on Ko\-emher lo, 1^55. in llutler 
county, Ohio, (he son of Genrge W. and Caroline (llancoek) Ihddinger, 
the former a nati\e of rennsyl\;uiia. Imrn near (_'armicli:ieltown, and the 
latter a native of Drewershurg, rranklin county, Indiana. They were the 
])arents of six children, J(^hn \\'., id' Washington; Dehurali A., deceased, 
who was tlie wife of William F. Tranter; Solomon A., a farnier in Wash- 


ington to\vnshi|i; Mflinda, who died at the age of sixteen years; Anihxnv J.. 
of \\'asliinglon. and Ahnira, the wife of Iv. 1). C'leavei', oi \\'ashingt(_in. 

George W. Piidihuger -was reared in lUitler count}-, Ohio, where he 
owned and iniproxed a large farm. He M)ld uut there in 18O1, and came 
to tliis CI Hint)-, purchasing a farm in Washiiigt(.in township, where he ihed 
in 187-', at the age of fifty-eight _\-ears. His widnw (hed in 1875, ;it the 
age of tifty-iiue. He was a meml>er oi the Lutheran church and liis wife 
was a niemlier of the L'nited I'rethren chiu'cli. Tlie parents of George W. 
Bidthnger were h'rederick and Catherine (Hoover) I'lidihuger, nati\'es of 
I'ennsxlvania. and of ( ierman descent. riie\- were early settlers in Ohio, 
and their elde^l >on was a soldier in the War of 181 _•. and also a soldier in 
the Alexican War. h'rederick l.h'ddinger, the son of iM'ederick Lliddinger, 
was a soldier in the Patriot arm_\' during the Revolutionary War, and also 
ser\-ed during the War of 181 _>. later emigrating t<> Ohio, where he liecame 
a fanner in ISuller cmintw and died there, his wile dying in Hamilton 
county, Ohiii. The fnvmer died at the age of sevenly-^ix and the latter at 
the age nf eiL:ht\-fMm\ TlieN' had a family of ele\en children, heing; Jaculj. 
Sokinion, Michael. J.inalhan, James, Genrge, .\ndrew. hrederick, Mrs. 
Catherine C;mn, .Mr-. .Mary Wall and .Mrs. hdizahelh Cann. hrederick Hid- 
tlinger's parents were horn in (ierman\'. l-'i»llMwing his services in the 
Revolutionary War, I'rederick liiddinger cut a hickory cane from ;i tree in 
the war zone to serve as a staff on his long walk iK.iine. .\iidrew J. I'.id- 
dinger is now the possessor of this stout staff, a relic of the Rex'olutioii. which 
he prizes quite highly. 

The maternal gr.amlparents of Andrew J. Riddinger were John W. and 
Debt)rah ( St;ui>lierr\' ) Hancock, natives ui Maryland, the former of Eng- 
lish and the latter nf Germ;in descent. 'Idiey lived to rear a large family in 
iM-anklin countv, Indiana. John W. Hancock was a merchant ;ind al;0 
owned a farm i>\ live or six hundred acres, lie .^hipped a great (inantity ui 
produce liy wagon and operated a large number of huckster wagons. He 
died at the age of liftv and his wife at the ;ige of eighty-seven. Their chil- 
dren were i'liiux, I,lo\(l, Green, Ch.arles, Seneca, CaroliiK- and Julia .\mi. 

Antlrew J. llidi linger was reared on his father's farm in Washington 
townsliip. He attended the district sciiools and later I'ort Scott College at 
Fort Scott, Kansas. He then returned to Daviess county and began fann- 
ing, continuing in this vocation until 1880, when, for ;i time, he soM sewing 
machines. Since Xoveniber, 1880, he has been engaged in the insurance 
business, and for twenty years he als(i has been engaged in the real estate 

344 n.wiKss county, ixuiaxa. 

On April 5, 1894, Ainlrew J. Iliililinger was married, to Dora llcnry, a 
teacher in the \Va>liini^tc)n sclio^ls; daugliter (jf Isaiali and Xancv (Taylor) 
Henry. She died in 1004, and on October 28, 1906, Mr. l;!iddinL;er niarrietl, 
secondly, Kiith Waller, who was horn on a farm in Harr tuwnship, tlii.s 
C(jnnty, dani;hter tA Gecjrge and Lncretia (McDonald) Waller, natives of 
this cnnnty, and both of whom are now deceased, she being their .mly child. 
Mrs. IJiddinger's paternal grandfather was John Waller, who married Mary 
A. Goodwin. Their children were (Jeurge, William S., Edward lA, John 
j\I., Uiciiard, James, .\nna \\.. Alary and .Margaret. Mrs. Biddinger's great- 
grandparents were .Varon an<l Margaret ( .McCAilImigh ) Goodwin. 

Mr. and .Mrs. ni(l<linger are members of the CTinslian chtn-ch, in which 
Mr. Diddinger is ser\ing as a deacon. iM-aternally, he belongs U> I.iverp(.»>l 
Lodge Xo. I 10, Independent Order of C)(\A lA-llows. Politically, he is iden- 
tified with the fortnnes of the I'rohibitiim party, .\ndrew J. l;id<linger is 
highly re>pected in Daviess connty and has been forenKJsl in all worthy 
public enterprises. 


Washington, the metro])olis of Daviess county, has a uni(iue character 
in the person of Wdliam 11. Kiefer, the clerk of the Daviess county circuit 
C'jnrt and a man known throughout the cotnitry as a successful composer 
of band and orchestra music. .According to the Musical Mcssciu/cr, Mr. 
Kiefer is "a band organizer, instructor, director and cornetist." "iMther 
designation or title is (li^ti^ction enough for any one man to wear, if he 
bears it as well as .\lr. Kiefer." says the Musical Mcssciujcr. 'A\"e don't 
know which he ])refers, but we suspect that the public will call him com- 
poser, for he h;is cerlainl}- made himself popular wilh his compositions, and 
thousands arc inducticed through his writings, where hundreds are [lossiblv 
benelited b\' his du'ccting or cornet pla\'iug." 

William hi. Kiefer was born into a musical f;imil\' and inherited the 
musical spirit, absorbing musical notation ,aud rules wilh his alphaliet and 
arithmetic. Living in a musical atmosphere, be began as a child to pl.ay on 
everything he could get hold of th;it wnuld ]>roduce ;i m\isical somid. .\t 
ten years of age he pla\ed in a bo\'s' band that had been orgam'zed and 
instructed by an uncle, Joseph 1'. Kiefer. This uncle to(jk a sjiecial interest 
in him and instructed him pri\;ttely in the rudiments of music, teaching him 
\'iolin and cornet. William was an aijt |iupil and fully ajipreciated his uncle's 
interest. Mr. Kiefer attributes most of the credit for his musical attain- 



ments tu this good uncle ulio eiK-oiiragcil and directed him tUirinj; tlie 
tMrniative i;eri(i(l ot his career. The anihitinn to write a l)and or ijrcliestra 
])iece took hold of him at the rit;e of fifteen years and at tliat early ai^e he 
liegan work on a compositiein. It was a march and when ^mi^^hed was caMed, 
"Salute t(i \\"ashin,L;ton," which was ])layed hy his home hand and was well 
receiveil. Later .Mr. Kiefer he,!;an tC) [juhlisji hand and orchestra selections. 
Most i)f his selection.-, have heen |uihlished hy C. 1.. Barnhouse, of 0.~ka- 
loosa, Iowa, whom Mr. Kiefer met during a three-years' sojourn at Oskaloosa. 

William H. Kiefer, one id' the man)- stars in the firmament ai I lousier 
autlior.shi]), was li'im in this county on July _>_', 1S7J, a son id" (iusta\'e and 
Alary ( I'.eck ) Kiefer, ihe foriuer a native of riadeii, (lermany, and the latter 
a nati\e of Kno.x county, Indi.ana, who were the parents cd' eleven children, 
namely: William 11., the immediate suliject of this hio<,n-a])hical sketch; 
Kose, the wife of (ieorge I'ensenneau, of Ka-;l St. l.ouis, Illinois: Leonard, 
of Indianaijolis ; Carrie, the wife of Charles (lill, of \\'ashin,i^toii, Indiana; 
Gustave. of Indianapolis; Catherine, the wife of Charles Uant, of Indian- 
apolis; Lenjamin, of W'ashin.i^toii, Indian.a ; Mary, tlie wife of .\lfred Llel- 
hi.i^-, 1.1 \incennes: .\lherl, of \\'a>liin,L;ton, and two childien, L.mnia and 
Clarence, who died in infanc\'. 

Ciusta\-e Kiefer came to .\merica when ei.inht years old with his par- 
ents, who located on a farm in Duhois county, Indiana, where he ,t;rew- to 
manhood. He en^a^i^ed in the lumher and saw-mill husiiiess near Lrench 
Lick for a lew ye.ars and then moved to W'asliin^ton, where, for some years, 
he enga.i^cd in the manufacture of hricks. Suliseiiuently he enga.^ed in the 
hutcher husiness and afterward comhicted the (ierman Hotel, on West Main 
street, which hurned some years a!;o. He died in \')0]. at the at^e of sixty. 
His widow died in \[)\o, at the ai^e of t'lfty-nine. Thev were memhers of 
the (ierman Catholic chiircli. 

Ihe .giandiiarents of our suhjcel wi'ie .\iiton Kiefer and his 
wife Caroline. .\iUon Kiefer was a hrick-maker and died .at \\'ashiii,i,non 
at an old ;ii;e. lie and his wife were the p.arents id' five children, (iusta\e, 
Mary, Jose]>li, Lawrence and Ste]ilien. The maternal .grandfather of Will- 
iam H. Kiefer was William I'eck, a native of h'rance. He was a 
merchant in I'arkville, Indiana, and died there. William L.eck was twice 
married, .Mary and Christ heing the only children horn to the first union, 
and Rose and Nellie to the second union. 

William II. Kiefer lioin and reared in Washington, and attended 
tlie iJarochial and jiuhlic schools. Later he took a course in the Jasper 
Lusiness College. He served as a deputy in the county recorder's oi'tlce for 
two years and was city clerk for four years, from kjoj to 1906. Llpon 


retiriiii^- from this office lie enti-Tcil liie real estate liu--ine>s, in which he 
was engaged from 1907 t<> iiju. in wiiicli latter year he was elected clerk 
of the Daxiess circuit court ini the Democratic ticket. IMr. Kiefer is the 
leader df the Citizens hand and has served \ery acceptahl)- in this ca[)acity 
during the past twenty }ears. 

On Decemher 24, 1906, William H. Kiefer was married to Maud 
Helphinstine, ilanghter id" Jnhn and Mary (llvatt) 1 lel])lienstine, Id which 
union two sons, William R. and jdhn ('. ha\e heeii horn. 

Mrs. Kieter was luirn in Washingtdn, Indi.ana. ller parents, lidth of 
wIkjui were lidrn in this cdunly, are Udw li\ing at lOO jdlin street. Wash- 
ingtdn. ( M' their children. Mi's. Kiefer is the onh- dUe UdW li\ing. The 
paternal grandparents dl Mrs. Kiefer were William and .Maria ( .Vikman ) 
1 lelpheustine, ])idneers of l)a\ie>s Cdunt\-. d'he malernrd grandparents id 
Mrs. Kiefer were William and Kehecca .\nn (Read) I lyatt. who were the 
]iarents of the fdlldwing children : Mary, deorge. Margaret. Helen. Rehecca 
and Tlidmas. 

Mr. Kiefer is a niemher nf the Knights of (.'dlnmhus, the ReiHWuIent 
Priitective ( )riler df I'^lks, the iM-aternal Order df Ragles, the ^\'dddmen df 
the Wiirld and the Mudern Woddmen df America. Me and his sons are 
memhers id the C'.athdlic Church anil .Mrs. Kieter is a memher df the l'resli\'- 
terian church. 

.\s the M iisiciil M cssciu/cr sa\'s: "The man whu writes ])leasing music, 
music that hecomes popular, endears himself tn a great host of his fellows 
whom he ma\- ne\er ha\e the pleasure ot meeting persouall}'. Yet there is 
a sense ot comradc-hip felt h\' him with those who pla\- his music. The 
knowledge that comes to him of his music ])layeil in xarious sections of the 
country estahlishes a hond of fellowship lietween himself and these unknown 
friends, for a real friendship has heen estahlished. Wdien we i)la\- music 
ihal we like we want to know to whoui wr are uidelited lor it. We --eek 
the name ol the author and lindiug it we rememher it and liegin to form in 
imagination a ])ictnre ol him: that is, il no ])ictiu'e ot him is tnrnished us 
with his music." Thus is the name of William II. Kiefer known through- 
out the country. Mr. Kiefer makes himself useful musically wherever he 
may he. for years he has heen identified with, if nut the chief leader in, 
the musical perfrjrmances l.ty Idcal talent in and ahmtt Washing! nn, his 
home cit_\-, such as light operas, minstrel ])erfdi-uiances and the like, and 
is persiniall)- \ery |)opular. His latest march, "The S])ecialist," was ])ul)- 
lished in the Miisidil Mrsscii(/cr for Septemher, 1014. and had a \'ery 
large sale. 




The welfare of mir countr_\' ilepends in a threat uieaMire u])r]ii those men 
■\vho in an unassuniinL;" manner work .steaihl}' a\\a\- in their chosen lielil of 
en(le;ivor. anil who are \'et In'oad-minded men; ni^t Mind to the nee<ls of their 
coinnninit)-, nor to those thins^s that stand for real i)roi;ress. Daxiess county 
ha> reason to he prouil of tiie inan\- true men she has priMhiced who now are 
eni.;aL;cd in \ariotis lines of acti\ities, anionic whom is .Milton Simpson 
Mastin,t.;s. a well-known and snccessfnl lawyer of Washington. 

Mr. 1 lasling.s was horn in Howard township, Haxiess cotint\', Indiana, 
on A]iril _'3, iNo_', the son of John .Vrthnr and l.anretta (.Mien) I lastings, 
natives of Indiana, who had seven children, hnir of whom are living: Marv 
1^., wife of .\nilrew '\\ Mvers, of I 'lainville, Indiana; Milton S., of Wash- 
ington, Indiana; I'.aris .V.. of Washington; hdiner Iv, ol the lirm of I tast- 
ings, .\llen (.\; I lastings, and thi^ee children who dird yonng. 

John .\ithiir Hastings was reared in Lawrence and Daviess counties. 
Imliana, and was a teacher for mativ vcars. lie lived most oi the time in 
Ilogard townshi]), this conntv, where he also ran a taian. During the Latter 
|)arl of his life he was for several vears, a merchant at L'orneltsv ille, hnt 
teaching was his iJiancipal work, lie lived a lew vears iti Washington, lie 
•was admitted to the har in 1S57, hnt never practiced law. John .\. I lastings 
died in iSi>i, at the age of lifty-nine. His widow died in 1005, aged si.\ty- 
live. Thev were originallv memhers of the Christian church, hut later of the 
United llretliren clnu'ch. Mr. Hastings' father was a (juaker. 

The paternal gr.andparenls (jf Milton S. Hastings were Llowell and 
I'.dith ( l-ldwards ) Hastings, natives <,i North Carolina, and pioneer farmers 
ol Lawrence an<l Havicss comities. Howell Hastings also was a mechanic, 
heiiig verv hauilv with tools. He lived in what was then tdarkshurg, now 
('doll. Ill D.ivu'ss coiiiitw where he died in midille age. His widow survivdl 
him niaiiv vears anil moved to Leavenworth, Kansas, where she died at .an 
old age. Thev were the parents of si.\ children, William Ileiirv, Joshua 
Thomas, Zachariah .Simpson. Knfus, h'li/.aheth and (haiiotte. 

The maternal grandparents ot Mr. Hastings were lliram and Keziah 
(Cook) Allen, early settlers of Daviess county, fndirma. Hiram .Mien was 
a farmer and did some teaming from New Alhany and Louisville to Wash- 
ington. He died a voung His widow remarried and lived to an old 
age. Hiram .Mien and wife were the ]iarents of three children, Ltmretta, 
Milton L., and Mary L. 

M. S. Hastings was reared on his father's farm, attending the district 



1907. The firm oi Hastings, Allen & Hastings acts as alttirneys for the 
Peoples National Bank (jf \\'ashingtt)n and the Washington National Bank, 
and practices in all the conrts, hax'ing been called before the state supreme 
court in a large nuniher t>f cases, M. S. Hastings, allhongh a prominent 
and able lawyer, is (piite modest and unostentatious in his general demeanor. 
Freijuently he has been called upon to ])reside as judge of the circuit comets 
of Daviess ami adjoining counties, in special cases, and is generally known 
as Judge Hastings, but his retiring and modest (lis])osition makes him prefer 
to lea\e off the title, "judge'', and to be known simply as Air. IL'istings. Ik- 
is genial and kindh' in his attitude toward all and nu one is too humble to 
recei\-e hi^ attention and respectful consideration. 

While Mr. Hastings' ambition as a lawver is to contimie to grow and 
be eniinenth' successful, there is perhaps nothing that gi\es him more satis- 
faction ;mil enioxnient than teaidiing his splendiil llible class and looking 
after the interests of his family; his exem])lary liome life being a source of 
intinile gratification to them. M. S. Hastings is held in highest esteem by 
the citizens of A\'ashington for his integrity, his genuine Christian character 
and his real uKjral worth. 

IJ'.OXIDAS Sl'.XToX llOkU.XLl.. 

The suliject of this re\iew is a rei>resentati\'e farmer and stock grcjwer 
ol Washington township, Haviess countv, Indiana, who is known as one 
ot the alert, [jrogres^ive and successlnl agriculturists ot this favored section 
of the lloosicr state. In his laboi's he has not ])erniitted hini>elf to follow 
in the rut in a blind, apathetic \\a\-, but has studied and experimented and 
tiuis .secured the maxinunn returns from his enterprising efPirts; which he 
has so ordered his course at .all times as lo command the conlidence and 
regard of the [jcople of the coninunnty in which he lixes, being a man of 
lujiiorable business methods and aihocating wliate\er lends to ])roinote the 
public welfare in any wa\-. 

Leonidas Se.xton Horrall was Ixnai in this count\' on March iS, 1S71, 
the son of ICdwin Ray and lohanna ( .Mexander ) Horrall, both natives 
this Count}'. The paternal grandfather of Air. Horrall t'leaser llorrall, 
who arrived in \\'ashington in an earl\- (la\-, and conducteil a tannery on 
the site where the I'laltimore iK: ( )hio r;u'lroad sl.ation now is situated. In 
the early days he would haul leather to IA-ans',-ille, Jndiana. for the markets. 
He and his wife died in Washingtt.m. The maternal gramlparents of Mr. 


Horrall also were early settlers <jf this county, being farmers in \'eale 

Etlwin Ray Horrall, the lather (if lA-onidas S., \vas educated in the 
schools of Wasliington, where he grew to maturity, antl liegan life for him- 
self on a farm in Wale township, uperating one hundred and twenty acres 
i.if land which he nwned in 'I'oShum llullow. I,ater he purchased another 
farm on diie Innuh-ed and forty acres in the same township and mo\'ed to- 
it. In addition to his farming interests, Mr. llnrrall, in partnership with 
ilirani ilngshead, nwncil and ()perate<l the lh>t steam threshing machine 
south of \\'asliingt(jn, in this cuunty. Mr. Horrall also oiicraled a saw-mill 
in \ eale township, lie nio\ ed to t)klahoma, hut later returned to Da\iess 
county, locating (jn the farm where his son is now living, lie ser\'ed in 
the Union army during the Ci\il War as a memher of the h'orty-second 
Regiment Indiana \'olunteer Infantry. Ivlwin Kav and Johanna (Alex- 
ander) llorrall were the parents of eight children, L'\nthia Ann, DanieL 
C lea\'er, Alfred, I'.lizalieth, Carrie llelle, Leonid.a^ S., Lawrie Isatic and 
\'idetta, all of whom are still Ii\ing with the exception of Carrie Ilelle. 

heoiiidas S. 1 lorr;ill grew to manhood on his father's farm in X'eale 
township, recei\ ing his e<lucatio)i in the di.strict schools of his hi.ime town- 
ship, lie assistetl his father in the operation ot the honie farm and also- 
with his thresher-machine and saw-mill, and he lore his marri;tge had 
Ijought and paid lor lorly-se\en acres id" land. hi iSi)^ he engaged in 
farming on his own account, llis wile owned one hundred acres of land, 
and to this Mr. llorrall .added until they owned three hundred and ten acres 
of land in Harrison township. Later they .sold this farm and i)urchased 
one hundred and fort3--eight acres, where they now li\e, on the 1 'orters\dlle 
road, aliout one and nules out of Washington. The family 
mo\cd to this pl.ace in ion.4, and Xlr. llorrall now does a contracting 
husmess in coimection wUh his farming. 

In iiSo5 Mr. llorrall married .\una Wilson, who was horn and rearetl 
in Harrison townslhii, a daughter of William Wilson, a pioneer oi Harri- 
son township. William Wilson came from ()hio in an eaiiv il.ay, luaking 
the trip on foot, with ;ill his heloiigings in a small carpethag, which he car- 
ried, lie settled in Harrison townslii]), where he graduall\- .accumulated a 
com|)etency, and at the time of his death was the owner of eight hundred 
acres of land. lie was an inllueiitial citi/en in his da_\' and generation, 
fieing a man of sterling integril\- and of much streni;th of char;icter. 

To I.couidas S. and Anna (Wilson) llorrall ha\'c been horn six chil- 


dren, Steward Sextun, Kniicl I'.tlifl, Lil\' Jewel, (.ilenn Irene, i\uy and 
Nellie I.issie. The family are ;ill lu^'al and earnest members ol the Aletho- 
tlist JCpiscupal church, in whuse welfare the\' are aeli\ely interested, and 
to whose support they are liberal contriliutors. 

Mr. Ihirrall is a Uepiihlican, and for \car^ ha> taken an active part 
in the political affairs of his county. On January i, 1915, he assumed the 
duties of the ottice of county commissioner, to which office he had been 
elected in tlie prex'ious electinn. I le is a member of ihe Independent Order 
of C)dd h'ellows and also nf the encampment, and takes an active intere>t 
in the welfare of those fraternal ortjanizations. As a citizen Mr. Horrall 
stands hij;h in the esteem of hi^i fellnw nien, beinj; public-spiritetl ami ])r(i- 
gressive, and at all times willing; to lead his aid and inlluence in l.iehalf of 
enterprises for the material ad\ancemcut of his county, and for the intel- 
lectual, Social and moral goijd of the people. 


P.aris A. ITa>tinLis is a man, wlm, liy clip>e attentifn to business, has 
achie\'ed marked success and ha> ri^en to an himorable position anion^i; the 
leadini( men of the county with which his interests are identifie<l. It is a 
plain record rendered remarkable by no stranj^'e or mystericjus adventures; 
no wonderful ami lucl<\- accidents and no traL;ic situatii_)ns. Air. blastings 
is one of those estimable citizens whose inte<^ritv and [jersonalily must 
force them into an admirable distinctii in, which their modesty never seeks, 
lie is one (if that type nf men wIm conmiand the respect nf contemporaries 
ami posterity alike and lea\-e the inipressidii nf then' indi\idualil\' iqion the 
ai;e in which they b;i\e lived. 

Paris .\. llasiint^s, the cashier <if the I'e.iples National Hank, of Wash- 
ington, Indiana, burn in Hni^ard township, this cdinnw < in .\u^ust i_^, 
iSri5, the son of John .\. and Lauretta (.Mien) 1 l.-isiini^s. ihc former a 
nati\e nf Lawrence cminty anil the latter of l)a\iess count)', wlm were the 
parents of ei^lil children, fnnr nf wlmm L;rew lo maturity, .Marv, ilie wife 
of .\ndrew T. Myers, of l'lain\ille, lmli;m:i; Miltun S., a jnd-c, nf W.ish- 
in,L;lnn : I'aris .\., the Mibject ni this sketch, and L-lnicr L... ii\ W :ishinL;lnn. 

John .\. Hastings was reared in Lawrence ciMmly. Indiana, and was a 
schonl teacher for about twenty-live years. He later n])eraied ,a t^cneral 
slnre at rnrnettsville. l)a\iess cnnnlv. for a few \'ears. and died there in 


1891, at the age of hfty-nine. His wife survived him and died in Wash- 
ingtLin in Deceinljer, 1005, at tiie age of sixty-h\e years. In their early 
cla_\s tiiey lielnngetl to the Cln-istian churcii hut later united with the United 
lirethreu chureh. 

The paternal gi'amlparents of I'aris A. Hastings were Idowell and 
Judith ( h.dwards ) Ilastings, nati\es of Xurth Carolina, who were among 
the first settlers of Madison lowiiship, this eounty, where they owned coii- 
sideralile land in the (Jdoii neighliorhood. Howell Hastings died in middle 
life, aticr which hi^ wid(nv iiiii\ed to Kansas with her children and lu'ed 
at Wellington for a time. She died in Kansas, at an aihaneed age. They 
were the parents of >ix children, Henry H., who died mi his eighty-fifth 
birthda\-; Thomas, who died in the service of the Union army, during the 
C'i\il War; John A.. Zachariah S.. a (liri-tian minister; hdizalielh and 
Charlotte. 'I he maternal grandparenls of .Mr. lla-^llllgs were lliiam and 
Iveziah I ("ook ) .\llen, n:iti\es of Xorlh ("arolma and earl\ settlers in \'an 
laireii lowiiship. this county. Ilirain .Mleii died in iS.p), while slill a \-oung 
man. Hi.s widow married, secondly, William Wilson. I'.y the first mar- 
riage there were three children, ],auretla, Milton H. and Mary. lA the sec- 
ond marriage there were four children, (.ieorge, Keziah, John and Cordelia. 

I'aris A. Hastings was reare<l on his father's farm in IJogard t(jwn- 
shi]) and attended the district scIkjoIs and the Southern Indiana Xormal 
School at Muchell. l.aler he attended the Xortherii Indiana Xormal Scho(d 
al \"alparaiso and was graduated fr(jm the Central .\ormal (."ollege at iJan- 
ville. He taught school for two years, the la-^l _\ear at Cornettsville. He 
then served as deputx count\' auditor lor two \ears and linalh' went into the 
newspaper luisiness, for a numher of _\e;irs acting as husiiiess manager of 
the iriisluiii/ti'it (/"iiTiV/t', sul)sei|iientl_\- hecouiiiig the owner of that paiier, 
Continuing as sole owner until I'mi;, in which \ear the GacriU' w;is consoli- 
d.iled with the IL'i\il,l. .Mr. Il.i--iings w:is eonnecled with this hitter new<- 
jiaper until Jul\-. ioi-'. when he s.jM hi. interest to ( ". (',. Sefrit, and in 
Jainiar)-, K;!^, hecanie cashier of the I'eoijles Xalioiial I'aiik, of Washing- 
ton, a position he still occupies. 

In the cami)aign of 1902, Mr. Hastings was chairman of the i\e|)uli- 
lican coniily central committee, of Daviess county. He was elected to the 
Indiana Legislature al a special election that year, serving in the session of 
1903. He was a city treasurer of Washington for four _\-ears and was inter- 
ested, while in the iiews]iaper hnsiness, in mad huilding. He built more than 
one hundred miles of gra\el and rock road in Da\-iess count}-, in partner- 
sliip w ith M. H. Wilson. 

On August _'S, 1S91, Paris A. Hastings was married to Cora A. Hen- 


dricks, uf Hendricks cnunty, tlie daui^lucr of Miltun and AJnrv E. (Sparks) 
Hemlricks, lu which union six children liavc hccn Ijorn, Frank H., Mary, 
Laura, Cliarles, luhlh and J'auL l-Vank II. is a gracUiate of the Central 
Normal Collet^e and is nuw principal of the hiyh school at Arcadia, Indiana. 
Mary and Laura were .!j;radualed from the scientific course at Central Nor- 
mal College in 19 13 and are in school there now, taking the classical course. 
Mary taught t)ne term of school in T.arr township. Charles is a junior and 
Paul a freshman in the Washington high school, lulith died in infancy. 
During Laura's twelve \ears in school, .she never missed a day; ne\er missed 
a ses.-^ion of her Sunday school, nor was she tardy at either place in the 
entire twehe years. This is ;i remarkalile record. 

Mrs. Hastings was horn in Hendricks -c-ounty, Indiana, Decemher 5, 
1861. Her parents were natives of Indiana. Iler father died in KjoS at 
the age ot se\ enly-eight ami her mother is still living, ddiey were the ]iar- 
ents of si.\ children, Cora A., Myra jane, Orestes LL, \'ada. Lora and Crace. 

^Ir. and Mrs. Hastings and all of their children are members of the 
Christian church, the local congregation of which ]\Ir. Hastings is serving 
as an elder. He was su|ierintendent oi the llihle school for six \ears. He 
is a niemlier of Charily Lodge Xo. 30, l-'ree and .\ccepleil Masons; Wash- 
ington Chapter No. ijj. Royal Arch Ma.sons, and the Washington council, 
Royal and Select Masters. He and his wife are charter niemhers of Wash- 
ington Chapter No. Jio, Order of the Lastern Star. 

Because of his long experience in jmhlic and semi-official life, I'aris 
A. Hastings is well known in I)avie>s comity, and it is (.nily fair to say 
that he enjoys the uni|ualified esteem (jf the people of this county. He has 
made success of many ventures and. although still in middle life, has earned 
a competence which is his reward for hi-- toil an<l planning. 

el:mi':r euz.vx. 

The men of most inlluence in promoting the advancement of society 
and in giving character to the times in which they live are of two classes, 
students and men of action. Whether we are more indehteil for the improve- 
ment id the age to one class or the other is a question of honest difference 
in opinion. Neither class can he spared and hoth should he encouraged to 
occupy their respective s])heres of lahor an<l inlluence, ze.ilouslv and without 
mutual distrust. In the following paragraphs are hrieflv outlined the lead- 
' (-'3) 

354 D.wiKss ciirxTv, ixiuaxa. 

ing fads and cliarack'ristics in ihc career nf a gentleman who conil)ine.s in 
his niake-ni>, tlic ck-niL-nl.s (if tin- ^tnllcnt ami the encrtiv nf the [inbhe-spir- 
ited man of affairs, lihiier lliizan, akhuugli fornierlv a teacher in the iinl)hc 
schools of Daviess conntw has enjej_\e(l a sncces>fnl career in hiisinos and 
at present is the treasnrer-elect nf Daviess eianity. lie is nut iinknuwn to 
the wider educational circles nf the state and. in political alYairs, occnpies 
a prominent place in Daviess cunntv'. 

ICImer Knzan was hurn nn .May 13, \i>~[). in Washington township, 
Daviess county, Indiana, the son of AUjcrt and Sarah Adaline ( [ones) 
lUizan, liolh nati\es of this county, the former of whom was horn in I5arr 
tciwushi)), and the latter in Washington township. The parental grand- 
father of Mlmer Ihizan was John lUizan, an early settler of l)a\'iess count\', 
who died in this county, his wife dying in Kansas. John I'.nzan and wife 
h;id six children, .Maria, .Mhert, William (deceased), Lafa\etle (deceased), 
John and .Mattie .\. John I'lUzan ser\ ed as a soldier in the L'nion armv 
during the Ci\il War for almut three years. 'Idle maternal gr.andparents 
of Klmer iiuzan were Thomas and Lorraine ( ITeeland ) Jones, pioneers of 
this C(.iunty, who were the parents of five children, .Mary C, Jlosea, Mlijali, 
Theodore and I'dla. 'Jdieodore Jcmes, now deceased, was a ciie-time treas- 
urer of Daviess county. 

.Alhert lUizaii, the father of hdnier lluz;m, was formerlv a farmer and 
a coal jirospector. Though self-learned, his earl_\ educational o]>portuiiities 
having been limited, he is a well-inf<irmed man. lie and his wife, the latter 
of whom is now deceased, were the ])arents of four chililren, Theod(.ici;i (de- 
ceased), hdmer, Dertha S. and .Maria S. (deceased). .Mhert lUizan is a 
memher of the chinch, as was his wife, and their cliildren were 
reared in the faith of that church. 

l-.lmer I'.uzau was reared on ;i f;irm and was educated in the pulilic 
schoiTs ol Da\iess county, as well as in the Indiana State .\ormal School at 
1 erre Haute, where he spent more than three years. .Mr. Iiuzan hcgaii 
teaching when twenty-one years of age and was engaged in teaching until 
loll, when he was made deput\ county treasurer, hy a])poiutment, a posi- 
tion he held fi>r tWii _\ears, at the end of which time he was emploxed hv the 
I'rudential Insurance Companw In 1014 .Mr. Ihizan elected countv 
treasurer of Daviess county and will take office on Januarv 1, kmG. lie is 
a man who is well known throughout Daviess county and who has made a 
host of triends. ddie |)eople of Daviess county ha\e ahsdlule confidence 
in .Mr. lUizan, and he will he the last man to ahuse that confidence. 

On ( )ctol)er 17, lyo'j. ITnier Iiuzan nurrrieil to I'idn.a I'earl Dicke. 

DA\'Ii;SS Cill'NTV, INDl.WA. 


wlio was 1)1 .ni in TdpLka, Kansas, Sc|iteiiiln.T _'J. 1NS3. iIk- ilan-liler uf 
William II. ami (ilcinlnra ( 1 1 d^shcail ) iMcIa-, now residents oi Wa^hin^tun 
tdwnshi]), this enunty. Tn this nninn two ehihlreii liave heen hnrn, Kuhv 
Allierta, hurn nn l'"ehniai-y 1, i^ii, and Nurwond lioward, August 7, i<)i3. 
L'poii aflainint;- his niajcrity, -Mr. ISuzan identified liiinself with the 
Ivepnhlican party and for year> has heen acti\e in local cmuiiciIs ct that 
party, lie and his wife are meniher^ id' the Christian eluirch. 


The true measure of individual .success is determined hy the character 
of work in which mie has heen eni^a^ed. The measure of success is what 
one has acconi])lished. An enumeration of the li\ini; resiileiUs of Da\iess 
county, who ha\-e succeeded in \arious S]ihcrcs of endea\'or, and who at 
the same time are impressing; their iier^onalities on the citizenship nf this 
count}- — men who liaxe heen ci m feri-iui;- honor on the localities where they 
reside, WDuld he iucumplete were there failure lo make specilic mention ( d' 
Xathan h".. Killinn, proident i;f the hannerh iSank >>f I'lauuille, and one uf 
the most inlltiential citizens in that section of Da\iess count\. The splendid 
success wliicli has come to liim has heen tlie direct result of i;reat plusical 
and mental eiiert^y. Mr. Killi(jn has a mind capahle id' kayin.i;- judicious 
l)lans, and a will strong' enont^h to carr)- them into execution. Ills eneri;v, 
foresii^ht and perse\erance carr\- him forward to ;i |)o>ition in the front rank 
of the successful men ot this cniint\-. Nathan Killion has carried forward 
to successful completion wh,Uc\er he h;is undertaken. I lis husiness meth- 
("Is lia\e e\er heen in strict CMnfurmity with the ><lard ethics id" commer- 
cial life, lie h;is t.akeii an inlelliL;enl interest in the ci\ic life of the coni- 
mnnily and has eaiiied the hiL;h le^ard in which he is held 1)\ .dl who 
know him. 

Xathan I',. Killicni was horn mi .M.arch u, iS6j, in Steele township, 
Daviess county, Indiana, the si m nf .\lexander ami Jemimah ( (/a\-wood ) 
]\illion, the former of whom was horn on Xmemher <;, i8_'j, in Steele 
townshi]), Da\ iess ciiunt\', Indian.a, ami died on .\pril _'i, l<)<i,v leniimah 
(I'aywMMil) Killiiin hum "U June _'o, iSjcj, ami dieil on j;muary ('•, 
iSi)-'. She was the sei-ond wife of .Mexander Ixillinn, wlm was marrieil 
three times. 

'I'he Grandfather of X.athan h". Killion and the father of Alexander 


Killion was William Ivillion, a nati\e ijf Xijrlii Carnlina, who married 
Dicey Ballard, and \vh(;), alter their marriage, nioxed to Tennessee fur a 
year. While the Killinns were in Tennessee, (ine ui William I\illie)n's S(jns 
lra\eled to Indiana. lie wrute hack to his lather that he had tunnd a 
splenilid place in which tu h\e. \\'ilham Killiun, w 1 k- and familv then 
mo\'ed to Indiana. His children were Ale.xantkr, Allred, Da\itl. James, 
Sallie, l'.\a, William, I'.etsie, iMimk and Wiley. The lir^t wile ui Alex- 
ander Killiun was America lUncli, who I" ire him three children, DicL-y, 
John and Uachel. Alter her death Air. Killicni marrieil jemimah Ca_\'wuud, 
ami she hore him >i.\ children, Martha ]., William, Xathan, Albert, 
and Cora. Uijon the death of his second wife, Alexander Killion married 
j\larv M\ers, hnt ik.i children were horn to this last marriage. Alexander 
Killion was a farmer cd' great wealth and owneil lour ihoiisand acres of 
land in haviess connU, the most of which was in Steele township. 

J\l;m\' mteresting things are to he recorded in the lile history ol Alex- 
ander Killion. ]le started in life with a small farm, which his father had 
gi\en him. It was co\ered with limher and the only wa\' he was alile to 
secure the mone)- \\itli which to pa\- li\ing expenses was hy "working out" 
at twenty-live cents a day. Alexander Killion went hack to his father and 
asked the latter to take part of the farm hack and give him the money. 
Iinl the father refused to dci this. Alexander and his wife li\ed in a h(.illuw 
sycamore ti'ee for a time, and linalK- erected a log hut. .\tler man}' \'ears 
.Me.xander Ixillioii hecame \ery wealth)' and his life was continually iu 
danger of lliie\es and rohhcrs. who sought to get hold of his money. A 
letter w;is once thrown into his \aril demanding li\e thousand dollars ;it 
once, this nionev to he placed under ;i certain cnKert, de.ath heing the threat- 
ened penally for failure lo com]il\- with the terms of ilie letter. Xeithing 
e\'er came of the incident, howe\er. ( )n another occasion Alexander killion 
was held n]i ou his reinrn from W .ashinglon. Indi.ina, lau it happened th.U 
Wehh (. )s;den and his son, Xaihan, were nearhw one of them throwing a 
rock which fractured the skull of the rohher ami relieved Alexander from 
danger. It is said that this highw.avman was a man from Martin count}', 

Xathan l-".. Killion was eilucated at the Central Xormal (Jollege at 
]~)anville, Indirma, and was married on March 5, 1S85, to Cordeli Single- 
ton, daughter ni George and I.yda ( Kagsdale ) Singleton, who were Indiana 
fanners, (ieorge Singleton was a soldier in the L-niou army during the 
Civil War. To Nathan E. and Cordelia fSingletou) Killion three children 
have been born, Krnest E., Clarence !•'. and Ralph .\. He is cashier of the 


bank there and a biographical sketch of liini is presented elsewhere in this 
volume. Clarence is deceased. Ralph A. married Eiila Barnes, and they 
live in Steele tnwnship, this county. They have Uiree children, Kalph, Jr., 
Clarence and Mildred. Nathan Iv Killinn lived for twenty-one \ears on 
While river, on a bottom farm in Steele township, owinng sexen hundred 
acres of the richest soil in Steele Icnvnship and two hundred acres in Knox 
and Pike coimties, Indiana. Mr. Killion is president of the b'armers Bank 
of I'lainville, a positirm he ha^ occupied bince the establi.-.hmenl of that 
sound fmancial institution in 1907. lie also is a lar^e stockholder in the 
I'lainville Flouring Company, v>hich is one of the most up-to-tlate mills in' 
the state of Indiana. 

Mrs. Killion is a member of the Methodist Ei)iscopal church. Mr. 
Killion is a meml>er of the lndei>enilent Order of Odd h'ellows and both he 
and Mrs. Killion are memliers t>i the order of the Daughters of Kebekah. 

Xathan E. Killion is known throughout the length and breadth of 
Daviess county, and in fact throughout thi> section ai the .'^tate ; not only 
a^ a successful f;n'mer, but a> a succcN^ful banker, a man who is well- 
informed (jn all current, political and ci\ic ipie.-^tions and one whose advice 
and council is stniglit upon all ^ort,s of (piestion^. .Xaturally, he is a man 
^\ho enjoys the cunlidence and oteeiii of a large numljer of people. 

J.\Mb:S HAKVliY GAirrKN. 

The character of a connnunity is determined in a large measure I.iy 
the li\es of a conip.aratixely few u\ its members. If it.- moral -.[ud intel- 
lectual status be giiod, in a s.' way it is a pleasant place in which to 
icMde; it il- i-eputaliou as to the iulegru\- of its cui/ens has extended int<t 
other localities, it will be fcjund the stand.ard set b_\- the leailing men 
has been high and their inlluence such ;is to mold the characters and ^ha])e 
the ]i\'es (d those with whom the_\' mingle. In placing the late lames llar- 
\ey (iarten in the front ranks of such men justice is riiidered to .Mr. (iarten. 
Although a (|niet and una<sunn'ng man with no ambition for public ]iositii>u 
or leadershi]), he contributed nuicli tn the ni.alerial, ci\ic .and moral advance- 
ment ol his community, while bis .atlmir.ible (pialitie.- of liead and heart 
and the straight forw ,ird, upright course ^f his d;iil\' life, wou for him the 
e>teem and conl'idence of the circle in which he mo\ed. .Mlhoutih he is 


now .slccpiiiL;' tlie sleep of tlic just, liis inllueiKx- slill lives and his memory 
is rex'ered hy man)'. 

'iiie lale James liarv'e}' Garten was bijrn in Lawrenee connU', Indiana, 
near Sprinyville, on September 13, icS^j, ilie son of James and Lydia ( (Jray ) 
Garten, the former a n;iti\e of Lawrence eonniw wlio rame to this eonnty 
man_\' ye.ars ago and located permanenth- in .Madiscui townshi]), o\\nini;/a 
lari;e tarm, most ol which is now included within the limits eif the \illaj;e 
uf Odon. 

James ]]ar\ey Garten was llrsl married to Lncinda Sears. 'I'hey 
located on a farm ahoiit one mile from ( )don, and to their union was horn 
one child. Delight. Mr. (Garten was married, secondlw on .\la\' jj. 1894. 
to Mrs. Mary I'Heanor (l)unl.ip) IvMhr, of ( )hio, widow <.f Henry iSooih 
Kohr, ;ind to this union two chiklren were horn, Heilha Jane and James 

lame- J Iar\e\' (iarten was a farmer and stock ra'ser and \\'as \'ery suc-- 
cessful. lie was a soldier in the (nd War, and at > >ne lime w a- townshi]) 
trustee. Jle owned two hundred and forty acres of ihe lauvl in the home 
]ilace and .another farm in the ri\er hoUoms. Mr. G.arten died on .\iiril 
It, 1')I4. ;uid was widely mourned, for he was ■ >ne ot the best known men 
in thai pari of the county, for years h.axing taken a prominent pari in c. nn- 
nuuiit\- alf.airs. He a Republican and had seiA ed ln\ township a- trus- 
tee, lie was a member of the Grand .\rm\ po-i at ( )don. 

Ilenr\- I'xioth Kohr, the lir>t husband of .Mrs. (iarten, was born in 
Tuscarawas countx. ( )hio, in iS^). the son nf Janies .and Ka.chel il'.oi.ih) 
K.ihr, the former a native of ( )hio .and the l.atter ..f \ irginia. The Kohr^ 
were of ( lerman descent. Jonas \\'>hv and wife died in Ohio, where they 
were farmers. 

ilenrv 1'.. Kohr was educated in liu common -cliools of his home 
neighborhood and in a normal school. Uefore Ins marriage he came lo 
Indiana and located at Odon, where he lived for some years before the 
('i\il War. lie was .a teacher in Maviess county and followed this \oc<ation 
all his life, clerking in stores during \acalions. .\boul three years before 
his death he moved to Tennesr-ee in order to teach in a schoul 
ihere, bul aboul two weeks after bis arrival sicknes.- seized him and after 
a ))eriod of iiualidisin of about three )ears he died nu .March 4, i87<j. 

Henry I'.. Kohr was married in iS()3 to .Ma.ry Ideancir Dunla]), who 
was born on January 13. 1X43, in ( )hio, ihe daughter of Ray and Ruth 
(White) l)unla[., the former a nalixe of Ohio and the laller of N'irginia. 



Riiv nunlap was llie stm of James Dunla]). a native of Ohio, who hvcd ni 
t!ie \illai;c of Lecshur-. where he was closely coimeeted wiUi the public 
schools. Ruth White was the daui;htei- of Th.jmas White, native of \"ii-- 
ginia. who moved U> Ohio, wliere he was a farmer. Kay Dunlap ami Uuth 
White were married in Ohio, and in 1S56 settled at l-Jaglesville, this C(jimty, 
where Mr. IJunlap followed the trade of blacksmith. 1 [e later lived at 
\ari..ius places about the country, includint; l.o..-, .ntee. lie finally returned 
to Oddii ;uid operated a blacksmith shop there fnr many years. ]le was a 
soldier in the I'ivil W;ir and >er\ed as a drum majcr, but was di.scharged 
on account of ill health. He and his fannly were all members of the Meth- 
odist I'.piscopal church. The children of Kay and Kuth 1 )uidap were Dru- 
silla. -Mary Fdlen and Samuel. Samuel served as a substitute during the 
closing (lavs of the ( ivil War. 

Tu llenrv 1; and .Mary I' (DunlaiD Kohr were born chil- 
dren, namelv: Waller I'restMn, who married f-ela llar>hey and lives at 
('le\elaiid. Oliin, where he is empl.i\ed as a b. lokkeeiier ; I'.dgar U.ay, 
deceased, and Hella. who m.arried W.ilter Kredeu, "f Odon. this county. 
Mrs. (i.arleii is a member of the Metlmdi^t b'.pisc .i>al church a.t OdMii and 
t.akes ;m .active interest in all the g.iud wurks of the cnmmunily. She is a 
\\..nian of much fnrce of character .and is highly esteemed by all who 
know her. 

jiCRo.Mi'. i)b:.\io'rTb:, .m d. 

There is no class tn whom greater gratitmle is due from the world at 
large than to the scl l-sacrilicing. sympathelic, iiMble-miiided men whM>u lite 
work is the alleviatiMii of Miffering and the administering ol ciiin- 
f..ri I,. iIr- afihcieil. riiere is no .-tandard bv whidi their benelicent indu- 
eiice can be measured. Ilieir helplulness is hmiied only by the extent of 
their kn.iwledge and .skill, while their power goes hand in hand with the 
wonderful laws of nature and springs from the very snurce .d' hie itself. 
Some one has aptly said, "lie serves (iod best wh.. .serves humanity most." 
Among the ])hysici.ins and surgCMiis of Daviess county who ha\ e risen to 
eminence in tlieir chosen field of endeavor is Dr. J.ames IX'Motte, of 
Doctor DeMotte's career has been marked In' bnxid-miiuled and conscien- 
tious service in a sphere to which his life's energies lia\-e been devoted. His 
lirofound knowledge of his pndession has W..11 for him a leading place 


among the distinguished inechcal men of his da)- and generatiun in Daviess 

Jerome DeAIotte was l)(jrn in Pike county, Inchana. in 1869, tlie son 
of Albert and EHzaljeth (Andersini ) DeiMtjtte, llie former a nali\-e of I'ike 
county and tlie latter of Duliois county, Indiana. Albert DcAbjtte's parents 
were Lawrence and Phoebe ( llanta ) DeMotle, who came from Mercer 
Count}', Kentucky, and settleil on the farm where, twn generations later. 
Dr. jercjme ] )eMotte was burn, entering their land at the \'incennes land 
office on January 15, iSiS. Lawrence DeAlutte entered aU)ut two hundred 
acres of land, clearetl it and established a home in the wilderness, and there 
he spent the rest of his life, his death ncciirring in I1S7J. The father of 
Lawrence JXAIotte was John DeMutte, uf Alerccr ccunty, Kentucky, whi> 
lived and died in that cuunty. where he was a farmer. 'I"he family orig- 
inallv came fmm I'rance and settled in New |erse\- and from that stale 
Certain members <if the family mi)\cd in Kentuc!:\'. 

The maternal grandparents iti Doctor DeMotte were William and 
I'^lizabeth (Marris) Anderson, who came from Kentucky to Dubois county, 
hidiana, in 1816, and entered a tract of three hundred acres uf land. The 
home which they established in the wilderness is still in possession of the 
family, lioth William Anderson and his wife died upun this farm. LTi)oii 
coming frLun Kentucky to Indiana, W'illiam An<!erson dro\'e se\enty hogs 
through from Kentucky and these \\'erc the lame hogs in this section 
of the country. Tlie following winter was \'ery se\ere and bears killed all 
except five of the numl)er. 

Albert DeMotte receiveil onh' a verv limited education in the early 
schools of his (lay, it being necessary for liim to go through the woods 
three and four miles ti) school, lie was a f.armer all of his life on the old 
DeAIotte farm, which is still owned bv the f;nnilv. The children of Albert 
.■nul l''.h/a1ieth ( .\nderson ) I'eMotle were l\ll;i. Llar.a, I'.K is, Jerome .-ind 

Jerome De.Motte recei\ed a comuKin school edncatii'U .and in lN8() 
attended the Southern Indiana Normal School, now extinct, ;it .Mitchell, 
Jndi;ma. lie also was a student at the Princeton Xormal C'oUege in iSgo 
and iSoi ;uid w;is graduated from this institution in the latter }ear. Sub- 
secpientK' he taught scliool |or three vears .and then, in iSuJ. entered the 
L'ni\ersity of remaining there mitil 1803. lie then spent one 
year at the ( Jhio Medical College and was gr.adualnl with the degree of 
Doctor of Medicine. ] fe took- n]i the practice of medicine in i8</') at Odon 


and has hoen cnyat^cd C(imiinMn>ly in the practice i>l" his prufcssion there 
since tliat date, a pericd of ahmit twenty years. 

In i^[)[) Dr. Jerome DeAhitte was married to Olive \'est, uf Barr 
township, the (hmt;hler of A. J. \''est, a farmer of tli;il townsln'p. d\} this 
happy union tlu'ee children have heen horn, Kussell, I'auline and (/alvin, 
all ol wliom are lix'inj.; at home. 

i)(x'tor DeMotte is a memher of tiie Daviess (,"ounty Societv and the 
Indiana State Medical Association, and he and his family are memhers of 
the Christian church. Doctor DeMotte ha^ ac([uireil an enviahle standing; 
among the ])rnfessioii;il men of Da\ ie>s coiinlv. lie possesses, in the high- 
est degree, the conlidence <and re>pect of his p.atients, and enjos-s a large 
and dourishing practice in that section of Da\'ie,^s comity. 

h:Dr,Ak T. T.AUGI-flJN. 

Indiana has alw;i)'s heen distinguished for the high rank of her bench 
and liar. Perhaps nMiic of the newer state.-- can justly l)o;ist ol ahler jurists 
ur attornecs, man\' of whom ha\e heen men of national fame. 
those whose lives ha\e been passed <jn a quieter ])lane, there is scarcely a 
town or cit_\' in the state that cannot Imast of one fir more lawA'crs capable 
of crossing swords in fcirensic combat with mrmv <if the distinguished legal 
lights of the coiuUry. While the grcAvlh and dexelopment of the state in 
the last half cenlur_\' has been must marvelous, \'iewed from ;iny standpoint; 
}'et (jf no one class cd' her citizenship has she greater reason for just pride 
than her judges .ami altornews. In lulgar d". l.aughliu. a \velhkn(:iwn attor- 
nev of ( )don, Indiana, are found manv of the rare (|uah'lies which go to 
m.ike the successful lawyer and jurist, lie ]ii>s-'esses perhaps few of those 
brilliant, dazzling, meteoric (pialilies which sometimes ll.ash along the legal 
horizon, riseling the gaze and ]>lintling tlie \ision for tlie moment, then 
ilisappearing, le.ix'iug little or no tr.ace behind: but rather those solid 
and more substantial <|n,alities which shine with CiiUslani lusler, shedding 
light in llie d.irk pl.ices with steadiness an<l continuitx-. 

lulgar T. I.;mghlin was born at ( )don. Indiana, on December S, 1S75, 
the son of Joseph D. and h.akie j. ( 1 .edgerw (h id ) l.aughliu, .and u;i- edu- 
cated in the ( )don public schools, spending ,a short time, in the years 
iNS(')-8j-, in the Washington ])ublic schools. His father was county ])riise- 
cuting alloruev a part of this time, ^'olnlg l.aughliu to.ik the hiiuors of 


the ciiuiUy in the cii^luh-gradL- exainiiiatinn in the )c-ar iSij^, anil was grad- 
uated from the Oddii high schcml in lN<)5. lie sliidied law in his father's 
■oftice and was admitted tu the J-)a\iess county har at ihe age ol twenl\-one 
)cars. lie i)racticed under his father fur tlu'ee 3-ears, or imtil the elder 
Latiglilin retired in June, lyio, since which time lulgar T. Langhlin has 
contlucted an in(li\ idual law practice with his (jtlice ami residence at (Jdou. 
In 11)04 he was elected [iru^ecuting attorney l^r this count}', ;uid was 
re-elected in icjo(j, ser\'ing from January. 11)05. I" J''muary, igoi). lie has 
taken an acti\c prirt in connnunit\- all .airs and is ;i sn)ckiujlder in the I'irst 
Xatinnal Hank uf tJdon and in the l-'armers' I'.ank of ()diin. ;is well as in 
the I'arniers' llank of St. Hernice. ' 

( )n Septemher v^, igoj. I'.dgar T. ].,-mghlin was married to l'"l\a I'earl 
O'Dell. daughter of John W. O'Dell. and tii this union tW(j children. Cleta 
i). and Xora I'.lanche. ha\e hecn Imrn. 

.Mr. Langhlin has heeii for s< mie time cit\- attorne\' of ( )don. He alsn 
is the atlornec for the trustees of Van lluren .and .\l;i<lisirn t(iv\ii^lu|is. r\lr. 
Langhlin .and fami!\- are nunihers of the Methoili^i I'.piscupal church. I le 
is a memher i.f the Independent < )riler of I )i\t\ I'ellows and the Impmved 
(h-der ..1 Ke.l .Men. 

I'.dgar T. I.anghlin's father. Juseph Hnnn f.aughlin, horn in M;irtin 
cotnitv, I'ehruary i. 1X.-I5. the si .n uf jdhii ( ). .\l. and Llizalieth 
( Ciiege ) Langhlin. the fnrmer a n.ative of Kentucky and the latter a native 
of 'reiiiiessee. [uhn ' ). M. Limghlin wri-^ the son of John K'ich.ard and 
Sar.ah (fiihs) Langhlin, the fMrmer ,1 n:tti\e of X'irginia and the Latter of 
Keiituckv-. |iihn Kirhard Langhlin. a soldier in the W'.ar of iSij, eniigr.ated 
from \'irginia to Kentucky, and there was married. In iSiS he niuved 
to Lawi'ence count}-, Indiana, pmchasing land near I'.edlord. Incidentall}- 
he was engaged in the manufacture of -;ili, h, lilmg d^w n the w.ater frum 
.■ne of the numerous salt springs thereal'Mul-- \fter a lime he larm- 
ing and he :nid his neighhors were aceustomed t.i ll Ine >tiick and nier- 
cli.audise on rafts to New Crleans. In iN^j he made a tiip lo Xew Orleans 
and w.alked hack to .Mem])his, where he and his iiartner died (d' cholera. 

Mrs. I'di/aheih ((leiger) Langhlin, the wife of Jnhn ( >. M. Langhlin. 
was the daughter <if a soldier (jf the War of iSi_'. who married a Tlender- 
.son and emigrated from Tennessee to Lawrence county, fndian.a. where 
he entered lanrl near Ledford. 'jdn-ee sons of this f.imily, Isaiah, (icorge 
and Wilev, were .soldiers in the ("i\il War. Tliough John O. .M. Langhlin 
had very little education, he having attended schotil altogether ahont three 


niontlis, he lK•\•crthck■^s l)ccanK' wrll informed. J Ic was a ])reaclu'r in 
the thurch of liml ami also a fanner. IJe entered kind in Martin eonnly 
and accunuilated alto-ether a hniidred and si\ty .teres, lie and his wife 
died in Martin connty ni 181)5. They had li\ed in .Mor^^'an ronnty for some 
time, prohahly for live or six years. They were the parents i:i ten elnldren, 
namely: (ieorj;e, who died in mlaney: Sarah 1'.; .Matilda k. ; John 1 )., 
who ^er\ed in kompanv 1!, Twenty-seventh Ue^inienl, Indiana X'olnnteer 
Infantry, li\ed nnlil mjoo; Joseph 1)., who also ser\ ed the same eonipany ; 
Merinda C, L'lvsses (J., Knfus J., Minerva 1".. and Ausman A. 

An nnele of Joseph D. kan-hlin, Joseph C. kan-hlin, had three sons 
in C'onipanv 1'., Twent\-se\ entli Ke-iment, Indiana \olnnteer Inlantry. 
They were James k.. John R. ,ind Josei)h 11. lame-^ I'., was wounded at 
Ihiektoii Station and :it .\ntietam. km snrvi\ed the war. John U. was 
wounded at Aiuietam an<l some years after the war died of his wounds. 

loseph I). kani;hliii was educated in the eoiuniou seho. ,k ol .M.arlui 
couiilx and at the l)o\er Hill .\ead,eniy and /.iou Seminary at /.ioii. llhuoiv. 
He lan-hl school alto-ether ei.^ht years, the last year at Odou, Indiana. 
After i|uittiu- the teacliini( ]>rofe-iou he ke,L;an praclicii.- law at ( )dou. 
and, with the exeepliou of the time he was pro.eenl in- attorney of Davies- 
o.nutw has lived at ( )don. He ua- pn-eenn.r from .\o\emher, 1 SSo. to 
X(/\emher, 1 SS,S. He practiee<l twenty-six year-, retiriiiL;- m |t;()o. 

( )n ( )ctoker 2(>. 1S73, Joseph D. kau.t^hlin was m.irried to k.ikie Jane 
ked-erwood, who lua-n in ( u'eene county, this state, the ilau-luer of 
Charles and .\ 1 ( hamhers ) ked-erwo,.,!. I.oth n.atives of Tennessee. 
Charles ked-erwood was the sou of Joseph and Mar-aret ( Hayes 1 I.ed-er- 
wood, natives of Tennessee, who .settled near Sctland, ( .reeue county, this 
state, durin- pioneer- times, heiu^ amou- the lirst -ettlers there. J.^seph 

|.,.,|oe,u I was killetl I ly a lallui- iree. and his widow died al the home 

„i I'ler s,,u, t harles 1 .ed-erwo, ,d, m the eastern part of .Madison township, 
this county, at the a-e td" ninetv-lhree years. .Mrs. kau-hlin's maternal 
grand] Kireiits were Thomas and kakie Janes I hamkers. h,.th natives of Ten- 
nessee, who died near Jelico, that state, the former at the a-e of one hmi- 
dred and I'our years. Thomas khamhers owned h\e or six hundred acres 
(d" laiKl and ninety .slaves. He w:ts a k'niou man and freed his slaves at 
the he-inning of the war. Charles ked-erwo-.d m.trried in Tennessee and 
came U, Indiana ak,.ul 1831, loe.atin- in Creeue eouutv. where he owned 
consklerahle land. .Mumt 1855 he removed to .Madis,.n township, this 
conntv. where his wife died akout 1804 and he died two years later. They 


were tlie parents of eleven chiklren, as fullow : Eliza Jane, Margaret,. 
Thomas, Barbara, Elizabeth, James, William, Amanda, Charles, Lakie Jane 
and AliUon. James Ledgerwood, wIkj lixed until ii;io, ser\etl in Company 
C, Ninety-tirst Indiana \'«ilunteer Infantry, during- the Civil War. 

b'leven children were burn to Joseph 1). and I.akie J. ( Ledgerwood ) 
Laughlin, as follow: Laura, lidgar T., Lily, Maude, llertha, Oliver IJ., 
I'^lizabeth, Jane, Nellie, Ci>ra and Daisy Eay. Joseph D. Laughlin and 
family are memliers of the Methodist l^jiscnpal church, and he is a niemlier 
of J. W. Thornburg Post No. 474, Grand .\rmy ni the l\e])ul>lic, at, 
Lidiana. Mr. Laughlin is the wlm olitained the construcliDii of the 
railroad into Odon. It was through his efforts th;it the name of Clark.sburg 
was changed to Odon. 


Among the men of sterling W(]rlh and strengtii of character who cre- 
ated a profound impression on the communal life of this localitv, no one 
achieved a larger meed of popular respect than the Late Hiram Hyatt. His 
life-long residence in one locaIit\ ga\e the peo]i]e an (ipportunitv to know 
him in every pha>e of his character. That he was true to life in its every 
ph;L>c is manifest by the esteem and reg.ard in which he held during his 
life and the reaped that is paid to his memory, lie won success b\- his own 
honest endeavor and indomitable energy, lie ]ilaceil him.self in the front 
r;mk of the enterprising cilizen^ of l)a\iess county by exercising these 
excellent ipialities. 1 k- oiit.sirippi'd the less ;icti\e ploilders on die highwav 
ol liU' and achieved a marked success. His i.-, ,1 name that all men who 
remcmlier him delight to h'.iior llecau-^e of ||i^ u]>ri'^ht life and whi'lc-oine 

Hiram Hyatt was born on June o, 1847, •'"'' 'l''-''' "" I'ebruary 16, 
iSi/i. He was a son of bdisha Hyatt, Sr., a large landowner of Daviess 
county. Hiram fly.alt was educated in the common schools ,,{ D.aviess 
counl\-, and when a \oung man entered a bank in Washington. f.ater he 
became a grain merchant, and looked after his father's estate. He was ritv 
treasurer ol Wasbiiigtou for a number of years and prominent in the Coun- 
cils ol the Kcpnblican p;irt\ in D.ixiess countw He was a prominent mem- 
ber ol the .\l;isonic fralernit\ and was a Knight Teni]ilar, beini; past emi- 
nent commander at the time of his death. .\t the a-e of eighteen he became 
a deacon in the I 'iJe-byterian church and served throughout his h fe in that 


■capacit\'. lie was alscj a i;reat Sunday schi">l wnrkcr ami (.•\ery Sumlax' was 
to be fouiul in his accustuincd [ilacc in ihc Sunday schonl. 

The late lliram ilyatt was married on l'el>rnary ii, 1S73, lo lunnia 
B. \'an Trees, the daughter of Colmiel \'an 'I'rees. and [<< tin's ha]}]iy iniion 
two children were hurn: William A., a well-l<nii\\n real estate dealer of 
AVasliinglon. Indiana, and Ilarr\- \ ., a manutaeturer nf Chicago, Illinnis. 

Col. John \'an Trees, the father id" Mrs. Ilyatt, was l.>orn on Septem- 
ber 4, 1N04, on llie Little Miami ri\iT, near (Cincinnati, Ohio, a snn of 
Emanuel and Julia (.Storms) \'an Trees, hananuel \';ui Trees was a nati\e 
of Penns\l\'ania, and his father was a nati\e nf I leidelliurg, (ierman_\-. 
Emanuel \ an Trees came to Daxiess tount}- in iSk^ and helped la}- out the 
town of Washington. He had conie west, h(iwe\'er, about nine years ])revi- 
ously. lie died in a log house that stood on \\hat is now the corner of 
h'ast Sixth and Main streets, in the county seat, lie was tlie lirst clerk of 
the court in Da\'iess county, and was succeeded in that office Ijy his son, 
Col. bihn \ an Trees, at the time nt his death. 

Cnl. Jdhn \'aii Trees was educated in the pinneer schools of Daviess 
comit}-, but was alnmst wholly seif-educaled. lie .stocd high in the educa- 
tional affairs of l)a\iess c<)iuity in his ilay and generation. lie wa- a thor- 
ougit master id' the (ierm.ui l.ingu.age, a> this language was s])Mken in his 
hi line. After retiring from the office of count}' clerk he became a merchant, 
and fur m,in}- \-ears was engaged in the mercantile business, lie died on 
Januar}- iN, t<Si;5, at the ad\-anced age of ninety }-ears. Cul. John \'an 
Trees erected a tine house in the cnlonial st}le in the place of the log house 
which his father had built, and li\-eil there the rest of his life, this liouse still 
being owned b}' the famil}-. b'.arh' in life Colonel \'an Trees was a ^\'hig, 
but later became a Republican, and was mice a candidate lur state treasurer. 
Ciilunel \'an Trees had twn sous. Charles R. and llenr}' ]'.., who parlici- 
paled in the l'i\il War. I lis f:uiiil\- ciiisistcd nf li\e -mis and fue daugh- 
ters, all of whmii lived tn reach middle age. d'hree smis and three datigh- 
ters are still li\ing, nameh' : Jnhn, u\ St. Eouis, Missnuri; llenr}- E., a 
resident of Californi,-i ; William E, id' Washiugtmi; Mr-. Helen S. Scudder, 
of Wasiiington ; Eida, living on the nld hmne pl;ice, and Mrs. bjnm;i R. 
Hyatt, the widow of Tliram Ilyatt. 

Col. John \"an Trees was married in May, iS_v^- t'> Eaura G. I'reiitiss. 
wlio was linrn in I^e.xington, Kentucky, a d;mghter of Thmnas Green and 
Laura G. (I'nrter) Prentiss, iiatives of Rml.-uid. \'ermont. w-ho settled in 
Lexington, Kentuckv, and built the wi">len mills in that Inwn. Subse- 
■quently they came to the banks of the White river, in thi< ji'ounty, ;uiil there, 


n.wiiiss riiuxTY, ixkiaxa, 

with ccriain miIkt X\-\v l'Ji,L;l;incI -ettlcr>, L•^tal)Ii■^lK■ll a idwn, which has- 
iii,\\ vaiii-hcil. .Mi>. luimia II. Il\atl i> a docendaiu nf t'apl. 1 'ren- 
tier, a l\c\Mhitiiinary Sdlihcr wIki rhanL;ecl the .NpcUiiii;- of ihe iiaine frum 
I'vcntice Ui I'rcntis.s. 


'I'hL- carLcr of Gc-nrm.' Godwin, head nf ihc lirni uf (icorge Godwin iV 
Son, contains no exciting cliapter of tragic e\ents, hut is replete with well- 
delined jmrposes which, carried tu snccessfnl issne, ha\e unn for hint an 
inllneniial phice in the hnsiness circles of Washington and IJ^aviess couni\'. 
as well as high personal standing among his fellow citizens. His life work 
lias heen on of unceasing industry and ])erse\-eran'ce. The ssstematic and 
hoiioralile methods which he has ever followed haw resulted not only in 
winning the confidence ot those with whom he has had dealings, hnl also in 
hnilding nj) a large and prolitahle Inisiness in the sale of drv goods and 

(icorge ('io<lwin was horn in l\ee\-e townslii|), Daxiess count''., Indiana, 
on May 5. iNdj, a son of Ivlward and Mother ( .Mien 1 Godwin, the former 
a native of Maryland, and the latter of Indiana, who were the ]iareiUs of 
ti\-e children: .\lfred M., deceased; lunma Jane, deceased, who was the 
wife of Keuhen .\. I'erkins: George, of Washington, this count\": lesse, of 
Mitchell, Indiana, and Martha, the wife of James Iv. (iillew of Washington. 

h.dward fiodwin c.une to Indi.ana with his parein^ in iS.^l. rhe\- set- 
tled in I'.arr township, this county, and soon afterward ino\-ed to Knox 
county, near lulwardsport ; hut hefore the hreaking out id" the Cixil W'ar 
they retiu'ued to |)a\'ii.'ss conntx'. and here h'dw.ird GMilwiu grew to man- 
h'lod and hecame a suhstantird farmer, lie first i)m'ch;isrd ;i claim of f.irtv 
acres and added to it inilil at one lime he owned ahout two hundreil and 
loity acres ol land in Ree\e township, dhei'e he reareil his famih', and 
there he died at the age of se\-ent\ -three \ears. Ills widow still sur\i\es and 
now Ih'es with her daughter, Mrs. Alartha Gilkw. I'otli were memliers of 
the (dirisiian church, in which Mr. Godwin was ;ui elder for more than 
fort\' \ears. _ 

'i he paternal grandfather of Geiirge Godwin was Jesse Godwin, who 
married in Greenwood and came from I.i\eri)oo|, hjigland, to the Gnited 
States, settling first in Maryl.and. .Suhsei|nenll_\- they came to I );i\-iess comity, 
arrix'ing here in 1 N,^ 1 . Jesse Godwin's wife died at hMwardspi u't, Kno\ 



counlv, liiiliana. lie al'lcrw ariU rcluriK-.l tn Ua\ ie-s oniiUy, where liis 
tleath (lecurreil at llie a.ue of >e\ enly-^ix. je,-.-c (iinlwiii auil wile reared a 
lar.^e family uf eliildreii, aiiKm.i; wlmm were lulward, (ie(>ry;e, Jnlm, Je>>e 
am! 'riiiiiuas. 

The inalernal i^raiulpareiits of ( ieor.i^e (indwin \va> Josei)h and Susan 
(Wdiite) Allen, natives of Kentucky and TenncN^ee, re-^pectively, and piu- 
neers ul" Daviess oninlv, ihey lia\inL;- been early settlers in Reeve ttiwnsliii),, 
where hntli dicil, the inrnier at the a.s^e of seventy-nine and the latter at the 
aye uf i.ii;hlv-f(Hir. Jiise[)h Allen was a niereliant, and when he came tu 
this countN' >tarted a hurse-puwer ,L;rist-mill, which he |iresently clianj;ed Im 
a water-power nnll. liually erecting a steam-puwer mill. Me wa.-> a very 
successful miller and after awhile erected a second mill. l)m-ing the time 
that he was thus enu;a,t.;ed as a merchant and nnllei- he also continued as a 
farmer and stock raider. He and his wife were the parents ol thirteen 
children, nanich' ; k'sther, John, Malmda, Tolhert, hdiza, Jane, Mary, Stau- 
cil, lames, L'harles, lunma and two who died voiuiy. 

George (iodwin was reared I'li his father's farm in Kee\'e town>hii), 
atlendini; the district schools, and !i\ed at home imtil he twenty-four 
\ears of ai;e. He he.gan his career as a merchant in ihe town ol' Altord-.- 
ville. where he conducted a general >tore for twn years hefore hi^ marriage. 
( )n the ^th of lannarw 1SS5, this store was destroyed liy fire and .Mr. ( iod- 
win lost all his goods. (Jn April nj, 1SS5, he opened the Inisiness again on 
the same s]iot, where lie continued in husiness until 19(17, in which _\ear he 
moved to Washington. In H)af> Mr. (jodwin was elected county treasurer, 
serving four \ears, coni|jrisiiig two terms, lie became connected with the 
State llauk of \\'a^hington in the meantime, ha\-iug assisteil in its organi- 
zation, and acteil a^ its president for two years. Sul)^e(|Uently he resigned 
tlii^ office and purcha-ed his iire<eui dry-goinls and grocery store in i()i-'. 
.Mr. (iodwui has a-^ociated w uli him in ihi.- luisiness hi> three >ons, Xeil. 
Iseuli and Ralph. 

( )n April 11, 1NS5, (leorge (iodwin was married to .Mary l.;nmiun, .a 
daughter of Uohert and Matild.a (Chandler) 1. annum, an<l lo this union 
l"i\e children ha\e lieeu liorn, M.aud. 1 lelen. .\eil, k'eilh ami Ralph. Maud 
UKU'ried Inrnard 1.. Spalding, of Montgomery, to which lun'on two children 
ha\-e heeu horn, Ileleu and Carl. Helen Codwin died at the age of eighteen 
years. The mother ni these children died'ou A])ril J'l, ii)il, at the age of 
fortv-nine. She was a memlier of ihe Melho(li>t l-.]iiscopal chiu'ch, heing a 
devoted anci acti\e worker in the church. She was horn in M:i\s\ille, Keii- 
lucky: her parents wer nati\es of tlie same state and died there after the 

368 i).wii:ss r(U'i\TV, in'hjana. 

war. TIk-}' wx-re the iiiircnls uf lux- cliililrL-n, Lizzie, ^lary, Jnhu, I'erry 
and Jennie, all of whom are dead ^a\e John. 

On Jaiiuan- 15, lyu, Mr. Gndwin married, .secondl)-, Airs. Carrie B. 
Danle)', widow of Joseph Daiile_\-, and a daughter of I'di and Sarah Gill. 
She was liorn in C)hi(j, of which state her parents aLo were natives, the 
latter inoN'int^" to Illinois about the time of the C'i\il War, settlings at Idora. 
Her father died there at the aye of se\ent) -one, while her nn^ther is still 
li\ing. Mrs. Carrie l'>. Codwin is a member of the Westminster I'resl/y- 
terian church in Washington. Mr. (iodwin i> a member ot Loogontee 
Lijdge Xo. 6j(), l''ree and Accepted Ma.sons, and nf Ci\eri)0ol Lodge N(j. 
] 10, Independent Order of ( )dd bellows, lie also belongs to the hnpro\'e(l 
Order of iiL-d Meri, the lien llur Society, the .Mndern Woodmen of the 
World, and the Modern Woodmen of America. 

bew men li\ing in the cil\' of Wa>hington are belter known than 
George Godwin and tew men mure tli'iroughh' de^er\e the confidence and 
esteem of their fellnw citizens than he. lie has been successful in business 
affairs, and has managed tn ac(|uire a substantial C(ini]ietence for his old age, 
when ihat time cniiies. llis success in life is founded upon a reputation 
for hone.stN' and si|uare-dealing. Mr. God\\iu's three sous, who are now 
associated with him in business, are ei|nalh- devoted to the methods which 
!ia\e been established by their wnrihy father, and are regardeij as among; 
the rising young business men id' the coinU\- seat. 


l'erse\'erance and sterling wirth are .almost alwa\s certain to win con- 
spicuiius recognition in any lucality. .\l\a ( )ns b'ulkersi .u. die jiresent Cimnty 
supeiMniendeiil of schools of haxicss ccuiiuy, Indian, i, and fnnnerlx- a well- 
known teacher in the Washington high school, is a splendid example of the 
successful self-made man. lie not only eminently deserxes the CMulidence 
reposed in him by the trustees of the warious townships (d' Da\'iess county 
and the people of l)a\-iess county as well; but he also possesses the talents 
and forcefulness which ha\'e made him one of the leading count\- superin- 
tendents in the state of Imliana. lie is now ])resident of the State Counts- 
Superintendents' Association, lie was a successful instructor and in his 
present position has dmie much tn raise the stand.ard of the iniblic schools 
of Daviess county, lie is a man of strong liber and vigorous mentality. 




IJe lias acliic'X-cd a .si,L;iial success in the cducatinnal field and has earned 
splendid wurds uf coniniendatinn fr(ini those wIid are c<inipetenl tn furni a 
pniper estimate ul llie man and his accijiiiplishmcnts. 

-\l\'a Otis h'tilkersiin, cunnt}- supcrinlendent of schnols, of Washington, 
Indiana, was horn in \'an lUnen tnwnship, l)a\ iess county. Indiana, on 
Marcii iS. iSfiS, the son of Isaac and Margaret L. (.Mien) I'nlkersoii. nali\es 
■of Indiana. lie is oije ot mne children, hoiii to his ]),arents. nanieK*: lildoii, 
of lloiitu.ain, \\'ashin,L;ton ; .Mice (,.".. the wife of I). Jl. I uurlney, id' hdnora. 
Indiana; .\l\'a ()tis. the suhject of this sketch; .\rthm- L., ( d' J^awreiicc, 
Massachusetts; I'larence 1)., of Salem, ( )reL;on ; ( Hiver 11.; iM'lie L., of 
\\'ashini;ton, Indiana; .\llen \>.. of Indi.anapolis ; /.. Roy, of Montreal, Can- 
ada; and lul^ar L.. who dieil from the effect of heing- scalded when aliout 
fom' \e;irh old. l'.di;ar I., and C lareiice If were twins. 

ls;i;ic fidktM-s( iU, the father of Aha ( )tis h'nlk'erson. was Ijorn and reared 
in 1 );i\H'ss couiUw lndian;i. .and was al\\a\s a f;iianer. .At the time o| his 
death he owned a f;uan of se\enl\- ,acre> in \ an I'.uren tow)isln|i. 'litis f.arin 
he had im])i-o\ed ;ind there he reared his familw lie died in July, ii^ii, at 
the a,L;c of o\er .-.e\ eiit\-tln'ee \ ear>. His wife sur\i\es liiin and resides in 
Washini^toii. .She is a memhei- of the .Methodist h'.pi>copal church. l>aac 
Fnlkersou was a soldier in the l'i\il War, serNins;" ;is a private in the honr- 
teentli Ke^^imeiit Indiana X'olunteer lnfantr\' at fn>l, and hater a^ ;i memher 
of the flirty-fourth Kei.;iinent Indiana \'olunteer Infantry; ser\in,L;- in all 
ahout three }'ear>. Me rerei\eil a fall on Cheat .Monntain and for disahilit)' 
suffered fv reason (if this ininr\' received a pension. llis service during;' the 
w^ar ino^tK- performed in Virginia and 1 eiinessee. lie ;dw";iys took' :i 
]iromiin'nt ])arl in ])oliiic>, ;md w;is idi'iitified with the I )eniocr;itic p;irty, 
htlt never held office, except of coiisl.alile. 

.\K;i ()iis Culker:-on's prut'rnal L;r;md f;illier w;is huncs hnlkerson. who 
m.irricd Ifintli.i -\iin l^v■an■^, |anic< fulker-oii :ind hi- wife were early 
settler-- in I ),lv iess countv and were farmer-, 'flie former die<l in middle a^e 
and the latter after re.iclhuL; llie ;ii;e of scventy-ei,i,dit. 'I'hey h;i<l a lari^e 
familv of children, amouo- whom were l.-aac, Ahariou, .Michael, /if.a. Jacoh. 
Henrv, W'illiani ;md Irene h". .\. ( '. hnlkerson's maternal grandfather was 
Cyrus Allen, who married Lodn-ky 11. (/oinpton. Cwrn- .Mien came to huli- 
aiTa from Xorth Carolina when ahout seven years old. llis wife was a native 
<if Indiana. 'I'hev resided in Daviess county the i^reater part of their lives 
and were f.armers. Cyrus .Mien was ]);ist fifty when he died, lutt his wife 
lived to he eiqhtv-three. 'fhey had ,a lar^e f.amily of children, as follow; 


Oriena. IMargaiet L., KatluTinc-, (/lenicntine. l\tzia. Tlieresa, F-ogan, 01i\-er 
1'., r.aiiiKT II.. Willanl Uulicii and h;ils\vortli. 

.\l\-a (Itis I'ulkcisoii wa-^ reared on his falher's farm and attended the 
(hstriet scliuuls and tlie Odnii his^h schndl. lie >|ient nne term at the Snuth- 
ern huliana Xdiinal (Julki^e at Mitchell; nne \ear ;it Itel'anw Liii\er>itv, 
and was gra(hiated fre)m the Indiana State Xurmal Sehonl at Tei-re Haute, 
in iN')3, further |)in'>uini; his studies he was t^raduaied frnm Indiana L"ui- 
Aersity in i^'jj and in iwin did Mune ])c)st-i;raduate wnrk at (.'hieaL;i> I'ni- 

AKa ( )tis ['"nlkersDU l)e,i;an teaching in iNS<). and in \X')'i went t'l Wash- 
ington, this ciinnly. as principal cf the .Sonlhside schuMJ, after he had taught 
in the district s(h.JiiK and ser\ed as princip.d nf the >ch(Mils at l\agle-\ ille, 
StauntdU. and hdnnra, Indiana. hOr live _\ear^ he >er\ed a> principal id the 
Soulhside scIkimI. and after that ser\'ed fur five ami nne-half \ears as teacher 
nf hisliir}' in the W .i-^hingti 'u high schnnl. In januar\-, n;) i. he was elected 
li\' the ciinnt} hoard of educat:on, as counts' su])erintendent of schools to fill 
out a \acanc\'. lie was re-elected in June, i<;i I. h\- the unanimous \'ote ■ d' 
the trustees, lor a full term of fonr sears. 1 tnnng this incumhencs' the 
Legislature extended the term of counts snpiuintcndeiUs tssn sears, so that 
.Sui)erintendent h nlk'erson's present term ssill not exjiire until Miij. 

( )n Septemher 5, U)on. .Mr. hulkerson wa> united in marr;i,age lo Minnie 
Ellen t ase\', as ho ssas l)oru in this Counts-, a daughter of I' Walker 
and helilah ( Keiser) Casey. 'I'hoiuas W. Casey came to Indiana, from 
Tennessee, \shen he ss'as ahont eight \ears old. lie hecame a successful 
merchant and was a seterau of ihe (.'isil War. lie look part in some of the 
most im])ortanl hatlles of the ssar, among sshich ssiu'c .\ and '"iCltss- 
hurg, being ss'onnded during dir second das' oi the l:Uter lihiiidy h.'illle. lie 
ssas musiered oul as a firsi iienlcnanl. Mrs. Inllai son's niotlu'r ss.'is ;i nalise 
of ( )hio, hut she came |o lndian;i ssheii sonng. Mr. t'asey \s,'is married 
tssice. (l.'M'a, Alliert l\., .Mimhe I'".., 1 lomei" h'., and l.ouella ssei'e the children 
1j\' the lirst marriage and Kftle, l-'red ]l., Millie and llcrschel 1). ss ere the chil- 
dren hy the seccmd marriage. 

.Mr. and .Mrs. h'ldkei'son are niemhers of the l-'irsf .Methodist l'"piscn])al 
church of Washington. .Mr. k'nlkerson is a memher of the ol'licial hoard of 
this church; superintendetU of the .Sunday school and ])resident of the 
I'~pss'oi'lh League. lie ssas prcsideiU of the district i'',pss'otth League foi' tsso 
terms and has tssice represented his church as l.-i\ delegate ,'U the annual con- 
ference. -Mr. h'nlkerson belongs to L harity l.odi^e .\o. ,^0, h'ree and .\cce])ted 
]\hisons, and is also a mehiher of the Royal .\rcanum. Li ])nhtics he is 


ideiititied with llie Democratic party, ami during (Uic campait^'ii sctn ed as 
cc)unl\' chairman nf his partv. Mr. I'"u1kcr--nn is a director in the Stale I'ank 
of \\'a>hin,i;ton, and a (hrector in the L'nion Sa\'in,<;s an<l Loan Association of 
tile same city. He is ])rominent. not (jnl\' in the edncalional life of l.)a\iess 
conntw l)nt in the social, financial and commercial life as well. 

L).\Xli:r. W. ll.Wi'.S. 

Anioui;" the men of sterling worth and strenL^th of character in h)a\ ie^s 
cuinU\ who ha\e made an impression npon the life of the locahl\- in which 
they li\e, none has achie\ed a larger meed of ]iopnlar respect and regard 
than l.)aniel W. ilaye.s, the president c d" the ( )don K'eallv (.oniijanv. llis 
life-long residence in 1 )a\ less connl\- has given the people an op[K)rinnit\' to 
know- him thoronghlw .and that he has heen trne to life in its e\-erv phase 
is maniicsted h\- the conlidenie and reg.ird m which he is held Ij\- th<'sf 
who know him. In a hnsmess \\;i_\-, ]\lr. 1 laves is a man of nnnsnal aitain- 
nient and has achievetl a s[)lendid success in life. 

1 )aniel W . Ihiyes was horn in \ ,an linren lownshiii. l)a\ icss counts-, 
Indiana, April _'5, iNGi), the son of John and l\i'sann:i D. i .Siuder ) I laves, 
the former of whom was horn in W'm-ltemherg. ( iermany, and the latter 
at Straushurg. in 'I'uscarawas countv, Ohio. The paternal grandparents (.f 
I )aniel W. i layes never came to .\merica, llis matei-n.d gramlparents were 
I'Vederick and ."^cv ilia .Snvdcr, natives of W'urttemherg, (jermanv, who came 
to America helore their marriage and who, alter their marriage, resided 
in < )hio, where they were farmt-rs. 

John lla\es was educated in f Iermany and tlu.-re Ic'irned the Meacher's 
tr.ide. I le c. line to America ai llicagcoi eighicen v ears .md located m I lliio. 
lie lived in that stale niuil 1S03. iu which vear he came to this countv-, 
and ])urchased land in \ .-m lUiren township. lie larmed there until iS()^, 
when he moved to the \illage of ('don, where his death occurred ahont one 
year later. lie was a memher of the L'nited lirethreii clinrch. to which 
faith his family adhere, ihough while living in ( )hio he was ideiitiried wilh 
the Lutheran church. To John and l-'osanna \). (Snyder) l]a_\es were horn 
tlie following children: Mrs. .Sar.-di lAans. who lives near k,-Lglesville, 
this County; Fred (].. who lives at Xevada, fowa : .Mrs. jnlia Oval, ol 
Raglesv-ille ; Mrs. Mary Rasler, deceased, who lived at Uaglcsv illc ; (iideon, 
who lives at (/odv, Wvoming; ?\[rs. Dollv Ward, of St. Louis. .Michig;ni; 



Charles, of St. Louis, Missnuri ; Mrs. N'idla Ward, of (3don ; and Daniel 
W'., the suhjeet of this sketch. 

Haiiiel W. Ila_\es was educated in the public schouls <if Daxiess county 
and in the Southern Indiana Xoruial School, now extinct, at Mitchell, Intli- 
ana. lie also attended the normal schodl at Odou ,'uid later a liusiness col- 
lege at Xew Alham', Indiana. .Mr. 1 laves taught >ehool in l);i\ie-;s county foiu' \ears, alter which he entered the mercantile htisiuess at (.)don, ha\iug 
ser\ed one \-ear's Imsiness a]}iiretiticeshiii at Washington, with t .able \: 
C'oH'man, previous to going to ( )d. .u. Mr. Hayes operated a general store 
at ( )don for se\enleen years, and in 1007 he went into the reall\' business, 
h.i\ing been elected to the otlice of iire^idenl ol the ( )dori Ueall\- tomp;m\-, 
which ol'lice he ^till holds. 

In iS<)f Daniel "W. Hayes waN married to Cor.a 1',. W'.ard, daughter of 
J'hili]) ,S. and .Margaret Ward. To this union .se\en children li.axe been 
born, r.eatrice, Dow, Dwighl, llarold. bihn, Robert and Margaret. Mr. and 
Mrs. Ila\es are members of the United I'.rethreu church, acli\e m both the 
work- of the church and the Sutiday .->, ;nid their children ha\e been 
reared in that failli. JM-aternallw Mr. lla\es i> a member of the l\night^ 
of IMlnas and of the Tribe of I'.en Mm-. In his capacity as ]in.sident ot the 
( )dou KealtN ( 'ompanw he has done much tow.ard promoting the material 
growth .and prosperity of this couimunity. lie is houore<l .and) re-^ijceled by 
his fellow townsmen and is entitled to i-;mk as a representative citizen and 
btisiness man of Da\aess counl\'. 

Cl't )U(ik; AV. tOUUI'.LD. 

It i-- uUeresling to uoie tiom the beginmiig the growth and de\Hop- 
ment of a cominiinil\-: to note the lines aknig which has been m.ade 
and to take cogmzance of tlio,e w ho-e industry and leadership in the wurk 
of athaucement have rendered possible the present i)ro>],erity of the locality 
under consideration, C.eorge W. C'orrell, of this re\iew, is one of the strong, 
sturd) individuals who has contributed l.argel)' to the material welf.are of 
Daviess countv, and particularly to the wi'llare of the vicinity of Odou, 
where he resides, lie is an up-to-date b\isiness man, pnblie-s]>irited as a 
citizen, and jirogressixe in all that the term nnplies. 

tieorge W. Correll born at Alt. 1 lelsia, ( )hio, ( .11 September -'4, 
184.S, tiie son of Clement and .\ancy (Shroy) Correll, the f(jrmer a native 


of Uliio and the latter a native nf .Maryland, Imrn in iSi6. Clement (/orrc-U 
was a sun uf Jacob and J'deaudr (I'uter) iVirrell, huth natives ul' \e\v ^■(>rk 
state, who niMved {<> Uhiu after their marriage, and lueated at L'herryville. 
Jaceih Currell was a tailur hy trade. Mrs. Xaney LVirrell was a danghter 
of John and Rachel (dlass) .Shmy, Ijdth natives ni ( lermanv, who settled 
in Indiana, near Sharpsliurt;. Late in life, aljoiit the vear iSij, they 
renidved to ()hii), settlini; near Stranshin-y" with the lirst culunv thai hnuled 
west of the 'Tiiscaraw a.-, river. They entered land in that vicinit\' ami died 
there. Ji>hn Shn.iy ser\ed in the War nf iSij. 

riement I'orrell learned the tailor's trade fnun hi.^ father, and 
ent;a,!;ed in wcrkint; at this trade and in the mercantile l)n^ine^.^ all his life. 
He made many unifcirms diirinj; the Civil War. In iX^cj he reni()\-ed tu 
(.)d(in and from that time until his death he was in lln.■^iness in that villaf^a*, 
bein,L; eni;-a[;ed in tailoring;- until ;iliout iSi)^, after which he eni;a<^ed in the 
general mercantile lie als<j was an auctioneer and :i justice <if the 
peace. Clement I'orrell was drafted hy tlie authorities for service in the 
L'nion army dnriiiL; the Ci\il War, hut was rejected on account of his 
wei,L;lit. lie and hi.-, fannl}- were memliers of the Unhed lirethren clnu'ch. 
Clement and Xancy (Shr<iyj Correll were the parents of four children, 
Marvey, Charles, C.eoriL^e W. and John. ll;ir\ey Correll ser\ed three years 
in the Union army din-iny- the Ci\il War. Charles Correll, al>o .i soldier, 
died in a hos]iital following the battle of Chattanooga. 

Ceorge W. Correll was educated at ( )don, and began learning the stone- 
cutter's trade in iS^^. He sl.arted working at (.)ilon, but sub-,equenllv 
moved to iJedford, and w<irked there and ;it other places. In iSjj he estab- 
lished a business for himself at Odou and in (SSo mo\ed the business to 
Loogo(.)tee. In iS'()i he returned to t )don and established his pi-esent busi- 
ness, in partnership widi J. .\. Ilurrell, under the lirm name of Correll & 
lUu'rell. Ibis lirm deals in Hediord rock in a wholesale waw and has busi- 
ness dealings all o\er the countrv. It ;ilso is engaged in an cxteiisixe retad 
trade in momunents. 'i'his lirm erected the memorial bridge at .\tlanta, 
Georgia, in honor of .\rchib;ild PiUtt, President Taft's aide-de-camp, who 
went down with the ill-fated Titanic. 

In i''^^^ George W. Correll was married to Rachel Wallick, of Odon, 
daughter of Mich.ael Wallick, ;md lo this union si.x children ha\e been born: 
Ira, Richard, Beldwin, Walter, Roberta and Hilary, of whom Walter an<1 
Mary are deceased. 

Mr. Correll was assessor of \'rm r>uren townshi]) while li\ing niion the 


funii. l'"c.)nin;rl_\- he was a niemhcr nt ihc Knii^lUs of r_\-tliias. lie ami 
liis lamily are coimecled with the Melhodisl l-'piscdpal clnirch. In a l)nsi- 
ness way (ieori^e \\ . (_"orrell is well kiiuwii, ami in a personal \\'a\' he is 
luueh likeil and highly respected In- his neighhors, and hv all the people with 
wlumi he has liatl either social or husiness dealing's. 

ALPRI'I) E. 1()11XS0X. 

A respect which shonld ;d\\a\s he accorded the hraxe sons of the Xorlli 
^\hu left their homes and the peacefnl pnrsnits of civil life to gi\-e their ser\'- 
ices and their li\es, if need he, to [ireserxe the iniej^rity of the American 
Union, is certain!) due Alfred 1'".. hihnson, a well-known lelired farmer and 
a memjjcr of a \'ery old famil) at \\ ashingtcjn, this county. Mr. Johnson 
pru\ed his lo\e and lo\ah\' to the L;ci\eriimenl on tlie lonL;' ami tiresome 
marches, on the loncK' picket lines, on the tented Tiehh and amid the llames 
and smoke of Ixitlle, and then, retnrninL;' to ci\'il life, manfnll_\- to(ik up the 
strnj^'^le ot as^ricnhnral lite, in which he was rewai'ded with a dei^ree uf 
success commensm-ale with his ellort.s. The ^reat secret ot his success has 
heen his (le\dlion to dul}', whether dut_\' i)ertained to his own pri\ale 
aliairs or matters alfectnij^- the pulilic welfare. In war and in ]ieace, his 
record has heen signalized h\- honest\- ol ]iur|)ose and inlei;rit\' of thouyhi 
and action; so that he has full}' de-er\ed the e.xalted ])osition which has heen 
accorded him hv the |)eo])le with whom he has lixed so loii^'. 

-Alfred E. Johnson was Ixjrn on a farm f(jur miles soutli of the cit}' 
of \\''ashin;;ton, in l)a\'iess county, on .March 27, 1N40, the .-on of h'lijah 
and Mildred illorralll Johnson, the former a native of Indian.a. horn in 
\ inrcnnes m irod, and the latter a native of .'<ouih C'arohna. h. .rn in iSoS, 
who were the ii.n-enls of nine children, namely: -\nson 1'.., who tjied at the 
a<;-e ol ninety-two; ilulda, who died in July, 1014, at the ai;e of nearly 
ninctv-two, was the wife of William Sini^letoii; Alalina, who died at the 
a£;e of ci,i;hty-si-K years, was the wife of William R. Thomas; h'.zra, who 
died in 1S5.:;, at the at^e of twenty-four; IMalild.a, who died at the ai^je (jf 
si.\ty-two, was the wife of J. 1'.. Ilouts; .Velson, who died at the at^e of 
seventy-four; Norvan, who died at tlie age of sevenl\ -four ; .Alfred ]!... the 
suhject of this sketch, and Lcnson, wlio died in California in 191 3, at the 
age of sixtA'-uine \e;irs and six nionths. 


Elijah Juhnsuii was a farnuT and a great hunter, his prowess as a deer- 
slayer ha\ing been widely reeugnized ihruuyliuut this seetimi. lie came to 
Daviess cuunty in i8i(), and was niarrietl in i8->o. lie died in i.S-|N, liein'' 
crushed to death by a falling tree. His wile died in 1855. J'.oth were 
devout Methodistb, and all their cliildren were members of the same church. 
All were old line Whigs and later Repul.>lieans, the husband^ of the girls 
being members of the .same part). The eldest .son, Anson 1!., who lacked a 
■ few days of being ninety-two \ears old, voted for e\-ery Jvepublican Presi- 
dent from V> d'aft, exce])t that, up to i8ho, the presidential candi- 
dates were Whigs. I'.lijah belonged to the old territorial militia. 

Allred ]■.. Johnson's [jaternal grantlparents were lames and Polly 
(Lindsey) Johnson, natives nf PennsyKania who came to Indiana in 1785 
and settled in the then small \illage of \'incennes. Jame.-, JohnsMU was a 
lieutenanl-CdlMnel in the Re\(ihitii mary army, .attached in a .Maryland liri- 
gade. llolh be and his wife were buried at .St. Francis\ ille, Illinois; he at 
the age of eighty-three and she at a somewhat younger age. 'Ihev were 
tlie parents of fnurteen children: John L., William, Friend, Joshua. Tames, 
Idijab, i\eu]ien, .Mnier. ( ieorge, Rebecca, .Maria, Pollv, Sally, ami one 
whose n.ime is lost to the ])resent generation. 

Air. Johnson's maternal grandparents were John Al. and PolJv ( Idor- 
rall ) Ilorriill, lirst cousins and naii\es id" Xorih Carolina, the f.>rnier of 
whom was liorn in 1780. He and bis wife came to I)a\iess conntv in i8i_>, 
four years before Indi.ana became a stale, and settled on the farm ucjw 
owned by the Shanks heirs, three miles south of Washington, where he 
died. His widow went to Illinois with a son-in-law. and died in that st.ate. 
'I'hey were the parents of six children: J:ison, .Mildred, William, Xancy, 
l'd\ira. and one who died in infancw 

.\ltred b',. Johnson was b.iru and reared on bis father's farm in Wash- 
ington lown-lup. lie aiieiided the old- fasliioued sub.-criptiou .school, whieh 
had a big wiitiiig desb, made froui a bo;ird. extending enlireK' across the 
side of the I'ooin. l.ati'r he alleuded the couutv pulilic schools. 

.\t the age ol twenty-oue Mr. Johnson enlisted as a Um'on soldier in 
tlie Civil War, and ser\ ed three and one-half years. He enlisted ;is a mem- 
ber ot Com|jany ^^]. l''ifty-eighlh Regiment, Indiana N'olunteer Infantrv. 
and later was attached to Coinp.inies 1 "> rmd C. Twenty-fourth Regiment. 
Indiana X'olunteer Infantry. He p.articipaled in many l)attles, antl was 
wamnded slightly at the battle of Champion's Hill, Alississippi. 

Alter the war .Mr. Johnson f.armed until 1807. when he retired and 



iiiiAcd tn W'ashingttiu. lie l)ciiii;lil a nice limnc at Tij i West Main street, 
where lie still resides. 

On Octtilier 1^5, iSju, Alfred I'.. Julinsdn was married tn JManees 1'". 
Tlatelielor, daughter of Jnhn T. and Indiana (I'urcell) liatL-helor, Iniih of 
wlumi jjelonged In ])i(ineer families nf this cumit}, and In this iminii li\-e 
children were born, Hugh Clinton, Lena, I'.h'a Myrtle. I'.dith Llewelhn and 
Grant C. Hugh l'lint«ni earried the mail fnr eighteen years and is nuw ;i 
piano tuner. He married Maud L. W'interholtom and the\' ha\e two ehil- 
dren, Malcolm and Norma. Lena died at the age (>( two and one-half 
year^,. hd\a Myrtle married 1'.. R. Wright, a conductor in the serx'ice of 
the ISaltimore & Ohio Railroad Oom|iany, lixing at Last St. Liaiib, Illinois. 
Judith L. is bookkeeper for the \'ose I'iauo (.'oinpan)' in Chicago, Illinois, 
and recei\-es a splendid salary, (irant has a fine position with the lUirronghs 
Adding iMachine ('ompany and tra\els out of Chii'ago. 

Mrs. Johnson was born in na\iess connt\, imliana. on August 10, 
1854. Her f.ather was bi;rn in ( Ihio and her mother in Indiana. Thev died 
in l)a\ ies^ coimt}", he at the age of si.\t\-niiie, and >he at the age of sevent}'- 
ti\-e. They were the ])arents of eight children, Sarah j., ?\liiier\-a. r\Iartha,. 
I'aioch, John, Mary, Laura and I'rances. Mrs. Johnson's paternal grand- 
jiarents were \Villi;un and Catherine (I'luher) Latchelor, nati\es of (.)hio, 
who were among the pmneer settlers of this county. Sul>se()nentlv thev 
mo\ed to Iowa, where they died. Thex' were the parents of eight children, 
John, Get)rge, Catherine, Rachel, William, Aliel, Juli.a and Sarah. Mrs. 
J(jhnson's maternal grandfather Jesse l'in"cell, ;i natixe of Xorth Caro- 
lina and a pioneer in l)a\iess count\-, who li\ed to I)e ninety-two years ot 
age. He and his wife were the parents of eight children, Indiana, Rachel, 
Rienjamin, William, Charlotte, I'rudence, lames and llii'.am. 

Mr. and Mrs. Tohnson are members of the Melhodi,i h' church, 
and lor uioie than fort\' consecutive \cars Mr. Johnson was an oliicer in the 
church. He has been a menibei- of the Independint ( trder of ( )dd I'ellnws 
for llfty \ears. He is a l\epublican, .and was a school director for ten con- 
seciui\e years; also serxing one term of three years .as a member of the 
board of education in Washington. He elected to one term of four 
years in the city council of Washington. Xo m;m in Haviess county is 
more highly resjiected or merits more honor Alfred L. Johnson, a 
man who has lived a consistent life ,and who taken ;i worthy interest in 
iiniiortant public matters. 



IvIXClC.ULD SCOTT M ITCl I I'.l.l., Al. 1). 

X(j Lithcr iin>fes>ii)U has acciinii>li-.lK'il, iluriii^ the last lialf cciUiiry, 
the [jriit^resv and ile\ el< ipmeiit that lia> hLX'ii iiiade liy the nieihcal [Ji'i ifes^iuu. 
The mail i>t original th(.nL;ht and aeti<in, wh'ise text-hook forms Ijnt the 
basis (jt tiittn'e \\ovl<, has e\er mo\-ed forward, taking' advantage of and 
iitikziiiL; new di^-eoxeries in the >eienee ol me(hcine and looking' ah\a\s for 
hetter methods and snrer means to the desired end. Such a man is Ur. 
Kinyj^iild Scott AliteheU, a phxsician and Mir,L;eon of Wasliin^ton, Imhana. 
In considerins; the career and character oi thi> ennneiit memher of tlie meih- 
cal lraternit\', the impartial o])ser\er will imt only he disposed to rank him 
anioni;- the leadini;- memher> ol his ]ir(ifession m |)a\'iess C'lnnlw hnt also 
as (ine of those men of broad cnltnre and mental ken who ha\'e honored 
mankiml in L^eneral. Throni^h a loii^ and btrsy hfe. replete with honor and 
snccess, he has been actuated 1)\ the liiLjhesi nii^ives and in the practice of 
liKs profession, he has broiii^ht rare skill and resonrce. his (piick perception 
and almost intiiitise judi^ment enabling him to make a correct diaL;nosis in 
practically e\ery case, lie has al\\a\s been a clo^e stndent of medical- sci- 
ence, keepinj;' in close toncli with the latest ]ir(j<;re--s and has been imiformh- 
snccessfnl m practice. llecaiise ot his hi,L;li attaninienis and exalle(l per- 
sonal character, he is eminently entitled to lepresentation in a work of this 

Kinj;t,'old Scott .Mitchell was horn at (.'orydon, Indiana, on August S. 
1S51, son of Jiihii S. and .Martha .\. (bdliott) Mitchell, natives of .\ew 
\ ork and Indiana, res[)ecti\ely. who were the parents of eii^ht children, 
Charles S., .,f Idora, lllniois; Dr. Kin-gold S., of Washington, Indiana; 
I'.mma .\., who died at the age of ten ye.ars; l.anra, the wife of S. C. Allen, 
of Jasoinille, Indi.ana; I.eonidas S,. dece.asctl; kdwin .">.. deceased; Indiana, 
wife .'f J. t'. L'liandler, of Wa-hingt' m ; and Uelle. who died at the age of 
se\ enteen. 

John S. .Mitchell was reared in .\ew \'ork state and when a young 
man, came to Indiana, settling in hdoyd comity,, where lie studied medicine. 
He began ])racticing in Harrison county and mo\ed to llaysville, iJtibui.s 
Count)-, in iS5_:;. Two years later he came to this county, locating at I Ind- 
son\ille, where he practiced for IwcKe _\ears, at llie ^\y'.\ of whicdi time he 
mo\ed two miles north and laid out the town of (ileiidale. A few \eais 
later he sold out to Doctor I lark and located at Mitchell, Indiana. In 1 SSX 
he returueil to l)a\Mess connt\- and settled at .\1 fords\ ille, where he died in 


1890, at the age of sixty-two _\ears, his widiiw dying three iiKjiiths later, at 
the age of tifty-eight. Txitli were aeti\e nieinliers of the Methnch'st ehurch. 
Dr. juhn S. Mitehell liad gi\-en hi^ serxiees to the L'liiMii army as as^^istant 
surgeon of the Sixty-lifth Regiment, Indiana \'ohinteer Infantry, (hu'ing the 
Cix'il W'ar. He was one of the leaders in the Independent (Jrijer of (3dil 
I'^ellows in this state, having ser\ed ;is district de])uty. Doctor Mitchell was 
a son of Solomon and Alehitahle Mitchell, the former a native of Ireland ami 
the latter of Scotland, who were the parents of three children, .\mbrose, 
John S. and luiiily. Solomon Mitchell died in middle life and his widow 
married. secondK'. (jeorge 1. Wolf, to which latter union no children were 
horn. lioth George I. Wolf and his wife died at the age of seventy-tl\-e 
)'ears and from the same cause, a Iracture of the hip, their deaths occurring 
six weeks apart. I )r. R. S. Mitchell's maternal gr;mdfather, Flliott. dieil 
when a coinparati\el\- \oung man. Icaxing a wife .and two childi'en. Martin 
A. and h)hn. Ili^ widow married, >c-condl\-, a Mr. Ahmlden, luit to thi•^ 
latter union no children were horn. 

Ringgold Scott .Mitchell was re;ired in the \illage of Oleiidale, Da\-iess 
county, and attended the common schooK. When a .\'onug man, he hegan 
stud\ing medicine under his lather, and in iSSS was graduated Irom the 
Kentuckw .""School of .Medicine, at Louisville. lie had practiced, ho\ve\er, 
twehe vears Iielore his grachi.ation. lie was pi'acticiug m (i;irdeu Citv,, when the hot w iiuK of 1 SSX hurned up the crop, in three da\s' tiiue 
and he mo\cd to Xew .Mhany. Indiana, where he practiced for a short 
time. wIkii he was called home, to .Mlords\ illc, on account ot the sickness 
of his father, lie reiuained there until after the ilealh of his father and 
lurither and then located at hlora. Illiucjis. He jiractieed there for six \-ears, 
or until 1004, at the end cd' which time he returned to this county, locating 
at W'.ashington. where he ])racticed since that time. 

( )n .\l.i\ JJ. 1S7J. hoci..r Miichell wa- married lo Luc\ t'ros>, ilic 
daui.;liter of Alhert ( ross. wlio-c wife wa- an .\kester, and to this union 
three children wei'e lioin, t'lare, ( laude and Charles. ( lara married S. 11. 
Ihtrton, of Washington township, this couiitx. (laude is a fanner in Min- 
nesota, li\ing near I'lue Ri\'er postoliice. He- is uiarrieil and h;is lour chil- 
dren. ( "h.arles is unmarried and is larmiiig with his lir(]ther in Minnesota. 
He is cit\- clerk of I'ine Ri\er. The mother (jf these children was horn in 
Iowa, and her parents, hoth iiow deceased, were natives of Indian.! an<l 
Iowa, respecti\eK-. 1 lie\- were tlie parents of scvt'U children, Laura, Lucv. 
.\lfred, Judson. (ileiidor.a, ( arrie and Lizzie. 

L'pon the death of his lirst wife. Doctor .Mitchell married, .secondly, 

nAVIE^;ri Cni'XTV, IXiUAXA. 379 

JZlizal)eth WiK'ni Cill, who was IiMni at Carlliaj;(j, Ohio, daii^luer of I'.li an.l 
Sarali (lill, both natives of Dliio. I''.li (Jill was a well-known nicrcliant ami 
dealer in live stoek, who has heen dead for s<jnie years, his widow making 
her home with Jloetor and Mrs. .Mitehell. I'di (dill and his wife were the 
parents of the foUowini^' children: J'"rank, Jacoh (ileceased), Allx'rt, k'red, 
Carrie, hdizaheth, Maggie and I .ucy. 

Althongh i:)oct')r Mitchell was reared a Methodist, he and his wife are 
members of the I're.shyterian church, lie is \ ai the hoard of 
trustees of the clun'ch and is a teacher of the ladies' class in the Sunda\' 
school. .Doct<ir Mitchell has a line teni^r xnice. and has sung in chciirs 
since he was twenl\' \ears olil. hralei'iialh', he belongs to (,"harit\' L.odge 
No. 30, h'ree and Acce]ited Masnns, and to Idwrpool Ludge Xo. 110, Inde- 
pendent (Jrder of ( )>\i\ b'ellows, at Washington. lie also is a member of 
the ciiunty and state medical societies. l''ornierl}- a Uepublican, Doctor Mit- 
chell became a member ui the I'ri .gres^,i\e party at il.s fMrmatioii, and has 
lieen acti\e m the councils of that part\- since I()I-'- 

\i.t onl_\- dues Dr. Uniggold S. .Mitchell slaml high in the esteem of the 
people iif Washingt' 111 anil \u'iiiit\', pri ilessii uialb , but in the ci\ic and 
religious work of his Imme city, he has ])erfiirineil a wni'lhy part. JJc is 
honored and respected by the hundreds of peii])le whn kiinw him fur this 
unselfish work. 

lA.Mi:.S A. r.URKI'.LL 

In examining the life recnrds td" self-made men it will in\'ariab!v be 
found that indefatigable industry has constilnled the b.asis of their success. 
True, there are other elements which enter into and cuiiserxe the adwmce- 
meiit ol jiei'sniial inleresls, as pi'isex ei .nice, di-crmniiatii 111 and the master- 
ing ol expedients, but the loundatMii ut all achie\ement is earnest and per- 
sistent labcjr. At the (jutset ni his career, .Mr. lUirrell recngni/.ed this fact, 
and he has never sought any royal to the goal of ]iri isperit\- and inde- 
pendence. .He began \\-ork earnestly and diligently in mder In aihance him- 
.self, and the result is that he is now numbered among the priigressi\e and 
influential business men of Da\iess cniintv. 

James .\. Ilurrell born ;it C'osin icton, ()hio, on Ma\- 21), 18^4, the 
son n\ John W. and Sarah (McCoy) I'.urri'll, bnth nf wlinin were bmn in 
Ohio, Jiihn W. I'lurrell being the s"in i>f kichard I'.urrell. J. .\. I'lUrrell 
came tn this cnuntv- in his \oulh. locating at Odmi, and was educated in 



the public scIiMuls. lie cnlcn.'(! the iiiarl.ile Ini^iness. learning tlie technical 
])i lints of the same under C. W. L'orrell, his present partner. In iS^i he 
started business in Odon for hini.self, lir.-.t lakiiiL; as a partner W. II. W'ayy. 
The lirni was known as I'.urrell >.K: \\'at;v, and the i>artner^liip continued 
until t.SijJ, in which year the present firm of t'orrell iV iJurrell was formed. 
This firni iloes an extensi\'e wholesale business in Kentucky and liedfurd 
stone, and a lari;e retail busuiess in nionunients. 

In iSSo j. .\. r.urrell married tn Sarah Lronke. daughter of 
Howard ('moke, tn which uniim fnur children ha\e been born, (,'arl II., a 
dentist of Jasonxillc, Indiana; \ellie, who married (.'. U. O'Dell, <>{ Indi.ui- 
apolis; Carrie, who m.irried bldward I.o\e, ni ( )don, and llarr\, who died 
at Ihe age nf two years. Mr. I'.urrell and family are members of the Meth- 
odist i'.pisciipal chiu'ch, and he is a member of ihe Knights of I'vlhias and 
of the Tribe of lien Ilur. 

l\c\erting to .Mr. liun-ell's parentage, his father, John W. Dun-ell, was 
born in Tuscarawas countw (Mini, jamiar\' j;, iSj(), ihe s(jn if ]\ichard and 
.Sarah ( K'euirislrick- ) biurrcH, Imih natixes of Marxland, whij nio\ed to 
Tuscarawas county, (Jhio, where lhe\' bulh died i in their farm in that county, 
when Jnhn W. was ;i small Imy. Jdlin W. lUirrell was educated in the public 
schiK/ls 1)1 'Tuscarawas connl)-, ( )hio. and on Jul\' 7, i^s^, was married, at 
1 )o\er, ()hiii, to .Sarah Mcl'ii\'. In 1S31) thev niii\cd In this countv. locating 
Mil a f;irm Iwn miles east of ( )dMn, and in iSdi iumn ed tn ()diin, where they 
have since m.ade their home. Jnhn W. I'lurrill w,is an undertaker and cab- 
inetmaker, having learned the business in l)o\er, ( )luo. .\s long as he was 
able to w'lirk' this was his trade, but he has been disableil since the \ear lijio. 
Sarah (Mcl'o\-) Durrell was bdrii in t'arrdll coniitv, ( )hio, the daughter 
of Jnhn and Ruth (White) .Mc('o\', the former a native of Ireland and the 
latter a native nl Wheeling, West Virginia. |ohn Mci'ov was a si m nf 
lliigli and .Mct'ov, natives i.l Ireland, who located in TieliiiMnt. 
( )hio, .liter Coming to .Xmerica. lie was a preacher in the Methodist T'.pis- 
co])al church. Ii(jth he and his wife died in I'.elninnt county, ( )hio. Mrs. 
Jeihn W. llurrelTs maternal grandparents were Thomas and .Sarah White, 
both n;iti\es of X'irginia, the tnrmer nf wh<im ^vas a slave-In ilder in that 
state and a captain in the patriot army during the ]\evnlutionary War. lie 
tmigr.ated to ( )hio ;ibiiut |N|(> and located in llelniont county, from there 
niiiving to 'Tuscarawas countv. ('bin, where he and his wile both died. 

'To John W. and Sarah (.\lc('oy) liurrell six children were born. 
.\lbert, T\ichard, .\nn;i, llarlev, Samuel and liilbert. all of whom are stilf 



' living, and are mcmhcrs of the Mctliiidisl I'.iiiscdpal church. )iihii W. Tiur- 
rcU was a charter iiieinher uf the liulepeiulenl ( )rder oi Otld I'eUows at 
Odon and is the only cliarter nienil)er now In ing. ~ 

lames McCciw a hrutlier uf i\lrs. )nhn W. llurrell, was a soldier in 
the L'niiin army during the (_'i\il War, h;i\ ing enlisted in the huurteenth 
Kegiment, Indiana Volunteer lntanlr\', under (ieueral Kenihle. lie was 
made a jjrisouer li\- the enenu' and conlined in Lil)li\- iiris<in. ddn's was the 
last e\er lie.ard ot hnn. All the memhers of the llnrrell lamiK are well 
known and highU' respected citizens of Uaeiess countw 


C)ne (jf the heanties ol our gowrnuieni is that it adsUow JL-ilgL-s no 
liereditai-)- rank or title; no patent of nohilit)- excejit thai of ualnre. le;i\ing 
e\er\- man to fix his own rank li\' hecoming ihe ariilicer of his nwu foi'tuue. 
1 'laee> ot honor and trust, rank and pretermeiit. thus h;ip])il\- ]ilaced hefore 
e\er\' indnidnal. high or low, I'ich o|- |io..r, to he striven for hv all, hut 
earned oiilv liy perseverance aiul sterling worth, are inci<t alw.avs sure to 
he tilled with deserving men. llusitiess responsi|iilii\ in a comninnilv is vv on 
oulv hv prodigious eiiergv, h_\' those possessing the ahihlv. i>ersev erance and 
industry of the very highest order. l-'lisha Hyatt, the ]ir(j])rieti 'f of many 
splendid farms in 1 ):iviess and Knox counties, is a man who has had a 
large ]iart in the husiuess lite of \\'ashingt< lU and vicinitv and affords a 
conspicuous example of the successtul, selt-m;ide -\inerican. lie not only 
deserves the conlideiice rejioscd in him hv his lelkiw citizens, hut this conti- 
dence in a large measure h;is heen the hasis ot his splendid success. Ik- 
is a mail of vigoinus mcntalitv, and this i|iia.lii\- has lueu a large lacior in 
his career. .\lr. Ilvatt n"t only enjoys the distiiu i ii ,u of lieloiiging to one 
of the oldest families in this conntv, hut he is one of the wealthic'-l cili/ens 
of the Count V and has heen liheral with his monev. 

I'Jisha livalt, a farmer, now living at 406 l'"-ast (irove street, Wash- 
ington, Indiana, was horn in that citv on Septeniher S, iS^ri, the son of 
I'disha and Martha ( Heaslev ) llvait, the former ;; n.ative of Kentucky and 
the latter a native of this conntv. 'Ihev were the parents of the tollnwiug 
children: h'lizaheth, deceased, who tin- wife nf 1. .\1. I'.arsoiis; Tln' 
■deceased: Idieodore F., decea-'Cd :, deceased; l.vdia, the v\ite ot 



Hugh Ivoyers, uf W'a.shiiit^ton, Indiana; Richard, deceased; .Vdelaide. who 
died young; and hdi>lia. jr., the iniinedialc subject id' this sketch. 

EHsha H\'att, Sr.. was nine years uld wlien lie came witli his i)arents 
to Da\iess cciuntv. Tliev settled just north i>l nn what is called 
the uld llvatt hduieslead. where he grew to nianhoud. He was a inercltant. 
during his earlier \ears and accunnilaled CMiividera.hle iiru]ierty. lie ownetl, 
at one time, eight tlunrsand acre^ id' l.and and was one uf the organizers 
oi the pri\aie liank nf Hyatt. I.evings & (_'i mipany. which, on account of its 
failure in later _\ ear>. lost Mr. Hyatt considerahle money, ile operated a 
sta\ e factoiA' and saw-mills and bought gi"am. in addition to running llat- 
hoats to Xew Orleans, being regarded as one nf the leading men in Dasiess 
counl\- in his da_\' and generaliim. He died at Washingli 'U on 1 )eccml)er 31, 
1NN5, at the age of se\enty-six _\ear^ and two months, and his wile (bed 
on her birtlidaw .\ngust _'(i. looi. at the age of eighty-four _\ears. She 
was a member of the Presbyterian clun-ch and her husb.and. while not a 
member of the elnn-ch, als<i partial to that failh. J le was a Uepulilican 
and was at one time a member of the citv cmnicil. but thd not lil<e to hiild 
public oflices. 

The p.aternal grand])arents of I'Jisha Hyatt, jr., were Tlnimas Ilyatt 
and wife, n.atices of Kentuck}- ;uid pioneers of Dax'iess cmuity. They 
bought land just north of \\ orlhington. as above mentioned, and there 
tlu'y li\eil llu' remainder of their days. Hwatt'^ death i.ccin-ring as 
a result of injuries received from the kick ol a colt. They were the parents 
of seven children, kdisha. jiTn. William, ITi/a. Mary, .\nn and .Margaret. 
The maternal gr,and|)arents of ITisha Hyatt, jr.. were l'".(lwin and I'dizabeth 
Jleaslev, natives of Pennsylvania, wlm emigr.aled from tliat state to Ken- 
luck\-, Cuming thence to l)a\ ic-.> conntw at a time when the Indi.ans were 
still here. Thev located in ?\laple \'alley. south of Wa-hington. and eng.igetl 
in f.irming and tanning. Thev were the p.M'enls ot but two children, 
.Martha ;uid a son. who died _\dung. 

l-'lisha Hv'att. jr., ^vas reared in ^^'ashington and attended tlie public 
schools of tliat cit\-. Tie remained at home mitil he reached his majority, 
at which time his father gave him a start, and he later fell heir to a share 
of his father's cst.ate, which he helped to settle. Ile always followed 
farming, stock raising and buving of grain, but ha^ ke]it his residence in 
W.ashington. Ile imw owns abuut six hundred acres in Knox ;uid Daviess 

In 1SS6 'Mr. I-Tvatt was married to.F.tta Xixou. daughter of M. A. and 



( liliiialiclli (^Willianisun I Xixuii, l)Lini in Kiiux cnuiii}', Indiana, in 1863. 
licr niMihcr dieil in iNiji at the age of fi iriy-ciglu and Ikt Uilliur died on 
J)cCL'nil)er _'5, ]<)i-|. Mr. and .\lr>. were the parents of .^e\cn chil- 
dren, lata, I'lara, h'.Hza, Alyrlle, Ruth, hdizalieih and I'di^ha. 

To .Mr. and ?\lrs. IJ)att lUe ehil(hx'n ha\e heen horn, (Marenee, .Martha 
E.. E\-el\n I'earh h.Hsha and Ivohert. Llarenee. who married .\Ua Smith, 
Conducts a <;rocer_\- store at IncUanapohs. Martha I'.. i> at hnnie. l-"\el_\n 
P. is a pinsician in Sxractise, Xew York, and is now an interne in the 
women's and children's home there, h'lisha, Jr.. is in the antomohile busi- 
ne--s, and Rwhert i< a ^tinlenl in the W a>hinmon hii;h >chool. 

.Mr. I halt i^ a niemher of ihe kepnhlican p;irl\- and was a city council- 
man for twc or three terms. -Mr>. Ilyatt i.- a meinher of the i're'-hyterian 
chmxdi ami is interested in all clun-ch work. .Mr. and Mi's. lly.atl .are well 
and fa\ iji-alil\- known in Washington and Daxiess county, and are In'yhly 
respected ami CNteemed 1)_\" all who kiii.w them. 

ROld'-.kT f. I'..\RR. 

The gentleman wJiose name a]i]ie;irs ;it the heail '<i this hiogr.aphical 
review needs no intro(luclion to the people ol l)a\ie-s county, .-ince hi-, 
entire life ha> heen s])enl in this ci'mmunity, a life de\ cited not <inly to the 
fostering nf his own intere>ls, Iml aNo to the welfare of all. -\n lionorahle 
re])reM.nt.ali\e of one of the e.-,lcemed families of his >eclion and a gentle- 
man of hiL;h ch.aracler and \\(jrih\' amhiliMiis, he has filled no small place in 
the pulilic \iew, a- the impurtant official ])ositiiins he held hear witne-,-. 
lie is a splendid Ivpe of the inlelliueni. up-to-date, self-made .\nx-rican. and 
Is reg.ivdrd as cm- 'if ihe \cr\ hcsi husiness uuii ihe cuniy can hoasi ..|, 
hcing prnL;rcssi\c and .ahi'east i<\ the limes in ,ill that coucerns the couiniMU- 
weallh and, \er\ pniperly, possesses the un(|uahfied rcs|iect and conliilence 
of all. 

Roheri j. I'.arr. the SdU of Jnhn and Julia i Ihirris 1 Ikirr, was liorn 
in DavicsS connly, Indiana, .\'o\emlier 14, iS-.|(i. and li;is h\cd here all of 
his life. h'hn llarr was a native of Kentucky, while Julia P.urris was a 
native of Imli.ana, her hirth lia\ing occurred iu what is UdW Martin cnunty. 

d'he |ialernal grandfather of Rnherl J. l'..irr was James Rarr, who 
came from Kentuckv to Indiana ah.iut \^\f' and Incated in what is now 
Rarr lownshi]), l)a\ iess county, lie cleared the land anil made a home for 



) himself and family in the wililcriK'ss. lie was a farmer all his life and 
was a priiminent and inllnenlial citizen in the earlv days in the tnwnshiii 
which hears his name. The maternal grandparents of Air, I'.arr were Uiih- 
ert and Mahala lUirris, nati\es (if Kentncky wlm came tn Indiana in an 
early day and located in what is now Martin connt)', near the Daviess 
connt)- line. They were pioneers in that section, and s]ient the re>t of their 
lives there, 

John I'.arr was reared on his f.ather's farm in I'.an- townsln]i. J le had 
very little opportunity for secmin-' ;m eilucation in ihat earl\- daw attending;- 
school only three weeks all his life, lie learned to read and write, however. 
;mil liein^ a man ol close oliser\ation, mana.ned to hecome \erv well informed. 
As a yount; man he took up farming- in Ueew township, and continued to 
reside there the re->t ( d" his lite, he ;md his wife d\in,!,;- on the homestead 
in that township, John an<l Julia ( I'.urris i liurr were the p;iients of ^e\en 
children, namely: hdiza, deceased, was the wife ol W. II. ( jodwiu, and 
lived in |-'.dw;i|-ds]iort, Knox county. Iiuliau.-i; Jane, deceased, was the wife 
ot l''r:ink- rmter, ,-md li\ed in l\ce\'e towndn]i, ihi^ connt\-: William W,, 
(jf .Momo,,nK-ry, Indiana; Su^an. deceased, was the wife of Samuel I'otts, 
ot Uee\e township; J.anies, deceased, was a farmer of Kee\e township; 
Jnd.-i. the wife of .\, J, ISurris, :i f.iinier of Rce\e township, and Rohert ],. 
with wliom ihis u.arr.ative ileals. William .and James holli si-rved in the 
L'nion ainiy during the ('i\il W ,ir, liolli snr\i\ni,ii die strn-l^le anil hecoin- 
in^ siilislanli.d (a'tizens of 1 )a\ iess counts'. 

K'ohert J, Marr received his education in the common schools of Reeve 
township, ,iiid ;ilur he .L^rcw to m.atnriiy look nji f;irmin,i;' in Reeve town- 
ship. In iSiji he smUI his f.arm an<l moved to Washin,i;ton. h'or the pa-st 
lifleen years he has heen en,L;aj.;ed in fruit .i;row ini,;, and h;is a fine a]iple 
(jrchard (jf thirt\- acres two miles out of \\'aslnnL;ton. Mr. I'.arr is also ;i 
diieciiir in ihe .'sialc I'.auk of Washim^lou, 

In 1S70 .Mr, I'.arr was married to h'.mily II, Cole, of Ree\e township, 
the dan.i^hler of Re\-, Jacoh Cole, ( d' Idoyd counly. Indian.i, ,and to this 
union have heen horn si.x ihil.lren, Idorence IC, ( ), W,, l'".stell;i -\,. .\unie 
I.,, (ilenn I',, ;ind Rohert C, .all of whom are li\in-, with the excejition of 
Idorence h",., who died at the a.^e of thirty-seven. Tlu- fannd_\- are all mem- 
bers of the Cniled Mrethren church. 

Mr, llarr is ,in adherent of the Re]inhlican p.arty. and for wars has 
lieen actively interested in puhlic affairs, lie serveil his fellow ci.tizens two 
terms as trustee ol Reeve lovynshi]), .and in iNijo elected to the oflice 
cif County treasurer, servin,i; one term, lie also served two terms as county 


-commissioner. ATr. I'arr i.-^ a man of iiigh moral character, persistent indus- 
try and excellent iu<lL;nieiu, and thronghout the locality where he has lived 
for so many }'ears he occui)ies an ensiahle position ami)ng his fellow men. 


The Union soldier during the great w.'ir between the states Ijuilded 
wiser than he knew. Through four years of suffering and wasting hard- 
ship, through the horrors of prison [tens and amid the shadows of death, 
he laid ihe .superstructure nf the greatest temjile e\er erected and dedicated 
to hvuuan The wnrld look'ed on and called these soldiers sub- 
lime, for it was theirs to reach nut the mighty- arm of power and strike the 
chains off from the sla\c, and i)reser\'e the coimtr}' Irom dissolution and 
to kee[) unfurled \.o the breeze the only ilag that e\er made a t)-rant tremlile. 
I'or all their uniue.'isured deeds the li\'ing present wdl ne\'er repa\' them. 
Attenliun and pnliiical power mav be thrown at their teet; art and scul]iture 
may pre.ser\e upon can\as and in granite aiul bronze their deeds; 
history ma\- eoniimt to lioof:s, and cold iy]nr ma\- gi\e to the future 
the tale of their suffering and triumph, but to ihe children of the genera- 
tions unbiirn will it remain to recijrd the full measure ni api)reciation and 
und\ing remembrance of the immortal character car\ed out b\- the American 
soldiers in the dark days of the sixties, nmnbered among whom was Will- 
iam S. Wrdler, ihe tx'ler of the Masonic lodge at Washington, Indiana. 

William S. Waller was born at the coiaier ol birst I'.ast an.d \'an Trees 
streets, W .ishington, Indiana, the town at that time luing known as I.i\er- 
pool, on b'ebiuary 4, iS.V' t''^^ '^"" "f John W. and Mary .\nn ( fioodwiu ) 
Waller, the I'ormei' of whom was a n,-iti\e of Kentucky aiul the latter of 
reiins\ l\ ani.i. who came lo tins county from l\enlui;k_\- in lN|-, locating 
at Liverpool, now Washington. John W. A\'aller w;is a merchant and held 
several public oftices in the earh' days, among which were those of cit\' 
treasurer and cciunt)' assessor. 1 le assessed the taxables of the cciiuitv at 
a time wheti he received only ninety dollars for the entire work. He also 
served as justice of the peace for a number of years, ;md w;is a man of 
large influence in the early affairs of Daviess county. Later he purchased 
a farm east of Washington, consist itig of a hundred and twenty .acres, 
which he imi)ro\ed, and where he died in J^74. at the age of seventy-six. 


llis widow died in i88_', at tlie age of ciyluy-two. She wa.s a .MellnKlist 
and fur many years was an inllnential tactur in the guu<.l works ui tlie 

The paternal grandparents of W'ilHani S. Waller were John W. and 
Mary Ci. ( Mathis) Waller, natixes of lingland, and pioneer settlers in Ken- 
tucky, to which ^tate they eniigratetl at the clo>e of the l\e\-oluiionary War, 
thev tir^t having settled at I'lyniouth, \'irginia. juhn W. Waller, Sr., 
served as a captain in the Ivexdlutionary War ami died in Kentuck) at an 
old age, in the _\ear 1810. Mis widow came to this ccjunty, lucating in 
Lixerpoi.l ( m iw Washingti in ), where ^^he died at a \ery aihanced age. 
They were the ])arents of the following children: John, Cieorge, Kdward, 
Xellie, Nancy Marv, Jane, I'atse)-, llannah and I'dizalieth. 

The m.aternal grandp.ireiits of Mr. Waller were Aaron and Margaret 
( Mclnlldugh ) ( ioddwin, the fi)nncr of wliuiii w a> a n.ili\e ol Ireland and 
the latter of Scutland. Aaron ( ioodwin a tanner hy trade, who mo\ed 
from I 'enns\d\ania to M.arietta, Ohio, and thence to Li\-er[)ool, now Wa.^h- 
ingtoii, Indiana, where he operated a tanner)-, the lirst in the tnwn. This 
tannery was on the corner of what is now lor^t We>t and W'e-^t Main streets, 
i'loth he and his wife liv'cd to \ery advanced ages, and were prominent in 
the early affairs of \Vashingt<jn. They were the jjarents of the tullnwing 
children: William, Aikman, Aaron, J;ine, Mar\' .\nn, Knth, Laura and 

William 1"^. Waller \v;l~ hfirii and reared in W;i>liingti 'U and that city 
has always hcen his hume, lie atleiuled the 1 ild-fashioned suhscriplion 
schouls and lived at home until he was gruwn, after which he started for 
him^^elf liv f.arming <'\\ his fatlier's farm. I.;iter he wurkeil ;it the car]ieiiter 
trade for several years ;md still later engaged in the husiness for a 
inimher of vears. .\ftcr, fur ;i little mure than Imut \c:ns. he was -rreet 
ci immissinner of WashiiiglMii. l'"i>r ihc pasi iwciilv-twc vc.irs .Mr, Waller 
has heeii the tyler for all the liodies of the Masmiic lodge at Washington, 
lie t\'as ni;i(le a Mason in 1874, his father having also heen a iirnminent 
memlier of that liodv. Tie is a memher of (Miarit\' Lodge Xn. 30, Free and 
Accejjted Masons; Washington Chapter \m. o-'. l\o\,al .\rch .M.ascjus; 
Washington Council Xo. hj. and .Select Masters; W'asliington ('(Jin- 
mandery .V(j. 33, Knights, and Washington ( '|i;i|iit,-r Xo. jin. 
Order of l'".;istern Star. 

.Mr. W;iller enlisted m llu' Luion army on .\|iril 10, i8'ii. for ;i ])eriod 
of six months' service during the ("i\il War. lie (irst servcil in ("oiniianv 
C,, Sixth Uegiment Indi.ana \'oluuleer Infantrv. anil at the e\]iiration of 



l^i^ icnii he ix'-euli>ic(l 111 LVini[)au}' 1, Tw tnt y-l'nurth Ucyiiiieut liuliana 
\'uluiUccr InlaiUry, >cr\iiig uniil Xnxcnilicr, iS(j5. Air. Waller was in 
mail} liar(.l-li luylii haltles durini;" the Ci\il War, in which he recei\'eil a lew 
flight tlesh wnunds, hut IkkI im hones l.irciken. Alter the war he I'etin-ned 
t' I \\'ashinL;t(jn and tuuk up his lite work as heret(.)fore mentioned. 

L)n .March 4, 1S51S, William S. Waller was married to .Mary Kendall, 
daughter of John and Xancy (J))er) Kendall, U< which union only one 
child was horn, .\dda, who married John W. Coleman, a resident of Wash- 
ington, to which union has heen ln.irn one daughter, Helen. .Mrs. Alarv 
Kendall Waller, who died in .Septemher, 1S51J, was horn on a farm in this 
county, east of Washington. ller ]i;irents were natixes of Kentucky, who 
came to this countr_\' in pioneer days and spent the rest of their lives here. 
They were the parents of seven chddren, luioch, William, Cieorge, Joseph. 
.Sarah, .Mary and .Martha. ,, 

While Ik line on a furUiugh, during the war. .Mr. W'aller married, sec- 
ondly, h'ehruary 5, 1^(14, l.sahell (/ani|il)ell, daughter of William and .Marv 
(('m\ entry) (.'amphell. In which union fi\e children were h'lrn. h'hn W., 
.Mary, Jame^, I'.lla ami h'.dilh, JmIih W. i> a miner in I 'ikt- i-ountx-, 
thi^ state, near ( );ikl.iiid < ity. lie married .Mehss.i ^lrlnlp.^on, and thev 
hax'e four children, ( harles, ( Idell, .Mary and hme. \\:ivv died unin,iri-ied. 
James is a carpenter in Washington and is unmarrit,(l. h'.lla married j. W. 
Walker, a machinist. They ha\e two soir^, William anil ( iiarle^. I'"dith 
ni.arried (.'harles W. (Juick. 'i'hey li\e at Orange Grove, Mississippi, and 
h;i\e no chilijren. 

.Mrs. Isahell Waller was hoin in Mexico, iweiily miles from .Mexico 
City, in 1N4J. ller parents emigrated from .Vherdeen, Scotland, .and settled 
in .Mexico. They were the parents of three children who lixcd tn niatm-ity, 
William, Ui.hcrl and Isahell. 

.Mr. ,iii>l .Mrs. \\ .dlcr are memhcrs of the I'laplisi church. Tlii>ugh Mr. 
Waller is a Ki'puhlicaii, he w a> made >li\'el coinmissii iiier 1)\' a I )eniociMtic 
admimstratii HI, anil ser\'ed in that capacity for four \-ears. Mr. Waller 
ci lines 111 a long line of Miisoiis. ;iud h,is in his pussession his gr;mdf,ather 
Waller's -Masmiic a]iriiii. lie aKi. is :i memher nf L'. .S, dr.ant I'lisl .Xo. "j, 
(u'.aiid .\rm\ nf the Repnlilic, and comm.ander nf the post fnr three 
years. W.ishington has heen .Mr. W:iller's home for se\en1 \--eight \ears. 
lie is ;i priiininent and cxempl.aiA" citizen. lie and his gond wife are 
among the oldest citizens in puiiil of residence unw li\ing in Washington, 
.lud are hniiMred and respected li\ the people nf that cnmmnnitw 



in tlic history of Washington the name of John 1'. Cavanaugh occu- 
pies a conspicuous place in the husiness circles, lijr during a nuaiher of 
years he has heen one of the representative citizens in the city's commercial 
life, progressi\'e, enterprising and persevering. Such qualities al\\a\'s win 
success sooner or later and to i\Ir. Ca\'anaugh they ha\e hruught a satis- 
factory reward for his well-directed efforts. While he has benehted him- 
self and the conununity, in a material way, he has also been an intiuential 
factor in the moral, educational and social progress of the community. Left 
an orphan when he was se\-en weeks old, John W Ca\-anaugli has achie\-ed 
a worthy success, uvercoiuing handicaps and surnujunting obstacles. 

Juhn I-". Cavanaugh, a well-knuwn general merchant uf Washington, 
was born on April jo, 1857, in Saline county, Missonri. lie is a son of 
Patrick and .Margaret (^Cavanaugh j Cavanaugh, natives (jf Wexford Cuuntv, 
Ireland, and Cincinnati, Ohio, respecli\'ely. John 1'. Cavanaugh was the 
only child of his p.'irents, both dying when he was but seven weeks old. 
His father was reared in Jrelaud and came to America when a young man. 
He settletl hrsl in Keiiluckv, and A\as married in Cincinnati. In company 
with some other men he went to L'eltis county, Missouri, where he was 
among the hrst settlers. They intended to take slaves there, but Mr. Cava- 
naugh died soon alter his arrixal in Missouri, in 1N5-, at the age of forty 
years. His wile afterward came to Indiana to h\e with her pe<jple, who 
had moved to this state and settled in Daviess county, and her death occurred 
two weeks later in 1857, at the age of twenty-seven. Doth were devout 
members ni the Catholic church. 

'i he jtaternal grandfather of John I'. (/a\aiiaiigh was Ji>hn (/avanaugh. 
who died in Ireland. He h;id four children, I'atnck, I)aniel. Richard and 
Ihidgel. llie laller of whom m.arried a Mr. Iweiian, of Cmciiiiiali. She 
died in the laller cily, leaving a son, J. J. Keeiian, who was for suine time 
emploved in the Peoples store, of ( ■iiicinnati. The brothers of Patrick 
Cavanaugh disappe.ired, and their hislory is lost. J'alrick spelleil his sur- 
name with a K, while his wife spelled hers with a C. and iliev were not 

The maternal gnmdfallier of John P. Cavanaugh was James Cava- 
naugh, who married Pdizabeth Maloy in Ireland and came to .\merica with 
two chil(h-en. They started on the voya-e, however, with three children, 
but one died in mid-ocean. They settled in Cincinnati in iS_:;_5, where he 



was c-nipluVLil as a linukkcepuT, and litre lie spent the remainder of his 
life. After his death, his wife eaiiie to Daviess cuiiuty, Jiidiana, where 
her (.leath dccnrred in 181)4, "i 'i^'"" ninetieth year. The}' were the jiareiits 
eif live children, William, Dennis, Mars', Alartfaret and Sarah. 

Jnlin I'. l"avanau,L;li w;is reared li\- his _^'randiiicither cm her farm, atteiul- 
ini;' the district schools nl his lurme iieighhorhood. I.;iter, he was a student 
in the parochial schools. SuliNei|ueiitl_\-, he c;inie to Washington and ilrove 
a ninle in the coal mines iov the linn of I'ahel & Kanggman for some time, 
lie ne.xt drove a deli\er)' wagon for this s;nne (inn for three \ears, after 
which he was employed as a clerk in this conipan\''s store fcjr a period of 
eighteen years. At the end of that tune he conducted a general store in 
partnership with Leonard l'"arm\\ald ami J. k". Crane, on the corner of 
J-'ourih and Main streets, Washington. Two years later Mr. ("avanaugh 
Sold his inlerests in this store and mo\c(l to the coiner of l~ifih and flefroii 
streets, where he hatl formerly ]iurcliased a lot. .\t this time he opened a 
general store which lie is still o])er,-iting. The jienple wlm reared .\lr. Cava- 
naugh, owned this pro]ierty, ;ind he purchased it Liter at a court house 
sale, lie has heeii a resident of Wasliingloii for al/oiit fort\'-li\e years. 

Mr. (.'a\aii;iugirs niatern,-il gramlmodier niarrieil a second time, her 
second husband lieing I'eter k'ee, and to this union twn children were horn. 
Jcilin 1'. C'avanaugh was married, on ihe lotli of Xovemher, [XSo, to .Mary 
Kiley, a (kuighter of Tcrreiice and I'ridget ( I.enahan ) Kiley, and to this 
union eight children were horn. William, Margaret, John, Clara, Joseph, 
Cieorge, John and Charles. The tirst four of these children died in infancy; 
Joseph is connected with the lloston store in Chicago, and is unmarried; 
George is eni])loyed in the store with his father; John is a student in the high 
schnol ;nid (_'harles is a student in the p;irochi,al school. 

Mrs. Cav.-inaugh was a nati\e cjI ("ouniy M.avo. Ireland, and her 
eiits were aCo liMrn there. Tlu-y came to America diirmg the t'ivil War 
and settled in Daviess county, where they lived the remainder of iheir lives. 
The\- were the jLarenls nf six children, Michael, .Mar\-, liridget, fohn, 
Anthony and William. 

In addition to his mercantile husiness, Mr. Cavanaugh owns a farm 
of one liundreil and sixt)' acres in Washington township, in this connlv, 
to which he devotes considerahle attention. lie is also interested in the 
dairy husiness. and has made a notahle success in this line. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ca\anangli and family are de\oui niemliers of the Catho- 
lic church, and contrihute lo the support of this denoniiii.-nion. 
Mr. Cavanaugh helongs to the Knights of (/olumhns and the Ancient Order 


of HilxTiiians. He is identiticil with ihc Democratic party, hut has never 
taken an acti\'e pari in jidhtics, and ha^ never iield nor aspired to office. 
He is devoted, primarily, to tlie welfare of his family and the interests of 
his business. In every respect, John 1'. Cavanau^h must he regariled as 
one of the he>t livin,L; citizens of ]Ja\iess county. 


The name Keith has lont; lieen. connected with the prOL^ress and de\'el- 
opinent id l)a\iess count\', and the name has been liorne by men who ha\'e 
reflected threat credit u|ion the state and upon their re^pectix'e communities. 
It is a well-attested ma.xiin the greatness ( d' a coinmunit)- lies not in 
the machinery of {^mernment, nor even in its institutions; but rather in the 
slerliny (jualU)' of the individual citizen in his capacitv hir high and unself- 
ish effort and his devotion to the public welfare. /VmciUg- tlie citizens of 
1 )av less countv, who have not (jiily w i m success and honor for themselves in 
their specific fields of cudeavur, but who have also conferred honor mi their 
respective comuumities, is George J. Keith, one of the prominent members 
of the Keith faniilv, a substantial and successful farmer and a well-known 
Iianker. .Vlthough .\lr. Keith resides in Washington, he owns nearly twelve 
hundred acres (d" land, and devotes a considerable amount of .attention to 
the details of directing operations on this land. 

.Mr. Keith is a son of jarit and Khoda Jane (Lester) Keith, and was 
born on .March 14, 1X41;. in Knox countv, Indian.a. His fathei- and mother, 
natives of I'aviess countv. mo\ed to Knox countv, where they lived tor 
about fifteen ve.ars. .at the end of which time they relurne<l to Daviess 
coimlv, and 111 1 Soo purchased from the heirs of Jaril Keith's lather the 
farm in Washington townslii|i, still known as the Keith farm, Mrs. Keith 
died in looJ, and from that time until his death in 1013 Mr. Keith lived 
with his different children. At the time of his death he nearly ninety- 
three ve.ars ni age. He owned about two thousand .acres of land. 

The p.aternal grandfather of George J. Keith was George H. Keith, 
and his wife was Abbie (Perkins) Keith. They were natives of Kentucky 
and pioneers in Daviess county. They ini])roved the old Keith farm in 
Washington township and there reared their family. (Jeorge H. Keith 
died ill Washington in iN^K, at the age of .-seventy years. His wife survived 
him some twienty years, and died at the age cd" eighty-seven. George H. 


Keith was a \ cr)- sluul and licart\' man, and died fnuii a congesti\'e chill 
Iwu hours aller lie was attacked, lie and Jiis wile were the parents cif a 
large family ni children, as fnlluw: Lucinda, lunily, Martha, Jarit, 
Gecirge, Ann, Wilson, Lhark> and twi> or three whi.i died in infancy. 

The maternal grandfather iil George J. Keith was William Lester, 
whose wife was Julia ( W'aynian ) Lester, 'i'hey were hoth nali\'es of Ken- 
tuck}' and were also pioneers in Da\ less county. In tact, there were only 
three houses in the town of W'abhington wlien they arri\ed in Da\iess 
count\-, and these three houses were huilt of higs. They settled in what was 
known as the I )utch settlement, se\en miles northeast of Washington, and 
later mo\ed farther north into Steele township, where he tiled welt ath'anced 
in _\ears. I lis wife sur\'i\'et.l him and li\ed to he eighty-li\-e years old. 'Ihey 
reared three children, Khoda jane, l.nuisa Ann anil William Harrison. 

(leiirge 1. Keith was reru'ed i>n his father's t;irm and attended the dis- 
trict ^cho(Jl of Ua\ iesN ciiinit\- and also id Kud.x count}', where he lived 
until he was twentx-fciur _\'ears old. 

Mr, Keith rented a farm nf hi- father in Knnx cnunt)' after his mar- 
riage and li\ed there twn \ear^, when Mrs. Keith died, and he then niuved 
to Sugar Land, in l)a\iess count\', on i>ne id histather's tarms. I'A'eiituall}' 
he ])urchase(l i)art of this farm and later inherited the remainder. 

.Mr. Keith's lir.-t marriage was to Mary hV.'inces ("arrull, the daughter 
of llenirunin Rufiis and Harriet Carroll, She died in March, il^Jj, and 
left no children. 

.\gam, nil Decemher _', 1S74, Mr. I\eilli was married to ]\lartha A. 
Tianta, daughter of Ahrani T. and I'diza .\iin (Jiueiiall) riant.'i, Si.x S(.ins 
were horn to this iinii'ii, Charles W., l-.phraim J., F.lnier !•'., James A., (Jscar 
11, and kav .\. Charles W. is a farmer c.n the Imme ])lace. lie married 
l.iui'etia l'arson> ;md they ha\e two M>ns, .\rthiir and i'.eniainin; I'.phraim 
|. i> a laiiuer ,iiid real e.-'tale dealer in Sikt->tiii, .Mis.sniiri: he m.irried Hicex 
d'oinuu' and lhe_\' h;i\e two ehildren. I'lDnnie and William; LImer is a 
farmer in Steele township and .'dso a d;iir\'maii ; he m.irried Lill_\' McDonald; 
the}' lia\e three children, llarle}', Russell and Uuh}-; James is likewise a 
farmer in Steele towiishi[); he was formerly a kicoiiiotix'e engineer, and 
married Mildred Ferine and the}' have one son, James I'rinie Keith; Oscar 
was in the iia\}' f(.]r ;i time, hut is now farming near Sikeston, ^lissouri. and 
is unmarried; Yiax is farming in Sugar Land on his father's farm. ;ind 
married Dicy \Vilson. 

Mrs. Afartha .A. (Banta'l Keith was liorn in Sugar Land, Daviess 


county, Ijut was reartal in Uarr township. She tHcd on August J, i8t)9,. 
at the age of forty-^ix years and ten months. IJer parents were born in 
Da\iess count}- and died here. They liad ten children, Wdhani, UeU, 
JNlartha, Etta, Dora, Henry, lihza, Charles, 'I'honias, and anuiher who died 
in infancy. 

The husljand of lietsey (Ju\en;dl) Danta was ;i AJr. I'.anta, gi'andfather 
of .Mrs. AJartha (llanta) Keith. The\- were nali\es of l\eiuuck\- and pi(j- 
neers in I)a\iess county, and had a fanuly c(jnsisting of the fdllowing chil- 
dren; Ahrani, John, Jackson antl Margaret. 

Mrs. .Margaret Keith's maternal gr.andf.'ither was a Mr. Ju\enall, 
whose wife was Betsey (AJc(.'racken ) juxenall. They were nati\es cd" Ken- 
tucky and ])ioneers in Daviess couniw He was a stage dri\'er in the early 
da\s. 'l"hc\' had onl\- one chiM, hdiza A. .Mi'. Ju\enall died snme tiiue 
after his marriage and hib wiilnw alterward married a man Ijy the name of 

Mr. ix^eitli was married the third time to ]Mrs. Jane I'had, whose maiden 
name was I'otts. She died on ()ctol)er 31, 1900. 

tJn |anuar\' 10, i<)i_', .Mr. Keith was married the lourth time to Mrs. 
Lola .M. L'nderwiuul, the widow of .Marshall Undei-wiHid and a daughter 
of Griflin ami .Mary .\nna (Williams) Maidvinney. She had three chil- 
dren hv a furmer marriage, t'urinne, .Marshall K. and f.ucile L'nderwood. 
Corinne married h'red S. Clapp. and died leaxing one child, Alice Al.ary; 
.Marshall K. died at the age of tw-enty },'ears and ten imiuths, and Lucille 
lives at home. 

The ])aternal grandfather of Mrs. Lola AI. Keith was .Vrchihald Mc- 
Kinney, whose wife was Margaret (lulwards) McKinney. lie a 
Scotchman and his wife was of Welsh stock. Tlie\- had lA'e children, Arclii- 
hald. Kc'hert, (irit'lin. .Margaret and ( ';iilicrinc. .Mrs. I .dki M. Keith's 
uiaieriKil grandfather was \'iiicent Williams, ;iiid his wife was hdizabcth 
(liart) Williams. 

.\fter mmiug hack" to Sugar Land, Mr. Keith cmuinued to farm there 
until I90(;, when he rented out his farm and mo\ed to Washington, where 
he purchased a comfortahle liome and where he now li\-es, at 507 North 
Aleridian street. Me owns four hundred and se\ent)--si\ acres of the houie 
farm in Sugar Land, and .also seven hundred acres in Steele townsliiii. .Mr. 
Keith is \ice-|)resident and ;i director of the .State Lank of W.ashingtou. 

Mr. and .Mrs. Keith ;ire inemhers of the Christian cluu-ch id' W.ashing- 
ton. He is one nf the trustees of this church, and is identified with the 
Republican ])arly. He is a member-at-large (if the county council. 


Gei)rye J. Keith is one of tlie \ltv prnmineiu fanners and stock men 
of Da\iess antl Knux counties, in huth of which lie is well known. Jle is 
a man of ent^ai^in^ personalitN', and one w hci enio\'s the esteem and conli- 
dence of all the people of Da\iess and Knox counties, whei'c he has li\'ed, 
and with whom lie has come into contact. 

\\^\Rkl<:.\ \-AN TkKRS. 

It i> fre4uentl_\' maintained hy iIkjsc accustomed to superficial think- 
ing that the lii>tor\ of so-called .great men c_inl_\ is \\orth\- ol p^e^er^■ation, 
and that little merit exists, among the masses to call forth the praises uf the 
historian i 'r tlie cheers ami the appi'cciation of mankind. A greater mistake 
was ue\er ni.ule. X(j man is great in all things, but many b\' a luck\' .stroke 
achie\e la--ting l.ame who, before that, had no reputation liex'ond the limits 
iif the inunediate neigliborhooil. h i- not a iii~ti'r\ of a luckv ^trl■ke which 
beiieiu> humanu}- nio-t. bitt the kmg jiixly and eii"rt that has made the lucky 
^troke p'--ilile. It i> the prelmimary wad., the metli"d. \'.hich -cr\e? a- a 
guide fcir cither^. Among those ^f l);i\ie^s county wli ■ ha\ e achie\eil ^ucccs^ 
by consisietit. steatly ettort, is Warren \'an d>ees. a well-known druggist 
and ])harmacist as well as a fartner of Washington. 

.Mr. \';m d'ree^ was born on I'Y'bruary ii, icS^S, at Washington, and 
is the sou of ■idionias 1'. and Sarah Deane ( Alhertson ) \'an I'rees, nati\'es 
of Washington, and Salem, Indiana. re>pecti\ el\-. They have three chil- 
dren, llarr\-, ilecea^ed ; W.arren ami Thomas, Jr., deceased. 

d'homas r. Wan Trees, the father of W.arren, w;is reared in Washing- 
ton, where hi-^ father was a pork p.acker. 1'. was emjT'yed by his 
f. idler to lake jiork ;md potiliry down the While ri\er and the (dhio and 
Alississipiii ri\ers to New ( )rleans. Oiiring the war he was a ]irospector 
in the mountains of ('olorado and Mexico, lie also ran a hotel in L\-n\-er 
when it was a small village, lie finallw retm-ue<l to W;ishingtoii and engaged 
in the milling business for a mmiber ot years after which time he moved to 
his father's farm in Washington township, just north of town, and died 
there in M)I1, at the age of eighty-one vears. J lis wife survived him ;md 
now is eigluv-one ye.ars old. Mrs. ddiomas I'. \'au Tree< is a 'levoied mem- 
ber of the I'resbvterian cjiurch as was also her deceased husband. 

The paternal grandfather of Warren \"an drees was John \ an Trees. 
His wife was Laura (Prentiss) \'an Trees, ddie former was a native of 



['cnnsvlvania and the latter <,! liuliaiKi, Imth ui wIimui were i>i.,neer> m 
Daviess CMunty. an,l where he pureliase.l uiie him.h-ed aeres ni' hin-l fur one 
hun.lred ,1., liars. This land ha.l heeii smM t,,r taxes aniountin- t,, nine ,1.)1- 
hirs and ei^lUy cents. Two luni,h-ed (l,,Ilars an acre has lately heen refused 
fur this same land. Jnhn \an Trees owned several farms,' Init made his 
home in W'ashm.L^lon, where he had a heantifnl house an.l other properly, 
lie started a pork-packing husiness in Washin-ion which he conducted lor 
many years. Ik- was also an extensive dealer in -eiieral merchandi>e and 
operated a store. John \'an Trees was county clerk for tweiitv years. Jlis 
penmanship was exceptional and almost like copper-plate. 1 le live.l to he 
mnety-one years old and his wife ,lied at tlie a.i^e of sixl v-ei,^ht. They iiad 
a lar-e family of children as f.,ll,,w: Thomas I'., |,,hn M.. Charle. K.. 
Jlc-nry, Helen, Lydia (i., Ann hdiza, Laura, i'.mma "ll., William, and one 
\\ ll" died in infancy, the first horn. 

The -randfaiher .d' .Mr. Wan Trees was Xathaniel Alhertson 
^vho.e wife was Miss (Forsyihe) .Mhertson. Th^v ,vere earlv settlers m 
southern Indiana, the wife havm- come from I'.n-Jand to .\merica in iSoo. 
Nalhaniel Alhertson was a om-ressman fr.mi Idowl and llarnson countie.s, 
Jndiana, an,l lived on a farm ,.n the -.1.1 turnpike luar New Alhany. His 

home was a st<;ppin- place for travelers haulm- ^ Is f.u" which he char-e.l 

them a picavime, uorth ahout live cents. lie died in the Uockv mount;nns 
at Cenlnd (/it), Cok.rado, while pn.spectm- there, at the a-e of sixty-ei-ht 
years. Ili.s wife lued to he ninetv-oiie years of a-e, Thev had one .In 
aud hve dani^hters, Mliza, Sarah Deaue, Carrie. L.aura, .Mice and Cleorqe. 
Warren Wan Trees, the suhject ,,f this .ketch, lived m Washin-loi, 
unlil seven years old an<l then grew to manh,H,d , ,n his father's farm uhere 
he lived until I weniy-seven. lie .attended (he district sch,M,l and the W.adi- 
m-ton puhhc and high sehoMU, .nid after le.avin- the farm he came t- Wa.h- 
mglon aud clerked lor his uncle, John .\. Scudder. lu the drug store of 
Sciulder .^ Company, f,,r several years. lie then purchased the store him- 
seh. lie sold this store, Imally, and w;is out ni the husiness f . -r seven 
years. Sul,.e(|uently, he hought it hack again aud h.a.. continued in the .Irug 
husiness since that time. 

Air, \''an Trees was married on Decemher i^, i()io, to .Mrs. Mariha 
Glenn .Morris, a widow .d" Kohert Morris, au,l the d.anghter n\ |uhn \' an.'l 
Indiana (.Mitchell) CTan.lIer. Two children have keen horn to this union, 
Sarah Deane and Warren, Jr. 

-Mrs. Man Trees was horn near AlfoiaKville, Indiana. Her parents 
^vere natives of this state and now live in Washington. They were the par- 



viits (if the l(ill(_i\\iii|4 cliililrcn, Martha (Ik'iin, l\alci_L;h, l-'rcd, I.ilhan. ?ihihel, 
I.nraii, I'.arl and Ahiric. 

Mr, \"aii Tret-'s is an anient Dennicrat, hut he ha> nex'er taken an espe- 
cially acti\e part in pnlitics. Mr. ami Mrs. \'an Trees are inemhers of the 
(litterent cliurches. Mr. \'an Trees is a rresh\-terian, and his wile is a 
niemher (if the Medrndist Mpisn :]ial church. 

A lari^e and th itu'islhnL; drui; Inisiness has heen Iniilt \i\ Mr. \'an Trees 
in \\'ashin,i;t«in. lie enj(i)s, ti i the ntnicst, the cunlidence of liis ])atrons and 
has al\\a\s lieen kind and conrteou^ to all his customers, lie helnnj^s to due 
of the (lid families m Haxdess cuiiut}', a fanuly which has a!\\a\-s stood fiir 
tlie \'er\' hest thiuLjs in the life nf the C( lmIllnnit^■. 

I^UXl'.SI' C. KITd'h.RSKAMr 

it is li\' Ud means an easy task to descrilie within the limits of this 
review a man w h( i has led rui active and eminenth' Usetul life, and who, li\' 
his ( iwn e.xertioii. has reached a pdsuinn of honor and trust in Imsiness with 
which his interests are .allied. l!ut Iiio-raphy finds justilication. ne\-erthe- 
less. in tracing and recording;' snch a lile historw since the ]>nlilic claims a 
certain mteresl in the career ol e\'er\- indnidual. Ihe time in\arial)l\' 
arises, therefore, when it lieconies adxisahle to present the careers of men 
who are leaders in Imsiness entcr]iri-cs. It is with a certain decree (d' satis- 
lactioii the chronicler essa\s the task ol lonchiny liriedy upon the 
career ol I'.rnest (1. Kitterskamp, who, for main- \e;irs, has been a promi- 
nent and inllueiilial citizen ol 1 )a\iess couiu\'. 

l^rnest (i. Kitterskamp, ;i well-known furniture dealer of Washing- 
ton, \\,is horn on .\u!^u>t V I'^f's. at \ incennes. lie is the son ot h'red 
and Louisa ( Kercher i Ritterskamp, the former :i nati\e of Alherfeld and 
the latter a natne of Mettiuann, (ierinam'. The\- had ten children, ti\'e of 
whom h\e(l to iu;iturit\'. I'"rcd lixes in Kansas C'it\-, Missouri; ( )tto is a 
lurniture dealer in \incennes; h.inil is |)resident of the X'inceunes I'Tirni- 
ture Com|ian)-; l'".rnest (). is the suliject of this sketch: Louisa, who died in 
her twent\'-sixth \e,ar, was the wife of h'r.ank l'ierr\-. 

I'Ved Uitterskamp, the f.ither of the<e children, was reari'd .and mar- 
ried in r.ermany. lie came lo .Vmeric.i with his wife and located in \'in- 
cennes. Mere he w;is a C(-intr;iCt( ir and huilder. lie was a carpenter li\' 
tratle. lie died in \'incennes .at the aL;e of l"itt\'-l'i\'e \'ears. Ills wife 



sur\i\(.'(l liini anil dicil nn .\iii;u>l 2(\ I1JO4, at the age nf sc\eiity-f(iur. Thoy 
belonged to the ( lerman I'A'aiigclical ehurcli. The paternal grandparents of 
lamest (j. l\itter^^ka^lp were Imrn and lived and died in (rerinan}'. The 
maternal grandfather, who was (intl fried Kereher, alsu lived and died in 
German)-, lie was a haker. lie ran a hake simp at .Meltniann. His wife 
was Louisa KerslKr. 

ICrnest (i. Kitterskruni) was reared in N'incennes and attended the pub- 
lic schiiols of that city, luirlx' in life, he learned the earjienter trade, wdiich 
he iollowed until alter his marriage. l"or some time he was also engaged 
in railroad work-, and during this jieriod was a liremau for the Iron Moun- 
tain railroad and li\ed at l)e .S^io, .Missouri. 

.Mr. Uiller-k"amp marrieil Allha Jackson, a daughter of John Jackson. 
(3ne il.'iughter was IkjI'ii \u this union and died in infancv. .Mrs. Ritters- 
kaiup died lifteen mouths after her marri.age. 

In Jauu;ir_\-, iSiji, .Mr. Ritteiskamp was married again to .\melia 11. 
Schnlte, the daughter of h'red and .MoUie ( Uitterskanip) Schulte, Ten chil- 
dren were born to this um'on, \'iMla, h'Jla, Otto, W'.dter, David, Oscar, Carl^ 
and three who died \'omig. All these children are now living at home. 

.Mrs. .\melia II. Ritterskamp was born at l''.\ans\'ille, this state. Her 
parents were nati\es ol ' iermaiu'. who came to .\merica and settled there 
early in life. Here the\- were married after which thc\' mo\ed to bVeelands- 
ville, lndi;ma. The father died in b'reel;mds\ die, in I'jik). but his wife is 
still living. They had a number of children, .among whom were: .Vmcdia H.,, h'red, hanma, Clara, Lvdia and Louisa. .Mrs. .Amelia Ritters- 
kamp's grandfather was Christ Schulte. Her maternal grandfather 
was William Ritterskamp, whiise wife .Amelia II. Ritterskamp. Their 
children were h'red, Harriet and Mollie. 

Mr. and Alr>. Riltcrskamp arc mi lubeis of ihc I'nited Rrethren church. 
l-"ralerii,ill\ , .Mr. Riiter>kamp is a iiKinber of l'\thagoras Lodge .\o. 118, 
Knights of I'; also the \\o,idmen of the World, the Len-Hur Society, 
and the .Modern Woo, linen (d' .\meric.a. P.oth Mr. and Airs. Kitlerskamp 
are members of the Knights and Ladies of Secnril)'. haaiesl 1 i. Uillers- 
kamp carries a Large stock of fiuaiiture, stoves, etc., .and docs a Large busi- 
ness in Washington, and in I )a\ less count\'. He is well respected ;is a busi- 
ness luan ;md in e\er\' respect is a good citizen ol D,a\dcss county. Air. 
Ritterskani]) has ne\-er been active in political rdfairs, but devoted his 
attention raliier to his own i)ri\ate business and to the welfare and C(jmfort 
of his familv, to which he is \erv luuch devoted. 



Among the well-known }-oung business men of Daviess county whose 
enterprise and industry have won iiim distincti\e prestige in the business 
circles of this county is l.uther Julnison, a well-knuwn clerl< fur llie 1. W. 
Lutz & Son i''urniture Company. None stands higher m the life of Wash- 
ington and \ icinity or higher in the esteem and ci.iniidence ui this c*<.)mnumity 
than r\lr. Julmson. 

J^uther Johnson was jjorn on May S, 1872, in Washington township, 
Daviess county, the son of Milford I), and Usee (Wise) Johnson, l)oth 
natises of Indiana. They had six chikh-en, (Jla, the wife of Otto Cjberst, 
of near l.\\'ans\'ille ; Mullie, wlm died in early childhood; .Stella, the wife 
of William Soloinun, uf Herrington, Kansas; Luther, ni Washington; 
k2dward H., who died at the age of fourteen years, and I'earl, who is the 
wife ui W. 15. Allen, ol W'ashingl. m township. 

]\lilfurd I). Johnson, the father of these children, was reared in Hax'icss 
county, and w^as a carpenter by trade. He lived on a farm in Wa-hington 
township until a few \ears bcforr his death, lie died in ujoo, and his wife 
is still living at the age of se\eiity-lliree. Mrs. Johnson ;ind her deceased 
husl)and were memj.iers of the (kiptist church, as are all the f.amily. .Milford 
1). [(ihnson was in the service of the L'nion arni_\' during the C'ixil War as 
a bridge carpenter. 

The ])aternal grandparents of Luther Johnson were bahvard 11. and 
Nancv (.Murphy) jMlm-,on. uatixes ( d' Kentucky and early settlers in 
Ha\iess count}', where they were farmers. The)- bolh died in this county 
well advanced in years, ami were llie parents ot five children, Milford D., 
.Anlhoin-, Robert, .*^us;m ;ind Idc.ra. d"he m.aternal grand] i.areiils of Mr. 
lolmsoii were John and Leila Wise, who were also earl\- settlers in Lawless 
eouiil\- and were f.inneis. Tbe\ b:id seven children. Ijeiiry, William, 
.Alfred, b'hn. .\barv -\iiii, l.ucinda and Os;i. 

Luther Johnson was reareil ou the farm and .attended (be district schools. 
He lived at home until grown and then came to Washington and worked f.>r 
a transfer companv for three or four years. I' he began clerking in the 
furniture store of Iv Ik I'ornwald, who recentiv -old out to (\ W. Keach. 
and where he worked for months when he let't this employment 
and entered the store of 1. W. l.ulz M Sons. Mr. Johnson been in this 
store for fourteen vears, and is well known for his courteous dealings with 
the ])ublic and his upright, honorable conduct in all of his business relations. 



Lullicr Johnson was married on June _'5, ii;05, lo Nrttic W havnc, the 
ilaUL;litcr of Nathan ami Ahcc (Ihiynes) W liaync. ( )n(.' clani;hti.-r, Thehua, 
has heen horn to this union. Mrs. Johnson was l)orn ni Kcnturks'. I ler 
[jarents were natixes ol that state and crnne to '1 )a\'ie>s connlx- aliout iSSS. 
'I'hey are now h\in,i; in Washington. 'l'he_\- lia\e three chiMren, Xetlie, 
h^iinice and Lucile. Airs. Johnson's paternal i^randparents were nati\es of 
l\entiick\ , where the\' died. 

Mr. and Mrs. Johnson are nienihers of the Haptist church. iM-aternallv. 
Mr. Johnson is a meniher of the Uoyal Arcanum and is an ardent Repiil)- 

[OIIX W. l.Jlld..\Ul). 

Specific meiitiim is made of man\- of the wurth)- citizens of DaviesS 
County within the pa^es of thi^ hook, citizens who ha\e li^ured in the 
L;rowth and development ol this fa\ored localit}' and whose interests are 
ideniilied with its e\er\- i)hase ol progress, each coiitriliiitinL; m his sphere 
of action to the well-heiiiL; ol the communit\' in which he resides and to 
the ad\ancenient of its normal and leL;itimate L;rowth. .\mon^ this nnmher 
is John W. 1 )illard, peculiar mlerest attaching to his career from the fact 
that tor (|Uite a iiumher o| \'ears he has lieen proniinentU' identified with 
the real estate and insurance luisiness in Washington, during which tune 
he has also taken a promiiunt ])aii in the ci\ic and moral adxanceiiient of 
his ci immunitv. 

|(jlin W. I )illard was horn in llowliiii; (ireeii, l\entiick\-, Xovemher 
_'0, 1X3(1, the son of Henry and Mai-y ( C'omhs ) Millard, nati\es of Keii- 
tiickw. They were the parents .if h\e children, h'annie, deceased; John \\'., 
of \\'asliinL;ton ; Ida, deceased, who the wife of William (ile.ason; W'lU- 
i:un. of Telle llaiile. and ,\ddie, deceased. 

llenry Dillard, a tanner li_\' tr.ade, was the father of John \\'., and was 
reared in l\entiick\-. lie c-anie to Indiana ahout iSoS and located in Jack- 
son count\- and eni;a,i;ed in faiaiiiiiL;. lie served ;is a tcniister in the ('i\'il 
War. lie died in iS(>i) and his wife died on l-'ehrnarv iS. \')\},. at the 
a,L;e of se\ enl\-si.\ \i-ars. She ,a niemher of the ( hristian church. 

John W. Dillard, the suhject of this sketch, spent his li..\h(Pod days 
ill l.acksoii couiitw Indi.ui.i, .md came to |)a\iess count)' in 1S71. lie 
resided in WasliiiiL.;ton, where he illended ihe pllhlic schools and ,L;rew to 
manhood. After reachiiiL; maluriiw he en,L;.iL;ed 111 \arious husiness ]inr- 



suits. Me first clcrkeil fur mic year tCr ji>lni C. .\k( 'alt'L-rty and tlien look 
tlic position of supL'nntcndeiit <il Oak t.iri)\c cenictt.M'\', which lie held for 
ten vcars. lie then Mwiiedand operated a im nuimeiital Imsnies^ in \\'a>h- 
in^tnu for fourteen \ears m partnership with h. W. Kelle. lie then entered 
the real estate, insurance and inan business, which he has liillnwed since 
that time. 

( )u |nne 15. 1X7^1, he was niarned tn Miraud.i Iv W'eddell, the daugh- 
ter of (iahriel L. and l\eliecca .\. ( Hall I W'eddell. Twn children lia\e heeii 
Imrii tn this union, l)\'anllua, whn died in infancy, and \'assall l'".dL;ai'. h'iru 
I 111 March 14, iN-S. lie is a teacher nf vocal and nislniiueutal music and 
IS directiir of music in the \\'ashiiij.;lMn hi^h schi'dl. lie married l■".^tella 
'ralh''tt and tliev lia\e two chitilreu. .\madeus l'.\riin ami lohii W'.irreu. 

.Mrs. Dillard was Imru in Jackson counte. Indian.i. Her parents were 
uati\'es ol \'iri;iiiia and Tennessee, re>pecli\ el\-, and were e.arh' settlers in 
jacksou ciiuiit\'. ller lather, whn was Imrii in iSiJ, studied In he a lawwer, 
hut oil accMiint ■ d' lln-M.ii irnuhle .L;:i\e up ihat prnfessinu and started farin- 
iiiL;. lie was the owner of twu^e f.arms in lacksoii Couutw lie and 
hi> wife niMN ed tn Texas and sellle<l in llelle cnuuU', where the\' li\ed the 
remainder nl their li\es. (i.ahriel 1,. W'eddell wa> twice married and, hy 
his first marri.a^e, had three children, lasper, ' Tlnmhus au'l L;i\iiia. Hv 
his seciiiid marriage there were twehe children, llainiltnii, wlm was killed 
in the ('nil War; .Mary; Willis; f.lla ; .Maria; 1 )( o'a ; .Mirand l'.. ; Warren; 
Sherman; .Sheridan; llenjaniin and Newton. lie and his wife were niein- 
hers nf the ( church. .She died at the ai;e ot sixtv-om .ami he died 
a lew \ear.s filer ,it the aL;e ol eii;hu-, 

file Ljr.iiidpareiits ol Mrs. I )ilfard were l);i\id W fddell and 
wile, u,ati\es (il \ ir^iiiia ;md pmuecrs in jacksi'ii cnnnty, liidian.a, where 
the\' were farmers. lie was in the War of 1 S 1 j and died at an old a,L;e. 
1 he\ wciH- the p. mills nt se\en children, (i.ihrul; ( f i\ hi 'urii ; film \ . wIm 
was a t'hristian inim~ier; .Xaiuw. Sar.ili. M.iriha and .Sieplieii. flie i;r.indpareiils uf .Mrs Millard were natives <<\ feiincssee .and pin- 
neers in ficksdii cniiiuv. Indiana. I Iic\- were the paiants id fi\e children, 
Reheeca .\,, ( ,ipl;iin Willis, w 1im was a siTlier in the I 'nil War; I )\';uitlii i. 
1 )M\ie and William, w hn died in llie (nil W;ir. 

Mr. .and Mrs, 1 )ill,ird ;ire meinhers uf the ( church .Mr, l)il- 
kard seiwed as an elder Inr ,a nnmlier nf \e,ai"s, as ,1 de.iCMii .ir,d .is sn]ieriii- 
tendcnt ul the .Snnil.n' sclimT f'r.alern.alh'. he is a nieinlier n| T,i\-er]ii » J 
l,(MlL;e .\'ii. Mil, liiilepeiidiait ( Irder nf n,\,\ f'elfjws; ,,f \\\<- eiic;(iU])meiil ; 


of the Pythagorean Lodge No. 1 18, Knights of I'ytliias; of tlie Modern 
\\'oodinen of America, and of tlie 'I'rihe of l'>en-llnr. Jle is a Deni(.icrat 
and is now serving as councihnan-at-large. Mr. 1 Jillard is well kn(j\\ii and 
highl)' respected by a large immber of friends and acquaintances in W' 
inuton and throuijhout Daxies'i ccinntv. 

:martix luti-ier roxiia.m. 

The character of a cuniniunit)' is determined in a large measnre liy 
the li\es of a ci imparativeh' few of its members. If its moral and intel- 
lectnal statns be good, if, in a social \\a\-, it is a pleasant place to reside, 
if its repnlation a?^ h.' the integritx' of ils citizens has extended into iither 
liicalities, it will lie found lh;u ihe standanl .^el b\- ihe leading men has lieen 
high and their inlluencc such as lo mi>ld the characicr> and .^h.ipe the lues 
of tho^e with whom lhe_\- mingle. In placing the Late .Martin Luther L'.onham 
among the foremost men of his day and generation, only sim[)le justice is 
done to the menior\- (jf this, worthy nian. Although quiet ami unassuming 
in manner and with no runbition lor pulilic position or leailership, he con- 
tributed much to the ci\ic, m.iterial and moral ad\rmcement oi his com- 
mimii\-. I'dr m;in\' \ears he was ;i successtui undertaker and 
director in the cit\' of W.-ishiugton and I )a\ ies-, couutx-. Mis admirable 
(|ualities of head and heart and his straight lorward, u]>right course won f<ir 
him the esteem and conlidenci' of the circle in which h</ mo\cd and, although 
he is now slee|)ing the sleep of the just, his inlluence still li\es and his 
memcjrv is greath' rexered. 

The late Martin Luther was b'lrn on March 4, iS-'7, at Logan, 
in I'earborn couutw Indiana. lie was the son ot Zedekiah ruid Amelia 
(('ullcMUi llouham, the forinei' a native ol reunessee ;uul the l.itter ol ( )hio. 
I'.oth wei-e pioneers in Decatm" countx', Indiana, where he w;is a farmer, a 
justice of the peace and a m;ui of considerable iullueuce. llis wile died here 
well aihanced in \'ears. lie died Later at a ver\' ;id\anced age. They had 
three sons and three daughters, Mrs. IvMrnda Thompson, Mrs. .\lari;i Keen, 
Martin laither, Washington, .\llei: an<l .Mrs. While. 

The late Martin Luther I'.onh.un was reared in Dearborn coimty. In- 
diana, where he li\-e(l until eii;hleen years of age, when the family moved to 
I]arris(Mi, r*hio, where he learned the cabinetmaker trade. .\fterw.ard he 
entraued in the undertakinir and furniture business at llarrison for eighteen 


}-cars. Ill 1863, Mr. Bonliani rcniDNcd in Wasliingtuii, Daviess cunnty, Iii- 
iliaiia, wliere he entered the employ (if John Alattinj^ly for a lime, lie suon 
forniecl a partnership with Air. Mauiii,!,'ly and. jiisi priur to hi.s death, hecanie 
his snccessur. Mr. linnhani cdnductetl the l)n>niess alone for a time and then 
assoeiated with him Mr. Joseph (idl, winch partnership continued as Uun- 
ham & (iill for a nnmher of yeai's. In iSi)i. .Mr. ISonham's sons. Z. .\. ami 
L. t.)., jnirchased Mr. ( iill's interesl, when the lirm hecame M. L. I'xinham's 
Sons, and this in"m continues at the present time. 

Martin Luther llonham was married to Selana ],incoln in Harrison, 
llamihon county, ( )hio. They ha<l toiu- children, George id., iiow a resi- 
dent of Wyoming and a man w Ikj has tra\eletl e.\tensi\-ely over the W(jrld; 
Mary L., deceased, who was the wile of John Krets; Zedekiah .\. and Clif- 
ford ( ). Mr. ISonham died in Washington, this state, Decemher jo, 1898, 
at the age ol se\ent\'-one years an(l nine months. 1 1 is wife died some years 
]ire\ ioiisle. in I l.arrison, ( Hiio. .\fler her death, he married again to 
.Mrs. .^arah .S.iur>, hut no clnldreu were horn to this last union. Martin L. 
I'.onham was a strong kepuhlican. I lis hrst wife, Selan.i Lincoln, was horn 
in I larrisou, ( ihio. and was a third cousin to .\hraham l.incr.ln. llei- |jar- 
ents were Henry and .Mary Lincoln, n.'Uixes of .Mar\laud. and |)iiiueers in 
llaniihor, coniuy, ()hiii. The} were the pa.reul.s of four children, .Mrs. 
.Sifen Lowlhey, .Mrs. .Mar_\- I'ruiksh.ank-, .Mrs. Jane Johnson and .Mis. .Selana 
llouham. Zedekiah and (,'lil'fonl I'.Mnham were the successors of their father 
in the nndert.aking hnsiness which is still operatefl u.nder ihe old firm name of 
.M . L.'s .Sons. 

Zedekiah I'.onham mariaed .M.arguerilc McDaniel, who died leaxing 
one child, .Martin Luther. Alter her death, .Mr. Kouh.ain married again to 
Lncretia Wiiod. 

t'lil'lord (1. Li'iiham married .M.artlia J. ( arn;di:in and the\- ha\e had 
li\e clnldreu. Ilk' lir--l two were twin li.>\-^. who died in infanc\-; the iie.M 
two were twin girls, I',iihi\- Ma\- ,ind I'Tankie .Maud, and the fifth child was 
Alm;i Inez, who was horn ele\eii \ ears after the hirili of the last twins, 
I'anny .May married l.arl Hair .ind li\es in ("incinnati. They ha\e tliree 
children, Dorris, John ■ClilTord and .Marguerite, twins. h'rankie uMaud 
married Ldward C'lore and lives in Waslhnglon, Indiana; Alma Inez is a 
school teacher. 

Zedekiah L.onhrun and his f.amily are memhers of the I 'resln'teriaii 
ehnrch and ( lilTord (\ Lonham and his famil_\- are memhers of the Methodist 
church. (lilTonl (). and Zedekiah were hotli horn in ' >hio and reared in 


Washington, Indinna, where they attended tlie public schools and received 
their education. 

The paternal grandfather nf Mrs. Clifford O. i'-Mnhain was kuhert 
Carnahan and her maternal grantlparents were (ienri^e and Anna (Morgan) 

Clifford O. lionham is a Ivepulilican in ])i_)lilics and served three terins 
in succession as curcmer of Daviess cuunty. The I'.nnham family has Ijeen 
connected with the history of Daviess cmmty for many years and they have 
been equal to every duty, public and private. The family is highly respected 
in Daviess county, where Iwu enterprising suns are carr\'ing on successfully 
the work of a worthy and highly respected father. 


One of the most enterprising of our younger generati'.m of farmers in 
Da\'ie^s county, who has belie\ed, from the outset of his career, that the 
wisdom of yesterday is sometimes the folly of toda}' and that, while the 
methods of our grandfathers in tilling the soil, were all right in their day, 
yet in the twentieth centur)-, we are comjjelled to adopt new methods and 
farm along different lines, in \iew of the fact that conditions of climate, soil, 
grains, etc., ha\'e changed smce the ila\> ol the ])ioneer. John W'ichman 
ha> been a close observer ol modern methoils and i^ a student, at all times, 
of whatever ])ertains to his chosen life-work. He has, therefore, met \\iih 
encouraging success all along the line and, judging from his jjast record, 
he will undoubtedly achie\'e much in the future years and take liis place 
among the leading farmers of Daviess county, noterl for its line farms and 
progressixe farmers. 

John W'ichman was bcuai on June _'S, 1S71, in Decatur countw Indiana. 
He is the son of .\nton and iLlizabetb ( Kuhlman 1 W'ichman. His father 
who was born in (lermanv, about iS_^fi, and came to .\merica after receiv- 
ing his early education in his nati\e country; hi.-^ mother is also a n;itive of 
Germanv. .\nton W'ichman and wile lived in fJecatur county, Indiana, 
where they were farmers for a time. Subse(|iiently, the\' mo\xd to Daviess 
comity, Indiana, and located in Steele township, where he owned eighty 
acres <if land Thev lived here until his death. He was a member of the 
Catholic church. Anton and F.lizabeth W'ichman were the |)arents of nine 
children, .Anton, Jr., Mary, Catherine, John, Jose])h, Rosie, .\ngela, Eliza- 


betli and Ik-iiry. Of these children, Antnn, Jr., who own.s about three hun- 
dred acres of kind in tliis townsliip, luarrietl C.~atlierine Arlinyhouse; Alary 
married Otto Luken and hves in Cincinnati ; C'atiierine, Rosie and .Vngela are 
unmarried; Juse])h, deceased, married I'dizabetii luiglehart ; I'dizaheth mar- 
ried Aloysius Sum and h\'es in this c<iunt\-; J lem-y married Alary Young 
and owns mie lnin(h"ed and sixl)' acres of land in Steele township. 

John W'icliman is inimarrieil. lie receixeil only a C(jmmon-school edu- 
cati(jn, hut has imprcixx-d his i)]ipiirtunities 1)\' hunie studv and has become 
a well-informed man. lie is a man highh- respected in the township where 
he li\'es for his enterprising habits and gooii conm.ion sense. Air. W'ichman 
h\'es with his motluT and unmarried sifters on the lionie farm in Steele 
township, ]Je owns two hundred acres of land in Steele township which 
he rents. The W'ichman family are all members of the Catholic church. 

John W'ichman is a man who is not hast\' in making u[) his mind re- 
garding a proiiosition, but w lu'u his nund is once m.ade up, he is fairly 
inflexible. His conser\-atism and the care which he takes tn decide a proposi- 
tion ha\-e ])een respnusible largely for bis s|ilendid success as a farmer. Mr. 
W'ichman is not onl\- well k-nov\ii in Steele tnwuship, but he is a man Imn- 
ored and admired f(ir bis frugal h.ibits and his goi id business tnanagement. 
In e\'ery resjject, he deserves to rank as a representative citizen nf this sec- 
tion of Daviess cmmtv and is, therefore, entitled to representatii in in a 
\'olume of this character. 

lA.MI'.S W'lTSAlAX. 

The twentieth century farmer knows \'erv little of the disacK'antages 
which siUTiiunded the jiioneer f;n-mer of this state. Xo longer is the farmer 
Ciimpeiled lo rise eai'l\' in the morning anil cuniinue his kibors int<i the even- 
ing. The larmer o| toda\' can dn as much work in a half dav as his father 
could, lifty \ears ago, in a whule day. The free mail deli\-ery leaxes the 
(k'lily pa])er on his doiM'step e.ach morning. His telei)hone i)uts him into 
communicati<in with his neighburs, while the interurban cars and automobiles 
enable him to i>articii.)ate in all of tlie fcatiu'es of city life. The present 
generation of farmers has no forests to clear, few swamps to drain, while 
hundreds of iinentiMus, designed to lighten the labors t>i the f:u-mer. b.axe 
been put into their hamls. The Iku'l of our fathers h;is gi\en wav to the 
threshing machine of today and e\'cn the old-fashioneil cnm-cutter is laid 
on the shelf and the corn is now cut l)v machinery. Tlie old-fashioned 


sluickiii^g-peg lias given \va)' tu llic niudeni c iru-liuskcr and. surronndcd l)y 
.snch conditiuns, the I'arnKT of toda_\- can ha\c all the advantages 1.1 1" the 
citizens i,i the cities with few dI their disadvantages. One of the nuulern 
farniefs i>f Daviess enmity, is James W'itsman, of .Steele township. 

James W'itsman, who li\es near I'laiiu-ille. Jiuliana, cm a S])lenilid farm, 
was horn on I'ehniary J4, 185-', in Lawrence comity, liulian.a. JJe is the 
.son of (Jli\-er and W'.dter Ann (lix'ans) W'itsman, the former a nati\e of 
J.awrence comil)', Indiana, and the latter the daughter of a sergeant in the 
l\e\olntionary army. (Jli\er W itsman died while yi>mig or when he was 
ahont thirty-four years of age. lie heloiiged to the l'liristi;m clinrch and 
was acti\e in its ;illairs. lie was a splendid singer, a gi 1, id trdker and an 
ehicienl school teacher. lie ,iKo hillowed f.inning m Lawrence comil\'. 
Indiana, tniir miles west ol iledlord. where he owned one Inmdred and sixt\- 
acres of laml. J le ni(.>\ed to l'';i\etle\ ille, Indiana, and e